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Archaeological Anthropology

1997

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Articles 1 - 30 of 69

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Arqueología De Un Paisaje Agrícola En La Provincia Yacuma, Departamento Del Beni, Bolivia, John H. Walker Dec 1997

Arqueología De Un Paisaje Agrícola En La Provincia Yacuma, Departamento Del Beni, Bolivia, John H. Walker

ProSIGAB Documents

No abstract provided.


Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 58, No. 2, Massachusetts Archaeological Society Oct 1997

Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 58, No. 2, Massachusetts Archaeological Society

Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society

  • Editor’s Note (Shirley Blancke)
  • Indian Lands at Sampson's Pond, South Carver, Massachusetts, From the Earliest Grants to the Last Transfer of Native American Ownership (1640-1915) (John A. Shaw)
  • Prehistoric Archaeology of the Great Swamp Basin, South Kingston, Rhode Island (David R. George and Brian D. Jones)
  • Thermal Alteration of Argillite Artifacts: an Experimental Study (Peter Pagoulatos)
  • Radiocarbon Ages: How to Report (Elizabeth A. Little)
  • Archaeology and the First People of Middleborough and Neighboring Towns: A Bibliography (Kathleen Shaw Anderson)
  • In Memoriam: Terence G. Byrne (Kathryn Fairbanks)
  • In Memoriam: John Alfred Mansfield (Paul Gardescu and Tonya Baroody Largy)


A Documentary Survey Of A One Block Parcel In Downtown Chattanooga, Tennessee : Chestnut To Fort, Twelfth To Thirteenth Streets, R. Bruce Council Oct 1997

A Documentary Survey Of A One Block Parcel In Downtown Chattanooga, Tennessee : Chestnut To Fort, Twelfth To Thirteenth Streets, R. Bruce Council

Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology Reports

At the request of the Cultural Resources Program of the Tennessee Valley Authority, the Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, has prepared this brief documentary survey of a one-block parcel in downtown Chattanooga, Tennessee. The purpose of the research is to define potential targets for detailed historical research and archaeological testing within a parcel owned by the Tennessee Valley Authority. The project area, bounded by Chestnut Street on the east, Fort Street on the west, West Twelfth Street on the north, and West Thirteenth Street on the south, is the proposed site of an expansion ...


A Documentary Survey Of A One Block Parcel In Downtown Chattanooga, Tennessee : Broad To Chestnut, Third To Fourth Streets, R. Bruce Council Aug 1997

A Documentary Survey Of A One Block Parcel In Downtown Chattanooga, Tennessee : Broad To Chestnut, Third To Fourth Streets, R. Bruce Council

Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology Reports

At the request of the Cultural Resources Program of the Tennessee Valley Authority, the Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, has prepared this brief documentary survey of a one-block parcel in downtown Chattanooga, Tennessee. The purpose of the research was to define potential targets for detailed historical research and archaeological testing within a parcel owned by the Tennessee Valley Authority. The project area, bounded by Chestnut Street on the west, Broad Street on the east, Third Street on the north, and Fourth Street on the south, is currently occupied largely by the Tennessee Valley Authority ...


Definition And Evaluation Of The Mississippian Lithic Assemblage From The Wymer-West Knoll (20 Be 132), Berrien County, Michigan, Sean R. Brown Aug 1997

Definition And Evaluation Of The Mississippian Lithic Assemblage From The Wymer-West Knoll (20 Be 132), Berrien County, Michigan, Sean R. Brown

Master's Theses

Analysis of the lithic assemblage from the Wymer-West knoll site was undertaken with the following objectives: (1) to define the lithic technology of the Mississippian occupational component of the site, (2) to compare length, width and width/length ratios of triangular projectile points from the Wymer-West knoll with other Mississippian sites to clarify the cultural affiliation of the Wymer-West knoll, and (3) to use site function, from the perspective of the overall Wymer-West knoll material culture in general and the Mississippian lithic technology in particular, as a framework to better understand the Wymer-West knoll's place in the regional culture ...


Justifying Repatriation Of Native American Cultural Property, Sarah Harding Jul 1997

Justifying Repatriation Of Native American Cultural Property, Sarah Harding

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


A Documentary Survey Of A One Block Parcel In Downtown Chattanooga, Tennessee : Carter To Fort, Twelfth To Thirteenth Streets, R. Bruce Council Jul 1997

A Documentary Survey Of A One Block Parcel In Downtown Chattanooga, Tennessee : Carter To Fort, Twelfth To Thirteenth Streets, R. Bruce Council

Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology Reports

At the request of the Cultural Resources Program of the Tennessee Valley Authority, the Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, has prepared this brief documentary survey of a one-block parcel in downtown Chattanooga, Tennessee. The purpose of the research was to define potential targets for detailed historical research and archaeological testing within a parcel owned by the Tennessee Valley Authority. The project area, bounded by Carter Street on the west, Fort Street on the east, Twelfth Street on the north, and Thirteenth Street on the south, is the proposed site of an expansion of the ...


A Statistical Analysis Of The Ceramics From The Dieffenderfer Site (20sj179), St. Joseph County, Michigan, Mark A. Steeby Jun 1997

A Statistical Analysis Of The Ceramics From The Dieffenderfer Site (20sj179), St. Joseph County, Michigan, Mark A. Steeby

Master's Theses

The Dieffenderfer site, located in Constantine Township, St. Joseph County, Michigan, is a multi-component site situated in the middle St. Joseph River valley. Calibrated radiocarbon dates from several features at the site suggest multiple re-use during the Late Woodland period from A.D. 1000 to A.D. 1400, with the most intensive occupations occurring during the 12th through 14th centuries. These dates are supported by a large Late Woodland ceramic assemblage in association with three spatially discrete activity areas; two of these activity loci are represented by housefloors, suggesting a degree of permanence by the residents.

A cluster analysis performed ...


Pvn-Cat-470-B-003-009-Scnl, Benjamin Carter May 1997

Pvn-Cat-470-B-003-009-Scnl, Benjamin Carter

Four Valleys Archive

No abstract provided.


Stamped Amphora Handles From Tel Beersheba, William D. E. Coulson, Margaret S. Mook, James W. Rehard, Virginia R. Grace May 1997

Stamped Amphora Handles From Tel Beersheba, William D. E. Coulson, Margaret S. Mook, James W. Rehard, Virginia R. Grace

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This article publishes the 39 stamped amphora handles found during excavations conducted at Tel Beersheba between 1969 and 1976. All were found in poorly stratified contexts and so have no real stratigraphic value. They do, however, attest to the importance of Beersheba in the Rhodian economic sphere of the late Hellenistic period and add to our knowledge of Rhodesian fabricants and eponyms of the second century B.C.


Pvn-Lot-175-C-091, Nicholas Gevock Apr 1997

Pvn-Lot-175-C-091, Nicholas Gevock

Four Valleys Archive

No abstract provided.


Pvn-Cat-018-L-021-001-Fwo, Ellen Bell Apr 1997

Pvn-Cat-018-L-021-001-Fwo, Ellen Bell

Four Valleys Archive

No abstract provided.


Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 58, No. 1, Massachusetts Archaeological Society Apr 1997

Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 58, No. 1, Massachusetts Archaeological Society

Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society

  • Editor’s Note (Shirley Blancke)
  • History of the Fox Creek Phase and its Manifestations in Massachusetts (Susan Turner Moore)
  • A Probable Hiding Place of King Phillip's Royalties (Russell Herbert Gardner)
  • When Worlds Collide: Archaeology in the New Age - The Conant Parcel Stone Piles (Alan Leveillee)
  • Note on Use of Horseshoe Crabs by Native Americans (Philip Brady)
  • In Memoriam: William A. Ritchie (Shirley Blancke)


Pvn-Lot-128-T-016, Bryan Robbins Mar 1997

Pvn-Lot-128-T-016, Bryan Robbins

Four Valleys Archive

No abstract provided.


A Phase I Archaeological Survey Of The Proposed Tennessee Riverpark, Battery Place Extension, R. Bruce Council Feb 1997

A Phase I Archaeological Survey Of The Proposed Tennessee Riverpark, Battery Place Extension, R. Bruce Council

Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology Reports

Interpretive historical research suggests that along the proposed right of way of the Battery Place extension of the Tennessee Riverpark Spanish explorer Tristan de Luna y Arellano, in company with Coosa Indians, raided two towns of the Napochie chiefdom in 1560. Cherokee Indian internment camps may have been present in the project area during the Removal, 1835-1838, and burials of Cherokees may be present. Confederate soldiers also may have been interred in the project area in 1862-63, although these remains were nominally reinterred in Citizens Cemetery in 1867. The project area was utilized for industrial purposes in the late 19th ...


Sweyhat And Hajji Ibrahim: Some Archaebotanical Samples From The 1991 And 1993 Seasons, Naomi F. Miller Jan 1997

Sweyhat And Hajji Ibrahim: Some Archaebotanical Samples From The 1991 And 1993 Seasons, Naomi F. Miller

University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology Papers

No abstract provided.


Farming And Herding Along The Euphrates: Environmental Constraint And Cultural Choice (Fourth To Second Millennia B.C.), Naomi F. Miller Jan 1997

Farming And Herding Along The Euphrates: Environmental Constraint And Cultural Choice (Fourth To Second Millennia B.C.), Naomi F. Miller

University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology Papers

No abstract provided.


Cellulose Nitrate Plastic (Celluloid) In Archaeological Assemblages: Identification And Care, Megan E. Springate Jan 1997

Cellulose Nitrate Plastic (Celluloid) In Archaeological Assemblages: Identification And Care, Megan E. Springate

Megan E. Springate

Invented in the mid-19th century, cellulose nitrate (celluloid) is commonly regarded as the earliest synthetic polymer or plastic. As increasing numbers of historical sites dating from the mid-1800s are excavated, cellulose nitrate objects are more frequently found in archaeological assemblages. The inherent instability of cellulose nitrate makes proper handling, storage, and display conditions vital to the longevity of recovered objects. In this paper, the composition, manufacture, and means of identifying cellulose nitrate are summarized. The processes of degradation and means of slowing those processes through preventive conservation are also elaborated.


Some Brief Notes On The Tobacco Tag, Megan E. Springate Jan 1997

Some Brief Notes On The Tobacco Tag, Megan E. Springate

Megan E. Springate

Tobacco tags have been found on archaeological sites throughout North America, in shapes ranging from circles to ovals, rectangular with an embossed horse, stars and hearts. Tags recovered archaeologically are usually no more than a rusty bit of iron alloy with two triangular tines. Originally, however, these tags were enameled with bright colors and product information. The use of tobacco tags began in the United States in the 1870s. An overabundance of cheap chewing tobacco caused pipe smokers to switch to "chaw." Manufacturers developed the tag as a means of branding their plugs of tobacco.


Captions And Color Plates (V. 8-9, 1996-1997) Jan 1997

Captions And Color Plates (V. 8-9, 1996-1997)

BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers

No abstract provided.


Test Excavations At The Spanish Governor's Palace, San Antonio, Texas, Anne A. Fox Jan 1997

Test Excavations At The Spanish Governor's Palace, San Antonio, Texas, Anne A. Fox

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Test excavations were carried out in October 1996 by the Center for Archaeological Research of The University of Texas at San Antonio in front of the Spanish Governor's Palace in Military Plaza in downtown San Antonio. Planned for the retrieval of information on the depth and present condition of the foundations of the building, the excavations also recovered important information on previous occupation of the site and construction methods used when the palace was built.


Notes On Caddoan Vessels Collected From The Mosquito Island Site (41ag66), Lake Sam Rayburn, Tom Middlebrook Jan 1997

Notes On Caddoan Vessels Collected From The Mosquito Island Site (41ag66), Lake Sam Rayburn, Tom Middlebrook

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This paper documents four Caddoan ceramic vessels from the Mosquito Island site (4IAG66) at Lake Sam Rayburn. The vessels were obtained from the site by two individuals who violated the provisions of the Archeological Resources Protection Act (ARPA), and were arrested on the site while in the act of disturbing the archaeological site. They were subsequently convicted under ARPA for their illegal actions.


The Caddoan Occupation Of The Attoyac And Angelina River Basins In The Middle Caddoan Period, Tom Middlebrook Jan 1997

The Caddoan Occupation Of The Attoyac And Angelina River Basins In The Middle Caddoan Period, Tom Middlebrook

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Angelina River basin, including the drainage of its largest tributary, the Attoyac Bayou, encompasses all of Nacogdoches County and portions of Cherokee, Rusk, Angelina, San Augustine, Shelby, and Sabine counties in deep East Texas. Archaeological studies in the region that have illuminated our understanding of Caddoan developments have been meager and spotty at best.

There is no archaeological evidence in the Angelina River basin of extensive Caddoan occupation during the Early Caddoan period (ca. A.D. 1000-1200). Jelks presented the results of the largest archaeological project conducted in the area in his dissertation dealing with the archaeology of the ...


The Development Of The Burial Mound Tradition In The Caddo Area, Frank F. Schambach Jan 1997

The Development Of The Burial Mound Tradition In The Caddo Area, Frank F. Schambach

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This is a significantly revised version of a paper I presented at the 1994 East Texas Archeological Conference in Tyler, Texas. The gist of that paper was that the origins of the burial mound tradition in the Caddo area can be traced, not to the Coles Creek culture in the Lower Mississippi Valley as the conventional wisdom would have it, but to an independent Fourche Maline mound building tradition that developed in and around the Red River Valley beginning about 100 B.C.2 I still think that there was an independent Fourche Maline mound building tradition and I still ...


Limited Testing At The Bob Turbeville Site (41wd382), Wood County, Texas, Eric A. Schroeder Jan 1997

Limited Testing At The Bob Turbeville Site (41wd382), Wood County, Texas, Eric A. Schroeder

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Bob Turbeville site (41WD382) is an Early to Middle Caddoan period occupation on the upper Sabine River, likely a small farmstead or hamlet containing a trash midden and possible house areas. Previous work at the site had identified a human burial with associated grave goods. Radiocarbon analysis suggests that the occupation of the site dates to around A.D. 1165 to 1290.

Work at the Turbeville site was conducted in October 1995 by Paul Price Associates, Inc. under the auspices of the Antiquities Code of Texas in association with a proposed expansion of the existing wastewater treatment facilities at ...


A Study In Frustration: Analysis Of Human Remains Removed From The Coker Mound Site (41cs1), Sharon Mccormick Derrick Jan 1997

A Study In Frustration: Analysis Of Human Remains Removed From The Coker Mound Site (41cs1), Sharon Mccormick Derrick

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Human skeletal remains were removed from the Coker Mound site (41CS1) by unidentified excavators sometime immediately prior to the Texas Archeological Society (TAS) meetings of 1995. Mike Turner, a Steward in the Office of the State Archeologists' Texas Archeological Steward Network and a founding member of the Friends of Northeast Texas Archaeology, was able to retrieve a cranium, mandible; and six cervical vertebrae from this collection for a brief period, bringing them to the TAS meetings. It was his dedication that provided the opportunity for these remains to be studied.


A Reevaluation Of A Lithic Procurement Site (41bx63) In Converse, Bexar County, Texas, Kevin J. Gross Jan 1997

A Reevaluation Of A Lithic Procurement Site (41bx63) In Converse, Bexar County, Texas, Kevin J. Gross

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

An archaeological survey of 35 acres in Converse, Texas, in northeastern Bexar County, relocated lithic site 4IBX63. Extensive shovel testing demonstrated that virtually no subsurface material was present. The surface site was collected and the chipped stone and raw material analyzed. The analysis suggests local chert cobbles were being selected for early and middle stages of tool manufacture at the site. A single diagnostic artifact, a Scallorn point, indicates that site use included the Late Prehistoric period.


Archaeological Monitoring Of A Sidewalk Construction Project In Landa Park, New Braunfels, Comal County, Texas, John W. Arnn Iii Jan 1997

Archaeological Monitoring Of A Sidewalk Construction Project In Landa Park, New Braunfels, Comal County, Texas, John W. Arnn Iii

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In February 1996, the Center for Archaeological Research of The University of Texas at San Antonio conducted monitoring for the construction of a handicap ramp in Landa Park, New Braunfels, Comal County, Texas. The work-required by the Texas Historic Commission-was performed under contract with the city of New Braunfels Parks and Recreation Department. The excavation of the footings for the handicap ramp covered an area roughly 2 x 5 m and was less than 70 cm in depth. Over 2,600 prehistoric artifacts were uncovered including bone, fIre-cracked rock, mussel shell, numerous platform and nonplatform flakes, cores, unifaces, several bifaces ...


Archaeology At The Alamodome: Investigations Of A San Antonio Neighborhood In Transition, Volume Iii: Artifact And Special Studies, Anne A. Fox, Marcie Renner, Robert J. Hard Jan 1997

Archaeology At The Alamodome: Investigations Of A San Antonio Neighborhood In Transition, Volume Iii: Artifact And Special Studies, Anne A. Fox, Marcie Renner, Robert J. Hard

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

On March 15, 1990, the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) of The University of Texas at San Antonio entered into a contract with the City of San Antonio's Multipurpose Domed Stadium Development Advisory Committee and Via Metropolitan Transit Authority to undertake cultural resource investigations of a 17-square-block (65 acre) area in downtown San Antonio, Texas (Figure F-l).

From mid-March to early July 1990, and periodically thereafter, intensive archival and historical research on the entire project area was carried out by CAR staff members. Architectural recording and assessment of all standing buildings was done by Andrew Perez and Associates. Thirteen ...


Archaeology At The Alamodome: Investigations Of A San Antonio Neighborhood In Transition, Volume Ii: Excavations And Artifact Distribution Analysis, Anne A. Fox, Marcie Renner, Robert J. Hard Jan 1997

Archaeology At The Alamodome: Investigations Of A San Antonio Neighborhood In Transition, Volume Ii: Excavations And Artifact Distribution Analysis, Anne A. Fox, Marcie Renner, Robert J. Hard

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Because of the tremendous scope of the archaeological work and the associated analysis and write-up, the results of the Alamodome Project are presented in three volumes. Volume I contains the background research results, including chapters on the historical setting, the architecture present before demolition began, the oral histories, a study of the black community, and a summary of the structural evolution of the area. This volume, the second of the series, contains a complete description of the archaeological excavations and a distributional analysis of the results, written by Kenneth Wright, the archaeologist in charge of the fieldwork. Also included in ...