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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Fast Super-Resolution With Affine Motion Using An Adaptive Wiener Filter And Its Application To Airborne Imaging, Russell C. Hardie, Kenneth J. Barnard, Raúl Ordóñez May 2015

Fast Super-Resolution With Affine Motion Using An Adaptive Wiener Filter And Its Application To Airborne Imaging, Russell C. Hardie, Kenneth J. Barnard, Raúl Ordóñez

Raúl Ordóñez

Fast nonuniform interpolation based super-resolution (SR) has traditionally been limited to applications with translational interframe motion. This is in part because such methods are based on an underlying assumption that the warping and blurring components in the observation model commute. For translational motion this is the case, but it is not true in general. This presents a problem for applications such as airborne imaging where translation may be insufficient. Here we present a new Fourier domain analysis to show that, for many image systems, an affine warping model with limited zoom and shear approximately commutes with the point spread function ...


Finite-Temperature Superconducting Correlations Of The Hubbard Model, Ehsan Khatami, Richard T. Scalettar, Rajiv R.P. Singh Dec 2014

Finite-Temperature Superconducting Correlations Of The Hubbard Model, Ehsan Khatami, Richard T. Scalettar, Rajiv R.P. Singh

Ehsan Khatami

We utilize numerical linked-cluster expansions (NLCEs) and the determinantal quantum Monte Carlo algorithm to study pairing correlations in the square-lattice Hubbard model. To benchmark the NLCE, we first locate the finite-temperature phase transition of the attractive model to a superconducting state away from half filling. We then explore the superconducting properties of the repulsive model for the d-wave and extended s-wave pairing symmetries. The pairing structure factor shows a strong tendency to d-wave pairing and peaks at an interaction strength comparable to the bandwidth. The extended s-wave structure factor and correlation length are larger at higher temperatures but clearly saturate ...


Geometry Dependence Of The Sign Problem In Quantum Monte Carlo Simulations, V. I. Iglovikov, Ehsan Khatami, R. T. Scalettar Dec 2014

Geometry Dependence Of The Sign Problem In Quantum Monte Carlo Simulations, V. I. Iglovikov, Ehsan Khatami, R. T. Scalettar

Ehsan Khatami

The sign problem is the fundamental limitation to quantum Monte Carlo simulations of the statistical mechanics of interacting fermions. Determinant quantum Monte Carlo (DQMC) is one of the leading methods to study lattice fermions, such as the Hubbard Hamiltonian, which describe strongly correlated phenomena including magnetism, metal-insulator transitions, and possibly exotic superconductivity. Here, we provide a comprehensive dataset on the geometry dependence of the DQMC sign problem for different densities, interaction strengths, temperatures, and spatial lattice sizes. We supplement these data with several observations concerning general trends in the data, including the dependence on spatial volume and how this can ...


Magnetic Correlations And Pairing In The 1/5-Depleted Square Lattice Hubbard Model, Ehsan Khatami, Rajiv R.P. Singh, Warren E. Pickett, Richard T. Scalettar Sep 2014

Magnetic Correlations And Pairing In The 1/5-Depleted Square Lattice Hubbard Model, Ehsan Khatami, Rajiv R.P. Singh, Warren E. Pickett, Richard T. Scalettar

Faculty Publications

We study the single-orbital Hubbard model on the 1/5-depleted square-lattice geometry, which arises in such diverse systems as the spin-gap magnetic insulator CaV4O9 and ordered-vacancy iron selenides, presenting new issues regarding the origin of both magnetic ordering and superconductivity in these materials. We find a rich phase diagram that includes a plaquette singlet phase, a dimer singlet phase, a Néel and a block-spin antiferromagnetic phase, and stripe phases. Quantum Monte Carlo simulations show that the dominant pairing correlations at half filling change character from d wave in the plaquette phase to extended s wave upon transition to the Néel ...


Linked-Cluster Expansion For The Green's Function Of The Infinite-U Hubbard Model, Ehsan Khatami, Edward Perepelitsky, Marcos Rigol, Sriram B. Shastry Jun 2014

Linked-Cluster Expansion For The Green's Function Of The Infinite-U Hubbard Model, Ehsan Khatami, Edward Perepelitsky, Marcos Rigol, Sriram B. Shastry

Faculty Publications

We implement a highly efficient strong-coupling expansion for the Green's function of the Hubbard model. In the limit of extreme correlations, where the onsite interaction is infinite, the evaluation of diagrams simplifies dramatically enabling us to carry out the expansion to the eighth order in powers of the hopping amplitude. We compute the finite-temperature Green's function analytically in the momentum and Matsubara frequency space as a function of the electron density. Employing Padé approximations, we study the equation of state, Kelvin thermopower, momentum distribution function, quasiparticle fraction, and quasiparticle lifetime of the system at temperatures lower than, or ...


Nuclear Proliferation And Testing: A Tale Of Two Treaties, Pierce S. Corden, David Hafemeister Apr 2014

Nuclear Proliferation And Testing: A Tale Of Two Treaties, Pierce S. Corden, David Hafemeister

David W. Hafemeister

Despite progress in reducing stockpiles after the end of the Cold War, the disturbing actions of some nations could spread nuclear weapon capabilities and enlarge existing arsenals.


Magnetic Correlations And Pairing In The 1/5-Depleted Square Lattice Hubbard Model, Ehsan Khatami, Rajiv R.P. Singh, Warren E. Pickett, Richard T. Scalettar Dec 2013

Magnetic Correlations And Pairing In The 1/5-Depleted Square Lattice Hubbard Model, Ehsan Khatami, Rajiv R.P. Singh, Warren E. Pickett, Richard T. Scalettar

Ehsan Khatami

We study the single-orbital Hubbard model on the 1/5-depleted square-lattice geometry, which arises in such diverse systems as the spin-gap magnetic insulator CaV4O9 and ordered-vacancy iron selenides, presenting new issues regarding the origin of both magnetic ordering and superconductivity in these materials. We find a rich phase diagram that includes a plaquette singlet phase, a dimer singlet phase, a Néel and a block-spin antiferromagnetic phase, and stripe phases. Quantum Monte Carlo simulations show that the dominant pairing correlations at half filling change character from d wave in the plaquette phase to extended s wave upon transition to the Néel ...


Linked-Cluster Expansion For The Green's Function Of The Infinite-U Hubbard Model, Ehsan Khatami, Edward Perepelitsky, Marcos Rigol, Sriram B. Shastry Dec 2013

Linked-Cluster Expansion For The Green's Function Of The Infinite-U Hubbard Model, Ehsan Khatami, Edward Perepelitsky, Marcos Rigol, Sriram B. Shastry

Ehsan Khatami

We implement a highly efficient strong-coupling expansion for the Green's function of the Hubbard model. In the limit of extreme correlations, where the onsite interaction is infinite, the evaluation of diagrams simplifies dramatically enabling us to carry out the expansion to the eighth order in powers of the hopping amplitude. We compute the finite-temperature Green's function analytically in the momentum and Matsubara frequency space as a function of the electron density. Employing Padé approximations, we study the equation of state, Kelvin thermopower, momentum distribution function, quasiparticle fraction, and quasiparticle lifetime of the system at temperatures lower than, or ...


Finite-Temperature Properties Of Strongly Correlated Fermions In The Honeycomb Lattice, Baoming Tang, Thereza Paiva, Ehsan Khatami, Marchos Rigol Sep 2013

Finite-Temperature Properties Of Strongly Correlated Fermions In The Honeycomb Lattice, Baoming Tang, Thereza Paiva, Ehsan Khatami, Marchos Rigol

Faculty Publications

We study finite-temperature properties of strongly interacting fermions in the honeycomb lattice using numerical linked-cluster expansions and determinantal quantum Monte Carlo simulations. We analyze a number of thermodynamic quantities, including the entropy, the specific heat, uniform and staggered spin susceptibilities, short-range spin correlations, and the double occupancy at and away from half filling. We examine the viability of adiabatic cooling by increasing the interaction strength for homogeneous as well as for trapped systems. For the homogeneous case, this process is found to be more efficient at finite doping than at half filling. That, in turn, leads to an efficient adiabatic ...


Finite-Temperature Properties Of Strongly Correlated Fermions In The Honeycomb Lattice, Baoming Tang, Thereza Paiva, Ehsan Khatami, Marchos Rigol Sep 2013

Finite-Temperature Properties Of Strongly Correlated Fermions In The Honeycomb Lattice, Baoming Tang, Thereza Paiva, Ehsan Khatami, Marchos Rigol

Ehsan Khatami

We study finite-temperature properties of strongly interacting fermions in the honeycomb lattice using numerical linked-cluster expansions and determinantal quantum Monte Carlo simulations. We analyze a number of thermodynamic quantities, including the entropy, the specific heat, uniform and staggered spin susceptibilities, short-range spin correlations, and the double occupancy at and away from half filling. We examine the viability of adiabatic cooling by increasing the interaction strength for homogeneous as well as for trapped systems. For the homogeneous case, this process is found to be more efficient at finite doping than at half filling. That, in turn, leads to an efficient adiabatic ...


Laminar Flow Of Two Miscible Fluids In A Simple Network, Casey Karst, Brian Storey, John B. Geddes Sep 2013

Laminar Flow Of Two Miscible Fluids In A Simple Network, Casey Karst, Brian Storey, John B. Geddes

Brian Storey

When a fluid comprised of multiple phases or constituents flows through a network, nonlinear phenomena such as multiple stable equilibrium states and spontaneous oscillations can occur. Such behavior has been observed or predicted in a number of networks including the flow of blood through the microcirculation, the flow of picoliter droplets through microfluidic devices, the flow of magma through lava tubes, and two-phase flow in refrigeration systems. While the existence of nonlinear phenomena in a network with many inter-connections containing fluids with complex rheology may seem unsurprising, this paper demonstrates that even simple networks containing Newtonian fluids in laminar flow ...


Fluctuation-Dissipation Theorem In An Isolated System Of Quantum Dipolar Bosons After A Quench, Ehsan Khatami, Guido Pupillo, Mark Srednicki, Marcos Rigol Jul 2013

Fluctuation-Dissipation Theorem In An Isolated System Of Quantum Dipolar Bosons After A Quench, Ehsan Khatami, Guido Pupillo, Mark Srednicki, Marcos Rigol

Faculty Publications

We examine the validity of fluctuation-dissipation relations in isolated quantum systems taken out of equilibrium by a sudden quench. We focus on the dynamics of trapped hard-core bosons in one-dimensional lattices with dipolar interactions whose strength is changed during the quench. We find indications that fluctuation-dissipation relations hold if the system is nonintegrable after the quench, as well as if it is integrable after the quench if the initial state is an equilibrium state of a nonintegrable Hamiltonian. On the other hand, we find indications that they fail if the system is integrable both before and after quenching.


Electronic Spectral Properties Of The Two-Dimensional Infinite-U Hubbard Model, Ehsan Khatami, Daniel Hansen, Edward Perepelitsky, Marcos Rigol, Sriram B. Shastry Mar 2013

Electronic Spectral Properties Of The Two-Dimensional Infinite-U Hubbard Model, Ehsan Khatami, Daniel Hansen, Edward Perepelitsky, Marcos Rigol, Sriram B. Shastry

Ehsan Khatami

A strong-coupling series expansion for the Green's function and the extremely correlated Fermi liquid (ECFL) theory are used to calculate the moments of the electronic spectral functions of the infinite-U Hubbard model. Results from these two complementary methods agree very well at both low densities, where the ECFL solution is the most accurate, and at high to intermediate temperatures, where the series converge. We find that a modified first moment, which underestimates the contributions from the occupied states and is accessible in the series through the time-dependent Green's function, best describes the peak location of the spectral function ...


Laminar Flow Of Two Miscible Fluids In A Simple Network, Casey Karst, Brian Storey, John Geddes Mar 2013

Laminar Flow Of Two Miscible Fluids In A Simple Network, Casey Karst, Brian Storey, John Geddes

John B. Geddes

When a fluid comprised of multiple phases or constituents flows through a network, nonlinear phenomena such as multiple stable equilibrium states and spontaneous oscillations can occur. Such behavior has been observed or predicted in a number of networks including the flow of blood through the microcirculation, the flow of picoliter droplets through microfluidic devices, the flow of magma through lava tubes, and two-phase flow in refrigeration systems. While the existence of nonlinear phenomena in a network with many inter-connections containing fluids with complex rheology may seem unsurprising, this paper demonstrates that even simple networks containing Newtonian fluids in laminar flow ...


A Short Introduction To Numerical Linked-Cluster Expansions, Baoming Tang, Ehsan Khatami, Marcos Rigol Feb 2013

A Short Introduction To Numerical Linked-Cluster Expansions, Baoming Tang, Ehsan Khatami, Marcos Rigol

Ehsan Khatami

We provide a pedagogical introduction to numerical linked-cluster expansions (NLCEs). We sketch the algorithm for generic Hamiltonians that only connect nearest-neighbor sites in a finite cluster with open boundary conditions. We then compare results for a specific model, the Heisenberg model, in each order of the NLCE with the ones for the finite cluster calculated directly by means of full exact diagonalization. We discuss how to reduce the computational cost of the NLCE calculations by taking into account symmetries and topologies of the linked clusters. Finally, we generalize the algorithm to the thermodynamic limit, and discuss several numerical resummation techniques ...


Fluctuation-Dissipation Theorem In An Isolated System Of Quantum Dipolar Bosons After A Quench, Ehsan Khatami, Guido Pupillo, Mark Srednicki, Marcos Rigol Dec 2012

Fluctuation-Dissipation Theorem In An Isolated System Of Quantum Dipolar Bosons After A Quench, Ehsan Khatami, Guido Pupillo, Mark Srednicki, Marcos Rigol

Ehsan Khatami

We examine the validity of fluctuation-dissipation relations in isolated quantum systems taken out of equilibrium by a sudden quench. We focus on the dynamics of trapped hard-core bosons in one-dimensional lattices with dipolar interactions whose strength is changed during the quench. We find indications that fluctuation-dissipation relations hold if the system is nonintegrable after the quench, as well as if it is integrable after the quench if the initial state is an equilibrium state of a nonintegrable Hamiltonian. On the other hand, we find indications that they fail if the system is integrable both before and after quenching.


Workshop Addresses Aviation Community, Jennifer Meehan, Joseph Kunches Aug 2012

Workshop Addresses Aviation Community, Jennifer Meehan, Joseph Kunches

Jennifer (Jinni) Meehan

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Particle Statistics In Strongly Correlated Two-Dimensional Hubbard Models, Ehsan Khatami, Marcos Rigol Jul 2012

Effect Of Particle Statistics In Strongly Correlated Two-Dimensional Hubbard Models, Ehsan Khatami, Marcos Rigol

Ehsan Khatami

We study the onset of particle statistics effects as the temperature is lowered in strongly correlated two-dimensional Hubbard models. We utilize numerical linked-cluster expansions and focus on the properties of interacting lattice fermions and two-component hard-core bosons. In the weak-coupling regime, where the ground state of the bosonic system is a superfluid, the thermodynamic properties of the two systems at half filling exhibit very large differences even at high temperatures. In the strong-coupling regime, where the low-temperature behavior is governed by a Mott insulator for either particle statistics, the agreement between the thermodynamic properties of both systems extends to regions ...


The Second Annual Space Weather Community Operations Workshop: Advancing Operations Into The Next Decade, Jennifer Meehan, Jared Fulgham, Kent Tobiska Jul 2012

The Second Annual Space Weather Community Operations Workshop: Advancing Operations Into The Next Decade, Jennifer Meehan, Jared Fulgham, Kent Tobiska

Jennifer (Jinni) Meehan

No abstract provided.


Incommensurate Spin Fluctuations In High-Transition Temperature Superconductors, Barrett Wells, Young Lee, Marc Kastner, Rebecca Christianson, Robert Birgeneau, Kazuyoshi Yamada, Yasuo Endoh, Gen Shirane Jul 2012

Incommensurate Spin Fluctuations In High-Transition Temperature Superconductors, Barrett Wells, Young Lee, Marc Kastner, Rebecca Christianson, Robert Birgeneau, Kazuyoshi Yamada, Yasuo Endoh, Gen Shirane

Rebecca J. Christianson

Neutron scattering experiments have revealed a fascinating interplay between the hole doping, the spin fluctuations, and the superconductivity of the cuprate superconductors. Recently, electrochemical techniques have been used to produce large single crystals of La2CuO4+ y, which has mobile oxygen dopants. Staging behavior of the excess oxygen has been demonstrated, and the low-energy spin fluctuations in stage 6 La2CuO4+ y have been measured. The spin fluctuations are incommensurate with the lattice and have spatial, energy, and temperature dependencies very much like those in La2− xSrxCuO4, with similar high transition temperature. This establishes the universality of the incommensurate spin fluctuations among ...


Structures And Incommensurate Spin Excitations In Excess Oxygen-Doped La2cuo4+Y, Robert Birgeneau, Rebecca Christianson, Yasuo Endoh, Marc Kastner, Young Lee, Gen Shirane, Barrett Wells, Kazuyoshi Yamada Jul 2012

Structures And Incommensurate Spin Excitations In Excess Oxygen-Doped La2cuo4+Y, Robert Birgeneau, Rebecca Christianson, Yasuo Endoh, Marc Kastner, Young Lee, Gen Shirane, Barrett Wells, Kazuyoshi Yamada

Rebecca J. Christianson

Over the past decade, we have studied in detail the low-energy spin fluctuations in :a2−xSrxCuO4 for xbetween 0 and 0.18. Our experiments, as well as those by others, have revealed a fascinating interplay between the hole doping, the static and dynamic spin fluctuations and superconductivity. Recently, using electrochemical techniques, we have learned how to produce large single crystals of La2CuO4+y which are relatively homogenous. In this latter system, the dopants are characterized by annealed rather than quenched disorder. Furthermore, we have demonstrated staging behavior of the excess oxygen analogous to staging in intercalated graphite. We have now ...


A Reduced Model Of Cavitation Physics For Use In Sonochemistry, Brian Storey, Andrew Szeri Jul 2012

A Reduced Model Of Cavitation Physics For Use In Sonochemistry, Brian Storey, Andrew Szeri

Brian Storey

Sonochemistry involves focusing acoustic energy through cavitation bubbles to increase chemical activity. The violent bubble collapses lead to temperatures of several thousand kelvin, which drive chemical reactions. In previous work, we gave a detailed computational model of a single bubble collapse, taking into account phase change, mass diffusion, heat diffusion and chemical reactions. All of these phenomena are important in determining the conditions at collapse. The present work involves development of a much simpler model that includes all the physics relevant to the determination of the reaction products. Comparisons with the more detailed computations are made; the reduced model is ...


Water Vapour, Sonoluminescence And Sonochemistry, Brian Storey, Andrew Szeri Jul 2012

Water Vapour, Sonoluminescence And Sonochemistry, Brian Storey, Andrew Szeri

Brian Storey

Sonoluminescence is the production of light from acoustically forced bubbles; sonochemistry is a related chemical processing technique. The two phenomena share a sensitive dependence on the liquid phase. The present work is an investigation of the fate and consequences of water vapour in the interior of strongly forced argon micro–bubbles. Due to the extreme nonlinearity of the volume oscillations, excess water vapour is trapped in the bubble during a rapid inertial collapse. Water vapour is prevented from exiting by relatively slow diffusion and non–equilibrium condensation at the bubble wall. By reducing the compression heating of the mixture and ...


Temperature Distribution In An Oscillatory Flow With A Sinusoidal Wall Temperature, Eduardo Ramos, Brian Storey, Fernando Sierra, Raul Zuniga, Andriy Avramenko Jul 2012

Temperature Distribution In An Oscillatory Flow With A Sinusoidal Wall Temperature, Eduardo Ramos, Brian Storey, Fernando Sierra, Raul Zuniga, Andriy Avramenko

Brian Storey

The temperature field generated by an oscillatory boundary layer flow in the presence of a wall with a sinusoidal temperature distribution is analyzed. A linear perturbation method is used to find closed form analytical solutions for the temperature field when the amplitude of the velocity oscillation is small. The analytical solutions only consider long-time behavior when the temperature fields oscillate with the frequency of the flow. The structure of the equation that governs the temperature correction due to convection is similar to that of diffusive waves with the solution consisting of traveling or standing waves. The temperature distribution is also ...


Double Layer In Ionic Liquids: Overscreening Versus Crowding, Martin Z. Bazant, Brian D. Storey, Alexei A. Kornyshev Jul 2012

Double Layer In Ionic Liquids: Overscreening Versus Crowding, Martin Z. Bazant, Brian D. Storey, Alexei A. Kornyshev

Brian Storey

We develop a simple Landau-Ginzburg-type continuum theory of solvent-free ionic liquids and use it to predict the structure of the electrical double layer. The model captures overscreening from short-range correlations, dominant at small voltages, and steric constraints of finite ion sizes, which prevail at large voltages. Increasing the voltage gradually suppresses overscreening in favor of the crowding of counterions in a condensed inner layer near the electrode. This prediction, the ion profiles, and the capacitance-voltage dependence are consistent with recent computer simulations and experiments on room-temperature ionic liquids, using a correlation length of order the ion size.


Mixture Segregation Within Sonoluminescence Bubbles, Brian D. Storey, Andrew J. Szeri Jul 2012

Mixture Segregation Within Sonoluminescence Bubbles, Brian D. Storey, Andrew J. Szeri

Brian Storey

This paper concerns a relaxation of the assumption of uniform mixture composition in the interior of sonoluminescence bubbles. Intense temperature and pressure gradients within the bubble drive relative mass diffusion which overwhelms diffusion driven by concentration gradients. This thermal and pressure diffusion results in a robust compositional inhomogeneity in the bubble which lasts several orders of magnitude longer than the temperature peak or light pulse at the main collapse of the bubble. This effect has important consequences for control of sonoluminescence, gas dynamics, sonochemistry, and the physics of light production.


Nonextensive Statistical Mechanics For Rotating Quasi-Two-Dimensional Turbulence, Sunghwan Jung, Brian Storey, Julien Aubert, Harry Swinney Jul 2012

Nonextensive Statistical Mechanics For Rotating Quasi-Two-Dimensional Turbulence, Sunghwan Jung, Brian Storey, Julien Aubert, Harry Swinney

Brian Storey

We have conducted experiments on an asymmetrically forced quasi-two-dimensional turbulent flow in a rapidly rotating annulus. Assuming conservation of potential enstrophy and energy, we maximize a nonextensive entropy function to obtain the azimuthally averaged vorticity as a function of radial position. The predicted vorticity profile is in good accord with the observations. A nonextensive formalism is appropriate because long-range correlations between small-scale vortices give rise to large coherent structures in the turbulence. We also derive probability distribution functions for the vorticity from both extensive and nonextensive entropies, and we find that the prediction from nonextensive theory is in better accord ...


Radiation Dose Distributions In Three Dimensions From Tomographic Optical Density Scanning Of Polymer Gels: Ii. Optical Properties Of The Bang Polymer Gel, Yevgeniya Zastavker, Marek Maryanski, John Gore Jun 2012

Radiation Dose Distributions In Three Dimensions From Tomographic Optical Density Scanning Of Polymer Gels: Ii. Optical Properties Of The Bang Polymer Gel, Yevgeniya Zastavker, Marek Maryanski, John Gore

Yevgeniya V. Zastavker

A newly developed method of radiation dosimetry makes use of the optical properties of polymer gels. The dose-response mechanism relies on the production of light-scattering polymer micro-particles in the gel at each site of radiation absorption. The scattering produces an attenuation of transmitted light intensity that is directly related to the dose and independent of dose rate. For the BANG polymer gel (bis, acrylamide, nitrogen, and gelatin) the shape of the dose-response curve depends on the fraction of the cross-linking monomer in the initial mixture and on the wavelength of light. At 500 nm the attenuation coefficient (μ) increases by ...


Self-Assembly Of Helical Ribbons, Yevgeniya V. Zastavker, Neer Asherie, Aleksey Lomakin, Jayanti Pande, Joanne M. Donovan, Joel M. Schnur, George B. Benedek Jun 2012

Self-Assembly Of Helical Ribbons, Yevgeniya V. Zastavker, Neer Asherie, Aleksey Lomakin, Jayanti Pande, Joanne M. Donovan, Joel M. Schnur, George B. Benedek

Yevgeniya V. Zastavker

The self-assembly of helical ribbons is examined in a variety of multicomponent enantiomerically pure systems that contain a bile salt or a nonionic detergent, a phosphatidylcholine or a fatty acid, and a steroid analog of cholesterol. In almost all systems, two different pitch types of helical ribbons are observed: high pitch, with a pitch angle of 54 ± 2°, and low pitch, with a pitch angle of 11 ± 2°. Although the majority of these helices are right-handed, a small proportion of left-handed helices is observed. Additionally, a third type of helical ribbon, with a pitch angle in the range 30–47 ...


Dynamical Signature Of The Mott-Hubbard Transition In Ni(S,Se)(2), Yevgeniya Zastavker, Anke Husmann, Deborah Jin, Thomas Rosenbaum, X Yao, J Honig Jun 2012

Dynamical Signature Of The Mott-Hubbard Transition In Ni(S,Se)(2), Yevgeniya Zastavker, Anke Husmann, Deborah Jin, Thomas Rosenbaum, X Yao, J Honig

Yevgeniya V. Zastavker

The transition metal chalcogenide Ni(S,Se)2 is one of the few highly correlated, Mott-Hubbard systems without a strong first-order structural distortion that normally cuts off the critical behavior at the metal-insulator transition. The zero-temperature (T) transition was tuned with pressure, and significant deviations were found near the quantum critical point from the usual T1/2 behavior of the conductivity characteristic of electron-electron interactions in the presence of disorder. The transport data for pressure and temperature below 1 kelvin could be collapsed onto a universal scaling curve.