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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Junior Scholars Panel Discussion, Morag Kersel Nov 2014

Junior Scholars Panel Discussion, Morag Kersel

Morag M. Kersel

No abstract provided.


Kennewick Man: Cultural Affiliation Report, Chapter 2: Review Of The Archaeological Data, Kenneth M. Ames Nov 2014

Kennewick Man: Cultural Affiliation Report, Chapter 2: Review Of The Archaeological Data, Kenneth M. Ames

Kenneth M. Ames

Portland State University Professor Kenneth M. Ames was one of 18 distinguished scholars chosen to investigate and report on the cultural affiliation of the Kennewick human remains. This report reviews the extant archaeological record for the Southern Columbia Plateau.


Looters Raid Jordanian Crypts In Search Of Gold, Jewels And Artifacts, Morag Kersel Oct 2014

Looters Raid Jordanian Crypts In Search Of Gold, Jewels And Artifacts, Morag Kersel

Morag M. Kersel

No abstract provided.


Finding And Dating Cathlapotle, Kenneth M. Ames, Elizabeth A. Sobel Oct 2014

Finding And Dating Cathlapotle, Kenneth M. Ames, Elizabeth A. Sobel

Kenneth M. Ames

The people of the Cathlapotle town played a significant role in the fur trade era history of the Lower Columbia River, including Lewis and Clark’s visit on March 29th, 1806. Archaeologists and others have sought the town’s location for years. Long-term research has established that archaeological site 45CL1 on the US Fish and Wildlife Refuge near Ridgefield, Washington is Cathlapotle. This determination is based on the close match between site details with various ethnohistoric accounts of Cathlapotle. The site was occupied by ca. AD 1450 and probably moved there from another nearby location. It was abandoned sometime in ...


The Archaeology Of The Longue Durée: Temporal And Spatial Scale In The Evolution Of Social Complexity On The Southern Northwest Coast, Kenneth M. Ames Oct 2014

The Archaeology Of The Longue Durée: Temporal And Spatial Scale In The Evolution Of Social Complexity On The Southern Northwest Coast, Kenneth M. Ames

Kenneth M. Ames

The emphasis on temporal and geographic scale of the French Annales school of history (cf. Braudel 1980; Baker 1984; Lewthwaite 1988) is the inspiration for this paper. Braudel (1980) divides time into three durations: short term events (days, weeks, months, a few years), medium length conjunctures (years, decades, even major portions of centuries), and long term structures (which may last centuries, even millennia). This last duration is the longue durée. Basic to Annales' thought - and the longue durée - is the idea that to understand historical developments, to explain their causes and dynamics, one must know their temporal and their geographic ...


Sedentism: A Temporal Shift Or A Transitional Change In Hunter-Gatherer Mobility Patterns?, Kenneth M. Ames Sep 2014

Sedentism: A Temporal Shift Or A Transitional Change In Hunter-Gatherer Mobility Patterns?, Kenneth M. Ames

Kenneth M. Ames

Archaeologists widely perceive sedentism as a necessary precondition for social elaboration and complexity among hunter-gatherers. The origins and causes of sedentism are major archaeological research problems, and researchers concern themselves with the transition between nomadism and sedentism. In this paper I argue that there is only variation in residential patterns, which may include sedentism; that sedentism, however it is defined, is not a stable residential pattern among hunter-gatherers; and that, rather than explain the causes of sedentism, one must explain shifts in residential mobility patterns. The case study illustrating these points is drawn from the dry interior region of the ...


Archaeological Investigations At 45cl1 Cathlapotle (1991-1996) , Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge Clark County, Washington: A Preliminary Report, Kenneth M. Ames, Cameron M. Smith, William L. Cornett, Elizabeth A. Sobel, Stephen C. Hamilton, John Wolf, Doria Raetz Sep 2014

Archaeological Investigations At 45cl1 Cathlapotle (1991-1996) , Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge Clark County, Washington: A Preliminary Report, Kenneth M. Ames, Cameron M. Smith, William L. Cornett, Elizabeth A. Sobel, Stephen C. Hamilton, John Wolf, Doria Raetz

Kenneth M. Ames

This is the preliminary report, one in a series on the archaeology of the Wapato Valley region of the Lower Columbia River. Most of the reports discuss aspects of the excavations and archaeology of two sites, the Meier site (35CO5) and Cathlapotle site (45CL1). Other related topics are also treated.

Archaeological investigations at site 45CL1, Clark County, Washington, demonstrate that the locality is a very large (c 1.5ha), deeply stratified (2-4m) town site with an occupation spanning at least 1000 years (c. AD 1000 to 1840). Six large, complex depressions have been mapped. Test excavations show that these depressions ...


Excavation: El Ahwat, Israel, Christine Thompson Jul 2014

Excavation: El Ahwat, Israel, Christine Thompson

Christine Thompson

No abstract provided.


Excavation: Su Mulinu-Villanovafranca, Sardinia, Christine Thompson Jul 2014

Excavation: Su Mulinu-Villanovafranca, Sardinia, Christine Thompson

Christine Thompson

No abstract provided.


Excavation: Vivara, Italy, Christine Thompson Jul 2014

Excavation: Vivara, Italy, Christine Thompson

Christine Thompson

No abstract provided.


Archaeological Aerial Thermography: A Case Study At The Chaco-Era Blue J Community, New Mexico, John Kantner, Jesse Casana, Adam Wiewel, Jackson Cothren Apr 2014

Archaeological Aerial Thermography: A Case Study At The Chaco-Era Blue J Community, New Mexico, John Kantner, Jesse Casana, Adam Wiewel, Jackson Cothren

John Kantner

Despite a long history of studies that demonstrate the potential of aerial thermography to reveal surface and subsurface cultural features, technological and cost barriers have prevented the widespread application of thermal imaging in archaeology. This paper presents a method for collection of high-resolution thermal imagery using an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), as well as a means to efficiently process and orthorectify imagery using photogrammetric software. To test the method, aerial surveys were conducted at the Chaco-period Blue J community in northwestern New Mexico. Results enable the size and organization of most habitation sites to be readily mapped, and also reveal ...


Drones: Archaeology's Newest Tool To Combat Looting, Paul Salopeck Apr 2014

Drones: Archaeology's Newest Tool To Combat Looting, Paul Salopeck

Morag M. Kersel

No abstract provided.


What Was Under The Mcmartin Preschool? A Review And Behavioral Analysis Of The "Tunnels" Find, W. Joseph Wyatt Apr 2014

What Was Under The Mcmartin Preschool? A Review And Behavioral Analysis Of The "Tunnels" Find, W. Joseph Wyatt

W. Joseph Wyatt

The McMartin Preschool child abuse case began in 1983 in Manhattan Beach, California, and was one of the most visible cases in history. Although two trials were conducted and no convictions were obtained, some individuals continue to believe that dozens of children were sexually abused at the preschool. In 1990 an archeologist was hired to determine whether tunnels had existed under the school because some of the children had alleged that some of their abuse took place in tunnels under the building. The archeologist’s report was issued in 1993. It concluded that evidence of back-filled tunnels had been found ...


Expanding Social Networks Through Ritual Deposition: A Case Study From The Lower Mississippi Valley, Megan C. Kassabaum, Erin S. Nelson Mar 2014

Expanding Social Networks Through Ritual Deposition: A Case Study From The Lower Mississippi Valley, Megan C. Kassabaum, Erin S. Nelson

Megan C Kassabaum

No abstract provided.


Response & Resistance: A Comparison Of Middle Connecticut River Valley Ceramics From The Late Woodland Period To The Seventeeth-Century, Julie Woods Mar 2014

Response & Resistance: A Comparison Of Middle Connecticut River Valley Ceramics From The Late Woodland Period To The Seventeeth-Century, Julie Woods

Julie Woods

Native Americans from the middle Connecticut River Valley of New England experienced massive social disruptions during the seventeenth century due to European settlement, but not much is known about their cultural continuities and/or discontinuities during this dynamic period. As an additive technology, ceramics embody the technical choices of potters made at the time of manufacture thus enabling the study of the effect, if any, of colonialism on indigenous material culture and practices in New England. This study examines ceramic assemblages from one Late Woodland period site and one seventeenth-century site in Deerfield, Massachusetts to explore the extent to which ...


Ice Patch Archaeology And Paleoecology In Glacier National Park, Pei-Lin Yu Jan 2014

Ice Patch Archaeology And Paleoecology In Glacier National Park, Pei-Lin Yu

Pei-Lin Yu

A fragment of basket. The tip of a digging stick. The shaft of an ancient spearthrower. Very rarely do such items preserve in the archeological record, but these works of ingenuity and craftsmanship, reflective of past human presence and lifeways in sub-alpine and alpine environments, have been preserved in nearly perfect condition in ice and snow patches for hundreds—or even thousands—of years. Also locked in the ice are traces of vanished ecosystems: animal scat, bones, horns, antlers, fragments of ancient wood, even entire “frozen forests.”


Implications Of Upper Columbia River Lithic Technology For Prehistoric Fishing In The Rockies, Pei-Lin Yu, Jackie M. Cook Jan 2014

Implications Of Upper Columbia River Lithic Technology For Prehistoric Fishing In The Rockies, Pei-Lin Yu, Jackie M. Cook

Pei-Lin Yu

Lithic tools used for fish processing in North America range from hafted lanceolate bifaces and microlithic blades to handheld lunate tools. Despite use wear and residue analysis, archaeologists still lack diagnostic means to identify archaeological fish processing tools at larger scales, resulting in a dearth of knowledge about past fishing behavior. This paper describes and predicts variability in tool shape using ethnographic fish processing data and functional morphology of tabular quartzite tools from Kettle Falls, a major Columbia River salmon fishery. Gender-specific organization of labor during intensive fish harvest and technological behavior associated with large-scale processing practiced by aquatic-focused foragers ...


Ethnoarchaeology As A Strategy For Building Frames Of Reference For Research Problems, Pei-Lin Yu Jan 2014

Ethnoarchaeology As A Strategy For Building Frames Of Reference For Research Problems, Pei-Lin Yu

Pei-Lin Yu

Ethnoarchaeology is a powerful strategy for structuring archaeological research questions that uses ethnographic information to make inferences about the material residues of past human activities. Ethnoarchaeology is not a theoretical approach per se, so it can investigate research questions generated from a wide variety of theoretical perspectives. Ethnoarchaeological scopes and scales of research are expanding rapidly in geography, chronology, method, and theoretical stance, from variables conditioning the manufacture of traditional technology to the evolution of symbolic expression and ritual behaviors.


El Surgimiento Del Paisaje Monumentalizado En La Cuenca Del Lago Titicaca, Luis A. Flores Jan 2014

El Surgimiento Del Paisaje Monumentalizado En La Cuenca Del Lago Titicaca, Luis A. Flores

Luis FLORES

The present paper proposes a new interpretation on the origin of the monumentalized landscape in the Titicaca lake area (South-Central Andes), whose consequences were the emergence of barrow structures at the transition from the Formative to the Archaic periods. Such process could be detected through the analysis of the last complex hunter-gatherers’ houses, where domestic and funerary practices coexisted. Both of them allowed the houses to be seen at objects and subjects at the same time within a cyclical system of existence. In that way monumentality is understood as conveying a form of thinking, whose origins are in the domestic ...


The Decline And Fall Of The Hudson’S Bay Company Village At Fort Vancouver, Douglas Wilson Jan 2014

The Decline And Fall Of The Hudson’S Bay Company Village At Fort Vancouver, Douglas Wilson

Douglas C. Wilson

Archaeological exploration of the remains of the Hudson’s Bay Company Fort Vancouver and its Village (also known as “Kanaka Village”), including its demise in the 1850s, provides the means to explore a difficult but important period in history that continues to shape modern relations between indigenous peoples and other Americans. Historical archaeology provides an independent measure of the Village, supplementing and enlarging its history, and shifting the focus to its inhabitants. Exploration of the human use of space, investment in houses, and ceramics use by households offer new insights into the fur trade community. These data provide us a ...


Babies Aren’T Persons:” A Survey Of Delayed Personhood., David F. Lancy Jan 2014

Babies Aren’T Persons:” A Survey Of Delayed Personhood., David F. Lancy

David Lancy

To better understand attachment from a cross-cultural and historical perspective, I have amassed over 200 cases from the ethnographic and archaeological records that reveal cultural models (D'Andrade and Strauss 1992) of infancy. The 200 cases represent all areas of the world, historical epochs from the Mesolithic to the present and all types of subsistence patterns (Appendix 1). The approach is inductive where cases with similar models of infancy are clustered into archetypes. My principal finding from this analysis is that, in the broadest overview, infants are, effectively, placed on probation and not immediately integrated into the society. Attachment failure ...


Review Essay: Cultural Heritage Management: Power, Values And Identity, Ana Pereira Roders Dec 2013

Review Essay: Cultural Heritage Management: Power, Values And Identity, Ana Pereira Roders

Morag M. Kersel

No abstract provided.


Landscapes Of The Dead: Aerial And Pedestrian Site Monitoring At Fifa, An Early Bronze Age Cemetery On The Dead Sea Plain, Jordan, Morag Kersel Dec 2013

Landscapes Of The Dead: Aerial And Pedestrian Site Monitoring At Fifa, An Early Bronze Age Cemetery On The Dead Sea Plain, Jordan, Morag Kersel

Morag M. Kersel

No abstract provided.


Genomic Research In Indian Country: The New Road To Termination?, Marren Sanders Dec 2013

Genomic Research In Indian Country: The New Road To Termination?, Marren Sanders

Marren Sanders

Genomic science has generated controversy in the social, legal, and ethical arenas for decades, and indigenous populations continue to be a subject of great interest in this area. This article looks at the recent concept of population genomics, a biotechnology used to help scientists understand how genetic variation relates to human health and evolutionary history. Parts II and III examine the debate among scientists as to the migration of the “first Americans” into North America, a debate that is quickly being influenced by the DNA markers found in the human genome. Part IV surveys the history of scientific research involving ...


Archaeologies Of Text: Archaeology, Technology, And Ethics, Matthew Rutz, Morag Kersel Dec 2013

Archaeologies Of Text: Archaeology, Technology, And Ethics, Matthew Rutz, Morag Kersel

Morag M. Kersel

No abstract provided.


A Life With Stone: Gary Rollefson And The Archaeology Of Jordan, Morag Kersel Dec 2013

A Life With Stone: Gary Rollefson And The Archaeology Of Jordan, Morag Kersel

Morag M. Kersel

No abstract provided.


Review Of Us Cultural Diplomacy And Archaeology Soft Power, Hard Heritage, Ignacio Rodríguez Temiño Dec 2013

Review Of Us Cultural Diplomacy And Archaeology Soft Power, Hard Heritage, Ignacio Rodríguez Temiño

Morag M. Kersel

No abstract provided.


The Lure Of The Artefact? The Effects Of Acquiring Eastern Mediterranean Material Culture, Morag Kersel Dec 2013

The Lure Of The Artefact? The Effects Of Acquiring Eastern Mediterranean Material Culture, Morag Kersel

Morag M. Kersel

No abstract provided.


Ground Penetrating Radar Investigations At Marj Rabba, A Chalcolithic Site In Lower Galilee, Israel, Thomas Urban, Yorke Rowan, Morag Kersel Dec 2013

Ground Penetrating Radar Investigations At Marj Rabba, A Chalcolithic Site In Lower Galilee, Israel, Thomas Urban, Yorke Rowan, Morag Kersel

Morag M. Kersel

No abstract provided.


New Perspectives On The Chalcolithic Period In The Galilee: Investigations At The Site Of Marj Rabba, Yorke M. Rowan, Morag M. Kersel Dec 2013

New Perspectives On The Chalcolithic Period In The Galilee: Investigations At The Site Of Marj Rabba, Yorke M. Rowan, Morag M. Kersel

Morag M. Kersel

No abstract provided.