Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 20 of 20

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Group Cooperation Under Uncertainty, Min Gong, Joanne Baron, Howard Kunreuther Dec 2009

Group Cooperation Under Uncertainty, Min Gong, Joanne Baron, Howard Kunreuther

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

Previous research has shown an ‘interindividual-intergroup discontinuity effect’: intergroup interactions generally lead to less cooperative outcomes than interindividual interactions. We replicate the discontinuity effect in the deterministic prisoner’s dilemma, but find that groups are more cooperative than individuals in a stochastic version of the game. Three major factors that underlie the usual discontinuity effect are reduced in the stochastic environment: greed, fear, and persuasion power. Two group mechanisms are proposed to explain the reversed discontinuity effect: the motivation to avoid guilt and blame when making decisions that affect others’ welfare, and the social pressure to conform to certain norms ...


Report On The Progress Of The In-Step Pilot Program, 2008-2009, Thomas B. Corcoran Dec 2009

Report On The Progress Of The In-Step Pilot Program, 2008-2009, Thomas B. Corcoran

CPRE Research Reports

This is the second report on the progress of the Inquiry Based Science and Technology Education Program (IN-STEP), an innovative science education initiative being implemented in the lower secondary schools of Phang-nga province. Sponsored by MSD Thailand, a pharmaceutical company, and supported by funding from its parent company, Merck & Co., Inc., IN-STEP is being implemented by a public-private partnership led by the Kenan Institute Asia (K.I.Asia), which, besides MSD Thailand and Merck & Co., includes the Thai Ministry of Education (MOE), the Merck Institute for Science Education (MISE), the Educational Services Area Office (ESAO) in Phang-nga province, the Institute ...


Can Interim Assessments Be Used For Instructional Change, Margaret E. Goertz, Leslie Nabors Olah, Matthew Riggan Dec 2009

Can Interim Assessments Be Used For Instructional Change, Margaret E. Goertz, Leslie Nabors Olah, Matthew Riggan

CPRE Policy Briefs

The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the use of interim assessments and the policy supports that promote their use to change instruction, focusing on elementary school mathematics. The study looked at how 45 elementary school teachers in a purposive sample of 9 schools in 2 districts used interim assessments in mathematics in 2006-07. The study focused on teachers' use of data in a cycle of instructional improvement; that is, how teachers gather or access evidence about student learning; analyze and interpret that evidence; use evidence to plan instruction; and carry out improved instruction.

Authors conclude that interim ...


College Knowledge Of 9th And 11th Grade Students: Variation By School And State Context, Angela D. Bell, Heather T. Rowan-Kenyon, Laura W. Perna Nov 2009

College Knowledge Of 9th And 11th Grade Students: Variation By School And State Context, Angela D. Bell, Heather T. Rowan-Kenyon, Laura W. Perna

GSE Faculty Research

While college enrollment rates have increased over the last 40 years, gaps still exist across groups. College enrollment rates are lower for high school graduates whose parents have not attended college, those with low-incomes, as well as Black and Latino/a students than for other high school graduates (Baum & Ma, 2007; Ellwood & Kane, 2000; NCES, 2007; Thomas & Perna, 2004). Widening gaps in income and health insurance coverage between high school and college graduates (Baum & Ma, 2007) suggest the economic and social imperative of working to increase college-going rates among these underrepresented groups.


Language Planning And Policy And Multilingual Education In Catalonia, Monserrat Roda-Bencells Oct 2009

Language Planning And Policy And Multilingual Education In Catalonia, Monserrat Roda-Bencells

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

No abstract provided.


Language Planning And Policy In Taiwan: Past, Present, And Future, Ming-Hsuan Wu Oct 2009

Language Planning And Policy In Taiwan: Past, Present, And Future, Ming-Hsuan Wu

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

No abstract provided.


Redemption Radio: Aymara Language Planning At Radio San Gabriel, Karl F. Swinehart Oct 2009

Redemption Radio: Aymara Language Planning At Radio San Gabriel, Karl F. Swinehart

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

No abstract provided.


The Ecology Of Language In Ukraine, Bridget Goodman Oct 2009

The Ecology Of Language In Ukraine, Bridget Goodman

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

No abstract provided.


Multilingual Education Policy And Practice: Ten Certainties (Grounded In Indigenous Experience), Nancy H. Hornberger Oct 2009

Multilingual Education Policy And Practice: Ten Certainties (Grounded In Indigenous Experience), Nancy H. Hornberger

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

No abstract provided.


School Improvement By Design: Lessons From A Study Of Comprehensive School Reform Programs, Brian Rowan, Richard Miller, Eric Camburn Aug 2009

School Improvement By Design: Lessons From A Study Of Comprehensive School Reform Programs, Brian Rowan, Richard Miller, Eric Camburn

CPRE Research Reports

This CPRE report is a reprint of a chapter that originally appeared as Chapter 49 of the Handbook of Education Policy Research, edited by Gary Sykes, Barbara Schneider, and DavidN.Plank and published for theAmerican Educational Research Association by Routledge Publishers in 2009. The reprinted chapter presents key findings from A Study of Instructional Improvement, a study that was conducted under the auspices of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education and directed by Brian Rowan, David K. Cohen, and Deborah Loewenberg Ball (all at the University of Michigan).This study examined the design, implementation, and instructional effectiveness of three ...


Learning Progressions In Science: An Evidence-Based Approach To Reform, Thomas B. Corcoran, Frederic A. Mosher, Aaron Rogat May 2009

Learning Progressions In Science: An Evidence-Based Approach To Reform, Thomas B. Corcoran, Frederic A. Mosher, Aaron Rogat

CPRE Research Reports

American education policy seems poised to escalate and shift its two decade long commitment to standards and outcome-based reform. That commitment has involved a set of “grand bargains”, in which the federal government provides Title I (The “No Child Left Behind Act” or NCLB) disadvantaged education funds in return for the states’ agreeing to set ambitious content standards, and define performance or “proficiency” standards associated with them that all students in the states’ schools will be expected to meet by the 2013/2014 school year. The disadvantaged children targeted by Title I are expected to meet the same standards as ...


Indigenous Language Literacies Of The Northwest Amazon, Luke Fleming Apr 2009

Indigenous Language Literacies Of The Northwest Amazon, Luke Fleming

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

No abstract provided.


Voicing The First Year Of Teaching: The Narration Of Self, Other And Institution Through Reported Speech, Katherine Crawford-Garrett Apr 2009

Voicing The First Year Of Teaching: The Narration Of Self, Other And Institution Through Reported Speech, Katherine Crawford-Garrett

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

No abstract provided.


Language Use And Negotiation In A Philadelphia Chinatown Bakery, Genevieve Y. Leung Apr 2009

Language Use And Negotiation In A Philadelphia Chinatown Bakery, Genevieve Y. Leung

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

No abstract provided.


"Hidden" Features Of Academic Paper Writing, Brian Street Apr 2009

"Hidden" Features Of Academic Paper Writing, Brian Street

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

No abstract provided.


Narrative Self-Constructions Of Senator Ralph Yarborough In The 1967 Congressional Hearings On The Bilingual Education Act, Jamie L. Schissel Apr 2009

Narrative Self-Constructions Of Senator Ralph Yarborough In The 1967 Congressional Hearings On The Bilingual Education Act, Jamie L. Schissel

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

No abstract provided.


Learning About Assessment: An Evaluation Of A Ten-State Effort To Build Assessment Capacity In High Schools, Elliot H. Weinbaum Feb 2009

Learning About Assessment: An Evaluation Of A Ten-State Effort To Build Assessment Capacity In High Schools, Elliot H. Weinbaum

CPRE Research Reports

In 2006, the State of Delaware and the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) partnered with the Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE) to conduct an evaluation of a ten-state initiative that sought to enhance assessment practices at the high school level. This effort aimed to help states, districts, and schools build familiarity with instruction that uses assessment as part of the learning process, a practice known as assessment for learning. This report focuses primarily on the third goal of this project, the creation and function of teacher learning teams focused on assessment for learning.


Why Are The Disability Rolls Skyrocketing? The Contribution Of Population Characteristics, Economic Conditions, And Program Generosity, Mark Duggan, Scott. A. Imberman Jan 2009

Why Are The Disability Rolls Skyrocketing? The Contribution Of Population Characteristics, Economic Conditions, And Program Generosity, Mark Duggan, Scott. A. Imberman

Health Care Management Papers

This chapter, which addresses three categories of explanation—the characteristics of individuals insured by the Disability Insurance (DI) program, the state of the economy, and the generosity of program benefits—argues that the growth in DI rolls is likely to continue and perhaps accelerate going forward. The data indicate that the recessions of 1991 and 2001 can explain 24 percent of the growth in DI receipt among men and 12 percent of the growth among women. Changes in health during the past two decades have slowed rather than added to the growth of the DI rolls. DI awards for certain ...


La Educación Multilingüe, Política Y Práctica: Diez Certezas, Nancy H. Hornberger Jan 2009

La Educación Multilingüe, Política Y Práctica: Diez Certezas, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Faculty Research

No abstract provided.


Financial Aid And College Enrollment, Laura W. Perna Jan 2009

Financial Aid And College Enrollment, Laura W. Perna

GSE Faculty Research

Financial aid is a critical lever for increasing postsecondary attainment in the United States, and perhaps the most useful tool in the kit of policymakers for increasing college access and choice among Blacks, Hispanics, low-income students, and other groups underrepresented in higher education.