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Photoionization

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Investigating Two-Photon Double Ionization Of D2 By Xuv-Pump-Xuv-Probe Experiments, Yuhai Jiang, Artem Rudenko, Jhon Fredy Perez-Torres, Oliver Herrwerth, Lutz M. Foucar, Moritz Kurka, Kai Uwe Kuhnel, M. Toppin, Etienne Plesiat, Felipe Morales, Fernando Javier Martin, Matthias Lezius, Matthias F. Kling, Till Jahnke, Reinhard Dorner, Jose Luis Sanz-Vicario, Jeroen Van Tilborg, Ali Belkacem, Michael Schulz, Kiyoshi Ueda, Stefan Dusterer, Rolf Treusch, Claus Dieter Schroter, Robert Moshammer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich Feb 2018

Investigating Two-Photon Double Ionization Of D2 By Xuv-Pump-Xuv-Probe Experiments, Yuhai Jiang, Artem Rudenko, Jhon Fredy Perez-Torres, Oliver Herrwerth, Lutz M. Foucar, Moritz Kurka, Kai Uwe Kuhnel, M. Toppin, Etienne Plesiat, Felipe Morales, Fernando Javier Martin, Matthias Lezius, Matthias F. Kling, Till Jahnke, Reinhard Dorner, Jose Luis Sanz-Vicario, Jeroen Van Tilborg, Ali Belkacem, Michael Schulz, Kiyoshi Ueda, Stefan Dusterer, Rolf Treusch, Claus Dieter Schroter, Robert Moshammer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich

Michael Schulz

We used a split-mirror setup attached to a reaction microscope at the free-electron laser in Hamburg (FLASH) to perform an XUV-pump-XUV-probe experiment by tracing the ultrafast nuclear wave-packet motion in the D2 +(1sσg) with <10 fs time resolution. Comparison with time-dependent calculations shows excellent agreement with the measured vibrational period of 22±4 fs in D2+, points to the importance of accurately knowing the internuclear distance-dependent ionization probability, and paves the way to control sequential and nonsequential two-photon double-ionization contributions.


Differential Cross Sections For Non-Sequential Double Ionization Of He By 52 Ev Photons From The Free Electron Laser In Hamburg, Flash, Moritz Kurka, Johannes Feist, Daniel A. Horner, Artem Rudenko, Yuhai Jiang, Kai Uwe Kuhnel, Lutz M. Foucar, Thomas N. Rescigno, Clyde William Mccurdy, Renate Pazourek, Stefan Nagele, Michael Schulz, Oliver Herrwerth, Matthias Lezius, Matthias F. Kling, Markus S. Schoffler, Ali Belkacem, Stefan Dusterer, Rolf Treusch, Barry I. Schneider, Lee A. Collins, Joachim Burgdorfer, Claus Dieter Schroter Feb 2018

Differential Cross Sections For Non-Sequential Double Ionization Of He By 52 Ev Photons From The Free Electron Laser In Hamburg, Flash, Moritz Kurka, Johannes Feist, Daniel A. Horner, Artem Rudenko, Yuhai Jiang, Kai Uwe Kuhnel, Lutz M. Foucar, Thomas N. Rescigno, Clyde William Mccurdy, Renate Pazourek, Stefan Nagele, Michael Schulz, Oliver Herrwerth, Matthias Lezius, Matthias F. Kling, Markus S. Schoffler, Ali Belkacem, Stefan Dusterer, Rolf Treusch, Barry I. Schneider, Lee A. Collins, Joachim Burgdorfer, Claus Dieter Schroter

Michael Schulz

Two-photon double ionization of He is studied at the Free Electron Laser in Hamburg (FLASH) by inspecting He2+ momentum (P-(He 2+)) distributions at 52 eV photon energy. We demonstrate that recoil ion momentum distributions can be used to infer information about highly correlated electron dynamics and find the first experimental evidence for 'virtual sequential ionization'. The experimental data are compared with the results of two calculations, both solving the time-dependent Schrodinger equation. We find good overall agreement between experiment and theory, with significant differences for cuts along the polarization direction that cannot be explained by the experimental resolution ...


Analytical Modeling And Numerical Simulations Of Time Delays In Attosecond Streaking Of One- And Two-Photon Ionization, Cory Scott Goldsmith Jan 2018

Analytical Modeling And Numerical Simulations Of Time Delays In Attosecond Streaking Of One- And Two-Photon Ionization, Cory Scott Goldsmith

Chemistry & Biochemistry Graduate Theses & Dissertations (1986-2018)

The generation of attosecond-duration (1 as = 10-18 s) coherent light through the process of high-order harmonic generation has opened the perspective for probing fundamental processes, such as photoionization, on the natural timescale of electron dynamics in matter. One probing technique is the attosecond streaking method, in which the momentum of the photoelectron is measured as a function of the time delay between the ionizing, attosecond extreme ultraviolet (XUV) pulse, and a weak, femtosecond near-infrared (NIR) pulse which streaks the momentum of the photoelectron, known as a streaking trace. The observed trace contains time information about the photoionization process in ...


The Formation And Dynamics Of Clouds In The Environment Of Active Galactic Nuclei, Timothy Waters Aug 2017

The Formation And Dynamics Of Clouds In The Environment Of Active Galactic Nuclei, Timothy Waters

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Active galactic nuclei (AGN) are among the most luminous objects in the universe and are known to be powered by accretion onto supermassive black holes in the centers of galaxies. AGN clouds are prominent components of successful models that attempt to unify the diversity of AGN. These clouds are often hypothesized to be the source of the broad and narrow line emission features seen in AGN spectra. Moreover, the high column densities of gas needed to account for broad absorption lines has been attributed to the same population of clouds, while the motion of AGN clouds has been invoked to ...


Time-Dependent Photoionization Of Gaseous Nebulae, Ehab Elsayed Elhoussieny Ahmed Jun 2017

Time-Dependent Photoionization Of Gaseous Nebulae, Ehab Elsayed Elhoussieny Ahmed

Dissertations

We study time-dependent photoionization of gaseous nebulae, i.e. the physical conditions and spectra of astronomical plasmas photoionized by a time-dependent source of ionizing radiation. Our study proceeds in two chief steps: First, we start with a simplified model of plasmas of pure H. Second, we develop a more realistic model of plasmas composed of a mixture of chemical elements. For the first step, we wrote a time-dependent photoionization code (TDP) that solves the coupled system of equations for ionization, energy balance, and radiation transfer in their full time-dependent forms For the second step, we developed a more realistic code ...


An R-Matrix, Quantum Defect Theory Approach To The Photoionization Of Molecular Nitrogen, Gaetan L. Vangyseghem Aug 2016

An R-Matrix, Quantum Defect Theory Approach To The Photoionization Of Molecular Nitrogen, Gaetan L. Vangyseghem

Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Probing And Extracting The Structure Of Vibrating Sf₆ Molecules With Inner-Shell Photoelectrons, Ngoc-Ty Nguyen, R. R. Lucchese, C. D. Lin, Anh-Thu Le Jun 2016

Probing And Extracting The Structure Of Vibrating Sf₆ Molecules With Inner-Shell Photoelectrons, Ngoc-Ty Nguyen, R. R. Lucchese, C. D. Lin, Anh-Thu Le

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We propose a scheme for probing the structure of vibrating molecules with photoelectrons generated from ultrashort soft-x-ray pulses. As an example we analyze below-100-eV photoelectrons liberated from the S(2p) orbital of vibrating SF₆ molecules to image very small structural changes of molecular vibration. In particular, photoionization cross sections and photoelectron angular distributions (PAD) at nonequilibrium geometries can be retrieved accurately with photoelectrons near the shape resonance at 13 eV. This is achieved with a pump-probe scheme, in which the symmetric stretch mode is first Raman excited predominantly by a relatively short laser pulse and then later probed at different ...


A Case For Chiral Contributions To Nondipole Effects In Photoionization Using Linearly Polarized Soft X-Rays, Kyle Patrick Bowen May 2016

A Case For Chiral Contributions To Nondipole Effects In Photoionization Using Linearly Polarized Soft X-Rays, Kyle Patrick Bowen

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Modelling angular distributions of photoelectrons requires making accurate approximations of both the incoming light and the behavior of bound electrons. The experimental determination of photoelectron angular distributions is crucial to the development of accurate theoretical models governing the light-matter interaction. To date, many models have relied upon the dipole approximation, which assumes a constant electric field as the source of ionization. Despite knowing that the dipole approximation would break down as photon energy increased, the precise limit was unclear. Over the past two decades, a strong case has been made that corrections to the dipole approximation are necessary for accurately ...


Self-Consistent Modeling Of Photoionization And The Kerr Effect In Bulk Solids, Jeremy R. Gulley, Thomas E. Lanier Nov 2015

Self-Consistent Modeling Of Photoionization And The Kerr Effect In Bulk Solids, Jeremy R. Gulley, Thomas E. Lanier

Faculty Publications

In calculations of ultrafast laser-induced ionization the treatment of fundamental mechanisms such as photoionization and the Kerr effect are treated in isolation using monochromatic perturbative approaches. Such approaches are often questionable for pulses of ultrashort duration and multi-chromatic spectra. In this work we address this issue by solving the quantum optical Bloch equations in a 3D quasi-momentum space and show how to couple this model to ultrashort pulse propagation in dielectrics. This approach self-consistently couples a quantum calculation of the photoionization yield, the photoionization current, and the current from free-carriers with the traditional Kerr effect (self-focusing and self phase modulation ...


Optically Thin Broad-Line Clouds In Active Galactic Nuclei, Joseph C. Shields, Gary J. Ferland, Bradley M. Peterson Oct 2015

Optically Thin Broad-Line Clouds In Active Galactic Nuclei, Joseph C. Shields, Gary J. Ferland, Bradley M. Peterson

Gary J. Ferland

The broad-line region (BLR) in Seyfert galaxy nuclei exhibits correlated variations in continuum and emission-line luminosity that are qualitatively consistent with photoionization of ionization-bounded (optically thick) clouds. However, evidence is growing that a nonnegligible fraction of the BLR cloud population is optically thin to the Lyman continuum and fully ionized in hydrogen. We consider the implications of this nebular component for observed line emission and find that inclusion of thin clouds in photoionization calculations can resolve several outstanding puzzles of Seyfert variability, notably the behavior of the C IV λ1549/Lyα ratio as a function of continuum luminosity. A similar ...


The Narrow-Line Region Of High-Luminosity Active Galactic Nuclei, Beverley J. Wills, H. Netzer, M. S. Brotherton, Mingsheng Han, D. Wills, J. A. Baldwin, Gary J. Ferland, I. W. A. Browne Oct 2015

The Narrow-Line Region Of High-Luminosity Active Galactic Nuclei, Beverley J. Wills, H. Netzer, M. S. Brotherton, Mingsheng Han, D. Wills, J. A. Baldwin, Gary J. Ferland, I. W. A. Browne

Gary J. Ferland

We have made high signal-to-noise spectroscopic observations of seven radio-loud quasars with the Faint Object Spectrograph on the Hubble Space Telescope and from the ground at McDonald Observatory and at Kitt Peak National Observatory. The resolution is 300-400 km s-1 over the wavelength range 1000-8500 Å, enabling us to separate the broad and narrow components of the emission lines. This is the first study of the optical and UV narrow lines in such high-luminosity active galactic nuclei (AGNs). The most important and striking observational result is the relative weakness of the narrow ultraviolet lines, assuming that they have the same ...


Benchmarking Accurate Spectral Phase Retrieval Of Single Attosecond Pulses, Hui Wei, Anh-Thu Le, Toru Morishita, Chao Yu, C. D. Lin Feb 2015

Benchmarking Accurate Spectral Phase Retrieval Of Single Attosecond Pulses, Hui Wei, Anh-Thu Le, Toru Morishita, Chao Yu, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A single extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) attosecond pulse or pulse train in the time domain is fully characterized if its spectral amplitude and phase are both determined. The spectral amplitude can be easily obtained from photoionization of simple atoms where accurate photoionization cross sections have been measured from, e.g., synchrotron radiations. To determine the spectral phase, at present the standard method is to carry out XUV photoionization in the presence of a dressing infrared (IR) laser. In this work, we examine the accuracy of current phase retrieval methods (PROOF and iPROOF) where the dressing IR is relatively weak such that photoelectron ...


Numerical Simulation Of Photoionization Of Atoms And Attosecond Laser Pulses, Ran Reiff Jan 2015

Numerical Simulation Of Photoionization Of Atoms And Attosecond Laser Pulses, Ran Reiff

Undergraduate Honors Theses

With appropriate filters, high harmonic generation (HHG) can produce X-ray pulses on the attosecond time scale. We formulate a procedure to minimize pulse duration in various energy regimes and predict photoionization rates for a number of noble gases. Bridging the gap between the theory of high harmonic generation and the experimental reality, we seek to support the production of tabletop X-ray sources able to probe electron dynamics in inner shells. This thesis builds on the work of other researchers in the Ultrafast AMO Theory group, including a novel analytic fitting to noble gas potentials, and predictions of the energy spectrum ...


Electron- And Photon-Impact Ionization Of Furfural, D. B. Jones, E. Ali, K. L. Nixon, P. Limão-Vieira, M.-J. Hubin-Franskin, J. Delwiche, C. G. Ning, J. Colgan, Andrew J. Murray, Don H. Madison, M .J. Brunger Jan 2015

Electron- And Photon-Impact Ionization Of Furfural, D. B. Jones, E. Ali, K. L. Nixon, P. Limão-Vieira, M.-J. Hubin-Franskin, J. Delwiche, C. G. Ning, J. Colgan, Andrew J. Murray, Don H. Madison, M .J. Brunger

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The He(i) photoelectron spectrum of furfural has been investigated, with its vibrational structure assigned for the first time. The ground and excited ionized states are assigned through ab initio calculations performed at the outer-valence Green's function level. Triple differential cross sections (TDCSs) for electron-impact ionization of the unresolved combination of the 4a" + 21a' highest and next-highest occupied molecular orbitals have also been obtained. Experimental TDCSs are recorded in a combination of asymmetric coplanar and doubly symmetric coplanar kinematics. The experimental TDCSs are compared to theoretical calculations, obtained within a molecular 3-body distorted wave framework that employed either an ...


On The Production Of The Positive Antihydrogen Ion H̄+ Via Radiative Attachment, Chris M. Keating, M. Charlton, Jack C. Straton Jan 2014

On The Production Of The Positive Antihydrogen Ion H̄+ Via Radiative Attachment, Chris M. Keating, M. Charlton, Jack C. Straton

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

We provide an estimate of the cross section for the radiative attachment of a second positron into the state of the ion using Ohmura and Ohmura's (1960 Phys. Rev. 118 154) effective range theory and the principle of detailed balance. The ion can potentially be created using interactions of positrons with trapped antihydrogen, and our analysis includes a discussion in which estimates of production rates are given. Motivations to produce include its potential use as an intermediary to cool antihydrogen to ultra-cold (sub-mK) temperatures for a variety of studies, including spectroscopy and probing the gravitational interaction of the anti-atom.


High-Order-Harmonic Generation From Molecular Isomers With Midinfrared Intense Laser Pulses, Anh-Thu Le, R. R. Lucchese, C. D. Lin Aug 2013

High-Order-Harmonic Generation From Molecular Isomers With Midinfrared Intense Laser Pulses, Anh-Thu Le, R. R. Lucchese, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present theoretical calculations of high-order-harmonic generation (HHG) from stereoisomers of 1,2-dichloroethylene (C₂H₂Cl₂) and 2-butene (C₄H₈) based on the quantitative rescattering theory. Our results show that the HHG spectra from these cis and trans isomers with intense midinfrared laser pulses are clearly distinguishable, even when the molecules are randomly oriented, in good agreement with the recent experiments by Wonget al. [Phys. Rev. A 84, 051403(R) (2011)]. We found that the angle-averaged tunneling ionization yields and photoionization cross sections from the cis and trans isomers for both molecules are nearly identical. The origin of the differences in HHG spectra ...


Atmospheric Pressure He-Air Plasma Jet: Breakdown Process And Propagation Phenomenon, Asma Begum, Mounir Laroussi, Mohammad Rasel Pervez Jun 2013

Atmospheric Pressure He-Air Plasma Jet: Breakdown Process And Propagation Phenomenon, Asma Begum, Mounir Laroussi, Mohammad Rasel Pervez

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

In this paper He-discharge (plasma jet/bullet) in atmospheric pressure air and its progression phenomenon has been studied experimentally using ICCD camera, optical emission spectroscopy (OES) and calibrated dielectric probe measurements. The repetitive nanosecond pulse has applied to a plasma pencil to generate discharge in the helium gas channel. The discharge propagation speed was measured from the ICCD images. The axial electric field distribution in the plasma jet is inferred from the optical emission spectroscopic data and from the probe measurement. The correlation between the jet velocities, jet length with the pulse duration is established. It shows that the plasma ...


Search For An Electron Electric Dipole Moment With Trapped Molecular Ions, Huanqian Loh Jan 2013

Search For An Electron Electric Dipole Moment With Trapped Molecular Ions, Huanqian Loh

Physics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The search for a permanent electron electric dipole moment (eEDM) serves as a test of fundamental symmetry violations and of physics beyond the Standard Model. Trapped molecular ions in the 3Δ1 metastable electronic state are suitable candidates for an eEDM search due to their large effective electric fields and long electron spin coherence times. This thesis presents the quantum state manipulation and coherent spectroscopy of trapped HfF+ molecular ions in rotating bias fields for an eEDM search. The quantum state manipulation, which involves preparation of a large fraction of molecular ions in a single desired quantum state as ...


Radiative Double Electron Capture In Collisions Of Fully-Stripped Fluorine Ions With Thin Carbon Foils, Tamer Mohammad Samy Elkafrawy Dec 2012

Radiative Double Electron Capture In Collisions Of Fully-Stripped Fluorine Ions With Thin Carbon Foils, Tamer Mohammad Samy Elkafrawy

Dissertations

Radiative double electron capture (RDEC) is a one-step process in ion-atom collisions occurring when two target electrons are captured to a bound state of the projectile simultaneously with the emission of a single photon. The emitted photon has approximately double the energy of the photon emitted due to radiative electron capture (REC), which occurs when a target electron is captured to a projectile bound state with simultaneous emission of a photon. REC and RDEC can be treated as timereversed photoionization (PI) and double photoionization (DPI), respectively, if loosely-bound target electrons are captured. This concept can be formulated with the principle ...


K-Shell X-Ray Spectroscopy Of Atomic Nitrogen, M. M. Sant'anna, Gunnar Ohrwall, Wayne C. Stolte, Alfred S. Schlachter, Dennis W. Lindle, B. M. Mclaughlin Mar 2012

K-Shell X-Ray Spectroscopy Of Atomic Nitrogen, M. M. Sant'anna, Gunnar Ohrwall, Wayne C. Stolte, Alfred S. Schlachter, Dennis W. Lindle, B. M. Mclaughlin

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Absolute K-shell photoionization cross sections for atomic nitrogen have been obtained from both experiment and state-of-the-art theoretical techniques. Because of the difficulty of creating a target of neutral atomic nitrogen, no high-resolution K-edge spectroscopy measurements have been reported for this important atom. Interplay between theory and experiment enabled identification and characterization of the strong 1s → np resonance features throughout the threshold region. An experimental value of 409.64 ± 0.02 eV was determined for the K-shell binding energy.


Photoionization Of The Potassium Isoelectronic Sequence: Ca+ And Transition Metal Ions, Ayao M. Sossah Dec 2010

Photoionization Of The Potassium Isoelectronic Sequence: Ca+ And Transition Metal Ions, Ayao M. Sossah

Physics and Astronomy Dissertations

Photoionization cross section calculations are performed for the ground ([Ne]3s23p63d 2D ) and the first two excited ([Ne]3s23p63d 2D and [Ne]3s23p64s 2S ) states of potassium-like transition metal ions (Sc+2, Ti+3, V+4, Cr+5, Mn+6, Fe+7), along with photoionization calculations for K-like Ca+ ions in the ground ([Ne]3s23p64s 2S ) state and the first two excited ([Ne]3s23p63d 2D and [Ne]3s23p63d 2D ) states. The discrete N-electron final state ion system orbitals are generated using the computer program AUTOSTRUCTURE; 24 configurations are included in the configuration-interaction (CI) calculation for transition metal ions, and 30 ...


Differential Cross Sections For Non-Sequential Double Ionization Of He By 52 Ev Photons From The Free Electron Laser In Hamburg, Flash, Moritz Kurka, Johannes Feist, Daniel A. Horner, Artem Rudenko, Yuhai Jiang, Kai Uwe Kuhnel, Lutz M. Foucar, Thomas N. Rescigno, Clyde William Mccurdy, Renate Pazourek, Stefan Nagele, Michael Schulz, Oliver Herrwerth, Matthias Lezius, Matthias F. Kling, Markus S. Schoffler, Ali Belkacem, Stefan Dusterer, Rolf Treusch, Barry I. Schneider, Lee A. Collins, Joachim Burgdorfer, Claus Dieter Schroter Jul 2010

Differential Cross Sections For Non-Sequential Double Ionization Of He By 52 Ev Photons From The Free Electron Laser In Hamburg, Flash, Moritz Kurka, Johannes Feist, Daniel A. Horner, Artem Rudenko, Yuhai Jiang, Kai Uwe Kuhnel, Lutz M. Foucar, Thomas N. Rescigno, Clyde William Mccurdy, Renate Pazourek, Stefan Nagele, Michael Schulz, Oliver Herrwerth, Matthias Lezius, Matthias F. Kling, Markus S. Schoffler, Ali Belkacem, Stefan Dusterer, Rolf Treusch, Barry I. Schneider, Lee A. Collins, Joachim Burgdorfer, Claus Dieter Schroter

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Two-photon double ionization of He is studied at the Free Electron Laser in Hamburg (FLASH) by inspecting He2+ momentum (P-(He 2+)) distributions at 52 eV photon energy. We demonstrate that recoil ion momentum distributions can be used to infer information about highly correlated electron dynamics and find the first experimental evidence for 'virtual sequential ionization'. The experimental data are compared with the results of two calculations, both solving the time-dependent Schrodinger equation. We find good overall agreement between experiment and theory, with significant differences for cuts along the polarization direction that cannot be explained by the experimental resolution ...


Investigating Two-Photon Double Ionization Of D2 By Xuv-Pump-Xuv-Probe Experiments, Yuhai Jiang, Artem Rudenko, Jhon Fredy Perez-Torres, Oliver Herrwerth, Lutz M. Foucar, Moritz Kurka, Kai Uwe Kuhnel, M. Toppin, Etienne Plesiat, Felipe Morales, Fernando Javier Martin, Matthias Lezius, Matthias F. Kling, Till Jahnke, Reinhard Dorner, Jose Luis Sanz-Vicario, Jeroen Van Tilborg, Ali Belkacem, Michael Schulz, Kiyoshi Ueda, Stefan Dusterer, Rolf Treusch, Claus Dieter Schroter, Robert Moshammer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich May 2010

Investigating Two-Photon Double Ionization Of D2 By Xuv-Pump-Xuv-Probe Experiments, Yuhai Jiang, Artem Rudenko, Jhon Fredy Perez-Torres, Oliver Herrwerth, Lutz M. Foucar, Moritz Kurka, Kai Uwe Kuhnel, M. Toppin, Etienne Plesiat, Felipe Morales, Fernando Javier Martin, Matthias Lezius, Matthias F. Kling, Till Jahnke, Reinhard Dorner, Jose Luis Sanz-Vicario, Jeroen Van Tilborg, Ali Belkacem, Michael Schulz, Kiyoshi Ueda, Stefan Dusterer, Rolf Treusch, Claus Dieter Schroter, Robert Moshammer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We used a split-mirror setup attached to a reaction microscope at the free-electron laser in Hamburg (FLASH) to perform an XUV-pump-XUV-probe experiment by tracing the ultrafast nuclear wave-packet motion in the D2 +(1sσg) with <10 fs time resolution. Comparison with time-dependent calculations shows excellent agreement with the measured vibrational period of 22±4 fs in D2+, points to the importance of accurately knowing the internuclear distance-dependent ionization probability, and paves the way to control sequential and nonsequential two-photon double-ionization contributions.


Photoionization Of The Be Isoelectronic Sequence: Relativistic And Nonrelativistic R-Matrix Calculations, Wei-Chun Chu Aug 2009

Photoionization Of The Be Isoelectronic Sequence: Relativistic And Nonrelativistic R-Matrix Calculations, Wei-Chun Chu

Physics and Astronomy Dissertations

The photoionization of the beryllium-like isoelectronic series has been studied. The bound state wave functions of the target ions were built with CIV3 program. The relativistic Breit-Pauli R-matrix method was used to calculate the cross sections in the photon energy range between the ionization threshold and 1s24f7/2 threshold for each ion. For the total cross sections of Be, B+, C+2, N+3, and O+4, our results match experiment well. The comparison between the present work and other theoretical works are also discussed. We show the comparison with our LS results as it indicates the importance of relativistic ...


Feasibility Of Coherent Xuv Spectroscopy On The 1s-2s Transition In Singly Ionized Helium, Maximilian Herrmann, Martin K. Haas, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Franz Kottmann, Dietrich Leibfried, Guido Saathoff, Christoph Gohle, Akira Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knunz, Nikolai N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schussler, Theodor Wolfgang Hansch, Th H. Udem May 2009

Feasibility Of Coherent Xuv Spectroscopy On The 1s-2s Transition In Singly Ionized Helium, Maximilian Herrmann, Martin K. Haas, Ulrich D. Jentschura, Franz Kottmann, Dietrich Leibfried, Guido Saathoff, Christoph Gohle, Akira Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knunz, Nikolai N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schussler, Theodor Wolfgang Hansch, Th H. Udem

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The 1S-2S two-photon transition in singly ionized helium is a highly interesting candidate for precision tests of bound-state quantum electrodynamics (QED). With the recent advent of extreme ultraviolet frequency combs, highly coherent quasi-continuous-wave light sources at 61 nm have become available, and precision spectroscopy of this transition now comes into reach for the first time. We discuss quantitatively the feasibility of such an experiment by analyzing excitation and ionization rates, propose an experimental scheme, and explore the potential for QED tests.


Probing Molecular Frame Photoionization Via Laser Generated High-Order Harmonics From Aligned Molecules, Anh-Thu Le, R. R. Lucchese, M. T. Lee, C. D. Lin May 2009

Probing Molecular Frame Photoionization Via Laser Generated High-Order Harmonics From Aligned Molecules, Anh-Thu Le, R. R. Lucchese, M. T. Lee, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Present experiments cannot measure molecular frame photoelectron angular distributions (MFPAD) for ionization from the outermost valence orbitals of molecules. We show that the details of MFPAD can be retrieved with high-order harmonics generated by infrared lasers from aligned molecules. Using accurately calculated photoionization transition dipole moments for fixed-in-space molecules, we show that the dependence of the magnitude and phase of the high-order harmonics on the alignment angle of the molecules observed in recent experiments can be quantitatively reproduced. This result provides the needed theoretical basis for ultrafast dynamic chemical imaging using infrared laser pulses.


Quantitative Rescattering Theory For Laser-Induced High-Energy Plateau Photoelectron Spectra, Zhangjin Chen, Anh-Thu Le, Toru Morishita, C. D. Lin Mar 2009

Quantitative Rescattering Theory For Laser-Induced High-Energy Plateau Photoelectron Spectra, Zhangjin Chen, Anh-Thu Le, Toru Morishita, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A comprehensive quantitative rescattering (QRS) theory for describing the production of high-energy photoelectrons generated by intense laser pulses is presented. According to the QRS, the momentum distributions of these electrons can be expressed as the product of a returning electron wave packet with the elastic differential cross sections (DCS) between free electrons with the target ion. We show that the returning electron wave packets are determined mostly by the lasers only and can be obtained from the strong field approximation. The validity of the QRS model is carefully examined by checking against accurate results from the solution of the time-dependent ...


Accurate Retrieval Of Target Structures And Laser Parameters Of Few-Cycle Pulses From Photoelectron Momentum Spectra, Samuel Micheau, Zhangjin Chen, Anh-Thu Le, J. Rauschenberger, M. F. Kling, C. D. Lin Feb 2009

Accurate Retrieval Of Target Structures And Laser Parameters Of Few-Cycle Pulses From Photoelectron Momentum Spectra, Samuel Micheau, Zhangjin Chen, Anh-Thu Le, J. Rauschenberger, M. F. Kling, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We illustrate a new method of analyzing three-dimensional momentum images of high-energy photoelectrons generated by intense phase-stabilized few-cycle laser pulses. Using photoelectron momentum spectra that were obtained by velocity-map imaging of above-threshold ionization of xenon and argon targets, we show that the absolute carrier-envelope phase, the laser peak intensity, and pulse duration can be accurately determined simultaneously (with an error of a few percent). We also show that the target structure, in the form of electron-target ion elastic differential cross sections, can be retrieved over a range of energies. The latter offers the promise of using laser-generated electron spectra for ...


Potential For Ultrafast Dynamic Chemical Imaging With Few-Cycle Infrared Lasers, Toru Morishita, Anh-Thu Le, Zhangjin Chen, C. D. Lin Feb 2008

Potential For Ultrafast Dynamic Chemical Imaging With Few-Cycle Infrared Lasers, Toru Morishita, Anh-Thu Le, Zhangjin Chen, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We studied the photoelectron spectra generated by an intense few cycle infrared laser pulse. By focusing on the angular distributions of the back rescattered high energy photoelectrons, we show that accurate differential elastic scattering cross-sections of the target ion by free electrons can be extracted. Since the incident direction and the energy of the free electrons can be easily changed by manipulating the laser's polarization, intensity and wavelength, these extracted elastic scattering cross-sections, in combination with more advanced inversion algorithms, may be used to reconstruct the effective single-scattering potential of the molecule, thus opening up the possibility of using ...


Ultrashort Laser Pulse Interaction With Photo-Thermo-Refractive Glass, Leo Siiman Jan 2008

Ultrashort Laser Pulse Interaction With Photo-Thermo-Refractive Glass, Leo Siiman

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Photo-thermo-refractive (PTR) glass is an ideal photosensitive material for recording phase volume holograms. It is a homogeneous multi-component silicate glass that demonstrates all the advantages of optical glass: thermal stability, high laser damage threshold, and a wide transparency range. Moreover the ability to record phase patterns (i.e. spatial refractive index variations) into PTR glass has resulted in the fabrication of volume holograms with diffraction efficiency greater than 99%. The conventional method of recording a hologram in PTR glass relies on exposure to continuous-wave ultraviolet laser radiation. In this dissertation the interaction between infrared ultrashort laser pulses and PTR glass ...