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Archaeological Anthropology

1978

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Lithic Assemblage Of The Hacklander Site, Allegan County, Michigan, Sorensen Dec 1978

The Lithic Assemblage Of The Hacklander Site, Allegan County, Michigan, Sorensen

Master's Theses

Introduction

Orientation

In A History of American Archaeology Willey and Sabloff (1974) outline the development of archaeological method and theory in the Western Hemisphere. The authors defined 5 periods through which they traced advances in archaeology from the time Europe first discovered the New World. Each other these periods is characterized by certain attitudes and orientations toward archaeological data. Old ideas changed as new information, new tools of discovery, and new ways of interpretation and explanation transformed archaeology into what it is today.

Archaeologists are now in the Explanatory Period (Willey and Sabloff 1974:178). This period's theoretical orientation ...


Archeological Site Survey Of The Lower Kalamazoo River Basin: Results Of The 1976 Field Season, Neusius Dec 1978

Archeological Site Survey Of The Lower Kalamazoo River Basin: Results Of The 1976 Field Season, Neusius

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 39, No. 2, Massachusetts Archaeological Society Oct 1978

Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 39, No. 2, Massachusetts Archaeological Society

Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society

  • Two Grooved Axe Associations form the South Shore (Gerald D. Zeoli)
  • Nature‚Äôs Transformations and Other Pitfalls: Toward a Better Understanding of Post-Occupational Changes in Archaeological Site Morphology in the Northeast. Part 1: Vegetation (Alan E. Strauss)


31-Archaeological Survey Of 1.7 Acres Of Land Owned By The Michigan Department Of Natural Resources, Barry County, Michigan, Robert G. Kingsley Sep 1978

31-Archaeological Survey Of 1.7 Acres Of Land Owned By The Michigan Department Of Natural Resources, Barry County, Michigan, Robert G. Kingsley

Reports of Investigations

This project was performed at the request of Mr. Spencer Greenhill of the Michigan Department of Natural Resources- Waterways. The 1.7 acres in question are proposed to be an expansion of an adjacent DNR Public Access site on Gull Lake. Fieldwork for this project was carried out on September 2, 1978.


30-Archaeologieal Survey Of 39 Acre Parcel In The Fort Custer Military Reservation, Battle Creek, Michigan, Robert G. Kingsley Aug 1978

30-Archaeologieal Survey Of 39 Acre Parcel In The Fort Custer Military Reservation, Battle Creek, Michigan, Robert G. Kingsley

Reports of Investigations

This survey was performed at the request of Mr. George Kopacha of the Government Services Administration. The purpose of the project was to identify any cultural resources within the project area that would warrant mitigation. The 39 acres will possibly undergo land exchange in the future. The field inspection of the parcel was done on July 28, 1978.


29-Archaeological Survey Of Proposed Land Exchange Area (114 Acres) In The Fort Custer Military Reservation, Battle Creek, Michigan, Robert G. Kingsley Aug 1978

29-Archaeological Survey Of Proposed Land Exchange Area (114 Acres) In The Fort Custer Military Reservation, Battle Creek, Michigan, Robert G. Kingsley

Reports of Investigations

This survey was performed at the request of Mr. Larry E. Wile, Assistant Superintendent, Kalamazoo Valley Intermediate School District. The area to be surveyed was outlined by Mr. George Kopacha of the Government Serviees Administration. The survey was intended to locate and identify cultural resources in the project area prior to land exchange. The fieldwork was carried out on July 28, 1978.


Ethnography For Archaeology: A Functional Interpretation Of An Upper Great Lakes Prehistoric Fishing Artifact, Weston Aug 1978

Ethnography For Archaeology: A Functional Interpretation Of An Upper Great Lakes Prehistoric Fishing Artifact, Weston

Master's Theses

Introduction and Problem

One of the basic and challenging tasks in archaeology is the interpretation of artifacts and the reconstruction of prehistoric cultures. Difficulties arise primarily because (1) not all past human behavior is manifest in the archaeological record, and (2) that which remains is only adequately represented. Our success at understanding prehistory is further limited by differential preservation, lack of representative samples, and loss of contextual data. Even with the use of sophisticated recovery techniques, vigorous analysis, and statistical manipulation it is seldom possible to arrive at neat reconstructions. Prehistory is, after all, the indirect study of human behavior ...


26-Archaeological Survey Of The Proposed State Park Near ~1ichigan Dunes Correctional Facility, Allegan County, Michigan, Robert G. Kingsley Apr 1978

26-Archaeological Survey Of The Proposed State Park Near ~1ichigan Dunes Correctional Facility, Allegan County, Michigan, Robert G. Kingsley

Reports of Investigations

This project was performed at the request of Dr. John R. Halsey, State Archaeologist, at the Michigan History Division, Lansing. The project was an archaeological survey of state-owned lands near the St. Augustine Prison; this area was surveyed to determine if cultural resources would be impacted by the development of a State Park. The fieldwork for the project was carried out on the 24th and 25th of April, 1978.


Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 39, No. 1, Massachusetts Archaeological Society Apr 1978

Bulletin Of The Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Vol. 39, No. 1, Massachusetts Archaeological Society

Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society

  • The Mattaquason Purchase Site (M48N6), North Chatham (Marie Eteson, Marilyn D. Crary, and Mary F. Chase)
  • Letters to the Editor


The Ceramics Of The Sand Point Site (20bg14) Baraga County, Michigan: A Preliminary Description, Dorothy Apr 1978

The Ceramics Of The Sand Point Site (20bg14) Baraga County, Michigan: A Preliminary Description, Dorothy

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Camp Site Beneath The Cravens House Porch, Jeffrey L. Brown Jan 1978

The Camp Site Beneath The Cravens House Porch, Jeffrey L. Brown

Jeffrey L. Brown Institute of Archaeology Reports

Archaeological investigations beneath the porch of the Cravens house on the Lookout Mountain battlefield revealed the presence of a camp site apparently occupied by newspaper writers and artists. The camp site and its contents are described.


2-An Archaeological Survey Of Allegan County, Michigan: 1977 Transect Survey In The Lower Kalamazoo River Valley, William M. Cremin, R. David Hoxie, Donald E. Weston Jan 1978

2-An Archaeological Survey Of Allegan County, Michigan: 1977 Transect Survey In The Lower Kalamazoo River Valley, William M. Cremin, R. David Hoxie, Donald E. Weston

Archaeological Reports

Western Michigan University has sponsored archaeological field work in the Kalamazoo River Valley for the last 10 years. For the most part this research has been carried out by the Department of Anthropology's archaeological field school, which has been located in the lower valley during all or portions of 6 field seasons: 1968, 1969, 1973, 1976, 1977 and 1978. Prior to 1976, the Department's field program was directed by Elizabeth Baldwin Garland; and since that time by Garland and William Cremin.

With the inception of the Kalamazoo Basin Archaeological Project in 1976, the research objectives of our program ...


4-Archaeological Survey To Determine Prehistoric Settlement Patterns In Allegan County, Michigan: 1978 Field Season, Elizabeth B. Garland, Robert G. Kingsley Jan 1978

4-Archaeological Survey To Determine Prehistoric Settlement Patterns In Allegan County, Michigan: 1978 Field Season, Elizabeth B. Garland, Robert G. Kingsley

Archaeological Reports

The 1978 Settlement Pattern Survey (SPS 78) in Allegan County, Michigan, a total of 242 sites were recorded, which could be further defined as 260 components. 243 of these components are prehistoric; 17 are historic. Of the 243 prehistoric components identified, 139 (57%) are of undetermined cultural affiliation, while 104 (43%) can be placed in cultural/chronological context. This report details the locations, environmental settings, and materials recovered from these sites, and an evaluation of the significance of these data is presented. i


28-Archaeological Survey Of The Proposed I-94 Business Route Expansion Project, Battle Creek, Michigan, Robert G. Kingsley Jan 1978

28-Archaeological Survey Of The Proposed I-94 Business Route Expansion Project, Battle Creek, Michigan, Robert G. Kingsley

Reports of Investigations

This project was performed at the request of Mr. Mark Schrag of the Environmental and Community Factors Division, Michigan Department of State Highways and Transportation. The project was intended to locate and identify any prehistoric or historical cultural resources in the right-of-way for the proposed I-94 Business Route expansion that might be impacted as a result of road construction. The fieldwork for this project was carried out on July 6 and 7, 1978.


27-Archaeological Survey Of The Proposed Gift Tract (76 Acres), Fort Custer Military Reservation, Battle Creek, Michigan, Robert G. Kingsley Jan 1978

27-Archaeological Survey Of The Proposed Gift Tract (76 Acres), Fort Custer Military Reservation, Battle Creek, Michigan, Robert G. Kingsley

Reports of Investigations

This survey was performed at the request of Mr. Dee Weaver of the Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Lands Division. The purpose of the project was to determine whether or not extant cultural resources existed on a 76 acre parcel of land in the Fort Custer l1ilitary Reservation; this determination was to be made prior to the proposed exchange of the parcel from the U.S. government to the DNR. The fieldwork for the project was carried out on June 28, 1978.


33-A Report Of Archaeological Investigations Undertaken To Determine The Extent And Cultural Significance Of The Grant Street Site (20 Ae 613), City Of Otsego, Allegan County, Michigan, William M. Cremin Jan 1978

33-A Report Of Archaeological Investigations Undertaken To Determine The Extent And Cultural Significance Of The Grant Street Site (20 Ae 613), City Of Otsego, Allegan County, Michigan, William M. Cremin

Reports of Investigations

Pursuant to a letter (Ref: ER-426) from the office of Dr. Martha M. Bigelow, State Historic Preservation Officer, to Mr. Barry Visel of Gave Associates, Inc. of Kalamazoo, and at the request of the City Council of Otsego, the Department of Anthropology at Western Michigan University undertook limited test excavation of the Grant Street site on 30 Nov 78. There follows a report of our activities and findings with respect to this site.


3-An Archaeological Survey Of Allegan County, Michigan: 1978 Multiple Transect Survey In The Middle Kalamazoo River Valley, William M. Cremin, Jean F. Marek Jan 1978

3-An Archaeological Survey Of Allegan County, Michigan: 1978 Multiple Transect Survey In The Middle Kalamazoo River Valley, William M. Cremin, Jean F. Marek

Archaeological Reports

In 1977, as in the previous year, Cremin's Kalamazoo Basin Survey was integrated with the annual field school, but with the addition of grant support for survey from the Michigan History Division. The availability of external funding, together with our desire to implement more rigorous survey procedures, resulted in much better coverage during this season than had been realized in 1976.

The area investigated in 1977 is located 9 km upstream from the 1976 transect and included an area of 93 km 2 , or the equivalent of one township (Figure 1). This transect was stratified according to the distribution ...


32-An Archaeological Survey Of Land Involved In The Proposed Expansion Of Sewage Treatment Facilities, City Of Otsego, Allegan County, Michigan, William M. Cremin Jan 1978

32-An Archaeological Survey Of Land Involved In The Proposed Expansion Of Sewage Treatment Facilities, City Of Otsego, Allegan County, Michigan, William M. Cremin

Reports of Investigations

The project was initiated upon receipt of a letter (dated 21 Sep 78) from Ms. Jane Tice, Clerk of the Village of Otsego, and carried out with the assistance of Mr. Michael Doleski, City Manager and Mr. Dean Smalla, Superintendent of the treatment facility. Our objective was to determine whether existing plans to expand the facility might impact cultural resources.


Methodology For Analysis Of Diet Grit Size On Molar Attrition For Fourche Maline And Caddo People, Judith C. Stewart, Mary L. Powell, J. C. Rose Jan 1978

Methodology For Analysis Of Diet Grit Size On Molar Attrition For Fourche Maline And Caddo People, Judith C. Stewart, Mary L. Powell, J. C. Rose

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Using the Murphy (1959) system for scoring the degree of dentin exposure, Fourche Maline (Woodland) molars show a greater attrition rate than Caddo (Mississippian) molars. Archeological evidence suggests that this differential in attrition rates is caused by the use of stone grinders for food preparation in the Fourche Maline culture and their absence among the Caddo. Analysis of scratches on the occlusal surface of molars from these samples confirms this hypothesis. Several techniques for observing these scratches and reconstructing the grit sizes and grit particle frequencies responsible for this differential abrasion are evaluated.


Prehistoric Cremations From Nogales, Arizona *, Karl J. Reinhard, Jeff H. Shipman Jan 1978

Prehistoric Cremations From Nogales, Arizona *, Karl J. Reinhard, Jeff H. Shipman

Karl Reinhard Papers/Publications

In October, 1969, the Highway Salvage Section of the Arizona State Museum conducted emergency salvage excavations in conjunction with the construction of the Tucson-Nogales Highway. Ten cremations were recovered from a backhoe trench which had been placed within the city limits of Nogales, Arizona. Analysis of the cremations indicated cultural contact between the Trincheras culture of Sonora, Mexico, and the Hohokam culture of the Santa Cruz River Valley in southern Arizona.


41bx68: A Preshitoric Quarry-Workshop In Northern Bexar County, Texas, A. Joachim Mcgraw, Fred Valdez Jr. Jan 1978

41bx68: A Preshitoric Quarry-Workshop In Northern Bexar County, Texas, A. Joachim Mcgraw, Fred Valdez Jr.

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

During late February and early March of 1978, personnel from the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio, conducted intensive mapping and limited subsurface testing of the prehistoric quarry-workshop site of 41 BX 68. Investigations of the site, located near the intersection of FM 1604 and Elm Creek in northern Bexar County (see Fig. 1), were conducted under the terms of a contract (Purchase Order No. 40-7442-8-426) with the Soil Conservation Service. Located near proposed Floodwater Retarding Structure 11, portions of the extensive site will soon be altered or critically damaged by modification.

Preliminary observations of ...


Early Human Occupations In South Central And Southwestern Texas: Preliminary Papers On The Baker Cave And St. Mary's Hall Sites, Thomas R. Hester Jan 1978

Early Human Occupations In South Central And Southwestern Texas: Preliminary Papers On The Baker Cave And St. Mary's Hall Sites, Thomas R. Hester

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

During July, 1976, a field team from The University of Texas at San Antonio conducted limited excavations at Baker Cave in Val Verde County, southwestern Texas. The site is located on Phillip's Canyon within the Devil's River drainage. The work was funded by the Center for Field Research, the Texas Archaeological Foundation, and the UTSA Center for Archaeological Research. During. June and July 1977, The University of Texas at San Antonio Archaeological Field Course conducted excavations at the St. Mary's Hall site (41 BX 229), in San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas. The site was officially recorded in ...


Investigation Of Prehistoric Rockshelter And Terrace Sites Along Portions Of The Salado Creek Drainage, Nothern Bexar County, Texas, A. Joachim Mcgraw, Fred Valdez Jr. Jan 1978

Investigation Of Prehistoric Rockshelter And Terrace Sites Along Portions Of The Salado Creek Drainage, Nothern Bexar County, Texas, A. Joachim Mcgraw, Fred Valdez Jr.

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

During late fall and winter of 1977, personnel from the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), conducted limited test excavations and controlled surface collections along portions of the Salado Creek drainage in northern Bexar County (Fig. I). Four specific areas were examined, as they were soon to be inundated or critically altered by proposed floodwater retarding structures. The sites in these locations had previously been identified and recommended for further work by Hester et al. (1974). During field operations, the areas of Floodwater Retarding Structures 3, 6, 10 and 15 were investigated. A total ...


Archaeological Testing In An Area South Of Olmos Dam, San Antonio, Texas, Cristi A. Assad Jan 1978

Archaeological Testing In An Area South Of Olmos Dam, San Antonio, Texas, Cristi A. Assad

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

During November of 1977, five days of archaeological testing were carried out by personnel from the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio, directly south of Olmos Dam, San Antonio, Texas (see Fig. 1). The testing was done under the supervision of Dr. Thomas R. Hester, Director, and Jack D. Eaton, Assistant Director, and was performed under the terms of a contract between CAR and the San Antonio River Authority. The project conforms to the provisions outlined in the E.D.A. Special Terms and Conditions (III 3a), Grant Number 08-19-01911. Antiquities Permit #161 was obtained ...


An Evaluation Of Archaeological Sites In The Vicinity Of Floodwater Retarding Structure No. 2 Dry Comal Creek, Comal County, Texas, Cristi Assad Jan 1978

An Evaluation Of Archaeological Sites In The Vicinity Of Floodwater Retarding Structure No. 2 Dry Comal Creek, Comal County, Texas, Cristi Assad

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

During September and October of 1977, 10 days of limited testing and survey were carried out by personnel from the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR), The University of Texas at San Antonio, under the supervision of Dr. Thomas R. Hester. The work was conducted under the terms of Purchase Order No. 40-7442-1501 issued by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Soil Conservation Service (SCS). The sites tested were in the area to be modified by the construction of Floodwater Retarding Structure No.2 located on Dry Comal Creek in Comal County, south central Texas (Fig. 1). The testing was ...


Archaeological Investigations Of Portions Of The San Pedro And Alazan Acequias In San Antonio, Texas, Anne A. Fox Jan 1978

Archaeological Investigations Of Portions Of The San Pedro And Alazan Acequias In San Antonio, Texas, Anne A. Fox

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In the spring of 1977 the Center for Archaeological Research was requested by Ronald Darner, Director of the San Antonio Parks and Recreation Department, to investigate and record sections of the old acequias, or irrigation ditches which were involved in renovation and landscaping projects in city parks. The purpose of this report is to present the information gained in this endeavor ln lasting and usable form for the future benefit of historians and archaeologists working with these unique and interesting structures.

Since time and space did not allow an exhaustive discussion of the acequia system of San Antonio, the reader ...


Archaeological Monitoring And Testing At The Catalpa-Pershing Storm Drainage Project In San Antonio, Texas, Anne A. Fox, Elizabeth C. Frkuska Jan 1978

Archaeological Monitoring And Testing At The Catalpa-Pershing Storm Drainage Project In San Antonio, Texas, Anne A. Fox, Elizabeth C. Frkuska

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In Feburary 1977, the Center for Archaeological Research was contracted by the City of San Antonio Department of Parks and Recreation to conduct observation and limited testing in the immediate area of the Catalpa-Pershing Drainage Project in Brackenridge Park. The affected area within the park had previously been surveyed for archaeological sites by Center personnel in connection with a general historic and prehistoric survey of the park as a whole (Fox and Katz 1978) in preparation for the proposed Master Plan. During the initial survey, one historic site and two prehistoric sites were recorded in the area through which the ...


An Inventory And Assessment Of Archaeological Sites In The High Country Of Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas, Paul R. Katz Jan 1978

An Inventory And Assessment Of Archaeological Sites In The High Country Of Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas, Paul R. Katz

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

This report will present the results of an archaeological survey conducted in Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas, during the summer of 1976. The specific purpose of this survey was to compile an inventory of prehistoric resources in that portion of the Park known as the High Country, the only portion of the Park which had not yet been subjected to a comprehensive, on-the-ground archaeological reconnaissance. Data gathered during the survey were analyzed and interpreted in the light of existing cultural frameworks for the Park and surrounding region. Criteria of significance and criteria of effect were applied to all documented archaeological ...


The Fort Sam Houston Project: An Archaeological And Historical Assessment, Andrea Gerstle, Thomas C. Kelly, Cristi Assad Jan 1978

The Fort Sam Houston Project: An Archaeological And Historical Assessment, Andrea Gerstle, Thomas C. Kelly, Cristi Assad

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In March 1977, a contract was effected between the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio (CAR-UTSA), and the Fort Worth District Army Corps of Engineers to conduct an archaeological and historical survey of Fort Sam Houston and its south-central Texas properties. This contract (DACA 63-77-6-0081) is part of an overall Environmental Impact Statement required by the National Environmental Policy Act of 1959, implementing Department of Defense Directive 6050.1 and Army Regulation AR 200-1.

The survey was designed to provide an inventory and evaluation of rapidly disappearing archaeological and historical resources and to evaluate impacts ...


Archaeological Investigations At The Mayer House (41bx326) San Antonio, Texas, James E. Ivey Jan 1978

Archaeological Investigations At The Mayer House (41bx326) San Antonio, Texas, James E. Ivey

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Maximilian B. Mayer House (41 BX 326) once stood' on the corner formed by King William Street, South Saint Mary's Street and Durango Boulevard (Fig. l). It was torn down about 1967, but its foundations and other subsurface structures still remain in the ground.

The recent acquisition and renovation by the San Antonio Conservation Society of the Anton Wulff House (at 107 King William Street) included landscaping and the planting of trees over the site of the Mayer House (at 101 King William Street). Since the land is part of the King William Historical District, this alteration of ...