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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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Education

2007

Iowa State University

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Articles 1 - 29 of 29

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Using The Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale To Examine The Psychological Wellness Of Today's Undergraduate Students, Joy M. Kozar, Sara B. Marcketti Nov 2007

Using The Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale To Examine The Psychological Wellness Of Today's Undergraduate Students, Joy M. Kozar, Sara B. Marcketti

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Life satisfaction, or the global evaluation of ones' own life, is an essential component of subjective well-being. The increasing formation of wellness programs in higher education settings is evidence of institutional efforts to enhance the quality of life, psychological well-being, and holistic development of students.


Understanding Children: Self-Esteem, Lesia L. Oesterreich Sep 2007

Understanding Children: Self-Esteem, Lesia L. Oesterreich

Human Sciences Extension and Outreach Publications

Self-esteem involves developing a sense of self-worth by feeling lovable and capable. Children tackle this task differently at different developmental ages. Learn about those differences and what parents can do.


Understanding Children: Children And Sleep, Lesia L. Oesterreich Aug 2007

Understanding Children: Children And Sleep, Lesia L. Oesterreich

Human Sciences Extension and Outreach Publications

Regular rest and sleep are necessary for children. Read about children's sleep needs, routines, and common sleep problems that may arise.


The Economic Impacts Of Iowa State University In Fiscal 2006, David Swenson, Liesl Eathington Jul 2007

The Economic Impacts Of Iowa State University In Fiscal 2006, David Swenson, Liesl Eathington

Economics Technical Reports and White Papers

Iowa State University contributes significantly to the state’s economy. This study isolates the economic impacts of the university as an Iowa educational, scientific, service, cultural, and recreational center. This study also measures the economic impact value of ISU student spending in central Iowa.


Understanding Children: Sibling Rivalry, Lesia L. Oesterreich Feb 2007

Understanding Children: Sibling Rivalry, Lesia L. Oesterreich

Human Sciences Extension and Outreach Publications

Constant fighting, put downs, and arguing among children cause frustration and concern in most parents. Some bickering is normal among brothers and sisters. Included are ideas to help reduce your frustration over quarrelsome siblings and lessen the fighting too.


Returns To Graduate And Professional Education: The Roles Of Mathematical And Verbal Skills By Major, Moohoun Song, Peter F. Orazem Jan 2007

Returns To Graduate And Professional Education: The Roles Of Mathematical And Verbal Skills By Major, Moohoun Song, Peter F. Orazem

Economics Working Papers (2002–2016)

Students in majors with higher average quantitative GRE scores are less likely to attend graduate school while students in majors with higher average verbal GRE scores are more likely to attend graduate school. This sorting effect means that students whose cognitive skills are associated with lower earnings at the bachelor’s level are the most likely to attend graduate school. As a result, there is a substantial downward bias in estimated returns to graduate education. Correcting for the sorting effect raises estimated annualized returns to a Master’s or doctoral degree from about 5% to 7.3% and 12.8 ...


Evaluation Of Virtual Reality Snowplow Simulation Training, Christopher Michael Masciocchi Jan 2007

Evaluation Of Virtual Reality Snowplow Simulation Training, Christopher Michael Masciocchi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The effectiveness of virtual reality snowplow simulator training for current Iowa Department of Transportation employees was examined. Operators received approximately two hours of training, which included several drives in a driving simulator designed to emulate a snowplow. Performance on a test scenario was compared for operators who had received this training versus those who were trained after the test scenario. Participants also completed a variety of personality and training questionnaires designed to measure personality tendencies, as well as their opinions of training and the realism of the simulator. Responses to these questionnaires were generally positive: operators reported that the features ...


Measured Vocational Interests, Expressed Interests In College Major, And Interest Congruence Of College-Bound Women Across Time, Brooke Marie Ruxton Jan 2007

Measured Vocational Interests, Expressed Interests In College Major, And Interest Congruence Of College-Bound Women Across Time, Brooke Marie Ruxton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The career development of women is influenced by several social and individual variables that affect career decisions and achievement including gender role socialization and the pressures of maintaining multiple roles in addition to career. Women are largely underrepresented in science, technology, math, and engineering (STEM) related fields and this lack of interest has been the focus of a significant portion of vocational psychology literature. Interest congruence, a concept central to the study of women's vocational development, represents a theoretical and statistical formulation of the relation between measured vocational interests and expressed vocational intentions and it has been examined in ...


Micro Level Impacts Of Foreign Language Test (University Entrance Examination) In Turkey: A Washback Study, Aliye Karabulut Jan 2007

Micro Level Impacts Of Foreign Language Test (University Entrance Examination) In Turkey: A Washback Study, Aliye Karabulut

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The way standardized tests affect teaching and learning is usually called backwash in educational arena and washback in Applied Linguistics. The purpose of this study is to find out whether the foreign language examination---university entrance test---influences the way teachers teach and students learn in senior three classrooms (the last grade of high school) in Turkey. Secondary goal is to see the outcomess of teaching to the test and attitudes of different stakeholders towards the test and senior three English teaching in general.;The data were collected through online surveys, and participants comprise of four major groups. Senior three high school ...


Clean Coal Rhetoric: Engaging The Public On Informal Education Websites About Science And Technology, David M. Niedergeses Jan 2007

Clean Coal Rhetoric: Engaging The Public On Informal Education Websites About Science And Technology, David M. Niedergeses

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Some scientific and technological problems require public engagement. Engagement, defined in this situation as a level of interest or investment that fosters changing attitudes and behavior, can be achieved through informal education websites that present scientific arguments to a general audience. These websites function as boundary objects between the scientific community and the general public, noticeably affecting the audience's attitudes and opinions about the science in question.;This study focuses on several website elements stimulating engagement on two informal education websites that present clean coal technology, an advanced effort to increase the efficiency of coal power while capturing coal ...


The Influence Of Custodial, Maintenance, And Residence Life Services On Student Satisfaction In Residence Halls, Li Lanfen, Elena Maximova, Kevin Saunders, Donald F. Whalen, Mack C. Shelley Jan 2007

The Influence Of Custodial, Maintenance, And Residence Life Services On Student Satisfaction In Residence Halls, Li Lanfen, Elena Maximova, Kevin Saunders, Donald F. Whalen, Mack C. Shelley

Political Science Publications

This study is important because it examines the relationship between students' overall satisfaction with their residence hall living experience and students' satisfaction with various custodial, maintenance, and residence life services. The study, conducted in university residence halls at a Midwestern Carnegie Classification Research extensive university, used a backward step-wise multiple linear regression model with data from a 57-item survey to predict students' satisfaction with their overall residence hall experiences. The strongest predictors were students' comfort and socializing within the living unit. Only one maintenance or custodial item, students' satisfaction with exterior landscape maintenance, v^as a significant predictor of the ...


Three Essays On Child Labor, Schooling Outcomes And Health, Chanyoung Lee Jan 2007

Three Essays On Child Labor, Schooling Outcomes And Health, Chanyoung Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines the interrelationships between child labor, schooling and health, using nationally representative data from the United States and from Brazil. In developing countries, child labor can begin at an early age. However, child labor can be found in developed countries as well, particularly in the teenage years. This dissertation examines (1) whether and how much current state child labor legislation affects the employment and schooling decisions of U.S. high school students; (2) whether there is a cumulative effect of teen work on schooling outcomes; and (3) whether adults who worked as children experience increased incidence of illness ...


Program Theory Of A Usda Grants Program For Use In Evaluation Based On Quantitative Content Analysis And Oral History Narrative Analysis, Elena Yu Polush Jan 2007

Program Theory Of A Usda Grants Program For Use In Evaluation Based On Quantitative Content Analysis And Oral History Narrative Analysis, Elena Yu Polush

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research was conceived on the premise that a good evaluation plan for a program begins with explicating the program's essential conceptual underpinnings, namely the program theory. Theory-based evaluation is generally recognized as enhancing the quality of evaluation. However, the theory-based approach remains underutilized in evaluation of federal competitive grants programs. The goal of the research was to depict a coherent description of program theory for the Higher Education Challenge (HEC) grants program grounded on core aspects of theories developed in two studies. The research used quantitative content analysis to systematically study the texts of Request for Application (RFA ...


It Only Takes Once: Influence Of Sexual Risk Status, Social Comparison, And A Public Service Announcement On Absent-Exempt Cognitions, Michelle Leigh Stock Jan 2007

It Only Takes Once: Influence Of Sexual Risk Status, Social Comparison, And A Public Service Announcement On Absent-Exempt Cognitions, Michelle Leigh Stock

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The current study is an extension of an ongoing program of research, based on the Prototype/Willingness Model (Gibbons, Gerrard, & Lane, 2003), which suggests that peer-based prevention messages may reinforce absent-exempt thinking, rather than reduce it (Stock et al., 2007). Absent-exempt thinking is the belief that if one has not experienced negative health consequences, in spite of having engaged in risky behavior, then one is unlikely to do so in the future (Weinstein, 1984, 1987). The present study provided an experimental demonstration of how social comparison prompted by a health message influences health cognitions (endorsement of absent-exempt thinking, willingness to engage in risky sex, prevalence estimates of risky sex on campus, favorability of risky sex prototypes, and perceptions of vulnerability to STDs). College students (N = 222) at either high or low risk of contracting STDs were randomly assigned to: (a) listen to a social comparison target who was a STD-positive student, despite engaging in low-risk sexual behavior (i.e., sex with one partner only a few times without a condom); (b) to hear a Public Service Announcement (PSA) that emphasized "it only takes one time" or (c) to hear no information about STDs. Participants then completed a questionnaire that assessed their risk-promoting cognitions and were then given the opportunity to read information on an STD.;It was predicted that high-risk participants in the social comparison group would report the highest levels of risk cognitions, whereas high-risk participants in the control condition would report lower levels of the risk promoting cognitions ...


The Effects Of Graduate-Student Unionization, Tom Schenk Jr. Jan 2007

The Effects Of Graduate-Student Unionization, Tom Schenk Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Beginning in the 1970s, graduate assistants have organized labor unions. Presently, 36 universities have a graduate-student union. However, the effect graduate-student unions have on wages, wage variance, health benefits, and organizational structure is unknown. This study uses data from the Chronicle of Higher Education and government data to estimate the economic effects of unionization. By using a multilevel model is used to control for intra-university correlation of wages, this study concludes graduate unions are effective at raising stipends, but ineffective at lowering fees, providing health-care coverage, and lowering intra-university wage variance.


Mexican Immigrants Learning Science In Rural America: A Case Study Of A 9th Grade Science Classroom, Edna Monica Lopez Ceballos Jan 2007

Mexican Immigrants Learning Science In Rural America: A Case Study Of A 9th Grade Science Classroom, Edna Monica Lopez Ceballos

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This is a qualitative case study that attempts to document the challenges immigrant students faced in schools where teachers are not prepared for them. Hopefully, the information this study provides will help stakeholders, policy makers, administrators and teachers better understand the culture and linguistic background, and school experiences of Mexican immigrant students. It addresses the efforts a science teacher makes to integrate his content area instruction of science with the students' particular English language needs to complete tasks in 9th grade science.


Success In The Sciences: Potential Influences Of Sex Role Conflict, Self-Efficacy, And Role Modeling On Women's Career Aspirations, Anna Frances Rudroff Jan 2007

Success In The Sciences: Potential Influences Of Sex Role Conflict, Self-Efficacy, And Role Modeling On Women's Career Aspirations, Anna Frances Rudroff

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A discrepancy exists between the number of men and women pursuing careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). To investigate this discrepancy, this study examined a model assessing the potential influence of multiple variables on the career aspirations of women pursuing these degrees. Two hundred thirty-two first and second-year women majoring in STEM fields completed measures assessing quality and quantity of role modeling relationships, STEM self-efficacy, STEM interests, sex role conflict, and career aspirations. Quality of role modeling relationships and STEM self-efficacy significantly predicted career aspirations. STEM self-efficacy did not mediate the relation between quality of role modeling relationships ...


A Phenomenological Study Of Family Influence On Millennial College Students' Money Beliefs And Behaviors, Mary Ann Briscoe Campbell Jan 2007

A Phenomenological Study Of Family Influence On Millennial College Students' Money Beliefs And Behaviors, Mary Ann Briscoe Campbell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Although family systems theorists have long emphasized the family as an important influence on the individual's life choices, there is minimal qualitative research relating to Millennial college students and the impact of their families, particularly in the area of financial beliefs and behaviors. The purpose of this qualitative study was the exploration of the phenomenon of family influence on Millennial college students regarding how money messages from parents and grandparents have influenced their own money beliefs and behaviors. Seven college students between the ages of 21-23 were interviewed to gain insight into the perceived impact of family money messages ...


The Relationship Of Decision-Making And Division Of Household Labor To Relationship Satisfaction, Tara Danielle Dekkers Jan 2007

The Relationship Of Decision-Making And Division Of Household Labor To Relationship Satisfaction, Tara Danielle Dekkers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The influence of the division of household labor and decision making on relationship satisfaction was examined. Equality in income and education between partners was also taken into consideration. Participants of this study consisted of 63 couples recruited from a community in the Midwest. The study used the Family Responsibility Index to measure the division of household labor, the Marital Decision Making Scale to measure decision-making, a subscale of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale to measure relationship satisfaction. The hypotheses were tested using correlations and regressions. Overall results suggest that equality in the division of household labor was found to have significant ...


The Effect Of Leads On Cognitive Load And Learning In A Conceptually Rich Hypertext Environment, Pavlo D. Antonenko Jan 2007

The Effect Of Leads On Cognitive Load And Learning In A Conceptually Rich Hypertext Environment, Pavlo D. Antonenko

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this experiment was to determine whether leads affect cognitive load and learning from conceptually rich hypertext. Measures of cognitive load included self-report of mental effort, reading time, and event-related desynchronization percentage of alpha, beta, and theta brain wave rhythms. Conceptual and structural knowledge tests, as well as a recall measure were used to determine learning performance. Measures of learners' reading ability, prior knowledge, and metacognitive awareness were employed to establish the effect of individual differences on cognitive load and learning from traditional and lead-augmented hypertext. Results demonstrated that while leads appeared to reduce brain wave activity associated ...


The Influence Of The Grammatical Structure Of L1 On Learners' L2 Development And Transfer Patterns In Esl Academic Writing: A Comparative Study (A Case Of Chinese And Czech Speakers), Anna P. Kosterina Jan 2007

The Influence Of The Grammatical Structure Of L1 On Learners' L2 Development And Transfer Patterns In Esl Academic Writing: A Comparative Study (A Case Of Chinese And Czech Speakers), Anna P. Kosterina

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates whether the grammatical structure of learner's first language (L1) plays a role in English as a second language (L2) development and can result in transfer into L2 writing. The study aims to find patterns of language use and error in learners of English as a second language with respect to their native language by studying a corpus of writings produced by such learners. The main focus of the study is on examining the manually annotated part of the section C of the Longman Learners' Corpus (LLC) corpus (http://www.longman-elt.com/dictionaries/corpus/llcotn.html) which ...


Technology And Second Language Acquistion, Carol Chapelle Jan 2007

Technology And Second Language Acquistion, Carol Chapelle

English Publications

Computer technology provides learners with new and varied options for language learning through interactive tasks delivered through CD-ROMs, Web pages, and communications software on the Internet. Researchers need to reconsider any approach to second language acquisition (SLA) concerned with explaining how language development is prompted by exposure to the target language in view of the dramatic differences in language experience learners engage in due to computer technology. Virtually all theories are concerned with the role of linguistic input or the environment (VanPatten & Williams, 2007), and therefore technology needs to be considered.


Jim Wallis, Joanne M. Marshall Jan 2007

Jim Wallis, Joanne M. Marshall

Education Publications

The Reverend Jim Wallis is the founder of Sojourners, a Christian community in Washington, D.C., as well as editor of a magazine of the same title that covers social justice issues. He is also the convener of Call to Renewal, a religious ecumenical organization committed to, according to their mission statement, overcoming poverty, dismantling racism, affirming life, and rebuilding family and community. A charismatic speaker and prolific writer about religion and politics, he is often hailed as the voice of the religious left.


A Mixed Method Study Of Rural Iowa Latino High School Students To Determine Barriers To Access, Laurie A. Wolf Jan 2007

A Mixed Method Study Of Rural Iowa Latino High School Students To Determine Barriers To Access, Laurie A. Wolf

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this mixed method study were (a) to gain an understanding of how background and educational experiences affect the college decision-making process of rural high school students, and (b) to identify barriers rural Latinos encounter when formulating their post-high school plans. A survey was used to collect data concerning high school experiences. A purposive sample of rural Latino high-school graduates was interviewed to gather perceptions of their educational and background experiences.;The researcher employed a hypothetical logic model based on the college choice literature. The hypothesized model was used to examine how selected variables: background (mothers' educational attainment ...


The Moral Agency Of Family And Consumer Sciences Teacher Candidates: A Grounded Theory, Enas O. Sarour Jan 2007

The Moral Agency Of Family And Consumer Sciences Teacher Candidates: A Grounded Theory, Enas O. Sarour

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

If we are to agree that teaching is a moral endeavor, exploring the moral dimension of teacher candidates, as future moral agents, should be considered indispensable. Assessing someone's moral development based on the hypothetico-deductive method is valuable, yet learning how an individual views him/herself as a moral agent is also important.;This research describes family and consumer sciences teacher candidates' (FCSTCs') sense of their moral agency, that is their understanding of what is "good or bad" and "right or wrong." Based on FCSTCs' constructed meaning developed through semi-structured interviews, this research disclosed factors that shape FCSTCs' moral agency ...


Parent-Child Communication: Influences Of Maternal Sexual Experiences As A Teenager On The Occurrence Of Sexuality Communication With Their Adolescent, Crystal Marie Luckeroth Jan 2007

Parent-Child Communication: Influences Of Maternal Sexual Experiences As A Teenager On The Occurrence Of Sexuality Communication With Their Adolescent, Crystal Marie Luckeroth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated factors that influence parent-child communication on sexual topics and sought to determine if maternal teenage sexual experiences influence mothers' discussions with their adolescent children. Randomly selected mothers of children ages 10-14 years were mailed questionnaires. Using a list of sexual topics, respondents reported the frequency of discussions with their adolescent and completed a checklist of their own teenage sexual experiences. Correlational research design was used to rank and list sexual topics by frequency. Although a majority of the respondents reported that their own teenage sexual experiences influenced the discussions they had with their adolescents, no statistically significant ...


Written And Unwritten Rules: The Use Of Alcohol By Fraternities: A Study Of One College, Thomas Michael Crady Jan 2007

Written And Unwritten Rules: The Use Of Alcohol By Fraternities: A Study Of One College, Thomas Michael Crady

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The written and unwritten rules surrounding the use of alcohol by fraternities was examined at one college. Qualitative research techniques were employed to interview 29 students who were classified as independents and members of fraternities. These students were interviewed in focus groups and segregated by affiliation.;Changes were made to the College's alcohol policy just prior to the interviews. Implicit themes that emerged include: (a) social life centered around Greek Letter organization activities; (b) Greek organizations tend to dominate the campus culture; (c) members of Greek Letter organizations and independents perceive recent changes to the College's alcohol and ...


Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication Between Foreign Language Learners And Prospective Teachers, Mehmet Sahin Jan 2007

Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication Between Foreign Language Learners And Prospective Teachers, Mehmet Sahin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Technology has proven itself as a valuable contribution to educational practices when used in a pedagogically sound manner. In this quasi-experimental study using the Interaction Hypothesis as a theoretical framework, 11 intermediate college-level learners of French and Russian and prospective language teachers had six 30-minute synchronous online chat sessions completing communicative tasks. Using a mixed-methods approach, both quantitative and qualitative data were included in the analysis. The study provides evidence for the positive effect of synchronous computer-mediated communication on second language vocabulary acquisition and prospective teachers' professional development, and underlines the importance of scaffolding in online environments. Vocabulary gains of ...


Lack Of Education, Peter F. Orazem Jan 2007

Lack Of Education, Peter F. Orazem

Economics Publications

This chapter reviews the stylized facts regarding the distribution of human capital investments and the returns to those investments in developing countries. It then examines recent evidence regarding which policies can induce increased human capital investments in the most efficient manner, using estimated benefits and costs as a guide. Supplyside strategies such as increasing school access or improving school quality are more costly, have less certain benefits, and have a weak record of success. Demand-side interventions such as school sited health programs, vouchers, and conditional transfers have a greater likelihood of improving literacy in the most cost-effective manner.