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Library and Information Science

Western University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 363

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Information Practices Of New Kadampa Buddhists: From "Dharma Of Scripture" To "Dharma Of Insight", Roger Chabot Apr 2019

The Information Practices Of New Kadampa Buddhists: From "Dharma Of Scripture" To "Dharma Of Insight", Roger Chabot

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The research examining spiritual information behaviours has been largely dominated by studies of Christian clergy using information in work tasks to fulfill work roles. Missing are studies of everyday individuals and the spiritual information practices they engage in as part of their everyday lives. Also lacking are studies which feature non-Western religious traditions. This dissertation fills this gap with a study of the everyday life information practices of western Buddhists from the New Kadampa Tradition. The study aimed to inventory their spiritual information practices, examine existential information needs, understand Buddhist spiritual realizations as an outcome of information use, and explore ...


Expectations Of Canadian Life, Actual Post-Arrival Experience, And Pre-Arrival Information Seeking: Results From A Study On Bangladeshi Immigrants In Canada, Nafiz Zaman Shuva Mar 2019

Expectations Of Canadian Life, Actual Post-Arrival Experience, And Pre-Arrival Information Seeking: Results From A Study On Bangladeshi Immigrants In Canada, Nafiz Zaman Shuva

FIMULAW

In this poster, I present findings from my doctoral study on the transitional information practices of Bangladeshi immigrants in Ontario, focusing on the tensions between pre-arrival expectations and actual experiences of Canadian life and on pre-arrival information practices. I conducted surveys (n=205) and semi-structured interviews (n=58) to understand my participants’ settlement information practices. It is evident in my study that there is a significant gap in Bangladeshi immigrants’ expectations of Canadian life and actual post-arrival experience that can be analyzed in terms of information experience, especially in terms of employment expectations and mental preparedness for changes in life ...


Making Sense Of Sense-Making: Uncovering Dervin’S Hermeneutic Intentions, Roger Chabot Mar 2019

Making Sense Of Sense-Making: Uncovering Dervin’S Hermeneutic Intentions, Roger Chabot

FIMULAW

Brenda Dervin’s Sense-Making metatheory is a popular theory within Library and Information for helping to describe the nature of information needs and the seeking of information. However, both Savolainen (1999) and Kari (2001) have noted how Dervin is surprisingly vague about gap-bridging, a fundamental component of her theory and ultimately fails to describe how sense is actually made (Kari, 2001, p. 36). However, Dervin notes that individuals construct “interpretive bridges over a gappy reality” (Dervin, 1999b, p. 730), suggesting that the crux of Sense-Making is a hermeneutic process. Based on a textual analysis (McKee, 2003) of Dervin’s writing ...


Racialized Youth And The Public Library: A Critical Race Theory Approach To Program Utilization And Effectiveness, Amber Matthews Mar 2019

Racialized Youth And The Public Library: A Critical Race Theory Approach To Program Utilization And Effectiveness, Amber Matthews

FIMULAW

My research aims to reverse racial neutrality in public libraries by demonstrating how ambivalence about race perpetuates systemic inequalities and the disengagement of racialized youth. It draws on interdisciplinary research to show how the race-blind approach is not reflective of the needs of communities being served. Using a Critical Race Theory (CRT) framework, I show that public libraries can implement processes to gather race-specific data under the recently-implemented Anti-Racism Act (2017). This will provide a contextual understanding of the racial make-up of users and provide a valuable frame of reference to support efforts to build stronger and more effective relationships.


The Role Of Embodied Information In Becoming Anti-Fragile: Through The Lens Of Ultramarathon Running, Jeremy Thompson Mar 2019

The Role Of Embodied Information In Becoming Anti-Fragile: Through The Lens Of Ultramarathon Running, Jeremy Thompson

FIMULAW

Individuals are capable of putting their bodies and minds through incredible challenges and hardships, accomplishing goals that were thought to be impossible. Through these embodied informationally rich experiences, the potential to become stronger or rather anti-fragile in the face of physical and emotional adversity, may lead to strengthened mental health and the ability to cope well with future adversity. Using an ethnographic methodological approach centering on autoethnography, this proposed research asks ‘using the case of ultramarathon running, how do embodied information experiences in nature support antifragility and mental health and wellness?’


Student-Run Journals And Experiential Learning: Introducing Emerging Library & Information Perspectives, Meghan Kirkland Mar 2019

Student-Run Journals And Experiential Learning: Introducing Emerging Library & Information Perspectives, Meghan Kirkland

FIMULAW

Beginning in 2017 the Masters of Library and Information Science program decided to put together a student-run open access academic journal that would be tied together with a scholarly communication and open access course. This journal, Emerging Library & Information Perspectives (ELIP), was developed so that it coincided with course content and allowed students enrolled in the class experiential learning as peer reviewers. ELIP is published digitally and physically by the FIMS Graduate Library using Open Journal Systems, a free and open source software developed by the Public Knowledge Project.


Accessibility And Academic Libraries: A Comparative Case Study, Claire Burrows Mar 2019

Accessibility And Academic Libraries: A Comparative Case Study, Claire Burrows

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Although individuals with disabilities represent more than 22% of the Canadian population over the age of 15, they remain underrepresented in higher education, and especially in the university setting. Although some library and information science (LIS) research has focused on creating accessible webpages, resources for individuals with print disabilities, and the physical infrastructure of libraries, few studies have included the perspectives of disabled individuals themselves or attempted to understand how libraries are conceptualizing disability and accessibility. By incorporating a disability-studies lens into this study, we can develop a more comprehensive understanding of the obstacles that arise in the pursuit of ...


A News Verification Browser For The Detection Of Clickbait, Satire, And Falsified News, Victoria Rubin, Chris Brogly, Nadia Conroy, Yimin Chen, Sarah E. Cornwell, Toluwase V. Asubiaro Mar 2019

A News Verification Browser For The Detection Of Clickbait, Satire, And Falsified News, Victoria Rubin, Chris Brogly, Nadia Conroy, Yimin Chen, Sarah E. Cornwell, Toluwase V. Asubiaro

FIMS Publications

The LiT.RL News Verification Browser is a research tool for news readers, journalists, editors or information professionals. The tool analyzes the language used in digital news web pages to determine if they are clickbait, satirical news, or falsified news, and visualizes the results by highlighting content in color-coded categories. Although the clickbait, satire, and falsification detectors perform to certain accuracy levels on test data, during real-world internet use accuracy may vary. The browser is not a replacement for digital literacy and is not always correct. All processing is completed on the local machine - results are not sent to or ...


Educators' Perceptions Of Information Literacy And Skills Required To Spot ‘Fake News’, Victoria Rubin, Nicole Delellis Feb 2019

Educators' Perceptions Of Information Literacy And Skills Required To Spot ‘Fake News’, Victoria Rubin, Nicole Delellis

FIMS Publications

This research examines the concept of ‘fake news’ in the context of information literacy (IL) in a post‐secondary educational setting. Educators' perceptions shape both IL curricula and classroom discussions with students. We conducted 18 interviews with members of 3 integral groups implementing IL education (8 professors, 6 librarians, 4 department chairs). Interviews explored participants' perceptions of: IL education, perceived skills associated with IL, skills required to spot ‘fake news’, and gauged our participants' willingness to incorporate segments dedicated to detecting ‘fake news’ in IL curriculum. Our qualitative findings identify a substantial overlap that exists between skills associated with IL ...


Building And Maintaining Lgbtq+ Picture Book Collections, Alissa Droog, Danielle Bettridge, Alyssa R. Martin, Ashleigh Yates-Mackay Jan 2019

Building And Maintaining Lgbtq+ Picture Book Collections, Alissa Droog, Danielle Bettridge, Alyssa R. Martin, Ashleigh Yates-Mackay

FIMS Publications

The LGBTQ+ community has had to continuously fight for their rights, including their right to be represented in the library. This toolkit provides instruction on how to develop and manage a library collection of LGBTQ+ children’s picture books. It is split into four sections that include a guide to evaluating materials, recommended picture books, a guide to fighting censorship, and a list of recommended resources.


On The Space/Time Of Information Literacy, Higher Education, And The Global Knowledge Economy, Karen Patricia Nicholson Dec 2018

On The Space/Time Of Information Literacy, Higher Education, And The Global Knowledge Economy, Karen Patricia Nicholson

FIMS Publications

Local sites and practices of information work become embroiled in the larger imperatives and logics of the global knowledge economy through social, technological, and spatial networks. Drawing on human geography’s central claim that space and time are dialectically produced through social practices, in this essay I use human/critical geography as a framework to situate the processes and practices—the space and time—of information literacy within the broader social, political, and economic environments of the global knowledge economy. As skills training for the knowledge economy, information literacy lies at the intersection of the spatial and temporal spheres of ...


Academic Librarians And The Space/Time Of Information Literacy, The Neoliberal University, And The Global Knowledge Economy, Karen P. Nicholson Nov 2018

Academic Librarians And The Space/Time Of Information Literacy, The Neoliberal University, And The Global Knowledge Economy, Karen P. Nicholson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This qualitative research study explores how academic librarians working in Canadian public research-intensive universities experience the space/time of information literacy, the neoliberal university, and the knowledge economy. Information literacy lies at the intersection of higher education and the knowledge economy: it became a priority for librarians in Anglo-American countries in the 1980s in the context of neoliberal educational reforms intended to better prepare skilled workers for the “information society” (Behrens, 1994; Birdsall, 1994).

The shift from Fordist modes of production to flexible accumulation, characterized by the expansion of capital into new markets, flexible workers, and just-in-time inventories, made possible ...


Informing Care: Mapping The Social Organization Of Families’ Information Work In An Aging In Place Climate, Nicole K. Dalmer Nov 2018

Informing Care: Mapping The Social Organization Of Families’ Information Work In An Aging In Place Climate, Nicole K. Dalmer

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Within an institutional ethnography method of inquiry, this dissertation makes visible the information work that permeates the care work of families of people living with dementia who are also aging at home. An institutional ethnography privileges people’s everyday work and acknowledges that local contexts are influenced by translocal, ruling relations. To map out the social organization of family caregivers’ information work, this dissertation details four separate, yet interrelated studies. The first study comprises two sets of interviews: one with 13 family caregivers of older adults to understand their experiences of the information work they do and a second with ...


It’S All In The Relationships: A Liaison Role For Librarian-Publishers, Emily Carlisle, Kristin Hoffmann Jun 2018

It’S All In The Relationships: A Liaison Role For Librarian-Publishers, Emily Carlisle, Kristin Hoffmann

Western Libraries Presentations

In fall 2017, we initiated a migration of the University of Western Ontario’s 32 library-hosted journals from the bepress Digital Commons platform to the Open Journal Systems (OJS) platform. This was a response to concerns expressed by librarians and journal editors regarding potential implications of Elsevier’s August 2017 acquisition of bepress, including the possibility that Elsevier might place ads on their journal pages or increase fees for journal-hosting services. Our goal was to mitigate those concerns by ensuring that Western Libraries’ journal platform remained as open and community-driven as possible. Because the migration coincided with a librarian taking ...


Information Into Action? Reflections On (Critical) Practice (Keynote Address, Wilu 2018), Karen Nicholson Jun 2018

Information Into Action? Reflections On (Critical) Practice (Keynote Address, Wilu 2018), Karen Nicholson

FIMS Presentations

In this keynote address, I consider the WILU 2018 conference theme “Information into Action" as representative of normative mainstream discourses of innovation, entrepreneurialism, vocation, and practicality in contemporary academic libraries.


Embedded Research Guides: Are They Doing What Students Want?, James Seale, Alison Wetheral Jun 2018

Embedded Research Guides: Are They Doing What Students Want?, James Seale, Alison Wetheral

Western Libraries Presentations

Since we integrated Research Guides into our learning management system in 2016, access has increased by 71%. How can we improve the content within this resource? We will present the results of student usage surveys and interviews. These results will inform how we create Research Guides to support student research.

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GUIDES DE RECHERCHE INTÉGRÉS: FONT-ILS CE QUE LES ÉTUDIANTS VEULENT?

Depuis que nous avons intégré les guides de recherche dans notre système de gestion de l’apprentissage en 2016, l’accès a augmenté de 71 %. Comment pouvons-nous améliorer le contenu de cette ressource? Nous présenterons les résultats de sondages et ...


"This Was Actually Fun!": Engaging Users In Conversations About Digital Literacy, Madisson Goldhawk, Erin Johnson, Lillian S. Rigling Jun 2018

"This Was Actually Fun!": Engaging Users In Conversations About Digital Literacy, Madisson Goldhawk, Erin Johnson, Lillian S. Rigling

Western Libraries Presentations

This interactive presentation highlights pop-up programming designed to improve 21st century digital literacies. The session includes an overview of activity development and reflections on its success. Participants will explore light-touch digital literacy games on their personal devices and take home tools to recreate similar programming at their library.


Evidence-Based Il Program Proposals: Engaging In Curriculum Mapping To Re-Envision Instructional Practice, Liz Mantz, Kim Mcphee, Christy Sich Jun 2018

Evidence-Based Il Program Proposals: Engaging In Curriculum Mapping To Re-Envision Instructional Practice, Liz Mantz, Kim Mcphee, Christy Sich

Western Libraries Presentations

No abstract provided.


Lgbtq+ Children’S Picture Books In Ontario Public Libraries, Ashleigh Yates-Mackay, Danielle Bettridge, Alissa Droog, Alyssa Martin Apr 2018

Lgbtq+ Children’S Picture Books In Ontario Public Libraries, Ashleigh Yates-Mackay, Danielle Bettridge, Alissa Droog, Alyssa Martin

FIMULAW

Diverse representation in picture books is important for the wellbeing of children and families; this includes LGBTQ+ representation, a frequently contested area of literature. Our poster identifies 33 of the most frequently recommended picture books with LGBTQ+ representations and reports on their inclusion in 40 selected Ontario Public Libraries. We then compared these results with five socioeconomic factors for each library: size of population served, the size of the print collection, the size of the materials budget, the average total median household income and the last decade of provincial election results for the riding in which the main branch of ...


The Spy Next Door: Intentional Misuse Of Access To Information, Data Security & Society’S Diminishing Ideology Of Privacy, Anjeli Leamen Mar 2018

The Spy Next Door: Intentional Misuse Of Access To Information, Data Security & Society’S Diminishing Ideology Of Privacy, Anjeli Leamen

Western Research Forum

Much has been written regarding the vulnerability of privacy in the current age of big data. However, little has been written about the actions of individuals, and the intentional misuse of access to friends and family members’ private information (i.e snooping). In contrast to government or corporate misuse of information, these kinds of privacy breaches are not for financial gain, surveillance or identity theft. Rather this misuse of information is purely out of curiosity about the personal lives of friends, family and acquaintances. The purpose of this paper is to not only examine the realm of snooping, but also ...


Dois, Kristin Hoffmann Mar 2018

Dois, Kristin Hoffmann


DOIs: what they are and why to use them


Creating Accessible Documents, Emily Carlisle Mar 2018

Creating Accessible Documents, Emily Carlisle


How to make your PDFs accessible


Creative Commons Licenses, Lillian S. Rigling Mar 2018

Creative Commons Licenses, Lillian S. Rigling


Everything you wanted to know about Creative Commons Licenses (but were too afraid to ask)!


Keynote, Kevin Stranack Mar 2018

Keynote, Kevin Stranack


Kevin Stranack is the Head of Digital Publishing at the Simon Fraser University Library and the Associate Director for Community Engagement & Learning at the Public Knowledge Project (PKP) in Vancouver, BC, Canada, where he leads the PKP School for open access publishers and is responsible for the Project's continuing education, community development, user experience, and communications. He has also served as an adjunct faculty member at the iSchool at UBC and the Publishing program at SFU. Kevin holds a Master of Library and Information Studies from the University of British Columbia and a Master of Adult Education from the ...


Open By Default? Concept-Mapping Our Way To Open Access Consensus, Emily Carlisle, Lillian S. Rigling, Joanne Paterson, Courtney L. Waugh Feb 2018

Open By Default? Concept-Mapping Our Way To Open Access Consensus, Emily Carlisle, Lillian S. Rigling, Joanne Paterson, Courtney L. Waugh

Western Libraries Presentations

By its nature design thinking combines creative and critical thinking that is imperative to organizing ideas and improving situations. Design thinking allows libraries to take an iterative approach to exploring a complex problem-space, and generate consensus around a potential solution, all while providing artifacts and documentation of the process. In libraries, design thinking is most commonly employed in the design of spaces or services. However, inspired by Open Access Week, we engaged these strategies to collaboratively deconstruct Western Libraries’ current policies related to open access.

We invited staff and librarians from Western Libraries and our affiliates to explore how we ...


Making Usage Stats Usable: Evaluating Usage Stat Tools And Maximizing Excel/Pivot Tables, Alie Visser, Melissa Seelye, Samuel Cassady, Debbie Collard Feb 2018

Making Usage Stats Usable: Evaluating Usage Stat Tools And Maximizing Excel/Pivot Tables, Alie Visser, Melissa Seelye, Samuel Cassady, Debbie Collard

Western Libraries Presentations

This presentation outlines the results of an environmental scan about usage statistic solutions available to libraries, and provides the experience of implementing both vendor-based and home-grown tools.


Are "Stress Busters" The Solution? Teaching Wellness At The Academic Library, Emily Carlisle Jan 2018

Are "Stress Busters" The Solution? Teaching Wellness At The Academic Library, Emily Carlisle

FIMS Publications

No abstract provided.


Collaboratively Creating A Programmatic Information Literacy Strategy: Challenges And Opportunities, Tom Adam, Colleen A. Burgess Ma Mlis, Kim Mcphee, Leanne Olson, Christy Sich Jan 2018

Collaboratively Creating A Programmatic Information Literacy Strategy: Challenges And Opportunities, Tom Adam, Colleen A. Burgess Ma Mlis, Kim Mcphee, Leanne Olson, Christy Sich

Western Libraries Publications

In 2017, a team of librarians and archivists at Western University developed local Information Literacy Learning Outcomes (ILLOs). The resulting document outlined the skills and understanding that Western University students should demonstrate at the end of a four-year undergraduate degree—specifically, the skills relating to accessing, assessing, and applying information. This article focuses on the challenges and opportunities encountered during the collaborative process as well as the approach employed by the team in the development of these ILLOs.

Six librarians and archivists in very different roles formed the project team. Despite coming from diverse backgrounds, the team recognized that there ...


Online Chat Reference: Question Type And The Implication For Staffing In A Large Academic Library, Debbie Meert-Williston, Rachel Sandieson Jan 2018

Online Chat Reference: Question Type And The Implication For Staffing In A Large Academic Library, Debbie Meert-Williston, Rachel Sandieson

Western Libraries Publications

This study investigated the types of questions asked in an academic online reference chat service to ascertain the level of library staff expertise needed to answer the questions. The transcripts from a large academic library were analyzed to determine both the type of questions asked, and the complexity of the reference questions asked. The data showed that 75% of the questions asked were non-reference, 17% of the questions asked were ready-reference, and 8.6% of the questions asked were in-depth or complex reference questions. Library staff with the capacity to answer both circulation and general reference questions would have the ...


Information World Mapping To Explicate The Information- Care Relationship In Dementia Care, Nicole K. Dalmer Jan 2018

Information World Mapping To Explicate The Information- Care Relationship In Dementia Care, Nicole K. Dalmer

FIMS Publications

Information world mapping is a helpful data elicitation technique to make visible the hidden work of finding, using and making sense of information. This methods-based paper explores the utility of a mapping exercise both within an institutional ethnographic study and in eliciting informants’ understandings and descriptions of their care-related information work. Eleven family caregivers of community- dwelling older adults living with dementia drew maps of their information worlds. Each map depicts a unique combination of information resources (people, agencies, texts and websites) accessed, relationships that shape the information work in addition to key locations frequented to access information. Given the ...