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Articles 1 - 30 of 92

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Analysis Of Adsorbed Contaminants Of Caf2 Surfaces By Infrared Laser Induced Desorption, Jinmei Fu, Yamini Surapaneni, Susan D. Allen Jun 2019

Analysis Of Adsorbed Contaminants Of Caf2 Surfaces By Infrared Laser Induced Desorption, Jinmei Fu, Yamini Surapaneni, Susan D. Allen

Susan D. Allen

157 nm photolithography technologies are currently under development and have been accepted as the leading candidate for fabrication of the next generation semiconductor devices after 193 nm. At this and shorter wavelengths, molecular contamination of surfaces becomes a serious problem as almost all molecules absorb at 157 nm and below. The light transmitted by a photolithographic tool can be significantly decreased by the presence of a few monolayers adsorbed on its many optical surfaces. We have developed a laser induced desorption, electron impact ionization, time-of-flight mass spectrometer (LID TOFMS) to study contaminants on 157nm and other ultraviolet optics, e.g ...


Characterization Of The Effects Of Heavy Charged Particle Exposure On The Radiation Resistant Bacterium Deinococcus Radiodurans, Todd A. Bryant Mar 2018

Characterization Of The Effects Of Heavy Charged Particle Exposure On The Radiation Resistant Bacterium Deinococcus Radiodurans, Todd A. Bryant

Theses and Dissertations

Although not an extremophile, Deinococcus radiodurans has proven to have exceptional resistance to ionizing radiation, specifically via gamma and X-ray photons. To date, no known experiments have bombarded the bacterium with charged particles larger than hydrogen. This study explored the effects on the organism’s ability to survive high linear energy transfer heavy-charged particle exposures of oxygen ions. It also investigated the effects of low linear energy transfer ultraviolet radiation on various mutants. Two uvrB mutants were created to ascertain the importance of the gene in single-strand break repair following gamma irradiation and two recF mutants were created to explore ...


(E,2e) Ionization Studies Of N₂ At Low To Intermediate Energies From A Coplanar Geometry To The Perpendicular Plane, Ahmad Sakaamini, Matthew Harvey, Sadek Amami, Andrew James Murray, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning Aug 2017

(E,2e) Ionization Studies Of N₂ At Low To Intermediate Energies From A Coplanar Geometry To The Perpendicular Plane, Ahmad Sakaamini, Matthew Harvey, Sadek Amami, Andrew James Murray, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Synopsis. The progress of experimental and theoretical measurements for (e,2e) ionization cross sections from Nitrogen molecules is presented. Results are given for energies from ~10 eV above the ionization potential (IP) through to ~100 eV above the IP for the 3σg, 1πu and 2σg states.


Electron-Impact Ionization Of H₂O At Low Projectile Energy: Internormalized Triple-Differential Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Khokon Hossen, Esam Ali, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison, Andrew Dorn Feb 2017

Electron-Impact Ionization Of H₂O At Low Projectile Energy: Internormalized Triple-Differential Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Khokon Hossen, Esam Ali, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison, Andrew Dorn

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report a combined experimental and theoretical study of the electron-impact ionization of water (H2O) at the relatively low incident energy of E0=81eV in which either the 1b1 or 3a1 orbitals are ionized leading to the stable H2O cation. The experimental data were measured by using a reaction microscope, which can cover nearly the entire 4π solid angle for the secondary electron emission over a range of ejection energies. We present experimental data for the scattering angles of 6⁰ and 10⁰ for the faster of the two outgoing electrons as a function ...


Electron Impact Excitation-Ionization Of Molecules, Esam Abobakr A. Ali Jan 2017

Electron Impact Excitation-Ionization Of Molecules, Esam Abobakr A. Ali

Doctoral Dissertations

"In the last few decades, the study of atomic collisions by electron-impact has made significant advances. The most difficult case to study is electron impact ionization of molecules for which many approximations have to be made and the validity of these approximations can only be checked by comparing with experiment.

In this thesis, I have examined the Molecular three-body distorted wave (M3DW) or Molecular four-body distorted wave (M4DW) approximations for electron-impact ionization. These models use a fully quantum mechanical approach where all particles are treated quantum mechanically and the post collision interaction (PCI) is treated to all orders of perturbation ...


Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Fully Differential Cross Sections For Single Ionization Of The 2s And 2p States Of Li By O⁸⁺ Ions, Ebrahim Ghanbari-Adivi, Daniel Fischer, Natalia Ferreira, Johannes Goullon, Renate Hubele, Aaron Laforge, Michael Schulz, Don H. Madison Aug 2016

Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Fully Differential Cross Sections For Single Ionization Of The 2s And 2p States Of Li By O⁸⁺ Ions, Ebrahim Ghanbari-Adivi, Daniel Fischer, Natalia Ferreira, Johannes Goullon, Renate Hubele, Aaron Laforge, Michael Schulz, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

This paper presents a full three-dimensional (3D) comparison between experiment and theory for 24 MeV O8+ single ionization of the 2s ground state of lithium and the 2p excited state. Two theoretical approximations are examined: the three-body continuum distorted-wave (3DW) and three-body continuum distorted-wave-eikonal initial state (3DW-EIS). Normally, there is a significant difference between these two approaches and the 3DW-EIS is in much better agreement with experiment. In this case, there is very little difference between the two approaches and both are in very good agreement with experiment. For the excited 2p state, the 3D cross sections would exhibit ...


Kinematically Complete Study Of Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Argon: Internormalized Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Oleg Zatsarinny, Thomas Pflüger, Marvin Weyland, Alexander Dorn, Don H. Madison, Klaus Bartschat Jun 2016

Kinematically Complete Study Of Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Argon: Internormalized Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Oleg Zatsarinny, Thomas Pflüger, Marvin Weyland, Alexander Dorn, Don H. Madison, Klaus Bartschat

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

As a further test of advanced theoretical methods to describe electron-impact single-ionization processes in complex atomic targets, we extended our recent work on Ne(2p) ionization [X. Ren, S. Amami, O. Zatsarinny, T. Pflüger, M. Weyland, W. Y. Baek, H. Rabus, K. Bartschat, D. Madison, and A. Dorn, Phys. Rev. A 91, 032707 (2015)PLRAAN1050-294710.1103/PhysRevA.91.032707] to Ar(3p) ionization at the relatively low incident energy of E0 = 66 eV. The experimental data were obtained with a reaction microscope, which can cover nearly the entire 4π solid angle for the secondary electron emission. We present experimental ...


Influence Of Orbital Symmetry On Diffraction Imaging With Rescattering Electron Wave Packets, Michael G. Pullen, Benjamin Wolter, Anh-Thu Le, Matthias Baudisch, Michele Sclafani, Hugo Pires, Claus Dieter Schroeter, Joachim Ullrich, Robert Moshammer, Thomas Pfeifer, C. D. Lin, Jens Biegert Jun 2016

Influence Of Orbital Symmetry On Diffraction Imaging With Rescattering Electron Wave Packets, Michael G. Pullen, Benjamin Wolter, Anh-Thu Le, Matthias Baudisch, Michele Sclafani, Hugo Pires, Claus Dieter Schroeter, Joachim Ullrich, Robert Moshammer, Thomas Pfeifer, C. D. Lin, Jens Biegert

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The ability to directly follow and time-resolve the rearrangement of the nuclei within molecules is a frontier of science that requires atomic spatial and few-femtosecond temporal resolutions. While laser-induced electron diffraction can meet these requirements, it was recently concluded that molecules with particular orbital symmetries (such as πg) cannot be imaged using purely backscattering electron wave packets without molecular alignment. Here, we demonstrate, in direct contradiction to these findings, that the orientation and shape of molecular orbitals presents no impediment for retrieving molecular structure with adequate sampling of the momentum transfer space. We overcome previous issues by showcasing retrieval ...


Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Triple Differential Cross Sections For The Single Ionization Of Co₂ (1Πg) By Electron Impact, Zehra N. Ozer, Esam Ali, Mevlut Dogan, Murat Yavuz, Osman Alwan, Adnan Naja, Ochbadrakh Chuluunbaatar, Boghos B. Joulakian, Chuan-Gang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Jun 2016

Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Triple Differential Cross Sections For The Single Ionization Of Co₂ (1Πg) By Electron Impact, Zehra N. Ozer, Esam Ali, Mevlut Dogan, Murat Yavuz, Osman Alwan, Adnan Naja, Ochbadrakh Chuluunbaatar, Boghos B. Joulakian, Chuan-Gang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Experimental and theoretical triple differential cross sections for intermediate-energy (250 eV) electron-impact single ionization of the CO2 are presented for three fixed projectile scattering angles. Results are presented for ionization of the outermost 1πg molecular orbital of CO2 in a coplanar asymmetric geometry. The experimental data are compared to predictions from the three-center Coulomb continuum approximation for triatomic targets, and the molecular three-body distorted wave (M3DW) model. It is observed that while both theories are in reasonable qualitative agreement with experiment, the M3DW is in the best overall agreement with experiment.


Experimental And Theoretical Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Tetrahydrofuran Ionized By Low-Energy 26-Ev-Electron Impact, Esam Ali, Xueguang Ren, Alexander Dorn, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Jun 2016

Experimental And Theoretical Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Tetrahydrofuran Ionized By Low-Energy 26-Ev-Electron Impact, Esam Ali, Xueguang Ren, Alexander Dorn, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report an experimental and theoretical study of low-energy electron-impact ionization of tetrahydrofuran, which is a molecule of biological interest. The experiments were performed using an advanced reaction microscope specially built for electron-impact ionization studies. The theoretical calculations were performed within the molecular three-body distorted-wave model. Reasonably good agreement is found between experiment and theory.


The Role Of Continuum States In The Field Ionization Of Rydberg Atoms, Michael P. Vennettilli Apr 2016

The Role Of Continuum States In The Field Ionization Of Rydberg Atoms, Michael P. Vennettilli

Physics and Astronomy Honors Papers

In an experiment performed by our collaborators at Bryn Mawr, we excite rubidium-85 to a coherent superposition of the different |mj| splittings of the 37d5/2 state induced by a small electric field. After waiting for some variable delay time, we apply a time-dependent electric field to ionize the atom and record the ionized current that arrives at the detector. Due to the initial superposition, we observe an interference pattern that depends on the delay time. This thesis describes my continued work with Dr. Carroll to develop a computational model of this experiment. Our initial method of ...


Kinetics Of Higher Lying Rb States After, Pulsed Excitation Of The D2 Transition In The Presence Of Helium, Austin J. Wallerstein Mar 2016

Kinetics Of Higher Lying Rb States After, Pulsed Excitation Of The D2 Transition In The Presence Of Helium, Austin J. Wallerstein

Theses and Dissertations

The Diode Pumped Alkali Laser (DPAL) is a high power, three-level laser system that employs diode bars to optically excite an alkali metal vapor. It lases along the D1 transition, between the two lowest energy levels, 2P1/2 and 2S1/2. Higher lying energy states are produced at higher population density via energy pooling and multiphoton processes. Pulsed laser excitation of rubidium at approximately 1 MW=cm2 has been studied at helium pressure up to 900 Torr. Emissions from energy states as high as 82D suggests modest ionization, though these intensities decrease drastically at ...


Analytical Model For Calibrating Laser Intensity In Strong-Field-Ionization Experiments, Song-Feng. Zhao, Anh-Thu Le, Cheng Jin, Xu Wang, C. D. Lin Feb 2016

Analytical Model For Calibrating Laser Intensity In Strong-Field-Ionization Experiments, Song-Feng. Zhao, Anh-Thu Le, Cheng Jin, Xu Wang, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The interaction of an intense laser pulse with atoms and molecules depends extremely nonlinearly on the laser intensity. Yet experimentally there still exists no simple reliable methods for determining the peak laser intensity within the focused volume. Here we present a simple method, based on an improved Perelomov-Popov-Terent'ev model, that would allow the calibration of laser intensities from the measured ionization signals of atoms or molecules. The model is first examined by comparing ionization probabilities (or signals) of atoms and several simple diatomic molecules with those from solving the time-dependent Schrödinger equation. We then show the possibility of using ...


Fully Differential Study Of Projectile Coherence Effects In Ionization Of Molecular Hydrogen And Atomic Helium, Thusitha Priyantha Arthanayaka Jan 2016

Fully Differential Study Of Projectile Coherence Effects In Ionization Of Molecular Hydrogen And Atomic Helium, Thusitha Priyantha Arthanayaka

Doctoral Dissertations

"It has been well established, that projectile coherent properties are important for the study of atomic fragmentation processes. Recent studies of ionization of molecular hydrogen had demonstrated that measured double differential cross sections (DDCS) are very sensitive to the coherent length of the projectile. These measurements have been performed with varied coherence length of the projectiles by controlling the geometry of the collimating slits, which are placed before the target. Later, fully differential cross sections (FDCS) for a coherent and an incoherent projectile beam has been study for the same collision system and the results confirmed the important role of ...


Calculation Of Nonlinear Optical Damage From Space-Time-Tailored Pulses In Dielectrics, Thomas E. Lanier, Jeremy R. Gulley Nov 2015

Calculation Of Nonlinear Optical Damage From Space-Time-Tailored Pulses In Dielectrics, Thomas E. Lanier, Jeremy R. Gulley

Faculty Publications

Control of the time duration of a laser pulse as it focuses spatially in a material provides a means for delaying the onset of nonlinear e↵ects during propagation. We investigate simultaneous space-time focusing (SSTF) of femtosecond radially-chirped annular pulses in Kerr dielectrics. The energy and temporal chirp of pulses incident upon a grating-grating-lens system are varied in simulations that solve the unidirectional pulse propagation equation. This system is modeled by inserting transformations that act on the electric field obtained from propagation from one component to the next. The propagation is coupled to the time evolution of the free charge ...


Quantum Interference In The Field Ionization Of Rydberg Atoms, Rachel Feynman, Jacob A. Hollingsworth, Michael Vennettilli, Tamas Budner, Ryan Zmiewski, Donald P. Fahey, Thomas J. Carroll, Michael W. Noel Oct 2015

Quantum Interference In The Field Ionization Of Rydberg Atoms, Rachel Feynman, Jacob A. Hollingsworth, Michael Vennettilli, Tamas Budner, Ryan Zmiewski, Donald P. Fahey, Thomas J. Carroll, Michael W. Noel

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We excite ultracold rubidium atoms in a magneto-optical trap to a coherent superposition of the three |mj | sublevels of the 37d5/2 Rydberg state. After some delay, during which the relative phases of the superposition components can evolve, we apply an electric field pulse to ionize the Rydberg electron and send it to a detector. The electron traverses many avoided crossings in the Stark levels as it ionizes. The net effect of the transitions at these crossings is to mix the amplitudes of the initial superposition into the same final states at ionization. Similar to a Mach-Zehnder interferometer, the three ...


Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Electron-Impact-Ionization Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Ethane, Esam Ali, Kate Nixon, Andrw Murray, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Oct 2015

Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Electron-Impact-Ionization Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Ethane, Esam Ali, Kate Nixon, Andrw Murray, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have recently examined electron-impact ionization of molecules that have one large atom at the center, surrounded by H nuclei (H2O, NH3, CH4). All of these molecules have ten electrons; however, they vary in their molecular symmetry. We found that the triple-differential cross sections (TDCSs) for the highest occupied molecular orbitals (HOMOs) were similar, as was the character of the HOMO orbitals which had a p-type "peanut" shape. In this work, we examine ethane (C2H6) which is a molecule that has two large atoms surrounded by H nuclei, so that its HOMO has ...


Low-Energy (E₀ = 65 Ev) Electron-Impact Ionization Of Neon: Internormalized Triple-Differentical Cross Sections In 3d Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek M. Amami, Oleg I. Zatsarinny, Thomas Pfluger, Marvin Weyland, Woon Yong Baek, Hans Rabus, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn Sep 2015

Low-Energy (E₀ = 65 Ev) Electron-Impact Ionization Of Neon: Internormalized Triple-Differentical Cross Sections In 3d Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek M. Amami, Oleg I. Zatsarinny, Thomas Pfluger, Marvin Weyland, Woon Yong Baek, Hans Rabus, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present a combined experimental and theoretical study on the low-energy (E0 = 65 eV) electron- impact ionization of neon. The experimental data are compared to predictions from a hybrid second-order distorted-wave Born plus R-matrix approach (DWB2-RM), the distorted-wave Born approximation with inclusion of post-collision interaction (DWBA-PCI), a three-body distorted-wave approach (3DW), and a B-spline R-matrix (BSR) with pseudostates approach. Excellent agreement is found between experiment and the 3DW and BSR theories. The importance of PCI effects is clearly visible in this low-energy electron-impact ionization process.


Theoretical And Experimental Study Of (E,2e) Ionization Of The Co₂ (1ΠG) Molecule At 250 Ev, Mevlut Dogan, Zehra Nur Ozer, Murat Yavuz, Osman Alwan, Adnan Naja, Boghos B. Joulakian, Esam S M Ali, Chuangang Ning, Don H. Madison Sep 2015

Theoretical And Experimental Study Of (E,2e) Ionization Of The Co₂ (1ΠG) Molecule At 250 Ev, Mevlut Dogan, Zehra Nur Ozer, Murat Yavuz, Osman Alwan, Adnan Naja, Boghos B. Joulakian, Esam S M Ali, Chuangang Ning, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Triple differential cross sections (TDCSs) of the electron-impact ionization of carbon dioxide are measured in the coplanar asymmetric geometry, with incident electron energy value of 250eV, and ejected electron of 37eV. We will report the experimental results in comparison with the theoretical calculations of the M3DW and TCC (type 5) calculations.


First Evidence Of Interference Effects In The Ionization Of N₂ Molecule, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Mevlut Dogan, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Sep 2015

First Evidence Of Interference Effects In The Ionization Of N₂ Molecule, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Mevlut Dogan, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We will present an experimental and theoretical investigation of triple differential cross sections for electron- impact ionization of nitrogen molecules at intermediate energies. A discussion of interference effects contained in the theoretical and experimental interference factors will be presented.


Evidence For Unnatural-Parity Contributions To Electron-Impact Ionization Of Laser-Aligned Atoms, G. S. J. Armstrong, J. Colgan, M. S. Pindzola, S. Amami, Don H. Madison, J. Pursehouse, K. L. Nixon, A. J. Murray Sep 2015

Evidence For Unnatural-Parity Contributions To Electron-Impact Ionization Of Laser-Aligned Atoms, G. S. J. Armstrong, J. Colgan, M. S. Pindzola, S. Amami, Don H. Madison, J. Pursehouse, K. L. Nixon, A. J. Murray

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Recent measurements have examined the electron-impact ionization of excited-state laser-aligned Mg atoms. In this work we show that the ionization cross section arising from the geometry where the aligned atom is perpendicular to the scattering plane directly probes the unnatural parity contributions to the ionization amplitude. The contributions from natural parity partial waves cancel exactly in this geometry. Our calculations resolve the discrepancy between the nonzero measured cross sections in this plane and the zero cross section predicted by distorted-wave approaches. We demonstrate that this is a general feature of ionization from p-state targets by additional studies of ionization from ...


Coplanar Asymmetric Angles And Symmetric Energy Sharing Triple Differential Cross Sections For 200 Ev Electron-Impact Ionization Of Ar (3p), Zehra Nur Ozer, Sadek M. Amami, Onur Varol, Murat Yavuz, Mevlut Dogan, Don H. Madison Sep 2015

Coplanar Asymmetric Angles And Symmetric Energy Sharing Triple Differential Cross Sections For 200 Ev Electron-Impact Ionization Of Ar (3p), Zehra Nur Ozer, Sadek M. Amami, Onur Varol, Murat Yavuz, Mevlut Dogan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have measured triple differential cross sections (TDCSs) for electron-impact ionization of the 3p shell of Ar at 200 eV incident electron energy. The experiments have been performed in coplanar asymmetric energy sharing geometry. The experimental results are compared with the theoretical models of three body distorted wave (3DW) and distorted wave Born approximation (DWBA).


Interference Effects For Intermediate Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of H₂ And N₂ Molecules, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Mevlut Dogan Jul 2015

Interference Effects For Intermediate Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of H₂ And N₂ Molecules, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Mevlut Dogan

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have studied electron impact ionization of H2 and N2 molecules at intermediate energies to look for possible two center interference effects experimentally and theoretically. Here we report a study of the interference factor I for 250 eV electron-impact ionization. The experimental measurements are performed using a crossed-beam-type electron-electron coincidence spectrometer and theoretical calculations are obtained using the Molecular Three Body Distorted Wave Approximation (M3DW). We found that the I-factor demonstrated strong evidence for two-center interference effects for both H2 and N2. We also found that the I-factor is more sensitive to projectile angular scans than ...


Imaging The Dipole-Dipole Energy Exchange Between Ultracold Rubidium Rydberg Atoms, Donald P. Fahey, Thomas J. Carroll, Michael W. Noel Jun 2015

Imaging The Dipole-Dipole Energy Exchange Between Ultracold Rubidium Rydberg Atoms, Donald P. Fahey, Thomas J. Carroll, Michael W. Noel

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The long-range, anisotropic nature of the interaction among atoms in an ultracold dipolar gas leads to a rich array of possibilities for studying many-body physics. In this work, an ultracold gas of highly excited atoms is used to study energy transport due to the long-range dipole-dipole interaction. A technique is developed to measure both the internal energy states of the interacting Rydberg atoms and their positions in space. This technique is demonstrated by observing energy exchange between two spatially separated groups of Rydberg atoms excited to two different internal states. Simulations confirm the general features of the energy transport in ...


Target Electron Ionization In Li²⁺-L-Li Collisions: A Multi-Electron Perspective, Maciej Dominik Piewanowski, Laszlo Gulyas, Marko W. Horbatsch, Johannes Goullon, Natalia Ferreira, Renate Hubele, Vitor L B D De Jesus, H. Lindenblatt, Katharina R. Schneider, Michael Schulz, Michael Schuricke, Z. Song, Shaofeng Zhang, Daniel Fischer, Tom Kirchner Apr 2015

Target Electron Ionization In Li²⁺-L-Li Collisions: A Multi-Electron Perspective, Maciej Dominik Piewanowski, Laszlo Gulyas, Marko W. Horbatsch, Johannes Goullon, Natalia Ferreira, Renate Hubele, Vitor L B D De Jesus, H. Lindenblatt, Katharina R. Schneider, Michael Schulz, Michael Schuricke, Z. Song, Shaofeng Zhang, Daniel Fischer, Tom Kirchner

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Target electron removal in Li2+-Li collisions at 2290 keV/amu is studied experimentally and theoretically for ground and excited lithium target configurations. It is shown that in outer-shell ionization a single-electron process plays the dominant part. However, the K-shell ionization results are more difficult to interpret. According to our calculations, the process is shown to be strongly single-particle like. On one hand, a high resemblance between theoretical single-particle ionization and exclusive inner-shell ionization is demonstrated, and contributions from multi-electron processes are found to be weak. On the other hand, it is indicated by the discrepancy between experimental and ...


Kinematically Complete Study Of Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Neon: Internormalized Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Oleg Zatsarinny, Thomas Pflüger, Marvin Weyland, Woon Yong Baek, Hans Rabus, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn Mar 2015

Kinematically Complete Study Of Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Neon: Internormalized Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Oleg Zatsarinny, Thomas Pflüger, Marvin Weyland, Woon Yong Baek, Hans Rabus, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Low-energy (E0 0=65eV) electron-impact single ionization of Ne (2p) has been investigated to thoroughly test state-of-the-art theoretical approaches. The experimental data were measured using a reaction microscope, which can cover nearly the entire 4π solid angle for the secondary electron emission energies ranging from 2 to 8 eV, and projectile scattering angles ranging from 8.5⁰ to 20.0⁰. The experimental triple-differential cross sections are internormalized across all measured scattering angles and ejected energies. The experimental data are compared to predictions from a hybrid second-order distorted-wave Born plus R-matrix approach, the distorted-wave Born approximation with the inclusion of ...


Benchmarking Accurate Spectral Phase Retrieval Of Single Attosecond Pulses, Hui Wei, Anh-Thu Le, Toru Morishita, Chao Yu, C. D. Lin Feb 2015

Benchmarking Accurate Spectral Phase Retrieval Of Single Attosecond Pulses, Hui Wei, Anh-Thu Le, Toru Morishita, Chao Yu, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A single extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) attosecond pulse or pulse train in the time domain is fully characterized if its spectral amplitude and phase are both determined. The spectral amplitude can be easily obtained from photoionization of simple atoms where accurate photoionization cross sections have been measured from, e.g., synchrotron radiations. To determine the spectral phase, at present the standard method is to carry out XUV photoionization in the presence of a dressing infrared (IR) laser. In this work, we examine the accuracy of current phase retrieval methods (PROOF and iPROOF) where the dressing IR is relatively weak such that photoelectron ...


Electron- And Photon-Impact Ionization Of Furfural, D. B. Jones, E. Ali, K. L. Nixon, P. Limão-Vieira, M.-J. Hubin-Franskin, J. Delwiche, C. G. Ning, J. Colgan, Andrew J. Murray, Don H. Madison, M .J. Brunger Jan 2015

Electron- And Photon-Impact Ionization Of Furfural, D. B. Jones, E. Ali, K. L. Nixon, P. Limão-Vieira, M.-J. Hubin-Franskin, J. Delwiche, C. G. Ning, J. Colgan, Andrew J. Murray, Don H. Madison, M .J. Brunger

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The He(i) photoelectron spectrum of furfural has been investigated, with its vibrational structure assigned for the first time. The ground and excited ionized states are assigned through ab initio calculations performed at the outer-valence Green's function level. Triple differential cross sections (TDCSs) for electron-impact ionization of the unresolved combination of the 4a" + 21a' highest and next-highest occupied molecular orbitals have also been obtained. Experimental TDCSs are recorded in a combination of asymmetric coplanar and doubly symmetric coplanar kinematics. The experimental TDCSs are compared to theoretical calculations, obtained within a molecular 3-body distorted wave framework that employed either an ...


Using Higher Ionization States To Increase Coulomb Coupling In An Ultracold Neutral Plasma, M. Lyon, Scott D. Bergeson, A. Diaw, M. S. Murillo Jan 2015

Using Higher Ionization States To Increase Coulomb Coupling In An Ultracold Neutral Plasma, M. Lyon, Scott D. Bergeson, A. Diaw, M. S. Murillo

Faculty Publications

We report measurements and simulations of the time-evolving rms velocity distribution in an ultracold neutral plasma. A strongly coupled ultracold neutral Ca+ plasma is generated by photoionizing laser-cooled atoms close to threshold. A fraction of these ions is then promoted to the second ionization state to form a mixed Ca+-Ca2+ plasma. By varying the time delay between the first and the second ionization events, a minimum in ion heating is achieved. We show that the Coulomb strong-coupling parameter Γ increases by a factor of 1.4 to a maximum value of 3.6. A pure Ca2+ plasma ...


Fully Differential Study Of Interference Effects In The Ionization Of H₂ By Proton Impact, Sachin D. Sharma, T. P. Arthanayaka, Ahmad Hasan, B. R. Lamichhane, J. Remolina, Adolph P. Smith, Michael Schulz Nov 2014

Fully Differential Study Of Interference Effects In The Ionization Of H₂ By Proton Impact, Sachin D. Sharma, T. P. Arthanayaka, Ahmad Hasan, B. R. Lamichhane, J. Remolina, Adolph P. Smith, Michael Schulz

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have measured fully differential cross sections for ionization of H2 by 75-keV proton impact. The coherence length of the projectile beam was varied by changing the distance between a collimating slit and the target. By comparing the cross sections measured for large and small coherence lengths pronounced interference effects could be identified in the data. A surprising result is that the phase angle in the interference term is primarily determined by the momentum transfer and only to a lesser extent by the recoil-ion momentum.