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Articles 1  30 of 76
FullText Articles in Physics
DftBased Study Of Electric Field Effect On The Polarizability Of Three Ringed Nematic Liquid Crystal Molecules, Pranav Upadhyay, Mirtunjai Mishra, Ankur Trivedi, Jitendra Kumar, Asheesh Kumar, Devesh Kumar
DftBased Study Of Electric Field Effect On The Polarizability Of Three Ringed Nematic Liquid Crystal Molecules, Pranav Upadhyay, Mirtunjai Mishra, Ankur Trivedi, Jitendra Kumar, Asheesh Kumar, Devesh Kumar
Makara Journal of Science
Owing to its successful application to complex molecular systems, computational density functional theory (DFT) has been used to study the effect of an electric field on the molecular polarizability and HOMO–LUMO gap of 1phenyl4{2[(1s,4r)4pentylcyclohexyl]ethyl}benzene (1) and its fluoro, chloro, and cyano derivatives, namely, 1fluoro4(4{2[(1s,4r)4pentylcyclohexyl]ethyl}phenyl)benzene (2), 1chloro4(4{2[(1s,4r)4pentylcyclohexyl]ethyl}phenyl)benzene (3), and 4(4{2[(1s,4r)4pentylcyclohexyl]ethyl}phenyl)benzonitrile (4). These molecules belong to the family of nematic liquid crystals with three rings: two benzene and one cyclohexane. Furthermore ...
Substitutional And Interstitial Doping In Laco5 System For The Development Of Hard Magnetic Properties: A First Principles Study, Huseyin Ucar, Renu Choudhary, Durga Paudyal
Substitutional And Interstitial Doping In Laco5 System For The Development Of Hard Magnetic Properties: A First Principles Study, Huseyin Ucar, Renu Choudhary, Durga Paudyal
Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts
We investigate here the changes in the electronic structure at the transition metal sites of the RETM5 structure (RE = Rare Earth, TM = Transition Metal) while doping the interstitial sites with nitrogen. LaCo5 compound is taken as the baseline compound owing to its critically needed intrinsic magnetic properties such as magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy (MAE) of ≈5 meV/fu [1] due to the contributions from the cobalt network. In addition, because of the lack of 4f electrons in lanthanum, complications originating from the treatment of the 4f localized electrons are absent in this compound; making it an ideal reference material to all ...
Density Functional Theory Calculations Of Al Doped Hafnia For Different Crystal Symmetry Configurations, Joshua Steier
Density Functional Theory Calculations Of Al Doped Hafnia For Different Crystal Symmetry Configurations, Joshua Steier
Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)
Dogan et al.[1], investigated the causes of ferroelectricity in doped hafnia using ab initio methods. Similarly, we investigated the stability of Al doped hafnia using quantum mechanical methods.
There are many different phases of Hafnia: monoclinic, tetragonal, cubic and orthorhombic. Starting with the monoclinic phase of Hafnia, Hafnia undergoes phase transitions which result in different space groups. The temperature at which the tetragonal phase is induced is 2000 K and cubic phase is induced at 2900 K[1]. Different dielectric constants vary from phase to phase. The average dielectric constants are highest for the cubic and tetragonal phases. In ...
Development And Assesment Of Local Scaled SelfInteraction Corrected Density Functional Method With Simple Scaling Factor, Selim Romero
Development And Assesment Of Local Scaled SelfInteraction Corrected Density Functional Method With Simple Scaling Factor, Selim Romero
Open Access Theses & Dissertations
The HohenbergKohnSham (HKS) density functional theory (DFT) is widely used to compute electronic structures of atoms, molecules, and solids. It is an exact theory in which ground state electron density plays the role of basic variable, same as the wavefunction does in quantum mechanics. The total ground state energy is a functional of electron density. The practical application of HKS DFT require approximation to the exchangecorrelation energy functional. Many density functional approximations (DFAs) with various degree of sophistication and complexities have been developed. Depending on the complexity, these functionals include electron density, density gradients, density Laplacian, kinetic energy densities, HartreeFock ...
FifthDegree Elastic Potential For Predictive StressStrain Relations And Elastic Instabilities Under Large Strain And Complex Loading In Si, Hao Chen, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Valery I. Levitas, Duane D. Johnson, Xiancheng Zhang
FifthDegree Elastic Potential For Predictive StressStrain Relations And Elastic Instabilities Under Large Strain And Complex Loading In Si, Hao Chen, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Valery I. Levitas, Duane D. Johnson, Xiancheng Zhang
Aerospace Engineering Publications
Materials under complex loading develop large strains and often transition via an elastic instability, as observed in both simple and complex systems. Here, we present Si I under large strain in terms of Lagrangian strain by an 5thorder elastic potential found by minimizing error relative to density functional theory (DFT) results. The Cauchy stressLagrangian strain curves for arbitrary complex loadings are in excellent correspondence with DFT results, including elastic instability driving Si I→II phase transformation (PT) and the shear instabilities. PT conditions for Si I→II under action of cubic axial stresses are linear in Cauchy stresses in agreement ...
Fabricating Fe Nanocrystals Via Encapsulation At The Graphite Surface, Ana LiiRosales, Yong Han, King C. Lai, Dapeng Jing, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel
Fabricating Fe Nanocrystals Via Encapsulation At The Graphite Surface, Ana LiiRosales, Yong Han, King C. Lai, Dapeng Jing, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel
Chemistry Publications
In this paper, the authors describe the conditions under which Fe forms encapsulated nanocrystals beneath the surface of graphite, and they characterize these islands (graphite + Fe) thoroughly. The authors use the experimental techniques of scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) plus xray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and the computational technique of density functional theory (DFT). Necessary conditions for encapsulation are preexisting ioninduced defects in the graphite substrate and elevated deposition temperature of 875–900 K. Evidence of encapsulation consists of atomically resolved STM images of a carbon lattice, both on top of the islands and on the sloping sides. The nature of the ...
Predicting The Mechanical Properties Of Nanocomposites Reinforced With 1D, 2D And 3D Nanomaterials, Scott Edward Muller
Predicting The Mechanical Properties Of Nanocomposites Reinforced With 1D, 2D And 3D Nanomaterials, Scott Edward Muller
Theses and Dissertations
Materials with features at the nanoscale can provide unique mechanical properties and increased functionality when included as part of a nanocomposite. This dissertation utilizes computational methods at multiple scales, including molecular dynamics (MD) and density functional theory (DFT), and the coupled atomistic and discrete dislocation multiscale method (CADD), to predict the mechanical properties of nanocomposites possessing nanomaterials that are either 1D (carbyne chains), 2D (graphene sheets), or 3D (Al/amorphousSi coreshell nanorod).
The MD method is used to model Nigraphene nanocomposites. The strength of a Nigraphene nanocomposite is found to improve by increasing the gap between the graphene sheet and ...
Intersublattice Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy Using A Realistic TightBinding Method Based On Maximally Localized Wannier Functions, Liqin Ke
Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts
Using a realistic tightbinding Hamiltonian based on maximally localized Wannier functions, we investigate the twoion magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy (MAE) in L1_{0} transition metal compounds. MAE contributions from throughout the Brillouin zone are obtained using magnetic force theorem calculations with and without perturbation theory. The results from both methods agree with each other, and both reflect features of the Fermi surface. The intrasublattice and intersublattice contributions to MAE are evaluated using a Green's function method. We find that the sign of the intersublattice contribution varies among compounds, and that its amplitude may be significant, suggesting MAE can not ...
Application Of Global Search Methods To Materials Prediction And Design, Adam J. Payne
Application Of Global Search Methods To Materials Prediction And Design, Adam J. Payne
Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports
Due to increased availability and power of computational resources over the past few decades, prediction and design of novel materials using computational methods has become feasible. Simulation of material systems has become vital to the further realization of novel material systems. In order to ascertain physical properties, accurate determination and identification of stable crystalline structures is necessary. Additionally, further identification of novel properties, such as magnetic moments or orbital occupation, is necessary to further realize this goal. Global search methods provide a path to accurate prediction of these properties. In this dissertation, the Firefly algorithm and minima hopping methods are ...
Full Correlation In A Multiconfigurational Study Of Bimetallic Clusters : Restricted Active Space PairDensity Functional Theory Study Of [2fe2s] Systems, Samuel J. Stoneburner, Davide Presti, Donald G. Truhlar, Laura Gagliardi
Full Correlation In A Multiconfigurational Study Of Bimetallic Clusters : Restricted Active Space PairDensity Functional Theory Study Of [2fe2s] Systems, Samuel J. Stoneburner, Davide Presti, Donald G. Truhlar, Laura Gagliardi
Educator Scholarship
Ironsulfur clusters play a variety of important roles in protein chemistry, and understanding the energetics of their spin ladders is an important part of understanding these roles. Computational modeling can offer considerable insight into such problems; however, calculations performed thus far on systems with multiple transition metals have typically either been restricted to a singleconfiguration representation of the density, as in KohnSham theory, or been limited to correlating excitations only within an active space, as in activespace selfconsistent field methods. For greater reliability, a calculation should include full correlation, i.e., not only correlation internal to the active space but ...
Beyond Density Functional Theory: The Multiconfigurational Approach To Model Heterogeneous Catalysis, Samuel J. Stoneburner, Carlo Alberto Gaggioli, Christopher J. Cramer, Laura Gagliardi
Beyond Density Functional Theory: The Multiconfigurational Approach To Model Heterogeneous Catalysis, Samuel J. Stoneburner, Carlo Alberto Gaggioli, Christopher J. Cramer, Laura Gagliardi
Educator Scholarship
Catalytic processes are crucially important for many practical chemical applications. Heterogeneous catalysts are especially appealing because of their high stability and the relative ease with which they may be recovered and reused. Computational modeling can play an important role in the design of more catalytically active materials through the identification of reaction mechanisms and the opportunity to assess hypothetical catalysts in silico prior to experimental verification. KohnSham density functional theory (KSDFT) is the most used method in computational catalysis because it is affordable and it gives results of reasonable accuracy in many instances. Furthermore, it can be employed in a ...
MassAnalyzed Threshold Ionization Of Lanthanide Imide Lnnh (Ln = La And Ce) Radicals From N–H Bond Activation Of Ammonia, Yuchen Zhang, Silver Nyambo, DongSheng Yang
MassAnalyzed Threshold Ionization Of Lanthanide Imide Lnnh (Ln = La And Ce) Radicals From N–H Bond Activation Of Ammonia, Yuchen Zhang, Silver Nyambo, DongSheng Yang
Chemistry Faculty Publications
Ln (Ln = La and Ce) atom reactions with ammonia are carried out in a pulsed laser vaporization supersonic molecular beam source. Lanthanidecontaining species are observed with timeofflight mass spectrometry, and LnNH molecules are characterized by massanalyzed threshold ionization (MATI) spectroscopy and quantum chemical calculations. The theoretical calculations include density functional theory for both Ln species and a scalar relativity correction, electron correlation, and spinorbit coupling for the Ce species. The MATI spectrum of LaNH exhibits a single vibronic band system with a strong origin band and two weak vibronic progressions, whereas the spectrum of CeNH displays two band systems separated ...
DefectAssisted Tunneling Electroresistance In Ferroelectric Tunnel Junctions, Konstantin Klyukin, L. L. Tao, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Vitaly Alexandrov
DefectAssisted Tunneling Electroresistance In Ferroelectric Tunnel Junctions, Konstantin Klyukin, L. L. Tao, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Vitaly Alexandrov
Evgeny Tsymbal Publications
Recent experimental results have demonstrated ferroelectricity in thin films of SrTiO_{3} induced by antisite Ti_{Sr} defects. This opens a possibility to use SrTiO_{3} as a barrier layer in ferroelectric tunnel junctions (FTJs)—emerging electronic devices promising for applications in nanoelectronics. Here using density functional theory combined with quantumtransport calculations applied to a prototypical Pt/SrTiO_{3}/Pt FTJ, we demonstrate that the localized ingap energy states produced by the antisite Ti_{Sr }defects are responsible for the enhanced electron tunneling conductance which can be controlled by ferroelectric polarization. Our tightbinding modeling, which takes into account multiple defects ...
Effects Of B And C Doping On Tunneling Magnetoresistance In Cofe/Mgo Magnetic Tunnel Junctions, Andy Paul Chen, John D. Burton, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Yuan Ping Feng, Jingsheng Chen
Effects Of B And C Doping On Tunneling Magnetoresistance In Cofe/Mgo Magnetic Tunnel Junctions, Andy Paul Chen, John D. Burton, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Yuan Ping Feng, Jingsheng Chen
Evgeny Tsymbal Publications
Using densityfunctional theory calculations, we investigate the dominant defects formed by boron (B) and carbon (C) impurities in a CoFe/MgO/CoFe magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) and their influence on conductivity and tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR). We find that, in the Opoor conditions relevant to experiment, B forms the substitutional defect B_{Co} and C forms the interstitial site C_{i} at the CoFe/MgO interface. The Cdoped MTJ is predicted to have a significantly higher TMR than the Bdoped MTJ. This is due to interface state densities associated with the majority spin Δ_{1}symmetry bands being more heavily suppressed ...
Dynamic Effects In Electron Momentum Spectroscopy Of Sulfur Hexafluoride, Xing Wang, Shenyue Xu, Chuangang Ning, O. AlHagan, Pengfei Hu, Yongtao Zhao, Zhongfen Xu, Jingkang Deng, Enliang Wang, Xueguang Ren, Alexander Dorn, Don H. Madison
Dynamic Effects In Electron Momentum Spectroscopy Of Sulfur Hexafluoride, Xing Wang, Shenyue Xu, Chuangang Ning, O. AlHagan, Pengfei Hu, Yongtao Zhao, Zhongfen Xu, Jingkang Deng, Enliang Wang, Xueguang Ren, Alexander Dorn, Don H. Madison
Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works
Electron momentum spectroscopy (EMS) results are presented for the sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) molecule using a highresolution binary (e, 2e) spectrometer at incident energies (Ei) of 600, 1200, and 2400 eV plus the binding energy. The valence orbital momentum profiles were measured with a binding energy resolution of 0.68 eV and angular resolutions of Δθ = ±0.6⁰, ΔΦ = ±0.85⁰. Whereas the two higher incident energies are in the range where normally EMS measurements do not exhibit an impactenergy dependence, the current experimental data display a dynamic dependence on the impact energies. The measured momentum profiles are compared with predictions ...
Theoretical Prediction Of Crystallization Kinetics Of A Supercooled LennardJones Fluid, K. G. S. H. Gunawardana, Xueyu Song
Theoretical Prediction Of Crystallization Kinetics Of A Supercooled LennardJones Fluid, K. G. S. H. Gunawardana, Xueyu Song
Chemistry Publications
The first order curvature correction to the crystalliquid interfacial free energy is calculated using a theoretical model based on the interfacial excess thermodynamic properties. The correction parameter (δ), which is analogous to the Tolman length at a liquidvapor interface, is found to be 0.48 ± 0.05 for a LennardJones (LJ) fluid. We show that this curvature correction is crucial in predicting the nucleation barrier when the size of the crystal nucleus is small. The thermodynamic driving force (Δμ) corresponding to available simulated nucleation conditions is also calculated by combining the simulated data with a classical density functional theory ...
The Crystal FacetDependent Electrochemical Performance Of Tio2 Nanocrystals For Heavy Metal Detection: Theoretical Prediction And Experimental Proof, Jianjun Liao, Fan Yang, CaiZhuang Wang, Shiwei Lin
The Crystal FacetDependent Electrochemical Performance Of Tio2 Nanocrystals For Heavy Metal Detection: Theoretical Prediction And Experimental Proof, Jianjun Liao, Fan Yang, CaiZhuang Wang, Shiwei Lin
Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts
Tailored design/fabrication of electroanalytical materials with highlyactive exposed crystal planes is of great importance for the development of electrochemical sensing. In this work, combining experimental and theoretical efforts, we reported a facile strategy to fabricate TiO2 nanocrystals with tunable electrochemical performance for heavy metal detection. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations indicated that TiO2 (001) facet showed relative larger adsorption energy and lower diffusion energy barrier toward heavy metal ions, which is favorable for obtaining better electrochemical stripping behaviors. Based on this prediction, a series of TiO2 nanocrystals with different ratios of exposed (001) and (101) facets were synthesized. Electrochemical ...
Dissipation Effects In Schrödinger And Quantal Density Functional Theories Of Electrons In An Electromagnetic Field, XiaoYin Pan, Viraht Sahni
Dissipation Effects In Schrödinger And Quantal Density Functional Theories Of Electrons In An Electromagnetic Field, XiaoYin Pan, Viraht Sahni
Publications and Research
Dissipative effects arise in an electronic system when it interacts with a timedependent environment. Here, the Schrödinger theory of electrons in an electromagnetic field including dissipative effects is described from a new perspective. Dissipation is accounted for via the effective Hamiltonian approach in which the electron mass is timedependent. The perspective is that of the individual electron: the corresponding equation of motion for the electron or timedependent differential virial theorem—the ‘Quantal Newtonian’ second law—is derived. According to the law, each electron experiences an external field comprised of a binding electric field, the Lorentz field, and the electromagnetic field ...
Deformation, Lattice Instability, And Metallization During SolidSolid Structural Transformations Under General Applied Stress Tensor: Example Of Si I > Si Ii, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Hao Chen, Valery I. Levitas, Duane D. Johnson
Deformation, Lattice Instability, And Metallization During SolidSolid Structural Transformations Under General Applied Stress Tensor: Example Of Si I > Si Ii, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Hao Chen, Valery I. Levitas, Duane D. Johnson
Materials Science and Engineering Publications
Density functional theory (DFT) was employed to study the stressstrain behavior, elastic instabilities, and metallization during a solidsolid phase transformation (PT) between semiconducting Si I (cubic A4) and metallic Si II (tetragonal A5 structure) when subjected to a general stress tensor. With normal stresses (σ1, σ2, σ3) acting along ⟨110⟩, ⟨11¯0⟩, and ⟨001⟩, respectively, dictating the simulation cell, we determine combinations of 6 independent stresses that drive a lattice instability for the Si I→Si II PT, and a semiconductormetal electronic transition. Metallization precedes the structural PT, hence, a stressed Si I can be a metal. Surprisingly, a stressfree ...
McPdft Can Calculate SingletTriplet Splittings Of Organic Diradicals., Samuel J. Stoneburner, Donald G. Truhlar, Laura Gagliardi
McPdft Can Calculate SingletTriplet Splittings Of Organic Diradicals., Samuel J. Stoneburner, Donald G. Truhlar, Laura Gagliardi
Educator Scholarship
The singlettriplet splittings of a set of diradical organic molecules are calculated using multiconfiguration pairdensity functional theory (MCPDFT) and the results are compared with those obtained by KohnSham density functional theory (KSDFT) and complete active space secondorder perturbation theory (CASPT2) calculations. We found that MCPDFT, even with small and systematically defined active spaces, is competitive in accuracy with CASPT2, and it yields results with greater accuracy and precision than KohnSham DFT with the same parent functional. MCPDFT also avoids the challenges associated with spin contamination in KSDFT. It is also shown that MCPDFT is much less computationally expensive than CASPT2 ...
Synergistic Interactions Of H_{2} And N_{2} With Molten Gallium In The Presence Of Plasma, Maria L. Carreon, Daniel F. JaramilloCabanzo, Indira Chaudhuri, Madhu Menon, Mahendra K. Sunkara
Synergistic Interactions Of H2 And N2 With Molten Gallium In The Presence Of Plasma, Maria L. Carreon, Daniel F. JaramilloCabanzo, Indira Chaudhuri, Madhu Menon, Mahendra K. Sunkara
Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications
The present study examines the interaction of hydrogen and nitrogen plasmas with gallium in an effort to gain insights into the mechanisms behind the synergetic effect of plasma and a catalytic metal. Absorption/desorption experiments were performed, accompanied by theoreticalcomputational calculations. Experiments were carried out in a plasmaenhanced, Gapacked, batch reactor and entailed monitoring the change in pressure at different temperatures. The results indicated a rapid adsorption/dissolution of the gas into the molten metal when gallium was exposed to plasma, even at a low temperature of 100 °C. The experimental observations, when hydrogen was used, indicate that gallium acts ...
Investigating The Properties Of Superfluid He4 Through Density Functional Calculations, Matthew Francis Dutra
Investigating The Properties Of Superfluid He4 Through Density Functional Calculations, Matthew Francis Dutra
Doctoral Dissertations
We present a study of isotopically pure He4 systems evaluated using helium density functional theory (HeDFT) with the intent of better understanding their ground state structural and energetic properties, particularly within the scope of singularlydoped helium droplets. We selfconsistently solve for the density profiles and chemical potentials for a wide range of pure helium droplet sizes (up to 9500 atoms) via an imaginary time propagation method, and fit the resultant energetic data to a power law formula to be able to extrapolate values for even larger droplets. Subsequent calculations on singularlydoped droplets within the same size range yield accurate binding ...
The Effect Of Pressure And Interstitial Substitution On The Electronic Properties Of Molybdenum Disulfide Mos2, Wadha Khalifa Salem Rashed Alfalasi
The Effect Of Pressure And Interstitial Substitution On The Electronic Properties Of Molybdenum Disulfide Mos2, Wadha Khalifa Salem Rashed Alfalasi
Physics Theses
Molybdenum disulfide has some of graphene’s properties but has an edge over graphene as this new 2D nanomaterial has a band gap in its electronic structure, which is absent in graphene. The purpose of this thesis is to study the electronic properties of the promising Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) material in its bulk and monolayer forms by undertaking a systematic theoretical approach. We will mainly study the band gap, the density of states and the electronic charge distribution, which is considered as the most important electronic characteristics of semiconductors.
In this study, the density functional theory (DFT) – implemented in WIEN2k ...
Oscillatory Electrostatic Potential On Graphene Induced By Group Iv Element Decoration, Chunyan Du, Liwei Yu, Xiaojie Liu, Lili Liu, CaiZhuang Wang
Oscillatory Electrostatic Potential On Graphene Induced By Group Iv Element Decoration, Chunyan Du, Liwei Yu, Xiaojie Liu, Lili Liu, CaiZhuang Wang
Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts
The structures and electronic properties of partial C, Si and Ge decorated graphene were investigated by firstprinciples calculations. The calculations show that the interaction between graphene and the decoration patches is weak and the semiconductor patches act as agents for weak electron doping without much disturbing graphene electronic πbands. Redistribution of electrons due to the partial decoration causes the electrostatic potential lower in the decorated graphene areas, thus induced an electric field across the boundary between the decorated and nondecorated domains. Such an alternating electric field can change normal stochastic adatom diffusion to biased diffusion, leading to selective mass transport.
Growth And Characterization Of Baznga, Na Hyun Jo, Qisheng Lin, Udhara S. Kaluarachchi, William R. Meier, Soham Manni, Savannah S. Downing, Anna E. Böhmer, Tai Kong, Yang Sun, Valentin Taufour, CaiZhuang Wang, KaiMing Ho, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield
Growth And Characterization Of Baznga, Na Hyun Jo, Qisheng Lin, Udhara S. Kaluarachchi, William R. Meier, Soham Manni, Savannah S. Downing, Anna E. Böhmer, Tai Kong, Yang Sun, Valentin Taufour, CaiZhuang Wang, KaiMing Ho, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield
Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts
We report the growth, structure and characterization of BaZnGa, identifying it as the sole known ternary compound in the Ba–Zn–Ga system. Single crystals of BaZnGa can be grown out of excess Ba–Zn and adopt a tI36 structure type. There are three unique Ba sites and three M = Zn/Ga sites. Using DFT calculations we can argue that whereas one of these three M sites is probably solely occupied by Ga, the other two M sites, most likely, have mixed Zn/Ga occupancy. Temperaturedependent resistivity and magnetization measurements suggest that BaZnGa is a poor metal with no electronic ...
Adsorption Of Dysprosium On The Graphite (0001) Surface: Nucleation And Growth At 300 K, Emma J. Kwolek, Huaping Lei, Ann LiiRosales, Mark Wallingford, Yinghui Zhou, CaiZhuang Wang, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans
Adsorption Of Dysprosium On The Graphite (0001) Surface: Nucleation And Growth At 300 K, Emma J. Kwolek, Huaping Lei, Ann LiiRosales, Mark Wallingford, Yinghui Zhou, CaiZhuang Wang, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans
Physics and Astronomy Publications
We have studied nucleation and growth of Dy islands on the basal plane of graphite at 300 K using scanning tunneling microscopy, density functional theory (DFT) in a form that includes van der Waals interactions, and analytic theory. The interaction of atomic Dy with graphite is strong, while the diffusion barrier is small. Experiment shows that at 300 K, the density of nucleated islands is close to the value predicted for homogeneous nucleation, using critical nucleus size of 1 and the DFTderived diffusion barrier. Homogeneous nucleation is also supported by the monomodal shape of the island size distributions. Comparison with ...
Comparison Of SAdsorption On (111) And (100) Facets Of Cu Nanoclusters, Jeffrey S. Boschen, Jiyoung Lee, Theresa L. Windus, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel, DaJiang Liu
Comparison Of SAdsorption On (111) And (100) Facets Of Cu Nanoclusters, Jeffrey S. Boschen, Jiyoung Lee, Theresa L. Windus, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel, DaJiang Liu
Physics and Astronomy Publications
In order to gain insight into the nature of chemical bonding of sulfur atoms on coinage metal surfaces, we compare the adsorption energy and structural parameters for sulfur at fourfold hollow (4fh) sites on (100) facets and at threefold hollow (3fh) sites on (111) facets of Cu nanoclusters. Consistent results are obtained from localized atomic orbital and planewave based density functional theory using the same functionals. PBE and its hybrid counterpart (PBE0 or HSE06) also give similar results. 4fh sites are preferred over 3fh sites with stronger bonding by ∼0.6 eV for nanocluster sizes above ∼280 atoms. However, for ...
Fractional Charge Methods For Correcting Approximate KohnSham Potentials, Darya N. Komsa
Fractional Charge Methods For Correcting Approximate KohnSham Potentials, Darya N. Komsa
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
The KohnSham density functional theory relies on approximating the exchangecorrelation energy functional or the corresponding potential. The behavior of the exchangecorrelation potential as a function of position in a system can be used to detect and correct deficiencies of the parent functional. The toofast decay of the potentials derived from common density functionals is a major problem, because it causes inaccurate Rydberg excitation energies and erroneous fractional charges in dissociating molecules. An efficient method to correct the shape of the exchangecorrelation potential was proposed by Gaiduk et al. [A. P. Gaiduk, D. S. Firaha, and V. N. Staroverov, Phys. Rev ...
First Principles Investigations Of Single Dopants In Diamond And Silicon Carbide, Wenhao Hu
First Principles Investigations Of Single Dopants In Diamond And Silicon Carbide, Wenhao Hu
Theses and Dissertations
In the most recent two decades, the development of impurity controls with ultrahigh precision in semiconductors motivates people to put more and more attentions on the solotronic devices, whose properties depend on one or a few dopants. One of the most promising applications of solotronic device is the qubit in quantum computing. In the procedure of exploring qubit candidates, the most straightforward challenges we need face include that the qubit must be highly isolated and can be initialized/manipulated efficiently with high fidelities. It has been proved that qubits based on single defects have excellent performances as quits. For instance ...
Defect Driven Magnetism In Doped Sno_{2} Nanoparticles: Surface Effects, Pushpa Raghani, Pankaj Kumar, Balaji Ramanujam, Alex Punnoose
Defect Driven Magnetism In Doped Sno2 Nanoparticles: Surface Effects, Pushpa Raghani, Pankaj Kumar, Balaji Ramanujam, Alex Punnoose
Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations
Magnetism and energetics of intrinsic and extrinsic defects and defect clusters in bulk and surfaces of SnO_{2} is investigated using firstprinciples to understand the role of surfaces in inducing magnetism in Zn doped nanoparticles. We find that Sn vacancies induce the largest magnetic moment in bulk and on surfaces. However, they have very large formation energies in bulk as well as on surfaces. Oxygen vacancies on the other hand are much easier to create than V_{Sn}, but neutral and V_{O}^{+2} vacancies do not induce any magnetism in bulk as well as on surfaces. V_{O}^{+1 ...}