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1990

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Agricultural Law Digest Dec 1990

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


A Summary Of Provision In The Food, Agriculture, Conservation And Trade Act Of 1990, S. 2830, As Amended By The Agricultural Reconciliation Act Of 1990, Neil E. Harl Dec 1990

A Summary Of Provision In The Food, Agriculture, Conservation And Trade Act Of 1990, S. 2830, As Amended By The Agricultural Reconciliation Act Of 1990, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

This is the second part of a two-part summary of the provisions of the 1990 farm bill. The first part appeared in Vol. 1, No. 25, Nov. 9, 1990.


Index To Agricultural Law Digest: Volume 1, Nos. 1 Through 27, Agricultural Law Digest Dec 1990

Index To Agricultural Law Digest: Volume 1, Nos. 1 Through 27, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

This index lists items reported in Agricultural Law Digest by major subjects and subheadings and gives the page number of each item. The following lists the articles by Neil Harl in each issue and the page numbers in each issue.


Fapri U.S. Crops Model Documentation, Patrick C. Westhoff, Robert Frederick Baur, Deborah L. Stephens, William H. Meyers Dec 1990

Fapri U.S. Crops Model Documentation, Patrick C. Westhoff, Robert Frederick Baur, Deborah L. Stephens, William H. Meyers

CARD Technical Reports

The U.S. crops model is one component of the integrated modeling system developed and maintained by the Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI), which operates as a joint program at Iowa State University and the University of Missouri-Columbia. The FAPRI system is used to generate medium-term projections of the agricultural economy and to conduct policy analysis. The U.S. crops model determines domestic supply, utilization, and prices for wheat, corn, sorghum, oats, barley, soybeans, soybean meal, soybean oil, rice, and cotton, Other components of the FAPRI system include world trade models for grains and oilseeds, domestic livestock models ...


Food Consumption Patterns In Haiti: Evidence From The Haiti Household Expenditure And Consumption Survey, Helen H. Jensen, Stanley R. Johnson, Gary Stampley Dec 1990

Food Consumption Patterns In Haiti: Evidence From The Haiti Household Expenditure And Consumption Survey, Helen H. Jensen, Stanley R. Johnson, Gary Stampley

CARD Staff Reports

Effective evaluation of food pricing policies and other food policy issues requires accurate information on food consumption patterns and expenditures. This report documents food consumption patterns based on the 1986-87 Haitian Household Expenditure and Consumption Survey (HECS) conducted by the Institut Haitian de Statistique et d'Informatique (IHSI) with support from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID/Haiti). The report investigates food consumption patterns including total food expenditures and food budget shares, sources of food, food expenditures by major food group, expenditures for food consumed outside of the household, use of food inventories, and frequently consumed food items.


A Primer On Environmental Risk Analysis, Jason F. Shogren Dec 1990

A Primer On Environmental Risk Analysis, Jason F. Shogren

CARD Staff Reports

Throughout history, hazardous material has represented a risk to individuals. The task of regulating risk can be overwhelming. A regulator must interpret and coordinate a wide variety of information from experts and the lay public. To aid the regulator, the loosely coordinated field of environmental risk analysis has evolved. This paper provides a nontechnical examination of the four steps in the analysis of risks associated with an environmental hazard. The steps are (1) risk assessment--the use of scientific data to quantify risk, (2) risk perception--the manner in which individuals or societies perceive risk, (3) risk valuation--monetary valuation of reductions in ...


Health Conditions And Expenditures In Haiti: Evidence From The Haiti Household Expenditure And Consumption Survey, Helen H. Jensen, Stanley R. Johnson, Martha Stewart Dec 1990

Health Conditions And Expenditures In Haiti: Evidence From The Haiti Household Expenditure And Consumption Survey, Helen H. Jensen, Stanley R. Johnson, Martha Stewart

CARD Staff Reports

In 1986, the Institut Haitien de Statistique et d'Informatique (IHSI) with support from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) implemented a nationwide Household Expenditure and Consumption Survey (HECS) to gather socioeconomic data to analyze nutrition, health, welfare, food pricing policies, and other issues related to Title III, and to provide IHSI with data to calculate consumer price indexes and national accounts. Data were gathered from November 1986 through September 1987.


A National Food-Crop Policy Model For Indonesia, Paul M. Heytens, William H. Meyers Dec 1990

A National Food-Crop Policy Model For Indonesia, Paul M. Heytens, William H. Meyers

CARD Technical Reports

From the implementation of the New Order government's first five-year development plan (Repelita I) in 1969 until the mid-189s, the overriding objective of Indonesian food policy was to increase rice production so as to make the country self-sufficient, at a relatively high level of consumption, in its basic staple food. The goal of rice self-sufficiency was pursued through a centrally directed program of production and area targets, subsidized distribution of inputs with extension services, investment in irrigation and marketing infrastructure, and aremunerative floor price to farmers. With the achievement of rice self-sufficiency in 1985, the focus of Indonesia's ...


Ceepes: An Overview Of The Comprehensive Economic Environmental Policy Evaluation System, Stanley R. Johnson, Paul Eugene Rosenberry, Jason F. Shogren, Peter J. Kuch Dec 1990

Ceepes: An Overview Of The Comprehensive Economic Environmental Policy Evaluation System, Stanley R. Johnson, Paul Eugene Rosenberry, Jason F. Shogren, Peter J. Kuch

CARD Staff Reports

The Comprehensive Economic Pesticide Policy Evaluation System (CEPPES), as CEEPES was originally called, was developed in 1986 under a cooperative agreement between the Office of Policy Analysis of the Environmental Protection Agency (OPA/EPA) and the Center for Agricultural and Rural Development at Iowa State University (CARD/ISU). CEPPES was designed to analyze agricultural and environmental policies. It was structured to accommodate the important interrelationships among environmental and agricultural policies in the United States. Integrated policy analysis can discern and demonstrate efficient strategies to attain targeted levels for the agricultural sector, human health, and environmental performance.


Cost-Of-Living Differences In Urban Versus Rural Areas: An Analysis With Expenditure Data, Richard Mchugh Dec 1990

Cost-Of-Living Differences In Urban Versus Rural Areas: An Analysis With Expenditure Data, Richard Mchugh

CARD Staff Reports

This study illustrates the usefulness of consumer expenditure data for analyzing urban/rural differences in expenditure patterns. The primary findings are that when the effects of income, children, home ownership, aging, and college education are held constant, rural households spend a proportionately larger share of income on transportation, health care, and tobacco. Further breakdown within the category of health care reveals that health insurance, drugs, and medical supplies are responsible for higher expenditure by rural households. Within the transportation category, vehicles, gasoline, and oil are the sources of higher rural expenditure shares.


Analysis And Formulation Of Food Crop Policy For Indonesia, Stanley R. Johnson, William H. Meyers, Helen H. Jensen, Paul M. Heytens, Basile P. Goungetas, Thulasiram Kesavan, Gary L. Stampley, Patrick C. Westhoff, Jori Elisiana, Justo Manrique Dec 1990

Analysis And Formulation Of Food Crop Policy For Indonesia, Stanley R. Johnson, William H. Meyers, Helen H. Jensen, Paul M. Heytens, Basile P. Goungetas, Thulasiram Kesavan, Gary L. Stampley, Patrick C. Westhoff, Jori Elisiana, Justo Manrique

CARD Staff Reports

This study of Indonesia's food policy formulation was initiated in February 1989. The study, conducted in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture, was funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development. Junior Minister Sjarifuddin Baharsjah of the Ministry of Agriculture, and Faisal Kasryno, director of the Bureau of Planning, were on the study's steering committee and helped to plan, organize, and implement the study and associated workshops. Their support of efforts to enhance the Ministry's capabilities for policy analysis greatly benefited the course of study activities.


Nutrition In Haiti: Evidence From The Haiti Household Expenditure And Consumption Survey, Helen H. Jensen, Stanley R. Johnson, Gary Stampley Dec 1990

Nutrition In Haiti: Evidence From The Haiti Household Expenditure And Consumption Survey, Helen H. Jensen, Stanley R. Johnson, Gary Stampley

CARD Staff Reports

The conditions of widespread hunger and continuing food deficits dominate Haiti's food and agricultural situation. A 1986-87 nationwide survey of household expenditure and food consumption provides new evidence on food sources of energy and protein, and the adequacy of diets in Haiti. The survey data document the importance of cereals and vegetables in supplying food energy and protein. Starchy roots were relatively more important to energy intake in rural areas than urban areas. Rice, bread, oil, and green and dried peas were important food items in contributing to food energy and protein (except for oil). Nearly 50 percent of ...


Quality Differences And Price Responsiveness Of Wheat Class Demands, William W. Wilson, Paul Gallagher Dec 1990

Quality Differences And Price Responsiveness Of Wheat Class Demands, William W. Wilson, Paul Gallagher

Economics Publications

Price responsiveness and preferences for wheat classes are measured using a Case function specification. Results indicate there have been numerous changes in market shares of wheat classes from different exporters in specific markets. In general, quality differentials are important in some international markets; in others, relative prices are more important in determining market


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Agricultural Law Digest Nov 1990

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Revenue Reconciliation Act Of 1990, Neil E. Harl Nov 1990

Revenue Reconciliation Act Of 1990, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

The legislation imposes a 31 percent marginal tax rate above the 15 and 28 percent marginal tax rate brackets. The phase-outs of the benefits from the 15 percent rate and the personal exemption amounts (creating the so-called "bubble") are repealed. The new 31 percent rate begins at the same level of taxable income as the phase-out range of prior law.


A Summary Of Provisions In The Food, Agriculture, Conservation And Trade Act Of 1990, S. 2830, Neil E. Harl Nov 1990

A Summary Of Provisions In The Food, Agriculture, Conservation And Trade Act Of 1990, S. 2830, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

This is the first of a two-part summary of the provisions of the 1990 farm bill. The next issue will contain a summary of the tax provisions of the 1990 budget bill and the following issue will contain a summary of the remaining portions of the 1990 farm bill.


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Agricultural Law Digest Nov 1990

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Management Of Interdependent Data: Specifying Dependency And Consistency Requirements, Amit P. Sheth, Marek Rusinkiewicz Nov 1990

Management Of Interdependent Data: Specifying Dependency And Consistency Requirements, Amit P. Sheth, Marek Rusinkiewicz

Kno.e.sis Publications

Multiple databases that serve the needs of various application systems are considered. One of the significant problems in managing these databases is to maintain the related data items consistent to the required degree. This problem is frequently referred to as `redundant data management'. Since the term `redundancy' tends to imply that the data is unwanted or superfluous, the authors use the more general term `management of interdependent data'. Some preliminary ideas in this area are discussed. The problem of managing interdependent data is characterized, and some important types of interdatabase dependency are identified.


1990scholars And Artists Bibliography, Michael Schwartz Library, Cleveland State University, Friends Of The Michael Schwartz Library Oct 1990

1990scholars And Artists Bibliography, Michael Schwartz Library, Cleveland State University, Friends Of The Michael Schwartz Library

Scholars and Artists Bibliographies

This bibliography was created for the annual Friends of the Michael Schwartz Library Scholars and Artists Reception, recognizing scholarly and creative achievements of Cleveland State University faculty, staff and emeriti


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Agricultural Law Digest Oct 1990

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Type Of Lease For An S Corporation, Neil E. Harl Oct 1990

Type Of Lease For An S Corporation, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

Since enactment of the S corporation concept in 1958, it has been important to give careful thought to the kind of lease entered into by S corporations as landowners. In the years since the major amendments to Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code in 1982, The type of lease has been less important for some S corporations but it is still a major checklist item for S corporation planning.


Indebtedness In Excess Of Basis, Neil E. Harl Oct 1990

Indebtedness In Excess Of Basis, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

The financial trauma of the 1980s has left a legacy rarely seen in the years since the Great Depression of the 1930s — indebtedness in excess of basis on farm property. While this state may be of only modest concern so long as the property is not sold or exchanged, any event requiring a realization of the gain, poses potentially serious additional income tax liability for the taxpayer.


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Agricultural Law Digest Oct 1990

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Santa Clara Magazine, Volume 33 Number 1, Fall 1990, Santa Clara University Oct 1990

Santa Clara Magazine, Volume 33 Number 1, Fall 1990, Santa Clara University

Santa Clara Magazine

12 - PRIESTS & MARRIAGE The Pope has allowed the ordination of nearly 50 married Episcopal priests since 1980. Some see this as a sign of hope for a married priesthood . By Julie Sly '82

18 - THE POWER OF ONE Because of her own personal tragedy, Mary Beth Cahill Phillips '76 forced the state of California to form Trustline, a registry parents can use to check out a nanny. By Susan Frey

20 - THE ART OF BIOGRAPHY Our natural curiosity about each other tempts us into reading biographies the same way we turn to novels. Is peering into the private life of ...


"Midstream" Incorporation Considerations, Neil E. Harl Sep 1990

"Midstream" Incorporation Considerations, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

The basic requirements for a tax-free incorporation are relatively mechanical—(1) the transfer must be solely for stock in the corporation and (2) the transferors must be "in control" of the corporation immediately after the exchange. This requires that the transferors end up with at least 80 percent of the combined voting power of all classes of voting stock and at least 80 percent of the total number of shares of all other classes of stock.


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Agricultural Law Digest Sep 1990

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Malaysian Deforestation Proceeds Apace, Paul Faulstich Sep 1990

Malaysian Deforestation Proceeds Apace, Paul Faulstich

Pitzer Faculty Publications and Research

A hunger fast, dubbed Fast Action, was staged in front of the Japanese Consulate General in Honolulu on July 20 to protest the destruction of the most ancient and biologically diverse ecosystem on Earth. Organized by Hawai'i Earth First! and the O'ahu Rainforest Action Group, Fast Action was designed to alert people to the destruction of tropical rainforests in Sarawak, Malaysia. Protesters demanded on immediate moratorium on the cutting of rainforests in,which the Penan and other-native peoples live.


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Agricultural Law Digest Sep 1990

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Corporate Ownership Of The Farm Residence, Neil E. Harl Sep 1990

Corporate Ownership Of The Farm Residence, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

For farmers and ranchers considering incorporating, one of the major questions is whether the farm or ranch residence or residences should be transferred to the newly formed corporation. From an income tax perspective, residential costs are deductible for an unincorporated taxpayer only to the extent of mortgage interest and property taxes and costs associated with business use of the residence such as an office "used regularly and on an exclusive basis" for business purposes.


Table Of Contents, Volume One, Number Four, Fall 1990, Risk Editorial Board Sep 1990

Table Of Contents, Volume One, Number Four, Fall 1990, Risk Editorial Board

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment (1990-2002)

Table of contents for the journal Risk: Issues in Health & Safety (ISSN: 1073-8673)