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Archaeological Anthropology

1986

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Articles 1 - 30 of 76

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

An Archaeological Survey Of The Phase I Riverpark Development, Chattanooga, Tennessee, R. Bruce Council, Robin L. Smith Dec 1986

An Archaeological Survey Of The Phase I Riverpark Development, Chattanooga, Tennessee, R. Bruce Council, Robin L. Smith

Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology Reports

In August and September, 1986, the Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, conducted a systematic subsurface archaeological survey of a 2.5 km (1.5 mile) corridor along the left bank of the Tennessee River, Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tennessee. The survey was funded by the RiverCity Company, Chattanooga, a non-profit corporation overseeing the implementation of a plan to create a public recreation facility known as the Tennessee Riverpark. As part of the final planning of the Phase I area of the Riverpark, environmental impact studies of the project area were commissioned. The project area extends ...


Pvn-Cat-441-H-004-002-Cncmps, Benjamin Carter Nov 1986

Pvn-Cat-441-H-004-002-Cncmps, Benjamin Carter

Four Valleys Archive

No abstract provided.


Secondary Testing And Evaluation Of The Mcnish Site : 9ch717, Hunter Army Airfield, Chatham County, Savannah, Georgia, R. Bruce Council, Robin L. Smith, Nicholas Honercamp Oct 1986

Secondary Testing And Evaluation Of The Mcnish Site : 9ch717, Hunter Army Airfield, Chatham County, Savannah, Georgia, R. Bruce Council, Robin L. Smith, Nicholas Honercamp

Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology Reports

An archaeological excavation was carried out at a site at Hunter Army Airfield in order to discover at what times and in what ways earlier cultures used the site. Artifacts were found indicating that North American Indians from as far back as 3000 B.C. up to 1400 A.D. lived in the area that was tested, but that the heaviest occupation was probably by Indians of the Deptford culture (500 B.C. - 700 A.D.). Evidence of an early colonial occupation, consisting of domestic artifacts dating from 1740 to 1760, was also found. Finally, a small 19th century graveyard ...


Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 47, No. 2, Massachusetts Archaeological Society Oct 1986

Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 47, No. 2, Massachusetts Archaeological Society

Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society

  • Editor’s Note (Barbara E. Luedtke)
  • Indian Fish and Fishing off Coastal Massachusetts (J. Clinton Andrews)
  • Observations on Methods of Collection, Use, and Seasonality of Shellfish on the Coasts of Massachusetts (Elizabeth A. Little)
  • Seventeenth Century Southern New England Indian Agriculture (Laurie Lee Weinstein)
  • An Effigy Pipe Bowl from Baptist Hill, Palmer (john P. Pretola)
  • Archaeological Christian Indian Headstone (Philip Brady)
  • Correction (Russell Barber)
  • In Memoriam: Henry Hornblower II (Ralph S. Bates)


Kentucky Archaeological Site Survey Form, Office Of The State Archaeologist, University Of Kentucky Jul 1986

Kentucky Archaeological Site Survey Form, Office Of The State Archaeologist, University Of Kentucky

Indian Head Rock Project

Archaeological Site Survey Form completed by the Office of the State Archaeologist at the University of Kentucky related to the Indian Head Rock on July 2, 1986.


Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 47, No. 1, Massachusetts Archaeological Society Apr 1986

Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 47, No. 1, Massachusetts Archaeological Society

Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society

Current Directions in the Archaeology of Cape Cod and the Islands

  • Editor’s Note (Barbara E. Luedtke)
  • Current Directions: An Introduction (Christopher L. Borstel)
  • Filling in the Gaps (and Adding New Ones): Collections Analysis on Cape Cod and the Islands (Thomas F. Mahlstedt)
  • A Comparison of Prehistoric Ceramics from Shell Midden and Non-Shell Midden Sites on Cape Cod and Martha’s Vineyard (George H. Stillson)
  • Prehistoric Shellfish Harvesting at Nantucket Island (Elizabeth A. Little and J. Clinton Andrews)
  • Investigating the Fox Creek Phase on Cape Cod (Linda A. Towle)
  • 19BN468, Chatham, Massachusetts: Site Salvage with a Research Orientation (Frederick J ...


Prehistoric Firewood Exploitation: A Case Study From The Carolinian Biotic Province, De Fant Apr 1986

Prehistoric Firewood Exploitation: A Case Study From The Carolinian Biotic Province, De Fant

Master's Theses

A case study approach is applied to the problem of prehistoric firewood selection and utilization within a heterogeneous woodland environment. Prefaced by an indepth survey of theoretical and methodological approaches relevant to understanding resource exploitation, a wood charcoal analysis of the Schwerdt site (20AE127) is presented. This analysis is then discussed in regard to environmental, preservational, and functional contexts. It is suggested that this wood charcoal assemblage represents a subtle yet pervasive pattern of firewood selectivity operating within the overt bounds of expedient procurement.


An Analysis Of The Lithic Raw Materials And Diagnostic Projectile Points From The Settlement Pattern Survey Project In The Lower Kalamazoo River Valley, Campbell Apr 1986

An Analysis Of The Lithic Raw Materials And Diagnostic Projectile Points From The Settlement Pattern Survey Project In The Lower Kalamazoo River Valley, Campbell

Master's Theses

This analysis was carried out on lithic materials collected during the three years of the Settlement Pattern Survey in the Lower Kalamazoo River valley, 1978-1980. The objectives of the study were to provide a firm temporal sequence for the prehistory of the area based on diagnostic projectile point styles, and to assess the dynamics of interregional contact via the identification of chert types from distant source areas. The sample of projectile points provided evidence of human occupation of the Lower Kalamazoo River valley from Paleoindian through Late Woodland times, most notably new evidence for significant occupation in the Early Archaic ...


A Statistical Analysis Of The Lithic Material From The Zemaitis Site (200t68), Ottawa County, Michigan, Murphy Apr 1986

A Statistical Analysis Of The Lithic Material From The Zemaitis Site (200t68), Ottawa County, Michigan, Murphy

Master's Theses

An analysis of the lith ic tools and a representative sample of debitage from the Zemaitis site is presented. The methodology employed in lith ic analysis is described with the goal of comparab ility with other studies. Based upon this comparison i t is suggested that the major occupation of the site was during the Middle Woodland Period and the site appears to have been occupied year-round. Because the Zemaitis site was undisturbed by modern agricultural techniques, special attention is given to the artifact distributions both vertically and horizontally across the site.

With the aid of various statistical models the ...


75-Archaeological Survey Of The Sumitec Corporation Expansion Project, City Of Benton Harbor, Michigan (Er 9289), William M. Cremin Jan 1986

75-Archaeological Survey Of The Sumitec Corporation Expansion Project, City Of Benton Harbor, Michigan (Er 9289), William M. Cremin

Reports of Investigations

At the request of Ms. Joy Bauer, Consultant, and Mr. Michael R. Prochaska, President, M.R. Prochaska, Inc.,acting for the City of Benton Harbor, Michigan, the project Princigal Investigator, Dr. William M. Cremin, planned and initiated on-site evaluation of a parcel of land fronting on Paw Paw Avenue and intended for expansion of Sumitec Corporation facilities. There follows a report of fieldwork conducted on 20 Nov 86, together with appropriate background information and recommendations based upon our findings.


Prehistoric Camps And Villages: Testing At 9cam171h And 9cam188, King's Bay, Georgia, Robin L. Smith Jan 1986

Prehistoric Camps And Villages: Testing At 9cam171h And 9cam188, King's Bay, Georgia, Robin L. Smith

Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology Reports

Phase II testing was conducted by the Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology at two sites at Kings Bay Naval Submarine Base in August of 1984. The North End of the Kings Bay Site, 9Cam171H, which is located on the eastern margin of the mainland just north of Etowah Park and south of Cherry Point, was studied to evaluate effects of proposed expansion of the adjacent recreation area. The Davis Farm Site, which lies on the eastern side of Point Peter at the southern edge of the Base, was studied to assess the effects of a proposed radar installation. 9Cam171H ...


Exploratory Archaeological Excavations At The Shelton Mill Site, Chattanooga, Tennessee, R. Bruce Council Jan 1986

Exploratory Archaeological Excavations At The Shelton Mill Site, Chattanooga, Tennessee, R. Bruce Council

Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology Reports

As part of the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) Youth Project entitled "Chattanooga: Doing Regional History, " 30 local high school students under the direction of University of Tennessee at Chattanooga faculty engaged in an intensive historical research orientation program in June, 1986. One facet of this program was an introduction to the discipline of archaeology. Drs. Nicholas Honerkamp and Robin Smith of the Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, made presentations to the NEH students on archaeological research methods and regional overviews in prehistory and the historic period. In order (1) carry our survey-level ...


73-Archaeobotanical Analysis Of Screened And Flotation Residues From Sites 24n2-227 And 2482-231, Burning Star Mine #5, Jackson County, Illinois, William M. Cremin Jan 1986

73-Archaeobotanical Analysis Of Screened And Flotation Residues From Sites 24n2-227 And 2482-231, Burning Star Mine #5, Jackson County, Illinois, William M. Cremin

Reports of Investigations

The Westfield of Consolidation Coal Company's Burning Star Mine# 5 is located in northeastern Jackson County, Illinois. It lies within but near the southern terminus of the Mt. Vernon Hill Country of the Southern Till Plains Division and is characterized by mature topography and low relief; elevations ranges from about 108m ASL along the banks of the Little Muddy River, the principal stream draining the study area, to 120m ASL on adjacent uplands. The northern limits of the Greater Shawnee Hills Section of the Shawnee Hills Division lie about 20 km to the south, where the gently rolling hills ...


19-Archaeological Survey Of The I-75nb Welcome Center, Moran Township, Mackinac County, Michigan, William M. Cremin Jan 1986

19-Archaeological Survey Of The I-75nb Welcome Center, Moran Township, Mackinac County, Michigan, William M. Cremin

Archaeological Technical Reports

With the execution of a Cultural Resource Investigation work authorization (#4-86/87) under contract #85-1115 (MDOS ER #9262) betveen the MDOT, the MDOS, and WMU, authorizing a Phase I archaeological survey of the I-75NB Welcome Center in Moran Township, Mackinac County, Michigan, archaeologists undertook a systematic and intensive site location survey of the project area on 12-13 Oct 86.

Employing reconnaissance and shovel testing procedures, the survey team relocated and confirmed the existence of a site(s) in the eastern portion of the project and extending into the adjoining property of the Straits State Park. Although lithic debris and pieces ...


17-Archaeological Investigations At The New Buffalo Weigh Stations, Berrien County, Michigan, William M. Cremin Jan 1986

17-Archaeological Investigations At The New Buffalo Weigh Stations, Berrien County, Michigan, William M. Cremin

Archaeological Technical Reports

With the execution of Work Authorizations under Contract# 85-1115 between the Michigan Department of Transportation, the Michigan Department of State, and Western Michigan University, authorizing Phase I and preliminary Phase II archaeological investigations at the New Buffalo Weigh Stations project along I-94 in Berrien County, Michigan, a team of researchers from the Department of Anthropology performed a systematic and intensive site location survey of the project area on 17 Nov 85 and preliminary test excavation of the New Buffalo Weigh Station site (20BE380) on 22-23 Mar 86.

Following our initial visit to the project in November, surveyors were able to ...


16-The Indian And The Prairie: Prehistoric And Early Historic Utilization Of Native Grassland Environments In Kalamazoo County) Michigan, With Emphasis On Gourd-Neck Prairie In Schoolcraft Township. Project No. S85-212, William M. Cremin, David De Fant, Conrad Kaufman Jan 1986

16-The Indian And The Prairie: Prehistoric And Early Historic Utilization Of Native Grassland Environments In Kalamazoo County) Michigan, With Emphasis On Gourd-Neck Prairie In Schoolcraft Township. Project No. S85-212, William M. Cremin, David De Fant, Conrad Kaufman

Archaeological Reports

With grant support from the National Park Service, Department of the Interior, administered by the Bureau of History, Michigan Department of State, a team of archaeologists from Western Michigan University has undertaken a program of fieldwork (with appropriate literature search and review of the documents) to identify archaeological sites and ascertain the nature of the activity conducted from them in an attempt to explain the nature of the relationship between the native inhabitants of Kalamazoo County and the former grassland environments that occurred here.

A review of the relevant literature prior to initiating a program of survey on Gourd-Neck Prairie ...


74-Paleoethnobotanical Remains From Three Sites In The Mark Twain National Forest, Missouri, William M. Cremin Jan 1986

74-Paleoethnobotanical Remains From Three Sites In The Mark Twain National Forest, Missouri, William M. Cremin

Reports of Investigations

No abstract provided.


72-Prehistoric Plant Residues From The Bonnie Creek Site (21c4-46), A Mississippian Farmstead In The Northfield, Burning Star Mine #4, Perry Co., Il, William M. Cremin Jan 1986

72-Prehistoric Plant Residues From The Bonnie Creek Site (21c4-46), A Mississippian Farmstead In The Northfield, Burning Star Mine #4, Perry Co., Il, William M. Cremin

Reports of Investigations

The site under investigation, Bonnie Creek (21C4-46), is located in the Northfield of Consolidation Coal Company's Burning Star Mine# 4, Perry County, Illinois. Lying within the southern portion of the Till Plains Division, known as the Mt. Vernon Hill Country, the Northfield exhibits a mature landscape of gently rolling hills and broad alluvial valleys through which flow Galum Creek and its major tributaries, Rock Fork and Bonnie creeks. Galum Creek, in turn, is tributary to the Big Muddy River of southern Illinois.


18-Archaeological Survey Of Hiscock #1-11 Well Pad (20ae813) And Access Road, Valley Township, Allegan County, Michigan, Elizabeth B. Garland Jan 1986

18-Archaeological Survey Of Hiscock #1-11 Well Pad (20ae813) And Access Road, Valley Township, Allegan County, Michigan, Elizabeth B. Garland

Archaeological Technical Reports

Project Inception

Michael G. Cote, District Geologist, Department of Natural Resources (Plainwell), contacted Elizabeth Garland by telephone on August 18, 1986, concerning preparation of an oil drilling locality in Valley Township, Allegan County. A map detailing the location was delivered to Garland by a representative of the Petroleum Leasing and Exploration Company (Allegan) the following day. Since the planned well site was seen to be near a stream and within half a mile of a known prehistoric site, an archaeological survey was deemed advisable. Field work was carried out on August 20 and 21 by Garland and two associates from ...


20-Archaeological Survey Of The Us-23 Weigh Stations Project In Whiteford Township, Monroe County, Michigan, William M. Cremin Jan 1986

20-Archaeological Survey Of The Us-23 Weigh Stations Project In Whiteford Township, Monroe County, Michigan, William M. Cremin

Archaeological Technical Reports

With the execution of a Cultural Resource Investigation work authorization (#6-86/87) under contract #85-1115 (MDOS ER #4573), as amended, on 10 Oct 86 between the Michigan Department of Transportation, the Michigan Department of State, and Western Michigan University, authorizing Phase I assessment of the US-23 Weigh Stations project in Whiteford Township, Monroe County, Michigan, archaeologists undertook a systematic and intensive on-site survey of the project on 20-21 Oct 86.

Employing reconnaissance and shovel testing,procedures, the survey team thoroughly examined an area of 25.9 ha (64 acres), making not a single observation of potential significance with respect to ...


Seedskadee Project: Remote Sensing In Non-Site Archeology., U.S. National Park Service Jan 1986

Seedskadee Project: Remote Sensing In Non-Site Archeology., U.S. National Park Service

All U.S. Government Documents (Utah Regional Depository)

A cultural resources inventory survey of the lands near the Seedskadee National Wildlife Refuge.


Perspectives On Andean Prehistory And Protohistory: Papers From The Third Annual Northeast Conference On Andean Archaeology And Ethnohistory, Daniel H. Sandweiss, D. Peter Kvietok, Patricia Netherly, Michael A. Malpass, Dwight T. Wallace, Richard E. Daggett, John R. Topic, Tom D. Dillehay, Lawrence Kaplan, Elizabeth Bonnier, Coreen E. Chiswell, Stuart V. Arnold, Monica Barnes Jan 1986

Perspectives On Andean Prehistory And Protohistory: Papers From The Third Annual Northeast Conference On Andean Archaeology And Ethnohistory, Daniel H. Sandweiss, D. Peter Kvietok, Patricia Netherly, Michael A. Malpass, Dwight T. Wallace, Richard E. Daggett, John R. Topic, Tom D. Dillehay, Lawrence Kaplan, Elizabeth Bonnier, Coreen E. Chiswell, Stuart V. Arnold, Monica Barnes

Andean Past Special Publications

This volume represents eight of the eighteen papers presented at the Third Northeast Conference on Andean Archaeology and Ethnohistory held at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst on October 27 and 28, 1984. It also includes a paper presented at the Second NCAAE held at the American Museum of Natural History on November 19-20, 1983. The papers include: "Wandering Shellfish: New Insights from Southeastern Coastal Ecuador" by Patricia Netherly, "Late Prehistoric Terracing at Chijra in the Collca Valley, Peru: Preliminary Report I" by Michael A. Malpass, "The Topara Tradition: An Overview" by Dwight T. Wallace, "The Peruvian North Central Coast During ...


Dialect Symbols In Aubrey's Dictionary, Pauleena Macdougall Jan 1986

Dialect Symbols In Aubrey's Dictionary, Pauleena Macdougall

Papers on the Penobscot Language

MacDougall's article discusses the translation of Aubery's Abenaki Dictionary and its representation of the Penobscot culture, society, and language.


El Patrón De Asentamiento En Tikal, Guatemala, Y Otros Sitios Mayas De Las Tierras Bajas: Implicaciones Para El Cambio Cultural, Marshall Joseph Becker Jan 1986

El Patrón De Asentamiento En Tikal, Guatemala, Y Otros Sitios Mayas De Las Tierras Bajas: Implicaciones Para El Cambio Cultural, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Household Shrines At Tikal, Guatemala: Size As A Reflection Of Economic Status, Marshall Joseph Becker Jan 1986

Household Shrines At Tikal, Guatemala: Size As A Reflection Of Economic Status, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Abandoned Heart Of Copan, Honduras: Reconstruction Of A Classic Period Maya City Ruins By The Sixteenth Century, Marshall Joseph Becker Jan 1986

The Abandoned Heart Of Copan, Honduras: Reconstruction Of A Classic Period Maya City Ruins By The Sixteenth Century, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Okehocking Band Of Lenape: Cultural Continuities And Accommodations In Southeastern Pennsylvania, Marshall Joseph Becker Jan 1986

The Okehocking Band Of Lenape: Cultural Continuities And Accommodations In Southeastern Pennsylvania, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Neutron Activation Analysis And Chemical Inference For The Identification Of Buena Vista Ceramics, Daniel D. Sullivan Jan 1986

Neutron Activation Analysis And Chemical Inference For The Identification Of Buena Vista Ceramics, Daniel D. Sullivan

Dissertations and Theses

Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis was used for this study of stonewares collected from the site of the Buena Vista/Oregon Pottery Company (1866-1890).

The results show significant chemical signatures in the samples tested. Thorium/ytterbium and thorium/chromium ratios within their respective ranges of variation demonstrate a relative conformity among all samples of Buena Vista ceramics.


Psb-Op 160, 166, 171, 172-Ceramic Analyses, Patricia Urban, Sylvia Smith, Edward Schortman Jan 1986

Psb-Op 160, 166, 171, 172-Ceramic Analyses, Patricia Urban, Sylvia Smith, Edward Schortman

Four Valleys Archive

No abstract provided.


Psb-Op 155-Ceramic Analyses, Patricia Urban, Sylvia Smith, Edward Schortman Jan 1986

Psb-Op 155-Ceramic Analyses, Patricia Urban, Sylvia Smith, Edward Schortman

Four Valleys Archive

No abstract provided.