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Polarization

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Quantifying Complex Systems Via Computational Fly Swarms, Troy Taylor May 2019

Quantifying Complex Systems Via Computational Fly Swarms, Troy Taylor

Senior Theses

Complexity is prevalent both in natural and in human-made systems, yet is not well understood quantitatively. Qualitatively, complexity describes a phenomena in which a system composed of individual pieces, each having simple interactions with one another, results in interesting bulk properties that would otherwise not exist. One example of a complex biological system is the bird flock, in particular, a starling murmuration. Starlings are known to move in the direction of their neighbors and avoid collisions with fellow starlings, but as a result of these simple movement choices, the flock as a whole tends to exhibit fluid-like movements and form ...


Ferroelectric Polarization Control Of Magnetic Anisotropy In Pbzr0.2ti0.8o3/La0.8sr0.2mno3 Heterostructures, Anil Rajapitamahuni, L. L. Tao, Y. Hao, Jingfeng Song, Xiaoshan Xu, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Xia Hong Feb 2019

Ferroelectric Polarization Control Of Magnetic Anisotropy In Pbzr0.2ti0.8o3/La0.8sr0.2mno3 Heterostructures, Anil Rajapitamahuni, L. L. Tao, Y. Hao, Jingfeng Song, Xiaoshan Xu, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Xia Hong

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

The interfacial coupling between the switchable polarization and neighboring magnetic order makes ferroelectric/ferromagnetic composite structures a versatile platform to realize voltage control of magnetic anisotropy. We report the nonvolatile ferroelectric field effect modulation of the magnetocrystalline anisotropy (MCA) in epitaxial PbZr0.2Ti0.8O3 (PZT)/La0.8Sr0.2MnO3 (LSMO) heterostructures grown on (001) SrTiO3 substrates. Planar Hall effect measurements show that the in-plane magnetic anisotropy energy in LSMO is enhanced by about 22% in the hole accumulation state compared to the depletion state, in quantitative agreement with our first-principles ...


Polarization Analysis Of P̄ Produced In Pa Collisions, D. Grzonka, D. Alfs, A. Asaturyan, M. Carmignotto, M. Diermaier, W. Eyrich, B. Glowacz, F. Hauenstein, T. Horn, K. Kilian Jan 2019

Polarization Analysis Of P̄ Produced In Pa Collisions, D. Grzonka, D. Alfs, A. Asaturyan, M. Carmignotto, M. Diermaier, W. Eyrich, B. Glowacz, F. Hauenstein, T. Horn, K. Kilian

Physics Faculty Publications

A quite simple procedure for the generation of a polarized antiproton beam could be worked out if antiprotons are produced with some polarization. In order to investigate this possibility measurements of the polarization of produced antiprotons have been started at a CERN/PS test beam. The polarization will be determined from the asymmetry of the elastic antiproton scattering at a liquid hydrogen target in the CNI region for which the analyzing power is well known. The data are under analysis and an additional measurement is done in 2018. Details on the experiment and the ongoing data analysis will be given.


Beam-Target Helicity Asymmetry E In K0Λ And K0Σ0 Photoproduction On The Neutron, D. H. Ho, R. A. Schumacher, A. D’Angelo, A. Deur, J. Fleming, C. Hanretty, T. Kageya, F. J. Klein, E. Klempt, M. M. Lowry, H. Lu, V. A. Nikonov, P. Peng, A. M. Sandorfi, A. V. Sarantsev, I. I. Strakovsky, N. K. Walford, X. Wei, R. L. Workman, K. P. Adhikari, S. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, Z. Akbar, J. Ball, L. Barion, M. Bashkanov, C. D. Bass, M. Battaglieri, I. Bedlinskiy, A. S. Biselli, Wesley P. Gohn Oct 2018

Beam-Target Helicity Asymmetry E In K0Λ And K0Σ0 Photoproduction On The Neutron, D. H. Ho, R. A. Schumacher, A. D’Angelo, A. Deur, J. Fleming, C. Hanretty, T. Kageya, F. J. Klein, E. Klempt, M. M. Lowry, H. Lu, V. A. Nikonov, P. Peng, A. M. Sandorfi, A. V. Sarantsev, I. I. Strakovsky, N. K. Walford, X. Wei, R. L. Workman, K. P. Adhikari, S. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, Z. Akbar, J. Ball, L. Barion, M. Bashkanov, C. D. Bass, M. Battaglieri, I. Bedlinskiy, A. S. Biselli, Wesley P. Gohn

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We report the first measurements of the E beam-target helicity asymmetry for the γ nK0Λ and K0Σ0 channels in the energy range 1.70 ≤ W ≤ 2.34 GeV. The CLAS system at Jefferson Lab uses a circularly polarized photon beam and a target consisting of longitudinally polarized solid molecular hydrogen deuteride with low background contamination for the measurements. The multivariate analysis method boosted decision trees is used to isolate the reactions of interest. Comparisons with predictions from the KaonMAID, SAID, and Bonn-Gatchina models are presented. These results will help separate the isospin I = 0 ...


Real-Time Observation Of Molecular Spinning With Angular High-Harmonic Spectroscopy, Lixin He, Pengfei Lan, Anh-Thu Le, Baoning Wang, Bincheng Wang, Xiaosong Zhu, Peixiang Lu, C. D. Lin Oct 2018

Real-Time Observation Of Molecular Spinning With Angular High-Harmonic Spectroscopy, Lixin He, Pengfei Lan, Anh-Thu Le, Baoning Wang, Bincheng Wang, Xiaosong Zhu, Peixiang Lu, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We demonstrate an angular high-harmonic spectroscopy method to probe the spinning dynamics of a molecular rotation wave packet in real time. With the excitation of two time-delayed, polarization-skewed pump pulses, the molecular ensemble is impulsively kicked to rotate unidirectionally, which is subsequently irradiated by another delayed probe pulse for high-order harmonic generation (HHG). The spatiotemporal evolution of the molecular rotation wave packet is visualized from the time-dependent angular distributions of the HHG yields and frequency shift measured at various polarization directions and time delays of the probe pulse. The observed frequency shift in HHG is demonstrated to arise from the ...


Longitudinal Double-Spin Asymmetries For Dijet Production At Intermediate Pseudorapidity In Polarized Pp Collisions At √S = 200 Gev, J. Adam, L. Adamczyk, J. R. Adams, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, N. N. Ajitanand, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, F. Atetalla, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, K. Barish, A. J. Bassill, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran Aug 2018

Longitudinal Double-Spin Asymmetries For Dijet Production At Intermediate Pseudorapidity In Polarized Pp Collisions At √S = 200 Gev, J. Adam, L. Adamczyk, J. R. Adams, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, N. N. Ajitanand, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, F. Atetalla, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, K. Barish, A. J. Bassill, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We present the first measurements of the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry ALL for dijets with at least one jet reconstructed within the pseudorapidity range 0.8 < η < 1.8. The dijets were measured in polarized pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy √s = 200  GeV. Values for ALL are determined for several distinct event topologies, defined by the jet pseudorapidities, and span a range of parton momentum fraction x down to x ∼ 0.01. The measured asymmetries are found to be consistent with the predictions of global analyses that incorporate the results of previous RHIC measurements. They will provide new constraints on Δg(x) in this poorly constrained region when included in future global ...


First Measurement Of Ξ− Polarization In Photoproduction, J. Bono, L. Guo, K. P. Adhikari, M. J. Amaryan, G. Charles, G. Gavalian, M. Khachatryan, A. Klein, Y. Prok, J. Zhang, Z. W. Zhao Aug 2018

First Measurement Of Ξ− Polarization In Photoproduction, J. Bono, L. Guo, K. P. Adhikari, M. J. Amaryan, G. Charles, G. Gavalian, M. Khachatryan, A. Klein, Y. Prok, J. Zhang, Z. W. Zhao

Physics Faculty Publications

Despite decades of studies of the photoproduction of hyperons, both their production mechanisms and their spectra of excited states are still largely unknown. While the parity-violating weak decay of hyperons offers a means of measuring their polarization, which could help discern their production mechanisms and identify their excitation spectra, no such study has been possible for doubly strange baryons in photoproduction, due to low production cross sections. However, by making use of the reaction γ p → K+K+Ξ−, we have measured, for the first time, the induced polarization, P, and the transferred polarization from circularly polarized real photons, characterized ...


Search For Tensor, Vector, And Scalar Polarizations In The Stochastic Gravitational-Wave Background, Benjamin P. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website. May 2018

Search For Tensor, Vector, And Scalar Polarizations In The Stochastic Gravitational-Wave Background, Benjamin P. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website.

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The detection of gravitational waves with Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo has enabled novel tests of general relativity, including direct study of the polarization of gravitational waves. While general relativity allows for only two tensor gravitational-wave polarizations, general metric theories can additionally predict two vector and two scalar polarizations. The polarization of gravitational waves is encoded in the spectral shape of the stochastic gravitational-wave background, formed by the superposition of cosmological and individually unresolved astrophysical sources. Using data recorded by Advanced LIGO during its first observing run, we search for a stochastic background of generically polarized gravitational waves. We find ...


Angular Analysis Of The E + E − → Dðþd∓ Process Near The Open Charm Threshold Using Initial-State Radiation, V. Zhukova Et Al., Ratnappuli L. Kulasiri Jan 2018

Angular Analysis Of The E + E − → Dðþd∓ Process Near The Open Charm Threshold Using Initial-State Radiation, V. Zhukova Et Al., Ratnappuli L. Kulasiri

Faculty Publications

We report a new measurement of the exclusive e+e−→D(*)±D*∓ cross sections as a function of the center-of-mass energy from the D(*)±D*∓ threshold through √s=6.0  GeV, using the initial-state radiation technique. The analysis is based on a data sample collected with the Belle detector with an integrated luminosity of 951  fb−1. The accuracy of the cross section measurement is increased by a factor of 2 over the first Belle study. We perform the first angular analysis of the e+e−→D*±D*∓process and decompose this exclusive cross section into three components corresponding to ...


Outer Space And Fourier Space: Understanding Foregrounds For Neutral Hydrogen Epoch Of Reionization Measurements, Saul Aryeh Kohn Jan 2018

Outer Space And Fourier Space: Understanding Foregrounds For Neutral Hydrogen Epoch Of Reionization Measurements, Saul Aryeh Kohn

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The Epoch of Reionization (EoR) was a cosmic phase transition from a neutral to an ionized state. The first generation of luminous objects were able to heat and ionize their surrounding media, predominantly clouds of neutral hydrogen. Detection of brightness temperature fluctuations from the redshifted hyperfine 21cm line of neutral hydrogen would provide a direct, inherently three-dimensional probe of astrophysics and cosmology during this transformational stage of cosmic history.

Foreground power dominates the measurements of interferometers that seek a statistical detection of the EoR. The inherent spectral smoothness of synchrotron radiation -- the dominant foreground emission mechanism -- the chromaticity of the ...


Polarization Dependent Angle Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy For The Determination Of Intrinsic Material Symmetries, Thomas J. Nummy Jan 2018

Polarization Dependent Angle Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy For The Determination Of Intrinsic Material Symmetries, Thomas J. Nummy

Physics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

In this thesis I investigate the utility of the polarization and angle dependence of the photoemission matrix element in angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). This technique is capable of determining internal symmetries of the electronic wave functions in crystalline solids and has been historically underutilized in the ARPES community. In Chapter 1, I introduce the ARPES technique, the established theory and models behind it, and the experimental considerations in performing the technique. It is my personal belief that the fastest way to build intuition for complex physical phenomena is through simulation, and a good portion of graduate school career was ...


First Search For Nontensorial Gravitational Waves From Known Pulsars, Benjamin P. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website. Jan 2018

First Search For Nontensorial Gravitational Waves From Known Pulsars, Benjamin P. Abbott, Marco Cavaglia, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website.

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present results from the first directed search for nontensorial gravitational waves. While general relativity allows for tensorial (plus and cross) modes only, a generic metric theory may, in principle, predict waves with up to six different polarizations. This analysis is sensitive to continuous signals of scalar, vector, or tensor polarizations, and does not rely on any specific theory of gravity. After searching data from the first observation run of the advanced LIGO detectors for signals at twice the rotational frequency of 200 known pulsars, we find no evidence of gravitational waves of any polarization. We report the first upper ...


Optical Imaging In Scattering Medium Using Supercontinuum Laser And The Effects Of Polarization, Qing Chao Apr 2017

Optical Imaging In Scattering Medium Using Supercontinuum Laser And The Effects Of Polarization, Qing Chao

Electrical, Computer & Energy Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

As optical imaging in scattering medium is emerging as a promising imaging modality, several challenges arise against deeper imaging due to the multiple-scattering caused by the inhomogeneous distribution of refractive index. To obtain high quality images through active structured light illumination and polarization imaging, an polarized, tunable and intense broadband light source is highly desirable to perform coherence gating for enhancing ballistic photons in a highly scattering medium. This thesis describes the challenges of optical imaging, polarization imaging in scattering medium, the experimental investigations of a dynamic structured illumination microscope (DSIM), and the development of a versatile broadband supercontinuum light ...


Designer Metasurfaces For On Demand Optical Responses, Matthew S. Lepain Jan 2017

Designer Metasurfaces For On Demand Optical Responses, Matthew S. Lepain

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Nanostructured materials are one of the leading areas in photonics currently. These structures offer almost limitless possibilities in the manipulation of light. Using two different semi-analytical simulation methods, I show a few of the possible properties that these nanostructures possess, including polarization rotation and coupling with electronics.


Measurements Of DN2 And AN1: Probing The Neutron Spin Structure, D. Flay, M. Posik, D. S. Parno, Kalyan C. Allada, W. R. Armstrong, T. Averett, F. Benmokhtar, W. Bertozzi, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, G. D. Cates, C. Chen, J. -P. Chen, S. Choi, E. Chudakov, F. Cusanno, M. M. Dalton, W. Deconinck, C. W. De Jager, X. Deng, A. Deur, Chiranjib Dutta, L. El Fassi, G. B. Franklin, M. Friend, H. Gao, F. Garibaldi, S. Gilad, R. Gilman, O. Glamazdin, Ameya Suresh Kolarkar, Wolfgang Korsch Sep 2016

Measurements Of DN2 And AN1: Probing The Neutron Spin Structure, D. Flay, M. Posik, D. S. Parno, Kalyan C. Allada, W. R. Armstrong, T. Averett, F. Benmokhtar, W. Bertozzi, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, G. D. Cates, C. Chen, J. -P. Chen, S. Choi, E. Chudakov, F. Cusanno, M. M. Dalton, W. Deconinck, C. W. De Jager, X. Deng, A. Deur, Chiranjib Dutta, L. El Fassi, G. B. Franklin, M. Friend, H. Gao, F. Garibaldi, S. Gilad, R. Gilman, O. Glamazdin, Ameya Suresh Kolarkar, Wolfgang Korsch

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We report on the results of the E06-014 experiment performed at Jefferson Lab in Hall A, where a precision measurement of the twist-3 matrix element d2 of the neutron (dn2) was conducted. The quantity dn2 represents the average color Lorentz force a struck quark experiences in a deep inelastic electron scattering event off a neutron due to its interaction with the hadronizing remnants. This color force was determined from a linear combination of the third moments of the 3He spin structure functions, g1 and g2, after nuclear corrections had been applied to ...


Beyond Conventional C-Plane Gan-Based Light Emitting Diodes: A Systematic Exploration Of Leds On Semi-Polar Orientations, Morteza Monavarian Jan 2016

Beyond Conventional C-Plane Gan-Based Light Emitting Diodes: A Systematic Exploration Of Leds On Semi-Polar Orientations, Morteza Monavarian

Theses and Dissertations

Despite enormous efforts and investments, the efficiency of InGaN-based green and yellow-green light emitters remains relatively low, and that limits progress in developing full color display, laser diodes, and bright light sources for general lighting. The low efficiency of light emitting devices in the green-to-yellow spectral range, also known as the “Green Gap”, is considered a global concern in the LED industry. The polar c-plane orientation of GaN, which is the mainstay in the LED industry, suffers from polarization-induced separation of electrons and hole wavefunctions (also known as the “quantum confined Stark effect”) and low indium incorporation efficiency that ...


Calculating The Observable Properties Of Mass Accreting Black Holes, Heather Lee Jan 2016

Calculating The Observable Properties Of Mass Accreting Black Holes, Heather Lee

Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters

My goal is to generalize Chandrasekhar’s formulas to include partial Rayleigh Scattering. In my summer research, I successfully recalculated key tables and solutions from his book and I am working in generalizing his results for use in an infinitely deep electron atmosphere. Here, I will summarize how Chandrasekhar derived his formulas and how to potentially generalize them to include absorption.


Laser Pulsing In Linear Compton Scattering, G. A. Krafft, E. Johnson, K. Deitrick, B. Terzić, R. Kelmar, T. Hodges, J. R. Delayen Jan 2016

Laser Pulsing In Linear Compton Scattering, G. A. Krafft, E. Johnson, K. Deitrick, B. Terzić, R. Kelmar, T. Hodges, J. R. Delayen

Physics Faculty Publications

Previous work on calculating energy spectra from Compton scattering events has either neglected considering the pulsed structure of the incident laser beam, or has calculated these effects in an approximate way subject to criticism. In this paper, this problem has been reconsidered within a linear plane wave model for the incident laser beam. By performing the proper Lorentz transformation of the Klein-Nishina scattering cross section, a spectrum calculation can be created which allows the electron beam energy spread and emittance effects on the spectrum to be accurately calculated, essentially by summing over the emission of each individual electron. Such an ...


Polarization Dependent Switching Of Asymmetric Nanorings With A Circular Field, Nihar R. Pradhan, Mark T. Tuominen, Katherine E. Aidala Jan 2016

Polarization Dependent Switching Of Asymmetric Nanorings With A Circular Field, Nihar R. Pradhan, Mark T. Tuominen, Katherine E. Aidala

Physics Department Faculty Publication Series

We experimentally investigated the switching from onion to vortex states in asymmetric cobalt nanorings by an applied circular field. An in-plane field is applied along the symmetric or asymmetric axis of the ring to establish domain walls (DWs) with symmetric or asymmetric polarization. A circular field is then applied to switch from the onion state to the vortex state, moving the DWs in the process. The asymmetry of the ring leads to different switching fields depending on the location of the DWs and direction of applied field. For polarization along the asymmetric axis, the field required to move the DWs ...


Polarization Charge Density In Strained Graphene, Noah Wilson Jan 2016

Polarization Charge Density In Strained Graphene, Noah Wilson

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

Graphene, the world's first truly two-dimensional material, is unique for having an electronic structure described by an effective Lorentz invariant theory. One important consequence is that the ratio or Coulomb energy to kinetic energy is a constant, depending only on conditions within the lattice rather than on the average charge density as in a typical Galilean invariant material. Given this unusual property, a natural question would be how do phenomena, such as screening of a Coulomb impurity, happen in graphene? Moreover, how does the addition of uniaxial strain enhance or diminish this behavior? Here I discuss our work to ...


Modification Of The Fundamental Properties Of Light Through Interaction With Nanostructured Materials, David W. Keene Ii Jan 2016

Modification Of The Fundamental Properties Of Light Through Interaction With Nanostructured Materials, David W. Keene Ii

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The field of photonics has been growing rapidly over the last few decades as it has endeavored to harness the potential of nanostructured materials to utilize the energy and momentum of electromagnetic radiation on the nanoscale. Using metal nanostructures provides the ability to take advantage of the sub-field of plasmonics which holds the promise of opening the world to vast increases in computational power by circumventing the limitations of conventional current that plague today’s processors. With a thorough understanding of this subject we also get one step closer to increasing the efficiency of solar technology, developing a finer scale ...


Superfluorescence Polarization: Signature Of Collisional Redistribution, A. Kumarakrishnan, S. Chudasama, Xianming Han Oct 2015

Superfluorescence Polarization: Signature Of Collisional Redistribution, A. Kumarakrishnan, S. Chudasama, Xianming Han

Xianming Han

We have studied effects of magnetic sublevel degeneracy on the polarization of superfluorescent pulses generated on the Ca 4s4p1P1–3d4s1D2 transition at 5.5μm. These pulses were generated from a cell of length 50 cm by optically pumping calcium vapor on the 4s21S0–4s4p1P1 transition in the presence of Ar gas. The axis of ellipticity of superfluorescence (SF) polarization is oriented parallel to the axis of the pump-laser polarization at large detunings, and undergoes an abrupt rotation through 90° for detunings close to resonance. The distribution of populations in the magnetic sublevels of the 1P1 state can be estimated using ...


The Effects Of Strain And Vacancies On The Electric And Vibrational Properties Of Ferroelectric Batio3 From First-Principles, Aldo Serge Michael Raeliarijaona Jul 2015

The Effects Of Strain And Vacancies On The Electric And Vibrational Properties Of Ferroelectric Batio3 From First-Principles, Aldo Serge Michael Raeliarijaona

Theses and Dissertations

The studies of ferroelectricity (FE) are of technological significance because of the multitude of applicable properties that ferroelectric materials exhibit. The mastery, and control of these properties necessitate the knowledge of the fundamental physics governing these insulating materials.

In this dissertation I present the results of first-principles investigations of the behavior of the fundamental ferroelectric properties under strain, and in the presence of vacancies. In the first part I introduce the important FE properties, their common behavior, and their numerous valuable applications. Following this background on FEs, a review of theoretical methods is presented with topics such as: Density Functional ...


Room Temperature Optical Anisotropy Of A Lamno3 Thin-Film Induced By Ultra-Short Pulse Laser, Purevdorj Munkhbaatar, Zsolt Marton, Baatarchuluun Tsermaa, Woo Seok Choi, Sung S. Ambrose Seo, Jin Seung Kim, Naoyuki Nakagawa, Harold Y. Hwang, Ho Nyung Lee, Kim Myung-Whun Mar 2015

Room Temperature Optical Anisotropy Of A Lamno3 Thin-Film Induced By Ultra-Short Pulse Laser, Purevdorj Munkhbaatar, Zsolt Marton, Baatarchuluun Tsermaa, Woo Seok Choi, Sung S. Ambrose Seo, Jin Seung Kim, Naoyuki Nakagawa, Harold Y. Hwang, Ho Nyung Lee, Kim Myung-Whun

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We observed ultra-short laser pulse-induced transient optical anisotropy in a LaMnO3 thin film. The anisotropy was induced by laser pulse irradiation with a fluence of less than 0.1 mJ/cm2 at room temperature. The transmittance and reflectance showed strong dependence on the polarization states of the pulses. For parallel and perpendicular polarization states, there exists a difference of approximately 0.2% for transmittance and 0.05% for reflectance at 0.3 ps after the irradiation with a pump pulse, respectively. The theoretical values for optical transmittance and reflectance with an assumption of an orbital ordering of 3 ...


Gravitational Correction To Vacuum Polarization, Ulrich D. Jentschura Feb 2015

Gravitational Correction To Vacuum Polarization, Ulrich D. Jentschura

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We consider the gravitational correction to (electronic) vacuum polarization in the presence of a gravitational background field. The Dirac propagators for the virtual fermions are modified to include the leading gravitational correction (potential term) which corresponds to a coordinate-dependent fermion mass. The mass term is assumed to be uniform over a length scale commensurate with the virtual electron-positron pair. The on-mass shell renormalization condition ensures that the gravitational correction vanishes on the mass shell of the photon, i.e., the speed of light is unaffected by the quantum field theoretical loop correction, in full agreement with the equivalence principle. Nontrivial ...


Electric Control Of Spin Injection Into A Ferroelectric Semiconductor, Xiaohui Liu, John D. Burton, M. Ye. Zhuravlev, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal Jan 2015

Electric Control Of Spin Injection Into A Ferroelectric Semiconductor, Xiaohui Liu, John D. Burton, M. Ye. Zhuravlev, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Electric-field control of spin-dependent properties has become one of the most attractive phenomena in modern materials research due to the promise of new device functionalities. One of the paradigms in this approach is to electrically toggle the spin polarization of carriers injected into a semiconductor using ferroelectric polarization as a control parameter. Using first-principles density-functional calculations, we explore the effect of ferroelectric polarization of electron-doped BaTiO3 (n-BaTiO3) on the spin-polarized transmission across the SrRuO3/n-BaTiO3(001) interface. Our study reveals that, in this system, the interface transmission is negatively spin polarized and that ferroelectric ...


Constructing The Quantum Steering Ellipsoid Using State Measurement Of Biphotons, Carter Vanderbilt Jan 2015

Constructing The Quantum Steering Ellipsoid Using State Measurement Of Biphotons, Carter Vanderbilt

Senior Projects Spring 2015

This paper investigates a recently discovered geometric representation of two-qubit states, the Quantum Steering Ellipsoid, by exploring quantum state measurements on mixtures of polarization-entangled photons produced using spontaneous parametric down conversion (SPDC). Measurements of the second photon of a mixed biphoton system that are conditioned on observations of the first photon demonstrate all possible Bloch Vectors that the second photon can be collapsed to by way of ''steering,'' which is only possible due to the nonlocal nature of entangled systems. This paper examines methods to experimentally verify the Quantum Steering Ellipsoid as a geometric classification of quantum states.


Peppo: Using A Polarized Electron Beam To Produce Polarized Positrons, A. Adeyemi, G.L Gueye, P.A. Adderly, M. L. Stutzman, M. M. Ali, H. Areti, J. F. Benesch, L. S. Cardman, J. Clark, S. Covert, S. Golge, C. Hyde Jan 2015

Peppo: Using A Polarized Electron Beam To Produce Polarized Positrons, A. Adeyemi, G.L Gueye, P.A. Adderly, M. L. Stutzman, M. M. Ali, H. Areti, J. F. Benesch, L. S. Cardman, J. Clark, S. Covert, S. Golge, C. Hyde

Physics Faculty Publications

An experiment demonstrating a new method for producing polarized positrons has been performed at the CEBAF accelerator at Jefferson Laboratory. The PEPPo (Polarized Electrons for Polarized Positrons) concept relies on the production of polarized e+/e pairs originating from the bremsstrahlung radiation of a longitudinally polarized electron beam interacting within a 1.0 mm tungsten pair-production target. This paper describes preliminary results of measurements using an 8.2 MeV/c electron beam with polarization 84% to generate positrons in the range of 3.1 to 6.2 MeV/c with polarization as high as ∼80%.


One-Loop Dominance In The Imaginary Part Of The Polarizability: Application To Blackbody And Noncontact Van Der Waals Friction, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Grzegorz Lach, Maarten Dekieviet, Krzysztof Pachucki Jan 2015

One-Loop Dominance In The Imaginary Part Of The Polarizability: Application To Blackbody And Noncontact Van Der Waals Friction, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Grzegorz Lach, Maarten Dekieviet, Krzysztof Pachucki

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Phenomenologically important quantum dissipative processes include blackbody friction (an atom absorbs counterpropagating blueshifted photons and spontaneously emits them in all directions, losing kinetic energy) and noncontact van der Waals friction (in the vicinity of a dielectric surface, the mirror charges of the constituent particles inside the surface experience drag, slowing the atom). The theoretical predictions for these processes are modified upon a rigorous quantum electrodynamic treatment, which shows that the one-loop "correction" yields the dominant contribution to the off-resonant, gauge-invariant, imaginary part of the atom's polarizability at room temperature, for typical atom-surface interactions. The tree-level contribution to the polarizability ...


X-Ray Polarimetry With X-Calibur, Qingzhen Guo Dec 2014

X-Ray Polarimetry With X-Calibur, Qingzhen Guo

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

X-Ray Polarimetry with X-Calibur

by

Qingzhen Guo

Doctor of Philosophy in Physics, Washington University in St. Louis,

September, 2014. Professor Henric Krawczynski, Chair

X-ray polarimetry is a prime tool to investigate the unexplored compact sources and to provide crucial information that other techniques can not produce. By measuring the degree and orientation of the polarization of radiation from a cosmic source, unique inferences about the morphology and the magnetic field structure can be made.

Krawczysnki's group at Washington University is working on a uniquely sensitive scattering polarimeter, X-Calibur, to be used in the focal plane of a focusing ...