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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Past, Present, And Future Of Ehealth And Mhealth Research To Improve Physical Activity And Dietary Behaviors, Corneel Vandelanotte, Andre Müller, Camille Short, Melanie Hingle, Nicole Nathan, Susan Williams, Michael Lopez, Sanjoti Parekh, Carol Maher Mar 2016

Past, Present, And Future Of Ehealth And Mhealth Research To Improve Physical Activity And Dietary Behaviors, Corneel Vandelanotte, Andre Müller, Camille Short, Melanie Hingle, Nicole Nathan, Susan Williams, Michael Lopez, Sanjoti Parekh, Carol Maher

Andre M Müller

Because physical inactivity and unhealthy diets are highly prevalent, there is a need for cost-effective interventions that can reach large populations. Electronic health (eHealth) and mobile health (mHealth) solutions have shown promising outcomes and have expanded rapidly in the past decade. The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the state of the evidence for the use of eHealth and mHealth in improving physical activity and nutrition behaviors in general and special populations. The role of theory in eHealth and mHealth interventions is addressed, as are methodological issues. Key recommendations for future research in the field of ...


The Role Of Conference Externalities And Other Factors In Determining The Annual Recruiting Rankings Of Football Bowl Subdivision (Fbs) Teams, Joshua Pitts, Brent Evans Jan 2016

The Role Of Conference Externalities And Other Factors In Determining The Annual Recruiting Rankings Of Football Bowl Subdivision (Fbs) Teams, Joshua Pitts, Brent Evans

Joshua Pitts

In this article, we analyse the impact of school, head coach and conference characteristics on a college football team’s annual recruiting ranking. Utilizing panel data collected from various sources covering 2002–2014, we find that measures of recent school success such as having winning seasons and finishing seasons ranked in the Associated Press (AP) top 25 poll have a positive impact on a team’s recruiting ranking. Similarly, schools with more successful head coaches tend to earn better recruiting classes, while schools facing bowl bans, scholarship restrictions and probation tend to earn worse recruiting classes. Various measures of conference ...


Acute Effects Of Whole-Body Vibration On Lower Extremity Muscle Performance In Persons With Multiple Sclerosis, Kurt Jackson, Harold Merriman, Paul Vanderburgh, C. Brahler Dec 2015

Acute Effects Of Whole-Body Vibration On Lower Extremity Muscle Performance In Persons With Multiple Sclerosis, Kurt Jackson, Harold Merriman, Paul Vanderburgh, C. Brahler

C. Jayne Brahler

Background and Purpose: Whole-body vibration (WBV) is a relatively new form of exercise training that may influence muscle performance. This study investigated the acute effects of high (26 Hz) and low (2 Hz) frequency WBV on isometric muscle torque of the quadriceps and hamstrings in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS).

Participants and Method: Fifteen individuals (mean age = 54.6 years, SD = 9.6) with MS and Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) scores ranging from 0-6.5 (mean = 4.2, SD = 2.3) participated in this randomized cross-over study. Following baseline measures of isometric quadricep and hamstring torque, subjects were exposed ...


Jimmie Crutchfield’S Baseball Life, James Keenan, Sheldon Cohen Dec 2015

Jimmie Crutchfield’S Baseball Life, James Keenan, Sheldon Cohen

James G. Keenan

Loyola faculty members in history and classical studies present research on the Negro Leagues in baseball.


Theorizing The Cultural Importance Of Play: Anthropological Approaches To Sports And Recreation Of Japan, Elise Edwards Sep 2015

Theorizing The Cultural Importance Of Play: Anthropological Approaches To Sports And Recreation Of Japan, Elise Edwards

Elise M. Edwards

Dr. Edwards' contribution to: Robertson, Jennifer Ellen. 2005. A Companion to the Anthropology of Japan. Blackwell companions to anthropology, 5. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub..


Validation Of A 5k Age And Weight Run Handicap Model, Paul Vanderburgh, Lloyd Laubach Mar 2015

Validation Of A 5k Age And Weight Run Handicap Model, Paul Vanderburgh, Lloyd Laubach

Lloyd L Laubach

Though increasing age and body weight (BW) have been widely known to be associated with slower distance run times, the common convention in 5K road races is to categorize competitors by age and, sometimes, BW. This has the disadvantage of assigning only small numbers of competitors to age categories and giving advantage to runners close to the minimum age or BW values allowable. Using recent advances in the modeling of distance run performance by BW combined with empirical evidence quantifying the independent effect of age on cardiovascular endurance, we previously published the derivation of the 5K Handicap (5KH), an age ...


Body Mass Bias In A Competition Of Muscle Strength And Aerobic Power, Paul Vanderburgh, Lloyd Laubach Mar 2015

Body Mass Bias In A Competition Of Muscle Strength And Aerobic Power, Paul Vanderburgh, Lloyd Laubach

Lloyd L Laubach

Recently, a fitness competition called the Pump and Run (PR) has been popularized. Composed of 2 events, a 5-km road race time (RT) in seconds and a maximal-repetition bench press (BPR) with resistance based on a percentage of body mass (M), the final score (RTadj) equals RT - 30(BPR). From published findings, the authors hypothesized that the PR would impose a bias against heavier competitors. Furthermore, the potential for age bias in this event has not been evaluated. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate M and age bias in the PR for men and women. For 74 ...


Body Mass Bias In Exercise Physiology, Paul Vanderburgh Mar 2015

Body Mass Bias In Exercise Physiology, Paul Vanderburgh

Paul M. Vanderburgh

In certain physically demanding occupations, especially the military, body mass bias has substantive implications. Work physiologists have determined that despite body mass bias in the common military physical fitness tests, the larger service members were often better performers of the physically demanding occupational tasks (Bilzon et al., 2002; Lyons et al., 2005; Rayson et al., 2000). That is, they could carry more, more easily evacuate casualties, and better engage in heavy materiel handling. Yet, the smaller personnel were achieving better scores on the physical fitness tests, the results of which have significant promotion and advancement implications (Vanderburgh & Mahar , 1995; Crowder & Yunker, 1996 ...


Comparison Of The Effect Of Caffeine Ingestion On Time To Exhaustion Between Endurance Trained And Untrained Men, Steven Porterfield, Jon Linderman, Lloyd Laubach, Corinne Daprano Feb 2015

Comparison Of The Effect Of Caffeine Ingestion On Time To Exhaustion Between Endurance Trained And Untrained Men, Steven Porterfield, Jon Linderman, Lloyd Laubach, Corinne Daprano

Lloyd L Laubach

This study compared the ergogenic effects of caffeine on men who were endurance trained to those who were untrained. The study was a double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover experimental design. Ten endurance trained men (mean age 24.4 ± 2.0 yrs, weight 79.4 ± 8.5 kg, predicted VO2 max 46.3 ± 1.8 mL·kg-1·min-1) and 10 untrained men (mean age 22.8 ± 1.9 yrs, weight 88.9 ± 9.9 kg, predicted VO2 max 37.6 ± 2.7 mL·kg-1·min-1) completed two cycle ergometer trials to exhaustion at 80% of their predicted workload max 30 min after ingesting ...


Fitness, Friendship, And Fun: University Sponsored Community Pe Program, Wendi Stanley, George De Marco, Lloyd Laubach, Corinne Daprano Feb 2015

Fitness, Friendship, And Fun: University Sponsored Community Pe Program, Wendi Stanley, George De Marco, Lloyd Laubach, Corinne Daprano

Lloyd L Laubach

This paper describes a University-sponsored community physical education program and the feedback received about it from teachers, children, and the college students who oversaw it. The program, called Fitness, Friendship, and Fun, was staffed by 65 first-year student interns from the University of Dayton; four graduate assistants; and two university professors. It began with 65 male and female elementary students, primarily from the fifth and sixth grades at a nearby elementary school.


Collaboration In Sport Research: A Case From The Field, Corinne Daprano, Jennifer Bruening, Donna Pastore, T. Greenwell, Marlene Dixon, Yong Ko, Jeremy Jordan, Sonja Lilienthal, Brian Turner Jan 2015

Collaboration In Sport Research: A Case From The Field, Corinne Daprano, Jennifer Bruening, Donna Pastore, T. Greenwell, Marlene Dixon, Yong Ko, Jeremy Jordan, Sonja Lilienthal, Brian Turner

Corinne M. Daprano

Faculty members mindful of the ticking tenure and promotion clock seek ways to balance the competing and sometimes overwhelming demands of research, teaching, and service. One way to balance these demands is to find opportunities for collaboration with colleagues, especially in research. There are several compelling reasons to pursue joint research projects with colleagues; however, collaboration can be challenging. This article discusses the benefits and challenges of working on collaborative research projects with colleagues from the same discipline as well as across disciplines.


Protecting Your Back: Weight Room Management, Peter Titlebaum, Gordon Rackley Jan 2015

Protecting Your Back: Weight Room Management, Peter Titlebaum, Gordon Rackley

Peter J. Titlebaum

Weight room supervision can be a formidable undertaking without the necessary preparations and precautions. Weight room supervisors are much like the Secret Service; that is, no matter what happens, if bad, it is the supervisor's fault. Risk management is more important now than at any point in history. The keys to preventing problems and creating an efficient weight room facility include a highly trained staff and a thoroughly detailed employee manual designed specifically for the weight room.


Hazing: What Ohio High School Teachers, Coaches And Administrators Need To Know, Corinne Daprano, Meghan Kenney, Peter Titlebaum, Michael Triola Jan 2015

Hazing: What Ohio High School Teachers, Coaches And Administrators Need To Know, Corinne Daprano, Meghan Kenney, Peter Titlebaum, Michael Triola

Peter J. Titlebaum

Once thought to be primarily an issue of concern for university fraternities and sororities, hazing has emerged as a disturbing trend with an increase in the number of incidents involving high school student athletes. High school coaches, athletic administrators, and teachers must understand that initiation rites of sport teams can sometimes spiral out of control with grave legal and financial consequences for student athletes and school officials. The purposes of this article are to:

  • Define hazing and review the history of anti-hazing legislation in the United States of America.
  • Describe hazing laws in the State of Ohio.
  • Review current research ...


Coubertin’S Corner: Teaching Sport Psychology Using Interactive Learning To Enhance The Student Experience, Alan Kornspan Sep 2014

Coubertin’S Corner: Teaching Sport Psychology Using Interactive Learning To Enhance The Student Experience, Alan Kornspan

Alan S Kornspan

No abstract provided.


They're Praying For The Worst. Is That Wrong?, Elizabeth Mcalister Jun 2014

They're Praying For The Worst. Is That Wrong?, Elizabeth Mcalister

Elizabeth McAlister

No abstract provided.


Periodization Of Training, Guy Haff Mar 2014

Periodization Of Training, Guy Haff

Greg Haff

Not available


Use Of Stability Balls In Strength And Conditioning, L Landow, Guy Haff Mar 2014

Use Of Stability Balls In Strength And Conditioning, L Landow, Guy Haff

Greg Haff

The use of stability ball training is controversial. Two authors below give opposing views as to the use of this training modality.


The Relationship Between Isometric Force-Time Curve Characteristics And Club Head Speed In Recreational Golfers, Brian K. Leary, Jason Statler, Brent Hopkins, Rachel Fitzwater, Tucker Kesling, Jacob Lyon, Brent Phillips, Randall Bryner, Prue Cormie, Guy Haff Mar 2014

The Relationship Between Isometric Force-Time Curve Characteristics And Club Head Speed In Recreational Golfers, Brian K. Leary, Jason Statler, Brent Hopkins, Rachel Fitzwater, Tucker Kesling, Jacob Lyon, Brent Phillips, Randall Bryner, Prue Cormie, Guy Haff

Greg Haff

The relationship between isometric force-time curve characteristics and club head speed in recreational golfers. J Strength Cond Res 26(10): 2685-2697, 2012-The primary purpose of the present investigation was to examine the relationships between club head speed, isometric midthigh pull performance, and vertical jump performance in a cohort of recreational golfers. Twelve recreational golfers (age, 20.4 ± 1.0 years; weight, 77.0 ± 9.8 kg; height, 177.8 ± 6.3 cm; body fat, 17.1 ± 7.6%; handicap, 14.5 ± 7.3; experience, 8.9 ± 3.6 years) completed 3 testing sessions: (a) familiarization session and body composition measurements ...


Resistance Training For Endurance Sports, Guy Haff, Stephanie Burgess Mar 2014

Resistance Training For Endurance Sports, Guy Haff, Stephanie Burgess

Greg Haff

Not available


Training Integration And Periodization, Guy Haff, Erin Haff Mar 2014

Training Integration And Periodization, Guy Haff, Erin Haff

Greg Haff

Not available


The Acute Effects Of Moderately Loaded Concentric-Only Quarter Squats On Vertical Jump Performance, Aaron Crum, Naoki Kawamori, Michael Stone, Guy Haff Mar 2014

The Acute Effects Of Moderately Loaded Concentric-Only Quarter Squats On Vertical Jump Performance, Aaron Crum, Naoki Kawamori, Michael Stone, Guy Haff

Greg Haff

2012-Limited research exists examining the effect of moderately loaded conditioning activities that are employed as part of a strength-power potentiating complex (SPPC). Additionally, no studies to date have explored the effects of using a concentric-only quarter back squat protocol as part of an SPPC. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a moderately loaded (50-65% of 1RM) concentric-only quarter back squat protocol on the occurrence of potentiation effects at various time points. Twenty men who could quarter back squat a minimum of 2.4 times their body mass (3.7 ±: 0.7 kg-per body mass ...


The Yo-Yo Ir2 Test: Physiological Response, Reliability, And Application To Elite Soccer, Lisa Oberacker, Shala Davis, Guy Haff, Chad Witmer, Gavin Moir Mar 2014

The Yo-Yo Ir2 Test: Physiological Response, Reliability, And Application To Elite Soccer, Lisa Oberacker, Shala Davis, Guy Haff, Chad Witmer, Gavin Moir

Greg Haff

The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of resistance training performed on either a stable or unstable surface on performance tests in female soccer players. Nineteen National Collegiate Athletic Association Division II female soccer players were assigned to either an unstable training group (UST: 19.0±0.47 years; 1.6966.4 m; 67.8±7.7kg) or a stable training group (ST: 19.6 ± 0.49 years; 1.64 ± 3.2 m; 62.7 ± 6.27 kg). Player positions were distributed evenly between the groups. Both the groups followed a 5-week periodized resistance training program designed ...


Training Principles For Power, Guy Haff, Sophia Nimphius Mar 2014

Training Principles For Power, Guy Haff, Sophia Nimphius

Greg Haff

The ability to express high power outputs is considered to be one of the foundational characteristics underlying successful performance in a variety of sporting activities, including jumping, throwing, and changing direction. Numerous training interventions have been recommended to enhance the athlete's ability to express high power outputs and improve their overall sports performance capacity. This brief review examines the factors that underlie the expression of power and various methods that can be used to maximize power development.


The Relationship Between Isometric Force-Time Curve Characteristics And Club Head Speed In Recreational Golfers, Brian K. Leary, Jason Statler, Brent Hopkins, Rachel Fitzwater, Tucker Kesling, Jacob Lyon, Brent Phillips, Randall Bryner, Prue Cormie, Guy Haff Mar 2014

The Relationship Between Isometric Force-Time Curve Characteristics And Club Head Speed In Recreational Golfers, Brian K. Leary, Jason Statler, Brent Hopkins, Rachel Fitzwater, Tucker Kesling, Jacob Lyon, Brent Phillips, Randall Bryner, Prue Cormie, Guy Haff

Prue Cormie

The relationship between isometric force-time curve characteristics and club head speed in recreational golfers. J Strength Cond Res 26(10): 2685-2697, 2012-The primary purpose of the present investigation was to examine the relationships between club head speed, isometric midthigh pull performance, and vertical jump performance in a cohort of recreational golfers. Twelve recreational golfers (age, 20.4 ± 1.0 years; weight, 77.0 ± 9.8 kg; height, 177.8 ± 6.3 cm; body fat, 17.1 ± 7.6%; handicap, 14.5 ± 7.3; experience, 8.9 ± 3.6 years) completed 3 testing sessions: (a) familiarization session and body composition measurements ...


Knee Angle-Specific Emg Normalization: The Use Of Polynomial Based Emg-Angle Relationships., Jacob Earp, Robert Newton, Prue Cormie, Anthony Blazevich Mar 2014

Knee Angle-Specific Emg Normalization: The Use Of Polynomial Based Emg-Angle Relationships., Jacob Earp, Robert Newton, Prue Cormie, Anthony Blazevich

Prue Cormie

The normalization of EMG signals to those recorded during a maximal voluntary contraction provides a valid construct for comparisons of relative muscle activity. However, the length dependence of muscle activation and purported, substantial, muscle translocation and changes in muscle architecture during dynamic movements presents a need for joint angle-dependent normalization processes. The purposes of the present study were to: (1) quantify variations in muscle activity across a large ROM, (2) determine the accuracy with which fitted EMG-joint angle curves accurately characterized these variations, and (3) compare peak (EMG-P) and average (EMG-A) EMG amplitudes obtained during a countermovement leg extension when ...


Factor Structure Of The Chinese Service Quality Assessment Scale, Siu-Yin Cheung, Eddie Lam, Jia-Wen Shao, Jennifer Mak Jan 2014

Factor Structure Of The Chinese Service Quality Assessment Scale, Siu-Yin Cheung, Eddie Lam, Jia-Wen Shao, Jennifer Mak

Jennifer Y Mak

The quality of service has been the major subject of interest for business and academia. The aims of this study were to investigate the service quality of fitness clubs in Hong Kong and Guangzhou and to examine the underlying factor structure of the Service Quality Assessment Scale (SQAS; Lam, Zhang, & Jensen, 2005) in the Chinese context.


Finding Strength(S): Insights On Canadian Aboriginal Physical Cultural Practices., Victoria Paraschak, Kristi Thompson Dec 2013

Finding Strength(S): Insights On Canadian Aboriginal Physical Cultural Practices., Victoria Paraschak, Kristi Thompson

Kristi Anne Thompson

In this exploratory paper, we used a strengths perspective to identify potential strengths linked to Aboriginal peoples' physical cultural practices in Canada. We drew on the principle that all individuals have strengths, which is the starting point for a strengths perspective analysis. Our methodology included a review of national survey data and government documents to identify potential strengths – positive qualities expressed by Aboriginal peoples that contribute towards their physical activity practices. Potential Aboriginal strengths were derived from national policies addressing Aboriginal physical activity practices, workshop and government reports incorporating Aboriginal perspectives on their physical activity practices, research examining Aboriginal physical ...


Contributions To Sport Psychology: Walter R. Miles And The Early Studies On The Motor Skill Abilities Of Athletes, Alan Kornspan Dec 2013

Contributions To Sport Psychology: Walter R. Miles And The Early Studies On The Motor Skill Abilities Of Athletes, Alan Kornspan

Alan S Kornspan

This article provides an overview of Walter R. Miles work related to the psychology of sport and physical activity.


Examining Sport Management Programs In The United States, D. Jones, Dana Brooks, Jennifer Mak Jul 2013

Examining Sport Management Programs In The United States, D. Jones, Dana Brooks, Jennifer Mak

Jennifer Y Mak

Analysis of sport management programs is important for potential students as well as for the future development of sport management as an academic discipline. The historical evolution of sport management programs in the United States moved from the physical education model to a more business-oriented curriculum. Given this historical development, debate exists among sport management professionals regarding administrative housing of current and future sport management programs. The purposes of this study were to: (1) Provide an overview of the development of U.S. sport management programs, (2) Provide a snapshot of sport management programs including admissions requirements and faculty profiles ...


Sport For Development And Peace, Brandon W. Youker Ph.D Feb 2013

Sport For Development And Peace, Brandon W. Youker Ph.D

Brandon W. Youker Ph.D

The discussion will begin with a brief introduction to Sport for Peace and Development (SPD) philosophies and programs. SPD refers to the intentional use of sports, physical activity, and play to attain non-sports objectives. Although SPD often refers to programs that are international in scope, our panelists will be asked to discuss the application of SPD locally. Representation from the following agencies in no particular order are as follows: West Michigan Miracle League, YMCA, Ann Arbor Street Soccer Project, GRAND C.I.T.Y., and Grand Valley State Universities Volleyball program. This panel discussion was sponsored by Grand Valley State ...