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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Size-Controlled Synthesis Of Nickel Nanoparticles Enclosed In Carbon Nanocages, Felicity Peebles, Grigorii Rudakov Apr 2020

Size-Controlled Synthesis Of Nickel Nanoparticles Enclosed In Carbon Nanocages, Felicity Peebles, Grigorii Rudakov

Undergraduate Arts and Research Showcase

We have demonstrated a simple, scalable, and tunable method of obtaining densely packed Ni Nanoparticles encapsulated in Carbon Nanocages (Ni@CNCs). Using a facile method, it was shown that via a simple annealing process of precursor based on nickel acetate and citric acid, Ni@CNCs with sizes varying from 5 to 20 nm can be synthesized by changing the heating ramp rate during the synthesis from 25 to 53 °C/min. The final temperature of 600 °C was held for 10 min, and was the same for all the samples. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) multiple peaks analysis was performed to show ...


Erratum: "Imaging The Three‐Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri‐Spot Point Spread Function", Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew Aug 2019

Erratum: "Imaging The Three‐Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri‐Spot Point Spread Function", Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew

Electrical & Systems Engineering Publications and Presentations

In the original paper, a calibration error exists in the image-formation model used to analyze experimental images taken by our microscope, causing a bias in the orientation measurements in Figs. 2 and 3. The updated measurements are shown in Fig. E1. We have also updated the supplementary material for the original article to discuss the revised PSF model and estimation algorithms (supplementary material 2) and show the revised model and measurements (Figs. S1, S3, S7, S8, and S10–S13).


Polymer Infiltration Under Extreme Confinement, David Ring Jan 2019

Polymer Infiltration Under Extreme Confinement, David Ring

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Polymer nanocomposites with high nanoparticle loadings are ubiquitous in nature but difficult to replicate synthetically. A simple technique to create such polymer nanocomposites is to form a bi-layer of a nanoparticle thin film atop a polymer thin film and anneal above the polymer glass transition temperature to induce wicking. This Capillary Rise Infiltration (CaRI) of polymers into nanoparticle thin films is a promising method to create interesting biomimetic composites with enhanced material properties, but also raises important theoretical questions about confinement, capillarity, and polymer dynamics. Therefore, I use molecular dynamics simulations (MD) and continuum theory to understand the impact of ...


Charge Storage In Wo³ Polymorphs And Their Application As Supercapacitor Electrode Material, Vaibhav Lokhande, Abhishek Lokhande, Gon Namkoong, Jin Hyeok Kim, Taeksoo Ji Jan 2019

Charge Storage In Wo³ Polymorphs And Their Application As Supercapacitor Electrode Material, Vaibhav Lokhande, Abhishek Lokhande, Gon Namkoong, Jin Hyeok Kim, Taeksoo Ji

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Tungsten oxide is a versatile material with different applications. It has many polymorphs with varying performance in energy storage application. We report simple and facile way to synthesize four phases of tungsten oxide from same precursor materials only by changing the pH and temperature values. Monoclinic, hexagonal, orthorhombic and tetragonal phase obtained, were analyzed and tested for supercapacitor application. The electrochemical analysis of four phases indicates that the hexagonal phase is best-suited electrode material for supercapacitor. The hexagonal phase exhibits higher specific capacitance (377.5 Fg-1 at 2 mVs-1), higher surface capacitive contribution (75%), better stability and rate ...


Photoemission Electron Microscopy To Characterize Slow Light In A Photonic Crystal Line Defect, Theodore Stedmark, Rolf Könenkamp Jan 2019

Photoemission Electron Microscopy To Characterize Slow Light In A Photonic Crystal Line Defect, Theodore Stedmark, Rolf Könenkamp

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Using femtosecond nonlinear photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) we provide a detailed characterization of slow light in a small-size asymmetric photonic crystal structure. We show that PEEM is capable of providing a unique description of the light propagation in such structures by direct imaging of the guided mode. This noninvasive characterization technique allows modal properties such as effective index, phase velocities, and group velocities to be determined. Combining experimental results with finite element method simulation calculations, we study slow light phenomena in a photonic crystal defect mode, and we produce a comprehensive picture of the mechanisms behind it. Our results illustrate ...


Structural Instability And Dynamic Emission Fluctuations In Zinc Oxide Random Lasers, Zachariah Peterson, Robert Campbell Word, Rolf Könenkamp Aug 2018

Structural Instability And Dynamic Emission Fluctuations In Zinc Oxide Random Lasers, Zachariah Peterson, Robert Campbell Word, Rolf Könenkamp

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

We report experimental results on the structural stability of optically pumped zinc oxide random lasers. We find that the lasing threshold is not entirely stable and depends on the accumulated light exposure received in pulsed optical pumping. We show that exposure levels below ∼1.5 kJ/cm2 improve the lasing efficiency and lower the lasing threshold. Beyond that value, however, lasing efficiency and threshold begin to degrade. Electron microscopy shows that the degradation is accompanied by morphological changes characteristic of melting. These changes become visible at an exposure of ∼0.7 kJ/cm2. We suggest that the melting is initially ...


Imaging The Three-Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri-Spot Point Spread Function, Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew Jun 2018

Imaging The Three-Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri-Spot Point Spread Function, Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew

Electrical & Systems Engineering Publications and Presentations

Fluorescence photons emitted by single molecules contain rich information regarding their rotational motions, but adapting single-molecule localization microscopy (SMLM) to measure their orientations and rotational mobilities with high precision remains a challenge. Inspired by dipole radiation patterns, we design and implement a Tri-spot point spread function (PSF) that simultaneously measures the three-dimensional orientation and the rotational mobility of dipole-like emitters across a large field of view. We show that the orientation measurements done using the Tri-spot PSF are sufficiently accurate to correct the anisotropy-based localization bias, from 30 nm to 7 nm, in SMLM. We further characterize the emission anisotropy ...


Mesoscale Computational Studies Of Thin-Film Bijels, Joseph M. Carmack May 2018

Mesoscale Computational Studies Of Thin-Film Bijels, Joseph M. Carmack

Theses and Dissertations

Bijels are a relatively new class of soft materials that have many potential applications in the technology areas of energy, medicine, and environmental sustainability. They are formed by the arrest of binary liquid spinodal decomposition by a dispersion of solid colloidal nanoparticles. This dissertation presents an in-depth simulation study of Bijels constrained to thin-film geometries and in the presence of electric fields. We validate the computational model by comparing simulation results with previous computational modeling and experimental research. In the absence of suspended particles, we demonstrate that the model accurately captures the rich kinetics associated with diffusion-based surface-directed spinodal decomposition ...


Investigating Phase Transition Temperatures Of Size Separated Gadolinium Silicide Magnetic Nanoparticles, Shivakumar G. Hunagund, Shane M. Harstad, Ahmed A. El-Gendy, Shalbh Gupta, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Ravi L. Hadimani May 2018

Investigating Phase Transition Temperatures Of Size Separated Gadolinium Silicide Magnetic Nanoparticles, Shivakumar G. Hunagund, Shane M. Harstad, Ahmed A. El-Gendy, Shalbh Gupta, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Ravi L. Hadimani

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Gadolinium silicide (Gd5Si4) nanoparticles (NPs) exhibit different properties compared to their parent bulk materials due to finite size, shape, and surface effects. NPs were prepared by high energy ball-milling of the as-cast Gd5Si4ingot and size separated into eight fractions using time sensitive sedimentation in an applied dc magnetic field with average particle sizes ranging from 700 nm to 82 nm. The largest Gd5Si4 NPs order ferromagnetically at 316 K. A second anomaly observed at 110 K can be ascribed to a Gd5Si3 impurity. As the particle sizes decrease, the volume fraction of Gd5Si3 phase increases at the expense of the ...


The Influence Of A Surface On Hysteresis Loops For Single-Domain Ferromagnetic Nanoparticles, Saad Alsari Jan 2018

The Influence Of A Surface On Hysteresis Loops For Single-Domain Ferromagnetic Nanoparticles, Saad Alsari

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

The influence of surface effects on a hysteresis loop for single domain, ferromagnetic nanoparticles was examined. Theoretical equations were derived to describe the magnetic behavior of the domains and a MATLAB program was used to solve them. M-H curves were calculated for the case when a magnetic field is applied in the favorable magnetization direction (easy axis). In contrast, the calculations show there were no hysteresis loops when the magnetic field was applied perpendicular to the easy axis. Our studies showed how parameters of the surface such as a associated with saturation magnetization near the surface of nanoparticles and Ks ...


Block-Copolymer Assisted Fabrication Of Anisotropic Plasmonic Nanostructures, Calbi J. Gunder Jan 2018

Block-Copolymer Assisted Fabrication Of Anisotropic Plasmonic Nanostructures, Calbi J. Gunder

MSU Graduate Theses

The anisotropic nanostructures of noble metals are of great interest for plasmonic applications due to the possibility of tuning the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) across the UV-VIS-NIR without sacrificing the linewidth as well as to achieve larger local field enhancement. Here, we report a simple and promising fabrication method of anisotropic gold nanostructures film using polystyrene-b-2vinylpyridine (PS-b-P2VP) block copolymers (BCP) as a template. In this approach, PS-b-P2VP spherical micelles were first synthesized as a template followed by selective deposition of Au precursor inside P2VP core of the micelles using ethanol solution of Au salt. Subsequently, heat treatment of the ...


Zno Nanoparticles Modulate The Ionic Transport And Voltage Regulation Of Lysenin Nanochannels, Sheenah L. Bryant, Josh E. Eixenberger, Steven Rossland, Holly Apsley, Connor Hoffman, Nisha Shrestha, Michael Mchugh, Alex Punnoose, Daniel Fologea Dec 2017

Zno Nanoparticles Modulate The Ionic Transport And Voltage Regulation Of Lysenin Nanochannels, Sheenah L. Bryant, Josh E. Eixenberger, Steven Rossland, Holly Apsley, Connor Hoffman, Nisha Shrestha, Michael Mchugh, Alex Punnoose, Daniel Fologea

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: The insufficient understanding of unintended biological impacts from nanomaterials (NMs) represents a serious impediment to their use for scientific, technological, and medical applications. While previous studies have focused on understanding nanotoxicity effects mostly resulting from cellular internalization, recent work indicates that NMs may interfere with transmembrane transport mechanisms, hence enabling contributions to nanotoxicity by affecting key biological activities dependent on transmembrane transport. In this line of inquiry, we investigated the effects of charged nanoparticles (NPs) on the transport properties of lysenin, a pore-forming toxin that shares fundamental features with ion channels such as regulation and high transport rate.

Results ...


Investigation Of Iron Oxide Nanocolloidal Suspension Diffusion Using A Direct Imaging Method, Ashley E. Rice, Ana Oprisan Nov 2017

Investigation Of Iron Oxide Nanocolloidal Suspension Diffusion Using A Direct Imaging Method, Ashley E. Rice, Ana Oprisan

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

We performed a set of experiments using a direct imaging method to investigate the diffusion process of iron oxide, Fe2O3, nanoparticles. We studied concentration fluctuations that move against the concentration gradient and induce disturbances in the interface between the iron oxide suspension and water in the sample cell. Using this imaging method in combination with the differential dynamic algorithm for image processing, we are able to extract information about the power, size, and lifetime of the fluctuations. We performed this experiment both in the presence and in the absence of a 4.2 mT magnetic field. We ...


Assembly Of Particles Onto Rigid Cylinders And Flexible Membranes: Probing Effects Of Surface Curvature And Deformation, Derek Wood Nov 2017

Assembly Of Particles Onto Rigid Cylinders And Flexible Membranes: Probing Effects Of Surface Curvature And Deformation, Derek Wood

Doctoral Dissertations

In this thesis we explore two specific topics within the broad field of particle adhesion. First, we examine the effect of substrate shape and geometry on the self assembly of adsorbed particles, by performing molecular dynamics simulations of interacting particles constrained to the surface of cylinders of varying diameters. We find the diameter of the cylinder imposes a constraint on the shape and crystallographic orientation of the self-assembled lattice, essentially determining the optimal arrangement of particles a priori. We propose a simple one-dimensional model to explain the optimal arrangement of particles as a function of the particle interaction potential and ...


Ion Transport Across Biological Membranes By Carborane-Capped Gold Nanoparticles, Marcin P. Grzelczak, Stephen P. Danks, Robert C. Klipp, Domagoj Belic, Adnana Zaulet, Casper Kunstmann-Olsen, Dan F. Bradley, Tatsuya Tsukuda, Clara ViñAs, Francesc Teixidor, Jonathan J. Abramson, Mathias Brust Nov 2017

Ion Transport Across Biological Membranes By Carborane-Capped Gold Nanoparticles, Marcin P. Grzelczak, Stephen P. Danks, Robert C. Klipp, Domagoj Belic, Adnana Zaulet, Casper Kunstmann-Olsen, Dan F. Bradley, Tatsuya Tsukuda, Clara ViñAs, Francesc Teixidor, Jonathan J. Abramson, Mathias Brust

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Carborane-capped gold nanoparticles (Au/carborane NPs, 2–3 nm) can act as artificial ion transporters across biological membranes. The particles themselves are large hydrophobic anions that have the ability to disperse in aqueous media and to partition over both sides of a phospholipid bilayer membrane. Their presence therefore causes a membrane potential that is determined by the relative concentrations of particles on each side of the membrane according to the Nernst equation. The particles tend to adsorb to both sides of the membrane and can flip across if changes in membrane potential require their repartitioning. Such changes can be made ...


Magnetic Sensing Potential Of Fe3o4 Nanocubes Exceeds That Of Fe3o4 Nanospheres, Arati G. Kolhatkar, Yi-Ting Chen, Pawilai Chinwangso, Ivan Nekrashevich, Chamath Dannangoda, Ankit Singh, Andrew C. Jamison, Oussama Zenasni, Irene A. Rusakova, Karen S. Martirosyan Nov 2017

Magnetic Sensing Potential Of Fe3o4 Nanocubes Exceeds That Of Fe3o4 Nanospheres, Arati G. Kolhatkar, Yi-Ting Chen, Pawilai Chinwangso, Ivan Nekrashevich, Chamath Dannangoda, Ankit Singh, Andrew C. Jamison, Oussama Zenasni, Irene A. Rusakova, Karen S. Martirosyan

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper highlights the relation between the shape of iron oxide (Fe3O4) particles and their magnetic sensing ability. We synthesized Fe3O4 nanocubes and nanospheres having tunable sizes via solvothermal and thermal decomposition synthesis reactions, respectively, to obtain samples in which the volumes and body diagonals/diameters were equivalent. Vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) data showed that the saturation magnetization (Ms) and coercivity of 100–225 nm cubic magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were, respectively, 1.4–3.0 and 1.1–8.4 times those of spherical MNPs on a same-volume and same-body diagonal/diameter basis. The Curie temperature for the cubic ...


Variations In Biocorona Formation Related To Defects In The Structure Of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes And The Hyperlipidemic Disease State, Achyut J. Raghavendra, Kristofer Fritz, Sherleen Fu, Jared M. Brown, Ramakrishna Podila, Jonathan H. Shannahan Aug 2017

Variations In Biocorona Formation Related To Defects In The Structure Of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes And The Hyperlipidemic Disease State, Achyut J. Raghavendra, Kristofer Fritz, Sherleen Fu, Jared M. Brown, Ramakrishna Podila, Jonathan H. Shannahan

Publications

Ball-milling utilizes mechanical stress to modify properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) including size, capping, and functionalization. Ball-milling, however, may introduce structural defects resulting in altered CNT-biomolecule interactions. Nanomaterial-biomolecule interactions result in the formation of the biocorona (BC), which alters nanomaterial properties, function, and biological responses. The formation of the BC is governed by the nanomaterial physicochemical properties and the physiological environment. Underlying disease states such as cardiovascular disease can alter the biological milieu possibly leading to unique BC identities. In this ex vivo study, we evaluated variations in the formation of the BC on single-walled CNTs (SWCNTs) due to physicochemical ...


Optical Modeling And Analysis Of Disordered Plasmonic Nanoparticle Ensembles, Chen Li Jan 2017

Optical Modeling And Analysis Of Disordered Plasmonic Nanoparticle Ensembles, Chen Li

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Plasmonic nanoparticle synthesis provids a facile and cost-effective bottom-up solution to fabrication of nanoscaled structures. With effective packaging methods like embedding into polymer composites and superlattice assemblies, the chemically synthesized nanoparticles are promising candidates for functional devices. However, compared with precisely patterned surfaces commonly used for device fabrication, the structural inhomogenity and disorder in nanoparticle ensembles give rise to challenge in their characterization using conventional methods and in turn, their application. This work aims to develop models as guideline to design facile characterization methods that can be used to effectively describe the properties of disordered plasmonic nanoparticle ensembles. Two types ...


Influence Of Line Tension On Spherical Colloidal Particles At Liquid-Vapor Interfaces, Sean P. Mcbride, Bruce M. Law Oct 2016

Influence Of Line Tension On Spherical Colloidal Particles At Liquid-Vapor Interfaces, Sean P. Mcbride, Bruce M. Law

Dr. Sean P. McBride

Atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging of isolated submicron dodecyltrichlorosilane coated silica spheres, immobilized at the liquid polystyrene- (PS-) air interface at the PS glass transition temperature, Tg , allows for determination of the contact angle θ versus particle radius R . At Tg , all θ versus R measurements are well described by the modified Young’s equation for a line tension τ=0.93  nN . The AFM measurements are also consistent with a minimum contact angle θmin and minimum radius Rmin , below which single isolated silica spheres cannot exist at the PS-air interface.


Fracture And Failure Of Nanoparticle Monolayers And Multilayers, Yifan Wang, Pongsakorn Kanjanaboos, Edward Barry Edward Barry, Sean P. Mcbride, Xiao-Min Lin, Heinrich M. Jaeger Sep 2016

Fracture And Failure Of Nanoparticle Monolayers And Multilayers, Yifan Wang, Pongsakorn Kanjanaboos, Edward Barry Edward Barry, Sean P. Mcbride, Xiao-Min Lin, Heinrich M. Jaeger

Dr. Sean P. McBride

We present an experimental investigation of fracture in self-assembled gold nanoparticle mono- and multilayers attached to elastomer substrates and subjected to tensile stress. Imaging the fracture patterns down to the scale of single particles provides detailed information about the crack width distribution and allows us to compare the scaling of the average crack spacing as a function of strain with predictions by shear-lag models. With increasing particle size, the fracture strength is found to increase while it decreases as the film thickness is built up layer by layer, indicating stress inhomogeneity in the thickness dimension.


Nanostructured Organic/Inorganic Semicondutor Photovoltaics: Investigation On Morphology And Optoelectronics Performance, Aruna Wanninayake May 2016

Nanostructured Organic/Inorganic Semicondutor Photovoltaics: Investigation On Morphology And Optoelectronics Performance, Aruna Wanninayake

Theses and Dissertations

Organic solar cell is a promising technology because of the versatility of organic materials in terms of tunability of their electrical and optical properties. In addition, their relative insensitivity to film imperfections potentially allows for very low-cost high-throughput roll-to-roll processing. However, the power conversion efficiency of organic solar cell is still limited and needs to be improved in order to be competitive with grid parity. This work is focused on the design and characterization of a new organic/inorganic hybrid device to enhance the efficiency factors of bilayer organic solar cells such as: light absorption, exciton diffusion, exciton dissociation, charge ...


Symbiotic Plasmonic Nanomaterials: Synthesis And Properties, Abhinav Malasi May 2016

Symbiotic Plasmonic Nanomaterials: Synthesis And Properties, Abhinav Malasi

Doctoral Dissertations

Metal particles of the dimensions of the order of 1 to 100's of nanometers show unique properties that are not clearly evident in their bulk state. These nanoparticles are highly reactive and sensitive to the changes in the vicinity of the particle surface and hence find applications in the field of sensing of chemical and biological agents, catalysis, energy harvesting, data storage and many more. By synthesizing bimetallic nanoparticles, a single nanoparticle can show multifunctional characteristics. The focus of this thesis is to detail the synthesis and understand the properties of bimetallic nanomaterial systems that show interesting optical, chemical ...


Multi-Frequency Ferromagnetic Resonance Investigation Of Nickel Nanocubes Encapsulated In Diamagnetic Magnesium Oxide Matrix, Saritha Nellutla, Sudhakar Nori, Srinivasa R. Singamaneni, John T. Prater, Jagdish Narayan, Alix I. Smirnov Jan 2016

Multi-Frequency Ferromagnetic Resonance Investigation Of Nickel Nanocubes Encapsulated In Diamagnetic Magnesium Oxide Matrix, Saritha Nellutla, Sudhakar Nori, Srinivasa R. Singamaneni, John T. Prater, Jagdish Narayan, Alix I. Smirnov

Chemical Sciences Faculty Publications

Partially aligned nickel nanocubes were grown epitaxially in a diamagnetic magnesium oxide (MgO:Ni) host and studied by a continuous wave ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) spectroscopy at the X-band (9.5 GHz) from ca. 117 to 458 K and then at room temperature for multiple external magnetic fields/resonant frequencies from 9.5 to 330 GHz. In contrast to conventional magnetic susceptibility studies that provided data on the bulk magnetization, the FMR spectra revealed the presence of three different types of magnetic Ni nanocubes in the sample. Specifically, three different ferromagnetic resonances were observed in the X-band spectra: a line 1 ...


Slip-Jump Model For Carbon Combustion Synthesis Of Complex Oxide Nanoparticles, A. A. Markov, Mkhitar A. Hobosyan, Karen S. Martirosyan Jan 2016

Slip-Jump Model For Carbon Combustion Synthesis Of Complex Oxide Nanoparticles, A. A. Markov, Mkhitar A. Hobosyan, Karen S. Martirosyan

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

Carbon Combustion Synthesis of Oxides (CCSO) is a promising method to produce submicron- and nano- sized complex oxides. The CCSO was successfully utilized for producing several complex oxides, a complete theoretical model including the sample porosity, fl ow parameters and reaction energetics is needed to predict the combustion parameters for CCSO. In this work, we studied the ignition temperature and combustion wave axial temperature distribution, activation energy, combustion heat and thermal losses for a typical CCSO synthesis for cylindrical samples of Ni-Zn ferrites with high (>85%) porosity. We developed a two level combustion model of chemically active nano-dispersed mixture, using ...


In Vacuo Fabrication And Electronic Structure Characterization Of Atomic Layer Deposition Thin Films, Michael Schaefer Nov 2015

In Vacuo Fabrication And Electronic Structure Characterization Of Atomic Layer Deposition Thin Films, Michael Schaefer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Improvement of novel electronic devices is possible by tailor-designing the electronic structure at device interfaces. Common problems observed at interfaces are related to unwanted band alignment caused by the chemical diversity of interface partners, influencing device performance negatively. One way to address this problem is by introducing ultra-thin interfacial dipole layers, steering the band alignment in a desired direction. The requirements are strict in terms of thickness, conformity and low density of defects, making sophisticated deposition techniques necessary. Atomic layer deposition (ALD) with its Ångstrom-precise thickness control can fulfill those requirements.

The work presented here encompasses the implementation of an ...


Novel Magnetic And Optical Properties Of Sn1−XZnXO2 Nanoparticles, Nevil A. Franco, Kongara M. Reddy, Josh Eixenberger, Dmitri A. Tenne, Charles B. Hanna, Alex Punnoose May 2015

Novel Magnetic And Optical Properties Of Sn1−XZnXO2 Nanoparticles, Nevil A. Franco, Kongara M. Reddy, Josh Eixenberger, Dmitri A. Tenne, Charles B. Hanna, Alex Punnoose

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

In this work, we report on the effects of doping SnO2 nanoparticles with Zn2+ ions. A series of ∼2–3 nm sized Sn1−x ZnxO2 crystallite samples with 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.18 were synthesized using a forced hydrolysis method. Increasing dopant concentration caused systematic changes in the crystallite size, oxidation state of Sn, visible emission, and band gap of SnO2 nanoparticles. X-ray Diffraction studies confirmed the SnO2 phase purity and the absence of any impurity phases. Magnetic measurements at room temperature showed a weak ferromagnetic behavior characterized by an open hysteresis loop ...


Nanoparticle Plasmonics: Going Practical With Transition Metal Nitrides, U. Guler, V. M. Shalaev, A. Boltasseva Apr 2015

Nanoparticle Plasmonics: Going Practical With Transition Metal Nitrides, U. Guler, V. M. Shalaev, A. Boltasseva

U. Guler

Promising designs and experimental realizations of devices with unusual properties in the field of plasmonics have attracted a great deal of attention over the past few decades. However, the high expectations for realized technology products have not been met so far. The main complication is the absence of robust, high performance, low cost plasmonic materials that can be easily integrated into already established technologies such as microelectronics. This review provides a brief discussion on alternative plasmonic materials for localized surface plasmon applications and focuses on transition metal nitrides, in particular, titanium nitride, which has recently been shown to be a ...


Biophysical Interaction Between Nanoparticles And Biomolecules, Slaven Radic Apr 2015

Biophysical Interaction Between Nanoparticles And Biomolecules, Slaven Radic

All Dissertations

In the last two decades nanotechnology market has undergone remarkable growth. Breakthroughs in nanomaterial synthesis increased diverse nanomaterials production and subsequently their application. Owing to its large surface to volume ratio and remarkable physical properties not seen in the bulk materials, nanoparticles are finding emerging use in industry and medicine. Hence, it is expectable that at some point these nanomaterials will end up released into the environment and interact with bio systems. The purpose of this dissertation is to elicit implications of nanomaterial transformation once it gets inside biological milieu.


Real-Time Mri-Guided Catheter Tracking Using Hyperpolarized Silicon Particles, Nicholas Whiting, Jingzhe Hu, Jay V. Shah, Maja C. Cassidy, Erik Cressman, Niki Zacharias Millward, David G. Menter, Charles M. Marcus, Pratip K. Bhattacharya Jan 2015

Real-Time Mri-Guided Catheter Tracking Using Hyperpolarized Silicon Particles, Nicholas Whiting, Jingzhe Hu, Jay V. Shah, Maja C. Cassidy, Erik Cressman, Niki Zacharias Millward, David G. Menter, Charles M. Marcus, Pratip K. Bhattacharya

Nicholas Whiting

Visualizing the movement of angiocatheters during endovascular interventions is typically accomplished using x-ray fluoroscopy. There are many potential advantages to developing magnetic resonance imaging-based approaches that will allow three-dimensional imaging of the tissue/vasculature interface while monitoring other physiologically-relevant criteria, without exposing the patient or clinician team to ionizing radiation. Here we introduce a proof-of-concept development of a magnetic resonance imaging-guided catheter tracking method that utilizes hyperpolarized silicon particles. The increased signal of the silicon particles is generated via low-temperature, solid-state dynamic nuclear polarization, and the particles retain their enhanced signal for ≥40 minutes—allowing imaging experiments over extended time ...


Enhanced Magnetoimpedance And Microwave Absorption Responses Of Soft Ferromagnetic Materials For Biodetection And Energy Sensing, Jagannath Devkota Jan 2015

Enhanced Magnetoimpedance And Microwave Absorption Responses Of Soft Ferromagnetic Materials For Biodetection And Energy Sensing, Jagannath Devkota

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A combination of magnetic sensors with magnetic nanoparticles offers a promising approach for highly sensitive, simple, and rapid detection of cancer cells and biomolecules. The challenge facing the field of magnetic biosensing is the development of low-cost devices capable of superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID)-like field sensitivity at room temperature. In another area of interest, improving the sensitivity of existing electromagnetic field sensors for microwave energy sensing applications is an important and challenging task. In this dissertation, we have explored the excellent magnetoimpedance and microwave absorption responses of soft ferromagnetic amorphous ribbons and microwires for the development of high-performance ...