Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 311074

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Televising The Revolution: Reality Tv's Democratic Experiment, Mark Andrejevic Oct 3005

Televising The Revolution: Reality Tv's Democratic Experiment, Mark Andrejevic

Mark Andrejevic

No abstract provided.


I Servizi Idrici Tra Mercato E Regole, (Water Services In Between Regulation And Market Rules), Gilberto Muraro, Paola Valbonesi Dec 3003

I Servizi Idrici Tra Mercato E Regole, (Water Services In Between Regulation And Market Rules), Gilberto Muraro, Paola Valbonesi

Paola Valbonesi

No abstract provided.


An Empirical Investigation On The Great Gatsby's Curve, Carlos Urrutia, Marina Mendes Tavares Jan 2106

An Empirical Investigation On The Great Gatsby's Curve, Carlos Urrutia, Marina Mendes Tavares

Carlos Urrutia

Cross country evidence suggests a negative relation between inequality and intergenerational mobility, sometimes dubbed as the “Great Gatsby's Curve". From a time series perspective, we analyze the relation between the increase in inequality and the observed trends in intergenerational mobility in the U.S. over the last three decades. As an empirical contribution, we document a significant increase in the intergenerational elasticity of earnings, both at the family level and at the individual level, between 1977 and 2012. However, we do not observe a significant trend in the intergenerational elasticity of family income, suggesting an important role for transfers ...


Is Gerry Adams An Irish Nelson Mandela?, Cas Mudde, Don Beaudette May 2104

Is Gerry Adams An Irish Nelson Mandela?, Cas Mudde, Don Beaudette

Cas Mudde

Acknowledgments of culpability from leaders on both sides of the South African conflict to the vaunted Truth and Reconciliation Commission, were fundamental to helping the country move beyond its deeply divided past into a more peaceful future.


Imagining Social Justice Within A Communicative Framework, Tim Huffman Dec 2103

Imagining Social Justice Within A Communicative Framework, Tim Huffman

Tim Huffman

What is social justice? Various political, philosophical, and theological accounts offer definitions. Rather than defining social justice, this project seeks to provide a set of narrative, imaginative tools for visualizing more just societies. By taking a communication framework, it becomes clear how modes of acting/organizing—like advocacy and charity—constitute social justice. Specifically, this paper looks at two allegorical thought experiments, the broken river and the just city, as ways to imagine the social and communicative dimensions of a socially just world.


A Different Kind Of Black, But The Same Issues: Black Males And Counterstories At A Predominantly White Institution, Don Sawyer Iii, Phd, Robert Palmer Dec 2103

A Different Kind Of Black, But The Same Issues: Black Males And Counterstories At A Predominantly White Institution, Don Sawyer Iii, Phd, Robert Palmer

Robert T. Palmer, PhD

Much has been written about Black men over the years and in different institutional contexts (e.g., community colleges, predominantly White institutions [PWIs], and historically Black colleges and universities). However, very little of this research has emphasized how the intersecting identities of Black men shape their experiences in higher education. To this end, this article draws from intersectionality and counternarratives, both of which has roots in critical race theory (CRT), to discuss how race, class, and gender informs the experiences of two Black males enrolled in a PWI. This article concludes with critical implications to help institutional leaders at PWIs ...


Social Media Implication On Politics Of Pakistan; Measuring The Impact Of Facebook, Zafar Ali Sep 2103

Social Media Implication On Politics Of Pakistan; Measuring The Impact Of Facebook, Zafar Ali

Zafar Ali

The core purpose of this study was to investigate practice of social media consumption among the political parties and personalities in Pakistan. Data is collected from online use of Facebook officials ID’s of different political parties and personalities at a same time. There were two categories measured using Facebook “likes” and “talking about this” options of Facebook users. The data is analyzed on the bases of online provided figures of Facebook about selected political parties and celebrities. These figures present popularity of political icon and parties in Facebook user as well in masses. These findings emphasize on significance of ...


Work Attitudes Of Police Recruits: Is There A Family Connection, Scott Phillips, James Sobol, Sean Varano Dec 2019

Work Attitudes Of Police Recruits: Is There A Family Connection, Scott Phillips, James Sobol, Sean Varano

Scott Phillips

No abstract provided.


E-Government For Public Organizations: An Essential Guide, Faith J. Shimba, Reginald Ugaddan Dec 2017

E-Government For Public Organizations: An Essential Guide, Faith J. Shimba, Reginald Ugaddan

Faith J Shimba

No abstract provided.


6dewa.Net Agen Judi Bandarq Domino99 Capsa Susun Aduq Dan Bandar Poker Online Indonesia, Defaonline Com Jun 2017

6dewa.Net Agen Judi Bandarq Domino99 Capsa Susun Aduq Dan Bandar Poker Online Indonesia, Defaonline Com

defaonline com

6dewa.net Agen Judi BandarQ Domino99 Capsa Susun AduQ dan Bandar Poker Online Indonesia – Pada Pertengahan Tahun 2016 Ini Kita Sangat Banyak Di Suguhkan Dengan Yang Namanya Kontes SEO, Dan Kebanyakan Kontes SEO Di Adakan Oleh Agen-Agen Poker Dan Domino Online Di Indonesia Dan Salah Satunya Yaitu Kontes Yang Terbaru Dari 6dewa.net Agen Judi BandarQ Domino99 Capsa Susun AduQ dan Bandar Poker Online Indonesia Yang Akan Kita Optimasi Sampai Dengan Bulan Agustus Mendatang Semoga Blog Syakur Taginting Bisa Mendapatkan Hasil yang Maksimal Hingga Akhir Masa Penjurian.
6dewa.net Agen Judi BandarQ Domino99 Capsa Susun AduQ dan Bandar Poker Online ...


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder In Appalachia: Proposed Methods To Analyze And Solve Social And Medical Issues Surrounding The Disorder, Alexis Rae Prillhart May 2017

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder In Appalachia: Proposed Methods To Analyze And Solve Social And Medical Issues Surrounding The Disorder, Alexis Rae Prillhart

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


The Language Of Information Literacy: Do Students Understand?, Gayle Schaub, Patricia Bravender, Cara Cadena, Christopher Kierkus Feb 2017

The Language Of Information Literacy: Do Students Understand?, Gayle Schaub, Patricia Bravender, Cara Cadena, Christopher Kierkus

Gayle Schaub

In order to effectively access and utilize the resources of the academic library and to become information literate, students must understand the language of information literacy. This study analyzes undergraduate students’ understanding of fourteen commonly used information literacy terms. It was found that some of the terms least understood by students are those most frequently found in faculty-created research assignments and syllabi and which are used by librarians during library instruction. It is recommended that librarians work with faculty to make them aware of students’ lack of understanding of information literacy terms and that librarians also reinforce their meaning during ...


Examining Anxiety Schemas Through The Context Of A Stress-Intrapersonal Model, Kayla M. Leleux-Labarge Jan 2017

Examining Anxiety Schemas Through The Context Of A Stress-Intrapersonal Model, Kayla M. Leleux-Labarge

Electronic Theses & Dissertations

Explicating vulnerability factors to anxiety difficulties is important as the National Comorbidity Study (NCS) lists anxiety as the most common and costly class of mental health disorders in the United States. Maladaptive schemas, as theorized by Young (1990), perpetuate anxiety pathology by hindering the individual’s ability to alter behaviors, thoughts, emotions, and overall approach to adverse events. Previous research indicates that intrapersonal resources can stymie the development of psychopathological features, even in the context of adverse life events (Floyd, Seltzer, Greenberg, & Song, 2013). The main purpose of the current study was to explore the relationship among adverse life events ...


Connecting Emotions To Behavioral Outcomes, Whitney L. Spears Jan 2017

Connecting Emotions To Behavioral Outcomes, Whitney L. Spears

Electronic Theses & Dissertations

The field of positive psychology has emerged within the last decade and focuses on investigating happiness and what constitutes a satisfying life (Seligman, 2011; Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000). One of the main purposes of positive psychology is to identify resources that can be used to promote psychologically beneficial outcomes (Fredrickson, 2001). Two positive psychological outcomes that can build resources to overcome negative circumstances and lead to a fulfilling life are resilience and well-being. A theory proposed by Fredrickson (1998) that offers a process by which individuals can enhance well-being and resilience is the broaden-and-build theory. Through this theory, it is hypothesized that experiencing positive affect can broaden an individual’s thoughts and actions, which can in turn build lasting personal outcomes (i.e., resilience and well-being; Fredrickson, 2001). The current study draws upon the tenets of the broaden-and-build theory to identify processes that may help clarify the connection between positive affect and positive psychological outcomes. Specifically, the main purpose of the current study was to determine if savoring strategies mediate the relationships between positive affect and positive psychological outcomes. Participants included two hundred and eighty-nine college students who were recruited to complete a series of online surveys. In regard to gender ...


Resilience As A Mediator Of The Relationship Between Negative Life Events And Psychological Well-Being, Anna L. Faircloth Jan 2017

Resilience As A Mediator Of The Relationship Between Negative Life Events And Psychological Well-Being, Anna L. Faircloth

Electronic Theses & Dissertations

The relatively young field of positive psychology serves to redirect the focus of common psychological investigation and intervention on factors that deplete well-being, toward characteristics and experiences that promote happiness and well-being (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000). Two features that have been consistently associated with measures of psychological well-being are resilience and negative life events (Avey et al., 2010; Shonkoff et al., 2012). The current study examined the relationship between negative life events, well-being, and resilience. Specifically, the study was designed to determine if resilience mediates the relationship between negative life events and psychological well-being among emerging adults. Participants were 325 college students (166 women; 158 men) who independently completed an online assessment comprised of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), Inventory of College Students’ Recent Life ...


Principles Of Space Anthropology: Establishing A Science Of Human Space Settlement, Cameron Smith Dec 2016

Principles Of Space Anthropology: Establishing A Science Of Human Space Settlement, Cameron Smith

Cameron Smith

Human space settlement will be the extension of human adaptation from terrestrial to extraterrestrial (off-Earth) environments. Space settlement should therefore be planned and carried out with a thorough understanding of human adaptation—both biological and culturalwhich is best known today to the field of anthropology. In this book I outline the principles of an evolutionary, adaptation-based anthropology useful to making a success of the goal of permanent human space settlement.


Money And Monetary Policy In The Eurozone: An Empirical Analysis During Crises, Jonathan Benchimol, André Fourçans Dec 2016

Money And Monetary Policy In The Eurozone: An Empirical Analysis During Crises, Jonathan Benchimol, André Fourçans

Jonathan Benchimol

This paper analyses the role of money and monetary policy as well as the forecasting performance of New Keynesian dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models with and without separability between consumption and money. The study is conducted over three crisis periods in the Eurozone, namely, the ERM crisis, the Dot-com crisis and the Global Financial Crisis (GFC). The results of successive Bayesian estimations demonstrate that during these crises, the non-separable model generally provides better out of sample output forecasts than the baseline model. We also demonstrate that money shocks have some impact on output variations during crises, especially in the ...


Heroic Leadership, Scott Allison Dec 2016

Heroic Leadership, Scott Allison

Scott T. Allison

The world’s most revered leaders have traveled the hero’s journey of personal transformation and, in turn, have used their gifts to transform others. The heroic leader’s journey is the human journey, replete with struggle, growth, learning, transformation, and an ascendency from followership to heroic leadership. Those who dare to transform, or who are compelled to do so by circumstance, grow into fully developed human beings ready, willing, and able to transform others. The transformed hero represents the pinnacle of human maturity, the state of wellbeing that allows people to flourish and experience eudaimonia.


Setting The Scene: The Rise And Coalescence Of Heroism Science, Scott T. Allison, George R. Goethals, Roderick M. Kramer Dec 2016

Setting The Scene: The Rise And Coalescence Of Heroism Science, Scott T. Allison, George R. Goethals, Roderick M. Kramer

Scott T. Allison

This opening chapter of the Handbook of Heroism and Heroic Leadership offers insights and inspiration about the zenith of human behavior. The contributions to this volume offer a sturdy foundations for the development of a multidisciplinary and even transdisciplinary perspective on the antecedents and consequences of heroic behavior. In aggregate, these chapters chart the landscape of what we currently know about heroism-related phenomena, covering a panoply of  human experiences. The chapters encompass such diverse topics as courage, empathy, resilience, hope, meaning, purpose, spirituality, morality, altruism, character strengths, wisdom, development, regeneration, and transformation.    


The Social And Political Consequences Of Group Empathy, Cigdem V. Sirin, Nicholas A. Valentino, José D. Villalobos Dec 2016

The Social And Political Consequences Of Group Empathy, Cigdem V. Sirin, Nicholas A. Valentino, José D. Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

No abstract provided.


Paper Dragon Thieves, J.S. Nelson Dec 2016

Paper Dragon Thieves, J.S. Nelson

J.S. Nelson

Developments in the law are making the corporate form more opaque and allowing the agents who animate it to escape individual accountability for their actions. The law now provides protection for agents to engage in widespread frauds that inflict massive harm on the public. This article challenges the academic orthodoxy that shareholder and director liability are enough to control agent behavior by developing a paper dragon analogy to focus on the importance of agents in corporate animation. Lack of agent accountability encourages the patterns of fraud that caused the financial crisis in which forty-five percent of the world’s wealth ...


Implicit Bias, Resp, Moral Ecology.Pdf, Manuel R. Vargas Dec 2016

Implicit Bias, Resp, Moral Ecology.Pdf, Manuel R. Vargas

Manuel Vargas

Roughly, implicit bias is a partially unconscious and partially automatic (frequently negative) evaluative tendency directed at individuals, based on their apparent membership in a socially salient category or group. It is unclear what we should think about an agent’s blameworthiness for actions produced in part by implicit biases, and there are reasons that weigh both in favor and against holding that such agents are blameworthy. There is also a more radical possibility lurking: implicit bias may reveal the limitations of a widespread conception of agency. That is, perhaps implicit bias (maybe along with various other results from the cognitive ...


Secession And Federalism In The United States: Tools For Managing Regional Conflict In A Pluralist Society, Erin Ryan Dec 2016

Secession And Federalism In The United States: Tools For Managing Regional Conflict In A Pluralist Society, Erin Ryan

Erin Ryan

This volume, incorporating the work of scholars from various parts of the globe, taps the wisdom of the Westphalian (and post-Westphalian) world on the use of federalism and secession as tools for managing regional conflict.  The conversation has scarcely been more important than it is right now, especially in light of recent events in Catalonia, Scotland, Québec, and the Sudan—all unique political contexts raising similar questions about how best to balance competing claims for autonomy, interdependence, political voice, and exit.  Exploring how various nations have encountered like conflicts, some more and some less successfully, promises to broaden the perspectives ...


E-Government In The Context Of Public Sector Reforms: Lessons From Tanzania And Philippines, Faith J. Shimba, Reginald Ugaddan, Mihayo M. Wilmore Dec 2016

E-Government In The Context Of Public Sector Reforms: Lessons From Tanzania And Philippines, Faith J. Shimba, Reginald Ugaddan, Mihayo M. Wilmore

Faith J Shimba

No abstract provided.


E-Government & E Strategies: An Essential Guide To Public Administrators In Developing Countries, Faith J. Shimba, Gi Heon Kwon Dec 2016

E-Government & E Strategies: An Essential Guide To Public Administrators In Developing Countries, Faith J. Shimba, Gi Heon Kwon

Faith J Shimba

Most developing countries aspires to implement e-Government. E-Government is the use of information and communication technology (ICT) to transform government by making it more accessible, effective and accountable. To achieve this, the state administration needs reliable ICT systems with sufficient capacity


Prehistoric Myths In Modern Political Philosophy, Karl Widerquist, Grant Mccall Dec 2016

Prehistoric Myths In Modern Political Philosophy, Karl Widerquist, Grant Mccall

Karl Widerquist


Why do political philosophers write so much about prehistory but do such little research on it? The state of nature, the origin of property, the genesis of government, and the primordial nature of war and inequality are perennial favourite topics in political philosophy, but their use is often ambiguous. Are these merely illustrative examples? If so, what do they illustrate? If not, what claims to they make about prehistory. Does the best available evidence from the fields of archaeology and anthropology support or conflict with those claims?
 
This book presents an anthropological critique of philosophy, examining political theories to show ...


The Travel Cost Model, George R. Parsons Dec 2016

The Travel Cost Model, George R. Parsons

George R. Parsons

Review chapter on travel cost model. This is an updated version of the 2003 chapter in the Primer on Nonmarket Valuation.


Appendix To Prehistoric Myths In Modern Political Philosophy, Karl Widerquist, Grant Mccall Dec 2016

Appendix To Prehistoric Myths In Modern Political Philosophy, Karl Widerquist, Grant Mccall

Karl Widerquist


This is an early version of the appendix to the book: Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy.
 
Book abstract: Why do political philosophers write so much about prehistory but do such little research on it? The state of nature, the origin of property, the genesis of government, and the primordial nature of war and inequality are perennial favourite topics in political philosophy, but their use is often ambiguous. Are these merely illustrative examples? If so, what do they illustrate? If not, what claims to they make about prehistory. Does the best available evidence from the fields of archaeology and anthropology ...


Logical Form And The Vernacular Revisited, Andrew Botterell, Robert J. Stainton Dec 2016

Logical Form And The Vernacular Revisited, Andrew Botterell, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

We revisit a debate initiated some fifteen years ago by Ray Elugardo and Robert Stainton about the domain of arguments. Our main result is that arguments are not exclusively sets of linguistic expressions. Instead, as we put it, some non-linguistic items have ‘logical form’. The crucial examples are arguments, both deductive and inductive, made with unembedded words and phrases.


Logical Form And The Vernacular Revisited, Andrew Botterell, Robert J. Stainton Dec 2016

Logical Form And The Vernacular Revisited, Andrew Botterell, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

We revisit a debate initiated some fifteen years ago by Ray Elugardo and Robert Stainton about the domain of arguments. Our main result is that arguments are not exclusively sets of linguistic expressions. Instead, as we put it, some non-linguistic items have ‘logical form’. The crucial examples are arguments, both deductive and inductive, made with unembedded words and phrases.