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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Ferroelectric Polarization Control Of Magnetic Anisotropy In Pbzr0.2ti0.8o3/La0.8sr0.2mno3 Heterostructures, Anil Rajapitamahuni, L. L. Tao, Y. Hao, Jingfeng Song, Xiaoshan Xu, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Xia Hong Feb 2019

Ferroelectric Polarization Control Of Magnetic Anisotropy In Pbzr0.2ti0.8o3/La0.8sr0.2mno3 Heterostructures, Anil Rajapitamahuni, L. L. Tao, Y. Hao, Jingfeng Song, Xiaoshan Xu, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Xia Hong

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

The interfacial coupling between the switchable polarization and neighboring magnetic order makes ferroelectric/ferromagnetic composite structures a versatile platform to realize voltage control of magnetic anisotropy. We report the nonvolatile ferroelectric field effect modulation of the magnetocrystalline anisotropy (MCA) in epitaxial PbZr0.2Ti0.8O3 (PZT)/La0.8Sr0.2MnO3 (LSMO) heterostructures grown on (001) SrTiO3 substrates. Planar Hall effect measurements show that the in-plane magnetic anisotropy energy in LSMO is enhanced by about 22% in the hole accumulation state compared to the depletion state, in quantitative agreement with our first-principles ...


Observation Of A Pressure-Induced Transition From Interlayer Ferromagnetism To Intralayer Antiferromagnetism In Sr4Ru3O10, H. Zheng, W. H. Song, J. Terzic, H. D. Zhao, Y. F. Ni, Lance E. Delong, P. Schlottmann, G. Cao Aug 2018

Observation Of A Pressure-Induced Transition From Interlayer Ferromagnetism To Intralayer Antiferromagnetism In Sr4Ru3O10, H. Zheng, W. H. Song, J. Terzic, H. D. Zhao, Y. F. Ni, Lance E. Delong, P. Schlottmann, G. Cao

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Sr4Ru3O10 is a Ruddlesden-Popper compound with triple Ru-O perovskite layers separated by Sr-O rock-salt layers. This compound presents a rare coexistence of interlayer (c-axis) ferromagnetism and intralayer (basal-plane) metamagnetism at ambient pressure. Here we report the observation of pressure-induced, intralayer itinerant antiferromagnetism arising from the interlayer ferromagnetism. The application of modest hydrostatic pressure generates an anisotropy that may cause a flattening and a tilting of RuO6 octahedra. All magnetic and transport results from this study indicate these lattice distortions diminish the c-axis ferromagnetism and basal-plane metamagnetism, and induce a basal-plane antiferromagnetic state. The ...


Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy In Cobalt Based Magnets: A Choice Of Correlation Parameters And The Relativistic Effects, Manh Cuong Nguyen, Yong-Xin Yao, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho, Vladimir P. Antropov Apr 2018

Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy In Cobalt Based Magnets: A Choice Of Correlation Parameters And The Relativistic Effects, Manh Cuong Nguyen, Yong-Xin Yao, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho, Vladimir P. Antropov

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The dependence of the magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy (MAE) in MCo5 (M  =  Y, La, Ce, Gd) and CoPt on the Coulomb correlations and strength of spin orbit (SO) interaction within the GGA  +  U scheme is investigated. A range of parameters suitable for the satisfactory description of key magnetic properties is determined. We show that for a large variation of SO interaction the MAE in these materials can be well described by the traditional second order perturbation theory. We also show that in these materials the MAE can be both proportional and negatively proportional to the orbital moment anisotropy (OMA) of Co ...


Recycled Sm-Co Bonded Magnet Filaments For 3d Printing Of Magnets, Helena A. Khazdozian, J. Sebastian Manzano, Kinjal Gandha, Igor I. Slowing, Ikenna C. Nlebedim Jan 2018

Recycled Sm-Co Bonded Magnet Filaments For 3d Printing Of Magnets, Helena A. Khazdozian, J. Sebastian Manzano, Kinjal Gandha, Igor I. Slowing, Ikenna C. Nlebedim

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Recycling of rare earth elements, such as Sm and Nd, is one technique towards mitigating long-term supply and cost concerns for materials and devices that depend on these elements. In this work recycled Sm-Co powder recovered from industrial grinding swarfs, or waste material from magnet processing, was investigated for use in preparation of filament for 3D printing of bonded magnets. Recycled Sm-Co powder recovered from swarfs was blended into polylactic acid (PLA). Up to 20 vol.% of the recycled Sm-Co in PLA was extruded at 160°C to produce a filament. It was demonstrated that no degradation of magnetic properties ...


On The Structural Origin Of The Single-Ion Magnetic Anisotropy In Lufeo3, Shi Cao, Xiaozhe Zhang, Tula R. Paudel, Kishan Sinha, Xiao Wang, Xuanyuan Jiang, Wenbin Wang, Stuart Brutsche, Jian Wang, Philip J. Ryan, Jong-Woo Kim, Xuemei Cheng, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Peter A. Dowben, Xiaoshan Xu Apr 2016

On The Structural Origin Of The Single-Ion Magnetic Anisotropy In Lufeo3, Shi Cao, Xiaozhe Zhang, Tula R. Paudel, Kishan Sinha, Xiao Wang, Xuanyuan Jiang, Wenbin Wang, Stuart Brutsche, Jian Wang, Philip J. Ryan, Jong-Woo Kim, Xuemei Cheng, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Peter A. Dowben, Xiaoshan Xu

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Electronic structures for the conduction bands of both hexagonal and orthorhombic LuFeO3 thin films have been measured using x-ray absorption spectroscopy at oxygen K (O K) edge. Dramatic differences in both the spectra shape and the linear dichroism are observed. These differences in the spectra can be explained using the differences in crystal field splitting of the metal (Fe and Lu) electronic states and the differences in O 2p-Fe 3d and O 2p-Lu 5d hybridizations. While the oxidation states has not changed, the spectra are sensitive to the changes in the local environments of the Fe3+ and Lu ...


A Method For Measuring The Néel Relaxation Time In A Frozen Ferrofluid, Ronald J. Tackett, Jagdish Thakur, Nathaniel Mosher, Emily Perkins-Harbin, Ronald E. Kumon, Lihua Wang, Corneliu Rablau, Prem P. Vaishnava Aug 2015

A Method For Measuring The Néel Relaxation Time In A Frozen Ferrofluid, Ronald J. Tackett, Jagdish Thakur, Nathaniel Mosher, Emily Perkins-Harbin, Ronald E. Kumon, Lihua Wang, Corneliu Rablau, Prem P. Vaishnava

Physics Publications

We report a novel method of determining the average Néel relaxation time and its temperature dependence by calculating derivatives of the measured time dependence of temperature for a frozen ferrofluid exposed to an alternating magnetic field. The ferrofluid, composed of dextran-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles (diameter 13.7 nm ± 4.7 nm), was synthesized via wet chemical precipitation and characterized by x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. An alternating magnetic field of constant amplitude (H0=20H0=20 kA/m) driven at frequencies of 171 kHz, 232 kHz, and 343 kHz was used to determine the temperature dependent magnetic energy absorption rate in ...


Using Graphene To Control Magnetic Anisotropy And Interaction Between Supported Clusters, Sanjubala Sahoo, M Fhokrul Islam, Shiv N. Khanna Jan 2015

Using Graphene To Control Magnetic Anisotropy And Interaction Between Supported Clusters, Sanjubala Sahoo, M Fhokrul Islam, Shiv N. Khanna

Physics Publications

Stabilization of magnetic order in clusters/nanoparticles at elevated temperatures is a fundamentally challenging problem. The magnetic anisotropy energy (MAE) that prevents the thermal fluctuations of the magnetization direction can be around 1–10 K in free transition metal clusters of around a dozen atoms. Here we demonstrate that a graphene support can lead to an order of magnitude enhancement in the anisotropy of supported species. Our studies show that the MAE of supported Co5 and Co13 clusters on graphene increase by factors of 2.6 and 25, respectively. The enhancement is linked to the splitting of selected electronic orbitals ...


Thermal Effects On The Magnetic Properties Of Titanium Modified Cobalt Ferrite, Ikenna C. Nlebedim, David C. Jiles Jan 2015

Thermal Effects On The Magnetic Properties Of Titanium Modified Cobalt Ferrite, Ikenna C. Nlebedim, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

The temperature dependence of the magnetic properties of titanium modified cobalt ferrite is presented. The change of maximum magnetization obtained at H ≈ 2.4 MA/m between any two temperatures increases systematically with composition, which is desirable for applications in devices. Variation in magnetocrystalline anisotropy and coercivity were different from previous studies on cation substituted cobalt ferrite. At lower concentrations, the effect of lower thermal energy dominated the effect of non-magnetic cation substitutions in controlling the anisotropy.The reverse was the case at higher concentrations. The temperature dependence of coercivity is dominated by the contribution of magnetocrystalline anisotropy to coercivity ...


Magnetic Anisotropy And Exchange In (001) Textured Fept-Based Nanostructures, Tom George Dec 2013

Magnetic Anisotropy And Exchange In (001) Textured Fept-Based Nanostructures, Tom George

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

Hard-magnetic L10 phase FePt has been demonstrated as a promising candidate for future nanomagnetic applications, especially magnetic recording at areal densities approaching 10 Tb/in2. Realization of FePt’s potential in recording media requires control of grain size and intergranular exchange interactions in films with high degrees of L10 order and (001) crystalline texture, including high perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Furthermore, a write-assist mechanism must be employed to overcome the high coercivity of L10 FePt nanograins. The research described in this dissertation examines potential solutions to the aforementioned problems. Specifically, a nonepitaxial method of fabricating highly (001 ...


Magnetism Of Films, Yi Liu, David J. Sellmyer Jan 2013

Magnetism Of Films, Yi Liu, David J. Sellmyer

David Sellmyer Publications

Films of L10-structure Fe50–xCoxPt50 films are synthesized by co-sputtering Fe, Co, and Pt on (001) MgO substrates and Si substrates with in-situ heating at 830°C. The nanostructures and magnetic properties of the films are characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and SQUID. The compositions of the samples Fe50–xCoxPt50 are designed to maintain an atomic (Fe+Co):Pt ratio of 50:50 while increasing the Co content in each successive sample. In all samples, the X-ray diffraction patterns from samples on MgO substrate exhibit three strong peaks, namely L10Fe50–xCoxPt50 (001), (002), and MgO (002 ...


Structural, Magnetic, And Magnetoelastic Properties Of Magnesium Substituted Cobalt Ferrite, Cajetan Ikenna Nlebedim, Ravi L. Hadimani, Ruslan Prozorov, David C. Jiles Jan 2013

Structural, Magnetic, And Magnetoelastic Properties Of Magnesium Substituted Cobalt Ferrite, Cajetan Ikenna Nlebedim, Ravi L. Hadimani, Ruslan Prozorov, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

The effects of substituting Mg on the structural, magnetic, and magnetostrictive properties ofcobalt ferrite have been investigated. Comparable values of lattice parameter were obtained for the Mg-substituted samples. Saturation magnetization continuously decreased with increase inMg concentration. Peak-to-peak magnetostriction amplitude and strain sensitivity had a similar dependence on Mg concentration.


Magnetoelectric Interactions Between An Organic Ferroelectric And A Transition Metal Ferromagnet, Abhijit Mardana Jan 2012

Magnetoelectric Interactions Between An Organic Ferroelectric And A Transition Metal Ferromagnet, Abhijit Mardana

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

The interaction between ferromagnetic and ferroelectric films, the magnetoelectric effect, is a fascinating fundamental research area as well as having potential applications in magnetic data storage devices. We have investigated magnetoelectric coupling effects in thin film heterostructures, consists of metallic ferromagnet, cobalt, and the polymer ferroelectric [P(VDF-TrFE) 70:30]. The work described here encompasses changes in ferroelectric polarization with magnetic field as well as changes in the magnetic anisotropy with ferroelectric polarization.

In samples of Co overlayers on P(VDF-TrFE), in which the Co is not constrained by the substrate, the polarization shows a large change on application of ...


Ferroelectric Control Of Magnetic Anisotropy, Abhijit Mardana, Stephen Ducharme, Shireen Adenwalla Aug 2011

Ferroelectric Control Of Magnetic Anisotropy, Abhijit Mardana, Stephen Ducharme, Shireen Adenwalla

Stephen Ducharme Publications

We demonstrate unambiguous evidence of the electric field control of magnetic anisotropy in a wedge-shaped Co film of varying thickness. A copolymer ferroelectric of 70% vinylidene fluoride with 30% trifluoroethylene, P(VDF-TrFE) overlays the Co wedge, providing a large switchable electric field. As the ferroelectric polarization is switched from up to down, the magnetic anisotropy of the Co films changes by as much as 50%. At the lowest Co thickness the magnetic anisotropy switches from out-of-plane to inplane as the ferroelectric polarization changes from up to down, enabling us to rotate the magnetization through a large angle at constant magnetic ...


Fabrication And Magnetic Properties Of Fe Nanostructures In Anodic Alumina Membrane, J H. Lim, W S. Chae, H O. Lee, L Malkinski, S G. Min, J B. Wiley, J H. Jun, S H. Lee, J S. Jung Jan 2010

Fabrication And Magnetic Properties Of Fe Nanostructures In Anodic Alumina Membrane, J H. Lim, W S. Chae, H O. Lee, L Malkinski, S G. Min, J B. Wiley, J H. Jun, S H. Lee, J S. Jung

Physics Faculty Publications

Several Fe nanostructures with different lengths, diameters, and separations of the constituting magnetic components have been synthesized using anodized alumina membranes (AAMs) to understand the influence of these parameters on their magnetic properties. Fe nanostructures with high crystallinity and (110) orientation were synthesized by electrodeposition at room temperature in regular AAMs and mild-hard AAM (Mi-Ha AAM). Fe nanostructures with different aspect ratios (1:1, 1:10, and 1:75) in the form of nanodots, nanorods, or nanowires were synthesized in regular AAMs with the 100 nm interpore distance. Mi-Ha AAMs with two different pore sizes (70 and 120 nm) and ...


Morphology, Magnetic And Dynamic Properties Of Artificial Structures Assembled By Acoustic Vibrations, K B. Paul, L Malkinski Jan 2009

Morphology, Magnetic And Dynamic Properties Of Artificial Structures Assembled By Acoustic Vibrations, K B. Paul, L Malkinski

Physics Faculty Publications

Cobalt micromagnetic particles with an average size of ≈ 1.6 μm and varying total mass of the powder were assembled on patterned media with perpendicular magnetization by acoustic vibrations onto designed shapes reflecting the primary material. The replicas were studied with scanning electron microscopy, vibrating sample magnetometry, and ferromagnetic resonance spectroscopy. Their properties were significantly influenced by the shape anisotropy induced through the parent molds. A tendency in the development of the physical characteristics of the replicas was observed as their geometrical parameters changed.


The Temperature Dependence Of Hysteretic Processes In Co Nanowires Arrays, I Astefanoaei, I Dumitru, A Diaconu, L Spinu, A Stancu Jan 2008

The Temperature Dependence Of Hysteretic Processes In Co Nanowires Arrays, I Astefanoaei, I Dumitru, A Diaconu, L Spinu, A Stancu

Physics Faculty Publications

In this paper, the temperature dependence of the hysteretic processes of Co nanowires, squarelly ordered in an array prepared by electrodeposition in nanopores of alumina membranes was analyzed. Both the magnetostatic interactions induced in the nanowires arrays and the thermal stresses (radial, azimuthal and axial stresses), which appear during the cooling of the system (nanowire and alumina template) from room temperature to 3 K was evaluated. The analysis of thermal induced stresses provides useful informations concerning the magnetic anisotropy in the Co nanowires. The temperature dependence of the remanent magnetization and coercitive field as an effect of the induced thermal ...


Microwave Absorption Of Patterned Arrays Of Nanosized Magnetic Stripes With Different Aspect Ratios, Leszek M. Malkinski, Minghui Yu, Andriy Y. Voyk, Donald J. Scherer Ii, Leonard Spinu, Weillie Zhou, Scott Whittenburg, Zachary Davis, Jin-Seung Jung Jan 2007

Microwave Absorption Of Patterned Arrays Of Nanosized Magnetic Stripes With Different Aspect Ratios, Leszek M. Malkinski, Minghui Yu, Andriy Y. Voyk, Donald J. Scherer Ii, Leonard Spinu, Weillie Zhou, Scott Whittenburg, Zachary Davis, Jin-Seung Jung

Physics Faculty Publications

Arrays consisting of nanosized stripes of Permalloy with different length-to-width ratios have been fabricated using electron beam nanolithography, magnetron sputtering, and lift-off process. These stripes have a thickness of 100 nm, a width of 300 nm, and different lengths ranging from 300 nm to 100 μm. The stripes are separated by a distance of 1 μm. Magnetization hysteresis loops were measured using a superconducting quantum interference device susceptometer. Microwave absorption at 9.8 GHz was determined by means of ferromagnetic resonance technique. The dependence of the resonant field on the angle between the nanostructure and the in-plane dc ...


Simulating The Maximum Domain Wall Speed In A Magnetic Nanowire, Andrew Kunz Oct 2006

Simulating The Maximum Domain Wall Speed In A Magnetic Nanowire, Andrew Kunz

Physics Faculty Research and Publications

The dynamics of domain wall motion in permalloy nanowires have been simulated utilizing the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert (LLG) equation of motion. The simulation results are presented in terms of the domain wall speed for ranges of the Gilbert damping parameter alpha and nanowire width. The maximum domain wall speed is independent of alpha. The speed of the domain wall can be increased by increasing the nanowire width, but this lowers the critical field. For applied fields below the critical field, the wall moves uniformly along the wire and the speed of the wall increases with increases in the driving field. This behavior ...


Magnetism Of (Dy0.5er0.5)Al2 Single Crystal In Ac And Dc Magnetic Fields, Evgenii M. Levin, Karl A. Gschneidner Jr., Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel Aug 2006

Magnetism Of (Dy0.5er0.5)Al2 Single Crystal In Ac And Dc Magnetic Fields, Evgenii M. Levin, Karl A. Gschneidner Jr., Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel

Ames Laboratory Publications

The temperature (4.2–90 K), ac magnetic field (1.25–50 Oe), frequency (5–125 Hz), and bias dc magnetic field (0–10 kOe) dependencies of the real and imaginary components of the ac magnetic susceptibility, and the temperature (4.2–250 K) and dc magnetic field(0.1–50 kOe) dependencies of the dc magnetic susceptibility and magnetization of a(Dy0.5Er0.5)Al2 single crystal have been studied. Isothermal magnetization measurement in a dc magnetic field indicates that (Dy0.5Er0.5)Al2 orders ferromagnetically at 37 K. The ac ...


Variation Of Magnetostriction With Temperature In Tb5si2.2ge1.8 Single Crystal, A. P. Ring, H. L. Ziegler, Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel, J. E. Snyder, David C. Jiles Apr 2006

Variation Of Magnetostriction With Temperature In Tb5si2.2ge1.8 Single Crystal, A. P. Ring, H. L. Ziegler, Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel, J. E. Snyder, David C. Jiles

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

The Tb5(SixGe4−x) alloy system is similar to the better known Gd5(SixGe4−x), except it has a more complex magnetic and structural phase diagram. Gd5(SixGe1−x)4 has received much attention recently due to its giant magnetocaloric effect, colossal magnetostriction and giant magnetoresistance in the vicinity of a first order combined magnetic-structural phase transition. The magnetostriction changes that accompany the phase transitions of single crystal Tb5(Si2.2Ge1.8) have been investigated at temperatures between 20 and150 K by measurements of ...


Temperature Dependence Of The Magnetic Anisotropy And Magnetostriction Of Fe100−Xgax (X = 8.6, 16.6, 28.5), A. E. Clark, M. Wun-Fogle, J. B. Restorff, Kevin W. Dennis, Thomas A. Lograsso, R. William Mccallum May 2005

Temperature Dependence Of The Magnetic Anisotropy And Magnetostriction Of Fe100−Xgax (X = 8.6, 16.6, 28.5), A. E. Clark, M. Wun-Fogle, J. B. Restorff, Kevin W. Dennis, Thomas A. Lograsso, R. William Mccallum

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

The temperature dependence of the lowest order magnetic anisotropy constant K1 and the lowest order saturation magnetostriction constant, (3/2)λ100, were measured from 4 K to 300 K for Fe91.4Ga8.6,Fe83.4Ga16.6, and Fe71.5Ga28.5 and were compared to the normalized magnetization power law, ml(l+1)/2. Fe91.4Ga8.6 maintains the magnetostriction anomaly of Fe (dλ100/dT>0) and K1 is a reasonable fit to the ml(l+1)/2power law with ...


Magnetic Anisotropy And Phase Transitions In Single-Crystal Tb5(Si2.2ge1.8), M. Han, J. E. Snyder, W. Tang, Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel, David C. Jiles May 2005

Magnetic Anisotropy And Phase Transitions In Single-Crystal Tb5(Si2.2ge1.8), M. Han, J. E. Snyder, W. Tang, Thomas A. Lograsso, Deborah L. Schlagel, David C. Jiles

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

The Tb5(SixGe4−x) alloy system has many features in common with the Gd5(SixGe4−x)system although it has a more complex magnetic and structural phase diagram. This paper reports on the magnetic anisotropy and magnetic phase transition of single-crystalTb5(Si2.2Ge1.8) which has been investigated by the measurements of M-H and M-T along the a, b, and c axes. The variation of 1/χ vs T indicates that there is a transition from paramagnetic to ferromagnetic at Tc = 110 K. Below this ...


Magnetostriction And Elasticity Of Body Centered Cubic Fe100−Xbex Alloys, A. E. Clark, M. Wun-Fogle, J. B. Restorff, Thomas A. Lograsso, G. Petculescu Jun 2004

Magnetostriction And Elasticity Of Body Centered Cubic Fe100−Xbex Alloys, A. E. Clark, M. Wun-Fogle, J. B. Restorff, Thomas A. Lograsso, G. Petculescu

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

Magnetostriction measurements from 77 K to room temperature on oriented (100) and (110) disk samples of Fe93.9Be6.1 and Fe88.7Be11.3 reveal substantial increases in λ100compared to iron. For the 11.3% alloy, λ100=110 ppm, a sixfold increase above that of α-Fe. For the 6.1% alloy, λ100=81 ppm, ∼40% and ∼170% greater than λ100 of comparable Fe–Ga and Fe–Al alloys, respectively, for H=15 kOe. Large differences exist between the values of λ100 and λ111 (λ100>0, λ111 ...


Magnetic Field Induced Phase Transitions In Gd5(Si1.95ge2.05) Single Crystal And The Anisotropic Magnetocaloric Effect, H. Tang, A. O. Pecharsky, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Karl A. Gschneidner Jr. May 2003

Magnetic Field Induced Phase Transitions In Gd5(Si1.95ge2.05) Single Crystal And The Anisotropic Magnetocaloric Effect, H. Tang, A. O. Pecharsky, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Karl A. Gschneidner Jr.

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

Magnetization measurements using a Gd5(Si1.95Ge2.05) single crystal with the magnetic field applied along three crystallographic directions, [001], [010] and [100], were carried out as a function of the applied field (0–56 kOe) at various temperatures (∼5–320 K). The magnetic field (H)–temperature (T) phase diagrams were constructed for theGd5(Si1.95Ge2.05) single crystal with field along the three directions. A small anisotropy was observed. The magnetocaloric effect was calculated from isothermal magnetization data, and the observed anisotropy correlates with the HT phase diagrams. The results ...


Normal Mode Mixing And Ferromagnetic Resonance Linewidth, Andrew Kunz, R. D. Mcmichael Sep 2002

Normal Mode Mixing And Ferromagnetic Resonance Linewidth, Andrew Kunz, R. D. Mcmichael

Physics Faculty Research and Publications

The normal modes of an inhomogeneous thin film are obtained by diagonalization of the perturbed Hamiltonian. The resulting modes are mixtures of the spin-wave modes and the uniform mode. We find that the ferromagnetic resonance intensity spectrum of the diagonalized system has a Lorentzian profile, and that the results correspond to the two-magnon model for weak perturbations. For stronger perturbations, the density of states is smoothed, and the spectrum becomes asymmetric due to the low-frequency cutoff of the spin-wave manifold. The technique is expected to be valid for perturbation amplitudes that are large enough to invalidate the assumptions of the ...


Superparamagnetic Magnetization Equation In Two Dimensions, David C. Jiles, S. J. Lee, J. M. Kenkel, K. L. Metlov Aug 2000

Superparamagnetic Magnetization Equation In Two Dimensions, David C. Jiles, S. J. Lee, J. M. Kenkel, K. L. Metlov

Ames Laboratory Publications

An equation for the dependence of magnetization on magnetic field in the case of two-dimensional (base plane) anisotropy has been derived. The resulting equation is expressed as an infinite series of modified Bessel functions, unlike the elementary function expressions that are applicable to the one-dimensional (axially anisotropic) and three-dimensional (isotropic) cases. Nevertheless, in the low-field limit, the series can be effectively truncated to give an approximate solution, while, in the high-field limit, an alternative expression has been derived which represents the limiting function as the field strength tends to infinity. The resulting expressions can be used to describe the superparamagnetic ...


Application Of The Preisach And Jiles–Atherton Models To The Simulation Of Hysteresis In Soft Magnetic Alloys, M. Pasquale, G. Bertotti, David C. Jiles, Y. Bi Apr 1999

Application Of The Preisach And Jiles–Atherton Models To The Simulation Of Hysteresis In Soft Magnetic Alloys, M. Pasquale, G. Bertotti, David C. Jiles, Y. Bi

Ames Laboratory Publications

his article describes the advances in unification of model descriptions of hysteresis in magnetic materials and demonstrates the equivalence of two widely accepted models, the Preisach (PM) and Jiles–Atherton (JA) models. Recently it was shown that starting from general energy relations, the JA equation for a loop branch can be derived from PM. The unified approach is here applied to the interpretation of magnetization measured in nonoriented Si–Fe steels with variable grain size ⟨s⟩, and also in as-cast and annealed Fe amorphous alloys. In the case of NO Fe–Si, the modeling parameter k defined by the volume ...


Generalization Of Hysteresis Modeling To Anisotropic Materials, A. Ramesh, David C. Jiles, Y. Bi Apr 1997

Generalization Of Hysteresis Modeling To Anisotropic Materials, A. Ramesh, David C. Jiles, Y. Bi

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

An extension to the model of hysteresis has been presented earlier which included the effect of anisotropy in the modeling of the anhysteretic magnetization curves of uniaxially anisotropic single crystalline materials. Further exploration of this extension shown here considers different kinds of crystal anisotropy in materials. Theory considers that the differential susceptibility at any given field is determined by the displacement of the prevailing magnetization from the anhysteretic magnetization. Thus, it has been shown that the effect of anisotropy on magnetic hysteresis in materials can be incorporated into the model of hysteresis through the anisotropic anhysteretic. This extension is likely ...