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Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Characterization Of Laser-Generated Aluminum Plasma Using Ion Time-Of-Flight And Optical Emission Spectroscopy, Md. Haider A. Shaim, Hani E. Elsayed-Ali Nov 2017

Characterization Of Laser-Generated Aluminum Plasma Using Ion Time-Of-Flight And Optical Emission Spectroscopy, Md. Haider A. Shaim, Hani E. Elsayed-Ali

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Laser plasma generated by ablation of an Al target in vacuum is characterized by ion time-of-flight combined with optical emission spectroscopy. A Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (wavelength λ = 1064 nm, pulse width τ ∼ 7 ns, and fluence F ≤ 38 J/cm2) is used to ablate the Al target. Ion yield and energy distribution of each charge state are measured. Ions are accelerated according to their charge state by the double-layer potential developed at the plasma-vacuum interface. The ion energy distribution follows a shifted Coulomb-Boltzmann distribution. Optical emission spectroscopy of the Al plasma gives significantly lower plasma temperature than the ...


On Laser-Induced Plasma Containing Hydrogen, Ghaneshwar Gautam Aug 2017

On Laser-Induced Plasma Containing Hydrogen, Ghaneshwar Gautam

Doctoral Dissertations

Laser-induced micro-plasma dynamics are investigated in laboratory air, ultra-high-pure hydrogen gas, and hydrogen-nitrogen gas mixtures. The dissertation focuses on atomic spectroscopy of hydrogen in the visible region.

Line-of-sight measurements are analyzed to obtain spatial distributions of electron densities and excitation temperatures. The studies include evaluation of self-absorption phenomena. The plasma dynamics occur initially well above re-entry speeds and diminish to hypersonic and then supersonic expansions. Expansion velocities are measured that are above three hundred times the speed of sound in standard atmosphere. Optical breakdown is induced by using pulsed laser radiation. Emission spectra are collected by employing a spectrometer equipped ...


Power And Langmuir Probe Measurements Of H2 Rf Plasma, Alexander A. Stowell May 2016

Power And Langmuir Probe Measurements Of H2 Rf Plasma, Alexander A. Stowell

Macalester Journal of Physics and Astronomy

Methane based gases are often used to produce thin films of biomaterials, such as diamond-like carbon, through Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition. The characterization of the H2 plasma will give a deeper understanding of the physical processes occurring. Understanding these processes could lead to the optimization of the production of these thin films in the future. In this paper, we examine the H2 plasma using a Langmuir probe to gain information on the electron temperature and density of the plasma discharge. We measured electron temperatures of 6eV. Our Langmuir probe data indicates the electron temperature remains constant as ...


Dissociative Excitation Of H2 In An Rf Plasma, John Carlson May 2016

Dissociative Excitation Of H2 In An Rf Plasma, John Carlson

Macalester Journal of Physics and Astronomy

Plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition is a widely used method for depositing thin films. In order to optimize the properties of the films, it is important to understand the plasma processes that occur during film growth. In this research we use optical emission spectroscopy in order to measure the spectral emission lines of a plasma produced with hydrogen gas. In conjunction with other measurements and modeling, these measurements can provide insight to the electron energy distribution of the plasma.


Auroral Ion Outflow: Low Altitude Energization, K. A. Lynch, J. L. Semeter, M. Zettergren, P. Kintner, R. Arnoldy, E. Klatt, J. Labelle, R. G. Michell Oct 2007

Auroral Ion Outflow: Low Altitude Energization, K. A. Lynch, J. L. Semeter, M. Zettergren, P. Kintner, R. Arnoldy, E. Klatt, J. Labelle, R. G. Michell

Open Dartmouth: Published works by Dartmouth faculty

The SIERRA nightside auroral sounding rocket made observations of the origins of ion upflow, at topside F-region altitudes (below 700 km), comparatively large topside plasma densities (above 20 000/cc), and low energies (10 eV). Upflowing ions with bulk velocities up to 2 km/s are seen in conjunction with the poleward edge of a nightside substorm arc. The upflow is limited within the poleward edge to a region (a) of northward convection, (b) where Alfvenic ´ and Pedersen conductivities are well-matched, leading to good ionospheric transmission of Alfvenic power, and (c) of ´ soft electron precipitation (below 100 eV). Models of ...


Time-Resolved Electron Temperature Measurement In A Highly-Excited Gold Target Usingfemtosecond Thermionic Emission, W. Y. Wang, D. Mark Riffe, Y. S. Lee, M. C. Downer Sep 1994

Time-Resolved Electron Temperature Measurement In A Highly-Excited Gold Target Usingfemtosecond Thermionic Emission, W. Y. Wang, D. Mark Riffe, Y. S. Lee, M. C. Downer

All Physics Faculty Publications

We report direct measurement of hot-electron temperatures and relaxation dynamics for peak electron temperatures between 3400 and 11 000 K utilizing two-pulse-correlation femtosecond (fs) thermionic emission. The fast relaxation times (<1.5 ps) are described by extending RT characterizations of the thermal conductivity, electron-phonon coupling, and electronic specific heat to these high electron temperatures.


Subpicosecond Thomson Scattering Measurements Of Optically Ionized Helium Plasmas, T. E. Glover, Thomas D. Donnelly, E. A. Lipman, A. Sullivan, R. W. Falcone Jul 1994

Subpicosecond Thomson Scattering Measurements Of Optically Ionized Helium Plasmas, T. E. Glover, Thomas D. Donnelly, E. A. Lipman, A. Sullivan, R. W. Falcone

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

We present the first subpicosecond time-resolved temperature measurements of plasmas produced by high-intensity optical ionization. Thomson scattering is used to measure electron and ion temperatures of helium plasmas created by 125 fs, 800 nm laser pulses focused to an intensity of 2 × 1017 W/cm2. We find that the electron temperature is accurately predicted by a tunneling ionization model. The measured ion temperature is consistent with direct heating by the laser pulse.


Theoretical Study Of The Effect Of Ionospheric Return Currents On The Electron Temperature, Robert W. Schunk, Jan Josef Sojka, M. D. Bowline Jan 1987

Theoretical Study Of The Effect Of Ionospheric Return Currents On The Electron Temperature, Robert W. Schunk, Jan Josef Sojka, M. D. Bowline

All Physics Faculty Publications

An electron heat flow can occur in a partially ionized plasma in response to either an electron temperature gradient (thermal conduction) or an electron current (thermoelectric heat flow). The former process has been extensively studied, while the latter process has received relatively little attention. Therefore a time-dependent three-dimensional model of the high-latitude ionosphere was used to study the effect of field-aligned ionospheric return currents on auroral electron temperatures for different seasonal and solar cycle conditions as well as for different upper boundary heat fluxes. The results of this study lead to the following conclusions: (1) The average, large-scale, return current ...


Theoretical Study Of The Electron Temperature In The High-Latitude Ionosphere For Solar Maximum And Winter Conditions, Robert W. Schunk, Jan Josef Sojka, M. D. Bowline Jan 1986

Theoretical Study Of The Electron Temperature In The High-Latitude Ionosphere For Solar Maximum And Winter Conditions, Robert W. Schunk, Jan Josef Sojka, M. D. Bowline

All Physics Faculty Publications

The electron temperature (Te) variation in the high-latitude ionosphere at altitudes between 120 and 800 km has been modeled for solar maximum, winter solstice, and strong magnetic activity conditions. The calculated electron temperatures are consistent with the plasma densities and ion temperatures computed from a time-dependent ionospheric model. Heating rates for both solar EUV and auroral precipitation were included. In general, the predicted UT variation of the electron temperature that results from the displacement between the magnetic and geographic poles is only a few hundred degrees. However, in sunlit trough regions, Te hot spots develop, and these hot ...