Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Ionization

Discipline
Institution
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 112

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Analysis Of Adsorbed Contaminants Of Caf2 Surfaces By Infrared Laser Induced Desorption, Jinmei Fu, Yamini Surapaneni, Susan D. Allen Jun 2019

Analysis Of Adsorbed Contaminants Of Caf2 Surfaces By Infrared Laser Induced Desorption, Jinmei Fu, Yamini Surapaneni, Susan D. Allen

Susan D. Allen

157 nm photolithography technologies are currently under development and have been accepted as the leading candidate for fabrication of the next generation semiconductor devices after 193 nm. At this and shorter wavelengths, molecular contamination of surfaces becomes a serious problem as almost all molecules absorb at 157 nm and below. The light transmitted by a photolithographic tool can be significantly decreased by the presence of a few monolayers adsorbed on its many optical surfaces. We have developed a laser induced desorption, electron impact ionization, time-of-flight mass spectrometer (LID TOFMS) to study contaminants on 157nm and other ultraviolet optics, e.g ...


Electron-Impact Ionization Of H₂O At Low Projectile Energy: Internormalized Triple-Differential Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Khokon Hossen, Esam Ali, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison, Andrew Dorn Oct 2018

Electron-Impact Ionization Of H₂O At Low Projectile Energy: Internormalized Triple-Differential Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Khokon Hossen, Esam Ali, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison, Andrew Dorn

Don H. Madison

We report a combined experimental and theoretical study of the electron-impact ionization of water (H2O) at the relatively low incident energy of E0=81eV in which either the 1b1 or 3a1 orbitals are ionized leading to the stable H2O cation. The experimental data were measured by using a reaction microscope, which can cover nearly the entire 4π solid angle for the secondary electron emission over a range of ejection energies. We present experimental data for the scattering angles of 6⁰ and 10⁰ for the faster of the two outgoing electrons as a function ...


(E,2e) Ionization Studies Of N₂ At Low To Intermediate Energies From A Coplanar Geometry To The Perpendicular Plane, Ahmad Sakaamini, Matthew Harvey, Sadek Amami, Andrew James Murray, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning Oct 2018

(E,2e) Ionization Studies Of N₂ At Low To Intermediate Energies From A Coplanar Geometry To The Perpendicular Plane, Ahmad Sakaamini, Matthew Harvey, Sadek Amami, Andrew James Murray, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning

Don H. Madison

Synopsis. The progress of experimental and theoretical measurements for (e,2e) ionization cross sections from Nitrogen molecules is presented. Results are given for energies from ~10 eV above the ionization potential (IP) through to ~100 eV above the IP for the 3σg, 1πu and 2σg states.


Characterization Of The Effects Of Heavy Charged Particle Exposure On The Radiation Resistant Bacterium Deinococcus Radiodurans, Todd A. Bryant Mar 2018

Characterization Of The Effects Of Heavy Charged Particle Exposure On The Radiation Resistant Bacterium Deinococcus Radiodurans, Todd A. Bryant

Theses and Dissertations

Although not an extremophile, Deinococcus radiodurans has proven to have exceptional resistance to ionizing radiation, specifically via gamma and X-ray photons. To date, no known experiments have bombarded the bacterium with charged particles larger than hydrogen. This study explored the effects on the organism’s ability to survive high linear energy transfer heavy-charged particle exposures of oxygen ions. It also investigated the effects of low linear energy transfer ultraviolet radiation on various mutants. Two uvrB mutants were created to ascertain the importance of the gene in single-strand break repair following gamma irradiation and two recF mutants were created to explore ...


Strongly Enhanced Backward Emission Of Electrons In Transfer And Ionization, Michael Schulz, Xincheng Wang, M. Gundmundsson, Katharina R. Schneider, Aditya H. Kelkar, Alexander B. Voitkiv, B. Najjari, Markus S. Schoffler, Lothar Ph H H Schmidt, Reinhard Dorner, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Robert Moshammer, Daniel Fischer Feb 2018

Strongly Enhanced Backward Emission Of Electrons In Transfer And Ionization, Michael Schulz, Xincheng Wang, M. Gundmundsson, Katharina R. Schneider, Aditya H. Kelkar, Alexander B. Voitkiv, B. Najjari, Markus S. Schoffler, Lothar Ph H H Schmidt, Reinhard Dorner, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Robert Moshammer, Daniel Fischer

Michael Schulz

We studied three-dimensional angular distributions and longitudinal momentum spectra of electrons ejected in transfer plus ionization (TI), i.e., the ejection of one and the capture of a second target electron, for ion-helium collisions. We observe a pronounced structure strongly focused opposite to the projectile beam direction, which we associate with a new correlated TI mechanism proposed recently. This process contributes significantly to the total cross sections over a broad range of perturbations η, even at η as large as 0.5, where uncorrelated TI mechanisms were thought to be dominant.


Target Electron Ionization In Li2+-L-Li Collisions: A Multi-Electron Perspective, Maciej Dominik Piewanowski, Laszlo Gulyas, Marko W. Horbatsch, Johannes Goullon, Natalia Ferreira, Renate Hubele, Vitor L B D De Jesus, H. Lindenblatt, Katharina R. Schneider, Michael Schulz, Michael Schuricke, Z. Song, Shaofeng Zhang, Daniel Fischer, Tom Kirchner Feb 2018

Target Electron Ionization In Li2+-L-Li Collisions: A Multi-Electron Perspective, Maciej Dominik Piewanowski, Laszlo Gulyas, Marko W. Horbatsch, Johannes Goullon, Natalia Ferreira, Renate Hubele, Vitor L B D De Jesus, H. Lindenblatt, Katharina R. Schneider, Michael Schulz, Michael Schuricke, Z. Song, Shaofeng Zhang, Daniel Fischer, Tom Kirchner

Michael Schulz

Target electron removal in Li2+-Li collisions at 2290 keV/amu is studied experimentally and theoretically for ground and excited lithium target configurations. It is shown that in outer-shell ionization a single-electron process plays the dominant part. However, the K-shell ionization results are more difficult to interpret. According to our calculations, the process is shown to be strongly single-particle like. On one hand, a high resemblance between theoretical single-particle ionization and exclusive inner-shell ionization is demonstrated, and contributions from multi-electron processes are found to be weak. On the other hand, it is indicated by the discrepancy between experimental and ...


Simultaneous Projectile-Target Ionization: A Novel Approach To (E, 2e) Experiments On Ions, Holger Kollmus, Robert Moshammer, Ronald E. Olson, Siegbert Hagmann, Michael Schulz, Joachim Hermann Ullrich Feb 2018

Simultaneous Projectile-Target Ionization: A Novel Approach To (E, 2e) Experiments On Ions, Holger Kollmus, Robert Moshammer, Ronald E. Olson, Siegbert Hagmann, Michael Schulz, Joachim Hermann Ullrich

Michael Schulz

A kinematically complete experiment for simultaneous ionization of a projectile and target has been performed for 3.6 MeV/u C2+ on He collisions measuring the final vector momenta of the He1+ recoil ion and of two electrons (projectile, target) in coincidence with the emerging C3+ projectile. The feasibility of an event-by-event separation of the various reaction channels, among them the ionization of C2+ by the interaction with a quasifree target electron, is demonstrated in agreement with six-body classical trajectory Monte Carlo calculations, paving the way to kinematically complete electron-ion scattering experiments.


Probing Scattering Wave Functions Close To The Nucleus, Don H. Madison, Daniel Fischer, Matthew S. Foster, Michael Schulz, Robert Moshammer, Stephenie J. Jones, Joachim Hermann Ullrich Feb 2018

Probing Scattering Wave Functions Close To The Nucleus, Don H. Madison, Daniel Fischer, Matthew S. Foster, Michael Schulz, Robert Moshammer, Stephenie J. Jones, Joachim Hermann Ullrich

Michael Schulz

Recently, three-dimensional imaging of the ejected electrons following 100  MeV/amu C6+ single ionization of helium led to the observation of a new structure not predicted by theory [M. Schulz et al., Nature (London) 422, 48 (2003)]. Instead of the usual “recoil lobe” centered on the momentum-transfer axis, a ring-shaped structure centered on the beam axis was observed. New measurements at 2  MeV/amu exhibit a similar structure, which is now predicted by theory. We argue that the same theory failed at 100  MeV/amu because the faster projectiles probe distances much closer to the nucleus, where our multiple-scattering ...


Postcollision Effects In Target Ionization By Ion Impact At Large Momentum Transfer, Michael Schulz, B. Najjari, Alexander B. Voitkiv, Katharina R. Schneider, Xincheng Wang, Aaron C. Laforge, Renate Hubele, Johannes Goullon, Natalia Ferreira, Aditya H. Kelkar, Manfred Grieser, Robert Moshammer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Daniel Fischer Feb 2018

Postcollision Effects In Target Ionization By Ion Impact At Large Momentum Transfer, Michael Schulz, B. Najjari, Alexander B. Voitkiv, Katharina R. Schneider, Xincheng Wang, Aaron C. Laforge, Renate Hubele, Johannes Goullon, Natalia Ferreira, Aditya H. Kelkar, Manfred Grieser, Robert Moshammer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Daniel Fischer

Michael Schulz

We have measured and calculated fully differential cross sections for target ionization in 16-MeV O7++He and 24-MeV O8++Li collisions. As in previous studies, in the case of the He target we observe a pronounced forward shift in the angular distribution of the electrons relative to the direction of the momentum transfer q at small q (q < 1 a.u.). An unexpected result is that we also find a strong forward shift at large q (q > 2 a.u.), while at intermediate q this shift becomes very weak or even turns into a backward shift. For the Li target, in contrast, the forward shift monotonically increases with increasing q. These observations are qualitatively reproduced by our ...


Polarization And Interference Effects In Ionization Of Li By Ion Impact, Renate Hubele, Aaron C. Laforge, Michael Schulz, Johannes Goullon, Xincheng Wang, B. Najjari, Natalia Ferreira, Manfred Grieser, Vitor L B D De Jesus, Robert Moshammer, Katharina R. Schneider, Alexander B. Voitkiv, Daniel Fischer Feb 2018

Polarization And Interference Effects In Ionization Of Li By Ion Impact, Renate Hubele, Aaron C. Laforge, Michael Schulz, Johannes Goullon, Xincheng Wang, B. Najjari, Natalia Ferreira, Manfred Grieser, Vitor L B D De Jesus, Robert Moshammer, Katharina R. Schneider, Alexander B. Voitkiv, Daniel Fischer

Michael Schulz

We present initial-state selective fully differential cross sections for ionization of lithium by 24 MeV O8+ impact. The data for ionization from the 2s and 2p states look qualitatively different from each other and from 1s ionization of He. For ionization from the 2p state, to which in our study the mL=-1 substate predominantly contributes, we observe orientational dichroism and for 2s ionization pronounced interference which we trace back to the nodal structure of the initial-state wave function.


Mutual Projectile And Target Ionization In 1-Mev/Amu N4+ And N5++ He Collisions, Xincheng Wang, Katharina R. Schneider, Aditya H. Kelkar, Gunterschul Brenner, Michael Schulz, B. Najjari, Alexander B. Voitkiv, M. Gundmundsson, Manfred Grieser, Claude Krantz, Michael Lestinsky, Andreas R. Wolf, Siegbert Hagmann, Robert Moshammer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Daniel Fischer Feb 2018

Mutual Projectile And Target Ionization In 1-Mev/Amu N4+ And N5++ He Collisions, Xincheng Wang, Katharina R. Schneider, Aditya H. Kelkar, Gunterschul Brenner, Michael Schulz, B. Najjari, Alexander B. Voitkiv, M. Gundmundsson, Manfred Grieser, Claude Krantz, Michael Lestinsky, Andreas R. Wolf, Siegbert Hagmann, Robert Moshammer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich, Daniel Fischer

Michael Schulz

We have studied mutual projectile and target ionization in 1-MeV/amu N4+ and N5++He collisions in kinematically complete experiments by measuring the momenta of the recoil ion and both ejected electrons in coincidence with the charge-changed projectiles. By means of four-particle Dalitz plots, in which multiple differential cross sections are presented as a function of the momenta of all four particles, experimental spectra are compared with theoretical results from various models. The experimental data are qualitatively reproduced by higher-order calculations, where good agreement is achieved for N5++He collisions, while some discrepancies persist for N4 ...


Fully Differential Cusp Electron Production Cross Sections For 75-Kev H2+ + He Collisions, L. An, Kh Khayvat, Michael Schulz Feb 2018

Fully Differential Cusp Electron Production Cross Sections For 75-Kev H2+ + He Collisions, L. An, Kh Khayvat, Michael Schulz

Michael Schulz

A kinematically complete experiment on single ionization for 75-keV H2+ + H e collisions was performed by measuring the fully momentum analyzed projectiles and recoil ions in coincidence. The electron momentum was deduced from momentum conservation. Clear signatures of the postcollision interaction between the outgoing projectiles and the electrons were observed in the momentum spectra of all collision products simultaneously.


Fully Differential Study Of Interference Effects In The Ionization Of H2 By Proton Impact, Sachin D. Sharma, T. P. Arthanayaka, Ahmad Hasan, B. R. Lamichhane, J. Remolina, Adolph P. Smith, Michael Schulz Feb 2018

Fully Differential Study Of Interference Effects In The Ionization Of H2 By Proton Impact, Sachin D. Sharma, T. P. Arthanayaka, Ahmad Hasan, B. R. Lamichhane, J. Remolina, Adolph P. Smith, Michael Schulz

Michael Schulz

We have measured fully differential cross sections for ionization of H2 by 75-keV proton impact. The coherence length of the projectile beam was varied by changing the distance between a collimating slit and the target. By comparing the cross sections measured for large and small coherence lengths pronounced interference effects could be identified in the data. A surprising result is that the phase angle in the interference term is primarily determined by the momentum transfer and only to a lesser extent by the recoil-ion momentum.


Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Fully Differential Cross Sections For Single Ionization Of The 2s And 2p States Of Li By O⁸⁺ Ions, Ebrahim Ghanbari-Adivi, Daniel Fischer, Natalia Ferreira, Johannes Goullon, Renate Hubele, Aaron Laforge, Michael Schulz, Don H. Madison Feb 2018

Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Fully Differential Cross Sections For Single Ionization Of The 2s And 2p States Of Li By O⁸⁺ Ions, Ebrahim Ghanbari-Adivi, Daniel Fischer, Natalia Ferreira, Johannes Goullon, Renate Hubele, Aaron Laforge, Michael Schulz, Don H. Madison

Michael Schulz

This paper presents a full three-dimensional (3D) comparison between experiment and theory for 24 MeV O8+ single ionization of the 2s ground state of lithium and the 2p excited state. Two theoretical approximations are examined: the three-body continuum distorted-wave (3DW) and three-body continuum distorted-wave-eikonal initial state (3DW-EIS). Normally, there is a significant difference between these two approaches and the 3DW-EIS is in much better agreement with experiment. In this case, there is very little difference between the two approaches and both are in very good agreement with experiment. For the excited 2p state, the 3D cross sections would exhibit ...


Complete Momentum Balance In Ionization Of H2 By 75-Kev-Proton Impact For Varying Projectile Coherence, Sachin D. Sharma, T. P. Arthanayaka, Ahmad Hasan, B. R. Lamichhane, J. Remolina, Adolph P. Smith, Michael Schulz Feb 2018

Complete Momentum Balance In Ionization Of H2 By 75-Kev-Proton Impact For Varying Projectile Coherence, Sachin D. Sharma, T. P. Arthanayaka, Ahmad Hasan, B. R. Lamichhane, J. Remolina, Adolph P. Smith, Michael Schulz

Michael Schulz

We report on a kinematically complete experiment on ionization of H2 by proton impact. While a significant impact of the projectile coherence properties on the scattering-angle dependence of double-differential cross sections (DDCSs), reported earlier, is confirmed by the present data, only weak coherence effects are found in the electron and recoil-ion momentum dependence of the DDCSs. This suggests that the phase angle in the interference term is determined primarily by the projectile momentum transfer rather than by the recoil-ion momentum. We therefore cannot rule out the possibility that the interference observed in our data is not primarily due to ...


Comment On "Coincidence Studies Of He Ionized By C⁶⁺, Au²⁴⁺, And Au⁵³⁺", Michael Schulz, Robert Moshammer, Daniel Fischer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich Feb 2018

Comment On "Coincidence Studies Of He Ionized By C⁶⁺, Au²⁴⁺, And Au⁵³⁺", Michael Schulz, Robert Moshammer, Daniel Fischer, Joachim Hermann Ullrich

Michael Schulz

In a recent article, McGovern [Phys. Rev. APLRAAN1050-294710.1103/PhysRevA. 81.042704 81, 042704 (2010)] suggested that the normalization of our measured fully differential cross section for ionization of helium by Au53+ needs to be checked. In this comment we confirm that the normalization of the published data is correct. Furthermore, we point out that, for a conclusive comparison between experiment and theory, an accurate inclusion of the experimental resolution using correct experimental parameters in the calculation is important.


Probing Scattering Wave Functions Close To The Nucleus, Don H. Madison, Daniel Fischer, Matthew S. Foster, Michael Schulz, Robert Moshammer, Stephenie J. Jones, Joachim Hermann Ullrich Feb 2018

Probing Scattering Wave Functions Close To The Nucleus, Don H. Madison, Daniel Fischer, Matthew S. Foster, Michael Schulz, Robert Moshammer, Stephenie J. Jones, Joachim Hermann Ullrich

Daniel Fischer

Recently, three-dimensional imaging of the ejected electrons following 100  MeV/amu C6+ single ionization of helium led to the observation of a new structure not predicted by theory [M. Schulz et al., Nature (London) 422, 48 (2003)]. Instead of the usual “recoil lobe” centered on the momentum-transfer axis, a ring-shaped structure centered on the beam axis was observed. New measurements at 2  MeV/amu exhibit a similar structure, which is now predicted by theory. We argue that the same theory failed at 100  MeV/amu because the faster projectiles probe distances much closer to the nucleus, where our multiple-scattering ...


Breakup Of H2 In Singly Ionizing Collisions With Fast Protons: Channel-Selective Low-Energy Electron Spectra, Christina Dimopoulou, Robert Moshammer, Daniel Fischer, C. Hohr, Alexander Dorn, Pablo Daniel Fainstein, Jose R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, Claus Dieter Schroter, Holger Kollmus, Rido Mann, Siegbert Hagmann, Joachim Hermann Ullrich Feb 2018

Breakup Of H2 In Singly Ionizing Collisions With Fast Protons: Channel-Selective Low-Energy Electron Spectra, Christina Dimopoulou, Robert Moshammer, Daniel Fischer, C. Hohr, Alexander Dorn, Pablo Daniel Fainstein, Jose R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, Claus Dieter Schroter, Holger Kollmus, Rido Mann, Siegbert Hagmann, Joachim Hermann Ullrich

Daniel Fischer

The dissociation of H2 in singly ionizing collisions with fast protons was analyzed using channel-selective low-energy electron spectra. Dissociative and nondissociative single ionization of H2 by 6MeV proton impact was described in a kinematically by determining momentum vectors of electron and H+ fragment of H2+ target ion, respectively. The electron spectra exhibited role of autoionization of doubly and singly excited states of H2. The doubly and singly excited states of H2 involve coupling between electronic and nuclear motion of molecule.


(E,2e) Ionization Studies Of N₂ At Low To Intermediate Energies From A Coplanar Geometry To The Perpendicular Plane, Ahmad Sakaamini, Matthew Harvey, Sadek Amami, Andrew James Murray, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning Aug 2017

(E,2e) Ionization Studies Of N₂ At Low To Intermediate Energies From A Coplanar Geometry To The Perpendicular Plane, Ahmad Sakaamini, Matthew Harvey, Sadek Amami, Andrew James Murray, Don H. Madison, Chuangang Ning

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Synopsis. The progress of experimental and theoretical measurements for (e,2e) ionization cross sections from Nitrogen molecules is presented. Results are given for energies from ~10 eV above the ionization potential (IP) through to ~100 eV above the IP for the 3σg, 1πu and 2σg states.


Electron-Impact Ionization Of H₂O At Low Projectile Energy: Internormalized Triple-Differential Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Khokon Hossen, Esam Ali, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison, Andrew Dorn Feb 2017

Electron-Impact Ionization Of H₂O At Low Projectile Energy: Internormalized Triple-Differential Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Khokon Hossen, Esam Ali, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison, Andrew Dorn

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report a combined experimental and theoretical study of the electron-impact ionization of water (H2O) at the relatively low incident energy of E0=81eV in which either the 1b1 or 3a1 orbitals are ionized leading to the stable H2O cation. The experimental data were measured by using a reaction microscope, which can cover nearly the entire 4π solid angle for the secondary electron emission over a range of ejection energies. We present experimental data for the scattering angles of 6⁰ and 10⁰ for the faster of the two outgoing electrons as a function ...


Electron Impact Excitation-Ionization Of Molecules, Esam Abobakr A. Ali Jan 2017

Electron Impact Excitation-Ionization Of Molecules, Esam Abobakr A. Ali

Doctoral Dissertations

"In the last few decades, the study of atomic collisions by electron-impact has made significant advances. The most difficult case to study is electron impact ionization of molecules for which many approximations have to be made and the validity of these approximations can only be checked by comparing with experiment.

In this thesis, I have examined the Molecular three-body distorted wave (M3DW) or Molecular four-body distorted wave (M4DW) approximations for electron-impact ionization. These models use a fully quantum mechanical approach where all particles are treated quantum mechanically and the post collision interaction (PCI) is treated to all orders of perturbation ...


Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Target Ionization With Simultaneous Projectile Detachment In 200-Kev H⁻ + He Collisions, T. Ferger, Michael Schulz, Daniel Fischer, B. Najjari, R. Moshammer, J. D. Ullrich Aug 2016

Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Target Ionization With Simultaneous Projectile Detachment In 200-Kev H⁻ + He Collisions, T. Ferger, Michael Schulz, Daniel Fischer, B. Najjari, R. Moshammer, J. D. Ullrich

Michael Schulz

We have performed a kinematically complete experiment for target ionization with simultaneous projectile detachment (TIPD) in 200-keV H + He collisions. From the data we extracted triple-differential cross sections (TDCSs) for each electron separately. These TDCSs closely resemble corresponding data for single ionization by charged-particle impact. Surprisingly, the contributions from higher-order processes to TIPD, proceeding through two independent interactions of each electron with the core of the respective other collision partner, are found to be somewhat larger than the first-order process proceeding through the electron-electron interaction.


Mutual Ionization In 200-Kev H⁻+ He Collisions, T. Ferger, Daniel Fischer, Michael Schulz, R. Moshammer, A. B. Voitkiv, B. Najjari, J. Ullrich Aug 2016

Mutual Ionization In 200-Kev H⁻+ He Collisions, T. Ferger, Daniel Fischer, Michael Schulz, R. Moshammer, A. B. Voitkiv, B. Najjari, J. Ullrich

Michael Schulz

We studied mutual ionization in 200-keV H-+He collisions in a kinematically complete experiment by measuring the fully momentum-analyzed recoil ions and both active electrons in coincidence. Comparison of the data to our calculations, based on various theoretical models, show that mutual ionization proceeds predominantly through the interaction between both electrons. The post-collision interaction between the outgoing ejected electrons as well as higher order processes involving the interaction between the core of both collision partners are also important.


Double Ionization Of Helium By Ion Impact Analyzed Using Four-Body Dalitz Plots, M. F. Ciappina, Michael Schulz, T. Kirchner, Daniel Fischer, R. Moshammer, J. D. Ullrich Aug 2016

Double Ionization Of Helium By Ion Impact Analyzed Using Four-Body Dalitz Plots, M. F. Ciappina, Michael Schulz, T. Kirchner, Daniel Fischer, R. Moshammer, J. D. Ullrich

Michael Schulz

We have performed experimental and theoretical studies of double ionization of helium by 6 MeV proton impact using a recently developed tool, four-particle Dalitz plots [Schulz et al., J. Phys. B 22, 3091 (2007)] which enable the representation of multiple differential cross sections as a function of all four fragments in a single spectrum without loss of any part of the total cross section. As a result, the relative importance of the various interactions between the fragments can be studied in great detail. Comparisons of experimental data with theoretical first-order calculations and simulations for the higher-order (TS-2) process show that ...


Analysis Of Experimental Data For Ion-Impact Single Ionization Of Helium With Monte Carlo Event Generators Based On Quantum Theory, M. Dürr, B. Najjari, Michael Schulz, A. Dorn, R. Moshammer, A. B. Voitkiv, J. Ullrich Aug 2016

Analysis Of Experimental Data For Ion-Impact Single Ionization Of Helium With Monte Carlo Event Generators Based On Quantum Theory, M. Dürr, B. Najjari, Michael Schulz, A. Dorn, R. Moshammer, A. B. Voitkiv, J. Ullrich

Michael Schulz

Recent multiply differential experimental data taken with reaction microscopes severely challenge predictions of quantum mechanical few-body models. Here, we report on a thorough analysis of all known possible experimental resolution effects and their influence on the extracted cross sections. Using a Monte Carlo event generator to simulate true events on the basis of quantum calculations allows us to consistently incorporate all aspects of the experimental resolution of the reaction microscope. We study the effect of the instrumental function in single ionization of helium by 3.6 MeV/u Au53+ and 100 MeV/u C6+ ions and find it to significantly ...


Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Fully Differential Cross Sections For Single Ionization Of The 2s And 2p States Of Li By O⁸⁺ Ions, Ebrahim Ghanbari-Adivi, Daniel Fischer, Natalia Ferreira, Johannes Goullon, Renate Hubele, Aaron Laforge, Michael Schulz, Don H. Madison Aug 2016

Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Fully Differential Cross Sections For Single Ionization Of The 2s And 2p States Of Li By O⁸⁺ Ions, Ebrahim Ghanbari-Adivi, Daniel Fischer, Natalia Ferreira, Johannes Goullon, Renate Hubele, Aaron Laforge, Michael Schulz, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

This paper presents a full three-dimensional (3D) comparison between experiment and theory for 24 MeV O8+ single ionization of the 2s ground state of lithium and the 2p excited state. Two theoretical approximations are examined: the three-body continuum distorted-wave (3DW) and three-body continuum distorted-wave-eikonal initial state (3DW-EIS). Normally, there is a significant difference between these two approaches and the 3DW-EIS is in much better agreement with experiment. In this case, there is very little difference between the two approaches and both are in very good agreement with experiment. For the excited 2p state, the 3D cross sections would exhibit ...


Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Triple Differential Cross Sections For The Single Ionization Of Co2 (1Πg) By Electron Impact, Zehra N. Ozer, Esam Ali, Mevlut Dogan, Murat Yavuz, Osman Alwan, Adnan Naja, Ochbadrakh Chuluunbaatar, Boghos B. Joulakian, Chuan-Gang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Jun 2016

Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Triple Differential Cross Sections For The Single Ionization Of Co2 (1Πg) By Electron Impact, Zehra N. Ozer, Esam Ali, Mevlut Dogan, Murat Yavuz, Osman Alwan, Adnan Naja, Ochbadrakh Chuluunbaatar, Boghos B. Joulakian, Chuan-Gang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Experimental and theoretical triple differential cross sections for intermediate-energy (250 eV) electron-impact single ionization of the CO2 are presented for three fixed projectile scattering angles. Results are presented for ionization of the outermost 1πg molecular orbital of CO2 in a coplanar asymmetric geometry. The experimental data are compared to predictions from the three-center Coulomb continuum approximation for triatomic targets, and the molecular three-body distorted wave (M3DW) model. It is observed that while both theories are in reasonable qualitative agreement with experiment, the M3DW is in the best overall agreement with experiment.


Experimental And Theoretical Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Tetrahydrofuran Ionized By Low-Energy 26-Ev-Electron Impact, Esam Ali, Xueguang Ren, Alexander Dorn, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Jun 2016

Experimental And Theoretical Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Tetrahydrofuran Ionized By Low-Energy 26-Ev-Electron Impact, Esam Ali, Xueguang Ren, Alexander Dorn, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report an experimental and theoretical study of low-energy electron-impact ionization of tetrahydrofuran, which is a molecule of biological interest. The experiments were performed using an advanced reaction microscope specially built for electron-impact ionization studies. The theoretical calculations were performed within the molecular three-body distorted-wave model. Reasonably good agreement is found between experiment and theory.


Kinematically Complete Study Of Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Argon: Internormalized Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Oleg Zatsarinny, Thomas Pflüger, Marvin Weyland, Alexander Dorn, Don H. Madison, Klaus Bartschat Jun 2016

Kinematically Complete Study Of Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Argon: Internormalized Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Oleg Zatsarinny, Thomas Pflüger, Marvin Weyland, Alexander Dorn, Don H. Madison, Klaus Bartschat

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

As a further test of advanced theoretical methods to describe electron-impact single-ionization processes in complex atomic targets, we extended our recent work on Ne(2p) ionization [X. Ren, S. Amami, O. Zatsarinny, T. Pflüger, M. Weyland, W. Y. Baek, H. Rabus, K. Bartschat, D. Madison, and A. Dorn, Phys. Rev. A 91, 032707 (2015)PLRAAN1050-294710.1103/PhysRevA.91.032707] to Ar(3p) ionization at the relatively low incident energy of E0 = 66 eV. The experimental data were obtained with a reaction microscope, which can cover nearly the entire 4π solid angle for the secondary electron emission. We present experimental ...


Influence Of Orbital Symmetry On Diffraction Imaging With Rescattering Electron Wave Packets, Michael G. Pullen, Benjamin Wolter, Anh-Thu Le, Matthias Baudisch, Michele Sclafani, Hugo Pires, Claus Dieter Schroeter, Joachim Ullrich, Robert Moshammer, Thomas Pfeifer, C. D. Lin, Jens Biegert Jun 2016

Influence Of Orbital Symmetry On Diffraction Imaging With Rescattering Electron Wave Packets, Michael G. Pullen, Benjamin Wolter, Anh-Thu Le, Matthias Baudisch, Michele Sclafani, Hugo Pires, Claus Dieter Schroeter, Joachim Ullrich, Robert Moshammer, Thomas Pfeifer, C. D. Lin, Jens Biegert

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The ability to directly follow and time-resolve the rearrangement of the nuclei within molecules is a frontier of science that requires atomic spatial and few-femtosecond temporal resolutions. While laser-induced electron diffraction can meet these requirements, it was recently concluded that molecules with particular orbital symmetries (such as πg) cannot be imaged using purely backscattering electron wave packets without molecular alignment. Here, we demonstrate, in direct contradiction to these findings, that the orientation and shape of molecular orbitals presents no impediment for retrieving molecular structure with adequate sampling of the momentum transfer space. We overcome previous issues by showcasing retrieval ...