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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Fracture And Failure Of Nanoparticle Monolayers And Multilayers, Yifan Wang, Pongsakorn Kanjanaboos, Edward Barry Edward Barry, Sean P. Mcbride, Xiao-Min Lin, Heinrich M. Jaeger Sep 2016

Fracture And Failure Of Nanoparticle Monolayers And Multilayers, Yifan Wang, Pongsakorn Kanjanaboos, Edward Barry Edward Barry, Sean P. Mcbride, Xiao-Min Lin, Heinrich M. Jaeger

Dr. Sean P. McBride

We present an experimental investigation of fracture in self-assembled gold nanoparticle mono- and multilayers attached to elastomer substrates and subjected to tensile stress. Imaging the fracture patterns down to the scale of single particles provides detailed information about the crack width distribution and allows us to compare the scaling of the average crack spacing as a function of strain with predictions by shear-lag models. With increasing particle size, the fracture strength is found to increase while it decreases as the film thickness is built up layer by layer, indicating stress inhomogeneity in the thickness dimension.


Interface‐Coupled Bifeo3/Bimno3 Superlattices With Magnetic Transition Temperature Up To 410 K, Eun-Mi Choi, Josée E. Kliebeuker, Thomas Fix, Jie Xiong, Christy J. Kinane, Dario Arena, Sean Langridge, Aiping Chen, Zhenxing Bi, Joon Hwan Lee, Quanix Jia, Mark G. Blamire, Judith L. Macmanus-Driscoll Mar 2016

Interface‐Coupled Bifeo3/Bimno3 Superlattices With Magnetic Transition Temperature Up To 410 K, Eun-Mi Choi, Josée E. Kliebeuker, Thomas Fix, Jie Xiong, Christy J. Kinane, Dario Arena, Sean Langridge, Aiping Chen, Zhenxing Bi, Joon Hwan Lee, Quanix Jia, Mark G. Blamire, Judith L. Macmanus-Driscoll

Physics Faculty Publications

Enhanced magnetic transition temperatures are demonstrated in 50 nm thick (001)‐oriented (BiFeO3)m/(BiMnO3)m (BFO/BMO) superlattices (SL). Highly strained ultra‐short SLs showed a magnetic transition, TC2, up to ≈410 K as a result of ferrimagnetic interaction between BFO/BMO. All SL showed a new ferromagnetic transtion, TC1, of ≈150 K coming from Fe4+‐Fe4+ interaction explained by electron transfer/leakage from Fe3+ to Mn3+.


Fracture And Failure Of Nanoparticle Monolayers And Multilayers, Yifan Wang, Pongsakorn Kanjanaboos, Edward Barry Edward Barry, Sean P. Mcbride, Xiao-Min Lin, Heinrich M. Jaeger Jan 2014

Fracture And Failure Of Nanoparticle Monolayers And Multilayers, Yifan Wang, Pongsakorn Kanjanaboos, Edward Barry Edward Barry, Sean P. Mcbride, Xiao-Min Lin, Heinrich M. Jaeger

Physics Faculty Research

We present an experimental investigation of fracture in self-assembled gold nanoparticle mono- and multilayers attached to elastomer substrates and subjected to tensile stress. Imaging the fracture patterns down to the scale of single particles provides detailed information about the crack width distribution and allows us to compare the scaling of the average crack spacing as a function of strain with predictions by shear-lag models. With increasing particle size, the fracture strength is found to increase while it decreases as the film thickness is built up layer by layer, indicating stress inhomogeneity in the thickness dimension.


Nano-Cr-Film-Based Solar Selective Absorber With High Photo-Thermal Conversion Efficiency And Good Thermal Stability, Wei-Xi Zhou, Yan Shen, Er-Tao Hu, Yuan Zhao, Ming-Yu Sheng, Yu-Xiang Zheng, Song-You Wang, Young-Pak Lee, Cai-Zhuang Wang, David W. Lynch, Liang-Yao Chen Dec 2012

Nano-Cr-Film-Based Solar Selective Absorber With High Photo-Thermal Conversion Efficiency And Good Thermal Stability, Wei-Xi Zhou, Yan Shen, Er-Tao Hu, Yuan Zhao, Ming-Yu Sheng, Yu-Xiang Zheng, Song-You Wang, Young-Pak Lee, Cai-Zhuang Wang, David W. Lynch, Liang-Yao Chen

Physics and Astronomy Publications

Optical properties and thermal stability of the solar selective absorber based on the metal/dielectric four-layer film structure were investigated in the variable temperature region. Numerical calculations were performed to simulate the spectral properties of multilayer stacks with different metal materials and film thickness. The typical four-layer film structure using the transition metal Cr as the thin solar absorbing layer [SiO2(90nm)/Cr(10nm)/SiO2(80nm)/Al (≥100nm)] was fabricated on the Si or K9 glass substrate by using the magnetron sputtering method. The results indicate that the metal/dielectric film structure has a good spectral selective property ...


Ac Susceptibility Studies Of Discontinuous Co80fe20al2o3 Multilayers, Christian Binek Mar 2012

Ac Susceptibility Studies Of Discontinuous Co80fe20al2o3 Multilayers, Christian Binek

Christian Binek

Discontinuous metal–insulator multilayers [Co80Fe20(t)/Al2O3(3 nm)]10 are prepared by ion-beam sputtering and investigated by SQUID magnetometry and previous AC susceptometry. For 1.0less-than-or-equals, slanttless-than-or-equals, slant1.6 nm, two coexisting subsystems of dipolar coupled nanoparticles are encountered. While a spin-glass-like freezing particulate fraction dominates at t=1.0 nm, a percolating dipolar ferromagnetic fraction becomes increasingly important at higher nominal thickness of t.


Magnetic States Of Discontinuous Co80fe20al2o3 Multilayers, Christian Binek Mar 2012

Magnetic States Of Discontinuous Co80fe20al2o3 Multilayers, Christian Binek

Christian Binek

Discontinuous metal–insulator multilayers [Co80Fe20(t)/Al2O3(3 nm)]n were studied by SQUID magnetometry and AC susceptometry. CoFe forms ferromagnetic particles in the Al2O3 matrix. In this paper, we focus on the field dependence of the AC susceptibility of samples with t=1.3 nm. We find strong evidence for transitions from a superpara- to a superferromagnetic and, finally, to a reentrant superspin glass previous state.


Magnetic Properties Of Nb/Ni Superconducting / Ferromagnetic Multilayers, Sergiy A. Kryukov Jan 2012

Magnetic Properties Of Nb/Ni Superconducting / Ferromagnetic Multilayers, Sergiy A. Kryukov

Theses and Dissertations--Physics and Astronomy

Magnetic properties of Nb/Ni superconducting (SC) / ferromagnetic (FM) multilayers exhibit interesting properties near and below SC transition. A complex Field (H) – Temperature (T) phase boundary is observed in perpendicular and parallel orientation of ML with respect to DC field. We address the critical need to develop methods to make reliable magnetic measurements on SC thin films and ML, in spite of their extreme shape anisotropy and the strong diamagnetic response of the SC state.

Abrupt, highly reproducible “switching” of the SC state magnetization near the normal-state FM coercive fields has been observed in Nb/Ni ML. The SC penetration ...


Thermodynamics Of Magnetic Multilayers, Tathagata Mukherjee Nov 2011

Thermodynamics Of Magnetic Multilayers, Tathagata Mukherjee

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

Our interest in thermodynamics of magnetic thin film heterostructure began by exploring the possibility to use magnetic nanostructures in the search for optimized magnetocaloric materials for potential room temperature refrigeration. In the present thesis magnetic thin film heterostructures are experimentally realized by Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) and Pulsed Laser Deposition (PLD). Co/Cr and Fe/Cr superlattices were fabricated using mean-field theoretical concepts as guiding principles. The potential of artificial antiferromagnets for near room-temperature refrigeration is explored. Magnetocaloric properties are deduced from measurements of the temperature and field dependence of the magnetization of our samples. The effects of intra-plane and ...


Exchange Coupling At Cobalt/ Nickel Oxide Interfaces, Andrew G. Baruth Apr 2009

Exchange Coupling At Cobalt/ Nickel Oxide Interfaces, Andrew G. Baruth

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

Spin arrangement at interfaces in layered magnetic materials is of vital importance to the emerging field of spintronics. Knowledge of how and why the interfacial spins behave in a certain way will aid in the development of future magnetic-based memories.

Much exploration has taken place in the interlayer exchange coupling (IEC) of ferromagnetic heterostructures with in-plane anisotropy. Only recently has it become apparent that to achieve the goals of increased areal density in magnetic memory a push for exploring magnetic materials with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) must occur. An interesting and promising candidate for such a magnetic system is [Co ...


Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulation Of Epitaxial Thin Film Growth: Formation Of Submonolayer Islands And Multilayer Mounds, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel, Maozhi Li Aug 2007

Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulation Of Epitaxial Thin Film Growth: Formation Of Submonolayer Islands And Multilayer Mounds, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel, Maozhi Li

Chemistry Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Diffracted Moiré Fringes As Analysis And Alignment Tools For Multilayer Fabrication In Soft Lithography, Jae-Hwang Lee, Chang-Hwan Kim, Yong-Sung Kim, Kai-Ming Ho, Kristen P. Constant, Wai Y. Leung, Cha-Hwan Oh Jan 2005

Diffracted Moiré Fringes As Analysis And Alignment Tools For Multilayer Fabrication In Soft Lithography, Jae-Hwang Lee, Chang-Hwan Kim, Yong-Sung Kim, Kai-Ming Ho, Kristen P. Constant, Wai Y. Leung, Cha-Hwan Oh

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

We studied the first-order diffractedmoiré fringes of transparent multilayered structures comprised of irregularly deformed periodic patterns. By a comparison study of the diffractedmoiré fringe pattern and detailed microscopy of the structure, we show that the diffractedmoiré fringe can be used as a nondestructive tool to analyze the alignment of multilayered structures. We demonstrate the alignment method for the case of layer-by-layer microstructures using soft lithography. The alignment method yields high contrast of fringes even when the materials being aligned have very weak contrasts. The imaging method of diffractedmoiré fringes is a versatile visual tool for the microfabrication of transparent deformable ...


Ac Susceptibility Studies Of Discontinuous Co80fe20al2o3 Multilayers, Christian Binek Nov 2001

Ac Susceptibility Studies Of Discontinuous Co80fe20al2o3 Multilayers, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

Discontinuous metal–insulator multilayers [Co80Fe20(t)/Al2O3(3 nm)]10 are prepared by ion-beam sputtering and investigated by SQUID magnetometry and previous AC susceptometry. For 1.0less-than-or-equals, slanttless-than-or-equals, slant1.6 nm, two coexisting subsystems of dipolar coupled nanoparticles are encountered. While a spin-glass-like freezing particulate fraction dominates at t=1.0 nm, a percolating dipolar ferromagnetic fraction becomes increasingly important at higher nominal thickness of t.


Magnetic States Of Discontinuous Co80fe20al2o3 Multilayers, Christian Binek Oct 2001

Magnetic States Of Discontinuous Co80fe20al2o3 Multilayers, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

Discontinuous metal–insulator multilayers [Co80Fe20(t)/Al2O3(3 nm)]n were studied by SQUID magnetometry and AC susceptometry. CoFe forms ferromagnetic particles in the Al2O3 matrix. In this paper, we focus on the field dependence of the AC susceptibility of samples with t=1.3 nm. We find strong evidence for transitions from a superpara- to a superferromagnetic and, finally, to a reentrant superspin glass previous state.