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Archaeological Anthropology

1981

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 42, No. 2, Massachusetts Archaeological Society Oct 1981

Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 42, No. 2, Massachusetts Archaeological Society

Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society

  • Editor’s Note (Barbara E. Luedtke)
  • True Blades in Massachusetts (Russell J. Barber)
  • The Segreganset River Site: M39-SE 102 (Arthur C. Staples)
  • Report on the Bronson Museum (Massachusetts Historical Commission)
  • Matching Can Be Fun (William B. Taylor)
  • Sally Rock Quarry (William F. Bowman)
  • Salvage Archaeology at Indian Rock House (Bernard W. Powell)


Prehistoric And Historic Cultural Resources In The Chattanooga Area And An Assessment Of Four Prospective Sites For The Proposed River Port At Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tennessee, E. Raymond Evans, Nicholas Honerkamp Jul 1981

Prehistoric And Historic Cultural Resources In The Chattanooga Area And An Assessment Of Four Prospective Sites For The Proposed River Port At Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tennessee, E. Raymond Evans, Nicholas Honerkamp

Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology Reports

In July, 1981, personnel of the Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, conducted a preliminary assessment of four prospective sites under consideration for the construction of a river port facility at the city of Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tennessee, in accordance with an agreement between the Institute and the firm of Sverdrup and Parcel and Associates, Inc. The study was based on a review of available archival, documentary, and published data relevant to the Chattanooga area. This study revealed that all four prospective sites are known to contain cultural remains, but the overall significance of these ...


Those Were The Days, Portsmouth Times Jul 1981

Those Were The Days, Portsmouth Times

Indian Head Rock Project

An article published in the Portsmouth Times on Indian Head Rock from July 1, 1981.


Archaeological Assessment And Report Of Investigations Involving Sweetwater Creek Watershed (Pl-566), Philadelphia, Loudon County, Tennessee, E. Raymond Evans, Nicholas Honerkamp Apr 1981

Archaeological Assessment And Report Of Investigations Involving Sweetwater Creek Watershed (Pl-566), Philadelphia, Loudon County, Tennessee, E. Raymond Evans, Nicholas Honerkamp

Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology Reports

An archaeological survey-reconnaissance of the Sweetwater Creek project area, located in Philadelphia, Tennessee, was conducted by one of the authors during April, 1981. At least 15 archaeological sites were defined in the project area on the basis of combined documentary and archaeological evidence. These include three nineteenth century mill sites, a historically significant spring, and at least eleven domestic-craft occupations. In addition, the presence of a Civil War battlefield in the project area is strongly inferred, although its exact location has not been defined archaeologically; no evidence of prehistoric occupations was noted. It is recommended that all sites in the ...


Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 42, No. 1, Massachusetts Archaeological Society Apr 1981

Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 42, No. 1, Massachusetts Archaeological Society

Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society

  • Editorial Greeting (Barbara E. Luedtke)
  • Nature’s Transformations and Other Pitfalls: Toward a Better Understanding of Post-Occupational Changes in Archaeological Site Morphology in the Northeast. Part II: Invertebrates (Alan E. Strauss)
  • A Middle/Late Woodland Shell Midden at Peace Haven 2 (Roy Athearn, Arthur Staples, and Carol Barnes)
  • The Mattequecham Wigwam Murder (Elizabeth A. Little)


Middle Woodland Ceramics Of Northwestern Indiana And Western Michigan, William L. Mangold Apr 1981

Middle Woodland Ceramics Of Northwestern Indiana And Western Michigan, William L. Mangold

Master's Theses

Much information regarding the Middle Woodland occupation of northwestern Indiana and western Michigan has been recovered since the definition of the Goodall Focus by Quimby (1941a). The object of this report is to undertake a detailed stylistic analysis of the ceramic assemblages from Middle Woodland sites, including the vessels used to elucidate Middle Woodland cultural relationships within this region. An attempt is made to establish stylistic zones through the use of typological and attribute analysis.


The Paleoethnobotany Of The Upper Mississippi Component At The Elam Site, A Seasonal Encampment On The Lower Kalamazoo River, Kathryn E. Parachini Apr 1981

The Paleoethnobotany Of The Upper Mississippi Component At The Elam Site, A Seasonal Encampment On The Lower Kalamazoo River, Kathryn E. Parachini

Master's Theses

Carbonized floral remains from the Elam site (20AE195) located on the Kalamazoo River in Allegan County, Michigan are identified and analyzed in terms of the local Upper Mississippian subsistence system. The function of Elam as a specialized activity locus in the seasonal round of a late prehistoric people is examined. Interpretations of the botanical data permit hypothetical reconstruction of vegetation and natural ecosystems in the site vicinity as they were prior to Euro-American contact. A warm weather seasonal re-occupation of several months duration is indicated, with intensive exploitation of several plant and animal resources abundant in the riverine and marsh ...


Carnegie Museum Of Natural History Archaeological Survey, James L. Swauger Feb 1981

Carnegie Museum Of Natural History Archaeological Survey, James L. Swauger

Indian Head Rock Project

Archaeological survey forms completed by the Carnegie Museum of Natural History on the Indian Head Rock from February 12, 1981 and July 9, 1984.


Time And Process In An Uruk Rural Center, Henry T. Wright, Naomi F. Miller, Richard Redding Jan 1981

Time And Process In An Uruk Rural Center, Henry T. Wright, Naomi F. Miller, Richard Redding

University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology Papers

No abstract provided.


4-Phase Ii Testing Of Eight Prehistoric Sites In The Proposed Right-Of-Way Of Us-31, Berrien County, Michigan, Elizabeth B. Garland, Caven P. Clark Jan 1981

4-Phase Ii Testing Of Eight Prehistoric Sites In The Proposed Right-Of-Way Of Us-31, Berrien County, Michigan, Elizabeth B. Garland, Caven P. Clark

Archaeological Technical Reports

In 1979 Western Michigan University undertook the Phase I archae.ological survey of 20 miles along the proposed route of US-31, Matthew Road to I-94, in Berrien County, Michigan. A report on this work by Elizabeth Garland and William Mangold was submitted to the Michigan Department of Transportation and the Michigan Department of State in May, 1980 (Garland and Mangold 1980).

The 1979 site location survey identified eight sites partially or completely within the proposed right-of-way which were deemed to be sufficiently significant to require further testing. Site locations (on topographic maps) are provided on Maps 1-A, 1-B, 2-A, 2-B ...


9-Settlement Pattern Survey In Allegan County, Michigan: 1980 Field Season, Elizabeth B. Garland, Kathryn Parachini Jan 1981

9-Settlement Pattern Survey In Allegan County, Michigan: 1980 Field Season, Elizabeth B. Garland, Kathryn Parachini

Archaeological Reports

The 1980 Settlement Pattern Survey in Allegan County, Michigan observed and recorded 75 prehistoric sites representing a total of 81 components. This report describes and evaluates these sites and the archaeological materials recovered from them. Site location relative to second and third order streams in this portion of the Lower Kalamazoo River basin is evaluated, and the importance of this relationship in comparison with soil association and landform is assessed.


8-The Portage River Archaeological Survey, St. Joseph County, Michigan, Lawrence G. Dorothy, Elizabeth B. Garland Jan 1981

8-The Portage River Archaeological Survey, St. Joseph County, Michigan, Lawrence G. Dorothy, Elizabeth B. Garland

Archaeological Reports

A 20-day field/informant type of archaeological survey was performed on a 13 section corridor in Park and Mendon townships in St. Joseph County and section 32 of Brady Township in Kalamazoo County, Michigan. This survey universe bordered on portions of the Portage River and its tributaries and along the shores of Portage and Fishers lakes. Twenty-nine prehistoric human occupation sites were located, described and recorded during the survey, five of which had been previously known (four unrecorded). Many of the sites were multicomponent but the majority of components are believed to represent Archaic period cultural manifestations. About 300 recognizable ...


6-Archaeological Survey Of The Allegan Apartment Project, Allegan, Michigan, Elizabeth B. Garland, Caven P. Clark Jan 1981

6-Archaeological Survey Of The Allegan Apartment Project, Allegan, Michigan, Elizabeth B. Garland, Caven P. Clark

Archaeological Technical Reports

This project was carried out under terms of a contract between Western Michigan University and Gardner Management Company of Kalamazoo, Michigan, Mr. Jeff Gardner, President.

Mr. Gardner requested that this survey be done via a phone call to Elizabeth Garland in early May. He subsequently forwarded maps and provided information necessary for project planning and a budget was prepared. The contract was signed May 20, 1981.


7-An Archaeological Survey Of The Approaches And Bridge Relocation Along Us-12 Over The Fawn River, White Pigeon Township, St. Joseph County, Michigan, William M. Cremin Jan 1981

7-An Archaeological Survey Of The Approaches And Bridge Relocation Along Us-12 Over The Fawn River, White Pigeon Township, St. Joseph County, Michigan, William M. Cremin

Archaeological Technical Reports

Pursuant to the signing of a cooperative agreement (dated 4 Sep 81) between the Michigan Department of Transportation, the Michigan Department of State and Western Michigan University, authorizing an archaeological survey of the approaches and bridge relocation along US-12 over the Fawn River near White Pigeon in St. Joseph County, Michigan, a team of archaeologists from the Department of Anthropology initiated a literature and documents search and on-site evaluation of the project area in order to ascertain whether road improvement activities planned for this segment of the US-12 corridor would adversely impact cultural resources. There follows a report of this ...


10-An Archaeological Survey Of Calhoun And Jackson Counties, Michigan: 1980 Multiple Transect Survey In The Upper Kalamazoo River Valley, William M. Cremin, Rebecca E. Dinsmore Jan 1981

10-An Archaeological Survey Of Calhoun And Jackson Counties, Michigan: 1980 Multiple Transect Survey In The Upper Kalamazoo River Valley, William M. Cremin, Rebecca E. Dinsmore

Archaeological Reports

In 1980 the Kalamazoo Basin Survey moved upstream into the upper valley of Calhoun and Jackson Counties, establishing and investigating three transects located between the communities of Battle Creek on the west and Concord on the east (Fig. 1). Transect A encompasses 94.5 km2 of Convis, Emmett, Marshall and Pennfield Townships in Calhoun County. Transect B comprises 74.1 km2 of Albion, Eckford, Marengo and Sheridan Townships in the same county. Transect C includes 82.9 km2 of Concord and Pulaski Townships in Jackson County and represents the final transect to be investigated as part of ...


Background To Historic And Prehistoric Resources Of The East Mojave Desert Region, U.S. Bureau Of Land Management Jan 1981

Background To Historic And Prehistoric Resources Of The East Mojave Desert Region, U.S. Bureau Of Land Management

All U.S. Government Documents (Utah Regional Depository)

historic and prehistoric resources of the east mojave desert region


Archaeological Testing And Collecting At Choke Canyon Reservoir, Nueces River Project, Texas, Carl S. Weed, Harry J. Shafer Jan 1981

Archaeological Testing And Collecting At Choke Canyon Reservoir, Nueces River Project, Texas, Carl S. Weed, Harry J. Shafer

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This monograph reports the findings made during the summer of 1977 of test

excavations and/or surface collections at 17 prehistoric archaeological sites

in the Choke Canyon Reservoir area. The work was carried out by Texas A&M

University for the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas

at San Antonio. The field work was conducted to assess the archaeological

potential of each site in order to advance recommendations for further investigations.

The artifact samples, although meager, are described and these data

are incorporated with other information from each site towards an overall site

evaluation. Recommendations for further work ...


Archaeological Survey Of Power Line Routes In Kerr And Kendall Counties, Texas, For The Bandera Electric Cooperative, Inc., Michael C. Woerner Jan 1981

Archaeological Survey Of Power Line Routes In Kerr And Kendall Counties, Texas, For The Bandera Electric Cooperative, Inc., Michael C. Woerner

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In August 1981, the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio, conducted an archaeological survey of power line right-of- ways in Kerr and Kendall Counties for the Bandera Electric Cooperative, Inc. One archaeological site (41 KE 79) was located at the proposed substation site south of Comfort, Texas, and is recommended for additional investigation.


Test Excavations At Mission San Francisco De La Espada, Anne A. Fox Jan 1981

Test Excavations At Mission San Francisco De La Espada, Anne A. Fox

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In early May 1981, the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio conducted test excavations at Mission de la Espada. In an area north of the church, planned for future parking, three test units were excavated to determine the soil stratification and whether construction would impact architectural or cultural features. No indications of such features was found. In an area outside the east wall, where apparent wall foundations appear in aerial photographs, testing revealed that all but a few traces of a structure built in the early 1900s have since been removed.


Archaeological Investigations At The San Pedro Aceqnia San Antonio, Texas, Augustine J. Frkuska Jr. Jan 1981

Archaeological Investigations At The San Pedro Aceqnia San Antonio, Texas, Augustine J. Frkuska Jr.

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The irrigation system in San Antonio was an integral part of its early history. Within the San Antonio area irrigation was a necessity to extend the planting season. An extended planting season would allow for diversified crops with different harvesting periods. The first municipal irrigation system was the San Pedro Acequia. It was constructed to serve the town with fresh water for household use and agricultural purposes. As the population increased and technology improved, the acequias changed in both appearance and function. In time, the San Pedro Acequia system became part of San Antonio's forgotten past.

Recently, excavations on ...


Archaeological And Historical Investigations In Bastrop And Lee Counties, Texas, Thomas C. Kelly, Erwin Roemer, Jr. Jan 1981

Archaeological And Historical Investigations In Bastrop And Lee Counties, Texas, Thomas C. Kelly, Erwin Roemer, Jr.

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This reconnaissance-level cultural resources survey of 1900 acres in northern Bastrop County, including a small area in Lee County, Texas, was accomplished by the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio, in July 1980. City Public Service (CPS) of San Antonio has proposed a lignite mining project in the area, and this represents the first attempt to determine the nature of the cultural resources and the problems they might present in developing the lignite deposits. Prehistoric resources in the primary area were scarce and of limited significance, but three sites on the west side of the ...


An Archaeological Survey Of A Portion Of The Choke Canyon Reservoir Area In Mcmullen And Live Oak Counties, Texas, Alston V. Thoms, John L. Montgomery, Alice W. Portnoy Jan 1981

An Archaeological Survey Of A Portion Of The Choke Canyon Reservoir Area In Mcmullen And Live Oak Counties, Texas, Alston V. Thoms, John L. Montgomery, Alice W. Portnoy

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

An intensive cultural resource survey was carried out on approximately 2544 hectares (6285 acres) of the proposed Choke Canyon Reservoir by the Cultural Resources Institute (CRI) of Texas Tech University from August through October 1977. The project was undertaken in response to needs of the Bureau of Reclamation. This report is one of a multivolume study.'concerning the area's cultural resources. During the 1977 survey, 113 archaeological sites, 42 low density artifact scatters, and five isolated finds were located and recorded. A no-collection policy was maintained, except isolated finds. In the late fall 1977, 15 of the recorded sites ...


Historic Indian Groups Of The Choke Canyon Reservoir And Surrounding Area, Southern Texas, T. N. Campbell, T. J. Campbell Jan 1981

Historic Indian Groups Of The Choke Canyon Reservoir And Surrounding Area, Southern Texas, T. N. Campbell, T. J. Campbell

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This volume is the first in a series to be published on the archaeology, history and ethnohistory of the Choke Canyon Reservoir area in southern Texas. Intensive, coordinated cultural resource investigations have been underway in the reservoir basin since 1977, under the terms of Contract No. 7-07-50-V0897 (Nueces River Project), between the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio and the Water and Power. Resources Service (formerly the Bureau of Reclamation) of the United States Department of the Interior.


An Archaeological Survey For The Southwest Texas Electric Cooperative In Schleicher And Crockett Counties, Texas, Michael C. Woerner Jan 1981

An Archaeological Survey For The Southwest Texas Electric Cooperative In Schleicher And Crockett Counties, Texas, Michael C. Woerner

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In July 1981, the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio, conducted an archaeological survey of power line right-of-ways in Schleicher and Crockett Counties. The survey was performed for the Southwest Electric Cooperative, Inc. Eight archaeological sites were located during this project. Three sites (41 SL 5, 41 SL 8, and 41 SL 9) are recommended for additional documentation if they are to be additionally disturbed. The other sites found need no further work.


Archaeological Survey And Testing At Rancho De Las Cabras, Wilson County, Texas, James E. Ivey, Anne A. Fox Jan 1981

Archaeological Survey And Testing At Rancho De Las Cabras, Wilson County, Texas, James E. Ivey, Anne A. Fox

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

During summer 1980 a program of archaeological survey and testing was carried out by the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Anionio, for the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department at the site of Rancho de las Cabras near Floresville, Texas. The site is reputed to be the livestock ranch of Mission San Fran~isco de la Espada in the late 18th century. Large areas of the site were surveyed to determine if prehistoric sites were present. The limits of the historic occupation were determined through surface survey and shovel testing. Archaeological testing within and adjacent to ...


The Determination Of A Relative Chronology For A Surface Archeological Site Using The Obsidian Hydration Dating Method, Scott Preston Thomas Jan 1981

The Determination Of A Relative Chronology For A Surface Archeological Site Using The Obsidian Hydration Dating Method, Scott Preston Thomas

Dissertations and Theses

This methodological study is an attempt to develop relative chronologies for surface archaeological sites from the obsidian hydration analysis of waste flake samples. Two sites in southeastern Oregon were selected and their surface components sampled. The results of the obsidian hydration analysis indicate, that with the use of random sampling methods and general geochemical control, a fairly accurate representation of the history of an archaeological surface site can be obtained.


Cultural Resources Survey: Freeport, Harbor, Texas, (45-Foot) Navigation Improvement Project, Brazoria County, Texas, Anne A. Fox, James E. Ivey, J. Carroll Markey Jan 1981

Cultural Resources Survey: Freeport, Harbor, Texas, (45-Foot) Navigation Improvement Project, Brazoria County, Texas, Anne A. Fox, James E. Ivey, J. Carroll Markey

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In October and November of 1980, the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio, conducted an intensive resource survey and limited testing in an area on either side of the mouth of the Brazos River in Brazoria County, Texas. A history was composed of the project area in relation to that of the Republic and State of Texas. A structural history of the town of Velasco was compiled from archival and historical research. Intensive survey and assessment of the project area resulted in the conclusion that, aside from a few possible subsurface indications at or below ...


The Santonio Project: An Archaeological Reconnaissance For Urex, Inc. Southeastern Webb County, Texas, Eric C. Gibson Jan 1981

The Santonio Project: An Archaeological Reconnaissance For Urex, Inc. Southeastern Webb County, Texas, Eric C. Gibson

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In October 1980, archaeologists from the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio, under contract to Fisher, Harden and Fisher, Inc., completed an archaeological survey of a proposed locality for solution uranium mining wells in southeastern Webb County, Texas. This survey produced evidence of Middle Archaic to Late Archaic prehistoric sites in the area. Twelve archaeological sites were documented. Five of these sites, located in the proposed mining area, were totally collected and mapped. The other seven sites outside of the proposed mining area were mapped and only those sites with cultural/historical significance were collected ...


Archaeological Testing Of Six Sites Along U.S. Highway 56 El Paso County, Texas, John W. Clark Jan 1981

Archaeological Testing Of Six Sites Along U.S. Highway 56 El Paso County, Texas, John W. Clark

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Six prehistoric sites along the proposed route of U.S. Highway 54 in El Paso County, Texas, were tested during the spring and summer of 1981. No further work is recommended at four of these sites due to the paucity of recovered materials and the general deflated and eroded nature of the sites.

Two sites are recommended for further work. Testing of Site 41EP321 produced two probable pithouse features with buried charcoal lenses and possible post holes as well as numerous varied artifacts including Mimbres Black-on-White, Chupardero Black-on-White, El Paso Brown, and El Paso Polychrome pottery types. Testing of Site ...


A Reappraisal Of The Archaeological Resources Along The Proposed Lagrange Bypass, Alternate Route A, Fayette County, Texas, Wayne C. Young Jan 1981

A Reappraisal Of The Archaeological Resources Along The Proposed Lagrange Bypass, Alternate Route A, Fayette County, Texas, Wayne C. Young

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

For a number of years, a proposed bypass around the city of LaGrange in Fayette County, Texas, has been in various planning stages with the ultimate objective of diverting highway traffic from the downtown area. Four possible routes have been studied in recent years, and a decision has now been made to proceed with Route A, the closest route to the city along the city's northern boundary (Fig. 1).

The archaeology section of the State Department of Highways and Public Transportation has been involved in cultural resource surveys along each of the proposed corridors and has located prehistoric archaeological ...