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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Fractal Dimensions In Perceptual Color Space: A Comparison Study Using Jackson Pollock’S Art, Jonas R. Mureika Dec 2005

Fractal Dimensions In Perceptual Color Space: A Comparison Study Using Jackson Pollock’S Art, Jonas R. Mureika

Physics Faculty Works

The fractal dimensions of color-specific paint patterns in various Jackson Pollock paintings are calculated using a filtering process that models perceptual response to color differences (L*a*b* color space). The advantage of the L*a*b* space filtering method over traditional red-green-blue (RGB) spaces is that the former is a perceptually uniform (metric) space, leading to a more consistent definition of “perceptually different” colors. It is determined that the RGB filtering method underestimates the perceived fractal dimension of lighter-colored patterns but not of darker ones, if the same selection criteria is applied to each. Implications of the findings to ...


Isomers And Seniority In The Trans-Pb Nuclei, J. J. Ressler, C. W. Beausang, R. F. Casten, N. V. Zamfir, H. Ai, H. Amro, M. Babilon, R. Cakirli, J. A. Caggiano, G. Gurdal, A. Heinz, R. O. Hughes, S. D. Langdown, E. A. Mccutchan, D. A. Meyer, C. Plettner, J. Qian, P. H. Regan, M.J. S. Sciacchitano, N. J. Thomas, E. Williams, A. Yamamoto Sep 2005

Isomers And Seniority In The Trans-Pb Nuclei, J. J. Ressler, C. W. Beausang, R. F. Casten, N. V. Zamfir, H. Ai, H. Amro, M. Babilon, R. Cakirli, J. A. Caggiano, G. Gurdal, A. Heinz, R. O. Hughes, S. D. Langdown, E. A. Mccutchan, D. A. Meyer, C. Plettner, J. Qian, P. H. Regan, M.J. S. Sciacchitano, N. J. Thomas, E. Williams, A. Yamamoto

Physics Faculty Publications

Low-energy excited states of 210Ra and 208Ra were investigated at the Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory of Yale University. Fusion evaporation recoils were selected using the gas-filled spectrometer, SASSYER. Delayed γ -rays, following isomeric decays, were detected at the focal plane of SASSYER with a small array of HPGe detectors. Transitions following the proposed J π = 8+ isomers were observed, and the half-lives measured. The experiments are discussed and results compared to expectations from the seniority scheme.


Novel Neutron Detector For N-N Scattering Length Measurement, Eva Wilcox Jul 2005

Novel Neutron Detector For N-N Scattering Length Measurement, Eva Wilcox

Theses and Dissertations

The neutron-neutron (n-n) scattering length is a fundamental parameter in nuclear physics; however, measurements are plagued with large uncertainties caused by neutron detector cross talk. Many experimentalists also rely upon computer code to calibrate their neutron detectors. Experiments give one of two different numbers but there is still no adequate explanation for this discrepancy. We have developed a new neutron detector expressly for the purpose of improving the n-n scattering length measurement. It offers two important advantages: 1) minimal cross talk and 2) high counting efficiency. We calibrated the detector from 1 MeV to 6 MeV at 1 MeV increments ...


Theoretical Status Of The Top Quark Cross Section, Nikolaos Kidonakis, Ramona Vogt Jun 2005

Theoretical Status Of The Top Quark Cross Section, Nikolaos Kidonakis, Ramona Vogt

Faculty Publications

We discuss the most recent calculations of the top quark total cross section and transverse momentum distributions at the Tevatron and the LHC. These calculations include the soft-gluon corrections at next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO). The soft NNLO corrections stabilize the scale dependence of the cross section.


Manifestation Of The Color Glass Condensate In Particle Production At Rhic, Kirill Tuchin Jan 2005

Manifestation Of The Color Glass Condensate In Particle Production At Rhic, Kirill Tuchin

Kirill Tuchin

We discuss general properties of the Color Glass Condensate. We show that predictions for particle production in p(d)A and AA collisions derived from these properties are in agreement with data collected at RHIC.


Systematic Study Of High-Pt Di-Jet Correlations In Nuclear Collisions With The Phenix Experiment At Rhic , Nathan Conrad Grau Jan 2005

Systematic Study Of High-Pt Di-Jet Correlations In Nuclear Collisions With The Phenix Experiment At Rhic , Nathan Conrad Grau

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

One major goal of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory on Long Island, New York, is to create and study the quark-gluon plasma (QGP). This state of matter results from the phase transition of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) at extremely high temperature (1012 K) and densities (100 times normal nuclear matter). Au ions are collided in an attempt to increase the temperature necessary to cross the phase boundary. To study the properties of this new matter, high energy jets are used as a probe. Jets are a collimated spray of hadrons resulting from the fragmentation of high-energy ...