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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Neoliberalism And The Law Reassessing Historical Materialist Analysis Of The Law For The 21st Century, Justin Schwartz Mar 3013

Neoliberalism And The Law Reassessing Historical Materialist Analysis Of The Law For The 21st Century, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Historical materialism has been called in question by the triumph of neoliberalism and the fall of Communism. I show, by consideration of two examples, the 2008 crisis and recent Supreme Court campaign spending First Amendment jurisprudence, that neoliberalism instead vindicates the explanatory power of (non-mechanical and non-deterministic) historical materialism in accounting for a wide range of recent legal developments in legislation, executive (in)action, and judicial decision-making.


La Innovación Es Requisito Para Mejorar El Nivel De Vida, Guillermo Arosemena Jun 3009

La Innovación Es Requisito Para Mejorar El Nivel De Vida, Guillermo Arosemena

Guillermo Arosemena

No abstract provided.


Alianzas Estratégicas, Guillermo Arosemena Sep 2015

Alianzas Estratégicas, Guillermo Arosemena

Guillermo Arosemena

No abstract provided.


Multi-Period Liner Ship Fleet Planning With Dependent Uncertain Container Shipment Demand, Qiang Meng, Tingsong Wang, Shuaian Wang Jun 2015

Multi-Period Liner Ship Fleet Planning With Dependent Uncertain Container Shipment Demand, Qiang Meng, Tingsong Wang, Shuaian Wang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers

This paper deals with a realistic multi-period liner ship fleet planning problem by incorporating stochastic dependency of the random and period-dependent container shipment demand. This problem is formulated as a multi-period stochastic programming model with a sequence of interrelated two-stage stochastic programming (2SSP) problems characterized ship fleet planning in each single period. A solution method integrating dual decomposition and Lagrangian relaxation method is designed for solving the developed model. Numerical experiments are carried out to assess applicability and performance of the proposed model and solution algorithm. The results further demonstrate importance of stochastic dependence of the uncertain container shipment demand.


The Past, Present, And Future Of Demand Driven Acquisitions, Edward A. Goedeken, Karen G. Lawson Mar 2015

The Past, Present, And Future Of Demand Driven Acquisitions, Edward A. Goedeken, Karen G. Lawson

Karen Lawson

The challenge of creating an effective and appropriate library collection has been further tested by the recent advent of what Clayton Christensen has termed “disruptive technology.” In his well-known study, The Innovator’s Dilemma, Christensen explores the impact of technological change on the business and other communities. For Christensen, technology can either be sustaining or disruptive. Sustaining technologies improve the performance of products and continue to make them valuable to the consumer. Disruptive technologies, on the other hand, initially underperform in the marketplace, but have a tendency to improve their quality at a rapid rate and eventually replace the established ...


Public Management In Political Institutions: Explaining Perceptions Of White House Chief Of Staff Influence, José D. Villalobos, Justin S. Vaughn, David B. Cohen Feb 2015

Public Management In Political Institutions: Explaining Perceptions Of White House Chief Of Staff Influence, José D. Villalobos, Justin S. Vaughn, David B. Cohen

José D. Villalobos

The notion that public managers influence organizational performance is common in public administration research. However, less is known about why some managers are better at influencing organizational performance than others. Furthermore, relatively few studies have systematically examined managerial influence and scholars have yet to investigate either quantitatively or systematically managerial influence in the White House. Utilizing original survey data collected from former White House officials who served in the Reagan, George H.W. Bush, and Clinton administrations, this study applies empirical public management theory to examine for the first time the key determinants that shape perceptions of chief of staff ...


Special Issue: "Communicating Hydrofracking" Environmental Communication, Richard Buttny, Andrea H. Feldpausch-Parker Jan 2015

Special Issue: "Communicating Hydrofracking" Environmental Communication, Richard Buttny, Andrea H. Feldpausch-Parker

Richard Buttny

No abstract provided.


Review: The Mainstreaming Of The Extreme Right In France And Australia: A Populist Hegemony?, By Aurélien Mondon, Dylan Kissane Jan 2015

Review: The Mainstreaming Of The Extreme Right In France And Australia: A Populist Hegemony?, By Aurélien Mondon, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

No abstract provided.


No Bridge Over Troubled Waters: The Cypriot Left Heading The Government 2008-2013 (With Gregoris Ioannou), Giorgos Charalambous Dr Jan 2015

No Bridge Over Troubled Waters: The Cypriot Left Heading The Government 2008-2013 (With Gregoris Ioannou), Giorgos Charalambous Dr

Giorgos Charalambous

No abstract provided.


The Past, Present, And Future Of Demand Driven Acquisitions In Academic Libraries, Edward A. Goedeken, Karen G. Lawson Jan 2015

The Past, Present, And Future Of Demand Driven Acquisitions In Academic Libraries, Edward A. Goedeken, Karen G. Lawson

Collections and Technical Services Publications and Papers

The challenge of creating an effective and appropriate library collection has been further tested by the recent advent of what Clayton Christensen has termed “disruptive technology.” In his well-known study, The Innovator’s Dilemma, Christensen explores the impact of technological change on the business and other communities. For Christensen, technology can either be sustaining or disruptive. Sustaining technologies improve the performance of products and continue to make them valuable to the consumer. Disruptive technologies, on the other hand, initially underperform in the marketplace, but have a tendency to improve their quality at a rapid rate and eventually replace the established ...


New Perspectives On European Women’S Legal History, Sara L. Kimble, Marion Rowekamp Jan 2015

New Perspectives On European Women’S Legal History, Sara L. Kimble, Marion Rowekamp

Sara L Kimble

No abstract provided.


Dialogue On “1 Malaysia”: The Uses Of Metadiscourse In Ethnopolitical Accounting, Richard Buttny, Azirah Hashim Jan 2015

Dialogue On “1 Malaysia”: The Uses Of Metadiscourse In Ethnopolitical Accounting, Richard Buttny, Azirah Hashim

Richard Buttny

No abstract provided.


Mapping Lis Electives Across The Field: Collaborative Student Learning Outcome Development And Assessment, Bradley Wade Bishop, Theresa Parrish, Tony H. Grubesic Jan 2015

Mapping Lis Electives Across The Field: Collaborative Student Learning Outcome Development And Assessment, Bradley Wade Bishop, Theresa Parrish, Tony H. Grubesic

Bradley Wade Bishop

In higher education’s environment of accountability, the development and assessment of student learning outcomes (SLOs) are driven by both external stakeholder requirements for accreditation and internal institutional pressures to demonstrate student learning as the core function of universities and colleges. This paper presents a framework to reduce faculty workload and increase standardization of SLOs for LIS electives across multiple schools. The framework includes a value-added assessment with results that show a significant increase in the overall scores and specifically in areas of focus for the elective. This approach provides a framework for other popular LIS electives to collaborate across ...


Proximity And Journalistic Practice In Environmental Discourse: Experiencing “Job Blackmail” In The News, Barbara Johnstone, Justin Mando Jan 2015

Proximity And Journalistic Practice In Environmental Discourse: Experiencing “Job Blackmail” In The News, Barbara Johnstone, Justin Mando

Barbara Johnstone

No abstract provided.


New Perspectives On European Women’S Legal History, Sara L. Kimble, Marion Rowekamp Jan 2015

New Perspectives On European Women’S Legal History, Sara L. Kimble, Marion Rowekamp

School for New Learning Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Dog Whistling, The Color-Blind Jurisprudential Regime And The Constitutional Politics Of Race, Calvin J. Terbeek Jan 2015

Dog Whistling, The Color-Blind Jurisprudential Regime And The Constitutional Politics Of Race, Calvin J. Terbeek

Calvin J TerBeek

Ian Haney Lopez’s new book, "Dog Whistle Politics: How Coded Racial Appeals Have Reinvented Racism and Wrecked the Middle Class", has a provocative thesis. Lopez contends that dog-whistling, that is, coded racial rhetoric, “explains how politicians backed by concentrated wealth manipulate racial appeals to win elections and also to win support for regressive policies that help corporations and the super-rich, and in the process wreck the middle class." Though this may seem plausible enough, the thesis cannot stand up to scrutiny; the relevant political science literature provides no support for this. What is more, Lopez's treatment of the ...


Kpelle Children At Play, David F. Lancy Jan 2015

Kpelle Children At Play, David F. Lancy

David Lancy

Although children’s play has been a relatively popular subject for anthropologists who study childhood, comprehensive studies of the entire play repertoire in a society are rare. One such study was carried out among the Kpelle people in the remote Liberian village of Gbarngasuakwelle four decades ago. A summary of that study reveals that Kpelle children have access to a rich store of traditional play-forms including make-believe, board-type games, active play, contests and folklore. A major finding affirmed that play, far from being the antithesis of work or a reversal of cultural ideals, fundamentally supports and affirms the child’s ...


Slow Information Diffusion And The Inertial Behavior Of Durable Consumption, Yulei Luo, Jun Nie, Eric Young Jan 2015

Slow Information Diffusion And The Inertial Behavior Of Durable Consumption, Yulei Luo, Jun Nie, Eric Young

Yulei Luo

This paper studies the aggregate dynamics of durable and nondurable consumption under slow information diffusion (SID) due to noisy observations and learning within the permanent income framework. We show that SID can significantly improve the model's predictions on the joint behavior of income, durable consumption, and nondurable consumption at the aggregate level. Specifically, we find that SID can significantly improve the model's predictions for: (i) smoothness in durable and nondurable consumption, (ii) autocorrelation of durable consumption, and (iii) contemporaneous correlation between durable and nondurable consumption.


Glass Ceilings And Racialized Exclusion: Taiwanese Americans' Gendered Experiences Of Otherness In The White-Collar Workplace, Chien-Juh Gu Jan 2015

Glass Ceilings And Racialized Exclusion: Taiwanese Americans' Gendered Experiences Of Otherness In The White-Collar Workplace, Chien-Juh Gu

Chien-Juh Gu

This article examines Taiwanese American professionals’ interpretations of the glass ceiling to illuminate the manifestations of structural inequality at the micro-level of social life. Data are based on 40 in-depth interviews in the Chicago metropolitan area. Findings suggest that racial inequalities are experienced through race relations. Ethnic cultures construct relational fences along racial lines that designate the place of each group in the racial hierarchy. Although frustrated and alienated by their marginalized position, women and men use different strategies to negotiate the meaning of being an “other.” Women act confrontationally to transgress social boundaries, while men adopt acquiescent and coalitional ...


Do Actions Speak Louder Than Knowledge? Action Manipulation, Parental Discourse, And Children’S Mental State Understanding In Pretense, Dawn Melzer, Laura J. Claxton Dec 2014

Do Actions Speak Louder Than Knowledge? Action Manipulation, Parental Discourse, And Children’S Mental State Understanding In Pretense, Dawn Melzer, Laura J. Claxton

Psychology Faculty Publications

Studies on pretense mental state understanding in young children have produced inconsistent findings. These findings could potentially emerge from the confounding influences of action manipulation or the failure to examine possible influences on individual children’s performances. To address these issues, we created a task in which 68 3- and 4-year-olds viewed two actors, side by side, on a monitor. Children were told that one actor was knowledgeable about a specific animal, whereas the other actor was not. The actors performed identical movements that were either related or unrelated to the animal they were mimicking or engaged in different behaviors ...


Examining Transactional Influences Between Reading Achievement And Antisocially-Behaving Friends, Sara Hart, Amy J. Mikolajewski, Wendy Johnson, Christopher Schatschneider, Jeanette Taylor Dec 2014

Examining Transactional Influences Between Reading Achievement And Antisocially-Behaving Friends, Sara Hart, Amy J. Mikolajewski, Wendy Johnson, Christopher Schatschneider, Jeanette Taylor

Department of Psychology Faculty Publications

The association between poorer academic outcomes and having antisocial friends is reliably demonstrated yet not well understood. Genetically sensitive designs uniquely allow for measuring genetic vulnerabilities and/or environmental risk in the association of antisocial friend behavior and poor school achievement, allowing for a better understanding of the nature of the association. This study included 233 pairs of twins from the Florida Twin Project on Reading. First, the role of antisocial friends as an environmental moderator of reading comprehension was examined. Antisocial friends significantly moderated the nonshared environmental variance in reading comprehension, with increased variation at lower levels of association ...


Social Sciences, Not Given Dec 2014

Social Sciences, Not Given

cm articles

No abstract provided.


Bystanders And Bullying: A Reflective Examination Of College Students' Experiences, Katherine Marie Larsen Dec 2014

Bystanders And Bullying: A Reflective Examination Of College Students' Experiences, Katherine Marie Larsen

Honors Theses

This study examines the individual responses of bystanders to bullying based on situational and personal variables. Using self-report data collected on 935 university students, these variables were used to determine if there was a relationship between the variables and the decision to intervene in a bullying situation for a friend. The results suggested that race, sexual orientation, and direct forms of bullying (physical and cyber bullying) have a relationship between an individual’s choice to intervene in a bullying situation for a friend. The findings failed to support the hypothesis that personal factors such as gender, socio-economic status, and a ...


"The Falling Man" As Viewed In The Lens Of The "Public Sphere", Laura Reinacher Dec 2014

"The Falling Man" As Viewed In The Lens Of The "Public Sphere", Laura Reinacher

Communication Studies

No abstract provided.


Convergence In Models With Bounded Expected Relative Hazard Rates, Carlos Oyarzun, Johannes Ruf Dec 2014

Convergence In Models With Bounded Expected Relative Hazard Rates, Carlos Oyarzun, Johannes Ruf

Carlos Oyarzun

We provide a general framework to study stochastic sequences related to an array of models in different literatures, including models of individual learning in economics, learning automata in computer sciences, social learning in marketing, and many others. In this setup, we study the asymptotic properties of a class of stochastic sequences that take values in [0,1] and satisfy a property that we call “bounded expected relative hazard rates.” We provide sufficient conditions for related sequences, which, compared to the original sequence, either move slowly or slow down over time, that yield con- vergence to one with high probability or ...


An Empirical Evaluation Of The Connecticut Death Penalty System Since 1973: Are There Unlawful Racial, Gender, And Geographic Disparities?, John J. Donohue Dec 2014

An Empirical Evaluation Of The Connecticut Death Penalty System Since 1973: Are There Unlawful Racial, Gender, And Geographic Disparities?, John J. Donohue

John Donohue

This article analyzes the 205 death-eligible murders leading to homicide convictions in Connecticut from 1973–2007 to determine if discriminatory and arbitrary factors influenced capital outcomes. A regression analysis controlling for an array of legitimate factors relevant to the crime, defendant, and victim provides overwhelming evidence that minority defendants who kill white victims are capitally charged at substantially higher rates than minority defendants who kill minorities, that geography influences both capital charging and sentencing decisions (with the location of a crime in Waterbury being the single most potent influence on which death-eligible cases will lead to a sentence of death ...


Goats, Crayons And Bananas – Creative Ways To Fight Student Stress, Conny Liegl Nov 2014

Goats, Crayons And Bananas – Creative Ways To Fight Student Stress, Conny Liegl

Conny Liegl

More than 80% of US college students report feeling overwhelmed and exhausted, almost half of whom describe their academic experience as traumatic or very difficult to handle. Stress, sleep difficulties and anxiety are just some of the symptoms that manifest in college students. Undergraduates seem particularly susceptible to these stressors, but only one in five seeks medical consultation for their issues. (American College Health Association [ACHA], 2013)

To help students react to external and internal stressors, California Polytechnic State University’s Robert E. Kennedy Library initiated a program to support students during the most stressful times of the academic quarter ...


An Analysis Of Mayo Clinic Search Query Logs For Cardiovascular Diseases, Ashutosh Sopan Jadhav, Amit P. Sheth, Jyotishman Pathak Nov 2014

An Analysis Of Mayo Clinic Search Query Logs For Cardiovascular Diseases, Ashutosh Sopan Jadhav, Amit P. Sheth, Jyotishman Pathak

Kno.e.sis Publications

Increasingly, individuals are taking active participation in learning and managing their health by leveraging online resources. Understanding online health information searching behavior can help us to study what health topics users search for and how search queries are formulated. In this work, we analyzed 10 million cardiovascular diseases (CVD) related search queries from MayoClinic.com. We performed semantic analysis on the queries using UMLS MetaMap and analyzed structural and textual properties as well as linguistic characteristics of the queries.


Online Information Searching For Cardiovascular Diseases: An Analysis Of Mayo Clinic Search Query Logs, Ashutosh Sopan Jadhav, Amit P. Sheth, Jyotishman Pathak Nov 2014

Online Information Searching For Cardiovascular Diseases: An Analysis Of Mayo Clinic Search Query Logs, Ashutosh Sopan Jadhav, Amit P. Sheth, Jyotishman Pathak

Kno.e.sis Publications

Since the early 2000’s, Internet usage for health information searching has increased significantly. Studying search queries can help us to understand users “information need” and how do they formulate search queries (“expression of information need”). Although cardiovascular diseases (CVD) affect a large percentage of the population, few studies have investigated how and what users search for CVD. We address this knowledge gap in the community by analyzing a large corpus of 10 million CVD related search queries from MayoClinic.com. Using UMLS MetaMap and UMLS semantic types/concepts, we developed a rule-based approach to categorize the queries into 14 ...


Projecting The Self Into A Virtual World: Merging Identities With A Video Game Character, Kevin S. Smith Nov 2014

Projecting The Self Into A Virtual World: Merging Identities With A Video Game Character, Kevin S. Smith

Kevin S Smith

The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of perspective-taking instructions (PTI) on (a) the tendency to project aspects of the self onto a video game character and (b) the degree of “telepresence” within a virtual world. Perspective taking instructions encourage subjects to imagine themselves as a story character. It has been found in the past that PTI may cause an individual to merge identities with a story character in written stories1 and films2. This study replicated these findings using a video game. Male video game players were asked to play a video game and completed character ...