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Sociology

2005

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1119

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Sea Grant International: Extending The Model Of Applied Research, Extension/Outreach To Foreign Countries, Matthew Wilburn King, Dosoo Jang, Jill Hepp, Janelle Bruce Dec 2005

Sea Grant International: Extending The Model Of Applied Research, Extension/Outreach To Foreign Countries, Matthew Wilburn King, Dosoo Jang, Jill Hepp, Janelle Bruce

Matthew Wilburn King PhD

NOAA Research’s Office of International Activities and the National Sea Grant Office are extending the Sea Grant model to other countries. The National Sea Grant College Program is a proven, effective model to engage universities and government agencies acting in partnership to promote research, education and outreach/extension related to marine issues. Through network contacts at 30 universities and research institutes and the NOAA National Sea Grant Office, individual Sea Grant programs stay connected to issues at a national level while being responsive to local level needs. Because the Sea Grant model is inherently flexible — both culturally and administratively ...


Take Pride In America In Southern Nevada: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2005

Take Pride In America In Southern Nevada: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees

Anti-littering Programs

  • Messaging campaign proposal approved by the federal Land Managers.
  • Invitations sent to potential Community Steering Committee members.
  • Project Manager Doug Joslin appointed to new county-wide Southern Nevada Recycling Advisory Committee.
  • Four public service announcements produced by UNLV students.
  • Contract with the Nevada Division of Forestry (NDF) in progress for prison crew site clean-ups.
  • Plan for agency requests for additional dumpsters and/or roll-offs approved by team.


Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships -- Interagency Volunteer Program & Cooperative Conservation Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2005

Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships -- Interagency Volunteer Program & Cooperative Conservation Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees

Get Outdoors Nevada

  • Database now contains 1,807 records, a 15% increase over the last quarter.
  • Website activity increased, recording an average of 38,399 hits per month, with an average of 3,537 pages viewed per month.
  • Inaugural interagency volunteer recognition event held October 28, 2005.
  • Interagency training program (phase 1) scheduled for February 2006 (four sessions).
  • Alternative Workforce Survey completed and delivered to National Park Service.


Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships: Cultural Site Stewardship Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2005

Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships: Cultural Site Stewardship Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2005, Margaret N. Rees

Cultural Site Stewardship Program

  • Active stewards in the program now total 169, an increase of 497% since December 2004.
  • 11 additional major cultural site impacts resulting in measurable damages reported this quarter. Four additional impacts with somewhat lesser significance also reported in the quarter. Total impacts since December 2004 total 36 major and 12 less significant.
  • 2006 monitoring plan for Gold Butte implemented.
  • Training class on Southern Nevada Pre-history presented to 41 site stewards.


A Bloody Tradition: Ethnic Cleansing In World War Ii Yugoslavia, Paul Bookbinder Dec 2005

A Bloody Tradition: Ethnic Cleansing In World War Ii Yugoslavia, Paul Bookbinder

New England Journal of Public Policy

When World War II began, a climate for mass violence already existed. The author examines the history of ethnic cleansing, cultural cleansing, mass murder, and genocide in Yugoslavia – Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia-Hertzegovena, and Kosovo – and finds that the historical atrocities are alive in active memory today. With a new awareness of the consequences of ethnic hatred, people can study their own histories cleansed of myth and nationalist delusions so that wars that unleash ethnic violence can be stopped before these excesses erupt.


Genocide: What Do We Want It To Be?, Alan A. Ryan Jr. Dec 2005

Genocide: What Do We Want It To Be?, Alan A. Ryan Jr.

New England Journal of Public Policy

The definition of genocide in the Genocide Convention has been universally accepted, in the statutes of the ad hoc international tribunals and the International Criminal Court, but it conceals a host of ambiguities. Sociologists, political scientists, and others have not devised any legally adequate substitute. This article proposes a non-linear definition of genocide, that is, a definition that takes into account the presence or absence of several factors, rather than one that attempts to generalize the crime of genocide. It disregards the motives or objectives of the perpetrator, sheds the secondary phenomena that often accompany genocide (such as dehumanization of ...


Peace-Building In An Inseparable World, Jonathan Moore Dec 2005

Peace-Building In An Inseparable World, Jonathan Moore

New England Journal of Public Policy

Our world is increasingly divided between the haves and the have nots, and the gap between these two is growing. Despite this, with all of its riches, the United States remains disconnected. A poor country in the aftermath of war is a microcosm of the world at large. Given the prodigious problems of the failed and failing nations discussed here -- Afghanistan, Cambodia, East Timor, Haiti, Iraq, Kosovo, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sri Lanka, Somalia -- the tendency is to deny the enormity of the task and to treat the problem superficially and peremptorily rather than to attack its root causes. The United Nations ...


Facs 170 Introduction To Early Care And Education: A Three Year Analysis And Peer Review Of College Teaching/Learning, Toni Hill-Menson, Carolyn P. Edwards Dec 2005

Facs 170 Introduction To Early Care And Education: A Three Year Analysis And Peer Review Of College Teaching/Learning, Toni Hill-Menson, Carolyn P. Edwards

Faculty Publications, Department of Child, Youth, and Family Studies

I. Peer Review of Teaching Project This project provides a way for college faculty to work with others in a supportive context to document and reflect on both the quantity and quality of student learning. Faculty members work in groups of 3-5 for a semester or year to support each other's exploration of not only what students learn but also how they learn, for a particular selected course. Personal goals: To improve teaching delivery and teaching methods for the enhancement of student learning and student professional development.

II. UNL's Peer Review Process The purpose is to improve college ...


The Impact Of Participation In The Johnson City, Tn Citizen's Police Academy., Angela Elkins Dec 2005

The Impact Of Participation In The Johnson City, Tn Citizen's Police Academy., Angela Elkins

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A Citizen's Police Academy allows citizens to attend the police academy to learn more about police departments and police work. While increasing in popularity, very little research has focused on participant impact. This study examines the impact of the Johnson City CPA on participants' attitudes and beliefs about police work. Surveys were analyzed to discover differences in age, education levels, gender and prior interest in police work concerning satisfaction, importance of training, and behavior change. Older respondents reported the most benefit from participation, while younger respondents were more likely to change their behaviors. Those with mid level educations gained ...


Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Vol. 81, No. 24, Wku Student Affairs Dec 2005

Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Vol. 81, No. 24, Wku Student Affairs

WKU Archives Records

WKU campus newspaper reporting campus, athletic and Bowling Green, Kentucky news. Articles in this issue:

  • Coulter, Amber. Campus Becomes More Pedestrian-friendly
  • McNamara, Andrew. Student Robbed at Knifepoint; Investigation Ongoing – Stacy Sturgeon
  • Brandenburg, Katie. Students Abusing ADHD Meds
  • Fontana, Alex. Student Government Association Approves Less Legislation This Semester
  • Caudle, Leah. Activities to Ease Final Exam Anxiety
  • It’s GIFT Time . . .
  • Hopkins, Shawntaye. The Herald is Revenue Independent from Western; Staff Screens All Ads
  • Paul, Corey. Program Teaches Kwanzaa to Students
  • Fontana, Alex. Jeanne Johnson Elected New Speaker of the Senate – Student Government Association
  • Richardson, Kelly. Hurricane Katrina Victims to Return Home ...


How Coming To Terms With Difficulties In The Family Of Origin Positively Influences Adult Children's Relationship/Marital Quality, Vjollca Kadi Martinson Dec 2005

How Coming To Terms With Difficulties In The Family Of Origin Positively Influences Adult Children's Relationship/Marital Quality, Vjollca Kadi Martinson

Theses and Dissertations

Decades of research have shown that family-of-origin experiences are generally important predictors of individuals' later relationship/marital quality. On average, the healthier these experiences are, the healthier adult children's relationships and marriages tend to be. The focus of this study was to investigate how coming to terms with difficulties experienced in the family of origin may enhance adult children's ability to create high quality relationships and marriages. The study employed a sample of 6423 U.S. couples, 18-45 years old, who were dating, cohabitating, engaged or married. This study showed that individuals in couple relationships who reported healthier ...


Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Vol. 81, No. 23, Wku Student Affairs Dec 2005

Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Vol. 81, No. 23, Wku Student Affairs

WKU Archives Records

WKU campus newspaper reporting campus, athletic and Bowling Green, Kentucky news. Articles in this issue:

  • Leslie, Joey. More Students Tested During AIDS Day
  • Hupman, Samantha. J-term More Popular than Anticipated
  • Fontana, Alex. Student Government Association Proposes New Bicycles for Police
  • Bosken, Nina. Students Dodge, Duck, Dive for Charity and Prizes – Special Olympics
  • Richardson, Kelly. Kentucky Community Technical College System Requests Funding – KCTCS
  • Taking the Next Step – Cultural Diversity
  • Eoff, Allison. Pass on Adderall
  • Gabler, R. XXX Ads Disappointing
  • Williams, Suzanne. A Woman’s Heart
  • Hupman, Samantha. Two Fights Reported on Hill
  • Paul, Corey. Kwanzaa to Be Celebrated Today
  • Green, Tavia ...


Who Is Listening To Local Communities? Connections Between Chicago Region Community-Based Organizations And Regional, State, And National Policy Initiatives, Center For Urban Research And Learning, Philip Nyden, Nathan Benefield, Maureen Hellwig Dec 2005

Who Is Listening To Local Communities? Connections Between Chicago Region Community-Based Organizations And Regional, State, And National Policy Initiatives, Center For Urban Research And Learning, Philip Nyden, Nathan Benefield, Maureen Hellwig

Center for Urban Research and Learning: Publications and Other Works

As the Chicago metropolitan area continues to grow, a number of plans have been authored by a variety of regional civic organizations. “Regional equity” and “smart growth” have been suggested as organizing principles in some, while economic growth and public revenues have been the focus of others. However, the ongoing role of local community voices in past, present, and future plans is a critical matter. The extent to which future direction of our city and suburbs is informed by local needs partially hinges on the integration of local communities in regional policy debates on both comprehensive plans and specific policy ...


Lessons Of The Civil Rights Movement For A Workers Rights Movement, Aldon Morris, Dan Clawson Dec 2005

Lessons Of The Civil Rights Movement For A Workers Rights Movement, Aldon Morris, Dan Clawson

Dan Clawson

In 1955, African Americans in the South faced seemingly impossible conditions, but a decade later, a mass movement had won impressive victories. If workers and unions hope to achieve fundamental changes, not just incremental advances, they should learn from the civil rights movement. The civil rights movement indicates that workers’ rights can be won only if workers launch a mass movement, take risks, engage in direct action, demonstrate an ability to disrupt the normal functioning of society, and maintain that disruption until concessions are won. Political change, legal victories, cultural shifts, and media coverage followed from, and depended on, the ...


Lessons Of The Civil Rights Movement For Building A Worker Rights Movement, Aldon Morris, Dan Clawson Dec 2005

Lessons Of The Civil Rights Movement For Building A Worker Rights Movement, Aldon Morris, Dan Clawson

Dan Clawson

In 1955, African Americans in the South faced seemingly impossible conditions, but a decade later, a mass movement had won impressive victories. If workers and unions hope to achieve fundamental changes, not just incremental advances, they should learn from the civil rights movement. The civil rights movement indicates that workers’ rights can be won only if workers launch a mass movement, take risks, engage in direct action, demonstrate an ability to disrupt the normal functioning of society, and maintain that disruption until concessions are won. Political change, legal victories, cultural shifts, and media coverage followed from, and depended on, the ...


Perspectives On Self-Immolation Experiences Among Uzbek Women, Elizabeth Ann Campbell Dec 2005

Perspectives On Self-Immolation Experiences Among Uzbek Women, Elizabeth Ann Campbell

Doctoral Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the motivation of Uzbek women who committed acts of self-immolation and survived. The study examined the role of the religion and culture of Islam, whether the act of self-immolation was a suicide attempt or an act of protest, and whether the use of fire had some symbolic significance. Self-immolation, or deliberate self-burning, is increasingly becoming a cause of death and disability among young Muslim women in the Middle East andCentral Asia. However, little is known about this phenomenon.

This was a qualitative, bounded case study, which used a blended model of case ...


Immigrant Entrepreneurs And Neighborhood Revitalization: Studies Of The Allston Village, East Boston And Fields Corner Neighborhoods In Boston, Ramon Borges-Mendez, Michael Liu, Paul Watanabe Dec 2005

Immigrant Entrepreneurs And Neighborhood Revitalization: Studies Of The Allston Village, East Boston And Fields Corner Neighborhoods In Boston, Ramon Borges-Mendez, Michael Liu, Paul Watanabe

Institute for Asian American Studies Publications

Although somewhat later than other major urban areas, Boston has been experiencing fundamental demographic changes. The 2000 Census reported that for the first time non-Hispanic whites constitute a minority of the city’s population. Subsequent Census estimates confirm an even stronger trend toward a rapidly diversifying population.

Immigration has been a major factor in this growth and diversification. A recent report shows that over the last 15 years more than 22,000 new immigrants have annually settled in Massachusetts. The foreign-born as a percentage of the population has grown from 9.4 percent in 1980 to 14.3 percent in ...


Variation In Life History And Behavioral Traits In The Colonial Spider Parawixia Bistriata (Araneidae): Some Adaptive Responses To Different Environments, María Florencia Fernández Campón Dec 2005

Variation In Life History And Behavioral Traits In The Colonial Spider Parawixia Bistriata (Araneidae): Some Adaptive Responses To Different Environments, María Florencia Fernández Campón

Doctoral Dissertations

Widely distributed species are exposed to different environmental forces throughout their range. As a response to differences in local environmental conditions, these species are expected to present geographic variation in phenotypic traits (e.g., behavioral, physiological, anatomical) in order to better adapt to these conditions. Parawixia bistriata (Araneidae) is a colonial spider distributed in a variety of habitats in South America. This species is unusual in two respects: contrary to most social species found in tropical wet forests, P. bistriata’s distribution extends from tropical to temperate latitudes; and it exhibits facultative group foraging, a behavioral pattern absent in territorial ...


How The Justice System Responds To Juvenile Victims: A Comprehensive Model., David Finkelhor, Theodore P. Cross, Elise N. Cantor Dec 2005

How The Justice System Responds To Juvenile Victims: A Comprehensive Model., David Finkelhor, Theodore P. Cross, Elise N. Cantor

Crimes Against Children Research Center

The justice system handles thousands of cases involving juvenile victims each year. These victims are served by a complex set of agencies and institutions, including police, prosecutors, courts, and child protection agencies. Despite the many cases involving juvenile victims and the structure in place for responding to them, the juvenile victim justice system model presented in this Bulletin is a new concept. Although the juvenile victim justice system has a distinct structure and sequence, its operation is not very well understood. Unlike the more familiar juvenile offender justice system, the juvenile victim justice system has not been conceptualized as a ...


Rural Land-Use Trends In The Conterminous United States, 1950-2000., Kenneth M. Johnson, Daniel G. Brown, Thomas R. Loveland, David M. Theobald Dec 2005

Rural Land-Use Trends In The Conterminous United States, 1950-2000., Kenneth M. Johnson, Daniel G. Brown, Thomas R. Loveland, David M. Theobald

Sociology Scholarship

In order to understand the magnitude, direction, and geographic distribution of land-use changes, we evaluated land-use trends in U.S. counties during the latter half of the 20th century. Our paper synthesizes the dominant spatial and temporal trends in population, agriculture, and urbanized land uses, using a variety of data sources and an ecoregion classification as a frame of reference. A combination of increasing attractiveness of nonmetropolitan areas in the period 1970–2000, decreasing household size, and decreasing density of settlement has resulted in important trends in the patterns of developed land. By 2000, the area of low-density, exurban development ...


Elder Abuse: More Is Expected Unless Society And Newspapers Intervene, Betty Lou Guckian Dec 2005

Elder Abuse: More Is Expected Unless Society And Newspapers Intervene, Betty Lou Guckian

Theses & Dissertations

Elder abuse is a social illness of epidemic proportions in the United States and older Americans constitute one of the largest age groups in the nation. Ironically, there exists no comprehensive scientific study on the national incidence or prevalence of elder abuse in both institutional and domestic settings. However, state-based studies conducted over more than two decades show rampant elder abuse is a fact. Many factors contribute to the lack of research on a national scale including victims' underreporting of abuse for fear of retaliation. Lack of strong federal oversight of inconsistent, state-based laws and investigative procedures as well as ...


Diversity And Structure Of Intergenerational Relationships: Elderly Parent–Adult Child Relations In Korea, Keong-Suk Park, Voonchin Phua, James Mcnally, Rongjun Sun Dec 2005

Diversity And Structure Of Intergenerational Relationships: Elderly Parent–Adult Child Relations In Korea, Keong-Suk Park, Voonchin Phua, James Mcnally, Rongjun Sun

Sociology & Criminology Faculty Publications

Korean society has undergone a rapid demographic transition that has challenged traditional patterns of family exchanges. The structure and directions of support flows have become more complex as multiple generations coexist. This article examines the complexity of contemporary Korean intergenerational relationships. The study analyzed two different samples to address anticipated differences in perceptions of and attitudes toward relationships between adult children and elderly parents. The researchers used maximum likelihood latent structure analysis to discover the latent patterns of the association among three main subdimensions of intergenerational relationships: geographic proximity, exchange of support, and cultural norms of family support. Results show ...


Inside Unlv, Lanelda Rolley, Shane Bevell, Carol C. Harter, Lanelda Rolley, Mamie Peers, Diane Russell Dec 2005

Inside Unlv, Lanelda Rolley, Shane Bevell, Carol C. Harter, Lanelda Rolley, Mamie Peers, Diane Russell

Inside UNLV

No abstract provided.


“Texts Memorized, Texts Performed: A Reconsideration Of The Role Of Paritta In Sri Lankan Monastic Education.”, Jeffrey Samuels Dec 2005

“Texts Memorized, Texts Performed: A Reconsideration Of The Role Of Paritta In Sri Lankan Monastic Education.”, Jeffrey Samuels

Philosophy & Religion Faculty Publications

During the past twenty years there has been a growing interest in monastic education within the larger field of Buddhist studies. Within the last ten years in particular, a number of monographs and articles examining the training and education of monks in Korea (Buswell [1992]), Tibet/India (Dreyfus [2003]), Thailand/Laos (Collins [1990], McDaniel [2002, 2003]), and Sri Lanka (Blackburn [1999a, 1999b, 2001] Samuels [2002]), have been published. Many of those works have paid particular attention to the texts used in monastic training, as well as to how the information contained in those very texts is imparted to and embodied ...


Cultural Commentary: Ted, Terrell And Angie And The Limits Of Sociopathy, William C. Levin Dec 2005

Cultural Commentary: Ted, Terrell And Angie And The Limits Of Sociopathy, William C. Levin

Bridgewater Review

No abstract provided.


Le Français D’Origine Maghrébine Face Au Prisme Médiatique, Hassiba Lassoued Dec 2005

Le Français D’Origine Maghrébine Face Au Prisme Médiatique, Hassiba Lassoued

Présence Francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littérature

Whether we admit it or not, the mass media manipulates the masses. This fact proves to be especially dangerous in the context of French people of Maghrebian origin. The media presents them as either incapable of being “assimilated” or as models of integration. At any rate, there seems to be no middle ground between these two extremes.


A Gap In The Literature: The Influence Of The Design, Operations, And Marketing Of Student Aid Programs On College-Going Plans And Behaviors, Laura W. Perna Dec 2005

A Gap In The Literature: The Influence Of The Design, Operations, And Marketing Of Student Aid Programs On College-Going Plans And Behaviors, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

This article describes what is known from prior research about the impact of student financial aid program design, operations, and marketing on the formation of family (including parents’ and children’s) college-going aspirations, expectations, and plans, and the resulting college-going behaviors of potential students. The review focuses on the experiences of lower-income, minority, and potential first-generation college students.


World Aids Day 2005 Dec 2005

World Aids Day 2005

Diversity Programs

Programs in Honor of World AIDS Day, December 2005.


Enclave In A Small Town: The Irish In Norwood, Massachusetts, Patricia J. Fanning Dec 2005

Enclave In A Small Town: The Irish In Norwood, Massachusetts, Patricia J. Fanning

Bridgewater Review

No abstract provided.


Narrating Single Motherhood: What Does It Mean To Be A Single Mother?, Brandee Rutherford Mathews Dec 2005

Narrating Single Motherhood: What Does It Mean To Be A Single Mother?, Brandee Rutherford Mathews

Masters Theses

Status transitions such as divorce challenge those who undergo them to revise or reformulate identities lined to statuses no longer held. This study focuses on the identity work of recently divorced mothers of dependent children. Participants were solicited from those attending a “singles’ group” designed for adults with children sponsored by a large evangelical church located in the southeast. The women’s identity work occurred within a religious context that emphasized the desirability and sanctity of marriage. The researcher both participated in the group and conducted phone interviews with eleven of the mothers in the group. Identity ambiguity and identity ...