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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Ab Initio Calculation Of The Electromagnetic And Neutral Weak Response Functions Of 4He And 12C, A. Lovato, O. Benhar, J. Carlson, S. Gandolfi, Steven C. Pieper, N. Rocco, R. Schiavilla Jan 2016

Ab Initio Calculation Of The Electromagnetic And Neutral Weak Response Functions Of 4He And 12C, A. Lovato, O. Benhar, J. Carlson, S. Gandolfi, Steven C. Pieper, N. Rocco, R. Schiavilla

Physics Faculty Publications

Precise measurement of neutrino oscillations, and hence the determination of their masses demands a quantitative understanding of neutrino-nucleus interactions. To this aim, two-body meson-exchange currents have to be accounted for along within realistic models of nuclear dynamics. We summarize our progresses towards the construction of a consistent framework, based on quantum Monte Carlo methods and on the spectral function approach, that can be exploited to accurately describe neutrino interactions with atomic nuclei over the broad kinematical region covered by neutrino experiments.


Temperature Dependence Of The Training Effect In Exchange Coupled Ferromagnetic Bilayers, Christian Binek, Srinivas Polisetty, Sarbeswar Sahoo Mar 2012

Temperature Dependence Of The Training Effect In Exchange Coupled Ferromagnetic Bilayers, Christian Binek, Srinivas Polisetty, Sarbeswar Sahoo

Christian Binek

The temperature dependence of the training effect is studied in an exchange coupled thin-film bilayer composed of a hard ferromagnetic pinning (CoPtCrB) layer in proximity of a soft ferromagnetic pinned (CoCr) layer. Interlayer exchange shifts the hysteresis loops of the soft layer along the magnetic-field axis. This shift is quantified by the bias field in far reaching analogy to the exchange bias field of conventional antiferromagnetic/ferromagnetic heterostructures. A ferromagnetic domain state induced in the hard layer experiences aging very similar to the training behavior of the antiferromagnetic domain state in conventional exchange bias systems. Training originates from changes in ...


Extrinsic Control Of The Exchange Bias, Christian Binek Mar 2012

Extrinsic Control Of The Exchange Bias, Christian Binek

Christian Binek

A new control mechanism for the exchange bias effect in magnetic heterostructures is proposed. It takes advantage of the magnetoelectric effect which takes place in the antiferromagnetic pinning layer. In contrast with the pioneering AC measurements of the magnetoelectric effect, we investigate the magnetic response of the prototypical magnetoelectric compound Cr2O3 on static electric fields. The linear dependence of the magnetic moment on the applied axial electric field and the temperature dependence of the corresponding slopes αshort parallel are measured by DC SQUID magnetometry. The contribution of the field-induced surface magnetization and its impact on the exchange bias effect is ...


Exchange Bias In A Generalized Meiklejohn-Bean Approach, Christian Binek Mar 2012

Exchange Bias In A Generalized Meiklejohn-Bean Approach, Christian Binek

Christian Binek

A generalized Meiklejohn–Bean model is considered in order to derive an analytic expression for the dependence of the previous exchange bias term field on the layer thickness involved in ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic heterosystems, on the orientation of the applied magnetic field with respect to the magnetic easy axes and on the quenched magnetization MAF of the antiferromagnetic pinning layer. While MAF is a well-known feature of field-cooled dilute antiferromagnets, it seems to occur quite generally also in pure AF pinning substrates. The new analytic expressions are successfully compared with recent experimental results and Monte Carlo investigations.


Quenching Of The Exchange Bias Training In Fe/Cr2o3/Fe Trilayer, S. Sahoo, Christian Binek Mar 2012

Quenching Of The Exchange Bias Training In Fe/Cr2o3/Fe Trilayer, S. Sahoo, Christian Binek

Christian Binek

Exchange bias (EB) and its associated training effects are studied in an epitaxial Fe(10 nm)/Cr2O3(2.7 nm)/Fe(10 nm) trilayer heterostructure grown by molecular beam epitaxy. The EB decreases linearly with increasing temperature from T = 5 K to T = 50 K. It changes sign and becomes positive within 50 K < T < 200 K, finally changing back to regular EB for T<200K up to the highest measured temperature of T = 395 K. Remarkably, the latter is far above the bulk Néel temperature TN = 307 K. EB training effects occur only at 5 K < T < 50 K ...


Exchange Bias In Fe0.6zn0.4f2 Heterostructures, Christian Binek Mar 2012

Exchange Bias In Fe0.6zn0.4f2 Heterostructures, Christian Binek

Christian Binek

The previous exchange bias field, He, is measured in Fe0.6Zn0.4F2/Fe heterosystems prepared from Fe layers of 14 and 5 nm thickness which are deposited on top of the compensated (1 1 0) surface of the antiferromagnet. Deviations from a linear dependence of He on the magnetization of the Fe layer are attributed to ferromagnetic domains. Moreover, piezomagnetism and its influence on He are evidenced.


Robust Isothermal Electric Control Of Exchange Bias At Room Temperature, Xi He, Yi Wang, Christian Binek, Peter Dowben Mar 2012

Robust Isothermal Electric Control Of Exchange Bias At Room Temperature, Xi He, Yi Wang, Christian Binek, Peter Dowben

Christian Binek

Voltage-controlled spin electronics is crucial for continued progress in information technology. It aims at reduced power consumption, increased integration density and enhanced functionality where non-volatile memory is combined with highspeed logical processing. Promising spintronic device concepts use the electric control of interface and surface magnetization. From the combination of magnetometry, spin-polarized photoemission spectroscopy, symmetry arguments and first-principles calculations, we show that the (0001) surface of magnetoelectric Cr2O3 has a roughness-insensitive, electrically switchable magnetization. Using a ferromagnetic Pd/Co multilayer deposited on the (0001) surface of a Cr2O3 single crystal, we achieve reversible, room-temperature isothermal switching of the exchange-bias field between ...


Exchange Bias In Fef20-Copt Heterosystems With Perpendicular Anisotropy, Christian Binek Mar 2012

Exchange Bias In Fef20-Copt Heterosystems With Perpendicular Anisotropy, Christian Binek

Christian Binek

The previous exchange bias effect is measured in heterosystems with perpendicular anisotropy consisting of Co/Pt multilayers on top of the (0 0 1) face of a previous FeF2 single crystal. The resulting previous exchange field HE exhibits a strong dependence on temperature and the axial freezing field, HF. Within the framework of an Ising-type model, the HE vs. T as well as the HE vs. HF data are explained in terms of the microscopic spin structure at the interface.


Generation Of Isolated Attosecond Extreme Ultraviolet Pulses: Optimization Of Coupled Ellipsoids, Sarah L. Stebbings, F. Süßmann, Y-Y Yang, A. Scrinzi, Maxim Durach, Anastasia Rusina, Mark I. Stockman, Matthias F. Kling Jan 2011

Generation Of Isolated Attosecond Extreme Ultraviolet Pulses: Optimization Of Coupled Ellipsoids, Sarah L. Stebbings, F. Süßmann, Y-Y Yang, A. Scrinzi, Maxim Durach, Anastasia Rusina, Mark I. Stockman, Matthias F. Kling

Maxim Durach

The production of extreme ultraviolet (XUV) radiation via nanoplasmonic field-enhanced high-harmonic generation (HHG) in gold nanostructures at MHz repetition rates is investigated theoretically in this paper. Analytical and numerical calculations are employed and compared in order to determine the plasmonic fields in gold ellipsoidal nanoparticles. The comparison indicates that numerical calculations can accurately predict the field enhancement and plasmonic decay, but may encounter difficulties when attempting to predict the oscillatory behavior of the plasmonic field. Numerical calculations for coupled symmetric and asymmetric ellipsoids for different carrier-envelope phases (CEPs) of the driving laser field are combined with time-dependent Schrödinger equation simulations ...


Robust Isothermal Electric Control Of Exchange Bias At Room Temperature, Xi He, Yi Wang, Christian Binek, Peter A. Dowben Jun 2010

Robust Isothermal Electric Control Of Exchange Bias At Room Temperature, Xi He, Yi Wang, Christian Binek, Peter A. Dowben

Christian Binek Publications

Voltage-controlled spin electronics is crucial for continued progress in information technology. It aims at reduced power consumption, increased integration density and enhanced functionality where non-volatile memory is combined with highspeed logical processing. Promising spintronic device concepts use the electric control of interface and surface magnetization. From the combination of magnetometry, spin-polarized photoemission spectroscopy, symmetry arguments and first-principles calculations, we show that the (0001) surface of magnetoelectric Cr2O3 has a roughness-insensitive, electrically switchable magnetization. Using a ferromagnetic Pd/Co multilayer deposited on the (0001) surface of a Cr2O3 single crystal, we achieve reversible, room-temperature isothermal switching of the exchange-bias field between ...


Temperature Dependence Of The Training Effect In Exchange Coupled Ferromagnetic Bilayers, Christian Binek, Srinivas Polisetty, Sarbeswar Sahoo Nov 2008

Temperature Dependence Of The Training Effect In Exchange Coupled Ferromagnetic Bilayers, Christian Binek, Srinivas Polisetty, Sarbeswar Sahoo

Christian Binek Publications

The temperature dependence of the training effect is studied in an exchange coupled thin-film bilayer composed of a hard ferromagnetic pinning (CoPtCrB) layer in proximity of a soft ferromagnetic pinned (CoCr) layer. Interlayer exchange shifts the hysteresis loops of the soft layer along the magnetic-field axis. This shift is quantified by the bias field in far reaching analogy to the exchange bias field of conventional antiferromagnetic/ferromagnetic heterostructures. A ferromagnetic domain state induced in the hard layer experiences aging very similar to the training behavior of the antiferromagnetic domain state in conventional exchange bias systems. Training originates from changes in ...


Quenching Of The Exchange Bias Training In Fe/Cr2o3/Fe Trilayer, Sarbeswar Sahoo, Christian Binek Oct 2008

Quenching Of The Exchange Bias Training In Fe/Cr2o3/Fe Trilayer, Sarbeswar Sahoo, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

Exchange bias (EB) and its associated training effects are studied in an epitaxial Fe(10 nm)/Cr2O3(2.7 nm)/Fe(10 nm) trilayer heterostructure grown by molecular beam epitaxy. The EB decreases linearly with increasing temperature from T = 5 K to T = 50 K. It changes sign and becomes positive within 50 K < T < 200 K, finally changing back to regular EB for T<200K up to the highest measured temperature of T = 395 K. Remarkably, the latter is far above the bulk Néel temperature TN = 307 K. EB training effects occur only at 5 K < T < 50 K. We show that this training can be quenched by subjecting the system to DC magnetic field, µ0HDC <= 7 T. The applied field most likely induces a temperature dependent spin-flop transition. Upon its removal the antiferromagnetic Cr2O3 pinning layer evolves uniformly into its quasi-equilibrium spin configuration thus leading to quasi-equilibrium EB.


Extrinsic Control Of The Exchange Bias, Christian Binek Jan 2004

Extrinsic Control Of The Exchange Bias, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

A new control mechanism for the exchange bias effect in magnetic heterostructures is proposed. It takes advantage of the magnetoelectric effect which takes place in the antiferromagnetic pinning layer. In contrast with the pioneering AC measurements of the magnetoelectric effect, we investigate the magnetic response of the prototypical magnetoelectric compound Cr2O3 on static electric fields. The linear dependence of the magnetic moment on the applied axial electric field and the temperature dependence of the corresponding slopes αshort parallel are measured by DC SQUID magnetometry. The contribution of the field-induced surface magnetization and its impact on the exchange bias effect is ...


Exchange Bias In Fef20-Copt Heterosystems With Perpendicular Anisotropy, Christian Binek Nov 2001

Exchange Bias In Fef20-Copt Heterosystems With Perpendicular Anisotropy, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

The previous exchange bias effect is measured in heterosystems with perpendicular anisotropy consisting of Co/Pt multilayers on top of the (0 0 1) face of a previous FeF2 single crystal. The resulting previous exchange field HE exhibits a strong dependence on temperature and the axial freezing field, HF. Within the framework of an Ising-type model, the HE vs. T as well as the HE vs. HF data are explained in terms of the microscopic spin structure at the interface.


Exchange Bias In Fe0.6zn0.4f2 Heterostructures, Christian Binek Oct 2001

Exchange Bias In Fe0.6zn0.4f2 Heterostructures, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

The previous exchange bias field, He, is measured in Fe0.6Zn0.4F2/Fe heterosystems prepared from Fe layers of 14 and 5 nm thickness which are deposited on top of the compensated (1 1 0) surface of the antiferromagnet. Deviations from a linear dependence of He on the magnetization of the Fe layer are attributed to ferromagnetic domains. Moreover, piezomagnetism and its influence on He are evidenced.


Exchange Bias In A Generalized Meiklejohn-Bean Approach, Christian Binek Aug 2001

Exchange Bias In A Generalized Meiklejohn-Bean Approach, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

A generalized Meiklejohn–Bean model is considered in order to derive an analytic expression for the dependence of the previous exchange bias term field on the layer thickness involved in ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic heterosystems, on the orientation of the applied magnetic field with respect to the magnetic easy axes and on the quenched magnetization MAF of the antiferromagnetic pinning layer. While MAF is a well-known feature of field-cooled dilute antiferromagnets, it seems to occur quite generally also in pure AF pinning substrates. The new analytic expressions are successfully compared with recent experimental results and Monte Carlo investigations.


Simultaneous Determination Of Fe 3p Spin-Orbit And Exchange Splittings In Photoemission, D. J. Huang, D. Mark Riffe, J. L. Erskine Jun 1995

Simultaneous Determination Of Fe 3p Spin-Orbit And Exchange Splittings In Photoemission, D. J. Huang, D. Mark Riffe, J. L. Erskine

All Physics Faculty Publications

Spin-resolved core-level photoemission data from the 3p level of ultrathin Fe films [1.4–5.1 monolayers (ML)] epitaxially grown on W(110) have been obtained. A nonlinear least-squares analysis, based on a one-particle Hamiltonian that simultaneously includes core-valence exchange and core-hole spin-orbit interactions, is developed. It is first tested on Fe 2p magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) photoemission spectra and shown to successfully describe the MCD asymmetry data. The model is then used to analyze our thin-film 3p data. With increasing film thickness the spin-orbit splitting (0.67±0.02 eV) remains constant (as expected), the exchange splitting increases from ...


A Relativistic One Pion Exchange Model Of Proton-Neutron Electron-Positron Pair Production, William A. Peterson May 1973

A Relativistic One Pion Exchange Model Of Proton-Neutron Electron-Positron Pair Production, William A. Peterson

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Proton-neutron electron-positron pair production cross sections are calculated in the framework of the pseudoscalar one-pion exchange model in a fully relativistic manner.

A computer program has been developed to evaluate invariants and Dirac traces for a given data point.

The sections for symmetric coplanar events for laboratory kinetic energies of 10 to 250 MeV were calculated for pair angles of 20° to 120°.

Frequency distributions were also calculated, at a laboratory energy of 200 MeV, using a random number generator to select data points. The frequency distributions are illustrated by curves.

It was noted that the inclusion of heavier bosons ...