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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Δ13c And Δ18o Isotopic Analysis Of A Platygonus Compressus Tusk, Kurt M. Wilson Apr 2016

Δ13c And Δ18o Isotopic Analysis Of A Platygonus Compressus Tusk, Kurt M. Wilson

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Stable-isotope analysis of Platygonus compressus remains from Peccary Cave, AR documents previously unknown dietary and seasonal information on flat-headed peccary. P. compressus diet knowledge currently derives from dental wear analyses with no isotopic data. New δ13C data obtained from 14C dated specimens reveals a C3 focused diet, despite dental adaptations allowing for omnivorous and mixed plant-life feeding. Combined with other indicators, δ13C enables improved recreation of peccary habitat adaptations in the late Pleistocene. Serial sampling of a P. compressus tusk for δ13C and δ18O further evidences a C3 diet and documents seasonal shifts in δ18O. Abrupt δ18O shifts between samples ...


Archaeological Field School At The Hennings Site, Matthew G. Hill Jan 2014

Archaeological Field School At The Hennings Site, Matthew G. Hill

Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports

Iowa State University’s 2013 archaeological field school was held from May 13 to June 7 at the Hennings site, a 4,400 year-old prehistoric occupation in Monona County, Iowa, just west of Ute. The Western Research and Demonstration Farm (a.k.a. Wayne’s World) served as a field camp and staging area for the project. This is a summary of the effort and the results of preliminary analyses.


The Excavation Of Archaic Houses At Azoria In 2005-2006, Donald C. Haggis, Margaret S. Mook, Rodney D. Fitzsimons, C. Margaret Scarry, Lynn M. Snyder Jan 2011

The Excavation Of Archaic Houses At Azoria In 2005-2006, Donald C. Haggis, Margaret S. Mook, Rodney D. Fitzsimons, C. Margaret Scarry, Lynn M. Snyder

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This article reports on the excavation of Archaic houses (6th–early 5th century b.c.) in 2005 and 2006 at Azoria in eastern Crete. Five houses are discussed: four on the South Acropolis on the periphery of the civic center, and one on the North Acropolis. Well-preserved floor deposits provide evidence for room functions and permit a preliminary analysis of domestic space. The houses fill a lacuna in the published record of the 6th and early 5th centuries b.c. and contribute to our understanding of the form of Archaic houses in the Aegean and the integration of domestic space ...


Excavations In The Archaic Civic Buildings At Azoria In 2005-2006, Donald C. Haggis, Margaret S. Mook, Rodney D. Fitzsimons, C. Margaret Scarry, Lynn M. Snyder, William C. West Iii Jan 2011

Excavations In The Archaic Civic Buildings At Azoria In 2005-2006, Donald C. Haggis, Margaret S. Mook, Rodney D. Fitzsimons, C. Margaret Scarry, Lynn M. Snyder, William C. West Iii

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Continuing excavation on the South Acropolis at Azoria in northeastern Crete has exposed buildings of Archaic date (7th–early 5th century b.c.) that served communal or public functions. Work conducted in 2005 and 2006 completed the exploration of Late Archaic levels within the Communal Dining Building (putative andreion complex), the Monumental Civic Building, and the adjacent Service Building. These contexts and their assemblages, especially the animal and plant remains, permit the characterization of diverse dining practices and the interpretation of patterns of food production and consumption. Both the Communal Dining Building and the Monumental Civic Building show extensive evidence ...


Late Prehistoric (Oneota) Exploitation Of Bison, Elk, And Deer At The Howard Goodhue Site, Central Iowa, Jeremy Nathan Hall Jan 2007

Late Prehistoric (Oneota) Exploitation Of Bison, Elk, And Deer At The Howard Goodhue Site, Central Iowa, Jeremy Nathan Hall

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Oneota exploitation of bison, elk, and deer is not well documented. Analysis of the remains of these animals from the Howard Goodhue site helps to address specific questions concerning the procurement, transport and post-transport processing of carcass remains. Results are interpreted through predictions of optimal foraging models such as Central Place Foraging and the Marginal Value Theorem. Inferences are bolstered by the environmental context of the late Holocene and with middle range observations of historic and modern hunter-gatherer behaviors. Documentation of the remains demonstrates a complex taphonomic history with extensive dual-patterning responsible for the high level of fragmentation observed. Twenty-three ...


Excavations At Azoria, 2003-2004, Part I: The Archaic Civic Complex, Donald C. Haggis, Margaret S. Mook, Rodney D. Fitzsimons, C. Margaret Scarry, Lynn M. Snyder, Manolis I. Stefanakis, William C. West Iii Jan 2007

Excavations At Azoria, 2003-2004, Part I: The Archaic Civic Complex, Donald C. Haggis, Margaret S. Mook, Rodney D. Fitzsimons, C. Margaret Scarry, Lynn M. Snyder, Manolis I. Stefanakis, William C. West Iii

World Languages and Cultures Publications

his article constitutes the first of two reports on fieldwork conducted at Azoria in eastern Crete during the 2003 and 2004 excavation seasons. The focus of excavation was on the South Acropolis, where buildings of Archaic date (7th-early 5th century b.c.) suggesting public or civic functions have come to light. The complex includes a possible andreion on the west slope, a cult building on the terrace south of the peak, and storerooms and kitchens associated with a monumental public building on the southwest terrace. A 3rd-century b.c. dump on the southeast slope provides important information about the limited ...


Excavations At Azoria, 2003-2004, Part 2: The Final Neolithic, Late Prepalatial, And Early Iron Age Occupation, Donald C. Haggis, Margaret S. Mook, Tristan Carter, Lynn M. Snyder Jan 2007

Excavations At Azoria, 2003-2004, Part 2: The Final Neolithic, Late Prepalatial, And Early Iron Age Occupation, Donald C. Haggis, Margaret S. Mook, Tristan Carter, Lynn M. Snyder

World Languages and Cultures Publications

his article constitutes the second of two reports on fieldwork conducted at Azoria in eastern Crete during the 2003 and 2004 excavation seasons. Evi dence of Final Neolithic and Early Iron Age occupation and traces of Late Prepalatial activity were found underlying the Archaic civic buildings on the South Acropolis, particularly along the southwest terrace. The recovery of substantial Final Neolithic architectural and habitation remains contributes to our understanding of the 4th millennium in eastern Crete. Stratigraphie excavations have also clarified the spatial extent of the settlement from Late Minoan IIIC to the Late Geometric period, and brought to light ...


Oneota Ground Stone Technology In The Central Des Moines River Valley Of Iowa, Laura Mccullough Jan 2007

Oneota Ground Stone Technology In The Central Des Moines River Valley Of Iowa, Laura Mccullough

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The intent of this study is to analyze the ground stone artifacts (manos and grinding slabs) from 14 late prehistoric sites in the Central Des Moines River Valley of Iowa. This was done to address the relative reliance on maize agriculture during the Moingona Oneota Phase. In total, ground stone artifacts from 11 Moingona Phase Oneota sites were analyzed, as well as ground stone tools from two Middle Woodland sites and one Late Woodland site, for comparative purposes. Based on design theory models and recent research on the correlation between the size and design of ground stone tools and the ...


Excavations At Azoria, 2002, Donald C. Haggis, Margaret S. Mook, C. Margaret Scarry, Lynn M. Snyder, William C. West Iii Jan 2004

Excavations At Azoria, 2002, Donald C. Haggis, Margaret S. Mook, C. Margaret Scarry, Lynn M. Snyder, William C. West Iii

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This report summarizes the results of the first season of excavation at Azoria in eastern Crete and provides an overview of the project's goals and problem orientation. Work in 2002 concentrated on the peak of the South Acropolis and the occupational phases of the seventh-sixth centuries B.C. The recovery of a possible andreion complex suggests the urban character of the site in the sixth century and forms a starting point for discussing the political economy of the Archaic city. The excavations revealed important evidence for the organization of the sixth-century settlement and for the complex stratigraphic history of ...


Oneota Settlement Patterns In Northwest Iowa: Site Catchment Analysis And Predictive Modeling Using Geographic Information Systems, Charles Kim Benton Jan 2001

Oneota Settlement Patterns In Northwest Iowa: Site Catchment Analysis And Predictive Modeling Using Geographic Information Systems, Charles Kim Benton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Geographic information systems (GIS) software was utilized in the analysis of the settlement patterns of Oneota sites in northwest Iowa along the Little Sioux River and Big Sioux River. Site catchment analysis was performed for each site utilizing a cost distance algorithm to calculate a two hour catchment to assess whether or not sufficient resources would have been found in the catchment area. Resources thought to be of particular importance to Oneota groups include permanent water sources, arable land for cultivation, and sufficient quantities of wild plants and large game animals. These resources and other variables such as elevation, slope ...


Reassessing Subminoan: Context And Meaning, Margaret S. Mook Apr 2000

Reassessing Subminoan: Context And Meaning, Margaret S. Mook

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Subminoan is a term used variously and often inconsistently to refer to a chronological period and a style of pottery. Scholars have typically blurred the distinction between style and chronology from the end of the Bronze Age and throughout the Early Iron Age. The situation on Crete at the transition from Bronze Age to Early Iron Age is particularly difficult to explicate because, with the exception of the Kastro, the few excavated settlements, including Knossos and Phaistos, lack complete or stratigraphically continuous habitation records. Much of the relevant pottery has come from graves, notoriously unreliable sources for chronological information. The ...


Stamped Amphora Handles From Tel Beersheba, William D. E. Coulson, Margaret S. Mook, James W. Rehard, Virginia R. Grace May 1997

Stamped Amphora Handles From Tel Beersheba, William D. E. Coulson, Margaret S. Mook, James W. Rehard, Virginia R. Grace

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This article publishes the 39 stamped amphora handles found during excavations conducted at Tel Beersheba between 1969 and 1976. All were found in poorly stratified contexts and so have no real stratigraphic value. They do, however, attest to the importance of Beersheba in the Rhodian economic sphere of the late Hellenistic period and add to our knowledge of Rhodesian fabricants and eponyms of the second century B.C.


Excavations On The Kastro At Kavousi. An Architectural Overview, William D. E. Coulson, Donald C. Haggis, Margaret S. Mook, Jennifer L. Tobin Jan 1997

Excavations On The Kastro At Kavousi. An Architectural Overview, William D. E. Coulson, Donald C. Haggis, Margaret S. Mook, Jennifer L. Tobin

World Languages and Cultures Publications

Excavations on the Kastro at Kavousi (P1. 77:a) were conducted over a five-year span between 1987 and 1990 and again in 1992.1 Seasons of study and site conservation took place in 1991 and between 1993 and 1995. Preliminary reports have been published through 1990,2 but these give only a fragmentary picture of the development of the settlement because they do not take into account the excavations of 1992 or the work accomplished during the study seasons. It is now possible to present a fuller picture of the settlement; accordingly, this article provides an overview of the work ...


Phasing The Kastro: Abandonment And The Archaeological Record, Margaret S. Mook Apr 1996

Phasing The Kastro: Abandonment And The Archaeological Record, Margaret S. Mook

World Languages and Cultures Publications

While the processes of settlement abandonment have been a topic of long-standing interest to anthropologists and archaeologists working in the American Southwest, their implications are seldom acknowledged by Aegeanists. On the Kastro in East Crete, a settlement inhabited from Late Minoan IIIC into the Archaic period, variations in artifact type, size, and distribution across the site have not been adequately explained, but may now be reassessed with respect to abandonment processes. Recognition of these processes affects the interpretation of remains associated with both abandonment and deposition resulting from nonabandonment behavior, and also provides criteria for phasing.


Session Iv D: Workshop: Interpreting The Excavation Context: The Aims, Methods, And Problems In Reconstructing Early Iron Age Settlement At Kavousi, Crete, Margaret S. Mook Apr 1996

Session Iv D: Workshop: Interpreting The Excavation Context: The Aims, Methods, And Problems In Reconstructing Early Iron Age Settlement At Kavousi, Crete, Margaret S. Mook

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

Methodological questions concerning the interpretation of archaeological context and the way in which archaeologists approach synthesis and publication are matters of current theoretical interest. Over the past two decades, however, methodological and theoretical issues have focused on survey, while interpretive frameworks for excavation have been little discussed in the realm of classical and Aegean prehistoric archaeology. This workshop is intended to encourage discussion on the interpretation of context in excavation by looking at the sites of Vronda and Kastro at Kavousi, excavated from 1987 through 1990. These sites have yielded extensive remains from the Early Iron Age and provide an ...


The Development Of A Domestic Architectural Unit Throughout The Early Iron Age: The Northwest Building On The Kastro, East Crete, Margaret S. Mook Apr 1995

The Development Of A Domestic Architectural Unit Throughout The Early Iron Age: The Northwest Building On The Kastro, East Crete, Margaret S. Mook

World Languages and Cultures Publications

The Northwest Building is unique among the excavated remains on the Kastro at Kavousi, and perhaps in the archaeological record for the Early Iron Age in all of Greece. Here, the development of an insular architectural unit can be traced continuously throughout the duration of the Early Iron Age, that is, from the beginning of Late Minoan IIIC into the Archaic period.


Aspects Of Vernacular Architecture In Postpalatial And Early Iron Age Crete, Margaret S. Mook, Donald C. Haggis Apr 1994

Aspects Of Vernacular Architecture In Postpalatial And Early Iron Age Crete, Margaret S. Mook, Donald C. Haggis

Margaret S. Mook

Vernacular architecture in Postpalatial Crete exhibits a distinct diversion from the domestic architectural traditions of the Neopalatial period. In Neopalatial Crete, house designs are frequently dependent on Minoan palatial models and all house styles have a complexity that is seldom seen in the ensuing periods. Changes in vernacular architectural plans have emerged by the beginning of Late Minoan III, and include single-room dwellings and axially planned twoor three-room houses; they are found island-wide and continue and develop through the Early Iron Age. Standard features of these architectural types are defined and documented from LM III through the Late Geometric period ...


The Kavousi Coarse Wares: A Bronze Age Chronology For Survey In The Mirabello Area, East Crete, Donald C. Haggis, Margaret S. Mook Apr 1993

The Kavousi Coarse Wares: A Bronze Age Chronology For Survey In The Mirabello Area, East Crete, Donald C. Haggis, Margaret S. Mook

Margaret S. Mook

This paper presents the results of the Kavousi-Thriphti Survey coarse-ware study. It is argued that coarse utilitarian pottery can be used for dating sites in archaeological survey, and further, that coarse pottery on the surface of any site with a domestic or storage function may represent a wider, and thus more accurate, chronological range than the associated fine wares. Detailed descriptions of 18 coarse fabric types identified in the survey region are presented. Thirteen of these fabrics were determined to be chronologically diagnostic. These fabric types, with their proposed chronological ranges and proveniences, provide sufficient data to begin analyzing the ...


New Excavations Of A Middle Minoan Cemetery In East Crete, Donald C. Haggis, Margaret S. Mook, Jennifer L. Tobin, B.J. Hayden Apr 1993

New Excavations Of A Middle Minoan Cemetery In East Crete, Donald C. Haggis, Margaret S. Mook, Jennifer L. Tobin, B.J. Hayden

Margaret S. Mook

The Kalo Khorio Archaeological Rescue Project (KARP) is the excavation of a Middle Minoan (I-II) cemetery in the region of Kalo Khorio-Istron, at the southern edge of the Bay of Mirabella in eastern Crete. Excavation was conducted in September 1991 by members of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, and under the auspices and general directorship of Metaxia Tsipopoulou and Costis Davaras of the Greek Archaeological Service of eastern Crete.


The Late Minoan Iiic Pottery From The Kastro At Kavousi, East Crete, Margaret S. Mook, William D.E. Coulson Apr 1993

The Late Minoan Iiic Pottery From The Kastro At Kavousi, East Crete, Margaret S. Mook, William D.E. Coulson

Margaret S. Mook

The last phase of the Bronze Age on Crete, Late Minoan IIIC, is poorly understood both culturally and chronologically. Although much has been said about the shapes and decoration of LM IIIC pottery, the analyses are primarily stylistic and lack a precise stratigraphical basis. The stylistic development within the pottery sequence is ill defined because the remains from type sites (such as Kastri, Karphi, and Phaistos) are incompletely published, extremely meager, or stratigraphically discontinuous. On the Kastro at Kavousi, however, three distinct chronological phases of LM IIIC occupation, representing the entirety of the period, in addition to a transitional LM ...


The Development Of A Prehistoric Coarse Ware Pottery Typology For Survey At Kavousi, East Crete, Margaret S. Mook, Donal C. Haggis Apr 1992

The Development Of A Prehistoric Coarse Ware Pottery Typology For Survey At Kavousi, East Crete, Margaret S. Mook, Donal C. Haggis

Margaret S. Mook

Archaeological survey and excavation in the KavousiThriphti area of East Crete has provided the evidence for establishing a coarse ware fabric typology for this region. Coarse wares constitute 70-90% of the typical Aegean pottery assemblage and a chronological typology for this pottery is useful for dating surface remains, as well as deposits from excavated contexts. Diachronic changes in coarse ware fabric types have now been documented from the Early Minoan through Late Geometric/Archaic periods at Kavousi.


Analysis Of The Archaic Lithic Artifacts From The Buchanan Site, 13sr153, Ames, Iowa, Sheila Willoughby Hainlin Jan 1992

Analysis Of The Archaic Lithic Artifacts From The Buchanan Site, 13sr153, Ames, Iowa, Sheila Willoughby Hainlin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Kavousi-Thriphti Survey, 1988-1989, Margaret S. Mook, Donald Haggis Apr 1990

The Kavousi-Thriphti Survey, 1988-1989, Margaret S. Mook, Donald Haggis

Margaret S. Mook

Excavation was continued in four Late Minoan buildings on the north side of the Roussolakkos town site (Buildings 1 and 3-5). Building 1 was severely eroded but was fully revealed in outline, and good evidence was recovered for its history: founded in late LM lA, it replaced an MM IIB/LM lA structure in which metallurgical work in copper had taken place. Domestic activity (grinding grain and cooking) and some religious functions are among those suggested for the successive periods of later occupation (LM IB, LM II, and LM Ill). Building 3, adjacent to this, was much better preserved, up ...


Locations Of Sauk, Mesquakie, And Associated Euro-American Sites 1832 To 1845: An Ethnohistoric Approach , Kathryn Elizabeth Gourley Jan 1990

Locations Of Sauk, Mesquakie, And Associated Euro-American Sites 1832 To 1845: An Ethnohistoric Approach , Kathryn Elizabeth Gourley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

By the treaty negotiated at the close of the Black Hawk War in 1832, the Sauk (Sac) and Mesquakie (Fox) ceded their lands bordering the Mississippi River. Thirteen years and several treaties later,the tribes had ceded all their remaining lands in Iowa Territory to the United States government and they were relocated to a reservation in present-day Kansas. Abundant documentary evidence of these land transfers has survived. These documents have been the basis of many detailed studies by historians and ethnohistorians (Berthrong 1956: Gallaher 1916a, b: M. Green 1965, 1976: Hagan 1958: Kurtz 1986: Trennert 1981: Van der Zee ...


The Cribb's Crib Site (13wa105): The Archaeology And Ecology Of An Oneota Village In The Central Des Moines River Valley , Steven Leroy Devore Jan 1984

The Cribb's Crib Site (13wa105): The Archaeology And Ecology Of An Oneota Village In The Central Des Moines River Valley , Steven Leroy Devore

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

It is the intent of this study to describe in a systematic manner 1) the investigation and analysis of materials from the Cribb's Crib site, 2) the ecological setting of the site, and 3) the site's relationship to the Moingona Phase (Gradwohl 1967:211-212) and more generally to the occurrence of Oneota manifestions in the Prairie-Plains region. The primary focus of the present study concentrates on the description and the interpretation of the prehistoric Oneota manifestation at the Cribb's Crib site. Secondary foci include the relationship of the site to the regional Oneota manifestations in the Prairie-Plains ...


The Stoneware Industry At Moingona, Iowa: An Archaeological And Historical Study Of Moingona Pottery Works (13bn120) And Flint Stone Pottery (13bn132), Allen Leo Schroeder Jan 1979

The Stoneware Industry At Moingona, Iowa: An Archaeological And Historical Study Of Moingona Pottery Works (13bn120) And Flint Stone Pottery (13bn132), Allen Leo Schroeder

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Clarkson Site (13wa2): An Oneota Manifestation In The Central Des Moines River Valley, Nancy Mae Osborn Jan 1976

The Clarkson Site (13wa2): An Oneota Manifestation In The Central Des Moines River Valley, Nancy Mae Osborn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Nineteenth Century Ceramic Industry At Coal Valley: Archaeology Of 13bn111 (Noah Creek Kiln), Barbara Schulte Jan 1974

The Nineteenth Century Ceramic Industry At Coal Valley: Archaeology Of 13bn111 (Noah Creek Kiln), Barbara Schulte

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.