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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Single-Neutron States In Titanium Isotopes, Jessica Nebel-Crosson Jul 2019

Single-Neutron States In Titanium Isotopes, Jessica Nebel-Crosson

Physics and Astronomy Summer Fellows

Current theory regarding the collective behavior of exotic nuclei systematically over-predicts the probabilities of exciting those collective states. The theory lacks any adjustable parameters, however, the model inputs are characteristics of single particle states which we are attempting to verify through neutron transfer into a 50Ti target.


First Measurement Of Near-Threshold J/ᴪ Exclusive Photoproduction Off The Proton, M. Ali, M. Amaryan, E.G. Anassontzis, Q. Zhou, X. Zhou, B. Zihlmann, Gluex Collaboration Jan 2019

First Measurement Of Near-Threshold J/ᴪ Exclusive Photoproduction Off The Proton, M. Ali, M. Amaryan, E.G. Anassontzis, Q. Zhou, X. Zhou, B. Zihlmann, Gluex Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

We report on the measurement of the γp -> J/ψp cross section from Eγ = 11.8 GeV down to the threshold at 8.2 GeV using a tagged photon beam with the GlueX experiment. We find that the total cross section falls toward the threshold less steeply than expected from two-gluon exchange models. The differential cross section dσ/dt has an exponential slope of 1.67 ± 0.39 GeV-2 at 10.7 GeV average energy. The LHCb pentaquark candidates P+c can be produced in the s channel of this reaction. We see no evidence for them and ...


Azimuthal Anisotropy In Cu+Au Collisions At √SNn = 200 Gev, L. Adamczyk, J. R. Adams, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, N. N. Ajitanand, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, K. Barish, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran Jul 2018

Azimuthal Anisotropy In Cu+Au Collisions At √SNn = 200 Gev, L. Adamczyk, J. R. Adams, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, N. N. Ajitanand, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, K. Barish, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The azimuthal anisotropic flow of identified and unidentified charged particles has been systematically studied in Cu+Au collisions at √sNN = 200 GeV for harmonics n = 1–4 in the pseudorapidity range |η| < 1. The directed flow in Cu+Au collisions is compared with the rapidity-odd and, for the first time, the rapidity-even components of charged particle directed flow in Au+Au collisions at √sNN = 20 GeV. The slope of the directed flow pseudorapidity dependence in Cu+Au collisions is found to be similar to that in Au+Au collisions, with the intercept shifted toward positive pseudorapidity values, i.e., the Cu-going direction. The mean transverse momentum projected onto the spectator plane ⟨px⟩ in Cu+Au collision also exhibits approximately linear dependence on pseudorapidity with the intercept at about ...


Qcd Process In Few Nucleon Systems, Dhiraj Maheswari Jun 2018

Qcd Process In Few Nucleon Systems, Dhiraj Maheswari

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

One of the important issues of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) - the fundamental theory of strong interaction, is the understanding of the role of the quark-gluon interactions in the processes involving nuclear targets. One direction in such studies is to explore the onset of the quark gluon degrees of freedom in nuclear dynamics. The other direction is using the nuclear targets as a “micro-labs” in studies of the QCD processes involving protons and neutrons bound in the nucleus. In the proposed research, we work in both directions considering high energy photo- and electro-production reactions involving deuteron and 3 He nuclei.

In the ...


Pulse Height Spectra Analysis Of A Neutron Energy Tuning Assembly, Jason R. Stickney Mar 2018

Pulse Height Spectra Analysis Of A Neutron Energy Tuning Assembly, Jason R. Stickney

Theses and Dissertations

An energy tuning assembly (ETA) was previously designed and built for the purpose of irradiating samples with a combination of a thermonuclear and a prompt fission neutron spectrum. Initial research was performed to characterize the performance of the ETA at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 88-Inch Cyclotron using 33 MeV deuteron breakup on tantalum as the neutron source. This research analyzes detector responses collected from three EJ-309 detectors used to characterize the ETA generated neutron field. A signal processing chain was developed to reduce the full waveform data into a pulse height spectrum. The primary goal was to develop a ...


Bulk Properties Of The Medium Produced In Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions From The Beam Energy Scan Program, L. Adamczyk, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, N. N. Ajitanand, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, D. Brown, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran Oct 2017

Bulk Properties Of The Medium Produced In Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions From The Beam Energy Scan Program, L. Adamczyk, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, N. N. Ajitanand, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, D. Brown, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We present measurements of bulk properties of the matter produced in Au+Au collisions at √SNN = 7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV using identified hadrons (π±, K±, p, and p¯) from the STAR experiment in the Beam Energy Scan (BES) Program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Midrapidity (|y| < 0.1) results for multiplicity densities dN/dy, average transverse momenta ⟨pT⟩, and particle ratios are presented. The chemical and kinetic freeze-out dynamics at these energies are discussed and presented as a function of collision centrality and energy. These results constitute the systematic measurements of bulk properties of matter formed ...


Lorentz-Symmetry Test At Planck-Scale Suppression With Nucleons In A Spin-Polarized 133 Cs Cold Atom Clock, H. Pihan-Le Bars, C. Guerlin, R.-D. Lasseri, J.-P. Ebran, Q. G. Bailey, S. Bize, E. Khan, P. Wolf Apr 2017

Lorentz-Symmetry Test At Planck-Scale Suppression With Nucleons In A Spin-Polarized 133 Cs Cold Atom Clock, H. Pihan-Le Bars, C. Guerlin, R.-D. Lasseri, J.-P. Ebran, Q. G. Bailey, S. Bize, E. Khan, P. Wolf

Publications

The authors introduce an improved model that links the frequency of the 133 Cs hyperfine Zeeman transitions.


Measurements Of Ep → E′Π+Π-P′ Cross Sections With Clas At 1.40 Gev < W < 2.0 Gev And 2.0 Gev² < Q² < 5.0 Gev², E.L. Isupov, V.D. Burkert, D.S. Carman, R. W. Gothe, R. Hicks, B. S. Ishkhanov, V. I. Mokeev, K. P. Adhikari, S. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, M. J. Amaryan, G. Charles, A. Klein, Y. Prok, B. Torayev Jan 2017

Measurements Of Ep → E′Π+Π-P′ Cross Sections With Clas At 1.40 Gev < W < 2.0 Gev And 2.0 Gev² < Q² < 5.0 Gev², E.L. Isupov, V.D. Burkert, D.S. Carman, R. W. Gothe, R. Hicks, B. S. Ishkhanov, V. I. Mokeev, K. P. Adhikari, S. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, M. J. Amaryan, G. Charles, A. Klein, Y. Prok, B. Torayev

Physics Faculty Publications

This paper reports new exclusive cross sections for ep → e′π+π-p′ using the CLAS detector at Jefferson Laboratory. These results are presented for the first time at photon virtualities 2.0GeV2 2 < 5.0GeV2 in the center-of-mass energy range 1.4 GeV < W < 2.0 GeV, which covers a large part of the nucleon resonance region. Using a model developed for the phenomenological analysis of electroproduction data, we see strong indications that the relative contributions from the resonant cross sections at W < 1.74 GeV increase with Q2. These data considerably extend the kinematic reach of previous measurements. Exclusive ep → e′π+π-p′ cross section measurements are of particular importance for the extraction of resonance electrocouplings in the mass range above 1.6 GeV.


Near-Side Azimuthal And Pseudorapidity Correlations Using Neutral Strange Baryons And Mesons In D+Au, Cu+Cu, And Au+Au Collisions At √SNn = 200 Gev, B. Abelev, L. Adamczyk, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, I. Alekseev, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, L. S. Barnby, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, M. Bombara, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, I. Bunzarov, J. Butterworth, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran Jul 2016

Near-Side Azimuthal And Pseudorapidity Correlations Using Neutral Strange Baryons And Mesons In D+Au, Cu+Cu, And Au+Au Collisions At √SNn = 200 Gev, B. Abelev, L. Adamczyk, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, I. Alekseev, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, L. S. Barnby, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, M. Bombara, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, I. Bunzarov, J. Butterworth, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We present measurements of the near side of triggered di-hadron correlations using neutral strange baryons (Λ, Λ) and mesons (K0S) at intermediate transverse momentum (3 < pT < 6 GeV/c) to look for possible flavor and baryon-meson dependence. This study is performed in d+Au, Cu+Cu, and Au+Au collisions at √SNN = 200 GeV measured by the STAR experiment at RHIC. The near-side di-hadron correlation contains two structures, a peak which is narrow in azimuth and pseudorapidity consistent with correlations from jet fragmentation, and a correlation in azimuth which is broad in pseudorapidity. The particle composition of the ...


The Beam-Helicity Asymmetry For Two Pseudoscalar Mesons In Photoproduction And A Partial Wave Analysis For Excited Hyperons, Rafael A. Badui Jun 2016

The Beam-Helicity Asymmetry For Two Pseudoscalar Mesons In Photoproduction And A Partial Wave Analysis For Excited Hyperons, Rafael A. Badui

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The first-time measurement of the angular dependence of the beam-helicity asymmetry for $\gamma p \rightarrow pK^{+}K^{-}$ is shown and compared to $\gamma p \rightarrow p\pi^{+}\pi^{-}$. The data obtained were from the CLAS g12 experiment at Jefferson Lab. The experiment utilized a beam of circularly polarized photons with energies between 1.1 and 5.4 GeV incident on an unpolarized liquid hydrogen target, which produced an unprecedented number of strange hadrons in photoproduction. The production mechanism for strange hadrons is not well understood. The beam-helicity asymmetry is a polarization observable that provides information on interfering production mechanisms in ...


Measurements Of Photon Beam Intensity At The High Intensity Gamma-Ray Source (Higs) Facility For Astrophysically Relevant Photodisintegration Reaction Cross Section, Evan G. Meekins May 2016

Measurements Of Photon Beam Intensity At The High Intensity Gamma-Ray Source (Higs) Facility For Astrophysically Relevant Photodisintegration Reaction Cross Section, Evan G. Meekins

Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current

How nuclear reactions in stars and stellar explosions such as supernovae have forged the elements out of hydrogen and helium leftover from the Big Bang is a longstanding, still timely research topic in nuclear astrophysics. Although there is a fairly complete understanding of the production of the chemical elements and their isotopes up to iron by nuclear fusion in stars, important details concerning the production of the elements from iron to uranium remain puzzling. Current knowledge is that the nucleosynthesis beyond iron proceeds mainly via neutron capture reactions and subsequent electron decays to stability. However, some 35 proton-rich stable isotopes ...


Hard Qcd Processes In The Nuclear Medium, Adam Freese Mar 2016

Hard Qcd Processes In The Nuclear Medium, Adam Freese

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The environment inside the atomic nucleus is one of the most fascinating arenas for the study of quantum chromodynamics (QCD). The strongly-interacting nature of the nuclear medium affects the nature of both QCD processes and the quark-gluon structure of hadrons, allowing several unique aspects of the strong nuclear force to be investigated in reactions involving nuclear targets. The research presented in this dissertation explores two aspects of nuclear QCD: firstly, the partonic structure of the nucleus itself; and secondly, the use of the nucleus as a micro-laboratory in which QCD processes can be studied.

The partonic structure of the nucleus ...


On The Spin Evolution Of Isolated Pulsars, Oliver Quinn Hamil Aug 2015

On The Spin Evolution Of Isolated Pulsars, Oliver Quinn Hamil

Doctoral Dissertations

Neutron stars are the remnants of supernova explosions, and harbor the densest matter found in the universe. Because of their extreme physical characteristics, neutron stars make superb laboratories from which to study the nature of matter under conditions of extreme density that are not reproducible on Earth. The understanding of QCD matter is of fundamental importance to modern physics, and neutron stars provide a means of probing into the cold, dense region of the QCD phase diagram.

Isolated pulsars are rotating neutron stars that emit beams of electromagnetic radiation into space which appear like lighthouses to observers on Earth. Observations ...


Relativistic And Non-Relativistic Proton-Nucleus Scattering, Kinsey Ann Elisabeth Zarske-Williamson May 2015

Relativistic And Non-Relativistic Proton-Nucleus Scattering, Kinsey Ann Elisabeth Zarske-Williamson

Honors Theses

Calculations for proton-nucleus scattering often rely on transition amplitudes. We implement new transition amplitudes [7] with the relativistic equations. We can find the matrix elements of the operators between the usual Dirac spinor basis or the helicity spinor basis. The operators can also be written as a linear combination of non-relativistic spin operators. To transform from one basis to another, we need to find a transformation matrix. We must establish what one of the factors that appears in the transformed expression means in order to correctly complete our transformation matrix. Once this is resolved, our transformation matrix will be complete.


Design And Model Of The Frame For Hagrid (Hybrid Array Of Gamma Ray Detectors), Santiago Munoz Dec 2014

Design And Model Of The Frame For Hagrid (Hybrid Array Of Gamma Ray Detectors), Santiago Munoz

Masters Theses

Transfer reactions in inverse kinematics have provided critical information in the study of exotic nuclei. However, transfer reactions with charged particles suffer from poor resolution. The measurement of gamma-rays offers several advantages: they provide not only good resolution in measurements but also other information about the nuclei like lifetimes of unstable states. The combination of these two methods would be the ideal situation to gather information about nuclear structure.

HAGRiD, which stands for The Hybrid Array of Gamma Ray Detectors, is a LaBr3(Ce) [lanthanum bromide crystal with a cerium activator] scintillation array to measure gamma rays from transfer reactions ...


Re-Analysis Of The World Data On The Emc Effect And Extrapolation To Nuclear Matter, Stacy E. Karthas Jan 2014

Re-Analysis Of The World Data On The Emc Effect And Extrapolation To Nuclear Matter, Stacy E. Karthas

Honors Theses and Capstones

The EMC effect has been investigated by physicists over the past 30 years since it was discovered at CERN. This effect shows that the internal nucleon structure varies when in the nuclear medium. Data from SLAC E139 and JLab E03 103 were studied with the Coulomb correction and directly compared. The Coulomb distortion had a greater impact on the JLab data due to slightly lower energies and different kinematics. The EMC ratio was found to have a dependence on a kinematic variable, which was removed when Coulomb corrections were applied. The methodology was developed to apply Coulomb corrections, which had ...


First Observation Of 15be, J. Snyder, T. Baumann, G. Christian, R. A. Haring-Kaye, P. A. Deyoung, Z. Kohley, B. Luther, M. Mosby, S. Mosby, A. Simon, J. K. Smith, A. Spyrou, Sharon L. Stephenson, M. Thoennessen Sep 2013

First Observation Of 15be, J. Snyder, T. Baumann, G. Christian, R. A. Haring-Kaye, P. A. Deyoung, Z. Kohley, B. Luther, M. Mosby, S. Mosby, A. Simon, J. K. Smith, A. Spyrou, Sharon L. Stephenson, M. Thoennessen

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The neutron-unbound nucleus 15Be was observed for the first time. It was populated using neutron transfer from a deuterated polyethylene target with a 59 MeV/u 14Be beam. Neutrons were measured in coincidence with outgoing 14Be particles and the reconstructed decay energy spectrum exhibits a resonance at 1.8(1) MeV. This corresponds to 15Be being unbound by 0.45 MeV more then 16Be thus significantly hindering the sequential two-neutron decay of 16Be to 14Be through this state.


The Role Of Llnl's Fast Calibration Facility In Diagnosing Nif Fusion Plasmas, Joshua G. Thompson, Carey Scott, Greg V. Brown Aug 2011

The Role Of Llnl's Fast Calibration Facility In Diagnosing Nif Fusion Plasmas, Joshua G. Thompson, Carey Scott, Greg V. Brown

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

The Fusion and Astrophysics (FAST) Calibration and Diagnostic Facility uses the original Electron Beam Ion Trap (EBIT-I) to profile x-ray filters that are used in the Dante Soft X-Ray Diagnostic at the National Ignition Facility (NIF). FAST has an advantage over any other facility not only for its high accuracy, but also for its proximity to NIF in the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). This makes for highly accurate and near-instantaneous filter calibration turnover.

EBIT-I was first constructed to create, trap, and observe static highly charged ions (HCIs) and conduct experimental astrophysics (creating an x-ray spectroscopy catalogue of ions). To ...


Isomers And Seniority In The Trans-Pb Nuclei, J. J. Ressler, C. W. Beausang, R. F. Casten, N. V. Zamfir, H. Ai, H. Amro, M. Babilon, R. Cakirli, J. A. Caggiano, G. Gurdal, A. Heinz, R. O. Hughes, S. D. Langdown, E. A. Mccutchan, D. A. Meyer, C. Plettner, J. Qian, P. H. Regan, M.J. S. Sciacchitano, N. J. Thomas, E. Williams, A. Yamamoto Sep 2005

Isomers And Seniority In The Trans-Pb Nuclei, J. J. Ressler, C. W. Beausang, R. F. Casten, N. V. Zamfir, H. Ai, H. Amro, M. Babilon, R. Cakirli, J. A. Caggiano, G. Gurdal, A. Heinz, R. O. Hughes, S. D. Langdown, E. A. Mccutchan, D. A. Meyer, C. Plettner, J. Qian, P. H. Regan, M.J. S. Sciacchitano, N. J. Thomas, E. Williams, A. Yamamoto

Physics Faculty Publications

Low-energy excited states of 210Ra and 208Ra were investigated at the Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory of Yale University. Fusion evaporation recoils were selected using the gas-filled spectrometer, SASSYER. Delayed γ -rays, following isomeric decays, were detected at the focal plane of SASSYER with a small array of HPGe detectors. Transitions following the proposed J π = 8+ isomers were observed, and the half-lives measured. The experiments are discussed and results compared to expectations from the seniority scheme.


Theoretical Status Of The Top Quark Cross Section, Nikolaos Kidonakis, Ramona Vogt Jun 2005

Theoretical Status Of The Top Quark Cross Section, Nikolaos Kidonakis, Ramona Vogt

Faculty Publications

We discuss the most recent calculations of the top quark total cross section and transverse momentum distributions at the Tevatron and the LHC. These calculations include the soft-gluon corrections at next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO). The soft NNLO corrections stabilize the scale dependence of the cross section.


Systematic Study Of High-Pt Di-Jet Correlations In Nuclear Collisions With The Phenix Experiment At Rhic , Nathan Conrad Grau Jan 2005

Systematic Study Of High-Pt Di-Jet Correlations In Nuclear Collisions With The Phenix Experiment At Rhic , Nathan Conrad Grau

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

One major goal of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory on Long Island, New York, is to create and study the quark-gluon plasma (QGP). This state of matter results from the phase transition of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) at extremely high temperature (1012 K) and densities (100 times normal nuclear matter). Au ions are collided in an attempt to increase the temperature necessary to cross the phase boundary. To study the properties of this new matter, high energy jets are used as a probe. Jets are a collimated spray of hadrons resulting from the fragmentation of high-energy ...


Nearest-Neighbor-Atom Core-Hole Transfer In Isolated Molecules, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, D. Rolles, S. W. Yu, A. Wolska, I. Tran, A. C. Hudson, J. Baker, Dennis W. Lindle Jun 2004

Nearest-Neighbor-Atom Core-Hole Transfer In Isolated Molecules, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, D. Rolles, S. W. Yu, A. Wolska, I. Tran, A. C. Hudson, J. Baker, Dennis W. Lindle

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

A new phenomenon sensitive only to next-door-neighbor atoms in isolated molecules is demonstrated using angle-resolved photoemission of site-selective core electrons. Evidence for this interatomic core-to-core electron interaction is observable only by measuring nondipolar angular distributions of photoelectrons. In essence, the phenomenon acts as a very fine atomic-scale sensor of nearest-neighbor elemental identity.


Extraction Of Jet Properties From Two Particle Azimuthal Correlations In Pp And Auau Collisions At [Square Root Of S Subscript Nn] = 200 Gev , Paul Constantin Jan 2004

Extraction Of Jet Properties From Two Particle Azimuthal Correlations In Pp And Auau Collisions At [Square Root Of S Subscript Nn] = 200 Gev , Paul Constantin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two particle azimuthal correlation functions measured in pp and AuAu collisions at sNN = 200 GeV at midrapidity with the central arms of the PHENIX detector are analyzed in order to extract the properties of hadronic jets produced in QCD vacuum and highly excited QCD media, like the jet shape parameters jT and kT, the jet conditional yields (number of associated hadrons per high pT trigger hadron) and the jet fragmentation function.;The analysis of pp data starts with the measurement of the vacuum fragmentation function from which the pT dependence of the mean fragmentation momentum fraction 〈z〉 is extracted. We ...


Dramatic Nondipole Effects In Low-Energy Photoionization: Experimental And Theoretical Study Of Xe 5s, Oliver Hemmers, Renaud Guillemin, E. P. Kanter, B. Krassig, Dennis W. Lindle, S. H. Southworth, R. Wehlitz, J. Baker, A. C. Hudson, M. Lotrakul, D. Rolles, Wayne C. Stolte, I. Tran, A. Wolska, S. Yu, M. Ya Amusia, K. T. Cheng, L. V. Chernysheva, W. R. Johnson, S. T. Manson Aug 2003

Dramatic Nondipole Effects In Low-Energy Photoionization: Experimental And Theoretical Study Of Xe 5s, Oliver Hemmers, Renaud Guillemin, E. P. Kanter, B. Krassig, Dennis W. Lindle, S. H. Southworth, R. Wehlitz, J. Baker, A. C. Hudson, M. Lotrakul, D. Rolles, Wayne C. Stolte, I. Tran, A. Wolska, S. Yu, M. Ya Amusia, K. T. Cheng, L. V. Chernysheva, W. R. Johnson, S. T. Manson

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

The Xe 5s nondipole photoelectron parameter γ is obtained experimentally and theoretically from threshold to ∼200  eV photon energy. Significant nondipole effects are seen even in the threshold region of this valence shell photoionization. In addition, contrary to previous understanding, clear evidence of interchannel coupling among quadrupole photoionization channels is found.


E1-E2 Interference In The Vuv Photoionization Of He, E. P. Kanter, B. Krassig, S. H. Southworth, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, Dennis W. Lindle, R. Wehlitz, M. Ya Amusia, L. V. Chernysheva, N. L. S. Martin Jul 2003

E1-E2 Interference In The Vuv Photoionization Of He, E. P. Kanter, B. Krassig, S. H. Southworth, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, Dennis W. Lindle, R. Wehlitz, M. Ya Amusia, L. V. Chernysheva, N. L. S. Martin

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

We have measured the forward-backward asymmetry of photoelectron angular distributions produced in the vacuum ultraviolet photoionization of helium. This asymmetry, a consequence of the breakdown of the dipole approximation, measures the real part of the ratio of the quadrupole and dipole matrix elements. In the autoionization region, the strong energy dependence of the asymmetry permits an experimental separation of the ratio of those magnitudes from their phase difference. We experimentally determined the Fano parameters of the 2p21D2 quadrupole resonance, and report improved values of the width Γ and line profile parameter q from those previously available ...


Theoretical Models Of Many-Quark Bound States , Richard Jeffrey Lloyd Jan 2003

Theoretical Models Of Many-Quark Bound States , Richard Jeffrey Lloyd

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The foundations of Many-Fermion Dynamics (MFD) are developed with special attention paid to a treatment of color and flavor degrees of freedom. From these ingredients a framework was developed to calculate the properties of many-fermion bound states. The quark implementation of MFD (MFDq) was extensively tested on the 2-body problem against the established nucleon implementation of MFD (MFDn). We were able to perform a limited set of self-consistency checks of MFDq in the 4-body problem to test a proper treatment of all computed matrix elements.;Finally, calculations are presented using MFDn to predict the properties of 4-body charmonium bound states ...


Statistical And Thermal Properties Of Mesoscopic Systems: Application To The Many-Nucleon System , Bassam A. Shehadeh Jan 2003

Statistical And Thermal Properties Of Mesoscopic Systems: Application To The Many-Nucleon System , Bassam A. Shehadeh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The dissertation investigates the statistical and thermal properties of mesoscopic systems and applies it to the multi-nucleon systems. The investigation was carried out using four approaches starting from the simplest and progressing to the more sophisticated. The first approach develops and employs the three-dimensional simple harmonic oscillator (3D-SHO) quantum statistics to obtain the thermal properties of multi-particle systems. The recently discovered method that relates the single particle oscillator properties to the multi particle oscillator is applied. The approach is successful in predicting observables at temperatures beginning slightly above the ground state domain for nuclear systems. The 3D-SHO potential function is ...


Non-Dipolar Electron Angular Distributions From Fixed-In-Space Molecules, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, Dennis W. Lindle, E. Shigemasa, K. Le Guen, D. Ceolin, C. Miron, N. Leclercq, P. Morin, Marc Simon, P. W. Langhoff Jul 2002

Non-Dipolar Electron Angular Distributions From Fixed-In-Space Molecules, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, Dennis W. Lindle, E. Shigemasa, K. Le Guen, D. Ceolin, C. Miron, N. Leclercq, P. Morin, Marc Simon, P. W. Langhoff

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

The first indication of nondipole effects in the azimuthal dependence of photoelectron angular distributions emitted from fixed-in-space molecules is demonstrated in N2. Comparison of the results with angular distributions observed for randomly oriented molecules and theoretical derivations for the nondipole correction first order in photon momentum suggests that higher orders will be needed to describe distributions measured in the molecular frame.


Antiprotons And Other Nuclear Matters , Brett Steven Fadem Jan 2002

Antiprotons And Other Nuclear Matters , Brett Steven Fadem

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

We present antiproton invariant multiplicities from Experiment 941 using 12 and 19 GeV/c proton beams incident upon targets of Pb, Cu and Be. Since we are currently unable to calculate antiproton yields in this regime from first principles, we must rely on empirical data in order to answer questions involving antibaryon production at these energies. Typically, the motivation for studying this topic using proton-nucleus (p-A) collisions is to shed light on antiproton production in the more complicated collisions between heavy nuclei (A-A). For this reason, this thesis will use the measured target dependence to illuminate issues relating to annihilation ...


Hadron Structures And Decays Within Quantum Chromodynamics , Alaa Abd El-Hady Jan 1998

Hadron Structures And Decays Within Quantum Chromodynamics , Alaa Abd El-Hady

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

We have evaluated the meson spectrum using a relativistic model based on reductions of Bethe-Salpeter equation. We included one gluon exchange from Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) and phenomenological confinement in the interaction kernel. We used an ansatz for the running of the coupling constant with the meson masses. We fitted more than forty states ranging from a hundred MeV to a few GeV using seven parameters, with root mean square deviation from experimental data of 40-50 MeV. This establishes our successful QCD-based model for many applications which we investigate;We employed our model to examine the strong interaction medium effects on ...