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2017

Elementary Particles and Fields and String Theory

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Articles 1 - 30 of 87

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Extraction Of The Neutron Electric Form Factor From Measurements Of Inclusive Double Spin Asymmetries, V. Sulkosky, G. Jin, E. Long, Y. -W. Zhang, M. Mihovilovic, A. Kelleher, B. Anderson, D. W. Higinbotham, S. Širca, K. Allada, J. R. M. Annand, T. Averett, W. Bertozzi, W. Boeglin, P. Bradshaw, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, G. D. Cates, C. Chen, J. -P. Chen, E. Chudakov, R. De Leo, X. Deng, A. Deur, C. Dutta, L. El Fassi, D. Flay, S. Frullani, F. Garibaldi, Wolfgang Korsch Dec 2017

Extraction Of The Neutron Electric Form Factor From Measurements Of Inclusive Double Spin Asymmetries, V. Sulkosky, G. Jin, E. Long, Y. -W. Zhang, M. Mihovilovic, A. Kelleher, B. Anderson, D. W. Higinbotham, S. Širca, K. Allada, J. R. M. Annand, T. Averett, W. Bertozzi, W. Boeglin, P. Bradshaw, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, G. D. Cates, C. Chen, J. -P. Chen, E. Chudakov, R. De Leo, X. Deng, A. Deur, C. Dutta, L. El Fassi, D. Flay, S. Frullani, F. Garibaldi, Wolfgang Korsch

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Background: Measurements of the neutron charge form factor, GnE, are challenging because the neutron has no net charge. In addition, measurements of the neutron form factors must use nuclear targets which require accurately accounting for nuclear effects. Extracting GnE with different targets and techniques provides an important test of our handling of these effects.

Purpose: The goal of the measurement was to use an inclusive asymmetry measurement technique to extract the neutron charge form factor at a four-momentum transfer of 1 (GeV/c)2. This technique has very different systematic uncertainties than traditional exclusive measurements and ...


Muon-Neutrino Electron Elastic Scattering And A Search For The Muon-Neutrino Magnetic Moment In The Nova Near Detector, Biao Wang Dec 2017

Muon-Neutrino Electron Elastic Scattering And A Search For The Muon-Neutrino Magnetic Moment In The Nova Near Detector, Biao Wang

Physics Theses and Dissertations

We use the NOvA near detector and the NuMI beam at Fermilab to study the neutrino-electron elastic scattering and the muon neutrino magnetic process beyond the Standard Model physics. The particle identifications of neutrino on electron elastic scattering are trained by using the multi-layer neural networks. This thesis provides a general discussion of this technique and shows a good agreement between data and MC for the neutrino-electron elastic weak scattering. By using 3.62e20 POT dataset in the NOvA near detector, we find 1.58e-9 Bohr magneton as the 90% C.L. upper limit. We also find a sensitivity of ...


Sea Quarks Contribution To The Nucleon Magnetic Moment And Charge Radius At The Physical Point, Raza Sabbir Sufian, Yi-Bo Yang, Jian Liang, Terrence Draper, Keh-Fei Liu Dec 2017

Sea Quarks Contribution To The Nucleon Magnetic Moment And Charge Radius At The Physical Point, Raza Sabbir Sufian, Yi-Bo Yang, Jian Liang, Terrence Draper, Keh-Fei Liu

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We report a comprehensive analysis of the light and strange disconnected-sea quarks contribution to the nucleon magnetic moment, charge radius, and the electric and magnetic form factors. The lattice QCD calculation includes ensembles across several lattice volumes and lattice spacings with one of the ensembles at the physical pion mass. We adopt a model-independent extrapolation of the nucleon magnetic moment and the charge radius. We have performed a simultaneous chiral, infinite volume, and continuum extrapolation in a global fit to calculate results in the continuum limit. We find that the combined light and strange disconnected-sea quarks contribution to the nucleon ...


Measurement Of The Prompt J/Psi Pair Production Cross Section In Pp Collisions At Sqrt(S) = 8 Tev With Cms, Grant Valentine Riley Dec 2017

Measurement Of The Prompt J/Psi Pair Production Cross Section In Pp Collisions At Sqrt(S) = 8 Tev With Cms, Grant Valentine Riley

Doctoral Dissertations

The cross section for the prompt production of J/ψ [J/Psi] meson pairs in proton-proton collisions at √ s[sqrt(s)] = 8 TeV at the LHC from a sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 20.2±0.5 fb−1 [inverse femtobarns] has been measured with the CMS detector. It provides unique insight into particle production and proton structure in proton-proton (pp) collisions. The two J/ψ mesons are fully reconstructed in their µ +µ −[mu+ mu-] decay. An acceptance region is defined by the individual J/ψ transverse momentum pT J/ψ [J/Psi pT] and rapidity |y ...


A Measurement Of The Cross Section At √S = 8 Tev In Pp Collisions With The Cms Detector, Ekaterina Avdeeva Dec 2017

A Measurement Of The Wγ Cross Section At √S = 8 Tev In Pp Collisions With The Cms Detector, Ekaterina Avdeeva

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

A measurement of cross section of the Wγ → lνγ production in proton-proton collisions using 19.6 fb − 1 of LHC data collected by CMS detector at the center- √ of-mass collision energy of s = 8 TeV is reported. The W bosons are identified in their electron and muon decay modes. The process of Wγ production in the Standard Model (SM) involves a pure gauge boson coupling, a WWγ vertex, which allows one to test the electroweak sector of the SM in a unique way not achievable by studies of other processes. In addition to the total cross section, we measure the ...


Introduction To The Usu Library Of Solutions To The Einstein Field Equations, Ian M. Anderson, Charles G. Torre Dec 2017

Introduction To The Usu Library Of Solutions To The Einstein Field Equations, Ian M. Anderson, Charles G. Torre

Tutorials on... in 1 hour or less

This is a Maple worksheet providing an introduction to the USU Library of Solutions to the Einstein Field Equations. The library is part of the DifferentialGeometry software project and is a collection of symbolic data and metadata describing solutions to the Einstein equations.


Compton Scattering From 4He At 61 Mev, M. H. Sikora, M. W. Ahmed, A. Banu, C. Bartram, B. Crowe, E. J. Downie, G. Feldman, H. Gao, H. W. Grießhammer, H. Hao, C. R. Howell, H. J. Karwowski, D. P. Kendellen, Michael A. Kovash, X. Li, D. M. Markoff, S. Mikhailov, V. Popov, R. E. Pywell, J. A. Silano, M. C. Spraker, P. Wallace, H. R. Weller, C. S. Whisnant, Y. K. Wu, W. Xiong, X. Yan, Z. W. Zhao Nov 2017

Compton Scattering From 4He At 61 Mev, M. H. Sikora, M. W. Ahmed, A. Banu, C. Bartram, B. Crowe, E. J. Downie, G. Feldman, H. Gao, H. W. Grießhammer, H. Hao, C. R. Howell, H. J. Karwowski, D. P. Kendellen, Michael A. Kovash, X. Li, D. M. Markoff, S. Mikhailov, V. Popov, R. E. Pywell, J. A. Silano, M. C. Spraker, P. Wallace, H. R. Weller, C. S. Whisnant, Y. K. Wu, W. Xiong, X. Yan, Z. W. Zhao

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The Compton scattering cross section from 4He has been measured with high statistical accuracy over a scattering angle range of 40−159 using a quasimonoenergetic 61-MeV photon beam at the High Intensity Gamma-Ray Source. The data are interpreted using a phenomenological model sensitive to the dipole isoscalar electromagnetic polarizabilities (αs and βs) of the nucleon. These data can be fit with the model using values of αs and βs that are consistent with the currently accepted values. These data will serve as benchmarks of future calculations from effective field theories and lattice quantum chromodynamics.


Mode-Sum Prescription For Vacuum Polarization In Black Hole Spacetimes In Even Dimensions, Peter Taylor, Cormac Doran Nov 2017

Mode-Sum Prescription For Vacuum Polarization In Black Hole Spacetimes In Even Dimensions, Peter Taylor, Cormac Doran

Articles

We present a mode-sum regularization prescription for computing the vacuum polarization of a scalar field in static spherically symmetric black hole spacetimes in even dimensions. This is the first general and systematic approach to regularized vacuum polarization in higher even dimensions, building upon a previous scheme we developed for odd dimensions. Things are more complicated here since the even-dimensional propagator possesses logarithmic singularities which must be regularized. However, in spite of this complication, the regularization parameters can be computed in closed form in arbitrary even dimensions and for arbitrary metric function f(r). As an explicit example of our method ...


Design And Simulation Of A Miniature Cylindrical Mirror Auger Electron Energy Analyzer With Secondary Electron Noise Suppression, Jay A. Bieber Nov 2017

Design And Simulation Of A Miniature Cylindrical Mirror Auger Electron Energy Analyzer With Secondary Electron Noise Suppression, Jay A. Bieber

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In the nanoscale metrology industry, there is a need for low-cost instruments, which have the ability to probe the structrure and elemental composition of thin films. This dissertation, describes the research performed to design and simulate a miniature Cylindrical Mirror Analyzer, (CMA), and Auger Electron Spectrometer, (AES). The CMA includes an integrated coaxial thermionic electron source. Electron optics simulations were performed using the Finite Element Method, (FEM), software COMSOL. To address the large Secondary Electron, (SE), noise, inherent in AES spectra, this research also included experiments to create structures in materials, which were intended to suppress SE backgound noise in ...


First Exclusive Measurement Of Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering Off 4He: Toward The 3d Tomography Of Nuclei, M. Hattawy, N. A. Baltzell, R. Dupré, K. Hafidi, S. Stepanyan, S. Bültmann, R. De Vita, A. El Alaoui, L. El Fassi, H. Egiyan, F. X. Girod, M. Guidal, D. Jenkins, S. Liuti, Y. Perrin, B. Torayev, E. Voutier, K. P. Adhikari, S. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, Z. Akbar, M. J. Amaryan, S. Anefalos Pereira, Whitney R. Armstrong, H. Avakian, J. Ball, M. Bashkanov, M. Battaglieri, V. Batourine, I. Bedlinskiy, Wesley P. Gohn Nov 2017

First Exclusive Measurement Of Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering Off 4He: Toward The 3d Tomography Of Nuclei, M. Hattawy, N. A. Baltzell, R. Dupré, K. Hafidi, S. Stepanyan, S. Bültmann, R. De Vita, A. El Alaoui, L. El Fassi, H. Egiyan, F. X. Girod, M. Guidal, D. Jenkins, S. Liuti, Y. Perrin, B. Torayev, E. Voutier, K. P. Adhikari, S. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, Z. Akbar, M. J. Amaryan, S. Anefalos Pereira, Whitney R. Armstrong, H. Avakian, J. Ball, M. Bashkanov, M. Battaglieri, V. Batourine, I. Bedlinskiy, Wesley P. Gohn

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We report on the first measurement of the beam-spin asymmetry in the exclusive process of coherent deeply virtual Compton scattering off a nucleus. The experiment uses the 6 GeV electron beam from the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) accelerator at Jefferson Lab incident on a pressurized 4He gaseous target placed in front of the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). The scattered electron is detected by CLAS and the photon by a dedicated electromagnetic calorimeter at forward angles. To ensure the exclusivity of the process, a specially designed radial time projection chamber is used to detect the recoiling 4 ...


Coherent Diffractive Photoproduction Of Ρ0 Mesons On Gold Nuclei At 200 Gev/Nucleon-Pair At The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, L. Adamczyk, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, N. N. Ajitanand, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, D. Brown, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran Nov 2017

Coherent Diffractive Photoproduction Of Ρ0 Mesons On Gold Nuclei At 200 Gev/Nucleon-Pair At The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, L. Adamczyk, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, N. N. Ajitanand, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, D. Brown, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The STAR Collaboration reports on the photoproduction of π+π pairs in gold-gold collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 200 GeV/nucleon-pair. These pion pairs are produced when a nearly real photon emitted by one ion scatters from the other ion.

We fit the π+π invariant-mass spectrum with a combination of ρ0 and ω resonances and a direct π+π continuum. This is the first observation of the ω in ultraperipheral collisions, and the first measurement of ρ−ω interference at energies where photoproduction is dominated by Pomeron exchange. The ω amplitude is consistent with the measured γp ...


Production Of Cosmological Observables During The Inflationary Epoch, Cody Goolsby-Cole Nov 2017

Production Of Cosmological Observables During The Inflationary Epoch, Cody Goolsby-Cole

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation proposal explores the production of present day cosmological observables which might have been produced during the inflationary era. The first observable is the current net electric charge of our observable universe produced by charge fluctuations during inflation. Next, we examine the possibility of a signal in the primordial gravitational wave power spectrum produced by a scalar field with a time dependent mass. Finally, we examine primordial magnetic fields produced during inflation through the Ratra model coupling with the Schwinger effect.


A Glimpse Of Gluons Through Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering On The Proton, M. Defurne, A. Marti Jimenez-Arguello, Z. Ahmed, H. Albataineh, K. Allada, K. A. Aniol, V. Bellini, M. Benali, W. Boeglin, P. Bertin, M. Canan, C. E. Hyde, M. N. H. Rashad Nov 2017

A Glimpse Of Gluons Through Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering On The Proton, M. Defurne, A. Marti Jimenez-Arguello, Z. Ahmed, H. Albataineh, K. Allada, K. A. Aniol, V. Bellini, M. Benali, W. Boeglin, P. Bertin, M. Canan, C. E. Hyde, M. N. H. Rashad

Physics Faculty Publications

The internal structure of nucleons (protons and neutrons) remains one of the greatest outstanding problems in modern nuclear physics. By scattering high-energy electrons off a proton we are able to resolve its fundamental constituents and probe their momenta and positions. Here we investigate the dynamics of quarks and gluons inside nucleons using deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS)-a highly virtual photon scatters off the proton, which subsequently radiates a photon. DVCS interferes with the Bethe-Heitler (BH) process, where the photon is emitted by the electron rather than the proton. We report herein the full determination of the BH-DVCS interference by ...


Lattice Qcd Exploration Of Parton Pseudo-Distribution Functions, Kostas Orginos, Anatoly Radyushkin, Joseph Karpie, Savvas Zafeiropoulos Nov 2017

Lattice Qcd Exploration Of Parton Pseudo-Distribution Functions, Kostas Orginos, Anatoly Radyushkin, Joseph Karpie, Savvas Zafeiropoulos

Physics Faculty Publications

We demonstrate a new method of extracting parton distributions from lattice calculations. The starting idea is to treat the generic equal-time matrix element M(Pz(3), z(3)(2)) as a function of the Ioffe time nu = Pz(3) and the distance z(3). The next step is to divide M(Pz(3), z(3)(2)) by the rest-frame density M(0, z(3)(2)). Our lattice calculation shows a linear exponential z(3)-dependence in the rest-frame function, expected from the Z(z(3)(2)) factor generated by the gauge link. Still, we observe that the ratio M (Pz ...


Electronic, Magnetic, And Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy Properties Of Light Lanthanides, T. A. Hackett, D. J. Baldwin, Durga Paudyal Nov 2017

Electronic, Magnetic, And Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy Properties Of Light Lanthanides, T. A. Hackett, D. J. Baldwin, Durga Paudyal

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Theoretical understanding of interactions between localized and mobile electrons and the crystal environment in light lanthanides is important because of their key role in much needed magnetic anisotropy in permanent magnet materials that have a great impact in automobile and wind turbine applications. We report electronic, magnetic, and magnetocrystalline properties of these basic light lanthanide elements studied from advanced density functional theory (DFT) calculations. We find that the inclusion of onsite 4f electron correlation and spin orbit coupling within the full-potential band structure is needed to understand the unique magnetocrystalline properties of these light lanthanides. The onsite electron correlation, spin ...


Doubly-Excited State Effects On Two-Photon Double Ionization Of Helium By Time-Delayed, Oppositely Circularly-Polarized Attosecond Pulses, Jean Marcel Ngoko Djiokap, Anthony F. Starace Oct 2017

Doubly-Excited State Effects On Two-Photon Double Ionization Of Helium By Time-Delayed, Oppositely Circularly-Polarized Attosecond Pulses, Jean Marcel Ngoko Djiokap, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

We study two-photon double ionization (TPDI) of helium by a pair of time-delayed (non-overlapping), oppositely circularly-polarized attosecond pulses whose carrier frequencies are resonant with 1Po doubly-excited states. All of our TPDI results are obtained by numerical solution of the two-electron time-dependent Schrödinger equation for the six-dimensional case of circularly-polarized attosecond pulses, and they are analyzed using perturbation theory (PT). As compared with the corresponding nonresonant TPDI process, we find that the doubly-excited states change the character of vortex patterns in the two-electron momentum distributions for the case of back-to-back detection of the two ionized electrons in the polarization ...


First Direct Constraints On Fierz Interference In Free-Neutron Β Decay, K. P. Hickerson, X. Sun, Y. Bagdasarova, D. Bravo-Berguño, L. J. Broussard, M. A. -P. Brown, R. Carr, S. Currie, X. Ding, B. W. Filippone, A. García, P. Geltenbort, J. Hoagland, A. T. Holley, R. Hong, T. M. Ito, A. Knecht, C. -Y. Liu, J. L. Liu, M. Makela, R. R. Mammei, J. W. Martin, D. Melconian, M. P. Mendenhall, S. D. Moore, C. L. Morris, R. W. Pattie Jr., A. Pérez Galván, R. Picker, M. L. Pitt, Bradley R. Plaster Oct 2017

First Direct Constraints On Fierz Interference In Free-Neutron Β Decay, K. P. Hickerson, X. Sun, Y. Bagdasarova, D. Bravo-Berguño, L. J. Broussard, M. A. -P. Brown, R. Carr, S. Currie, X. Ding, B. W. Filippone, A. García, P. Geltenbort, J. Hoagland, A. T. Holley, R. Hong, T. M. Ito, A. Knecht, C. -Y. Liu, J. L. Liu, M. Makela, R. R. Mammei, J. W. Martin, D. Melconian, M. P. Mendenhall, S. D. Moore, C. L. Morris, R. W. Pattie Jr., A. Pérez Galván, R. Picker, M. L. Pitt, Bradley R. Plaster

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Precision measurements of free-neutron β decay have been used to precisely constrain our understanding of the weak interaction. However, the neutron Fierz interference term bn, which is particularly sensitive to beyond-standard-model tensor currents at the TeV scale, has thus far eluded measurement. Here we report the first direct constraints on this term, finding bn = 0.067 ± 0.005stat+0.090-0.061sys, consistent with the standard model. The uncertainty is dominated by absolute energy reconstruction and the linearity of the β spectrometer energy response.


Imaging Electronic Motions By Ultrafast Electron Diffraction, Hua-Chieh Shao, Anthony F. Starace Oct 2017

Imaging Electronic Motions By Ultrafast Electron Diffraction, Hua-Chieh Shao, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

Recently ultrafast electron diffraction and microscopy have reached unprecedented temporal resolution, and transient structures with atomic precision have been observed in various reactions. It is anticipated that these extraordinary advances will soon allow direct observation of electronic motions during chemical reactions. We therefore performed a series of theoretical investigations and simulations to investigate the imaging of electronic motions in atoms and molecules by ultrafast electron diffraction. Three prototypical electronic motions were considered for hydrogen atoms. For the case of a breathing mode, the electron density expands and contracts periodically, and we show that the time-resolved scattering intensities reflect such changes ...


Energy-Resolved Coherent Diffraction From Laser-Driven Electronic Motion In Atoms, Hua-Chieh Shao, Anthony F. Starace Oct 2017

Energy-Resolved Coherent Diffraction From Laser-Driven Electronic Motion In Atoms, Hua-Chieh Shao, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

We investigate theoretically the use of energy-resolved ultrafast electron diffraction to image laser-driven electronic motion in atoms. A chirped laser pulse is used to transfer the valence electron of the lithium atom from the ground state to the first excited state. During this process, the electronic motion is imaged by 100-fs and 1-fs electron pulses in energy-resolved diffraction measurements. Simulations show that the angle-resolved spectra reveal the time evolution of the energy content and symmetry of the electronic state. The time-dependent diffraction patterns are further interpreted in terms of the momentum transfer. For the case of incident 1-fs electron pulses ...


Miniclean Dark Matter Experiment, Juijen Wang Sep 2017

Miniclean Dark Matter Experiment, Juijen Wang

Physics & Astronomy ETDs

Particle Dark Matter is a hypothesis accounting for a number of observed astrophysical phenomena such as the anomalous galactic rotation curves. From these astronomical observation, about 23% of the universe appears to consist of dark matter. Among the possible candidates for dark matter, a plausible one is a Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMP). A particle with the required properties is beyond the standard model of particle physics. The MiniCLEAN experiment is single-phase liquid-argon detector instrumented with 92 photomultiplier tubes placed inside the cryogenic liquid with 4-pi coverage of a 500 kg (150 kg) target (fiducial) mass. For this experiment, PMT ...


Ionization Enhancement And Suppression By Phase-Locked Ultrafast Pulse Pairs, David B. Foote, Y. Lin, Liang-Wen Pi, Jean Marcel Ngoko Djiokap, Anthony F. Starace, W. T. Hill Aug 2017

Ionization Enhancement And Suppression By Phase-Locked Ultrafast Pulse Pairs, David B. Foote, Y. Lin, Liang-Wen Pi, Jean Marcel Ngoko Djiokap, Anthony F. Starace, W. T. Hill

Anthony F. Starace Publications

We present the results of a study of ionization of Xe atoms by a pair of phase-locked pulses, which is characterized by interference produced by the twin peaks. Two types of interference are considered: ordinary optical interference, which changes the intensity of the composite pulse and thus the ion yield, and a quantum interference, in which the excited electron wave packets interfere. We use the measured Xe+ yield as a function of the temporal delay and/or relative phase between the peaks to monitor the interferences and compare their relative strengths. We model the interference with a pulse intensity function ...


Lattice Calculation Of Nucleon Isovector Axial Charge With Improved Currents, Jian Liang, Yi-Bo Yang, Keh-Fei Liu, Andrei Alexandru, Terrence Draper, Raza Sabbir Sufian Aug 2017

Lattice Calculation Of Nucleon Isovector Axial Charge With Improved Currents, Jian Liang, Yi-Bo Yang, Keh-Fei Liu, Andrei Alexandru, Terrence Draper, Raza Sabbir Sufian

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We employ dimension-4 operators to improve the local vector and axial-vector currents and calculate the nucleon isovector axial coupling g3A with overlap valence on 2 + 1-flavor domain wall fermion (DWF) sea. Using the equality of g3A from the spatial and temporal components of the axial-vector current as a normalization condition, we find that g3A is increased by a few percent towards the experimental value. The excited-state contamination has been taken into account with three time separations between the source and sink. The improved axial charges g3A(24I) = 1.22(4)(3 ...


Evolution Equations For Connected And Disconnected Sea Parton Distributions, Keh-Fei Liu Aug 2017

Evolution Equations For Connected And Disconnected Sea Parton Distributions, Keh-Fei Liu

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

It has been revealed from the path-integral formulation of the hadronic tensor that there are connected sea and disconnected sea partons. The former is responsible for the Gottfried sum rule violation primarily and evolves the same way as the valence. Therefore, the Dokshitzer-Gribov-Lipatov-Altarelli-Parisi evolution equations can be extended to accommodate them separately. We discuss its consequences and implications vis-á-vis lattice calculations.


Adiabatic-Limit Coulomb Factors For Photoelectron And High-Order-Harmonic Spectra, M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, A. A. Minina, S. V. Popruzhenko, Anthony F. Starace Aug 2017

Adiabatic-Limit Coulomb Factors For Photoelectron And High-Order-Harmonic Spectra, M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, A. A. Minina, S. V. Popruzhenko, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

A momentum-dependent Coulomb factor in the probability for nonlinear ionization of atoms by a strong low-frequency laser field is calculated analytically in the adiabatic approximation. Expressions for this Coulomb factor, valid for an arbitrary laser pulse waveform, are obtained and analyzed in detail for the cases of linear and circular polarizations. The dependence of the Coulomb factor on the photoelectron momentum is shown to be significant in both cases. Using a similar technique, the Coulomb factor for emission of high-order harmonics by an atom in a bichromatic laser field is also calculated. In contrast to the case of a single-frequency ...


Machine Learning In Xenon1t Analysis, Dillon A. Davis, Rafael F. Lang, Darryl P. Masson Aug 2017

Machine Learning In Xenon1t Analysis, Dillon A. Davis, Rafael F. Lang, Darryl P. Masson

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

In process of analyzing large amounts of quantitative data, it can be quite time consuming and challenging to uncover populations of interest contained amongst the background data. Therefore, the ability to partially automate the process while gaining additional insight into the interdependencies of key parameters via machine learning seems quite appealing. As of now, the primary means of reviewing the data is by manually plotting data in different parameter spaces to recognize key features, which is slow and error prone. In this experiment, many well-known machine learning algorithms were applied to a dataset to attempt to semi-automatically identify known populations ...


Thermomechanical Properties Of Aluminium Heaters To Test The Compact Muon Solenoid Cooling System For Phase Two Upgrade, Sandra Jimena González, Timothy Matthew Jones Aug 2017

Thermomechanical Properties Of Aluminium Heaters To Test The Compact Muon Solenoid Cooling System For Phase Two Upgrade, Sandra Jimena González, Timothy Matthew Jones

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

The main objectives of the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment at the Large Hadron Collider are precision studies of the Standard Model of Particle Physics and the discovery of physics beyond it. To meet that, it is essential for the CMS detector to function at the highest efficiency for detecting subatomic particles within various technical constraints. In particular, the readout chips of the Pixel Tracker sub-detector produce significant heat and must be kept at -10 °C to ensure optimal performance and reduce cumulative damage in the high radiation environment. Thus, it is necessary to design a cooling system to extract ...


Kinematical Vortices In Double Photoionization Of Helium By Attosecond Pulses, Jean Marcel Ngoko Djiokap, A. V. Meremianin, N. L. Manakov, S. X. Hu, L. B. Madsen, Anthony F. Starace Jul 2017

Kinematical Vortices In Double Photoionization Of Helium By Attosecond Pulses, Jean Marcel Ngoko Djiokap, A. V. Meremianin, N. L. Manakov, S. X. Hu, L. B. Madsen, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

Two-armed helical vortex structures are predicted in the two-electron momentum distributions produced in double photoionization (DPI) of the He atom by a pair of time-delayed elliptically polarized attosecond pulses with opposite helicities. These predictions are based upon both a first-order perturbation theory analysis and numerical solutions of the two-electron, time-dependent Schrödinger equation in six spatial dimensions. The helical vortex structures originate from Ramsey interference of a pair of ionized two-electron wave packets, each having a total angular momentum of unity, and appear in the sixfold differential DPI probability distribution for any energy partitioning between the two electrons. The vortex structures ...


One More Hard Three-Loop Correction To Parapositronium Energy Levels, Michael I. Eides, Valery A. Shelyuto Jul 2017

One More Hard Three-Loop Correction To Parapositronium Energy Levels, Michael I. Eides, Valery A. Shelyuto

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

A hard three-loop correction to parapositronium energy levels of order 7 is calculated. This nonlogarithmic contribution is due to the insertions of one-loop photon propagator in the fermion lines in the diagrams with virtual two-photon annihilation. We obtained ΔE = 0.03297(2)(7 / π3) for this energy shift.


Searching For Heavy Photons With Detached Vertices In The Heavy Photon Search Experiment, Holly Szumila-Vance Jul 2017

Searching For Heavy Photons With Detached Vertices In The Heavy Photon Search Experiment, Holly Szumila-Vance

Physics Theses & Dissertations

The Jefferson Lab Heavy Photon Search (HPS) experiment is searching for a hypothetical massive particle called the heavy photon which could mediate a dark electromagnetic-type force. If heavy photons kinetically mix with Standard Model photons, they may be radiated by electrons scattering from a heavy nucleus and then decay to e+e- pairs. HPS uniquely searches for heavy photons that either decay at the target or a measurable distance after. The experiment utilizes a silicon vertex tracker (SVT) for momentum and vertex reconstruction, together with an electromagnetic calorimeter for measuring particle energies and triggering events. The HPS experiment took its ...


Higher-Twist Corrections To Gluon Tmd Factorization, I. Balitsky, A. Tarasov Jul 2017

Higher-Twist Corrections To Gluon Tmd Factorization, I. Balitsky, A. Tarasov

Physics Faculty Publications

We calculate power corrections to TMD factorization for particle production by gluon-gluon fusion in hadron-hadron collisions.