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2005

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Articles 1 - 30 of 511

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Results Of The Alcoa Foundation-Suriname Expeditions. Xiv. Mammals Of Brownsberg Nature Park, Suriname, Burton K. Lim, Mark D. Engstrom, Hugh H. Genoways, François M. Catzeflis, Kelly A. Fitzgerald, Sandra L. Peters, Marijem Djosetro, Sandra Brandon, Sutrisno Mitro Dec 2005

Results Of The Alcoa Foundation-Suriname Expeditions. Xiv. Mammals Of Brownsberg Nature Park, Suriname, Burton K. Lim, Mark D. Engstrom, Hugh H. Genoways, François M. Catzeflis, Kelly A. Fitzgerald, Sandra L. Peters, Marijem Djosetro, Sandra Brandon, Sutrisno Mitro

Mammalogy Papers: University of Nebraska State Museum

An inventory of mammals in the vicinity of Brownsberg Nature Park, Suriname, incorporated a number of different sampling methods including examining museum voucher specimens, an animal-rescue operation, transect surveys, camera photo-traps, and interviews with local inhabitants. We document a total of 125 mammal species present in the Park. These include ten opossums, five pilosans, four armadillos, 58 bats, eight monkeys, 13 carnivores, one tapir, four artiodactyls, and 22 rodents. Nine of these species are reported for the first time from Suriname: one mouse opossum (Marmosops pinheiroi); one naked-backed moustached bat (Pteronotus gymnonotus); four fruit-eating bats (Artibeus bogotensis, A. gnomus, A ...


Measurements Of Trace Gas Emissions From Australian Forest Fires And Correlations With Coincident Measurements Of Aerosol Optical Depth, Clare Paton-Walsh, N. B. Jones, Stephen R. Wilson, V Haverd, A. Meier, D. W. Griffith Dec 2005

Measurements Of Trace Gas Emissions From Australian Forest Fires And Correlations With Coincident Measurements Of Aerosol Optical Depth, Clare Paton-Walsh, N. B. Jones, Stephen R. Wilson, V Haverd, A. Meier, D. W. Griffith

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

We present vertically integrated measurements of C2H2, C2H4, C2H6, HCOOH, CO, H2CO, HCN and NH3 through smoke plumes from Australian forest fires measured by ground-based solar absorption spectroscopy. The column amounts of these gases are highly correlated with simultaneous, co-located measurements of aerosol optical depth, providing a potential method of mapping biomass-burning emissions using satellite measurements of aerosol optical depth. We have calculated emission ratios relative to CO for the trace gases using aerosol optical depth as a proxy for CO and converted to emission factors by using an average emission factor for CO from literature measurements of extra-tropical forest ...


Index To Volume 16, Nos. 1-24, Agricultural Law Digest Dec 2005

Index To Volume 16, Nos. 1-24, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


"Cashing Out" With Related Party Exchanges, Neil E. Harl Dec 2005

"Cashing Out" With Related Party Exchanges, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

The hazards with related party exchanges under the like-kind exchange rules1 are well-known. If, within two years of a like-kind exchange of property with a related person, the related person disposes of the property or the taxpayer disposes of the property, the gain is recognized.2 The like-kind exchange rules recognize three exceptions to the two-year disposition rule – (1) dispositions involving the death of the taxpayer or the related person; (2) dispositions involving a compulsory or involuntary conversion; and (3) where the Internal Revenue Service is satisfied that avoidance of federal income tax is not a principal purpose of ...


Living With Trees – Perspectives From The Suburbs, Lesley M. Head, Pat Muir Dec 2005

Living With Trees – Perspectives From The Suburbs, Lesley M. Head, Pat Muir

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

A study of suburban backyards and backyarders in Sydney and Wollongong revealed evidence of attitudes and behaviours in relation to trees. Attitudes are characterised under themes that indicate conditions of tolerance and belonging. They include attachment/risk, order/freedom and nativeness/alienness. While love is common, high levels of suspicion and intolerance towards trees in the suburban context are more common. Our findings confirm and throw further light on previous work indicating that many Australians have very partitioned views of the world in relationto where humans and nonhuman lifeforms belong. This partitioning must be understood in conceptual as well as ...


Exchanging Fractional Interests In Property, Neil E. Harl Dec 2005

Exchanging Fractional Interests In Property, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

For years, since 1984,1 interests in a partnership have been considered ineligible for like-kind exchange treatment.2 A partnership can, of course, exchange assets with another individual or entity but partnership interests are not like-kind.3 In 1997, the Internal Revenue Service ruled that, in some circumstances, fractional interests in otherwise eligible property may be deemed a partnership with the result that the exchange is not like-kind.4 That development produced an outcry from taxpayers and tax practitioners with IRS agreeing to study whether undivided fractional interests should be considered eligible for like-kind exchange treatment.5


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Dec 2005

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


The Regulatory Choice Between A Label And A Minimum-Quality Standard, Stéphan Marette Dec 2005

The Regulatory Choice Between A Label And A Minimum-Quality Standard, Stéphan Marette

CARD Working Papers

This paper revisits the issue of the regulatory choice between a mandatory label and a minimum-quality standard. When the cost of regulation is relatively low, we show that the socially optimal choice depends on the producers' cost structure for complying with regulation and improving quality. Under a marginal cost for improving quality, the mandatory labeling is sufficient for reaching the socially optimal level of quality. Under a fixed cost for improving quality, we show that each instrument or the combination of both instruments may emerge at the equilibrium.


Assessing Consumers' Valuation Of Cosmetically Damaged Apples Using A Mixed Probit Model, Chengyan Yue, Helen H. Jensen, Daren S. Mueller, Gail R. Nonnecke, Mark L. Gleason Dec 2005

Assessing Consumers' Valuation Of Cosmetically Damaged Apples Using A Mixed Probit Model, Chengyan Yue, Helen H. Jensen, Daren S. Mueller, Gail R. Nonnecke, Mark L. Gleason

CARD Working Papers

A mixed probit model was applied to survey data to analyzeconsumers’willingnessto buy apples with cosmetic damage caused by the sooty blotch and flyspeck (SBFS) disease complex. The analysis finds consumers will pay a premium for organic production methods and for apples with low amounts of SBFS damage. Behavioral variables such as experience in growing fruit significantly affect the willingness to buy applesofdifferentdamagelevels.Consumers’toleranceofveryblemishedapplesis limited and they trade off production technology attributes for cosmetic appearance. Better understanding of this trade-offisimportanttoorganicproducers’decisionsabout disease control.


U.S. Proposal For Wto Agriculture Negotiations: Its Impact On U.S. And World Agriculture, Food And Agricultural Policy Research Institute Dec 2005

U.S. Proposal For Wto Agriculture Negotiations: Its Impact On U.S. And World Agriculture, Food And Agricultural Policy Research Institute

CARD Working Papers

Senator Chambliss, chair of the U.S. Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, asked the Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) to analyze the latest U.S. proposal to the Doha round of WTO negotiations (see Appendix 1, U.S. Proposal for WTO Agriculture Negotiations, USTR, October 10, 2005). While the U.S. proposal provides many concrete steps to reduce farm support and trade distortions, it does not provide all necessary information for quantitative analysis of the proposal. FAPRI, through consultations with economists and staffers of the U.S. Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry, Office of ...


Behavioral Incentives, Equilibrium Endemic Disease, And Health Management Policy For Farmed Animals, David A. Hennessy Dec 2005

Behavioral Incentives, Equilibrium Endemic Disease, And Health Management Policy For Farmed Animals, David A. Hennessy

CARD Working Papers

We develop a dynamic capital valuation model in which each farm can take an action with farm-varying cost to increase the probability of not contracting a disease. In the presence of infection externalities, circumstances are identified under which multiple equilibria exist and where the one involving the most extensive set of action takers is socially optimal. It is suggested that costly capital markets are one factor in determining the extent of endemic disease in a region. The introduction of frictions, such as dealing with a cumbersome veterinary public health bureaucracy, can enhance social welfare by encouraging precautionary biosecurity actions. Some ...


Crop Insurance Decisions For 2006, William M. Edwards Dec 2005

Crop Insurance Decisions For 2006, William M. Edwards

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Several new types of crop insurance policies have been introduced in the last decade. Besides the traditional yield insurance, policies that guarantee a minimum level of gross revenue per acre are also available. Both yield and revenue assurance are available as group policies based on county yield results as well as for individual farm units. The various types of policies are summarized in Table l. Figures l and 2 illustrate the market share for each type of policy for insured corn and soybean acres in Iowa in 2005.


Fertilizer Costs And Crop Production In 2006, David Asbridge Dec 2005

Fertilizer Costs And Crop Production In 2006, David Asbridge

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

No abstract provided.


Regioselective Synthesis Of Novel E-Edge-[60]Fullerenylmethanodihydropyrroles And 1,2-Dihydromethano[60]Fullerenes, Leila Chaker, Graham E. Ball, James R. Williams, Glenn A. Burley, Bill C. Hawkins, Paul A. Keller, Stephen G. Pyne Dec 2005

Regioselective Synthesis Of Novel E-Edge-[60]Fullerenylmethanodihydropyrroles And 1,2-Dihydromethano[60]Fullerenes, Leila Chaker, Graham E. Ball, James R. Williams, Glenn A. Burley, Bill C. Hawkins, Paul A. Keller, Stephen G. Pyne

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Treatment of a tethered N-(diphenylmethylene)glycinate-malonate derivative with [60]fullerene under Bingel conditions yielded an e-edge-[60]fullerenylmethanodihydropyrrole adduct in a regioselective manner. The regiochemical outcome was independent of the order of addition of either the N-(diphenylmethylene)glycinate or the malonate moieties. This new bis-adduct was also prepared in 13C enriched form allowing for its unequivocal structural characterization by 2D INADEQUATE NMR experiments. Ring-opening of the dihydropyrrole functionality of the bisadducts under reductive conditions gave exclusively novel dihydromethano[60]fullerene derivatives.


Culture As Concept And Influence In Environmental Research And Management, Lesley M. Head, D. Trigger, J. Mulcock Dec 2005

Culture As Concept And Influence In Environmental Research And Management, Lesley M. Head, D. Trigger, J. Mulcock

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Given that human activities have been implicated in the vast majority of contemporary environmental problems, it might be expected that research effort into those activities and the attitudes from which they stem would be both strongly supported by funding agencies, and of central interest to environmental scientists and land managers. In this paper we focus on an undervalued area of environmental humanities research—cultural analysis of the beliefs, practices and often unarticulated assumptions which underlie human–environmental relations. In discussing how cultural processes are central to environmental attitudes and behaviours, and how qualitative research methods can be used to understand ...


Minerva 2005, The Honors College Dec 2005

Minerva 2005, The Honors College

Minerva

This issue of Minerva includes an article on the development of HON 170: Currents & Contexts; a discussion of the Honors College's "Last Lecture Series;" a reflection on the legacy of former Honors Program Director, Robert Thomson; and an article on the visual art found around the Honors College complex.


Demonstrating Dynamic Configuration And Execution Of Web Processes, Karthik Gomadam, Kunal Verma, Amit P. Sheth, John A. Miller Dec 2005

Demonstrating Dynamic Configuration And Execution Of Web Processes, Karthik Gomadam, Kunal Verma, Amit P. Sheth, John A. Miller

Kno.e.sis Publications

Web processes are next generation workflows on the web, created using Web services. In this paper we demonstrate the METEOR-S Configuration and Execution Environment (MCEE) system. It will illustrate the capabilities of the system to a) Discover partners b) Optimize partner selection using constraint analysis, c) Perform interaction protocol and data mediation. A graphical execution monitor to monitor the various phases of execution will be used to demonstrate various aspects of the system.


Openws-Transaction: Enabling Reliable Web Service Transactions, Ivan Vasquez, John A. Miller, Kunal Verma, Amit P. Sheth Dec 2005

Openws-Transaction: Enabling Reliable Web Service Transactions, Ivan Vasquez, John A. Miller, Kunal Verma, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

OpenWS-Transaction is an open source middleware that enables Web services to participate in a distributed transaction as prescribed by the WS-Coordination and WS-Transaction set of specifications. Central to the framework are the Coordinator and Participant entities, which can be integrated into existing services by introducing minimal changes to application code. OpenWS-Transaction allows transaction members to recover their original state in case of operational failure by leveraging techniques in logical logging and recovery at the application level. Depending on transaction style, system recovery may involve restoring key application variables and replaying uncommitted database activity. Transactions are assumed to be defined in ...


Discovering Informative Connection Subgraphs In Multi-Relational Graphs, Cartic Ramakrishnan, William Milnor, Matthew Perry, Amit P. Sheth Dec 2005

Discovering Informative Connection Subgraphs In Multi-Relational Graphs, Cartic Ramakrishnan, William Milnor, Matthew Perry, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

Discovering patterns in graphs has long been an area of interest. In most approaches to such pattern discovery either quantitative anomalies, frequency of substructure or maximum flow is used to measure the interestingness of a pattern. In this paper we introduce heuristics that guide a subgraph discovery algorithm away from banal paths towards more "informative" ones. Given an RDF graph a user might pose a question of the form: "What are the most relevant ways in which entity X is related to entity Y?" the response to which is a subgraph connecting X to Y. We use our heuristics to ...


How Costly Is It For Poor Farmers To Lift Themselves Out Of Subsistence, Laure C. Dutoit, Olivier Cadot, Marcelo Olarreaga Nov 2005

How Costly Is It For Poor Farmers To Lift Themselves Out Of Subsistence, Laure C. Dutoit, Olivier Cadot, Marcelo Olarreaga

Olivier Cadot

The main objective of this paper is to provide estimates of the cost of moving out of subsistence for Madagascar's farmers. The analysis is based on a simple asset-return model of occupational choice. Estimates suggest that the entry (sunk) cost associated with moving out of subsistence can be quite large---somewhere between 124 and 153 percent of a subsistence farmer's annual production. Our results make it possible to identify farm characteristics likely to generate large gains if moved out of subsistence, yielding useful information for the targeting of trade-adjustment assistance programs.


Ontoqa: Metric-Based Ontology Quality Analysis, Samir Tartir, I. Budak Arpinar, Michael Moore, Amit P. Sheth, Boanerges Aleman-Meza Nov 2005

Ontoqa: Metric-Based Ontology Quality Analysis, Samir Tartir, I. Budak Arpinar, Michael Moore, Amit P. Sheth, Boanerges Aleman-Meza

Kno.e.sis Publications

As the Semantic Web gains importance for sharing knowledge on the Internet this has lead to the development and publishing of many ontologies in different domains. When trying to reuse existing ontologies into their applications, users are faced with the problem of determining if an ontology is suitable for their needs. In this paper, we introduce OntoQA, an approach that analyzes ontology schemas and their populations (i.e. knowledgebases) and describes them through a well defined set of metrics. These metrics can highlight key characteristics of an ontology schema as well as its population and enable users to make an ...


Reporting Conservation Security Program Payments, Neil E. Harl Nov 2005

Reporting Conservation Security Program Payments, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

Budget cuts could reduce the funding for conservation programs in the next federal fiscal year, but the long-term outlook is relatively bright for funds in support of conservation.1 Pressure from the World Trade Organization to cut trade-distorting commodity programs means that the agricultural sector will have to be stabilized with funding through other channels, notably conservation. Thus, conservation programs are expected to become increasingly important channels for government funds to the sector.


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Nov 2005

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Evidence Of Reduced Measurement Uncertainties From An Ftir Instrument Intercomparison At Kiruna, Sweden, A. Meier, Clare Paton-Walsh, C. Bell, T. Blumenstock, F. Hase, A. Goldman, A. Steen, R. Kift, P. Woods, Y. Kondo Nov 2005

Evidence Of Reduced Measurement Uncertainties From An Ftir Instrument Intercomparison At Kiruna, Sweden, A. Meier, Clare Paton-Walsh, C. Bell, T. Blumenstock, F. Hase, A. Goldman, A. Steen, R. Kift, P. Woods, Y. Kondo

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

We report the results of an intercomparison of vertical column amounts of HCl, HF, N2O, HNO3, CH4, O3, CO2 and N2 derived from the spectra recorded by two ground-based FTIR spectrometers operated side-by-side using the sun as a source. The procedures used to record spectra and derive vertical column amounts followed the format of previous instrument intercomparisons organised by the Network for Detection of Stratospheric Change (NDSC), but the level of agreement achieved was significantly better than for previous intercomparisons. For most gases the differences were typically 1% or less, with at least one of the five datasets showing no ...


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Nov 2005

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Proposed Regulations Issued On New Domestic Production Deduction, Neil E. Harl, Roger A. Mceowen Nov 2005

Proposed Regulations Issued On New Domestic Production Deduction, Neil E. Harl, Roger A. Mceowen

Agricultural Law Digest

On October 20, 2005, the Department of the Treasury issued proposed regulations1 for the domestic production deduction2 enacted by the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004.3


Semantics For Scientific Experiments And The Web: The Implicit, The Formal And The Powerful, Amit P. Sheth Nov 2005

Semantics For Scientific Experiments And The Web: The Implicit, The Formal And The Powerful, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

No abstract provided.


Eu Enlargement And Technology Transfer To New Member States, Simla Tokgoz Nov 2005

Eu Enlargement And Technology Transfer To New Member States, Simla Tokgoz

CARD Working Papers

The European Union (EU) accomplished its biggest enlargement process in 2004 in terms of the number of countries, area, and population. This study focuses on the impact of enlargement, the resulting technology transfer on the grain sectors of the New Member States (NMS), and the consequent welfare implications. The study finds that EU enlargement has important implications for the EU and the NMS, but its impact on the world grain markets is minimal. The results show that producers in the NMS gain from accession because of higher prices, whereas consumers in most NMS face a welfare loss. Incorporating technology transfer ...


Biosecurity And Infectious Animal Disease, David A. Hennessy Nov 2005

Biosecurity And Infectious Animal Disease, David A. Hennessy

CARD Working Papers

The spatial dimension of agricultural production is important when a communicable disease enters a region. This paper considers two sorts of biosecurity risk that producers can seek to protect against. One concerns the risk of spread: that neighboring producers do not take due care in protecting against being infected by a disease already in the region. In this case, producer efforts substitute with those of near neighbors. For representative spatial production structures, we characterize Nash equilibrium protection levels and show how spatial production structure matters. The other sort of risk concerns entry: that producers do not take due care in ...


How Much "Safety" Is Available Under The U.S. Proposal To The Wto?, Bruce A. Babcock, Chad E. Hart Nov 2005

How Much "Safety" Is Available Under The U.S. Proposal To The Wto?, Bruce A. Babcock, Chad E. Hart

CARD Briefing Papers

Critics of the U.S. proposal to the World Trade Organization (WTO) made in October 2005 are correct when they argue that adoption of the proposal would significantly reduce available support under the current farm program structure. Using historical prices and yields from 1980 to 2004, we estimate that loan rates would have to drop by 9 percent and target prices would have to drop by 10 percent in order to meet the proposed aggregate Amber Box and Blue Box limits. While this finding should cheer those who think that reform of U.S. farm programs is long overdue, it ...