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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Televising The Revolution: Reality Tv's Democratic Experiment, Mark Andrejevic Oct 3005

Televising The Revolution: Reality Tv's Democratic Experiment, Mark Andrejevic

Mark Andrejevic

No abstract provided.


Biography As A “Tree Of Choices”: Discovering The Life Trajectories Of Young Entrepreneurs In Russia, Anastasia Poylova, Elizaveta Polukhina May 2107

Biography As A “Tree Of Choices”: Discovering The Life Trajectories Of Young Entrepreneurs In Russia, Anastasia Poylova, Elizaveta Polukhina

The Qualitative Report

The article reveals the life trajectories of Russian entrepreneurs in the context of four modern institutions of socialization which determine individual career paths—family, education, social environment and professional experience. Our empirical data were 20 semi-structured narrative interviews with entrepreneurs analyzed based on grounded theory (open and axial coding). We analyzed individual life trajectories as “trees of choices,” where the main branches are institutions of socialization, and the subsequent branches—individual life features. Finally, we showed the meanings of each institution and found out the determining role of gender and the city of socialization. The empirical output is a model ...


Change In Everyday Life And In The Communication World: A Co-Constructed Performance Autoethnography, Katie Rivers, Peter Joseph Gloviczki May 2107

Change In Everyday Life And In The Communication World: A Co-Constructed Performance Autoethnography, Katie Rivers, Peter Joseph Gloviczki

The Qualitative Report

In this paper, we use a co-constructed performance autoethnography to explore change in everyday life and in the communication world.


An Empirical Investigation On The Great Gatsby's Curve, Carlos Urrutia, Marina Mendes Tavares Jan 2106

An Empirical Investigation On The Great Gatsby's Curve, Carlos Urrutia, Marina Mendes Tavares

Carlos Urrutia

Cross country evidence suggests a negative relation between inequality and intergenerational mobility, sometimes dubbed as the “Great Gatsby's Curve". From a time series perspective, we analyze the relation between the increase in inequality and the observed trends in intergenerational mobility in the U.S. over the last three decades. As an empirical contribution, we document a significant increase in the intergenerational elasticity of earnings, both at the family level and at the individual level, between 1977 and 2012. However, we do not observe a significant trend in the intergenerational elasticity of family income, suggesting an important role for transfers ...


Is Gerry Adams An Irish Nelson Mandela?, Cas Mudde, Don Beaudette May 2104

Is Gerry Adams An Irish Nelson Mandela?, Cas Mudde, Don Beaudette

Cas Mudde

Acknowledgments of culpability from leaders on both sides of the South African conflict to the vaunted Truth and Reconciliation Commission, were fundamental to helping the country move beyond its deeply divided past into a more peaceful future.


A Different Kind Of Black, But The Same Issues: Black Males And Counterstories At A Predominantly White Institution, Don Sawyer Iii, Phd, Robert Palmer Jan 2104

A Different Kind Of Black, But The Same Issues: Black Males And Counterstories At A Predominantly White Institution, Don Sawyer Iii, Phd, Robert Palmer

Robert T. Palmer, PhD

Much has been written about Black men over the years and in different institutional contexts (e.g., community colleges, predominantly White institutions [PWIs], and historically Black colleges and universities). However, very little of this research has emphasized how the intersecting identities of Black men shape their experiences in higher education. To this end, this article draws from intersectionality and counternarratives, both of which has roots in critical race theory (CRT), to discuss how race, class, and gender informs the experiences of two Black males enrolled in a PWI. This article concludes with critical implications to help institutional leaders at PWIs ...


Imagining Social Justice Within A Communicative Framework, Tim Huffman Dec 2103

Imagining Social Justice Within A Communicative Framework, Tim Huffman

Tim Huffman

What is social justice? Various political, philosophical, and theological accounts offer definitions. Rather than defining social justice, this project seeks to provide a set of narrative, imaginative tools for visualizing more just societies. By taking a communication framework, it becomes clear how modes of acting/organizing—like advocacy and charity—constitute social justice. Specifically, this paper looks at two allegorical thought experiments, the broken river and the just city, as ways to imagine the social and communicative dimensions of a socially just world.


Social Media Implication On Politics Of Pakistan; Measuring The Impact Of Facebook, Zafar Ali Sep 2103

Social Media Implication On Politics Of Pakistan; Measuring The Impact Of Facebook, Zafar Ali

Zafar Ali

The core purpose of this study was to investigate practice of social media consumption among the political parties and personalities in Pakistan. Data is collected from online use of Facebook officials ID’s of different political parties and personalities at a same time. There were two categories measured using Facebook “likes” and “talking about this” options of Facebook users. The data is analyzed on the bases of online provided figures of Facebook about selected political parties and celebrities. These figures present popularity of political icon and parties in Facebook user as well in masses. These findings emphasize on significance of ...


Chart Your Course, Kenya S. Flash, Caroline Zeglen, Stephanie Miranda May 2018

Chart Your Course, Kenya S. Flash, Caroline Zeglen, Stephanie Miranda

Faculty: Other Publications and Presentations -- UT Libraries

Library instruction is most effective when thoughtfully developed with faculty and integrated in a course. But how do you determine which faculty partnerships will have the most impact? In this poster, we discuss the process of curriculum mapping in an agriculture program, how it reveals new opportunities for library instruction, and pitfalls to avoid when charting your course. In fall 2016, librarians at the University of Tennessee Hodges Library and Pendergrass Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine Library developed learning outcomes for library instruction and services using feedback from staff and the ACRL Framework for Information Literacy. We mapped or coded the ...


Enabling Behaviors, Stigmatization, And Attitudes Towards Substance Abuse And Bulimia, Melissa Mattice May 2018

Enabling Behaviors, Stigmatization, And Attitudes Towards Substance Abuse And Bulimia, Melissa Mattice

Psychology Master's Theses

Enabling behaviors may impair the recovery of individuals with substance use and eating disorders. Participants read one of six vignettes portraying a character with either a substance use disorder or bulimia and were asked how they would react. The effects of several factors, such as gender, knowledge of disorder, disorder type, and enabling behaviors, on the likelihood of specific responses were examined for the most common responses. Some notable results included that females were more likely to intend to provide support. Participants who had higher enabling scores were less likely to tell a professional and were more likely to do ...


Editorial, Wojciech M. Budzianowski Feb 2018

Editorial, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Two Studies Of The Empirical Basis Of Two Learning Resource-Oriented Motivational Strategies For Gifted Educators, Anamaria Vladut, Wilma Vialle, Albert Ziegler Jan 2018

Two Studies Of The Empirical Basis Of Two Learning Resource-Oriented Motivational Strategies For Gifted Educators, Anamaria Vladut, Wilma Vialle, Albert Ziegler

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Two learning resource-oriented motivational strategies for gifted educators are introduced: a homeostatic orientation that aims for balance and an allostatic orientation that aims at growth. In order to establish the empirical basis of these motivational strategies, two studies were conducted with samples of students from a specialized post-secondary business school who were enrolled in grades 11–13. Study 1 focused on the empirical basis of the homeostatic orientation. It was shown that the availability of learning resources is associated with two forms of balance within an actiotope: robustness and resilience. Furthermore, it could be shown that the effects of exogenous ...


Promoting Competence In College Students: The Role Of Psychological Flexibility, Elyse Rubin Rosenberg Jan 2018

Promoting Competence In College Students: The Role Of Psychological Flexibility, Elyse Rubin Rosenberg

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

Psychological flexibility (PF), the core process of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT; a third-wave cognitive-behavioral therapy), is the ability to stay focused on the present moment and intentionally engage in value-driven behavior despite experiencing difficult thoughts or feelings. This multifaceted construct includes components that target processes occurring both internally (e.g., cognitive processes) and behaviorally (e.g., value-consistent actions). Psychological flexibility has been applied to studies of adjustment in non-clinical samples and may be beneficial for college students as individuals navigate novel developmental stressors. Despite evidence suggesting the benefits of PF for psychological distress, additional work is needed to examine ...


Capitalizing On Positive Emotional Experiences: A Gratitude Intervention As An Emotional Uplift Strategy, Amanda L. Walker Jan 2018

Capitalizing On Positive Emotional Experiences: A Gratitude Intervention As An Emotional Uplift Strategy, Amanda L. Walker

Electronic Theses & Dissertations

Positive psychological interventions are well suited to build upon positive experiences to enhance positive affect and coping resources; however, experimental research is limited, especially regarding if and how gratitude practices can bolster positive affect and coping resources. As a result, the purpose of the current research was to determine (a) if self-reports of gratitude traits vary by important demographic categories (i.e., gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, rural status), (b) if gratitude interventions elevate reports of positive affect after accounting for the effects of positive memory recall, and (c) if gratitude interventions contribute to greater elevations on coping resources (i.e ...


Expressions Of Optimism Bias And "Self" Versus "Other" Perceived Controllability In The Context Of Military-Related Risks, Lauren Lachica-Muschett Jan 2018

Expressions Of Optimism Bias And "Self" Versus "Other" Perceived Controllability In The Context Of Military-Related Risks, Lauren Lachica-Muschett

Electronic Theses & Dissertations

This study aimed to examine expressions of optimism bias and perceived controllability specifically regarding risks often associated with military service. Optimism bias refers to people’s tendency to believe they are less susceptible to experiencing negative life events compared to others. Previous studies show high levels of optimism bias are associated with strong perceptions of personal controllability. Optimism bias is a significant aspect of health promotion research particularly in the field of general occupational health and safety (OHS). However, optimism bias has never been investigated in the military OHS domain. Given the number of risks associated with military occupations, examination ...


Anti-Muslim Prejudice When Exposed To News About Terrorism: The Roles Of Negative Affect And Psychological Inflexibility, Arthur T. Hatton Sr. Jan 2018

Anti-Muslim Prejudice When Exposed To News About Terrorism: The Roles Of Negative Affect And Psychological Inflexibility, Arthur T. Hatton Sr.

Electronic Theses & Dissertations

In the United States, some proposed law enforcement policies intended to prevent terrorism may violate the civil rights of American minorities. These policies include random searches by law enforcement, banning Muslims from entering the country, and refusing to grant asylum to Syrian refugees. Additionally, the rise of ISIS has heightened the salience of terrorism across the world and in the United States. The goal of the high-production videos produced by ISIS may be partially intended to create inter-religious conflict in the West. My study examines the effect of news about ISIS propaganda videos on Americans’ opinions about policies that limit ...


E-Government For Public Organizations: An Essential Guide, Faith J. Shimba, Reginald Ugaddan Dec 2017

E-Government For Public Organizations: An Essential Guide, Faith J. Shimba, Reginald Ugaddan

Faith J Shimba

No abstract provided.


The Rangeley Spinner: An American Fishing Favorite, William B. Krohn Dec 2017

The Rangeley Spinner: An American Fishing Favorite, William B. Krohn

William B. Krohn

The Rangeley Spinner was invented in western Maine almost 140 years ago. The spinner's inventor, and first manufacturer, was long-time Maine Fisheries Commissioner, Henry O. Stanley of Dixfield. This exceptionally popular fishing spinner has stood the test of time by being made and sold continuously by many makers in many places, but mostly in Maine, for more than a century. This book will document this fishing lure's history, the many varieties made, and the spinner's numerous makers.

The book's working outline is as follows: Preface, Introduction, Anatomy of a Rangeley Spinner, Henry O. Stanley - The Originator ...


Sexuality In Leadership: A Long-Neglected Topic With Vast Implications For Individuals And Society, James Beggan, Scott T. Allison Dec 2017

Sexuality In Leadership: A Long-Neglected Topic With Vast Implications For Individuals And Society, James Beggan, Scott T. Allison

Scott T. Allison


As an area of study, the intersection between leadership and sexuality has not been adequately addressed, despite the importance of sexual issues influencing leadership processes. To address this limitation, this chapter introduces three distinct ways in which to understand sexuality and leadership. One way is in terms of sexual leaders, i.e., individuals or organizations that put forward new ideas about how people should embrace their sexuality. The second way refers to the way that leaders regardless of the industry or environment in which they lead must think about the way that sexuality influences how they should govern. The third ...


Does The “Zipless Dance” Exist? Leadership, Followership, And Sexuality In Social Dancing, James K. Beggan, Scott T. Allison Dec 2017

Does The “Zipless Dance” Exist? Leadership, Followership, And Sexuality In Social Dancing, James K. Beggan, Scott T. Allison

Scott T. Allison

We conceptualize social dancing as a form of non-verbal communication geared toward creating the coordinated movement of two people done in time, and over time, to musical accompaniment. This chapter focuses on a type of dancing, social dancing, where ordinary people get together to express themselves at the local dance studio. Unlike what transpires in Singin’ in the Rain and Dancing with the Stars, social dancing is not planned out in advance and participants’ skill level can range from a first-time beginner to a seasoned 30-year veteran. Social dancing can be considered a form of serious leisure (Stebbins, 2007), with ...


Social Capital As A Shield Against Anxiety Among Displaced Residents From Fukushima, Keiko Iwasaki, Yasuyuki Sawada, Daniel P. Aldrich Dec 2017

Social Capital As A Shield Against Anxiety Among Displaced Residents From Fukushima, Keiko Iwasaki, Yasuyuki Sawada, Daniel P. Aldrich

Daniel P Aldrich

The March 2011 meltdowns at the Fukushima nuclear power plants in Japan resulted in an increased risk of psychological distress among affected residents. We conducted original surveys of Futaba residents, a town in Fukushima where all of the residents were forced to evacuate from their homes due to radioactive contamination,
obtaining 585 responses (a response rate of about 20%). Using this original data set, we investigate the role of social capital in maintaining mental health among the residents. First, we found the level of stress captured by the Kessler index (K6) to be unusually high compared both with people across ...


What Is Community Operational Research?, Gerald Midgley, Michael P. Johnson Jr., George Chichirau Dec 2017

What Is Community Operational Research?, Gerald Midgley, Michael P. Johnson Jr., George Chichirau

Michael P. Johnson

Community Operational Research (Community OR) has been an explicit sub-domain of OR for more than 30 years. In this paper, we tackle the controversial issue of how it can be differentiated from other forms of OR. While it has been persuasively argued that Community OR cannot be defined by its clients, practitioners or methods, we argue that the common concern of all Community OR practice is the meaningful engagement of communities, whatever form that may take – and the legitimacy of different forms of engagement may be open to debate. We then move on to discuss four other controversies that have ...


Safeguarding For The Future: Managing Born-Digital Collections In Museums, Kimberly Kruse Dec 2017

Safeguarding For The Future: Managing Born-Digital Collections In Museums, Kimberly Kruse

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Over the past few decades, advancements in technology have changed society entirely. Every bit of information about world news, popular culture, and art is just a tap of a touchscreen away. So many aspects of the contemporary world have become digitized so that it was only a matter of time before museums would have to face the issue of born-digital media in their collections. From videos to web-based art, museums have to tackle how to save this new form of cultural heritage. Museums have to do so now before it gets lost forever. The challenge of born-digital objects lies in ...


Fostering Strengths: Using Testimonios To Identify Community Cultural Wealth In Foster Youth, Katherine Mullin Dec 2017

Fostering Strengths: Using Testimonios To Identify Community Cultural Wealth In Foster Youth, Katherine Mullin

Master's Projects and Capstones

Foster youth voices have been silenced in schools, work environments, and many other settings.There is very little research around what works well for foster youth and what their assets are. Foster youth have many skills and resources that they use to navigate systems that continually marginalize them. But these are often ignored or overlooked. This project uses youth voices through Testimonios and Community Cultural Wealth to create a training for group home staff.


Digitally Segregated Understanding Technology Readiness In Preparation For Higher Education Success, Gloria D. Mullons Dec 2017

Digitally Segregated Understanding Technology Readiness In Preparation For Higher Education Success, Gloria D. Mullons

Dissertations

The Digital Divide is the gulf between those that have access and use of technology and those that do not. The Digital Divide is a multilayered issue impacting low-income persons, low literacy persons, seniors, and persons with disabilities. The new emphasis is on whether people know how to use technological devices and the Internet for multiple purposes, especially to function and progress in daily society. This dissertation study focuses on technology readiness in preparation for higher education, specifically examining: 1) experiences students had prior to attending the HP3 program, 2) factors that influenced student preparedness for engaging in college-level technology ...


Magically Empathetic: An Investigation Of Theory Of Mind And Empathy In The Harry Potter Series, Lindsey M. Layman Dec 2017

Magically Empathetic: An Investigation Of Theory Of Mind And Empathy In The Harry Potter Series, Lindsey M. Layman

Honors Theses

Research suggests that reading fiction can increase empathy, and a number of studies have found the Harry Potter series to promote pro-social values. One prosocial value that has not been explored directly in relation to the series, however, is empathy. Defined as “the experience of understanding another person’s condition from their perspective,” empathy is the motivation behind many prosocial behaviors and values, making it an important focus of investigation. In this study, I conduct a textual analysis of the Harry Potter series using the perspective of theory of mind and simulation theory as a guide. After analyzing a range ...


Identities And Persistence Of Family Farm Operators, Parker T. Arnold Dec 2017

Identities And Persistence Of Family Farm Operators, Parker T. Arnold

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study focuses on the identities of family farm operators and the challenges to maintaining viable farm operations in today’s agricultural economy. Employing a grounded qualitative approach, the author conducted 18 in-depth interviews with principal farm operators from Iowa and Tennessee. Using the insights of farmers from geographically different agricultural regions, this study notes how preserving family histories, socialization processes, and farming as a moral career inform operators’ understandings of themselves and the work they do. The analysis also focuses on how family farm operators contend with a globalized agricultural economy and the moral and ethical concerns of managing ...


Secession And Federalism In The United States: Tools For Managing Regional Conflict In A Pluralist Society, Erin Ryan Nov 2017

Secession And Federalism In The United States: Tools For Managing Regional Conflict In A Pluralist Society, Erin Ryan

Erin Ryan

This Article explores the use of federalism and secession as tools for managing regional conflict within pluralist governance, drawing on underappreciated features of the American experience.  Epic struggles to balance autonomy with interdependence have taken on new urgency as dissatisfaction with globalization inspires political cataclysms unimaginable just a few years ago—including ‘Brexit’ from the European Union and American threats to leave NATO.  The same impetus toward devolution also surfaces in heated intra-national conflicts.  Recent calls for secession in Scotland, Catalonia, Québec, the Sudan, and even the United States reveal multiple political contexts in which questions have been raised about ...


Reaping Richer Returns : Public Spending Priorities For African Agriculture Productivity Growth, Aparajita Goyal, John Nash Nov 2017

Reaping Richer Returns : Public Spending Priorities For African Agriculture Productivity Growth, Aparajita Goyal, John Nash

Aparajita Goyal

Enhancing the productivity of agriculture is vital for Sub-Saharan Africa's economic future and is one of the most important tools to end extreme poverty and boost shared prosperity in the region. How governments elect to spend public resources has significant development impact in this regard. Choosing to catalyze a shift toward more effective, efficient, and climate-resilient public spending in agriculture can accelerate change and unleash growth. Not only does agricultural public spending in Sub-Saharan Africa lag behind other developing regions but its impact is vitiated by subsidy programs and transfers that tend to benefit elites to the detriment of ...


Silenced Agency Gains A Voice?, Katarina Lucas Nov 2017

Silenced Agency Gains A Voice?, Katarina Lucas

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Nearly twenty-three years since the Dayton Peace Accords ended the military violence in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia), the right to reparation for survivors of conflict-related sexual violence remains unrealized, as existing mechanisms for acquiring compensation and psycho-social services are gender-blind, decentralized, discriminatory, and nonexistent in parts of the country.

In 2012, the Bosnian government sought to begin remedying this broken system through the draft Programme for Victims of Wartime Rape, Sexual Abuse and Torture, and their Families (Programme). Today, the Programme remains stagnant as a draft policy, yet efforts by local and global actors to seek forms of reparation for ...