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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Does Convenience Come With A Price? The Impact Of Remote Testimony On Expert Credibility And Decision-Making, Ashley Jones Aug 2023

Does Convenience Come With A Price? The Impact Of Remote Testimony On Expert Credibility And Decision-Making, Ashley Jones

Dissertations

Legal cases involving expert testimony, especially by forensic mental health professionals, is increasingly relying on remote testimony to reduce associated costs and increase availability of such services. There is some evidence to show that expert testimony delivered via videoconference (VC) is comparable to expert testimony delivered in person; however, the most compelling evidence for this claim is unpublished. Other evidence across disciplines showed relative comparability between VC and in-person modalities across various types of outcomes. Based on both unpublished and published findings, this study tested the hypothesis that minimal differences in measures of expert credibility, efficacy, and weight assigned to ...


Weathering State And Local Budget Storms: Fiscal Federalism With An Uncooperative Congress, David Gamage, Darien Shanske, Gladriel Shobe, Adam Thimmesch Dec 2022

Weathering State And Local Budget Storms: Fiscal Federalism With An Uncooperative Congress, David Gamage, Darien Shanske, Gladriel Shobe, Adam Thimmesch

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Throughout most of 2020, state and local governments faced severe budget crises as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Increased demand for state welfare services and rising state expenses related to controlling the spread of COVID-19 stretched state and local budgets to their breaking points. At the same time, layoffs, business closures, and social distancing measures reduced states’ primary sources of tax revenues. The traditional practice of American fiscal federalism is for the federal government to step in to provide aid during a national emergency of this magnitude, because state and local governments lack the federal government’s monetary and ...


Cities Of God Under Occupation: Settler Colonial Practices And Pacification In The Favelas Of Rio De Janeiro And The Occupied Palestinian Territories, Amanda Pimenta Da Silva Jul 2022

Cities Of God Under Occupation: Settler Colonial Practices And Pacification In The Favelas Of Rio De Janeiro And The Occupied Palestinian Territories, Amanda Pimenta Da Silva

Theses and Dissertations

The 2002 film ‘City of God’ tells an anecdotal story of violence in the favelas of Rio de Janeiro, and is a reminder that the societies we tend to take for granted can actually be a luxury. The film portrays the daily life of the peripheries of Rio and its relation with drug trafficking, crime, and poverty, and how it has deteriorated into a war zone so dangerous that anyone risk being shot to death. Thousands of miles away from the Brazilian slums there is another so-called city of God, or the city chosen by God to be the home ...


Tutorial 27: Chi Square Tests - Test Of Association, Aline Hitti, Saera R. Khan Jun 2022

Tutorial 27: Chi Square Tests - Test Of Association, Aline Hitti, Saera R. Khan

Journal of Interdisciplinary Perspectives and Scholarship

This tutorial will cover how to carry out tests using the Chi Square statistic and distribution to examine associations between two categorical (nominal or ordinal) variables.


The Effectiveness Of The Aesthetic Approach In Teaching Philosophy To Develop Some Values Among University Students, Abdullah Tariq Al-Dulaimi Jun 2022

The Effectiveness Of The Aesthetic Approach In Teaching Philosophy To Develop Some Values Among University Students, Abdullah Tariq Al-Dulaimi

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

There is a need for learners at different levels of study to break the deadlock and repetition that they encountered, and university students undoubtedly suffer from this matter. It is the responsibility of teachers to strive to enliven them by using completely new methods and strategies to achieve communication between teachers and learners. This study aimed to know the effectiveness of the aesthetic approach in teaching philosophy to develop some values among university students. The study followed the experimental design. The study sample consisted of two groups; Experimental: It was studied according to the aesthetic approach, while the control group ...


The Effect Of Future Problem-Solving Strategy On Developing Enlightened Thinking Among Fifth-Grade Literary Students, Tariq Hashem Khamis, Mohamed Owaid Hussein Jun 2022

The Effect Of Future Problem-Solving Strategy On Developing Enlightened Thinking Among Fifth-Grade Literary Students, Tariq Hashem Khamis, Mohamed Owaid Hussein

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The aim of the current research is to find out the impact of the problem-solving strategy on the development of informed thinking among fifth grade of literature. To achieve this aim, the researcher formulated a nill hypothesis There are no statistically significant differences between the mean scores of the experimental group who are studied according to the future problem solving strategy and the mean scores of the control group who are studied according to conventional method at the significance level of 0.05,In the subject of principles of philosophy and psychology, the researcher identified a sample of his research ...


The Effectiveness Of A Proposed Strategy According To The Theory Of Successful Intelligence In Developing Analytical Thinking Among Fifth-Grade Literary Students In The Subject Of The Father Parentheses, Nidhal Muzahim Al-Azawi Jun 2022

The Effectiveness Of A Proposed Strategy According To The Theory Of Successful Intelligence In Developing Analytical Thinking Among Fifth-Grade Literary Students In The Subject Of The Father Parentheses, Nidhal Muzahim Al-Azawi

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The researchers adopted the experimental design in the partial control of the experimental and control groups, which are equivalent before and after testing. To suit the nature of the research, if the research sample consisted of (55) female students, who were selected from a semester class from Ibn Al-Atheer High School, Lebanon (0 student) (experimental), she was drawn according to the proposed creative strategy and Al-Fadila Preparatory for Girls (25 female students) who studied according to the regular method. The two researchers prepared typical teaching plans for both groups, and the analytical thinking test was prepared, which consisted of (20 ...


Bakhtin's Dialogism: A Study Of R.J. Palacio's Wonder, Awfa Hussein Al-Doory, Shaima’ Abdullah Jasim, Fatma Dhafir Madhi Jun 2022

Bakhtin's Dialogism: A Study Of R.J. Palacio's Wonder, Awfa Hussein Al-Doory, Shaima’ Abdullah Jasim, Fatma Dhafir Madhi

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

Mikhail Bakhtin is one of the most important theorists of dialogical discourse in the twentieth century. His most influential theoretical notions related to modern novel are Dialogism, Polyphony and Heteroglossia. Within the Bakhtinian theoretical context the study argues that Palacio's Wonder discusses the issue of disability through different perspectives, namely the deformed face, August, and other characters. The novel is a call and response between August whose deformed face places him in the position of inferior Otherness and other characters whose normality identifies them as the superior Self. This is tackled through the technique of multiple narrative voices. The ...


Type And Collective Memory In The Products Of Architecture Students, Eman Abbas Hammadi, Ibrahim Jawad Kadhim Al-Yousif, Abdullah Saadoon Salman Jun 2022

Type And Collective Memory In The Products Of Architecture Students, Eman Abbas Hammadi, Ibrahim Jawad Kadhim Al-Yousif, Abdullah Saadoon Salman

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The research deals with the concept of type and its relationship to collective memory as one of the structural elements used by the student of architecture and that work to structure history. It is the principle that it leads to the process of creation and formation, which is the representative form of the principle or concept of the building, and thus it is the common essence that leads to the element and shows an aspect of the historical situation in the framework of current architectural knowledge. Therefore, the research aims to clarify the relationship between pattern and collective memory in ...


Beyond The Sentence” In The Traces Of Grammarians, Fundamentalists, And Rhetoric, Eman Abbas Hammadi Jun 2022

Beyond The Sentence” In The Traces Of Grammarians, Fundamentalists, And Rhetoric, Eman Abbas Hammadi

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The linguistics of the text is betting that it is an interdisciplinary science that surrounds the text through the use of the tools of a group of sciences and fields of knowledge that help linguistic reading to clarify the functional and use side of the language. It does not depend on language only, but finds itself in the presence of a type of linguistic analysis that is indispensable for non-linguistic tools and analytical elements to reach the meaning and significance of the text. Texts cannot be understood without thinking about linguistic, mental and social factors.


The Effectiveness Of The Human Approach In Developing Appreciation For Scientists And Thinkers, Tariq Hashim Khamees, Sarab Mahmood Kareem Jun 2022

The Effectiveness Of The Human Approach In Developing Appreciation For Scientists And Thinkers, Tariq Hashim Khamees, Sarab Mahmood Kareem

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The aim of the current research is to identify the effectiveness of the humanistic approach in developing the appreciation of scientists and thinkers among students of the Department of Educational and Psychological Sciences at the College of Education for Human Sciences, Tikrit University for the academic year 2021/2022. After being presented to the experts to extract the validity of the scale. The scale was applied to the research sample before and after the experiment, and they extracted the results using the required statistical methods. After that, the researchers reached a set of recommendations and suggestions according to the results ...


Sayings Of Engagement And Marrige In Narratives Of Mothers Of The Believers, May Allah Please Them- A Rhetorical Study, Muhammad Saeed Hussain Al-Jubouri, Saja Hikmat Hassan Al-Douri Jun 2022

Sayings Of Engagement And Marrige In Narratives Of Mothers Of The Believers, May Allah Please Them- A Rhetorical Study, Muhammad Saeed Hussain Al-Jubouri, Saja Hikmat Hassan Al-Douri

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The present research tackles the analysis of selected texts from family sayings in the narratives of the mothers of the believers (may Allah please them). It is concerned with a rhetoric analysis based on the rules of Arabic rhetoric developed by rhetoric scholars (may Allah have mercy on them). The analysis is conduted by the use and assistance of rhetoric tools to reveal the aesthetic characteristics of these narratives, the explanation of preferring an expression on another, the priority of the use of one structure upon another. Moreover, the analysis manifests the splender of the adorable images and realising the ...


Drama In Contemporary Architecture, Rabee Jameel Al-Shammari, Abbas Ali Hamza, Sabeeh Lafta Farhan Jun 2022

Drama In Contemporary Architecture, Rabee Jameel Al-Shammari, Abbas Ali Hamza, Sabeeh Lafta Farhan

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The relationship between Drama and Architecture regarding what both gain of influence, reaction, motivation, and inspiration that add to the output a form and context to constitute a dramatic space that produces connections (bridges) between human spirits for communication and convergence to handle the suffering of others by entering to the receiver's memory based on the plot that can weave from dialogue and conflict a dramatic space with a contemporary frame on both levels, the external and the internal one. By using existence, force, action, and reaction between the dramatic Architecture space elements with the recipient's engagement. The ...


The Effect Of Special Exercises According To Different Training In The Development Of Some Types Of Strength And Its Relationship To The Level Of Skill Performance In The Grip Of Snatching From Above The Chest In Roman Wrestling Baghdad Youth Clubs, Mohammed Abdulkareem Mahmood Jun 2022

The Effect Of Special Exercises According To Different Training In The Development Of Some Types Of Strength And Its Relationship To The Level Of Skill Performance In The Grip Of Snatching From Above The Chest In Roman Wrestling Baghdad Youth Clubs, Mohammed Abdulkareem Mahmood

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The wrestling game is a sporting event that contains many skills, including throwing grips (kidnapping from above the chest), whose degree of success requires special abilities characterized by a high degree of flexibility and movements in the joints and major muscles working in performance. Therefore, the importance of the research was manifested in the impact of special exercises for differential training in the development of special strength and the extent of knowledge of the relationship between it and the level of skill performance of some throwing grips (snatching from above the chest among Baghdad youth club wrestlers in Roman wrestling ...


Classification Of Groundwater In The Eastern Nineveh Plain, Ahmed Hussein Hussein Jun 2022

Classification Of Groundwater In The Eastern Nineveh Plain, Ahmed Hussein Hussein

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The research dealt with the classification and evaluation of groundwater for the main uses in the eastern Nineveh Plain, and for that the hydrochemical analysis of the water of (25) wells was carried out, and high concentrations of magnesium, calcium, sulfate and bicarbonate ions were observed. The (Rock Works) program that used for the purpose of classification, this program has three methods were adopted, namely Durov, Piper and Stiff method. by the newly methods the study found (8) types of water. The type (Mg - SO4) constituted (32%) of the total varieties Groundwater in the region, which that reflect the natural ...


The Confirmatory Factor Analysis Of The Spiritual Wellbeing Scale Of A Sample Of Students From Iraq And Algeria, Aiche Sabah, Omar Khalaf Rashid Al-Shujairi Jun 2022

The Confirmatory Factor Analysis Of The Spiritual Wellbeing Scale Of A Sample Of Students From Iraq And Algeria, Aiche Sabah, Omar Khalaf Rashid Al-Shujairi

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The current study aims at confirming the factor structure of the Arabized image of the SPIRITUALITY INDEX OF WELL BEING scale through the confirmatory factor analysis. The study was conducted on a sample consisting of (187) students (male and female) at the level of the two universities of Anbar in Iraq and Saida in Algeria. To achieve the aims of the study, a descriptive approach was used based on the scale of the quality of spiritual wellbeing: Spirituality Index of Wellbeing by Daaleman & Frey (2004) and translated by researchers. The confirmatory factor analysis of the translated Arabic version of the ...


The Legal Protection Of The Physical And Psychological Health Of The Working Women In The Moroccan And Palestinian Legislations, Nidal Ghaith Jun 2022

The Legal Protection Of The Physical And Psychological Health Of The Working Women In The Moroccan And Palestinian Legislations, Nidal Ghaith

Journal of the Arab American University مجلة الجامعة العربية الامريكية للبحوث

This study examined the legislations related to the legal protection of the working women and their roles in protecting the working women’s physical and psychological health in both the Kingdom of Morocco and the State of Palestine. The manifestations of the legal protection of both the physical health and psychological health of the working women were discussed. One of the prominent conclusions of the study is the necessity to organise the women’s work to protect them from the dangers threatening their physical and psychological health as mentioned in the Moroccan Labour Code and the Palestinian Labour Law. However ...


The Apostrophic Impasse: Diacritical Remarks On The Stories Of International Law, Legal Decolonial Genealogy And Antony Anghie’S Historiography, Britt L.A.Q. (Haadiya) Hendrix Jun 2022

The Apostrophic Impasse: Diacritical Remarks On The Stories Of International Law, Legal Decolonial Genealogy And Antony Anghie’S Historiography, Britt L.A.Q. (Haadiya) Hendrix

Theses and Dissertations

The (hi)stories of international law have strengthened the tentacles of coloniality in the legal regime as they continue to taunt the precarious lifeworlds of people, our planet and social imaginaries of an otherwise. The flow of coloniality has similarly rematerialized in decolonial legal theories and the postcolonial historiographical accounts of international law. I intend to demonstrate this colonial revival in the groundbreaking text of Antony Anghie Imperialism, Sovereignty and the Creation of International Law (2005) which challenged the (hi)stories of traditional jurisprudence. The latter was not necessarily a rejection nor negation of Western thought, because I argue that ...


Nudging Users Towards Data Privacy, Ossama Hanafy Jun 2022

Nudging Users Towards Data Privacy, Ossama Hanafy

Theses and Dissertations

The internet challenges users' privacy in unpreceded ways. Technology companies collect massive amounts of data from online users. They use algorithms that can track and analyze each activity by each user. Even though many users worry about their online privacy, they keep revealing more personal data. This study explores the causes behind online privacy erosion. While tech companies and governments aim to achieve economic and political goals, users are motivated by social motives. Online Privacy erosion leads to many harms to individuals and societies while collecting, processing, and disseminating data. Moreover, this study argues that the current legal approaches, especially ...


A (Partial And Principled) Defense Of Sentences Of Life Imprisonment, Mirko Bagaric, Jennifer Svilar Jun 2022

A (Partial And Principled) Defense Of Sentences Of Life Imprisonment, Mirko Bagaric, Jennifer Svilar

Cleveland State Law Review

There has been more than a five-fold increase in the number of life sentences in the United States over the past four decades. One in seven prisoners in the United States is serving a life (or virtual) life sentence. This amounts to over 200,000 prisoners. The increase has occurred against the backdrop of near universal condemnation by scholars and public policy advocates – many of whom are now advocating for the abolition of life sentences. Arguments that life sentences are not an effective deterrent or means of protecting the community have some merit. Yet, we argue that in a limited ...


The Violence In Our Humanity: Principles, Action, And The Erosion Of State Sovereignty, Rasheed Idou Jun 2022

The Violence In Our Humanity: Principles, Action, And The Erosion Of State Sovereignty, Rasheed Idou

Theses and Dissertations

The past two decades have witnessed an increasing number of armed conflicts, both inter- and intra-nationally, and an even more increasing number of multilateral military interventions without UN Security Council authorization. Central to the discussion of these interventions are the themes of humanitarianism and state sovereignty. The aim of this thesis is to investigate the relationship between humanitarian imperatives and principles of sovereignty within the context of armed conflict to better understand the tensions that have led to the current global outcomes. In so doing, it identifies how humanitarian principles, imperatives, and actions have affected the contemporary conception of state ...


Generic Ab Initio, James A. Heilpern, Earl Kjar Brown, William G. Eggington, Zachary D. Smith Jun 2022

Generic Ab Initio, James A. Heilpern, Earl Kjar Brown, William G. Eggington, Zachary D. Smith

Buffalo Law Review

From comic conventions to disbanded dioceses, courts continue to struggle with a unique but puzzling question of trademark law. Federal law protects certain terms that refer to a product or service from a specific producer instead of to a product generally. Terms that refer to products are considered generic and cannot receive protection. Courts have also held that a term that was generic at the time the party adopted the mark cannot receive protection, even if the public later views it as being specific to a particular producer. But, many marks were adopted decades or centuries ago. As a result ...


Combatting Global Sex Trafficking: The United Nations As A Powerless Entity Or An Untapped Resource?, Kimberly M. Lennox Jun 2022

Combatting Global Sex Trafficking: The United Nations As A Powerless Entity Or An Untapped Resource?, Kimberly M. Lennox

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Currency Manipulation: The Tale Of Missed Jurisdiction And No Regulation, Thomas J. Crociata Jun 2022

Currency Manipulation: The Tale Of Missed Jurisdiction And No Regulation, Thomas J. Crociata

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Artificial Intelligence/ Machine Learning-Based Medical Devices: Regulatory And Patentability Challenges, May Lee Jun 2022

Artificial Intelligence/ Machine Learning-Based Medical Devices: Regulatory And Patentability Challenges, May Lee

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Keep The Local Control, Federalize Teacher Prep: Finland's Model Makes The Case For A Nationalized Teacher Certification Program, Audry E. Thompson Jun 2022

Keep The Local Control, Federalize Teacher Prep: Finland's Model Makes The Case For A Nationalized Teacher Certification Program, Audry E. Thompson

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


China's Foreign Investment Law: Moving Toward Greater Liberalization?, Xianjun Feng, Chuanhui Wang Jun 2022

China's Foreign Investment Law: Moving Toward Greater Liberalization?, Xianjun Feng, Chuanhui Wang

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


The International Law And Politics Of The Trump Administration's Iran Policy, Nedim Hogic Jun 2022

The International Law And Politics Of The Trump Administration's Iran Policy, Nedim Hogic

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

Abstract: Donald Trump’s promise to lead an “America first” foreign policy captured the attention of both American and international legal scholars. This paper aims to join that debate by examining the international legal challenges of Trump administration’s policy towards Iran. It does so by examining two main approaches of the administration: the exercise of unilateral sanctions towards Iran and the negotiation strategy deployed by Donald Trump personally. In examining the former, the paper relies on doctrinal legal research. In examining the latter behavioral approach to international law and economics, I use a relatively novel approach borrowing insights from ...


The Post-Pandemic Order: A Blueprint For Balancing Health And Ip Interests In The Age Of Covid Variants, Arjun Padmanabhan, Tanner J. Wadsworth Jun 2022

The Post-Pandemic Order: A Blueprint For Balancing Health And Ip Interests In The Age Of Covid Variants, Arjun Padmanabhan, Tanner J. Wadsworth

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

In December 2021, the World Health Assembly (“WHA”) convened to develop a pandemic response treaty for future pandemics. Unfortunately, as presently envisioned, the resulting pandemic response framework will suffer from many of the same inadequacies that prevented existing frameworks from responding effectively to COVID-19. The threat of new pandemics emerging in the future—and new variants developing in the present—call for a more integrated, robust, comprehensive solution.

This Article lays a blueprint for that solution: a global multilateral Council empowered to (1) investigate developing pandemics; (2) incentivize pharmaceutical companies to rapidly-produce vaccines and share them through voluntary licenses or ...


Asean-Korea Strategic Partnership In New Asian Regionalism, Rachel Liting Chang Jun 2022

Asean-Korea Strategic Partnership In New Asian Regionalism, Rachel Liting Chang

Centre for Commercial Law in Asia

Over the past two decades, Asia has witnessed increasing regional trade integration with the rapid increase of free trade agreements (FTAs), constituting almost half of global trade pacts. Such a phenomenon has been said to give rise to “new Asian regionalism”, which is defined as a fundamental change in the multilateral trading system. It is a novel and normative integration process which focuses on ASEAN, and in particular the ASEAN Plus Six framework underlying Asia’s increasing economic power.