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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Nonlinear Optical Studies Of Bulk And Thin Film Complex Materials, Joel E. Taylor May 2019

Nonlinear Optical Studies Of Bulk And Thin Film Complex Materials, Joel E. Taylor

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Nonlinear optical studies of bulk and thin film materials provide a vast playground for physical and dynamical characterization. In this thesis, we have implemented experimental methods to probe novel phase transitions in single crystals using rotational anisotropic second harmonic generation (RASHG) and carrier dynamics in thin films with time-resolved pump-probe reflectivity. Furthermore, a novel low temperature ultra-high vacuum system coupled to nonlinear optics has been developed to extend lab capabilities. Doping (Bi1-xSbx)2Se3 with antimony, the surface electronic reconstruction near x=80% was identified with RASHG by deviations in the six-fold and three-fold polarization anisotropic ...


Modelling Potential Fluctuations In Double Layer Graphene Systems As A Periodic Oscillation In Electron Density & Its Effect On Coulomb Drag, Ryan Bogucki Jan 2019

Modelling Potential Fluctuations In Double Layer Graphene Systems As A Periodic Oscillation In Electron Density & Its Effect On Coulomb Drag, Ryan Bogucki

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

An expression for the drag transresistivity in a graphene double layer system exhibiting potential fluctuations modelled as a periodic oscillation in electron density is derived. Our model starts from the Coulombic interaction and we derive the correlation between a sinusoidal fluctuation in electron density in the first layer and the induced electron density in the second layer. Previous models in the literature have employed an arbitrary correlation between each layer’s electron density, and the model presented is the first attempt in the literature to explicitly derive this correlation. Recent experiments have found that the drag transresistivity in graphene double ...


Universality Class Of Explosive Percolation In Barabási-Albert Networks, Habib E. Islam, M. K. Hassan Jan 2019

Universality Class Of Explosive Percolation In Barabási-Albert Networks, Habib E. Islam, M. K. Hassan

Physics Faculty Publications

In this work, we study explosive percolation (EP) in Barabási-Albert (BA) network, in which nodes are born with degree k = m, for both product rule (PR) and sum rule (SR) of the Achlioptas process. For m = 1 we find that the critical point tc = 1 which is the maximum possible value of the relative link density t; Hence we cannot have access to the other phase like percolation in one dimension. However, for m > 1 we find that tc decreases with increasing m and the critical exponents ν, α, β and γ for m > 1 are found to ...


Granular Convection And Crystallization Of A Two-Dimensional Granular Medium, Donley S. Cormode Jun 2018

Granular Convection And Crystallization Of A Two-Dimensional Granular Medium, Donley S. Cormode

Honors Projects

Granular media are everywhere from beaches to factories to your kitchen cabinets. There are a rich array of phenomena to study with granular media. These include granular convection, jamming, and crystallization. The systems tend to be macroscopic, so it is easy to collect data. The supplies are low-cost and easy to obtain. Studying granular media gives researchers the opportunity to explore foundational ideas in fields such as crystallography and condensed matter. This paper describes a simple, low cost apparatus used to study a vertically shaken two-dimensional granular medium of glass beads. This paper will also describe a few preliminary studies ...


Effect Of Interstitial Fluid On The Fraction Of Flow Microstates That Precede Clogging In Granular Hoppers, Juha Koivisto, Douglas J. Durian Mar 2017

Effect Of Interstitial Fluid On The Fraction Of Flow Microstates That Precede Clogging In Granular Hoppers, Juha Koivisto, Douglas J. Durian

Department of Physics Papers

We report on the nature of flow events for the gravity-driven discharge of glass beads through a hole that is small enough that the hopper is susceptible to clogging. In particular, we measure the average and standard deviation of the distribution of discharged masses as a function of both hole and grain sizes. We do so in air, which is usual, but also with the system entirely submerged under water. This damps the grain dynamics and could be expected to dramatically affect the distribution of the flow events, which are described in prior work as avalanche-like. Though the flow is ...


Discrimination Between Spin-Dependent Charge Transport And Spin-Dependent Recombination In Π-Conjugated Polymers By Correlated Current And Electroluminescence-Detected Magnetic Resonance, Marzieh Kavand, Douglas Baird, Kipp Van Schooten, Hans Malissa Aug 2016

Discrimination Between Spin-Dependent Charge Transport And Spin-Dependent Recombination In Π-Conjugated Polymers By Correlated Current And Electroluminescence-Detected Magnetic Resonance, Marzieh Kavand, Douglas Baird, Kipp Van Schooten, Hans Malissa

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Spin-dependent processes play a crucial role in organic electronic devices. Spin coherence can give rise to spin mixing due to a number of processes such as hyperfine coupling, and leads to a range of magnetic field effects. However, it is not straightforward to differentiate between pure single-carrier spin-dependent transport processes which control the current and therefore the electroluminescence, and spin-dependent electron-hole recombination which determines the electroluminescence yield and in turn modulates the current. We therefore investigate the correlation between the dynamics of spin-dependent electric current and spin-dependent electroluminescence in two derivatives of the conjugated polymer poly(phenylene-vinylene) using simultaneously measured ...


Exact Solution Of Quadratic Fermionic Hamiltonians For Arbitrary Boundary Conditions, Abhijeet Alase, Emilio Cobanera, Gerardo Ortiz, Lorenza Viola Aug 2016

Exact Solution Of Quadratic Fermionic Hamiltonians For Arbitrary Boundary Conditions, Abhijeet Alase, Emilio Cobanera, Gerardo Ortiz, Lorenza Viola

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We present a procedure for exactly diagonalizing finite-range quadratic fermionic Hamiltonians with arbitrary boundary conditions in one of D dimensions, and periodic in the remaining D−1. The key is a Hamiltonian-dependent separation of the bulk from the boundary. By combining information from the two, we identify a matrix function that fully characterizes the solutions, and may be used to construct an efficiently computable indicator of bulk-boundary correspondence. As an illustration, we show how our approach correctly describes the zero-energy Majorana modes of a time-reversal-invariant s-wave two-band superconductor in a Josephson ring configuration, and predicts that a fractional 4π-periodic Josephson ...


Divergence Of Voronoi Cell Anisotropy Vector: A Threshold-Free Characterization Of Local Structure In Amorphous Materials, Jennifer M. Rieser, Carl P. Goodrich, Andrea J. Liu, Douglas J. Durian Feb 2016

Divergence Of Voronoi Cell Anisotropy Vector: A Threshold-Free Characterization Of Local Structure In Amorphous Materials, Jennifer M. Rieser, Carl P. Goodrich, Andrea J. Liu, Douglas J. Durian

Department of Physics Papers

Characterizing structural inhomogeneity is an essential step in understanding the mechanical response of amorphous materials. We introduce a threshold-free measure based on the field of vectors pointing from the center of each particle to the centroid of the Voronoi cell in which the particle resides. These vectors tend to point in toward regions of high free volume and away from regions of low free volume, reminiscent of sinks and sources in a vector field. We compute the local divergence of these vectors, where positive values correspond to overpacked regions and negative values identify underpacked regions within the material. Distributions of ...


Identification Of Photocurrents In Topological Insulators, Derek A. Bas, Rodrigo A. Muniz, Sercan Babakiray, David Lederman, J. E. Sipe, Alan D. Bristow Jan 2016

Identification Of Photocurrents In Topological Insulators, Derek A. Bas, Rodrigo A. Muniz, Sercan Babakiray, David Lederman, J. E. Sipe, Alan D. Bristow

Faculty Scholarship

Optical injection and detection of charge currents is an alternative to conventional transport and photoemission measurements, avoiding the necessity of invasive contact that may disturb the system being examined. This is a particular concern for analyzing the surface states of topological insulators. In this work one- and two-color sources of photocurrents are isolated and examined in epitaxial thin films of Bi2Se3. We demonstrate that optical excitation and terahertz detection simultaneously captures one- and two-color photocurrent contributions, which has not been required for other material systems. A method is devised to extract the two components, and in doing so each can ...


Monte Carlo Studies Of Underconstrained Magnetism In Ultracold Fermionic Alkaline Earth Atomic Gases, Pavao Santak Jan 2016

Monte Carlo Studies Of Underconstrained Magnetism In Ultracold Fermionic Alkaline Earth Atomic Gases, Pavao Santak

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Physicists have been trying to create artificial magnetic systems using ultra-cold atomic gases as their simulators. However, behavior of many ultra-cold atomic systems is not very well understood yet. Ultra-cold fermionic alkaline earth atomic (AEA) gases are one of those systems. In this thesis, we study the effects of thermal fluctuations on the overall macroscopic behavior of ultra-cold fermionic AEA gases using a particular semiclassical model. We study the AEA systems on a square lattice with periodic boundary conditions. To investigate the behavior of AEA systems under the effects of thermal fluctuations, we analyze several different types of correlation functions ...


Effective Microscopic Models For Sympathetic Cooling Of Atomic Gases, Roberto Onofrio, Bala Sundaram Sep 2015

Effective Microscopic Models For Sympathetic Cooling Of Atomic Gases, Roberto Onofrio, Bala Sundaram

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Thermalization of a system in the presence of a heat bath has been the subject of many theoretical investigations especially in the framework of solid-state physics. In this setting, the presence of a large bandwidth for the frequency distribution of the harmonic oscillators schematizing the heat bath is crucial, as emphasized in the Caldeira-Leggett model. By contrast, ultracold gases in atomic traps oscillate at well-defined frequencies and therefore seem to lie outside the Caldeira-Leggett paradigm. We introduce interaction Hamiltonians which allow us to adapt the model to an atomic physics framework. The intrinsic nonlinearity of these models differentiates them from ...


Engineering The Ground State Of Complex Oxides, Derek Joseph Meyers Jul 2015

Engineering The Ground State Of Complex Oxides, Derek Joseph Meyers

Theses and Dissertations

Transition metal oxides featuring strong electron-electron interactions have been at the forefront of condensed matter physics research in the past few decades due to the myriad of novel and exciting phases derived from their competing interactions. Beyond their numerous intriguing properties displayed in the bulk they have also shown to be quite susceptible to externally applied perturbation in various forms. The dominant theme of this work is the exploration of three emerging methods for engineering the ground states of these materials to access both their applicability and their deficiencies.

The first of the three methods involves a relatively new set ...


Dynamical Generation Of Floquet Majorana Flat Bands In S-Wave Superconductors, A. Poudel, G. Ortiz, L. Viola Apr 2015

Dynamical Generation Of Floquet Majorana Flat Bands In S-Wave Superconductors, A. Poudel, G. Ortiz, L. Viola

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We present quantum control techniques to engineer flat bands of symmetry-protected Majorana edge modes in s -wave superconductors. Specifically, we show how periodic control may be employed for designing time-independent effective Hamiltonians, which support Floquet Majorana flat bands, starting from equilibrium conditions that are either topologically trivial or only support individual Majorana pairs. In the first approach, a suitable modulation of the chemical potential simultaneously induces Majorana flat bands and dynamically activates a pre-existing chiral symmetry which is responsible for their protection. In the second approach, the application of effective parity kicks dynamically generates a desired chiral symmetry by suppressing ...


Below Gap Optical Absorption In Gaas Driven By Intense, Single-Cycle Coherent Transition Radiation, J. Goodfellow, Matthias Fuchs, D. Daranciang, S. Ghimire, F. Chen, H. Loos, D. A. Reis, A. S. Fisher, A. M. Lindenberg Jul 2014

Below Gap Optical Absorption In Gaas Driven By Intense, Single-Cycle Coherent Transition Radiation, J. Goodfellow, Matthias Fuchs, D. Daranciang, S. Ghimire, F. Chen, H. Loos, D. A. Reis, A. S. Fisher, A. M. Lindenberg

Matthias Fuchs Publications

Single-cycle terahertz fields generated by coherent transition radiation from a relativistic electron beam are used to study the high field optical response of single crystal GaAs. Large amplitude changes in the sub-band-gap optical absorption are induced and probed dynamically by measuring the absorption of a broad-band optical beam generated by transition radiation from the same electron bunch, providing an absolutely synchronized pump and probe geometry. This modification of the optical properties is consistent with strong-field-induced electroabsorption. These processes are pertinent to a wide range of nonlinear terahertz-driven lightmatter interactions anticipated at accelerator-based sources.


The Jahn–Teller Effect And Electron–Phonon Interaction In La0.25ca0.75mn1−Xcrxo3, H. Zhou, G. Li, H. Chen, R. Zheng, Xiaojuan Fan, X. Li Jun 2014

The Jahn–Teller Effect And Electron–Phonon Interaction In La0.25ca0.75mn1−Xcrxo3, H. Zhou, G. Li, H. Chen, R. Zheng, Xiaojuan Fan, X. Li

Xiaojuan Fan

The ultrasonic (longitudinal and transverse) velocities and the transport and magnetic properties of polycrystalline La0.25Ca0.75Mn1-xCrxO3 (x = 0, 0.03, 0.05, and 0.07) have been studied systematically. It was found that with increasing Cr content, the resistivity increases, the charge-ordering transition temperature TCO shifts to low temperature, and the magnetic moment of the system is strengthened. From the temperature dependence of the ultrasonic velocities, one can establish that the Jahn-Teller energy and phonon exchange constant decrease with increasing Cr content.


Majorana Flat Bands In S -Wave Gapless Topological Superconductors, Shusa Deng, Gerardo Ortiz, Amrit Poudel, Lorenza Viola Apr 2014

Majorana Flat Bands In S -Wave Gapless Topological Superconductors, Shusa Deng, Gerardo Ortiz, Amrit Poudel, Lorenza Viola

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We demonstrate how the nontrivial interplay between spin-orbit coupling and nodeless s-wave superconductivity can drive a fully gapped two-band topological insulator into a time-reversal invariant gapless topological superconductor supporting symmetry-protected Majorana flat bands. We characterize topological phase diagrams by a Z2×Z2 partial Berry-phase invariant, and show that, despite the trivial crystal geometry, no unique bulk-boundary correspondence exists. We trace this behavior to the anisotropic quasiparticle bulk gap closing, linear vs quadratic, and argue that this provides a unifying principle for gapless topological superconductivity. Experimental implications for tunneling conductance measurements are addressed, relevant for lead chalcogenide materials.


Superlattice Ultrasonic Generation, Thomas E. Wilson, M. Oehme, E. Kasper, H-J. L. Gossmann Feb 2014

Superlattice Ultrasonic Generation, Thomas E. Wilson, M. Oehme, E. Kasper, H-J. L. Gossmann

Thomas E. Wilson

We report the first experimental evidence for the resonant excitation of coherent high-frequency acoustic phonons in semiconducting doping superstructures by far-infrared laser radiation. After a grating-coupled delta-doped silicon doping superlattice is illuminated with ~1 kW/mm2 nanosecond-pulsed 246 GHz laser radiation, a delayed nanosecond pulse is detected by a superconducting bolometer at a time corresponding to the appropriate time-of-flight for ballistic longitudinal acoustic phonons across the (100) silicon substrate. The absorbed phonon power density in the microbolometer is observed to be ~10 μW/mm2, in agreement with theory. The phonon pulse duration also matches the laser pulse duration. The absence ...


Universal Quantum Fluctuations Of A Cavity Mode Driven By A Josephson Junction, A. D. Armour, M. P. Blencowe, E. Brahimi, A. J. Rimberg Dec 2013

Universal Quantum Fluctuations Of A Cavity Mode Driven By A Josephson Junction, A. D. Armour, M. P. Blencowe, E. Brahimi, A. J. Rimberg

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We analyze the quantum dynamics of a superconducting cavity coupled to a voltage-biased Josephson junction. The cavity is strongly excited at resonances where the voltage energy lost by a Cooper pair traversing the circuit is a multiple of the cavity photon energy. We find that the resonances are accompanied by substantial squeezing of the quantum fluctuations of the cavity over a broad range of parameters and are able to identify regimes where the fluctuations in the system take on universal values.


Multiband S -Wave Topological Superconductors: Role Of Dimensionality And Magnetic Field Response, Shusa Deng, Gerardo Ortiz, Lorenza Viola May 2013

Multiband S -Wave Topological Superconductors: Role Of Dimensionality And Magnetic Field Response, Shusa Deng, Gerardo Ortiz, Lorenza Viola

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We further investigate a class of time-reversal-invariant two-band s-wave topological superconductors introduced earlier [Deng, Viola, and Ortiz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 036803 (2012)]. Provided that a sign reversal between the two superconducting pairing gaps is realized, the topological phase diagram can be determined exactly (within mean field) in one and two dimensions as well as in three dimensions upon restricting to the excitation spectrum of time-reversal-invariant momentum modes. We show how, in the presence of time-reversal symmetry, Z2 invariants that distinguish between trivial and nontrivial quantum phases can be constructed by considering only one of the Kramers’ sectors in which ...


Vortex Physics In Confined Geometries, M. Cristina Marchetti, David R. Nelson Apr 2013

Vortex Physics In Confined Geometries, M. Cristina Marchetti, David R. Nelson

David R. Nelson

Patterned irradiation of cuprate superconductors with columnar defects allows a new generation of experiments which can probe the properties of vortex liquids by forcing them to flow in confined geometries. Such experiments can be used to distinguish experimentally between continuous disorder-driven glass transitions of vortex matter, such as the vortex glass or the Bose glass transition, and nonequilibrium polymer-like glass transitions driven by interaction and entanglement. For continuous glass transitions, an analysis of such experiments that combines an inhomogeneous scaling theory with the hydrodynamic description of viscous flow of vortex liquids can be used to infer the critical behavior. After ...


Origin Of The Low Frequency Radiation Emitted By Radiative Polaritons Excited By Infrared Radiation In Planar La2o3 Films, Anita J. Vincent-Johnson, Yosep Schwab, Harkirat S. Mann, Mathieu Francoeur, James S. Hammonds Jr., Giovanna Scarel Jan 2013

Origin Of The Low Frequency Radiation Emitted By Radiative Polaritons Excited By Infrared Radiation In Planar La2o3 Films, Anita J. Vincent-Johnson, Yosep Schwab, Harkirat S. Mann, Mathieu Francoeur, James S. Hammonds Jr., Giovanna Scarel

Department of Physics and Astronomy - Faculty Scholarship

Upon excitation in thin oxide films by infrared radiation, radiative polaritons are formed with complex angular frequency ω, according to the theory of Kliewer and Fuchs (1966 Phys. Rev. 150 573). We show that radiative polaritons leak radiation with frequency ωi to the space surrounding the oxide film. The frequency ωi is the imaginary part of ω. The effects of the presence of the radiation leaked out at frequency ωi are observed experimentally and numerically in the infrared spectra of La2O3 films on silicon upon excitation by infrared radiation of the 0TH type radiative polariton. The frequency ωi is found ...


Theoretical Studies Of Structural And Electronic Properties In Transition Metal Oxides, Tsezar F. Seman Dec 2012

Theoretical Studies Of Structural And Electronic Properties In Transition Metal Oxides, Tsezar F. Seman

Dissertations

The following studies are presented: theory of K-edge resonant inelastic x-ray scattering and its application for La0.5Sr1.5MnO4, effects of rare earth ion size on the stability of the coherent Jahn-Teller distortions in undoped perovskite manganites, and symmetry-mode-based classical and quantum mechanical formalism of lattice dynamics.

The formula based on tight-binding approach for the calculation of K-edge resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) spectrum for transition metal oxides is presented first, by extending the previous existing result to include explicit momentum dependence and a basis with multiple core-hole sites. This formula is applied to layered ...


Structure And Dynamics Of High Temperature Superconductors, Jennifer Lynn Niedziela Dec 2012

Structure And Dynamics Of High Temperature Superconductors, Jennifer Lynn Niedziela

Doctoral Dissertations

High temperature superconductivity in iron based compounds has presented a series of complex problems to condensed matter physics since being discovered in 2008. The stalwart basis of condensed matter physics is the “strength in numbers" aspect of crystalline periodicity. Perfect crystalline periodicity has made possible the reduction of the questions of structural and electronic properties to single dimensions, increasing the tractability of these problems. Nevertheless, modern complex materials stretch these assumptions to their limits, and it is at this point where our work starts. Using neutron and x-ray scattering, we have conducted a series of studies on the structural disorder ...


Nanomechanical Resonator Coupled Linearly Via Its Momentum To A Quantum Point Contact, Latchezar L. Benatov, Miles P. Blencowe Aug 2012

Nanomechanical Resonator Coupled Linearly Via Its Momentum To A Quantum Point Contact, Latchezar L. Benatov, Miles P. Blencowe

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We use a Born-Markov approximated master equation approach to study the symmetrized-in-frequency current noise spectrum and the oscillator steady state of a nanoelectromechanical system where a nanoscale resonator is coupled linearly via its momentum to a quantum point contact (QPC). Our current noise spectra exhibit clear signatures of the quantum correlations between the QPC current and the back-action force on the oscillator at a value of the relative tunneling phase (η=−π/2) where such correlations are expected to be maximized. We also show that the steady state of the oscillator obeys a classical Fokker-Planck equation, but can experience thermomechanical ...


Information Content Of Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking, Marcelo Gleiser, Nikitas Stamatopoulos Aug 2012

Information Content Of Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking, Marcelo Gleiser, Nikitas Stamatopoulos

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We propose a measure of order in the context of nonequilibrium field theory and argue that this measure, which we call relative configurational entropy (RCE), may be used to quantify the emergence of coherent low-entropy configurations, such as time-dependent or time-independent topological and nontopological spatially extended structures. As an illustration, we investigate the nonequilibrium dynamics of spontaneous symmetry breaking in three spatial dimensions. In particular, we focus on a model where a real scalar field, prepared initially in a symmetric thermal state, is quenched to a broken-symmetric state. For a certain range of initial temperatures, spatially localized, long-lived structures known ...


Direct Observation Of Localization Of The Minority-Spin-Band Electrons In Magnetite Below The Verwey Temperature, Hisao Kobayashi, Toshihiro Nagao, Masayoshi Itou, Sakae Todo, Bernardo Barbiellini, Peter E. Mijnarends, Arun Bansil, Nobuhiko Sakai Apr 2012

Direct Observation Of Localization Of The Minority-Spin-Band Electrons In Magnetite Below The Verwey Temperature, Hisao Kobayashi, Toshihiro Nagao, Masayoshi Itou, Sakae Todo, Bernardo Barbiellini, Peter E. Mijnarends, Arun Bansil, Nobuhiko Sakai

Bernardo Barbiellini

Two-dimensional spin-uncompensated momentum density distributions, $\rho_{\rm s}^{2D}({\bf p})$s, were reconstructed in magnetite at 12K and 300K from several measured directional magnetic Compton profiles. Mechanical de-twinning was used to overcome severe twinning in the single crystal sample below the Verwey transition. The reconstructed $\rho_{\rm s}^{2D}({\bf p})$ in the first Brillouin zone changes from being negative at 300 K to positive at 12 K. This result provides the first clear evidence that electrons with low momenta in the minority spin bands in magnetite are localized below the Verwey transition temperature.


Topics In Electronic Structure And Spectroscopy Of Cuprates, Hsin Lin Apr 2012

Topics In Electronic Structure And Spectroscopy Of Cuprates, Hsin Lin

Hsin Lin

I have applied first-principles calculations to investigate several interrelated problems concerned with the electronic structure and spectroscopy of cuprates. The specific topics addressed in this thesis are as follows. 1. By properly including doping effects beyond rigid band filling, a longstanding problem of the missing Bi-O pocket in the electronic structure of Bi$_2$Sr$_2$CaCu$_2$O$_{8}$ (Bi2212) is solved. The doping effect is explained in terms of Coulombic effect between layers and is a generic property of all cuprates. 2. A systematic study for Pb/O and rare-earth doping in Bi2212 is carried out to ...


Majorana Modes In Time-Reversal Invariant S -Wave Topological Superconductors, Shusa Deng, Lorenza Viola, Gerardo Ortiz Jan 2012

Majorana Modes In Time-Reversal Invariant S -Wave Topological Superconductors, Shusa Deng, Lorenza Viola, Gerardo Ortiz

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We present a time-reversal invariant s-wave superconductor supporting Majorana edge modes. The multiband character of the model together with spin-orbit coupling are key to realizing such a topological superconductor. We characterize the topological phase diagram by using a partial Chern number sum, and show that the latter is physically related to the parity of the fermion number of the time-reversal invariant modes. By taking the self-consistency constraint on the s-wave pairing gap into account, we also establish the possibility of a direct topological superconductor-to-topological insulator quantum phase transition.


Experimental Characterization Of Coherent Magnetization Transport In A One-Dimensional Spin System, Chandrasekhar Ramanathan, Paola Cappellaro, Lorenza Viola, David G. Cory Oct 2011

Experimental Characterization Of Coherent Magnetization Transport In A One-Dimensional Spin System, Chandrasekhar Ramanathan, Paola Cappellaro, Lorenza Viola, David G. Cory

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We experimentally characterize the non-equilibrium, room-temperature magnetization dynamics of a spin chain evolving under an effective double-quantum (DQ) Hamiltonian. We show that the Liouville space operators corresponding to the magnetization and the two-spin correlations evolve 90 degrees out of phase with each other, and drive the transport dynamics. For a nearest-neighbor-coupled N-spin chain, the dynamics are found to be restricted to a Liouville operator space whose dimension scales only as N2, leading to a slow growth of multi-spin correlations. Even though long-range couplings are present in the real system, we find excellent agreement between the analytical predictions and ...


Generic Phases Of Cross-Linked Active Gels: Relaxation, Oscillation And Contractility, Shiladitya Banerjee, Tanniemola B. Liverpool, M. C. Marchetti Oct 2011

Generic Phases Of Cross-Linked Active Gels: Relaxation, Oscillation And Contractility, Shiladitya Banerjee, Tanniemola B. Liverpool, M. C. Marchetti

Physics

We study analytically and numerically a generic continuum model of an isotropic active solid with internal stresses generated by non-equilibrium `active' mechano-chemical reactions. Our analysis shows that the gel can be tuned through three classes of dynamical states by increasing motor activity: a constant unstrained state of homogeneous density, a state where the local density exhibits sustained oscillations, and a steady-state which is spontaneously contracted, with a uniform mean density.