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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Catalog Of Books: Fall 2015/Spring 2016, Adelwin Aaliis Jun 2105

Catalog Of Books: Fall 2015/Spring 2016, Adelwin Aaliis

University Press Publications

A listing of The University of Akron Press Titles for Fall 2015 and Spring 2016.


A Different Kind Of Black, But The Same Issues: Black Males And Counterstories At A Predominantly White Institution, Don C. Sawyer Iii, Phd, Robert T. Palmer Jan 2104

A Different Kind Of Black, But The Same Issues: Black Males And Counterstories At A Predominantly White Institution, Don C. Sawyer Iii, Phd, Robert T. Palmer

Robert T. Palmer, PhD

Much has been written about Black men over the years and in different institutional contexts (e.g., community colleges, predominantly White institutions [PWIs], and historically Black colleges and universities). However, very little of this research has emphasized how the intersecting identities of Black men shape their experiences in higher education. To this end, this article draws from intersectionality and counternarratives, both of which has roots in critical race theory (CRT), to discuss how race, class, and gender informs the experiences of two Black males enrolled in a PWI. This article concludes with critical implications to help institutional leaders at PWIs ...


(Forthcoming) Indigenous Graffiti As Postcolonial Resistance, Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D. Dec 2016

(Forthcoming) Indigenous Graffiti As Postcolonial Resistance, Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D.

Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D.

NA


Effect Of Trees On Biotopes And Human Psyche, Gabriel Leiner Dec 2016

Effect Of Trees On Biotopes And Human Psyche, Gabriel Leiner

Gabriel Leiner

My latest research is focused on measuring the positive effects that various types of trees can have on a biological environment and humans on planet Earth. I'm very excited to be conducting this research within the scope of the unique geographic features found exclusively on the eight islands of Hawaii.


'Rebellious Highlanders': The Reception Of Corsica In The Edinburgh Periodical Press, 1730-1800, Rhona Brown Dec 2016

'Rebellious Highlanders': The Reception Of Corsica In The Edinburgh Periodical Press, 1730-1800, Rhona Brown

Studies in Scottish Literature

Examines the way Scottish periodicals, especially the Weekly Magazine and the Caledonian Mercury, reported and discussed the nationalist resistance in Corsica against first Genoese and then French rule; recalibrates the role of James Boswell in shaping Scottish opinion about Corsica, especially in his Account of Corsica (1768); notes the parallels made by Scottish commentators between the Corsican resistance under Pascal Paoli and the Scottish highlands, especially the Jacobite risings of 1715 and 1745; and suggests the value of looking at the distinctive responses of Scottish periodicals, not just the print networks based on London.


Delivering In Nairobi-And After, Andrea Spear, Mia Mikic Dec 2016

Delivering In Nairobi-And After, Andrea Spear, Mia Mikic

Mia Mikic

Much hinges on the outcome of the World Trade Organization's Tenth Ministerial Conference in Nairobi in mid-December. The World Trade Organization (WTO) is marking the 20th anniversary of its establishment during the Uruguay Round, almost half a century after 23 countries set up its predecessor for trade in goods, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Yet the mood is far from celebratory. Admittedly, trade has not been helping the global economy much in recent times. The downbeat feeling, however, is more related to the question of the WTO's relevance, now and in future. The WTO was ...


Workplace Deviance And Recession, Aniruddha Bagchi, Siddhartha Bandyopadhyay Nov 2016

Workplace Deviance And Recession, Aniruddha Bagchi, Siddhartha Bandyopadhyay

Aniruddha Bagchi

We examine the relationship between the incidence of workplace deviance (on-the-job crime) and the state of the economy. A worker's probability of future employment depends on whether she has been deviant as well as on the availability of jobs. Using a two period model we show that the net impact on deviant behavior to changes in unemployment can go either way depending upon the nature of the equilibrium. Two kinds of equilibria are possible. In one, a non-deviant's probability of being employed increases as expected market conditions improve which lowers the incentive to be a deviant. In contrast ...


(Forthcoming) Scandalous: The Dangerous Aesthetics Of Scanning Technology, Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D. Oct 2016

(Forthcoming) Scandalous: The Dangerous Aesthetics Of Scanning Technology, Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D.

Matthew Ryan Smith, Ph.D.

NA


Temperament And Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia As Contributors To Externalizing Behavior Among Early Adolescents, Tyler Laney Ph.D. Jul 2016

Temperament And Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia As Contributors To Externalizing Behavior Among Early Adolescents, Tyler Laney Ph.D.

Clinical Psychology Dissertations

The current study examines the relationship between temperament and physiological models of externalizing behavior to externalizing behavior in a community sample of early adolescents. The psychophysiological component of vagal tone, as measured by respirator sinus arrhythmia (RSA), is used with an emphasis placed on distinguishing between its function as a state versus trait measure of parasympathetic nervous system activity. Negative affectivity (NA) is proposed as a general risk factor for psychopathology. Emotion regulation, as indexed by effortful control (EC) and basal RSA, is hypothesized to function as a mediator between NA and externalizing behavior. A moderated mediation model is then ...


Rethinking Linkage To The West: What Authoritarian Stability In Singapore Tells Us, Su-Mei Ooi Jun 2016

Rethinking Linkage To The West: What Authoritarian Stability In Singapore Tells Us, Su-Mei Ooi

Su-Mei Ooi

Recent regime change literatures compellingly assert that linkage to the West has been a significant factor in democratisation where the organizational capacity of authoritarian incumbents has overwhelmingly weakened pro-democracy forces. Detailed case studies confirming these findings have not included Singapore although high levels of linkage to the West suggest that democratisation should have taken place there. This qualitative case study fills the empirical and theoretical gap by explaining why linkage has so far failed to raise the cost of authoritarianism for Singapore’s government. By eschewing the current structural approach, which conceptualizes linkage as mere channels of external pressure or ...


Exploring Organizational Communication (Micro) History Through Network Connections, Scott C. D'Urso, Jeremy P. Fyke, David H. Torres Jun 2016

Exploring Organizational Communication (Micro) History Through Network Connections, Scott C. D'Urso, Jeremy P. Fyke, David H. Torres

Communication Faculty Research and Publications

In light of the 100th anniversary of the National Communication Association, the following essay offers an initial look at the communication subdiscipline of organizational communication and its development over the past seven-plus decades. As part of this review, we advocate the use of network methods as a microhistory analytic tool to explore the vast number of connections, both between people and research interests, generated as the discipline developed from its humble beginnings. This work represents a small sample of the greater Organizational Communication Genealogy Project. This larger effort seeks to create a detailed review of the discipline as it explores ...


Parenting Practices And Young Adults’ Emotional Distress: The Moderating Roles Of Family Structure And Race, Nathan Alexander Winner May 2016

Parenting Practices And Young Adults’ Emotional Distress: The Moderating Roles Of Family Structure And Race, Nathan Alexander Winner

Master's Theses

Authoritarian parenting practices are more common among African American families, and appear to include fewer disadvantages in regards to child outcomes compared to White/non-Hispanic families who use these same practices. Little is known about why these racial differences occur, although family structure may play a role. The present study sought to understand the role of family structure and race in moderating the effects of parenting practices on college student mental health outcomes. College students reported on the parenting practices of their caregivers, as well as their race, family structure, characteristics of their familial environment, and socioeconomic status. Levels of ...


Congruence With College Major In Light Of Cognitive Influence And Work Roles, Erica L. Mathis May 2016

Congruence With College Major In Light Of Cognitive Influence And Work Roles, Erica L. Mathis

Master's Theses

Using Holland’s theory, the author examined moderators that may influence students’ academic success and satisfaction while accounting for cognitive influence. Data from 233 undergraduate students was analyzed using a series of hierarchical multiple regressions. The study sought to determine if student employment and the level of interest profile elevation were significant moderators of the relationship between congruence with college major and academic major satisfaction, as well as academic major success. Uniquely, academic major success was determined through GPA and a 10-subscale self-report measure. Cognitive influences were operationalized as positive and negative thinking and accounted for in all analyses. Correlation ...


Preferential Trade Agreements And Quality Of Government In Sub-Saharan Africa, Sharon Camara May 2016

Preferential Trade Agreements And Quality Of Government In Sub-Saharan Africa, Sharon Camara

Dissertations

Objectives. Sub-Saharan African (SSA) nations have made concerted attempts at economic integration and openness with use of preferential trade agreements (PTAs) beginning in the latter half of the 1990s. These changes could result in increases in trade and growth. The World Bank’s Good Governance indicators are designed to assess the quality of institutions in a given country. The objective is to assess the impact of PTAs and Good Governance indicators on trade in SSA nations. Methods. Data on trade y was generated based on exports defined by the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) Direction of Trade statistics, and both ...


Scatter 1: The Politics Of Politics In Foucault, Heidegger, And Derrida [Table Of Contents], Geoffrey Bennington May 2016

Scatter 1: The Politics Of Politics In Foucault, Heidegger, And Derrida [Table Of Contents], Geoffrey Bennington

Philosophy

“Bennington’s Scatter 1 is a sophisticated, detailed, and strikingly original demonstration of the political efficacy of deconstruction. As always with Bennington, to read him is to undergo an education in reading.” —Robert Bernasconi, Pennsylvania State University


The Amazing Adventures Of Bob Brown: A Real-Life Zelig Who Wrote His Way Through The 20th Century [Table Of Contents], Craig Saper May 2016

The Amazing Adventures Of Bob Brown: A Real-Life Zelig Who Wrote His Way Through The 20th Century [Table Of Contents], Craig Saper

Biography

“A cross between an intellectual biography of this literary dynamo and a picaresque novel. Bob Brown has found a sensitive, insightful, and appreciative biographer who knows not only how to narrate (and condense) his amazing adventures but also how to draw the connections that make this overflowing life of letters seem all the more meaningful and significant in our era of digital multimedia.” —Louis Kaplan, Professor of History and Theory of Photography and New Media, University of Toronto


Facilitating Effective Communication Between First Responders And Older Adults During Fall Incidents: An Educational Intervention, Krystin M. Beeman, Erica L. Berger, Isabel A. Cabezas, Nicole M. Mathews May 2016

Facilitating Effective Communication Between First Responders And Older Adults During Fall Incidents: An Educational Intervention, Krystin M. Beeman, Erica L. Berger, Isabel A. Cabezas, Nicole M. Mathews

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

PURPOSE. The purpose of this project was to provide first responders with communication strategies for older adults that may help when responding to fall- related calls. General information was also provided to First Responders on working with older adults with a focus on the aging process, fall risk factors, and communications strategies.

METHODS. A series of educational sessions to first responders at a local fire district were developed and presented by occupational therapy students. Materials were developed by presenters from evidence-based resources and tailored to the target population. Each presentation focused on statistics about older adults, the aging process, fall ...


The Microfinance Industry In Bolivia, Jorge J. Eguino May 2016

The Microfinance Industry In Bolivia, Jorge J. Eguino

Economics Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the international context, and particularly in Bolivia, microfinance and microcredit have been the subject of innumerable analyses. The arguments rely on the attributions of these two ways of intervention in financial services, as well as their impact with respect to poverty, their input, and their incidence on economic growth. Bolivia has contributed to the debate in these fields due to its experience with the microfinance system and its relevance to the country’s economy.

The purpose of this project is to describe the process of development and consolidation of the microfinance system in Bolivia. From a description to an ...


Sex-Related Alcohol Expectancies, Alcohol Consumption, And Risky Sexual Behavior Among African American College Women, Danielle P. Cottonham May 2016

Sex-Related Alcohol Expectancies, Alcohol Consumption, And Risky Sexual Behavior Among African American College Women, Danielle P. Cottonham

Master's Theses

African American college women are experiencing sex-related negative consequences (e.g., contracting sexually transmitted diseases or human immunodeficiency virus, having an unplanned pregnancy) at disproportionate rates in comparison to Caucasian college women. Furthermore, African American college women are likely engaging in risky sexual behaviors (e.g., unprotected anal, vaginal, oral sex) that may be placing them at a greater risk for experiencing sex-related negative consequences. Research suggests that increased alcohol consumption is predictive of more risky sexual behavior among college women. Additionally, sex-related alcohol expectancies, or beliefs about the effects of alcohol on sexual behavior, are positively associated with increased ...


The Dark Triad And Hexaco Model Of Personality In Relational Aggression, Niki M. Knight May 2016

The Dark Triad And Hexaco Model Of Personality In Relational Aggression, Niki M. Knight

Master's Theses

Past research has linked relational aggression (RA) to many forms of psychological maladjustment among children and early adolescents. Although less is known about RA among emerging adults, there is a growing body of research demonstrating a number of adverse correlates. This literature has sparked an interest in examining the role of personality in RA. Most investigations to date have focused on the Five Factor Model; however, the six factor HEXACO model of personality (Ashton et al., 2004) may offer some advantages in studying RA. Moreover, the manipulative and often covert nature of RA among emerging adults has theoretical overlap with ...


Plotting The Reading Experience: Theory/Practice/Politics, Paulette Rothbauer (Editor), Kjell-Ivar Skerdingstad (Editor), Lynne Ef Mckechnie (Editor), Knut Oterholm (Editor) Apr 2016

Plotting The Reading Experience: Theory/Practice/Politics, Paulette Rothbauer (Editor), Kjell-Ivar Skerdingstad (Editor), Lynne Ef Mckechnie (Editor), Knut Oterholm (Editor)

Paulette Rothbauer

This book is about the experience of reading—what reading feels like, how it makes people feel, how people read and under what conditions, what drives people to read, and, conversely, what halts the individual in the pursuit of the pleasures of reading. The authors consider reading in all of its richness as they explore readers’ relationships with diverse textual and digital forms. 

This edited volume is divided into three sections: Theory, Practice, and Politics. The first provides insights into ways of seeing, thinking, and conceptualizing the experience of reading. The second features a variety of individual and social practices ...


Plotting The Reading Experience: Theory/Practice/Politics, Paulette Rothbauer (Editor), Kjell-Ivar Skerdingstad (Editor), Lynne Ef Mckechnie (Editor), Knut Oterholm (Editor) Apr 2016

Plotting The Reading Experience: Theory/Practice/Politics, Paulette Rothbauer (Editor), Kjell-Ivar Skerdingstad (Editor), Lynne Ef Mckechnie (Editor), Knut Oterholm (Editor)

Paulette Rothbauer

This book is about the experience of reading—what reading feels like, how it makes people feel, how people read and under what conditions, what drives people to read, and, conversely, what halts the individual in the pursuit of the pleasures of reading. The authors consider reading in all of its richness as they explore readers’ relationships with diverse textual and digital forms. 

This edited volume is divided into three sections: Theory, Practice, and Politics. The first provides insights into ways of seeing, thinking, and conceptualizing the experience of reading. The second features a variety of individual and social practices ...


Symposium Agenda: 2016 University Of Massachusetts And New England Area Librarian E-Science Symposium, E-Science Symposium Apr 2016

Symposium Agenda: 2016 University Of Massachusetts And New England Area Librarian E-Science Symposium, E-Science Symposium

University of Massachusetts and New England Area Librarian e-Science Symposium

Agenda for the 8th annual University of Massachusetts and New England Area Librarian e-Science Symposium, held Wednesday, April 6, 2016 at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA.


Lovecidal: Walking With The Disappeared [Table Of Contents], Trinh T. Minh-Ha Apr 2016

Lovecidal: Walking With The Disappeared [Table Of Contents], Trinh T. Minh-Ha

Media Studies

Lovecidal: Walking with the Disappeared is filled with provocation and guided by evocation. Encompassing various forms (poetry, treatise, memoir, and historiography) and capaciously conceived, Trinh T. Minh-ha’s contemplation of war, state-authorized violence, state-sanctioned ‘security,’ and international amnesia is skillfully tempered by observations of beauty, humanity, and resistance. To say that this is an important book is in many ways an understatement; rather, Lovecidal is transformative.” —Cathy Schlund-Vials, author of War, Genocide, and Justice: Cambodian American Memory Work


Single-Firm Event Studies, Securities Fraud, And Financial Crisis: Problems Of Inference, Andrew Baker Apr 2016

Single-Firm Event Studies, Securities Fraud, And Financial Crisis: Problems Of Inference, Andrew Baker

Andrew Baker

Lawsuits brought pursuant to Section 10(b) of the Securities and Exchange Act depend on the reliability of a statistical tool called an event study to adjudicate issues of reliance, materiality, loss causation, and damages. Although judicial acceptance of the event study technique is pervasive, there has been little empirical analysis of the ability of commonly used event studies to produce reliable results when applied to a single company’s security.

Using data from the recent Financial Crisis, this Note demonstrates that the standard-model event study used in most court proceedings can lead to biased inference in contravention to the ...


Syllabus Cpo 2002 (U02): Introduction To Comparative Politics (Spring 2016), Lukas K. Danner Apr 2016

Syllabus Cpo 2002 (U02): Introduction To Comparative Politics (Spring 2016), Lukas K. Danner

Lukas K. Danner

No abstract provided.


Syllabus Cpo 3104 (U01): European Union Politics (Spring 2016), Lukas K. Danner Apr 2016

Syllabus Cpo 3104 (U01): European Union Politics (Spring 2016), Lukas K. Danner

Lukas K. Danner

No abstract provided.


School Of Public Affairs Newsletter, Vol. 5, Iss. 1, Kristy Modrow Apr 2016

School Of Public Affairs Newsletter, Vol. 5, Iss. 1, Kristy Modrow

School of Public Affairs Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Not Your Usual Content: The Rosarium Project. An Online Collection Of Materials On The Rose Using The Text Encoding Initiative And ., Julia R Tryon Mar 2016

Not Your Usual Content: The Rosarium Project. An Online Collection Of Materials On The Rose Using The Text Encoding Initiative And ., Julia R Tryon

Julia R. Tryon

Using the XML editor Oxygen, I am text encoding articles, books and other materials written in English before 1923 with a view to creating an online, searchable database for the genus Rosa. The project is called the Rosarium Project. First I transcribe the text of a work into a Pages document. Then I use <oXygen/> to mark up the transcriptions using the Text Encoding Initiative Consortium's P5 guidelines. Finally, I upload my XML files to the TAPAS Project where I can see how my encoding renders. Ultimately a website that will allow for searching and limiting will be created ...


“Improving Attendance, Attitude And Achievement For At-Risk Students”, Ramona Garrison Mar 2016

“Improving Attendance, Attitude And Achievement For At-Risk Students”, Ramona Garrison

National Youth-At-Risk Conference Savannah

Positive relationships between adults and students in a climate of shared concern are key elements in student success. This session examines a formalized, easy-to-follow feedback and monitoring process that the presenter developed as a principal. The system helps disconnected students become connected – to adults, other students and their families.