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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Plan Of Townships. Nos. 21 & 27 E.D. East Half No. 43 M.D. No. 6 & N. Half No. 5 With The Two Mile Strips North, N.D. Situated In The County Of Washington, State Of Maine, Richard N. Hayden, John Gardner Jan 9999

Plan Of Townships. Nos. 21 & 27 E.D. East Half No. 43 M.D. No. 6 & N. Half No. 5 With The Two Mile Strips North, N.D. Situated In The County Of Washington, State Of Maine, Richard N. Hayden, John Gardner

Maine Bicentennial

Undated, printed map of townships in Washington County, Maine, made from surveys by R. N. Hayden and John Gardner. The map includes 92,160 acres, exclusive of Native American holdings. The map label reads: "Plan of Townships. Nos. 21 & 27 E.D. East half. No. 43 M.D. No. 6 & N. half No. 5 with two mile strips north, N.D. Situated in County of Washington, State of Maine." The map scale is 1:63,360, or one inch to a mile.


Undated Lot Survey Bordering South Line Of Plymouth Township, John Gardner Jan 9999

Undated Lot Survey Bordering South Line Of Plymouth Township, John Gardner

Maine Bicentennial

Undated, hand-drawn map in pen and ink on vellum. Map has no recorded title, date or scale. A red bordered adhesive stamp is labeled T.ship 3 in pencil. A faded pencil inscription at the bottom of the map is illegible. Lovely Brook is identified as laying south of the identified "South Line of the Plymouth Township," but a larger river bisecting the land block is unidentified. The creator of the map is not identified but the document is part of the collection belonging to John Gardner.


Untitled Washington County Lot Survey On Vellum, John Gardner Jan 9999

Untitled Washington County Lot Survey On Vellum, John Gardner

Maine Bicentennial

Undated, pencil, pen and ink map of a portion of the eastern border of Washington and Hancock Counties, Maine and include townships No. 5, No. 6, No. 42, No. 43, No. 36, No. 37, No. 30 and No. 31. Pencil notations indicate the location of dams and woods camps. Names included on camps include: J. Hayward and N. Bowker. Many of the landscape features are labeled.


Plan Of Lands Set Off To Settlers On The St. John, John Gardner Jan 9999

Plan Of Lands Set Off To Settlers On The St. John, John Gardner

Maine Bicentennial

Undated, plan "of lands set off to settlers on the St. John River in Township letter L & M R 2nd W E L S by the C---- s------ of Maine & Massachusetts app---- to carry into effect the 4th article of the Treaty of Washington [1842]."

The Treaty of Washington, also known as the Webster-Ashburton Treaty, signed August 9, 1842, resolved border issues between the United States and British North American colonies in the region that became Canada. This treaty resolved the Aroostook War, disputing the location of the Maine-New Brunswick border. The creator of the map is not identified but ...


Blue Hill Academy Lot, Washington County, John Gardner Jan 9999

Blue Hill Academy Lot, Washington County, John Gardner

Maine Bicentennial

Pen and ink, hand-drawn map of Blue Hill Academy property containing 12,320 acres. Map includes a survey of tree species and landscape features along one of the property boundaries. The map is faded and includes lightly penciled notes and additions. A red-bordered contact adhesive sticker on the face of the map reads: "T.ship 1." Virso is marked "Tship 24." The map does not include a scale.

Key
b — Burnt land
h — Heath
S — Sedar [sic] swamp
g — hardwood stand
v — Rocky land
l — Ledgy land
m — Meadow land
p — Pine
sp — Spruce
J — hackmatack


"Ni Hao" Is The New "Aloha": Asia's Rise In Tourism, Julianne Binns Jun 2020

"Ni Hao" Is The New "Aloha": Asia's Rise In Tourism, Julianne Binns

Marriott Student Review

Asia has become one of the fastest growing areas in terms of travel and tourism. When it comes to investing in tourism (in ay form) one should keep a watchful eye on the region. This paper addresses the evidence of growth, reasons behind the growth, and what to expect in the future. As the region strengthens in economic power and shines light on its positives, more travelers are making their way to (or around) Asia. With coronavirus now being quelled in the region, it is only a matter of time before the numbers pick back up again. No doubt, the ...


Fair World 64: A Text-Based Game Of The 1964–1965 World's Fair, Christofer R. Gass Jun 2020

Fair World 64: A Text-Based Game Of The 1964–1965 World's Fair, Christofer R. Gass

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The project is a text-based game of a typical day during the first season of the 1964 World’s Fair in what is now Flushing Meadows-Corona Park. The 1964-1965 World’s Fair, that Robert Moses presided over as president, was one of the largest and most expensive fairs ever created, but only days after the last fairgoer left through the turnstile most of the many pavilions that brought education, entertainment, and joy to so many people were destroyed to leave a vast open space that is relatively empty to this day. Although most of the pavilions were either relocated or ...


Reclaiming Indiana: The Politics Of Crisis Amid The Failures Of Liberal Capitalist Modernity, Chris Grove Jun 2020

Reclaiming Indiana: The Politics Of Crisis Amid The Failures Of Liberal Capitalist Modernity, Chris Grove

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This ethnography examines grassroots political responses to the economic crisis that began in 2008, foremost in the US Midwest, which arguably laid the groundwork both for the election of President Donald Trump and presidential candidacy of Senator Bernie Sanders. President Obama launched his $787 billion stimulus plan in Elkhart, Indiana, in early 2009. At the height of the crisis, unemployment skyrocketed from four to 20 percent in Elkhart, and it became central to struggles over the political direction of the US. With few safety nets, Elkhart residents struggled to meet their basic needs, creating conditions for political organizing on both ...


Branding The Sacral Landscape: Religious Content In Regional Tourism Marketing, Set In A Post-Secular Society, Markus Hilpert May 2020

Branding The Sacral Landscape: Religious Content In Regional Tourism Marketing, Set In A Post-Secular Society, Markus Hilpert

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

There is a paucity of research on the branding of sacral landscapes as a regional strategy in tourism marketing. On the one hand, the concept of place branding, to date, has been transferred very little to sacred destinations, while on the other hand, religious content and modern tourist marketing barely fit together. Nonetheless, the perception of religion in a postmodern society opens up new opportunities for sacred places to reposition themselves in the competition faced by tourist destinations. The aim of this article is to show how German tourism regions with a religious focus build their brand. Through analyzing six ...


Anchorite Sacred Caves In Serbia: Balancing Between Pilgrimage And Religious Tourism Development, Aleksandar Antić May 2020

Anchorite Sacred Caves In Serbia: Balancing Between Pilgrimage And Religious Tourism Development, Aleksandar Antić

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

Serbia is a country with diverse karst terrain, full of various surface and underground karst formations. This terrain is one of the factors that influenced the development of cultures and civilizations in this area. Many archaeological findings indicate that prehistoric people found refuge, safety and peace in many caves in present-day Serbia. The natural environment has also influenced many spiritual endeavours, which have shaped cultural identities throughout history. In this study, Orthodox anchorite sacred caves in Serbia are explored, as well as their related pilgrimage activities and potential for religious tourism development. For the purpose of this research, three pilgrimage ...


(Re)Inscribing Meaning: Embodied Religious-Spiritual Practices At Croagh Patrick And Our Lady’S Island, Ireland, Richard Scriven, Eoin O'Mahony May 2020

(Re)Inscribing Meaning: Embodied Religious-Spiritual Practices At Croagh Patrick And Our Lady’S Island, Ireland, Richard Scriven, Eoin O'Mahony

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

Responding to calls for critical interrogations of pilgrimages, our paper examines how different religious meanings are (re)inscribed in spaces through the performance of annual events in a post-secular context. This focus reveals how pilgrims’ embodied practices are fundamental to continuing definitions of these locations as sacred places. Using accounts of the Croagh Patrick and Our Lady’s Island pilgrimages in Ireland, we trace the movement of people in these spaces focusing on how meanings are forged, refracted, and challenged through the performances. These mass embodiments assert traditional understandings of Christian worship and looser spiritual interpretations, while simultaneously involving secular ...


Architecture And Geography Of China Proper: Influence Of Geography On The Diversity Of Chinese Traditional Architectural Motifs And The Cultural Values They Reflect, Shiqi Liang May 2020

Architecture And Geography Of China Proper: Influence Of Geography On The Diversity Of Chinese Traditional Architectural Motifs And The Cultural Values They Reflect, Shiqi Liang

Culture, Society, and Praxis

This article examines regional geographical differences and their reflection in the diversity of Chinese traditional architectural motifs within China proper. This article specifically focuses on how regional geographical differences lead people to prioritize different cultural values and how those values were reflected in their respective architectural motifs.


Immigrants And Their Voting Power In Nevada, Elia Del Carmen Solano-Patricio, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr. May 2020

Immigrants And Their Voting Power In Nevada, Elia Del Carmen Solano-Patricio, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr.

Demography

This Fact Sheet presents the number of both documented and undocumented immigrants in Nevada, synthesizing data provided by New American Economy (NAE), a bipartisan research non-profit organization. To estimate the total number of immigrants in the U.S. and across each of the 50 states, researchers reviewed various data sources including the U.S. Census, the American Community Survey, the Center for Migration Studies, and the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).


The Consequences Of Guiding Profession Deregulation For The Status And Training Of Tourist Guides: A Portuguese Overview, Luis Miguel Brito May 2020

The Consequences Of Guiding Profession Deregulation For The Status And Training Of Tourist Guides: A Portuguese Overview, Luis Miguel Brito

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

In the present neoliberal market economy, the so-called free tours and their unlicensed tourist guides found the perfect environment to practice their activity, which is often criticised by licensed guides. The overall difference between the two types of guides is related to the fact that licensed guides have a formal specific education and training to do their job, sometimes complemented with continuous professional development, whereas free tours’ guides don’t. Therefore, several questions come to mind: Since unqualified guides are actually working without any training, should there be any formal education for tourist guides? How useful is formal and continuous ...


The Role Of Tourist Guides In The Multi-Vocal Presentation Of Heritage, Veronica Barbara May 2020

The Role Of Tourist Guides In The Multi-Vocal Presentation Of Heritage, Veronica Barbara

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

People tend to think of heritage sites as places for education and entertainment. In reality, visitors also seek sites for other reasons, often more personal in nature. This is due to the different voices within the heritage experience which make sites not only highly contested areas but also sensitive spaces to interpret and present. Based on the qualitative research done for an MA dissertation entitled ‘Are we being multi-vocal? The case of presenting Archaeological Heritage in Malta’, the author explores the different values that artefacts and sites have for different people and how the visiting experience can lead from the ...


Roles And Responsibilities Of A Tourist Guide And Their Trainers: Reflections And Recommendations, Vincent Zammit May 2020

Roles And Responsibilities Of A Tourist Guide And Their Trainers: Reflections And Recommendations, Vincent Zammit

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

My first ever guiding experience, was telling stories to my siblings and cousins, and other friends who would bother to come with me around the streets of my home-town, Valletta. I remember my first visit to an exhibition, back in 1970. As a 15-year old I was impressed with all the exhibits, coming from all over the world. I also remember reading the captions and wondering how was it possible to remember all that information. Maybe the seeds of guiding were already there. Interest in visiting places and guiding continued. For thirteen years I worked as a guide with the ...


Foreign Language Teaching And The Politics Of Culture In A Tour Guiding Curriculum, Ruth Azzopardi May 2020

Foreign Language Teaching And The Politics Of Culture In A Tour Guiding Curriculum, Ruth Azzopardi

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

Language teaching courses for prospective tour guides often focus exclusively on the linguistic medium of communication, coupled with a basic awareness of history and geography. This paper argues that language courses in tourism institutes should not separate the teaching of a language from wider political and cultural spheres. Similarly, during their daily encounters with visitors, tour guides should not present an unrealistic, idyllic image of a particular place, avoiding questions of a more political or socio-cultural nature. Taking French language teaching at the Institute of Tourism Studies (ITS), Malta, as a practical example, this paper studies how the teaching and ...


On Tourist Guiding: Reflecting On A Centuries-Old Profession And Proposing Future Challenges, Luis Miguel Brito, Glen Farrugia May 2020

On Tourist Guiding: Reflecting On A Centuries-Old Profession And Proposing Future Challenges, Luis Miguel Brito, Glen Farrugia

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

This paper provides a historical overview of Tourist Guiding, followed by some thoughts and reflections on how we can improve and develop our profession into the 21st Century. Thus, the paper traces the main developments of the profession through time. The idea of the paper is to offer a context to this new Journal, and hopefully entice the reader to draw useful parallels when critically reading the content of this and future issues of this publication.


Introduction To The International Journal Of Tour Guiding Research, Glen Farrugia, Luis Miguel Brito, Kevin A. Griffin May 2020

Introduction To The International Journal Of Tour Guiding Research, Glen Farrugia, Luis Miguel Brito, Kevin A. Griffin

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

No abstract provided.


Ijtgr Volume 1(I) Table Of Contents, Kevin A. Griffin, Glen Farrugia, Luis Miguel Brito May 2020

Ijtgr Volume 1(I) Table Of Contents, Kevin A. Griffin, Glen Farrugia, Luis Miguel Brito

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

Table of Contents for the Inaugural Issue of The International Journal of Tour Guiding Research


Exploring The Archaeological And Geographical Past Of Fort Spokane: A Proposal, Hope Sands, Brian Buchanan May 2020

Exploring The Archaeological And Geographical Past Of Fort Spokane: A Proposal, Hope Sands, Brian Buchanan

2020 Symposium Posters

This poster presents the project design of a student-led research project addressing the history and archaeological significance of Fort Spokane, a 19th century military fortification along Lake Roosevelt and south of Coolie Dam, Washington. Portions of the Fort were previously excavated, however, since then not much has been done in terms of archaeological research and key questions remain on the development and landscape history of the fort (Riser and DePuydt 2012). New methodologies and theoretical approaches make this an ideal time to reexamine the fort, and to address key questions on how the fort developed, why it was located where ...


La Maestra’S Circle Of Care: Studying The Impact Of An Integrated Service Model On The Health And Well-Being Of Vulnerable Populations, Zara Marselian May 2020

La Maestra’S Circle Of Care: Studying The Impact Of An Integrated Service Model On The Health And Well-Being Of Vulnerable Populations, Zara Marselian

Dissertations

ABSTRACT

There is an urgent need to reform the health care delivery system in the United States, as recognized through current bipartisan efforts. Society’s vulnerable populations especially need health care reform as health care outcomes are the poorest among disadvantaged populations. Moreover, vulnerable populations are twice as likely to develop chronic diseases than the general population and they remain ill due to other contextual, societal factors affecting their ability to achieve health and well-being. This population is subjected to adverse life events that suggest a more comprehensive approach to health and well-being is called for.

The Circle of Care ...


What Does A "Just" Local Food System Look Like? Views From Worcester In A Changing Climate, Marguerite Cawley May 2020

What Does A "Just" Local Food System Look Like? Views From Worcester In A Changing Climate, Marguerite Cawley

Capstone Collection

Food and climate are closely intertwined, with the high-emissions U.S. industrial food system contributing to climate change, while a changing climate produces new food system vulnerabilities, which will particularly impact those of the least means. This research is premised on the need to transform our food system, and to define what this vision looks like at the local level, while centering questions of power, justice and rights. It explores how groups, organizations and individuals engaged in local food system change envision transformation and understand corresponding social justice concerns, in a changing climate. It looks at opportunities for food and ...


Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis In Traffic Safety, Amin Azimian, Dimitra Pyrialakou May 2020

Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis In Traffic Safety, Amin Azimian, Dimitra Pyrialakou

International Journal of Geospatial and Environmental Research

This paper presents an exploratory spatial data analysis (ESDA) of road traffic crashes at different severity levels in West Virginia (WV). Although ESDA can support transportation safety decision-making by helping planners understand and summarize crash data, it is underutilized in practice. This paper describes the application of five representative easy-to-use method to identify crash patterns and high crash-risk counties in WV. Analysis of crash data from 2010 to 2015 indicated that traffic crashes in WV were not spatially correlated. However, crash severities were found to be positively correlated.


Development Of A Modified Floristic Quality Index As A Rapid Habitat Assessment Method In The Northern Evergladesr, Rebakah E. Gibble, Donatto D. Surratt May 2020

Development Of A Modified Floristic Quality Index As A Rapid Habitat Assessment Method In The Northern Evergladesr, Rebakah E. Gibble, Donatto D. Surratt

U.S. National Park Service Publications and Papers

Floristic quality assessments (FQA) using floristic quality indices (FQIs) are useful tools for assessing and comparing vegetation communities and related habitat condition. However, intensive vegetation surveys requiring significant time and technical expertise are necessary, which limits the use of FQIs in environmental monitoring programs. This study modified standard FQI methods to develop a rapid assessment method for characterizing and modeling change in wetland habitat condition in the northern Everglades. Method modifications include limiting vegetation surveys to a subset of taxa selected as indicators of impact and eliminating richness and/or abundance factors from the equation. These modifications reduce the amount ...


"Currency Is A Most Poisonous Tool": State Capitalism, Nonmarket Socialism, And The Elimination Of Money During The Cambodian Genocide, James A. Tyner May 2020

"Currency Is A Most Poisonous Tool": State Capitalism, Nonmarket Socialism, And The Elimination Of Money During The Cambodian Genocide, James A. Tyner

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Between 1975 and 1979, the Communist Party of Kampuchea sought to establish a non-monetary and non-market economy. In the process, however, upwards of 1.7 million men, women, and children perished. This paper provides a critical evaluation of the CPK’s decision to eliminate money in its attempt to transform Cambodia’s pre-revolutionary economy into a communist mode of production. First, I provide some general remarks on Marx, money, and markets; the purpose here is to establish a common foundation for readers, in order to properly assess Khmer Rouge monetary policies with those of orthodox reading of Marxism. Second, I ...


Rethinking Boundaries, Spaces, And Networks Between Geography And Military Science: Understanding And Actualizing Real-Time Integrated Command And Control For Joint Air Operations, Samuel Wright May 2020

Rethinking Boundaries, Spaces, And Networks Between Geography And Military Science: Understanding And Actualizing Real-Time Integrated Command And Control For Joint Air Operations, Samuel Wright

Honors Theses

Imagine a military commander standing around a table with a three-dimensional hologram projected onto to it. The hologram is of an ongoing air war of which this general is in command. Friendly forces are portrayed in blue and enemy forces in red as the opposing forces movements and actions are tracked and continuously updated. The commander has god’s eye view of where his forces are positioned relative to the enemy’s forces. Because of this view, the commander is able to make effective decisions with quick synergistic efficiency to achieve his desired outcome: defeat of the enemy. This scene ...


Samsts Satellite Time Series Gap Filling Source Codes - Landsat, Lin Yan, David P. Roy May 2020

Samsts Satellite Time Series Gap Filling Source Codes - Landsat, Lin Yan, David P. Roy

SAMSTS Satellite Time Series Gap Filling Source Codes

  • SAMSTS is open-source software (coded in C) for gap filling of Landsat multispectral time series developed by Drs. Lin Yan and David Roy.
  • SAMSTS 1.1.1 release includes source codes, user manual and test data.
  • The test data are year-2013 time series of Landsat 7 ETM+ and Landsat 8 OLI ARD surface reflectance products (http://landsat.usgs.gov/ard) over Kansas and Iowa. Each ARD tile is composed of 5000 x 5000 30m pixels with six bands (blue, red, green, NIR, SWIR 1, SWIR 2).
  • Major Software functionality:
    • Automatic gap filling of Landsat multispectral time series caused by clouds ...


Ecosystem Services Of Urban Tree Canopy For The Mitigation Of Climate Change: Measuring Carbon Sequestration And Understory Temperature Reduction Of Knoxville’S Urban Forest, Tyler Hounshell May 2020

Ecosystem Services Of Urban Tree Canopy For The Mitigation Of Climate Change: Measuring Carbon Sequestration And Understory Temperature Reduction Of Knoxville’S Urban Forest, Tyler Hounshell

Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at the University of Tennessee

In the future, the city of Knoxville, Tennessee will be impacted by climate warming due to anthropogenic climate change. Yet, the ecosystem services provided by urban tree canopy in Knoxville’s urban forest can help mitigate the effects of climate warming. In addition to improving air quality, regulating water flow, and reducing noise pollution, Knoxville’s urban forest serves as a carbon sink and sequesters carbon dioxide on an annual basis. Utilizing methods for calculating carbon sequestration by trees in urban and suburban settings developed by the U.S. Energy Information Administration, the sequestration potential and its uncertainty is calculated ...


How Farms Make Money, Caroline Parlee May 2020

How Farms Make Money, Caroline Parlee

Research Day

One of the challenges confronting Massachusetts is how to feed its population with local resources. It takes a lot of food to feed these people and a lot of this food is coming from out of state. This means that the state's food supply requires fossil fuels for transport and this contributes to the state's carbon footprint and climate change. Numerous studies have recommended that food should be eaten and produced in the same area to increase sustainability and resilience and reduce its environmental impacts. So, the question is how to promote local agriculture? To do this we ...