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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Collapse Of Empire At Gordion In The Transition From The Achaemenid To The Hellenistic World, Elspeth R. M. Dusinberre Jun 2019

The Collapse Of Empire At Gordion In The Transition From The Achaemenid To The Hellenistic World, Elspeth R. M. Dusinberre

Classics Faculty Contributions

Gordion, ancient capital of Phrygia, was a large and thriving city of secondary importance during the period of the Achaemenid Persian Empire (ca 550–333 BC). Recent work makes possible a reconsideration of the site: evaluating its architecture, finds and use of landscape within and after the socio-economic and administrative context of the Achaemenid imperial system enables the following new overview. During the Achaemenid period, Gordion’s populace participated in the broad cultural exchanges enabled by the imperial system and may have emphasised animal husbandry. When Alexander’s conquest led to the collapse of the Achaemenid administrative infrastructure, the impact ...


The Negotiating Table: A Study Of Late Terminal Formative Ritual Feasting Middens From The Lower Río Verde Valley Of Oaxaca, Mexico, Liam Mazur Jan 2019

The Negotiating Table: A Study Of Late Terminal Formative Ritual Feasting Middens From The Lower Río Verde Valley Of Oaxaca, Mexico, Liam Mazur

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study explores the negotiation of ideas regarding political authority and identity in the lower Río Verde Valley of Oaxaca, Mexico, during the late Terminal Formative period (100–250 CE), through comparative analysis of vessel sherds recovered from ritual feasting middens. The study sample includes 1,342 sherds from five Chacahua phase (100–250 CE) middens excavated in 2003 and 2012: four from the acropolis at Río Viejo and one from a monumental earthen platform at Yugüe. By considering the nature of ritual feasting practices at both sites through a poststructural lens, this thesis identifies a series of patterns suggesting ...


"In Bits And Pieces Remembered": Revisiting The Archaeology Of Fort Vasquez, A Nineteenth Century Trading Post, Megan Catherine Murphy Jan 2019

"In Bits And Pieces Remembered": Revisiting The Archaeology Of Fort Vasquez, A Nineteenth Century Trading Post, Megan Catherine Murphy

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This study examines the archaeology of Fort Vasquez, a nineteenth century fur trade fort in the South Platte River Basin of Colorado that operated from 1835-1842. I use artifact analysis, historical documentation, historical and archaeological analogue, expert opinion, and the excavation notes of Dr. James Judge from 1970 to address two research questions. 1) What are the global trade connections that can be identified from the Fort Vasquez artifact collection? 2) Is Dr. James Judge’s hypothesis about the function of Fort Vasquez as being primarily a storage facility out of which traders operated remotely, supported by an in-depth analysis ...


Terminal Formative Religion And Political Organization On The Coast Of Oaxaca, Mexico: The Perspective From Cerro De La Virgen, Jeffrey Scott Brzezinski Jan 2019

Terminal Formative Religion And Political Organization On The Coast Of Oaxaca, Mexico: The Perspective From Cerro De La Virgen, Jeffrey Scott Brzezinski

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation examines the political organization of the first complex polity in the lower Río Verde Valley on the Pacific coast of Oaxaca, Mexico during the Terminal Formative Period (150 BCE-250 CE). During this time, political complexity in the region culminated in the emergence of a political seat of power at the site of Río Viejo at ca. 100 CE. However, the incipient polity collapsed little more than a century later. While traditional models of political organization in early complex polities might assume that secondary communities represented an administrative hierarchy through which leaders at Rio Viejo governed the region, current ...


Moieties In The Northern Rio Grande: Ceramic Design Analysis And Social Identity In Southwest Colorado And Northern New Mexico, Samantha Jo Linford Apr 2018

Moieties In The Northern Rio Grande: Ceramic Design Analysis And Social Identity In Southwest Colorado And Northern New Mexico, Samantha Jo Linford

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This research examines the designs on ceramics in the Mesa Verde and Northern Rio Grande regions to investigate the origins of the non-kin-based moieties that characterize contemporary Tewa Pueblo social organization. Previous archaeological work has drawn upon evidence of divided villages in arguing that moiety organization first emerged at the village level, but Tewa tradition suggests non-kin-based moieties were associated with paired villages, not divided single villages. In this research I draw upon Tewa tradition and metaphorical expressions in pottery designs to argue that the non-kin-based moieties that characterize contemporary Tewa communities originated in paired villages as opposed to single ...


The Origin Of The Initial Farming Population Of The Northern Rio Grande, Zachary J. Cooper Apr 2018

The Origin Of The Initial Farming Population Of The Northern Rio Grande, Zachary J. Cooper

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This study looks at the origin of the initial farming population of the Northern Rio Grande through the evaluation of two contrasting hypotheses, the ‘Southern Origin’ hypothesis and the ‘Northern Origin’ hypothesis. I conclude that the Southern Origin hypothesis fails to provide the most compelling narrative for the origin of the initial farming population within the Northern Rio Grande. The existing evidence makes a strong case that Tiwa-Tewa diversification occurred within the San Juan drainage prior to AD 920 and that Tiwa speakers were likely located in the Northern Rio Grande by AD 980. In addition, based on the current ...


Fragments Of Identity: A Study Of Ceramic Figurines From The Terminal Formative Period In The Lower Río Verde Valley, Oaxaca, Mexico, Rachael Wedemeyer Jan 2018

Fragments Of Identity: A Study Of Ceramic Figurines From The Terminal Formative Period In The Lower Río Verde Valley, Oaxaca, Mexico, Rachael Wedemeyer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis is a descriptive study of 143 ceramic figurines from two different sites in the Coastal region of Oaxaca, Mexico, occupied during the Terminal Formative period (150BC-AD250). The site of Río Viejo operated as a large ceremonial center in the Lower Río Verde Valley during the Terminal Formative Period and attracted people from surrounding communities during large-scale rituals (Barber & Joyce 2015; Joyce 2016). The second site, Cerro de la Virgen, was a contemporary hilltop community in the region (Joyce et al. 2013). By studying ceramic figurines from two sites in this period, regional patterns can be discerned.

Studying the aesthetics, uses ...


Landscape Memory And Authority: How Perceptions Of Landscape Played A Part In Pueblo Migrations To The Northern Rio Grande., Patrick Cruz Jan 2018

Landscape Memory And Authority: How Perceptions Of Landscape Played A Part In Pueblo Migrations To The Northern Rio Grande., Patrick Cruz

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This thesis provides a new perspective on the 13th century Pueblo migrations between the Northern San Juan region of Southwest Colorado and the Northern Rio Grande region of New Mexico. My perspective is based on several conceptualizations: of meaning of landscape; how landscapes of memory would have reinforced and reified social-political structures of authority; the role that these systems of authority would have played in affecting Pueblo people living in the Northern San Juan region; and how these systems were likely changed and restructured as a result of the migrations that gave rise to the Tewa Pueblos of today ...


Signs And Symbols: Exploring Changes In Iconography In The Contact Era Rio Grande World, Heather Lynn Seltzer Apr 2017

Signs And Symbols: Exploring Changes In Iconography In The Contact Era Rio Grande World, Heather Lynn Seltzer

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This thesis examines Puebloan iconography on pottery from the Northern and Middle Rio Grande Valleys from the pre-Contact through the Post-Revolt period to assess the impact of the Spanish on the Pueblo people. The Spanish conquistadors and missionaries created upheaval in the Pueblo people world upon their arrival in the Rio Grande area during the 16th century. The social tensions that resulted forced a blending of ideas and culture between the two groups, demonstrated in the ethnographic records of Pueblo communities. The 1680 Pueblo Revolt and cultural revitalization movement by Puebloan groups sought to return indigenous peoples to their ...


"The Ambassador's Herb": Tobacco Pipes As Evidence For Plains-Pueblo Interaction, Interethnic Negotiation, And Ceremonial Exchange In The Northern Rio Grande, Kaitlyn Elizabeth Davis Apr 2017

"The Ambassador's Herb": Tobacco Pipes As Evidence For Plains-Pueblo Interaction, Interethnic Negotiation, And Ceremonial Exchange In The Northern Rio Grande, Kaitlyn Elizabeth Davis

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This study examines use of pipes and smoking materials at trade centers in the Northern Rio Grande region of New Mexico. It explores whether these objects were part of ritually mediated interactions between these two regional groups, asking: were smoking pipes an element in negotiations between Pueblo people and their Plains neighbors? Ethnographic and ethnohistoric literature indicates that pipe-smoking was part of rituals that cemented inter-tribal trade relationships. Therefore, I propose that pipes, which were used in trade negotiations and ceremonial interactions, can be useful for examining social interaction and regional mediation aspects of trade and decision making.

Three categories ...


Cutting Corners: Transition From Corner To Side Notched Arrow Points In The Central Plains Tradition, Erin R. Hughes Apr 2017

Cutting Corners: Transition From Corner To Side Notched Arrow Points In The Central Plains Tradition, Erin R. Hughes

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

One of the cultural markers of the Central Plains Tradition (CPT; A.D. 1050-1400) is the side-notched arrow point. These projectile points replaced the previous corner-notched points as the arrow tip of choice for the CPT people. This pattern of change is well established in the archaeological literature; however, little has been done to explore why this change occurred. In this thesis I argue that the spread of side notched projectile points onto the Great Plains during the CPT was influenced by point styles associated with the Mississippian mound center of Cahokia. This research looks at arrow points from Woodland ...


Style, Identity, And Communities Of Practice: A Study Of Middle Missouri Ceramics From Chief Looking’S Village And The Heart River Region, Jennifer K. Deats Apr 2017

Style, Identity, And Communities Of Practice: A Study Of Middle Missouri Ceramics From Chief Looking’S Village And The Heart River Region, Jennifer K. Deats

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Chief Looking’s Village (32BL3) is found in present-day Bismarck, ND. An ancestral Mandan community occupied this site for a short period in the mid-1500s and built two distinctly different house types, one “local” and one “foreign” design. Temporally located during a time of change in the Heart River region when settlements were growing and congregating, groups from two different regions, traditionally identified as Middle Missouri and Coalescent, were coming together to form integrated settlements. The two housing styles indicate Chief Looking’s Village was on the precipice of this period of change, the transition from rectangular to circular houses ...


Places Of Contestation: A Study Of Public Buildings At Río Viejo On The Pacific Coast Of Oaxaca, Mexico, Cuauhtemoc Vidal-Guzman Apr 2017

Places Of Contestation: A Study Of Public Buildings At Río Viejo On The Pacific Coast Of Oaxaca, Mexico, Cuauhtemoc Vidal-Guzman

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this thesis is to study the building sequence of the north central part of the acropolis of Río Viejo, a site on the Pacific coast of Oaxaca. In particular, I focus on two construction phases of a public building dated to the late Terminal Formative labeled Structure 8-sub 1 and Structure 8. Contextualizing these edifices within the construction program that erected Río Viejo’s acropolis affords the opportunity to assess how they were entangled in the social context of the first regional polity in the area. To this end, I discuss three themes: 1) how the construction ...


The Land Between: An Examination Of Ground And Chipped Stone Artifacts From Garden Canyon Village, Anna Elizabeth Schneider Apr 2016

The Land Between: An Examination Of Ground And Chipped Stone Artifacts From Garden Canyon Village, Anna Elizabeth Schneider

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Garden Canyon Village (AZ EE:11:13 [ASM]) is a large multi-component site located in southeastern Arizona on the Fort Huachuca military installation. The main occupation dates to the late Formative Period (A.D. 1150 – A.D. 1450), but the rich resources of the Huachuca Mountains drew ancient people to the site from Preceramic (Pre- A.D. 1) times through the end of the Prehistoric Period (A.D. 1450). Located 10 miles north of the U.S.-Mexico Border and 65 miles southeast of the Tucson Basin, Garden Canyon Village was located on the frontier of the Hohokam, Mogollon, Casas ...


Resistance, Revolt, And Revolution In Achaemenid Persia: Response, Elspeth Dusinberre Jan 2016

Resistance, Revolt, And Revolution In Achaemenid Persia: Response, Elspeth Dusinberre

Classics Faculty Contributions

How can archaeology help us see low-level local resistance to imperial domination, before it erupts into the kind of revolt or rebellion attested to in historical sources? The mortuary remains of Anatolia during the time of the Achaemenid Persian Empire provide a case study to examine this problem. They demonstrate two simultaneous directions of influence: participation by the elite in aspects of empire and imperial propagation, and local geographically-based resistance to imperial ideology and pressure.


Raiders From The North: Irish Enslavement During The Viking Age, Athena T. Knudson Jan 2016

Raiders From The North: Irish Enslavement During The Viking Age, Athena T. Knudson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the Early and High Middle Ages the Vikings began to travel and raid across Europe and the Atlantic. During these expeditions the Vikings captured many people whom they enslaved or sold into the slave-trade. For the western portion of the Viking Expansion, many of the enslaved were Irish. The enslavement of the Irish by the Norse continued through the end of the Viking Age and occurred not only in the British Isles but also in Iceland. The process of the Viking Expansion and enslavement of the Irish influenced Norse culture and social identity. This thesis will explore the Norse ...


Bioarchaeological Implications Of Calcaneal Spurs In The Medieval Nubian Population Of Kulubnarti, Lindsay Marker Jan 2016

Bioarchaeological Implications Of Calcaneal Spurs In The Medieval Nubian Population Of Kulubnarti, Lindsay Marker

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study investigates the relationship in frequency and demographics of calcaneal enthesophytes between the medieval Nubian population of Kulubnarti and modern-day Western societies in order to elucidate any influence that environment and activity may exert on the formation of heel spurs. This investigation also examines the possible difference in activity patterns between the cemeteries and sexes of individuals at Kulubnarti using bioarchaeological analyses of calcaneal pathology. Numerous hypotheses have been put forth by scholars as to the origin of heel spurs, yet a specific cause remains unclear. The leading theories cite microtrauma and degenerative disease as developmental culprits for plantar ...


The Mimbres Transitional Phase: Examining Social, Demographic, And Environmental Resilience And Vulnerability From Ad 900-1000 In Southwest New Mexico, Jakob W. Sedig Apr 2015

The Mimbres Transitional Phase: Examining Social, Demographic, And Environmental Resilience And Vulnerability From Ad 900-1000 In Southwest New Mexico, Jakob W. Sedig

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation uses new data from Woodrow Ruin to examine the Late Pithouse (AD 550-1000) to Classic period (AD 1000-1130) transition in the Mimbres region of southwest New Mexico. Prior explorations of the Mimbres Late Pithouse to Classic transition have lacked data from one of the largest sites in the region. Woodrow Ruin is a large, multi-component site that had previously received little professional investigation. Fieldwork at Woodrow Ruin for this dissertation demonstrated that it had a long, continuous occupation with a dense population during the Transitional period. Numerous techniques were used to procure data on the occupational history of ...


The Conquest Of The Place Of Flame: Indigenous Daily Life At Late Pre-Hispanic And Early Colonial Achiutla, Oaxaca, Mexico, Jamie Emile Forde Apr 2015

The Conquest Of The Place Of Flame: Indigenous Daily Life At Late Pre-Hispanic And Early Colonial Achiutla, Oaxaca, Mexico, Jamie Emile Forde

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation combines archaeological, ethnohistorical, and iconographic data to examine how indigenous peoples of Mexico negotiated Spanish colonial rule during the early decades of contact with Europeans, by means of a focused case study. Specifically, this research is based at the site of Achiutla, located in Mixtec region of the state of Oaxaca, where I carried out archaeological excavations of indigenous households dating to the Late Postclassic (AD 1100-1523) Early Colonial (AD 1523-1650) periods. Pre-Hispanic codices and colonial chronicles indicate Achiutla was an important native religious center at the time of the Conquest, and legal records document numerous instances of ...


Social Reorganization In The Mimbres Region Of Southwestern New Mexico: The Classic To Postclassic Mimbres Transition (A.D. 1150 To 1450), Kathryn Jane Putsavage Apr 2015

Social Reorganization In The Mimbres Region Of Southwestern New Mexico: The Classic To Postclassic Mimbres Transition (A.D. 1150 To 1450), Kathryn Jane Putsavage

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

In the Mimbres region of southwestern New Mexico, there are two notable periods of transition (around 1150 A.D. and again around 1300 A.D.) during the Postclassic Period. These periods are marked by dramatic changes in material culture, settlement reorganization, and population decline. The first represents the transition from the Classic Mimbres period (1000 to 1150 A.D.) to the Black Mountain phase (1150 to 1300 A.D.). The second represents the transition from the Black Mountain to the Cliff phase (1300 to 1450 A.D.). The scale (size of the population reorganizations), chronology (timing of the reorganizations), and ...


Can Underwater Cultural Heritage Stay Afloat?, Emily Haver Jan 2015

Can Underwater Cultural Heritage Stay Afloat?, Emily Haver

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract: Underwater treasure hunting is a rampant and concerning problem for marine archaeology and the future of underwater cultural heritage. Professional and small-time operations survey the ocean floors for valuable historical artifacts which they proceed to collect with little to no understanding of archaeological methods or caution for preservation of context. The artifacts they take often end up in a private collection, sold or given to investors, and dispersed throughout the world. In this way information is lost, history is not preserved and our common cultural heritage is destroyed. The archaeological community highly condemns association with underwater treasure hunters and ...


How Do I Get To Vilcashuaman? Least Cost Path Analyses Of The Chinchaysuyu Road From Cuzco To Vilcashuaman, Shelby Magee Jan 2015

How Do I Get To Vilcashuaman? Least Cost Path Analyses Of The Chinchaysuyu Road From Cuzco To Vilcashuaman, Shelby Magee

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and remote sensing, archaeology, and ethnohistory are used to study the Cuzco to Vilcashuaman portion of the Chinchaysuyu Inka Road. The purpose of this analysis is to determine whether the Chinchaysuyu road from Cuzco to Vilcashuaman was built following the economic principles of Least Cost Path Analysis (LCA) or if it was built to accommodate locations of cultural significance. Drawing on the criteria presented by Rademaker et al. 2012; White (2012); and Howey (2007), I created several LCAs in order to find the most predictive Least Cost Path (LCP). Research has led me to believe that ...


A Renewal Of Systems Theory: Using Modern Dynamical Systems As A Qualitative Method For Understanding Relational Power In Late Bronze Age Greece, Timothy W. Barham Jan 2015

A Renewal Of Systems Theory: Using Modern Dynamical Systems As A Qualitative Method For Understanding Relational Power In Late Bronze Age Greece, Timothy W. Barham

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Methods of cultivating relational power greatly shifted between the Late Middle Helladic and the Late Helladic periods. These changes in society manifested in the rise of palaces and the disappearance of smaller societal leaders called Local Elites. Despite these major changes, however, the mechanism of feasting remains consistently used as a method of gaining authority in communities. System Theory has been proposed as a tool of thinking how systems change over time; however, an issue with using this model is that it accounts for change from a macro level, looking at overarching parameters that permeate through periods of change. Further ...


What Does Their Storage Say About Them? An Interpretation Of Domestic Storage Practices At The Classic Period Maya Village Of Ceren, Alexandria Marie Halmbacher Apr 2014

What Does Their Storage Say About Them? An Interpretation Of Domestic Storage Practices At The Classic Period Maya Village Of Ceren, Alexandria Marie Halmbacher

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Around A.D. 650 the Loma Caldera eruption entombed the Classic Period Maya village of Cerén in 4-6 meters of volcanic ash. This resulted in the exceptional preservation of structures, artifacts and botanical remains, providing archaeologists with a unique opportunity to study the household complexes and their related activities. However, much of the previous research concerning the households at Cerén has primarily focused on its economic activities. As a result, archaeologists have yet to address the socio-cultural aspects such as status, wealth, authority and moral order of the household and its members. Part of the reason for this emphasis on ...


Hilltop Sites Of Eastern Guerrero: The Case Study Of Chiepetlan-Quimimiteopan, Alicia Danielle Hernandez Apr 2014

Hilltop Sites Of Eastern Guerrero: The Case Study Of Chiepetlan-Quimimiteopan, Alicia Danielle Hernandez

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This project conducts a preliminary investigation into the hilltop settlements of eastern Guerrero, Mexico. It provides a detailed discussion of excavations conducted at the site of Chiepetlan-Quimimiteopan with the goal of providing a basis of comparison for future archaeological work at hilltop sites in eastern Guerrero. Excavation results and specific artifact categories were examined in an effort to assess the function of the site and its placement in relation to other sites within eastern Guerrero and ultimately broader Mesoamerica. It was determined that the inhabitants of this hilltop site were not operating in isolation, but were interacting with other sites ...


Transforming The Hydraulic Landscape Of The Basin Of Mexico In The Postclassic And Colonial Periods: The Case Of Chapultepec, Emily Elizabeth Wigington Apr 2014

Transforming The Hydraulic Landscape Of The Basin Of Mexico In The Postclassic And Colonial Periods: The Case Of Chapultepec, Emily Elizabeth Wigington

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

By the end of the Postclassic Period, the Aztecs had developed a thriving hydraulic system in the Basin of Mexico. Composed of aqueducts, dikes, causeways, wetland farming, and canals, the hydraulic system supported the urban population of Tenochtitlan and large-scale agricultural production. Critical to the ecological success of the Aztecs, the hydraulic system was also deeply embedded in social elements of society, including history, politics, and religion. This analysis focuses on the multiple functions of a single site on the hydraulic landscape. The site of Chapultepec, a small outcropping southwest of the city of Tenochtitlan, represented the balance of social ...


Berenike, Posthumous, Gena Goodman Jan 2014

Berenike, Posthumous, Gena Goodman

English Graduate Theses & Dissertations

A collection of connected short stories, Berenike, Posthumous tells fictionalized accounts of an actual, active archaeological site in Egypt. Through interlocking modern and ancient retellings of history and myth, the dangers and pitfalls of recording history are explored via the travails of the archaeologists and those non-archaeologists attached to this Red Sea locale.


Farming And Power: Classic Period Maya Manioc And Maize Cultivation At Ceren, El Salvador, Christine Catherine Dixon Apr 2013

Farming And Power: Classic Period Maya Manioc And Maize Cultivation At Ceren, El Salvador, Christine Catherine Dixon

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Despite the centrality of agriculture to the functioning of Classic Period (c. A.D. 250-850) Maya society, little is known of how farming decisions were made, the extent of political oversight of agricultural production, and the level of individual autonomy for farmers within their communities. This dissertation focuses on the intersection of farming and power to assess the organization of manioc and maize cultivation at Cerén, El Salvador. The burial of the site beneath multiple meters of Loma Caldera tephra (c. A.D. 630) resulted in the extraordinary preservation of Cerén’s structures, features, artifacts, and agricultural fields, which affords ...


Animacy, Symbolism, And Feathers From Mantle's Cave, Colorado, Caitlin Ariel Sommer Apr 2013

Animacy, Symbolism, And Feathers From Mantle's Cave, Colorado, Caitlin Ariel Sommer

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Rediscovered in the 1930s by the Mantle family, Mantle’s Cave contained excellently preserved feather bundles, a feather headdress, moccasins, a deer-scalp headdress, baskets, stone tools, and other perishable goods. From the start of excavations, Mantle’s Cave appeared to display influences from both Fremont and Ancestral Puebloan peoples, leading Burgh and Scoggin to determine that the cave was used by Fremont people displaying traits heavily influenced by Basketmaker peoples. Researchers have analyzed the baskets, cordage, and feather headdress in the hopes of obtaining both radiocarbon dates and clues as to which culture group used Mantle’s Cave. This thesis ...


Gold And Tribute In Aztec Tlapa: An Ethnohistoric And Experimental Analysis, Esteban José Fernández Apr 2013

Gold And Tribute In Aztec Tlapa: An Ethnohistoric And Experimental Analysis, Esteban José Fernández

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Though highly advanced and of remarkable sociopolitical importance, Mesoamerican metallurgy has been an understudied field. Recently the study of Archaeometallurgy has begun to establish itself within the region, and archaeologists are increasingly using metal artifacts to address a wide variety of inquiries. While this new emphasis on Mesoamerican metallurgy is seen as a welcomed shift, rarely any studies have focused on the production of gold artifacts. The study of goldwork in this region is laden obstacles, which include the lack of well-defined mining sites, as well as the limited amount of artifacts from provenienced contexts. In the face of these ...