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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Rhodizonic Acid On Noble Metals: Surface Reactivity And Coordination Chemistry, Donna A. Kunkel, James Hooper, Scott Simpson, Sumit Beniwal, Katie L. Morrow, Douglas C. Smith, Kimberly Cousins, Stephen Ducharme, Eva Zurek, Axel Enders Sep 2014

Rhodizonic Acid On Noble Metals: Surface Reactivity And Coordination Chemistry, Donna A. Kunkel, James Hooper, Scott Simpson, Sumit Beniwal, Katie L. Morrow, Douglas C. Smith, Kimberly Cousins, Stephen Ducharme, Eva Zurek, Axel Enders

Axel Enders

A study of the two-dimensional crystallization of rhodizonic acid on the crystalline surfaces of gold and copper is presented. Rhodizonic acid, a cyclic oxocarbon related to the ferroelectric croconic acid and the antiferroelectric squaric acid, has not been synthesized in bulk crystalline form yet. Capitalizing on surface-assisted molecular self-assembly, a two-dimensional analogue to the well-known solution-based coordination chemistry, two-dimensional structures of rhodizonic acid were stabilized under ultrahigh vacuum on Au(111) and Cu(111) surfaces. Scanning tunneling microscopy, coupled with first-principles calculations, reveals that on the less reactive Au surface, extended two-dimensional islands of rhodizonic acid are formed, in which ...


Electronic Structure And Charge Transfer Excited States Of Endohedral Fullerene Containing Electron Donor-Acceptor Complexes Utilized In Organic Photovoltaics, Fatemeh Amerikheirabadi Jan 2014

Electronic Structure And Charge Transfer Excited States Of Endohedral Fullerene Containing Electron Donor-Acceptor Complexes Utilized In Organic Photovoltaics, Fatemeh Amerikheirabadi

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Organic Donor &ndash Acceptor complexes form the main component of the organic photovoltaic devices (OPVs). The open circuit voltage of OPVs is directly related to the charge transfer excited state energies of these complexes. Currently a large number of different molecular complexes are being tested for their efficiency in photovoltaic devices. In this work, density functional theory as implemented in the NRLMOL code is used to investigate the electronic structure and related properties of these donor &ndash acceptor complexes. The charge transfer excitation energies are calculated using the perturbative delta self &ndash consistent field method recently developed in our group ...


Anomalous Magneto-Structural Behavior Of Mnbi Explained: A Path Towards An Improved Permanent Magnet, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Linlin Wang, Duane D. Johnson Jan 2014

Anomalous Magneto-Structural Behavior Of Mnbi Explained: A Path Towards An Improved Permanent Magnet, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Linlin Wang, Duane D. Johnson

Ames Laboratory Publications

Low-temperature MnBi (hexagonal NiAs phase) exhibits anomalies in the lattice constants (a, c) and bulk elastic modulus (B) below 100 K, spin reorientation and magnetic susceptibilitymaximum near 90 K, and, importantly for high-temperature magnetic applications, an increasingcoercivity (unique to MnBi) above 180  K. We calculate the total energy and magneto-anisotropyenergy (MAE) versus (a, c) using DFT+U methods. We reproduce and explain all the above anomalies. We predict that coercivity and MAE increase due to increasing a, suggesting means to improve MnBi permanent magnets.