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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Visualizing And Analyzing Spatio-Temporal Trends In Home Values, Breck E. Polk Jan 2020

Visualizing And Analyzing Spatio-Temporal Trends In Home Values, Breck E. Polk

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

Understanding the trends of home values through space and time can provide valuable economic and financial insights for policy makers, real estate professionals, and prospective home buyers. To better understand these trends, Johannes Moenius desired an effective and efficient method of visualizing and statistical analyzing historical home transaction data, as well as machine learning models to predict home values from assessor features. To achieve these requirements, a method of processing historical transaction point data into space-time cubes and corresponding hot spot analyses was developed, and multiple Python scripts were written to apply assessor data to Multiple Linear Regression Model and ...


Uniting Deep-Sea Coral With Geomorphology, Jason Greenstein Dec 2019

Uniting Deep-Sea Coral With Geomorphology, Jason Greenstein

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

The Deep Sea Coral Research and Technology Program manages an online database containing deep-sea coral records. However, their data lacks standardized information about which seafloor feature each coral is located on, a factor which greatly influences their distribution. The goals of the project were to (a) enrich the Program’s deep-sea coral data with coincident geomorphic features, and (b) classify slope position zones for the Eastern U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). A standardized and authoritative seafloor geomorphic feature set of 24 feature classes was spatially joined to the coral data and can be used in the Program’s online ...


Gis- Driven Translations Of Film Narratives: A Space-Time Cube Of Christopher Nolan's Dunkirk, Grace "Miles" Ng Dec 2019

Gis- Driven Translations Of Film Narratives: A Space-Time Cube Of Christopher Nolan's Dunkirk, Grace "Miles" Ng

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

Space-time cubes are a form of 3D cartography ideal for the synthesis of temporal and spatial data, and have thus been used to construct qualitative narratives that map the pathways of stories and life histories over time. This project extends this methodology into the realm of filmmaking by translating Christopher Nolan’s 2017 film Dunkirk into a space-time cube. In doing so, this project in turn offers a synthesis of GIS and digital humanities. Through deliberate cutting across multiple characters’ perspectives, Dunkirk tells a tripartite narrative that is emotionally gripping yet logistically confusing. This project transforms Dunkirk’s non-linear narrative ...


Identifying Oak Tree Mortality Using Image Analysis, Zemenu Teshome Ambelu Aug 2019

Identifying Oak Tree Mortality Using Image Analysis, Zemenu Teshome Ambelu

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

Oak trees cover more than 8 million hectares of land in California. They have a significant role in providing an anchor for many wildlife habitats, settling soil for a watershed, and preserving the beauty of nature and the environment. Drought stress, wildfires, sudden outbreak of native pest occurrence, and improper interaction with humans, threaten California oaks. The Wildlands Conservancy’s Wind Wolves Preserve has a great concern for oak tree mortality. But has had difficulty finding and mapping oak tree health. To assess and monitor oaks field data collection has been expensive and timeconsuming, and field data collection may not ...


Visualizations Of Downtown San Bernardino And A Proposed Development Using Cityengine, Max Christian Babcock Aug 2019

Visualizations Of Downtown San Bernardino And A Proposed Development Using Cityengine, Max Christian Babcock

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

Cities are experiencing increasing growth in population and business infrastructure. These changes have profound impacts on urban planners and stakeholders alike, in how they view and conceptualize potential new developments. In the past, the downtown area of the City of San Bernardino would take on new projects only having a rendering of the proposed building(s), making it time consuming and difficult to understand the wider impact on the surrounding areas. Without view analyses these developments could potentially result in termination due to deadlines or loss of interest from stakeholder. This project addressed this issue by creating 3D renderings of ...


Testing Multivariate Alteration Detection For Tropical Deforestation Using Synthetic Aperture Radar (Sar) And Drone Imagery In Mamomi Valley, Panama, Abigail Bohman Aug 2019

Testing Multivariate Alteration Detection For Tropical Deforestation Using Synthetic Aperture Radar (Sar) And Drone Imagery In Mamomi Valley, Panama, Abigail Bohman

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

Monitoring tropical deforestation poses a juxtaposition of urgency and difficulty. Because of nearly constant cloud cover in the tropics, heavily studied and widely implemented methods using multispectral satellite imagery to do large-scale land monitoring are not possible. Being an active sensing system that can penetrate through clouds, Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) solves this issue, making it one of the best opportunities for tropical forest change in the tropics. In Mamoní Valley, Panama, Multivariate Alteration Detection (MAD) analysis was used with SAR Ground Range Detected imagery from the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Sentinel 1 satellite to test its viability for ...


Evaluating The Presence Of The Endocrine Disruptor 4-Nonylphenol In California Glaciers, Jonah Lay Aug 2019

Evaluating The Presence Of The Endocrine Disruptor 4-Nonylphenol In California Glaciers, Jonah Lay

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

The use of GIS in addressing environmental problems is evident in its application to the Sierra Nevada mountain range glaciers in California. The presence of 4-nonylphenol (4NP) in pesticides used in agriculture has led to its accumulation in California glaciers through onshore wind deposition. As an endocrine disruptor, 4NP poses a threat to human health because it can interrupt and alter physiological processes such as human development and metabolism, and lead to ovarian and prostate cancer at higher concentrations. To evaluate the mass of 4NP in the glacier, GIS analysis is conducted with considerations of wind direction, topographic features, and ...


Habitat Recovery Gis Toolbox For The Cleared Minefields Of The Falkland Islands, Anthony M. Vazquez Aug 2019

Habitat Recovery Gis Toolbox For The Cleared Minefields Of The Falkland Islands, Anthony M. Vazquez

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

The conclusion of the Falklands War of 1982 left behind minefields scattered across the Falkland Islands. Clearance activities began in 2009 to remove the mines from these minefields. Despite most of the minefields in the Falkland Islands having been cleared of active landmines, the Falkland Islands Government has decided to keep the fences standing around the cleared minefields over concern for the recovery of the vegetation. The Falkland Islands Government needs to continue assessment until the recovery reaches an optimal point to remove the fences and reincorporate the cleared minefields into the commons of the Falkland Islands. The purpose of ...


The Hyperwall: A Geospatial Education Exhibit For The Science Museum Of Virginia, Alexander Walton Jul 2019

The Hyperwall: A Geospatial Education Exhibit For The Science Museum Of Virginia, Alexander Walton

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

Modern museums rely on technologically advanced platforms to attract visitors and convey information. The Science Museum of Virginia (SMV) proposed a new interactive geospatial education exhibit called the EarthLab Data Hyperwall to support their mission statement of “inspiring Virginians to enhance their lives through science.” A hyperwall/video wall is a visualization tool composed of a large screen array used for education and collaborative work. The SMV’s Hyperwall Exhibit consists of a high resolution video wall controlled by a connected, visitor-accessible touchscreen. The exhibit educates visitors on several environmental and climatic topics using interactive maps to increase comprehension. This ...


Introducing Web Gis To A Remote Island: Long Caye, Lighthouse Reef, Belize, Jessica Marie Altamira Apr 2019

Introducing Web Gis To A Remote Island: Long Caye, Lighthouse Reef, Belize, Jessica Marie Altamira

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

This project focuses on the flexibility of web GIS’ integration at a small scale. The study area of this project was on Belize’s tropical island, Long Caye. Its private owners sought to share its features to adventurous tourists and potential land investors. The effectiveness of its low-quality geographic information delivery and lack of a centralized source for property data were problematic for management to reach higher efficiency levels. The web applications created in this project serve the purpose of public education and land administration by transforming traditional descriptions of the island features onto an interactive interface. The two final ...


A View Of The Bubonic Plague From The Perspective Of Ibn Battuta Using Gis, Luis Miguel Gutierrez Salines Dec 2018

A View Of The Bubonic Plague From The Perspective Of Ibn Battuta Using Gis, Luis Miguel Gutierrez Salines

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

The purpose of this project was to develop a spatial lens through which to see the historical interaction between 14th century traveler Abu Abdallah Muhammad Ibn Battuta and the bubonic plague. The secondary purpose for this project is to show how Geographic Information Systems can greatly contribute in the archiving and retrieval of historical data and the study of history overall. The primary objective was to develop an editable database that would contain spatial and historical information about Ibn Battuta and the bubonic plague. The secondary objective of this project was to upload the database on to ArcGIS Pro and ...


Legionnaires' Disease - A Prototype Tool To Identify At-Risk Hospital Rooms, Jonathan T. Quinn Dec 2018

Legionnaires' Disease - A Prototype Tool To Identify At-Risk Hospital Rooms, Jonathan T. Quinn

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

Nosocomial diseases are diseases that originate within hospital or healthcare facilities. Those types of diseases pose significant risks to patients staying within hospital or healthcare facilities as patients are often elderly or already have compromised immune systems. Often, the diseases are airborne or waterborne and frequently spread through the building’s utility systems, such as the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning, (HVAC), or water system. This report describes a proof of concept to identify parts of an HVAC system that may be affected by a contaminate, and which rooms within the building are at risk of spreading the contaminate. The ...


Managing Electric Utility Assets For The City Of Aspen, Colorado, Hamish Henderson Dec 2018

Managing Electric Utility Assets For The City Of Aspen, Colorado, Hamish Henderson

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

This project describes how an electric network can be modeled in GIS. In particular it will look at the City of Aspen’s electric distribution network. The City of Aspen, Colorado has a small underground electric network that has historically only been understood by a few individuals. These individuals are nearing retirement which has sparked a need for a transfer of knowledge. Over the last few years, the electric network has been slowly moved into a GIS database with a built in Geometric Network. The City of Aspen wants to move all of its utility assets, water, storm water and ...


Localizing Ecological Marine Units, Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary, Hayleigh Pervorse Aug 2018

Localizing Ecological Marine Units, Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary, Hayleigh Pervorse

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

Ecological Marine Units (EMUs), traditionally created at the global scale, provide information about ocean ecosystems from sea surface to sea floor. This project used data for the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary, located in the Gulf of Mexico, to create localized EMUs. A 3D point mesh was created from ecological data collected at different depths and times. Statistical analyses, clustering, benthic terrain analysis, and 3D visualization were then used to produce more detailed and more temporally-specific EMUs. The results show that creating localized EMUs do in fact provide more detail for small areas such as this marine sanctuary. The ...


Automating Wetland Prioritization Analyses Using Gis, Blythe Hawley Spendlove Jul 2018

Automating Wetland Prioritization Analyses Using Gis, Blythe Hawley Spendlove

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

In environmental and conservation fields, managers and other decision makers need to prioritize their efforts to specific areas using multiple-criteria decision analysis, to maximize environmental protection given limitations of budget and time. However, creating these prioritization models requires a combination of both scientific and technical skills, and many of those with the expertise to create scientifically sound prioritization models have limited time to devote to the technical aspects of the analysis. There was a need to automate this analysis process to enable scientists and other decision makers to quickly repeat analyses with different criteria and compare the results.

This project ...


Obstacles And Opportunities Of Using A Mobile App For Marine Mammal Research, Courtney H. Hann, Lei Lani Stelle, Andrew Szabo, Leigh G. Torres May 2018

Obstacles And Opportunities Of Using A Mobile App For Marine Mammal Research, Courtney H. Hann, Lei Lani Stelle, Andrew Szabo, Leigh G. Torres

Our House Articles, Posters, and Presentations

This study investigates the use of a mobile application, Whale mAPP, as a citizen science tool for collecting marine mammal sighting data. In just over three months, 1261 marine mammal sightings were observed and recorded by 39 citizen scientists in Southeast Alaska. The resulting data, along with a preliminary and post-Whale mAPP questionnaires, were used to evaluate the tool’s scientific, educational, and engagement feasibility. A comparison of Whale mAPP Steller sea lion distribution data to a scientific dataset were comparable (91% overlap) given a high enough sample size (n = 73) and dense spatial coverage. In addition, after using Whale ...


Internet Use And Online Activities In U.S. States: Geographic Disparities And Socio-Economic Influences, James B. Pick, Avijit Sarkar, Elizabeth Parrish Jan 2018

Internet Use And Online Activities In U.S. States: Geographic Disparities And Socio-Economic Influences, James B. Pick, Avijit Sarkar, Elizabeth Parrish

Our House Articles, Posters, and Presentations

Attention in the digital divide research agenda is shifting gradually from material access of information and communication technologies (ICTs) to actual use of ICTs. As internet usage increases worldwide and online activities concomitantly expand in range and sophistication, it becomes essential to examine patterns and disparities of such usage. This paper examines geographic patterns and disparities along with influences of demographic, economic, and social factors on internet use in U.S. states. Our conceptual model of internet use posits associations of 21 traditional (socio-economic) as well as non-traditional independent variables (social capital, societal openness, innovation, infrastructure, and affordability) with dependent ...


Generating Shadows For Urban Design, Robert E. Jensen Dec 2017

Generating Shadows For Urban Design, Robert E. Jensen

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

Through advancements in 3D technology, one is now able to analyze the impact of sunlight on the built environment by way of studying shadows and the amounts thereof. Urban planners, property developers, and other professionals are looking to expand upon, or work within, the premise of the right to light. The ability to know when and where shadows exist is a precursor to using that information to make better informed decisions about our environment. The ability to obtain information about shadows and, in turn, store that data in an accessible format that provides visualization possibilities is the desired outcome.


Reconstructing The Past In 3d Using Historical Aerial Imgery, Michael Broadbent Dec 2017

Reconstructing The Past In 3d Using Historical Aerial Imgery, Michael Broadbent

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

Historical aerial film images are a valuable record of the past, and are useful as a baseline for change detection and landcover analysis. To be useful in GIS analysis the images must be oriented to a spatial reference system. This is challenging as historical imagery is often missing flight and camera information. Traditional photogrammetric processing techniques exist to overcome these challenges, but they require specialized knowledge, time and expense to complete. Because of this, many collections of historical images are left unprocessed. This project produced a method to quickly standardize the photos, spatially orient them, correct them for distortion effects ...


Accuracy Assessment Of A Drone Mapping System, Enrique Angel Brincat Jun 2017

Accuracy Assessment Of A Drone Mapping System, Enrique Angel Brincat

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

The practical application of drones is dependent on the accuracy of their sensors. This study was conducted to statistically compare the California Department of Transportation’s (Caltrans) existing data with the newly acquired data created with a DJI Phantom 4 Pro. To better serve California, Caltrans requested this study to assess the use of drones in highway planning and design. Caltrans historically outsourced its aerial imagery acquisition to third party contractors. This process takes months for the imagery to be delivered, is expensive, and prone to delays. Determining the accuracy of drone mapping would allow the organization to have an ...


Film And Television Production Location Scouting - An Online Gis Based Location Library, Mark E. Gilbert Apr 2017

Film And Television Production Location Scouting - An Online Gis Based Location Library, Mark E. Gilbert

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

The film and television production industries are multibillion-dollar businesses for the State of California. When productions leave the state for other locations, the economic and workforce impacts on local communities relying on production business can be significant. The application of geographic information system (GIS) technology to the location scouting business is a novel approach to streamlining the location scouting process. Enhancing the site selection process by making it a web-based self-service endeavor, consolidating disparate data sources, and featuring local crew, talent, and filmfriendly businesses, the online location library assists the client in achieving key business efficiency objectives. The custom JavaScript ...


Gerrymandering In Redlands, California, Mark P. Kumler, Joseph Stoddard, Melodi C. King Jan 2017

Gerrymandering In Redlands, California, Mark P. Kumler, Joseph Stoddard, Melodi C. King

Our House Articles, Posters, and Presentations

In April 2016, the City of Redlands, California, began the process of creating council electoral districts to comply with voting rights acts and avoid litigation. Several maps prepared by a consultant were being considered when, in May 2017, a group of graduate students from the University of Redlands produced this map. The Council agreed that this map was as good as or better than the consultant’s maps, but it was too late to consider a new map giving the legislative requirements. It will be considered after the 2018 elections.


A Business Engagement Web Tool For Coachella Valley, Laura I. Busolo Jan 2017

A Business Engagement Web Tool For Coachella Valley, Laura I. Busolo

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

The interrelationship between businesses and the surrounding population is an inevitable reality and key to their success. The two play an important role in the development of their surroundings. Some of the businesses in Coachella Valley have participated in collaborative efforts with the Coachella Valley Economic Partnership (CVEP), to aid them in accessing their potential workforce, available in some of their specialized career academies. However, their current methods of easily accessing or finding the workforce have proved to be inefficient. To address this, Workforce Excellence, an arm of Coachella Valley Economic Partnership (CVEP), seeks to adopt spatially-enabled methods to improve ...


The City Of Riverside Food System Map And Healthy Food Accessibility Analysis, Josphat M. Mutunga Jan 2017

The City Of Riverside Food System Map And Healthy Food Accessibility Analysis, Josphat M. Mutunga

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

Food security is a component of both accessibility and nutritional value of food to the consumer. Food access is dependent on income and the distance a consumer covers to get to a food source. Healthy food access is therefore both a geographical and socio economic problem. In this project, the City of Riverside sought GIS technology to understand and tackle issues related to healthy food access. This was achieved through the development of an online application that maps local food resources and spatial analysis to investigate food access in relation to the spatial distribution of these resources. Income levels and ...


Spatiotemporal Patterns And Socioeconomic Dimensions Of Shared Accommodations: The Case Of Airbnb In Los Angeles, California, Avijit Sarkar, Mehrdad Koohikamali, James B. Pick Jan 2017

Spatiotemporal Patterns And Socioeconomic Dimensions Of Shared Accommodations: The Case Of Airbnb In Los Angeles, California, Avijit Sarkar, Mehrdad Koohikamali, James B. Pick

Our House Articles, Posters, and Presentations

In recent years, disruptive innovation by peer-to-peer platforms in a variety of industries, notably transportation and hospitality have altered the way individuals consume everyday essential services. With growth in sharing economy platforms such as Uber for ridesharing and Airbnb for short-term accommodations, interest in examining spatiotemporal patterns of participation in the sharing economy by suppliers and consumers is increasing. This research is motivated by key questions: who are the sharing economy workers, where are they located, and does their location influence their participation in the sharing economy? This paper is the first systematic effort to analyze spatiotemporal patterns of participation ...


Renewable Energy: Problems And Prospects In Coachella Valley, California, James B. Pick Jan 2017

Renewable Energy: Problems And Prospects In Coachella Valley, California, James B. Pick

Our House Books

The book analyzes the problems and potential of renewable energy development for the Coachella Valley of California and provides a useful case study for renewable energy feasibility assessments for other areas. A conceptual model, Integrated Policy Assessment Theory for Renewable Energy, is given and justified for renewable energy development in the Valley. Further, Central Place Theory, well known in urban geography, is discussed and it is seen to be very relevant to the understanding the Coachella Valley’s city sizes and renewable energy markets, compared to the greater Los Angeles region. The book’s research methods include geospatial mapping and ...


Information Re-Sharing On Social Network Sites In The Age Of Fake News, Mehrdad Koohikamali, Anna Sidorova Jan 2017

Information Re-Sharing On Social Network Sites In The Age Of Fake News, Mehrdad Koohikamali, Anna Sidorova

Our House Articles, Posters, and Presentations

Aim/Purpose: In the light of the recent attention to the role of social media in the dissemination of fake news, it is important to understand the relationship between the characteristics of the social media content and re-sharing behavior. This study seeks to examine individual level antecedents of information re-sharing behavior including individual beliefs about the quality of information available on social network sites (SNSs), attitude towards SNS use and risk perceptions and attitudes.

Methodology: Testing the research model by data collected through surveys that were adminis-tered to test the research model. Data was collected from undergraduate students in a ...


A Socially Acceptable Spatial Analysis Of Utility Photovoltaic Stations, Ruben Villalpando Jr. Jan 2016

A Socially Acceptable Spatial Analysis Of Utility Photovoltaic Stations, Ruben Villalpando Jr.

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

California, with its abundant natural resources, has a long history of support for renewable energy. These efforts, however, have raised concerns in some Mojave Desert rural communities that fear such development initiatives would result in alteration of the landscape and would significantly impact their lifestyle. This study was carried out to provide rural residents with mapping visualizations that would help alleviate their concerns.

This project built a prototype tool, provided a web mapping application, and provided a three dimensional simulation. The prototype tool was developed with Esri ArcGIS software to allow the end user to adjust the relative importance of ...


A Geographic Information System For Salt Marsh Mosquito Control In Naval Base Ventura County Point Mugu, Charles Adi Vuchiteh Jan 2016

A Geographic Information System For Salt Marsh Mosquito Control In Naval Base Ventura County Point Mugu, Charles Adi Vuchiteh

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

The project was about developing a GIS solution for salt marsh mosquito control in

Naval Base Ventura County Point Mugu (NBVC), a United States Naval Station. The

Point Mugu Naval base was faced with nuisance of black salt marsh mosquitos every

mosquito season which affects a population of aproximately1546 civilian, military

personnel’s and their dependents that live on sites. The Naval Base needed to identify potential areas for salt marsh mosquito breeding and thus develop a method to Control and monitor the pests while minimizing harm to people and the environment. To solve this problem, a GIS solution was ...


Development Of A Coral Reef Mapping Tool For St. Maarten, James Osundwa Jan 2016

Development Of A Coral Reef Mapping Tool For St. Maarten, James Osundwa

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

An abstract is a self-contained, summary description of the project report. An abstract Coral reefs contribute significantly to the socio-economic well-being of the people of St. Maarten, an island in the Caribbean. These coral reefs are rapidly declining due to various environmental and social factors. This project developed a prototype citizen scientist mapping tool comprised of an Android mobile application built using a customized version of an Open Source software called Open Data Kit (ODK), and an ArcGIS Online web mapping application built using a standard template of Esri's Web AppBuilder. This tool was designed to assist recreational divers ...