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Developmental Psychology

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Articles 1 - 27 of 27

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Can I Hit Your Juul? Nicotine Motives & Accessibility In College Students, Ashlen Grubbs Nov 2020

Can I Hit Your Juul? Nicotine Motives & Accessibility In College Students, Ashlen Grubbs

Scholars Week

The purpose of this project was to examine the associations between nicotine dependency, motives, and the impact of new laws on college student nicotine patterns. Motives for smoking can also be analyzed through categorizing motives into primary and secondary motives (Piasecki, et. al., 2011). Primary motives are reasons such as habit, tolerance, cravings, and loss of control (Piasecki, et. el., 2011). All motives for smoking have been shown to have a positive correlation with nicotine dependence except smoking to lose weight and for socialization (McEwen, et. al., 2008). Yet conflicting research by Aloise-Young, Grant, and Hansen (1994) indicates that smoking ...


Pornography: Adolescent Brain Development & Addiction, William K. Canady Mar 2020

Pornography: Adolescent Brain Development & Addiction, William K. Canady

National Youth-At-Risk Conference

This presentation will explain the historical development of pornography. It will highlight three segments: 1- Porn’s impact on brain development of reward pathways, ultimately increasing the appetite for more porn. 2- Porn can be a false substitute for real intimacy, resulting in decreased sexual satisfaction with a real person and increased verbal and physical aggression. 3- Porn promotes sex trafficking, promotes multiple sex partners and reduced STD prevention.


The Effect Of Deep Pressure Therapy On The Health Of Individuals With Developmental Disorders, Kaitlin Faulcon Jan 2020

The Effect Of Deep Pressure Therapy On The Health Of Individuals With Developmental Disorders, Kaitlin Faulcon

Capstone Showcase

Many individuals with Autism (ASD), Anxiety, and other disabilities seek out tactile input, in the form of Deep Pressure Therapy, to calm themselves during stressful situations. First developed in Eastern culture and massage, Deep Pressure Therapy evolved into a mainstream technique used by various populations, including neurotypicals. Weighted blankets, compression vests, and other materials are useful in treatment but have their limitations as well. These garments and tools provide tactile input that positively impacts the individuals' biological functions, self-reported anxiety, and other essential factors. Other sensory treatments like exercise and swaddling provide similar effects but not specific to the deep ...


Awareness Of Emotions Leads To Self-Efficacy Among College Students, Amy Lee, Emily M. Delacruz May 2019

Awareness Of Emotions Leads To Self-Efficacy Among College Students, Amy Lee, Emily M. Delacruz

Publications and Research

Self-efficacy is one’s belief in their own ability to succeed in a particular situation or accomplish a task (Bandura, 1977). Previous research has shown that the effort one puts into achieving goals, coping abilities, and behavior in the face of opposition are all heavily influenced by efficacy beliefs. Self reflection and knowledge of inner feelings, areas in which one excel, areas in which one do poorly, and areas in which one need to improve aid in the establishment of goals (Bandura, 1977 & Cervone, 2004). Inner feelings are bound to occur when one make sense of what one can and cannot do, thus these emotional entities are important to make sense of who we are and aid in self-efficacy. Research has shown that while both negative and positive emotions increase in prevalence during a single moment, emotional experience becomes more stable with aging (Carstensen, 2011). Theories of adult development argues that there are individual differences and variability in emotional development (Carstensen, 2011 & Erikson, 1950). This present study assess the emotional development of participants, through means of scales and narratives, and determines if there is a correlation between a participant’s emotional development and self-efficacy, through self-reflection of their perceived strengths and weaknesses in both an interpersonal and academic setting. The hypothesis, If there is an increase in emotional awareness in an individual, then said individual will have an increase in self-efficacy because the individual’s strengths and weaknesses can be identified through self-reflection, was put to test and the results proved the hypothesis true; there is a positive correlation between emotional awareness and self-efficacy. This study provided the foundation for future ...


The Effects Of Being Labeled Smart By Friends: Burden Or Benefit?, Lauren Feldman, Isaac Abrams, Charlotte Bernot, Alexa Delmonte, Deegan Miller Apr 2019

The Effects Of Being Labeled Smart By Friends: Burden Or Benefit?, Lauren Feldman, Isaac Abrams, Charlotte Bernot, Alexa Delmonte, Deegan Miller

Psychology Presentations

No abstract provided.


Levinas Across The Lifespan: Human Development And The Face Of The Other, Elizabeth Gassin, Chad Maxson Apr 2019

Levinas Across The Lifespan: Human Development And The Face Of The Other, Elizabeth Gassin, Chad Maxson

Scholar Week 2016 - present

In this Scholar Week presentation, we will review the fundamentals of Emmanuel Levinas’ philosophy and integrate them with research from the field of developmental psychology. Levinas argued that ethics is the starting point of philosophy. The face of the other human functioned for him to communicate the primal social attachments between the Self and the Other. For Levinas, this primary sociability contains an infinite ethical obligation that shapes philosophy. Various lines of research in developmental psychology have demonstrated a chain of events that dovetails with Levinas’ claims. This chain of events links infant preference for human faces, the crucial role ...


Forgotten Children & Bonds That Heal: The Critical Nature Of Attachment, August Ashbaker Mar 2019

Forgotten Children & Bonds That Heal: The Critical Nature Of Attachment, August Ashbaker

Lesley University Community of Scholars Day

Human attachment is one of the most critical factors in proper neurological and physiological development. Attachment is built through the mutuality of emotional impact, as well as the regular reception of physical touch. Infants and children who have been deprived of these vital necessities through the lacking initiatives of their caregivers—through neglect—display visible signs of its physiological, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral impact. Research has found neglect to be the highest risk factor for permanent damage to brain development in comparison to other forms of complex trauma (i.e. chronic caregiver interpersonal trauma in childhood); it is also the ...


Gender Identity And Self-Esteem Within The Contexts Of The Same-Sex Peer Group, Nation, And Group Individualism And Collectivism, Mithra H. Pirooz Mar 2018

Gender Identity And Self-Esteem Within The Contexts Of The Same-Sex Peer Group, Nation, And Group Individualism And Collectivism, Mithra H. Pirooz

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Adolescence is a period of development during which needs and relationships shift (Sebastian, Burnett, & Blakemore, 2008). Issues of gender also become more salient, and gender identity has been related to different areas of psychosocial adjustment, such as self-esteem (Egan & Perry, 2001). The current study examined predictors of self-esteem among early adolescents in the context of a multilevel model. We considered felt pressure to conform to gender norms, gender typicality, and gender satisfaction as individual-level predictors within the contexts of the same-sex peer group, nation, and group levels of individualism and collectivism. Multilevel modeling was employed to account for nonindependence between ...


The Impact Of A Mentoring Program On Adolescent Girls’ Self-Esteem, Natalie C. Flanders Apr 2017

The Impact Of A Mentoring Program On Adolescent Girls’ Self-Esteem, Natalie C. Flanders

Georgia College Student Research Events

Adolescents in the modern world often find themselves facing pressures and influences from family, friends and society. Influences such as advertisement and media are readily available through social media and internet. Girls are especially vulnerable to the pressure in maintaining an ideal body image due to stereotypical female images being portrait as beautiful and attractive. It often results in girl’s preoccupation with beauty and peers’ perceptions, along with other risky behaviors (Galeotti, 2015). Past research found support through a mentoring relationship can have profound impacts on adolescents social-emotional, cognitive, and identity development (Schwartz, Lowe, & Rhodes, 2012). Youth mentoring is ...


Music And Its Importance In The Development Of Children, Harrison Guetzko Apr 2017

Music And Its Importance In The Development Of Children, Harrison Guetzko

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

For thousands of years, music has been the universal language of all cultures. It can tell stories of the past, communicate emotions and messages, and it has had an impact on almost every person in the world. Most people in the United States hear music in some form every day, and it isn’t a big deal. Or is it? How does participation and involvement in music-related activity impact a child’s development? Research done in the past shows that music benefits listening, social, and cognitive skills in young children, allowing them to grow and learn much easier through adolescence ...


Black Girlhood: Reshaping The Identity And Improving The Well-Being Of African American Girls, Karla La'toya Sapp Ed.D Mar 2017

Black Girlhood: Reshaping The Identity And Improving The Well-Being Of African American Girls, Karla La'toya Sapp Ed.D

National Youth-At-Risk Conference

The identity and overall well-being of African American girls tends to be influenced, both positively and negatively, by the following factors: mass media, gender roles, and environmental factors. Black Girlhood examines the identity development of African American girls utilizing the relational developmental systems theory framework. Black Girlhood also explores the role that mass media, gender roles, and environmental factors shape how African American girls view themselves, while providing interventions that can allow the reshaping of their identity and improvement in their overall well-being.


Bilingual Language Distance Predicts Dementia Rating, Morgan Owens Apr 2016

Bilingual Language Distance Predicts Dementia Rating, Morgan Owens

Scholars Week

This study explored the differences in the languages spoken by bilingual people may lead to differences in cognitive reserve and the progression of AD. Individuals who speak distant languages (e.g., a Romance and a Germanic language) will have a different linguistic experience than individuals who speak two near languages (e.g., two Romance languages). Knowledge of distant languages may provide speakers with a large set of cognitive tools (e.g., linguistic constructs, concepts, schemas) that could increase cognitive reserve. We hypothesized that greater language distance would predict lower dementia scores in a clinical AD population.A subset of the ...


The Dance Of Life: A Cognitive & Contextual Theory Of Adult Development, T. L. Brink Jun 2015

The Dance Of Life: A Cognitive & Contextual Theory Of Adult Development, T. L. Brink

T. L. Brink

Adult development cannot be conceptualized by stage theories, but involves numerous competing roles. Religion can be a force for resilience.


The Importance Of Treatment For Foster Youth, Lyl T. Cartagena Apr 2015

The Importance Of Treatment For Foster Youth, Lyl T. Cartagena

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

This presentation provides an overview of mental health interventions including highlights of their outcomes.The summary of the extant findings helps identify the strengths and deficits of what has been done, and supports a call for further research in order to change current methods of care provided along with developing an improved method of treatment for foster care youth.


Dr John Liebert Presentation, Dr John Liebert Oct 2014

Dr John Liebert Presentation, Dr John Liebert

National Security and Intelligence Symposium

No abstract provided.


What It Means To Be A Man: How Emerging Adult Black Gay And Bisexual Men Navigate Gender Norms, Justine A. Stallings, Caleb J. Banks, Sienna L. Willams, Erika J. Janke, Ja'nina J. Walker Ph.D. Apr 2014

What It Means To Be A Man: How Emerging Adult Black Gay And Bisexual Men Navigate Gender Norms, Justine A. Stallings, Caleb J. Banks, Sienna L. Willams, Erika J. Janke, Ja'nina J. Walker Ph.D.

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

Young Black men learn what it means to be a man from different sources, including family, church, school, and the media. Traditional views on masculinity can be difficult for men to adhere to if they do not identify with current gendered social constructions. The current study examined how Black gay and bisexual men navigate masculine ideologies instilled in them and interpret these expectations as emerging adults. Participants, 20 Black gay and bisexual men (Mage = 22.8, SD = 1.7) took part in a semi-structured qualitative interview examining their experiences with religion, sexuality, gender expectations, and HIV. Using grounded theory ...


Brief Multiple Stimulus Without Replacement Preference Assessment: Brief Mswo, Christina R. Weldy May 2012

Brief Multiple Stimulus Without Replacement Preference Assessment: Brief Mswo, Christina R. Weldy

Graduate Student Research

No abstract provided.


Promoting The Emotional Development Of Young Children On The Spectrum, Steven Glazier Ma May 2012

Promoting The Emotional Development Of Young Children On The Spectrum, Steven Glazier Ma

Annual Foundations Behavioral Health/La Salle University Autism Spectrum Disorders Conference

Neurobiological factors make it difficult for children on the spectrum to show and share their ideas, thoughts, and feelings. This can compromise their emotional development and social functioning. This workshop will highlight the challenges that our children face in this area and what we can do to support them.

This program is designed to help you…

1. Recognize the stages and themes of emotional development during the first 5 years of life.

2. Identify the special challenges children on the spectrum have in this process.

3. Learn specific strategies that caregivers and professionals can use to facilitate emotional development.

4 ...


Next Steps Into Adolescence: Supporting Parents & Caretakers Through Turbulent Times, Gail Stein Lsw, Acsw, Lisa Guy Phd, James E. Connell Phd, Debra L. Dunn Esq., Eron Friedlaender Md, Mph, Caitlin Rice May 2012

Next Steps Into Adolescence: Supporting Parents & Caretakers Through Turbulent Times, Gail Stein Lsw, Acsw, Lisa Guy Phd, James E. Connell Phd, Debra L. Dunn Esq., Eron Friedlaender Md, Mph, Caitlin Rice

Annual Foundations Behavioral Health/La Salle University Autism Spectrum Disorders Conference

This multimedia presentation will explore the impact of ASD on an already challenging part of development – adolescence. In particular, physical changes, brain development, co-morbid conditions (including anxiety, executive functioning difficulties, seizures, and sleep disorders), social relationships, sexuality, and transition issues will be discussed in addition to the support needs for parents.

This program is designed to help you…

1. Begin to understand the impact of adolescence on all individuals with and without an ASD diagnosis

2. Prepare for the physical, and emotional changes that can occur during this time period

3. Consider medical and emotional needs of the individual with ...


Free Operant Preference Assessment: Fo, Christina R. Weldy Apr 2012

Free Operant Preference Assessment: Fo, Christina R. Weldy

Graduate Student Research

No abstract provided.


Student Affairs Program Evaluation: A Factor Analytic Solution, Oscar T. Mcknight Jul 2011

Student Affairs Program Evaluation: A Factor Analytic Solution, Oscar T. Mcknight

Oscar T McKnight Ph.D.

This program and presentation addresses the use of factor analysis in program evaluation. Specific focus will highlight the development and selection of marker items. The goal is to label and interpret factors according to targeted questions of interest. Therefore, results are not only descriptive, but predictive - with practical application to student retention and satisfaction. Process is useful for benchmarking best practices; measuring student satisfaction and learning; tracking student participation; evaluating program results; determining future program or service needs; and, assessing effectiveness of delivered programs.


Basic Emotions And Early-Learned Verbs, Josita Maouene, Megumi Kuwabara, Daniel Freer, Linda B. Smith Mar 2011

Basic Emotions And Early-Learned Verbs, Josita Maouene, Megumi Kuwabara, Daniel Freer, Linda B. Smith

Dr. Josita C Maouene

The purpose of this study is to describe the relationships between 102 early-learned verbs and five basic emotions in 60 children raging from 2 to 6 years of age (min 32 mo, max 72 mo). While previous research centering on the embodiment perspective has investigated such components as body parts in verb meaning (Maouene, Hidaka & Smith, 2008), this study seeks to add basic emotions to the core meaning of verbs. At a threshold of 50% agreement, the results indicate a tie: 47.6% of the verbs were related to one main emotion and 49.5% to a pair of emotions ...


On The Bi-Directionality Of Verb Learning, Josita Maouene Mar 2011

On The Bi-Directionality Of Verb Learning, Josita Maouene

Dr. Josita C Maouene

No abstract provided.


Emerging Adults Perceptions Of Their Education And Life Experience, Alison M. Lafollette, Amber Ottaway, Noor Rosli, Christine Schulz, Linn Visscher, Rebecca Bardwell Mar 2010

Emerging Adults Perceptions Of Their Education And Life Experience, Alison M. Lafollette, Amber Ottaway, Noor Rosli, Christine Schulz, Linn Visscher, Rebecca Bardwell

Counselor Education and Counseling Psychology Research Exchange Conference

What is meant by a successful education or a well performing school? Most studies assessing the effectiveness of k-12 education look at variables such as graduation rates, standardized test scores and college matriculation. Few studies could be found that looked at post education life outcomes. Yet it is often stated that a public education system is to provide for a well informed electorate or an effective work force. We know that a strong academic foundation leads to better life outcomes, but precisely what is it in that education that contributes to a successful life? Emerging adults between the ages of ...


The New Millennium And Online Counseling: Ecological Practice, Concerns And Discussion, Oscar T. Mcknight Mar 2010

The New Millennium And Online Counseling: Ecological Practice, Concerns And Discussion, Oscar T. Mcknight

Oscar T McKnight Ph.D.

For counselors, the ecosystem is vast and encompassing; and professionals must understand the client in both context and time. This in and of itself is a daunting task; now, enter the New Millennium and on-line counseling. The Web is the poster child of interconnectivedness and interdependence of systems; however, is the Web bringing us closer or further apart? The Web is transforming society and potentially the ecological context of counseling. A review is necessary.


An Embodied Account Of Argument Structure Development, Josita Maouene, Nitya Sethuraman, Mounir Maouene, Linda B. Smith Feb 2010

An Embodied Account Of Argument Structure Development, Josita Maouene, Nitya Sethuraman, Mounir Maouene, Linda B. Smith

Dr. Josita C Maouene

No abstract provided.


The Massillon Academic Success Project: An Investigation Of How Disadvantaged African American Students Can Rise Above Barriers To Academic Achievement, Oscar T. Mcknight Oct 2007

The Massillon Academic Success Project: An Investigation Of How Disadvantaged African American Students Can Rise Above Barriers To Academic Achievement, Oscar T. Mcknight

Oscar T McKnight Ph.D.

No abstract provided.