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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Investigation Of Isomer Ratios In The Reactions (Γ, N) And (N, 2N) On Nuclei 76Ge And 82Se, Satimbay Palvanov, Turgunali Akhmadzhanov Dec 2019

Investigation Of Isomer Ratios In The Reactions (Γ, N) And (N, 2N) On Nuclei 76Ge And 82Se, Satimbay Palvanov, Turgunali Akhmadzhanov

Bulletin of National University of Uzbekistan: Mathematics and Natural Sciences

The method of the induced activity measured the isomeric yield ratios and cross-sections ratios of reactions (γ, n) and (n, 2n) on nuclei 76Ge and 82Se. Samples of natural have been irradiated in the bremsstrahlung beam of the betatron SB-50 of National University of Uzbekistan in the energy range of 10-35 MeV with energy step of 1 MeV. For 14 MeV neutron irradiation, we used the NG-150 neutron generator of Institute of Nuclear Physics. The gamma spectra reactions products were measured with a spectroscopic system consisting of HPGe detector CANBERRA with energy resolution of 1.8 keV ...


Improved Measurement Of The Longitudinal Spin Transfer To Λ And Λ¯ Hyperons In Polarized Proton-Proton Collisions At √S = 200 Gev, J. Adam, L. Adamczyk, J. R. Adams, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, F. Atetalla, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, K. Barish, A. J. Bassill, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. D. Brandenburg, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran Dec 2018

Improved Measurement Of The Longitudinal Spin Transfer To Λ And Λ¯ Hyperons In Polarized Proton-Proton Collisions At √S = 200 Gev, J. Adam, L. Adamczyk, J. R. Adams, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, F. Atetalla, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, K. Barish, A. J. Bassill, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. D. Brandenburg, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The longitudinal spin transfer DLL to Λ and Λ¯ hyperons produced in high-energy polarized proton-proton collisions is expected to be sensitive to the helicity distribution functions of strange quarks and antiquarks of the proton, and to longitudinally polarized fragmentation functions. We report an improved measurement of DLL from data obtained at a center-of-mass energy of √s = 200  GeV with the STAR detector at RHIC. The data have an approximately twelve times larger figure of merit than prior results and cover |η| < 1.2 in pseudorapidity with transverse momenta pT up to 6  GeV/c. In the forward scattering hemisphere at largest pT, the ...


Transverse Spin Transfer To Λ And Λ¯ Hyperons In Polarized Proton-Proton Collisions At √S = 200 Gev, J. Adam, L. Adamczyk, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, F. Atetalla, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, K. Barish, A. J. Bassill, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran Nov 2018

Transverse Spin Transfer To Λ And Λ¯ Hyperons In Polarized Proton-Proton Collisions At √S = 200 Gev, J. Adam, L. Adamczyk, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, F. Atetalla, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, K. Barish, A. J. Bassill, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The transverse spin transfer from polarized protons to Λ and Λ¯ hyperons is expected to provide sensitivity to the transversity distribution of the nucleon and to the transversely polarized fragmentation functions. We report the first measurement of the transverse spin transfer to Λ and Λ¯ along the polarization direction of the fragmenting quark, DTT, in transversely polarized proton-proton collisions at √s = 200  GeV with the STAR detector at RHIC. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 18  pb−1 and cover the pseudorapidity range |η| < 1.2 and transverse momenta pT up to 8  GeV/c. The dependence on pT and ...


Longitudinal Double-Spin Asymmetries For Dijet Production At Intermediate Pseudorapidity In Polarized Pp Collisions At √S = 200 Gev, J. Adam, L. Adamczyk, J. R. Adams, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, N. N. Ajitanand, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, F. Atetalla, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, K. Barish, A. J. Bassill, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran Aug 2018

Longitudinal Double-Spin Asymmetries For Dijet Production At Intermediate Pseudorapidity In Polarized Pp Collisions At √S = 200 Gev, J. Adam, L. Adamczyk, J. R. Adams, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, N. N. Ajitanand, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, F. Atetalla, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, K. Barish, A. J. Bassill, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We present the first measurements of the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry ALL for dijets with at least one jet reconstructed within the pseudorapidity range 0.8 < η < 1.8. The dijets were measured in polarized pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy √s = 200  GeV. Values for ALL are determined for several distinct event topologies, defined by the jet pseudorapidities, and span a range of parton momentum fraction x down to x ∼ 0.01. The measured asymmetries are found to be consistent with the predictions of global analyses that incorporate the results of previous RHIC measurements. They will provide new constraints on Δg(x) in this poorly constrained region when included in future global ...


Weak Values From Strong Interactions In Neutron Interferometry, Tobias Denkmayr, Justin Dressel, Hermann Geppert-Kleinrath, Yuji Hasegawa, Stephan Sponar Apr 2018

Weak Values From Strong Interactions In Neutron Interferometry, Tobias Denkmayr, Justin Dressel, Hermann Geppert-Kleinrath, Yuji Hasegawa, Stephan Sponar

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

In their original framework weak values must be measured by weak measurements that are minimally disturbing, meaning that the coupling between an investigated quantum system and a measurement device has no influence on the evolution of the system. However, under certain circumstances this weakness of the interaction is not necessary. In that case weak values can still be exactly determined from the statistics of the outcomes of arbitrary-strength generalized measurements. Here, we report an experimental procedure for neutron matter-waves that extends the notion of generalized eigenvalues for the neutron’s path system to allow the exact determination of weak values ...


Variance Reduction And Cluster Decomposition, Keh-Fei Liu, Jian Liang, Yi-Bo Yang Feb 2018

Variance Reduction And Cluster Decomposition, Keh-Fei Liu, Jian Liang, Yi-Bo Yang

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

It is a common problem in lattice QCD calculation of the mass of the hadron with an annihilation channel that the signal falls off in time while the noise remains constant. In addition, the disconnected insertion calculation of the three-point function and the calculation of the neutron electric dipole moment with the θ term suffer from a noise problem due to the √V fluctuation. We identify these problems to have the same origin and the √V problem can be overcome by utilizing the cluster decomposition principle. We demonstrate this by considering the calculations of the glueball mass, the strangeness content ...


Jet Longitudinal Double Spin Asymmetry In Phenix $P+P \Sqrt{S} = 510 Gev$, Milap Patel Jan 2018

Jet Longitudinal Double Spin Asymmetry In Phenix $P+P \Sqrt{S} = 510 Gev$, Milap Patel

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The longitudinal double-spin asymmetry

(A\textsubscript{LL}) in spin-polarized \emph{p+p} collisions provides insight into the gluon contribution to the proton's spin by accessing the gluon helicity distribution $\Delta$g. Prior PHENIX $\pi$\textsuperscript{0} and STAR jet A\textsubscript{LL} measurements show a non-zero asymmetries and hence indicate a nonzero $\Delta$g in an NLO analysis. The STAR measurements of jet A\_LL in $\surd$s = 200 and 510 GeV polarized p+p collisions provide the strongest constraints on $\Delta$g at intermediate to high \textit{x}. A measurement of the jet A\textsubscript{LL} at $\surd ...


Observation Of An Alternative Χ_{C0}(2p) Candidate In E^{+}E^{-}→J/Ψdd[Over ¯], K. Chilikin Et Al., D. Joffe, Ratnappuli L. Kulasiri Jun 2017

Observation Of An Alternative Χ_{C0}(2p) Candidate In E^{+}E^{-}→J/Ψdd[Over ¯], K. Chilikin Et Al., D. Joffe, Ratnappuli L. Kulasiri

Faculty Publications

We perform a full amplitude analysis of the process e+e−→J/ψD¯D, where D refers to either D0 or D+. A new charmoniumlike state X∗(3860) that decays to D¯D is observed with a significance of 6.5σ. Its mass is (3862+26−32 +40−13)  MeV/c2, and its width is (201+154−67 +88−82)  MeV. The JPC=0++ hypothesis is favored over the 2++ hypothesis at the level of 2.5σ. The analysis is based on the 980  fb−1 data sample collected by the Belle detector at the asymmetric-energy e+e− collider KEKB.


Measurement Of The Longitudinal Double-Spin Asymmetry For Neutral Pion Production In Polarized Proton Collisions At √S = 510 Gev, Taegyun Kim May 2017

Measurement Of The Longitudinal Double-Spin Asymmetry For Neutral Pion Production In Polarized Proton Collisions At √S = 510 Gev, Taegyun Kim

Physics & Astronomy Honors Papers

Beyond the valence quarks' spin contribution to the total spin of a proton, gluon and sea quark contributions are becoming clear as well. For proton+proton collisions at a center of mass energy of 510 GeV , neutral pion production is dominated by gluon-gluon and gluon-quark scattering. An avenue to constrain the gluon polarization is the asymmetry, ALL, in the production of neutral pions from collisions of longitudinally spin-polarized proton beams. Our experiment was performed with the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), unique for its ability to collide spin-polarized proton beams. The Endcap Electromagnetic Calorimeter (EEMC ...


Measurement Of The Cross Section And Longitudinal Double-Spin Asymmetry For Dijet Production In Polarized Pp Collisions At √S = 200 Gev, L. Adamczyk, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, N. N. Ajitanand, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, K. Barish, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran Apr 2017

Measurement Of The Cross Section And Longitudinal Double-Spin Asymmetry For Dijet Production In Polarized Pp Collisions At √S = 200 Gev, L. Adamczyk, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, N. N. Ajitanand, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, K. Barish, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We report the first measurement of the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry ALL for midrapidity dijet production in polarized pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy of √s = 200  GeV. The dijet cross section was measured and is shown to be consistent with next-to-leading order (NLO) perturbative QCD predictions. ALL results are presented for two distinct topologies, defined by the jet pseudorapidities, and are compared to predictions from several recent NLO global analyses. The measured asymmetries, the first such correlation measurements, support those analyses that find positive gluon polarization at the level of roughly 0.2 over the region of Bjorken- ...


Determination Of The Proton Spin Structure Functions For 0.05 < Q2 <5gev2 Using Clas, R. G. Fersch, N. Guler, P. Bosted, A. Deur, K. Griffioen, C. Keith, S E. Kuhn, R. Minehart, Y. Prok, K. P. Adhikari, S. Bültmann, S. Careccia, Gail Dodge, V. G. Lagerquist, L. B. Weinstein Jan 2017

Determination Of The Proton Spin Structure Functions For 0.05 2 2 Using Clas, R. G. Fersch, N. Guler, P. Bosted, A. Deur, K. Griffioen, C. Keith, S E. Kuhn, R. Minehart, Y. Prok, K. P. Adhikari, S. Bültmann, S. Careccia, Gail Dodge, V. G. Lagerquist, L. B. Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

We present the results of our final analysis of the full data set of gp1 Q2, the spin structure function of the proton, collected using CLAS at Jefferson Laboratory in 2000-2001. Polarized electrons with energies of 1.6, 2.5, 4.2, and 5.7 GeV were scattered from proton targets 15NH3 dynamically polarized along the beam direction) and detected with CLAS. From the measured double spin asymmetries, we extracted virtual photon asymmetries Ap1 and Ap2 and spin structure functions g p1 and gp2 over a wide kinematic ...


Measurements Of DN2 And AN1: Probing The Neutron Spin Structure, D. Flay, M. Posik, D. S. Parno, Kalyan C. Allada, W. R. Armstrong, T. Averett, F. Benmokhtar, W. Bertozzi, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, G. D. Cates, C. Chen, J. -P. Chen, S. Choi, E. Chudakov, F. Cusanno, M. M. Dalton, W. Deconinck, C. W. De Jager, X. Deng, A. Deur, Chiranjib Dutta, L. El Fassi, G. B. Franklin, M. Friend, H. Gao, F. Garibaldi, S. Gilad, R. Gilman, O. Glamazdin, Ameya Suresh Kolarkar, Wolfgang Korsch Sep 2016

Measurements Of DN2 And AN1: Probing The Neutron Spin Structure, D. Flay, M. Posik, D. S. Parno, Kalyan C. Allada, W. R. Armstrong, T. Averett, F. Benmokhtar, W. Bertozzi, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, G. D. Cates, C. Chen, J. -P. Chen, S. Choi, E. Chudakov, F. Cusanno, M. M. Dalton, W. Deconinck, C. W. De Jager, X. Deng, A. Deur, Chiranjib Dutta, L. El Fassi, G. B. Franklin, M. Friend, H. Gao, F. Garibaldi, S. Gilad, R. Gilman, O. Glamazdin, Ameya Suresh Kolarkar, Wolfgang Korsch

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We report on the results of the E06-014 experiment performed at Jefferson Lab in Hall A, where a precision measurement of the twist-3 matrix element d2 of the neutron (dn2) was conducted. The quantity dn2 represents the average color Lorentz force a struck quark experiences in a deep inelastic electron scattering event off a neutron due to its interaction with the hadronizing remnants. This color force was determined from a linear combination of the third moments of the 3He spin structure functions, g1 and g2, after nuclear corrections had been applied to ...


Measurement Of The Transverse Single-Spin Asymmetry In P+PW±/Z0 At Rhic, L. Adamczyk, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, I. Alekseev, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, A. Banerjee, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, I. Bunzarov, J. Butterworth, H. Caines, M. Calderón De La Barca Sánchez, J. M. Campbell, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran Apr 2016

Measurement Of The Transverse Single-Spin Asymmetry In P↑+P→W±/Z0 At Rhic, L. Adamczyk, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, I. Alekseev, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, A. Banerjee, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, I. Bunzarov, J. Butterworth, H. Caines, M. Calderón De La Barca Sánchez, J. M. Campbell, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We present the measurement of the transverse single-spin asymmetry of weak boson production in transversely polarized proton-proton collisions at √s = 500  GeV by the STAR experiment at RHIC. The measured observable is sensitive to the Sivers function, one of the transverse-momentum-dependent parton distribution functions, which is predicted to have the opposite sign in proton-proton collisions from that observed in deep inelastic lepton-proton scattering. These data provide the first experimental investigation of the nonuniversality of the Sivers function, fundamental to our understanding of QCD.


Non-Parametric Reconstruction Of An Inflaton Potential From Einstein–Cartan–Sciama–Kibble Gravity With Particle Production, Shantanu Desai, Nikodem Poplawski Feb 2016

Non-Parametric Reconstruction Of An Inflaton Potential From Einstein–Cartan–Sciama–Kibble Gravity With Particle Production, Shantanu Desai, Nikodem Poplawski

Physics Faculty Publications

The coupling between spin and torsion in the Einstein–Cartan–Sciama–Kibble theory of gravity generates gravitational repulsion at very high densities, which prevents a singularity in a black hole and may create there a new universe. We show that quantum particle production in such a universe near the last bounce, which represents the Big Bang, gives the dynamics that solves the horizon, flatness, and homogeneity problems in cosmology. For a particular range of the particle production coefficient, we obtain a nearly constant Hubble parameter that gives an exponential expansion of the universe with more than 60 e -folds, which ...


Tunneling Anisotropic Magnetoresistance In A Magnetic Tunnel Junction With Half-Metallic Electrodes, John D. Burton, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal Jan 2016

Tunneling Anisotropic Magnetoresistance In A Magnetic Tunnel Junction With Half-Metallic Electrodes, John D. Burton, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Tunneling anisotropic magnetoresistance (TAMR) is the difference in resistance of a magnetic tunnel junction due to a change in magnetization direction of one or both magnetic electrodes with respect to the flow of current. We present the results of first-principles density functional calculations of the TAMR effect in magnetic tunnel junctions with La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) electrodes and a SrTiO3 (STO) tunneling barrier. We find an ∼500% difference in resistance between magnetization in the plane and out of the plane. This large TAMR effect originates from the half-metallic nature of LSMO: When magnetization is ...


Observation Of Transverse Spin-Dependent Azimuthal Correlations Of Charged Pion Pairs In P+P At √S=200  Gev, James K. Adkins, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran, L. Adamczyk, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, I. Alekseev, J. Alford, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, G. S. Averichev Dec 2015

Observation Of Transverse Spin-Dependent Azimuthal Correlations Of Charged Pion Pairs In P↑+P At √S=200  Gev, James K. Adkins, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran, L. Adamczyk, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, I. Alekseev, J. Alford, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, G. S. Averichev

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We report the observation of transverse polarization-dependent azimuthal correlations in charged pion pair production with the STAR experiment in p+p collisions at RHIC. These correlations directly probe quark transversity distributions. We measure signals in excess of 5 standard deviations at high transverse momenta, at high pseudorapidities η>0.5, and for pair masses around the mass of the ρ meson. This is the first direct transversity measurement in p+p collisions.


Measurement Of The Target-Normal Single-Spin Asymmetry In Quasielastic Scattering From The Reaction 3He(E,E′ ), Chiranjib Dutta, Wolfgang Korsch, Y.-W. Zhang, E. Long, M. Mihovilovič, G. Jin, K. Allada, B. Anderson, J. R. M. Annand, T. Averett, C. Ayerbe-Gayoso, W. Boeglin Oct 2015

Measurement Of The Target-Normal Single-Spin Asymmetry In Quasielastic Scattering From The Reaction 3He↑(E,E′ ), Chiranjib Dutta, Wolfgang Korsch, Y.-W. Zhang, E. Long, M. Mihovilovič, G. Jin, K. Allada, B. Anderson, J. R. M. Annand, T. Averett, C. Ayerbe-Gayoso, W. Boeglin

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We report the first measurement of the target single-spin asymmetry, Ay, in quasielastic scattering from the inclusive reaction 3He(e,e′ ) on a 3He gas target polarized normal to the lepton scattering plane. Assuming time-reversal invariance, this asymmetry is strictly zero for one-photon exchange. A nonzero Ay can arise from the interference between the one- and two-photon exchange processes which is sensitive to the details of the substructure of the nucleon. An experiment recently completed at Jefferson Lab yielded asymmetries with high statistical precision at Q2=0.13, 0.46, and 0.97  GeV2 ...


Spin Nematics, Valence-Bond Solids, And Spin Liquids In So(N) Quantum Spin Models On The Triangular Lattice, Ribhu K. Kaul Oct 2015

Spin Nematics, Valence-Bond Solids, And Spin Liquids In So(N) Quantum Spin Models On The Triangular Lattice, Ribhu K. Kaul

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We introduce a simple model of SO(N) spins with two-site interactions which is amenable to quantum Monte Carlo studies without a sign problem on nonbipartite lattices. We present numerical results for this model on the two-dimensional triangular lattice where we find evidence for a spin nematic at small N, a valence-bond solid at large N, and a quantum spin liquid at intermediate N. By the introduction of a sign-free four-site interaction, we uncover a rich phase diagram with evidence for both first-order and exotic continuous phase transitions.


Rényi Entanglement Entropy Of Critical Su(N) Spin Chains, Jonathan D'Emidio, Matthew S. Block, Ribhu K. Kaul Aug 2015

Rényi Entanglement Entropy Of Critical Su(N) Spin Chains, Jonathan D'Emidio, Matthew S. Block, Ribhu K. Kaul

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We present a study of the scaling behavior of the Rényi entanglement entropy (REE) in SU(N) spin chain Hamiltonians, in which all of the spins transform under the fundamental representation. These SU(N) spin chains are known to be quantum critical and described by a well known Wess-Zumino-Witten (WZW) nonlinear sigma model in the continuum limit. Numerical results from our lattice Hamiltonian are obtained using stochastic series expansion quantum Monte Carlo for both closed and open boundary conditions. As expected for this 1D critical system, the REE shows a logarithmic dependence on the subsystem size with a prefactor given ...


Effect Of Seam-Height On Curveballs, Joseph S. Carroll May 2015

Effect Of Seam-Height On Curveballs, Joseph S. Carroll

Senior Theses

The difference in seam-height between raised and flat-seam baseballs causes them to react differently when thrown by a pitcher. Altering the seam-height on the ball changes the amount of drag force on it as it travels through the air. The goal of this experiment is to measure the difference in vertical deflection between the two types of balls when pitched with curveball topspin. It was discovered that the baseball with raised-seams experiences more vertical deflection than the flat-seam ball.


Phenomenology Of N- Oscillations Revisited, Susan Gardner, Ehsan Jafari May 2015

Phenomenology Of N-N̄ Oscillations Revisited, Susan Gardner, Ehsan Jafari

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We revisit the phenomenology of n−n̄ oscillations in the presence of external magnetic fields, highlighting the role of spin. We show, contrary to long-held belief, that the n−n̄ transition rate need not be suppressed, opening new opportunities for its empirical study.


E00-110 Experiment At Jefferson Lab Hall A: Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering Off The Proton At 6 Gev, M. Defurne, M. Amaryan, K. A. Aniol, M. Beaumel, H. Benaoum, P. Bertin, C. E. Hyde, P.E. Ulmer, Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration Jan 2015

E00-110 Experiment At Jefferson Lab Hall A: Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering Off The Proton At 6 Gev, M. Defurne, M. Amaryan, K. A. Aniol, M. Beaumel, H. Benaoum, P. Bertin, C. E. Hyde, P.E. Ulmer, Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

We present final results on the photon electroproduction (e p → epγ) cross section in the deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) regime and the valence quark region from Jefferson Lab experiment E00-110. Results from an analysis of a subset of these data were published before, but the analysis has been improved, which is described here at length, together with details on the experimental setup. Furthermore, additional data have been analyzed, resulting in photon electroproduction cross sections at new kinematic settings for a total of 588 experimental bins. Results of the Q2 and xB dependencies of both the helicity-dependent and ...


Weak Values Obtained In Matter-Wave Interferometry, Stephan Sponar, Tobias Denkmayr, Hermann Geppert, Hartmutt Lemmel, Alexandre Matzkin, Jeff Tollaksen, Yuji Hasegawa Jan 2015

Weak Values Obtained In Matter-Wave Interferometry, Stephan Sponar, Tobias Denkmayr, Hermann Geppert, Hartmutt Lemmel, Alexandre Matzkin, Jeff Tollaksen, Yuji Hasegawa

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Weak values, introduced more than 25 years ago, underwent a metamorphosis from a theoretical curiosity to a powerful resource in photonics for exploring foundations of quantum mechanics, as well as a practical laboratory tool. Due to the tiny coherence volume of particles used in matter-wave optics, a straightforward implementation of weak measurements is not feasible. We have overcome this hurdle by developing a method to weakly measure a massive particle's spin component. A neutron optical approach is realized by utilizing neutron interferometry, where the neutron's spin is coupled weakly to its spatial degree of freedom. Here, we present ...


Collective Edge Modes Near The Onset Of A Graphene Quantum Spin Hall State, Gunpathy Murthy, Efrat Shimshoni, H. A. Fertig Dec 2014

Collective Edge Modes Near The Onset Of A Graphene Quantum Spin Hall State, Gunpathy Murthy, Efrat Shimshoni, H. A. Fertig

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Graphene subject to a strong, tilted magnetic field exhibits an insulator-metal transition tunable by tilt angle, attributed to the transition from a canted antiferromagnetic (CAF) to a ferromagnetic (FM) bulk state at filling factor ν=0. We develop a theoretical description for the spin and valley edge textures in the two phases, and the implied evolution in the nature of edge modes through the transition. In particular, we show that the CAF has gapless neutral modes in the bulk, but supports gapped charged edge modes. At the transition to the FM state the charged edge modes become gapless and are ...


Particle Moment Canting In Cofe2o4 Nanoparticles, K. Hasz, Yumi Ijiri, Kathryn L. Krycka, Julie A. Borchers, R. A. Booth, S. Oberdick, S. A. Majetich Nov 2014

Particle Moment Canting In Cofe2o4 Nanoparticles, K. Hasz, Yumi Ijiri, Kathryn L. Krycka, Julie A. Borchers, R. A. Booth, S. Oberdick, S. A. Majetich

Faculty & Staff Scholarship

Polarization-analyzed small-angle neutron scattering methods are used to determine the spin morphology in high crystalline anisotropy, 11 nm diameter CoFe2O4 nanoparticle assemblies with randomly oriented easy axes. In moderate to high magnetic fields, the nanoparticles adopt a uniformly canted structure, rather than forming domains, shells, or other arrangements. The observed canting angles agree quantitatively with those predicted from an energy model dominated by Zeeman and anisotropy competition, with implications for the technological use of such nanoparticles.


Measurement Of Longitudinal Spin Asymmetries For Weak Boson Production In Polarized Proton-Proton Collisions At Rhic, J. Kevin Adkins, Renee Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran, G. Webb, L. Adamczyk, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, I. Alekseev, J. Alford, C. D. Anson, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer Aug 2014

Measurement Of Longitudinal Spin Asymmetries For Weak Boson Production In Polarized Proton-Proton Collisions At Rhic, J. Kevin Adkins, Renee Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran, G. Webb, L. Adamczyk, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, I. Alekseev, J. Alford, C. D. Anson, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We report measurements of single- and double-spin asymmetries for W± and Z/γ boson production in longitudinally polarized p+p collisions at √S=510  GeV by the STAR experiment at RHIC. The asymmetries for W± were measured as a function of the decay lepton pseudorapidity, which provides a theoretically clean probe of the proton’s polarized quark distributions at the scale of the W mass. The results are compared to theoretical predictions, constrained by polarized deep inelastic scattering measurements, and show a preference for a sizable, positive up antiquark polarization in the range 0.05<x<0.2.


A Novel Approach To Central-Jet Forward-Hadron Correlations In Proton-Proton Collisions At 200 Gev At The Phenix Experiment, Joshua Paul Perry Jan 2014

A Novel Approach To Central-Jet Forward-Hadron Correlations In Proton-Proton Collisions At 200 Gev At The Phenix Experiment, Joshua Paul Perry

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The results of Semi-Inclusive Deep Inelastic Scattering and Deep Inelastic Scattering experiments combined in a global analysis have shown us that a transversely polarized quark undergoes an azimuthal spatially-biased neutral pion fragmentation. One goal of the PHENIX experiment at RHIC is to study similar properties in a hadron-hadron collision environment in an attempt to show the degree to which universality is broken between these differing systems as well as the relative contribution of competing processes to the observed single spin asymmetries. A novel measurement method was formulated specifically for the PHENIX experiment's detector configuration. The method and results are ...


Quantum Cheshire Cats, Yakir Aharonov, Sandu Popescu, Daniel Rohrlich, Paul Skrzypczyk Jan 2013

Quantum Cheshire Cats, Yakir Aharonov, Sandu Popescu, Daniel Rohrlich, Paul Skrzypczyk

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

In this paper we present a quantum Cheshire Cat. In a pre- and post-selected experiment we find the Cat in one place, and its grin in another. The Cat is a photon, while the grin is its circular polarization.


Understanding Hard Interaction In Qcd And The Search For The Gluon Spin Contribution To The Spin Of The Proton, Amaresh Datta May 2012

Understanding Hard Interaction In Qcd And The Search For The Gluon Spin Contribution To The Spin Of The Proton, Amaresh Datta

Open Access Dissertations

In the following discourse unpolarized cross sections and double helicity asymmetries of single inclusive positive and negative charged hadrons at mid-rapidity from p + p collisions at p s = 62:4 GeV are presented. Measurements for the transverse momentum range 1:0 < pT < 4:5 GeV/c are done with PHENIX detector at Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) and are consistent with calculations based on perturbative quantum chromodynamics (pQCD) at next-to-leading order (NLO) in the strong coupling constant, s. Resummed pQCD calculations including terms with next-to-leading log (NLL) accuracy, yielding reduced theoretical uncertainties, also agree with the data. The double helicity asymmetry, sensitive at leading order to the gluon polarization in a momentum fraction range of 0:05


Transient Spin Structures At The Antifero-To-Paramagnetic Phase Boundary Of Febr2, Christian Binek Mar 2012

Transient Spin Structures At The Antifero-To-Paramagnetic Phase Boundary Of Febr2, Christian Binek

Christian Binek

Excess magnetization and anomalous susceptibility loss is observed on antiferromagnetic FeBr2 in an axial field H below and above its H-T-phase boundary between the multicritical temperature (Tm = 4.6 K) and the Néel temperature (TN = 14.1 K). These and other unusual properties of FeBr2 are attributed to frustration-induced intraplanar non-critical spin fluctuations, which can be simulated within the framework of a triaxial version of the 2D-ANNNI model.