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Current Research At Arkansas Archeological Survey’S Henderson State University Research Station, Mary Beth D. Trubitt, Chelsea Cinotto Jan 2018

Current Research At Arkansas Archeological Survey’S Henderson State University Research Station, Mary Beth D. Trubitt, Chelsea Cinotto

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

During 2017, the Arkansas Archeological Survey celebrated its 50th anniversary with a series of website postings (http://archeology.uark.edu/who-we-are/50moments/), a forum at the annual meeting of the Arkansas Archeological Society, and a symposium at the annual Southeastern Archaeological Conference in Tulsa. In addition, the Survey made strides in documenting and archiving its history and collections. The Survey’s Henderson State University (HSU) Research Station in Arkadelphia continued to inventory curated artifact collections and scan older paper records and color slides. Trubitt and Cinotto, assisted by volunteers during weekly Archeology Lab Days, are updating the station’s curated ...


Documentation Of Ancestral Caddo Ceramic Vessels And Other Artifacts From East Texas Sites In The George T. Wright Collection At The Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum Of Natural History, Timothy K. Perttula, Mark Walters, Bo Nelson Jan 2018

Documentation Of Ancestral Caddo Ceramic Vessels And Other Artifacts From East Texas Sites In The George T. Wright Collection At The Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum Of Natural History, Timothy K. Perttula, Mark Walters, Bo Nelson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

From the early 1900s to the mid-1940s George T. Wright was a landowner (Kiomatia Plantation) and Vice-President of the Kiomitia Mercantile Company: General Merchandise in Kiomatia and Paris, Texas. He was also an avid Indian artifact collector at sites along the Red River in Red River County, Texas, as well as in McCurtain County, Oklahoma, especially the collection of Caddo ceramic vessels, and also dug at sites he knew in the area, including the Wright Plantation site (41RR7), which he owned, and the Sam Coffman site (now known as Sam Kaufman, 41RR16, and for a short time known as the ...


Addressing The Cosmological Significance Of A Pot: A Search For Cosmological Structure In The Craig Mound, Shawn Lambert Jan 2018

Addressing The Cosmological Significance Of A Pot: A Search For Cosmological Structure In The Craig Mound, Shawn Lambert

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Ceramic vessels and cosmological structure at first may seem quite unrelated. Many argue the basic and perhaps only function of a pot was a simple human-made container which held foodstuff for cooking and serving purposes. Pre-Contact communities also used ceramics to display complex iconography, some of which may represent important cosmological meanings in time and space. For this paper, I examine the temporal and spatial placement of pottery in 98 Craig Mound burials at the Spiro site in search for cosmological patterns in the imagery of the vessels. Only burials unassociated with the Great Mortuary and the Spirit Lodge were ...


The Effects Of Horses And Raiding On The Salt Industry In Northwest Louisiana, Paul N. Eubanks Jan 2018

The Effects Of Horses And Raiding On The Salt Industry In Northwest Louisiana, Paul N. Eubanks

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

When French explorers first arrived in northwest Louisiana, the local Caddo Indians had already earned a reputation for being important players in the salt trade. Likewise, many western Caddo groups living near the southern Plains were known for their involvement in the horse trade. In the first part of this paper, the relationship between the local salt industry and the introduction of the horse is considered. It is suggested that at least some of the salt made in northwest Louisiana was being fed to horses and other livestock acquired either directly or indirectly from the Spanish. In addition to its ...


Forgotten Soldiers: Burials On The Texas Frontier And Shifting Perceptions Of Military Interment, Anthony Schienschang Ii Jan 2018

Forgotten Soldiers: Burials On The Texas Frontier And Shifting Perceptions Of Military Interment, Anthony Schienschang Ii

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This research examines the interrelation between civilian and military burials on the Texas frontier in the 1850s with further discussion about the drivers for changing military burial practices. A soldier’s life on the Texas frontier is briefly outlined along with some of the difficulties facing service members living in border forts. Special focus is placed on examining the socio-economic differences between officers and enlisted personnel, as well as the recording of deaths on the frontier. As a case study, the condition of the proposed location of the Fort Gates cemetery is explored and brief analysis of data gathered from ...


Ethnohistoric Records Of Hunter-Gatherer Diet Of The Texas/Mexico Borderlands: Implications For Staple Foods Of The Lower Pecos Canyonlands During The Holocene, Tim Riley Jan 2018

Ethnohistoric Records Of Hunter-Gatherer Diet Of The Texas/Mexico Borderlands: Implications For Staple Foods Of The Lower Pecos Canyonlands During The Holocene, Tim Riley

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Hinds Cave (41VV456) and other rockshelters excavated in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands have yielded thousands of coprolites spanning the Holocene. To date, several hundred specimens have been analyzed, providing a detailed record of meals consumed by hunter-gatherers who called this landscape home. This article compares the paleodietary records derived from these specimens with the foodways documented in the ethnohistoric records available for the Lower Pecos Canyonlands and adjacent landscapes. This comparison confirms the deep temporal roots of the foodways recorded in the earliest written records of the Texas/Mexico borderlands. Coprolite data corroborate the strong dependence on the seasonal staples ...


Appendix To Cover Art, The Journal Of Texas Archeology And History Volume 4 (2017/2018): A Visual Guide To The Archaic Points Found At The Gault Site (41bl323) With Clovis Points For Comparison, Thomas J. Williams Jan 2018

Appendix To Cover Art, The Journal Of Texas Archeology And History Volume 4 (2017/2018): A Visual Guide To The Archaic Points Found At The Gault Site (41bl323) With Clovis Points For Comparison, Thomas J. Williams

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Archaeological excavations at the Gault Archaeological Site (41BL323) have revealed an almost complete stratigraphic record of the prehistoric occupation of Central Texas (Collins 2002, 2004). Furthermore, ages obtained from Area 15 of the site confirms good stratigraphic agreement between the diagnostic artifacts, cultural horizons, and stratigraphic units (Rodrigues, et al. 2016; Williams, et al. 2018). This includes some of the earliest evidence for a projectile point technology in North America (Williams, et al. 2018). Like many areas in Central Texas, the combination of water, raw materials, and its position along the Balcones Escarpment provided abundant resources essential to survival.

The ...


Cultural Resources Investigations For The Proposed Delek Big Sandy Hannathon Crude Oil Gathering System, Big Spring, Howard County, Texas, Benjamin K. Morton, Martin Handly Jan 2018

Cultural Resources Investigations For The Proposed Delek Big Sandy Hannathon Crude Oil Gathering System, Big Spring, Howard County, Texas, Benjamin K. Morton, Martin Handly

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

At the request of Olsson Associates (Olsson), and on behalf Delek Logistics Operating, L.P. (Delek), SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted an intensive cultural resources survey on a portion of the proposed approximately 11.4-mile-long Delek Big Sandy Hannathon (BSH) Crude Oil Gathering System (Project) in Big Spring, Howard County, Texas. Investigations were conducted in support of Delek’s acquisition of a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Section 404 permit in accordance with 33 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 325, Appendix C and Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) (54 United States Code 306108 ...


Intensive Pedestrian Survey And Deep Testing Of 2044 Acres Of Former Harlem Prison Farm Property In The Proposed Aliana Development In Fort Bend County, Texas, James G. Foradas Jan 2018

Intensive Pedestrian Survey And Deep Testing Of 2044 Acres Of Former Harlem Prison Farm Property In The Proposed Aliana Development In Fort Bend County, Texas, James G. Foradas

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

HRA Gray & Pape, LLC, of Houston, Texas, performed an intensive pedestrian survey on approximately 777 hectares (2044.7 acres) of property on the former Harlem State Prison Farm, north and south of Oyster Creek in Fort Bend County, Texas. The United States Army Corps of Engineers was the Lead Federal Agency. Investigation included excavation of 919 shovel tests and 80 test trenches, and cutbank inspections, including portions of previously recorded Sites 41FB190, 41FB191, 41FB192, 41FB280 and 41FB281.

During this investigation, Sites 41FB191 and 41FB192 could not be relocated. Three previously recorded sites (41FB190, 41FB280 and 41FB281) and 10 previously unrecorded ...


The Occurrence Of East Texas Caddo Ceramic Vessel Sherds In Central Texas Archaeological Region Sites, Ca. A.D. 900 To The Late 18th Century, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2018

The Occurrence Of East Texas Caddo Ceramic Vessel Sherds In Central Texas Archaeological Region Sites, Ca. A.D. 900 To The Late 18th Century, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The development and maintenance of long-distance trade networks for both economic, social, and religious purposes was a notable feature of the ancestral Caddo tradition from its very beginnings, and this includes the Caddo peoples that lived in East Texas. Bison hides, salt, raw materials such as copper, galena, stone, and marine shell, and finished objects such as pottery vessels (and possibly their contents), were part of the trading system.

Much of the archaeological evidence for the Caddo long-distance trade and exchange networks of prestige goods occur in contexts dating from ca. A.D. 800 to 1400, with long-distance trade outside ...


The Cosmos In Clay: An Analysis Of Avery Engraved Vessel Motifs, Louisa Nash Jan 2018

The Cosmos In Clay: An Analysis Of Avery Engraved Vessel Motifs, Louisa Nash

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This study seeks to provide new interpretations for the abstract and geometric Avery Engraved vessel motifs created by the prehistoric Caddo. I argue that certain motifs represent wings, feathers, and the Upper World, while other motifs act as locatives and are representative of the Lower World in the Caddo conception of a tiered universe. Given the nature of archaeological research, it is not possible to ascertain all of the implications, nuances, and complexities of the motifs that appear on Avery Engraved vessels. However, this study and others like it, which work to extrapolate the meaning of motifs through comparative analysis ...


Continued Documentation Of Ancestral Caddo Ceramic Vessels From East Texas Caddo Sites In The Buddy Jones Collection At The Gregg County Historical Museum, Timothy K. Perttula, R. Bo Nelson Jan 2018

Continued Documentation Of Ancestral Caddo Ceramic Vessels From East Texas Caddo Sites In The Buddy Jones Collection At The Gregg County Historical Museum, Timothy K. Perttula, R. Bo Nelson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In this article, we document 33 recently acquired ancestral Caddo ceramic vessels to the Buddy Jones Collection held by the Gregg County Historical Museum in Longview, Texas. These vessels had until recently been kept separate from the remainder of the collection. We documented this part of the vessel collections in April 2018.


Caddo Ceramic Vessel Sherd Assemblages From Sites In The Sabine River Basin, Harrison County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2018

Caddo Ceramic Vessel Sherd Assemblages From Sites In The Sabine River Basin, Harrison County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Ancestral Caddo ceramic vessel sherd assemblages from three sites in the Sabine River basin in Harrison County, Texas, are documented in this article. The sherds from the three sites (n=272 total sherds) are held in the collections of the Gregg County Historical Museum in Longview, Texas.


The R. F. Wallace Farm (41ce20) And W. T. Brooks Farm (41ce18) Sites In The Neches River Basin, Cherokee County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2018

The R. F. Wallace Farm (41ce20) And W. T. Brooks Farm (41ce18) Sites In The Neches River Basin, Cherokee County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The R. F. Wallace Farm (41CE20) and W. T. Brooks Farm (41CE18) sites are ancestral Caddo sites in the Neches River basin in the East Texas Pineywoods, not far to the north and northwest, respectively, from the well-known Caddo village and mound center at the George C. Davis site (41CE19). Both sites are on tributaries to the Neches River: the R. F. Wallace Farm site is on Bowles Creek, and the W. T. Brooks Farm site is on Box’s Creek.


Report For Archeological Survey Of The Txdot Campus Consolidation, Eric Oksanen Jan 2018

Report For Archeological Survey Of The Txdot Campus Consolidation, Eric Oksanen

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This report documents the findings of an archeological survey of TxDOT's proposed Campus Consolidation project in Austin, Travis County, Texas. On September 5-7 and 11 Ama Terra surveyed a 49-acre parcel proposed for TxDOT's new administrative campus. The survey consisted of transect pedestrian inspection. 54 shovel tests and 8 backhoe trenches. The survey documented one prehistoric site. 41TV1284, which is a previously recorded site. The boundary for this site was redrawn as not eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places or as a State Antiquities Landmark. No further archeological work is recommended for this site ...


8th Edition Of The Archaeology, Bioarchaeology, Ethnography, Ethnohistory, And History Of The Caddo Indian Peoples Of Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, And Texas, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2018

8th Edition Of The Archaeology, Bioarchaeology, Ethnography, Ethnohistory, And History Of The Caddo Indian Peoples Of Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, And Texas, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This Bibliography, the January 2018 edition, is the latest and most comprehensive version of published sources concerning the archaeology, bioarchaeology, ethnography, ethnography, and history of the Caddo Indian peoples of the Trans-Mississippi South. I have continued to update and reformat the bibliography through the Friends of Northeast Texas Archaeology, not for publication but as a resource to be shared. It is my hope that this most current and 8th edition of the bibliography will continue to be a useful reference work for people conducting research on, and/or are interested in, Caddo native history and culture.

This latest and updated ...


The Lithic And Ceramic Artifacts From The Spradley Site (41na206), Nacogdoches County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Paul Marceaux Jan 2018

The Lithic And Ceramic Artifacts From The Spradley Site (41na206), Nacogdoches County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Paul Marceaux

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Spradley site (41NA206) is a Native American archaeological site in the Bayou La Nana valley in Nacogdoches County in the East Texas Pineywoods. Bayou La Nana is a southward-flowing tributary to the Angelina River. The site is best known for its late 17th-early 18th century Historic Caddo period occupation, and the recovery of a number of European trade goods from habitation deposits, but the site was also occupied in Late Archaic (ca. 5000-2500 years B.P.), Woodland (ca. 2500-1150 years B.P.), and pre-A.D. 1400 Caddo periods. The Spradley site was the scene of Stephen F. Austin State ...


Current Research: Toward A Collaborative Development Of A Truly Comprehensive Multi-State Material Culture Database, Duncan P. Mckinnon Jan 2018

Current Research: Toward A Collaborative Development Of A Truly Comprehensive Multi-State Material Culture Database, Duncan P. Mckinnon

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Throughout the past several years, I have been compiling, with the help of several Caddo researchers, a comprehensive multi-state database primarily composed of whole Caddo vessels from published excavations, private collections, and archaeological reports. At present, the database contains over 13,000 vessel entries from over 500 sites ranging from a single vessel recorded at a site to hundreds. Over the years, the database has evolved to contain, where applicable, attribute fields on type, variety, motif designs (largely using the Glossary of Motifs published in the Spiro shell engravings, collegiate assignment, form, temper, decorative method (incised, brushed, etc.), context (burial ...


Current Research: Current Research In The Upper Mcgee Creek Drainage, Oklahoma, James Briscoe Jan 2018

Current Research: Current Research In The Upper Mcgee Creek Drainage, Oklahoma, James Briscoe

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In recent years the Choctaw Nation has acquired a roughly 80 square mile ranch in the western edge of the Winding Stair Mountains of southeastern Oklahoma. The land is currently a working ranch and timber management area. Choctaw Forestry manages timber activities and range management with the intention of returning the land to an oak savanna setting. Active logging of pine and selected hardwoods and on-going controlled surface burns are included in Forestry activity on the ranch. The project is supported by the Choctaw Nation Historic Preservation Department, which is responsible for the inventory and protection of the cultural resources ...


Current Research: Recent Documentation Of Ceramic Vessels And Other Funerary Objects In The Titus Phase Cemetery At The Tuck Carpenter Site, Camp County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Mark Walters, Kevin Stingley, Tom Middlebrook Jan 2018

Current Research: Recent Documentation Of Ceramic Vessels And Other Funerary Objects In The Titus Phase Cemetery At The Tuck Carpenter Site, Camp County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula, Mark Walters, Kevin Stingley, Tom Middlebrook

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Recently, we had the opportunity to complete the documentation of Late Caddo period Titus phase ceramic vessels and other funerary offerings from the Tuck Carpenter site (41CP5) in the Big Cypress Creek basin in Camp County, Texas. This portion of the funerary assemblage from the site has been in the hands of R. W. Walsh since the 1960s. Unable to properly care for the assemblage, he recently donated his collection to an anonymous individual, who graciously allowed us to fully document these funerary offerings.

The Tuck Carpenter site (41CP5), on Dry Creek several miles from its confluence with Big Cypress ...


Current Research: Ceramic Production And Distribution During The Formative Caddo Period: A Stylistic And Provenance Investigation Of The Arkansas River Valley, Shawn Lambert Jan 2018

Current Research: Ceramic Production And Distribution During The Formative Caddo Period: A Stylistic And Provenance Investigation Of The Arkansas River Valley, Shawn Lambert

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Formative Caddo Period (A.D. 850-1100) of eastern Oklahoma was marked by dramatic material and ritual changes, culminating in the construction of aggregated villages and ceremonial centers. Formative Caddo groups are notable for their highly complex and ritually-charged ceramic vessels that were unlike anything archeologists have seen in the American Southeast. Tracing the rapid development and spread of this early fine ware assemblage across a variety of social, ritual, and mortuary contexts is key to understanding the shared religious and ritual traditions of the pre-Columbian Arkansas River valley and surrounding Coastal Plain drainages. Yet despite nearly 60 years of ...


Feature-Scale Analysis Using Ground-Penetrating Radar And Low Altitude Prospection At The Collins Mounds Site, Northwest Arkansas, Stephanie M. Sullivan, Tiago Attore Jan 2018

Feature-Scale Analysis Using Ground-Penetrating Radar And Low Altitude Prospection At The Collins Mounds Site, Northwest Arkansas, Stephanie M. Sullivan, Tiago Attore

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Geophysical survey and other non-invasive methods are, in some cases, the only options available for archaeological investigation. This is exemplified at the Collins site, a possible Late Woodland to Middle Mississippian period, multi-mound, civic ceremonial center in Northwest Arkansas. The site is located on private property and although excavation is not allowed, non-invasive survey methods are permitted on its northern section. This paper presents the results of a ground-penetrating radar survey over Mounds B, C, and D. The results reveal a number of features that are interpreted as mortuary structures as well as evidence of multiple building episodes over time ...


Middle Caddo Whole Vessels From The Ferguson Site (3he63), Pritam Chowdhury Jan 2018

Middle Caddo Whole Vessels From The Ferguson Site (3he63), Pritam Chowdhury

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Ferguson site (3HE63) is a Caddo ceremonial center in Hempstead County, Arkansas. The Arkansas Archeological Survey and Arkansas Archeological Society excavated Ferguson between 1972 and 1974, under the direction of Dr. Frank Schambach. The site has a middle Caddo Haley phase (A.D. 1200- 1400) component consisting of two mounds, several structures, and a small cemetery area, set atop a 2-acre Woodland period Fourche Maline village. One of the mounds included several elite Caddo shaft graves rich with ceramic artifacts. My recent research with Ferguson site collections included a metric and stylistic analysis of whole vessel ceramics from the ...


Cultural Resources Investigations For The Crownquest City Of Midland Oil And Gas Project, Midland And Glasscock Counties, Texas, Sophia Salgado, Zachary Overfield, Cody Roush Jan 2018

Cultural Resources Investigations For The Crownquest City Of Midland Oil And Gas Project, Midland And Glasscock Counties, Texas, Sophia Salgado, Zachary Overfield, Cody Roush

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) was retained by CrownQuest Operating, LLC, to complete an intensive cultural resources investigation for the proposed CrownQuest City of Midland Oil and Gas Project (Project). The Project includes newly proposed oil and gas well pads, crude oil pipeline, and associated access roads on City of Midland property in Midland and Glasscock Counties, Texas. These new components will be constructed within an existing upstream oil and gas system. The 149.9-acre (60.7-hectare) Project area is located approximately 15 miles southeast of Midland, Texas, immediately south of Highway 158, and is situated along and between Johnson and ...


A Woodland Period Goose Creek Plain, Var. Unspecified Sherd From 41wm1382 In Central Texas, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2018

A Woodland Period Goose Creek Plain, Var. Unspecified Sherd From 41wm1382 In Central Texas, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

41WM1382 is in the Brushy Creek valley in Williamson County, Texas, near the community of Normans Crossing. Brushy Creek is an eastward-flowing tributary of the San Gabriel River in the Blackland Prairie natural region in the Brazos River basin. The site’s principal archaeological deposits date to the Late Archaic period (between ca. 4000-1200 years B.P.), but one ca. A.D. 900-1200 Kiam Incised sherd has been found here (Perttula and Mikulencak 2018).


Ancestral Caddo Ceramic Vessel Sherds From Sites In The White Oak Creek Basin, Hopkins County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2018

Ancestral Caddo Ceramic Vessel Sherds From Sites In The White Oak Creek Basin, Hopkins County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The ancestral Caddo ceramic vessel sherd assemblages discussed in this article are from five sites in the White Oak Creek basin in the Blackland Prairie of East Texas (Figure 1). They are the E. B. Minter Farm (41HP2), R. H. Taylor Farm (41HP4), Hilman Hathcoat (41HP9), Avery Rasurer (41HP10), and Tom Cannon Farm (41HP11) sites. They were investigated by archaeologists from The University of Texas in 1931 or 1934 who were in search of whole Caddo vessels and burial features, and the collections obtained from the sites (including donated or purchased collections) are held by the Texas Archeological Research Laboratory ...


The William Farrar Site (41tt1) In The Sulphur River Basin,Titus County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula Jan 2018

The William Farrar Site (41tt1) In The Sulphur River Basin,Titus County, Texas, Timothy K. Perttula

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The William Farrar site (41TT1) is an ancestral Caddo settlement and cemetery on an alluvial terrace of the Sulphur River (Figure 1) in the East Texas Post Oak Savannah, a few miles downstream from the W. A. Ford site (41TT2) (see Goldschmidt 1935; Perttula 2016). University of Texas (UT) archaeologists completed excavations at the site in August 1934, but they had known about the site since as early as 1932, when they purchased or had donated several Caddo vessels from a Henry William Martin and, in 1934, purchased a vessel from a John Bowman, who had previously dug at the ...


The Lake Wright Patman Cache, Robert L. Brooks Jan 2018

The Lake Wright Patman Cache, Robert L. Brooks

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Thirty-nine bifaces found in the collections of the Museum of the Red River were recently analyzed. Mr. Donald Stewart recovered these bifaces from the vicinity of Lake Wright Patman during lake construction. Analysis of the biface cache was undertaken to gain some understanding of these specimens, despite the absence of provenience information and other details pertaining to their collection. Basic metric data and non-metric observations were taken. I also detail the collection of the biface cache, the history and archaeological background of Lake Wright Patman, results of the analysis, and some thoughts on the function of the bifaces.


Leroy Johnson At Mcgee Bend Reservoir (Lake Sam Rayburn) In 1956, Edward B. Jelks Jan 2018

Leroy Johnson At Mcgee Bend Reservoir (Lake Sam Rayburn) In 1956, Edward B. Jelks

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

McGee Bend was one of some 40 reservoir and dam projects in Texas where salvage archaeological excavations were carried out as part of the nationwide River Basin Surveys program administered by the Smithsonian Institution and the National Park Service between 1947 and 1968 (see Jelks 1965, 2006, 2014, 2017). In 1956, I rented an old vacant farmhouse for our McGee Bend field headquarters where our crew lived without indoor plumbing, and it was there that the photo of LeRoy Johnson bathing in a washtub was taken by one of our crew, Milburn Lathan (Figure 1).


A Partial Magnetometer Survey Of The Archaeological Conservancy’S Portion Of The A. C. Saunders Site (41an19), Dale Hudler, Jonathan Jarvis, Tim Griffith Jan 2018

A Partial Magnetometer Survey Of The Archaeological Conservancy’S Portion Of The A. C. Saunders Site (41an19), Dale Hudler, Jonathan Jarvis, Tim Griffith

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Texas Archeological Research Laboratory (TARL) at The University of Texas at Austin conducted a partial magnetometer survey of The Archaeological Conservancy-owned portion of the A. C. Saunders site (41AN19) during the period between 6-8 December 2005. This survey was sponsored by the Texas Department of Transportation Environmental Affairs Division (TxDOT/ENV) due to a proposed expansion of the right-of-way of U.S. Highway 175 and was conducted under a research design approved by The Archeological Conservancy and TxDOT/ENV. The work was conducted under the direction of Dale Hudler (Principal Investigator) from TARL with a joint TARL/Prewitt and ...