Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2017

Condensed Matter Physics

Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 259

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy Of "-Fe2o3, Imran Ahamed, Rohilt Pathak, Arti Kashyap Dec 2017

Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy Of "-Fe2o3, Imran Ahamed, Rohilt Pathak, Arti Kashyap

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

The epsilon Fe2O3 phase of iron oxide has been studied to understand the spin structure and the magnetocrystalline anisotropy in the bulk and in thin films of "-Fe2O3 and Co-doped "-Fe2O3. The preferential magnetization direction in the nanoparticles of "-Fe2O3 is along the a-axis [M. Gich et al., Chem. Mater. 18, 3889 (2006)]. Compared to the bulk band gap of 1.9 eV, the thin-film band gap is reduced to 1.3 eV in the Co-free films and to 0.7 eV in the film with partial ...


Texture Development And Coercivity Enhancement In Cast Alnico 9 Magnets, Wenyong Zhang, Shah Valloppilly, Xingzhong Li, Lanping Yue, Ralph Skomski, Iver Anderson, Matthew Kramer, Wei Tang, Jeff Shield, David J. Sellmyer Dec 2017

Texture Development And Coercivity Enhancement In Cast Alnico 9 Magnets, Wenyong Zhang, Shah Valloppilly, Xingzhong Li, Lanping Yue, Ralph Skomski, Iver Anderson, Matthew Kramer, Wei Tang, Jeff Shield, David J. Sellmyer

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

The effect of Y addition and magnetic field on texture and magnetic properties of arc-melted alnico 9 magnets has been investigated. Small additions of Y (1.5 wt.%) develop a (200) texture for the arc-melted alnico 9 magnet. Such a texture is hard to form in cast samples. To achieve this goal, we set up a high-field annealing system with a maximum operation temperature of 12500 C. This system enabled annealing in a field of 45 kOe with subsequent draw annealing for the solutionized buttons; we have been able to substantially increase remanence ratio and coercivity, from 0.70 ...


Emergent Ising Degrees Of Freedom Above A Double-Stripe Magnetic Ground State, Guanghua Zhang, Rebecca Flint Dec 2017

Emergent Ising Degrees Of Freedom Above A Double-Stripe Magnetic Ground State, Guanghua Zhang, Rebecca Flint

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Double-stripe magnetism [ Q = ( π / 2 , π / 2 ) ] has been proposed as the magnetic ground state for both the iron-telluride and BaTi 2 Sb 2 O families of superconductors. Double-stripe order is captured within a J 1 − J 2 − J 3 Heisenberg model in the regime J 3 ≫ J 2 ≫ J 1 . Intriguingly, besides breaking spin-rotational symmetry, the ground-state manifold has three additional Ising degrees of freedom associated with bond ordering. Via their coupling to the lattice, they give rise to an orthorhombic distortion and to two nonuniform lattice distortions with wave vector ( π , π ) . Because the ground state is fourfold ...


Prediction Of A Mobile Two-Dimensional Electron Gas At The Lasco3/Basno3(001) Interface, Tula R. Paudel, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal Dec 2017

Prediction Of A Mobile Two-Dimensional Electron Gas At The Lasco3/Basno3(001) Interface, Tula R. Paudel, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEG) at oxide interfaces, such as LaAlO3/SrTiO3 (001), have aroused significant interest due to their high carrier density (∼1014 cm−2) and strong lateral confinement (∼1 nm). However, these 2DEGs are normally hosted by the weakly dispersive and degenerate d bands (e.g., Ti-3d bands), which are strongly coupled to the lattice, causing mobility of such 2DEGs to be relatively low at room temperature (∼1 cm2/Vs). Here, we propose using oxide host materials with the conduction bands formed from s electrons to increase carrier mobility and soften its temperature dependence. Using ...


Origin Of The Exciton Mass In The Frustrated Mott Insulator Na2Iro3, Zhanybek Alpichshev, Edbert J. Sie, Fahad Mahmood, Gang Cao, Nuh Gedik Dec 2017

Origin Of The Exciton Mass In The Frustrated Mott Insulator Na2Iro3, Zhanybek Alpichshev, Edbert J. Sie, Fahad Mahmood, Gang Cao, Nuh Gedik

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We use a three-pulse ultrafast optical spectroscopy to study the relaxation processes in a frustrated Mott insulator Na2IrO3. By being able to independently produce the out-of-equilibrium bound states (excitons) of doublons and holons with the first pulse and suppress the underlying antiferromagnetic order with the second one, we were able to elucidate the relaxation mechanism of quasiparticles in this system. By observing the difference in the exciton dynamics in the magnetically ordered and disordered phases we found that the mass of this quasiparticle is mostly determined by its interaction with the surrounding spins.


Influence Of Classical Anisotropy Fields On The Properties Of Heisenberg Antiferromagnets Within Unified Molecular Field Theory, David C. Johnston Dec 2017

Influence Of Classical Anisotropy Fields On The Properties Of Heisenberg Antiferromagnets Within Unified Molecular Field Theory, David C. Johnston

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

A comprehensive study of the influence of classical anisotropy fields on the magnetic properties of Heisenberg antiferromagnets within unified molecular field theory versus temperature T , magnetic field H , and anisotropy field parameter h A 1 is presented for systems comprised of identical crystallographically-equivalent local moments. The anisotropy field for collinear z -axis antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering is constructed so that it is aligned in the direction of each ordered and/or field-induced thermal-average moment with a magnitude proportional to the moment, whereas that for XY anisotropy is defined to be in the direction of the projection of the moment onto the ...


Gamma-Ray Metallic Magnetic Calorimeters With Nbta Passive Persistent Switches And Electroformed Au Absorbers, Ruslan Hummatov Dec 2017

Gamma-Ray Metallic Magnetic Calorimeters With Nbta Passive Persistent Switches And Electroformed Au Absorbers, Ruslan Hummatov

Physics & Astronomy ETDs

Metallic Magnetic Calorimeters (MMCs) are low temperature particle detectors which can be used for a wide range of applications including high-resolution γ -ray spectroscopy. High energy resolution in γ -ray spectroscopy is desired for Non Destructive Assay (NDA) of nuclear material and improved measurements of nuclear data. Our group has been developing γ -ray MMCs that should ultimately provide energy resolution more than an order of magnitude better than the benchmark detector technology, high purity germanium detectors (HPGe). Two components of these MMCs have been developed as a part of this dissertation: an on-chip passive superconducting persistent current switch and ...


R14(Au, M)51 (R = Y, La−Nd, Sm−Tb, Ho, Er, Yb, Lu; M = Al, Ga, Ge, In,Sn, Sb, Bi): Stability Ranges And Site Preference In The Gd14ag51 Structure Type, Chris Celania, Volodymyr Smetana, Alessia Provino, Pietro Manfrinetti, Anja-Verena Mudring Dec 2017

R14(Au, M)51 (R = Y, La−Nd, Sm−Tb, Ho, Er, Yb, Lu; M = Al, Ga, Ge, In,Sn, Sb, Bi): Stability Ranges And Site Preference In The Gd14ag51 Structure Type, Chris Celania, Volodymyr Smetana, Alessia Provino, Pietro Manfrinetti, Anja-Verena Mudring

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Twenty new ternary representatives of the Gd14Ag51 structure type have been synthesized within the R-Au-M family (R = Y, La–Nd, Sm–Tb, Ho, Er, Yb, Lu; M = Al, Ga, Ge, In, Sn, Sb, Bi) using solid state synthesis techniques. The list of post transition metals (M) involved in the formation of this type of structure could be augmented by five new representatives. All compounds crystallize in the hexagonal space group P6/m (#175) with the unit cell ranges of a = 12.3136(2)–12.918(1) Å and c = 8.9967(3)–9.385(1) Å, and incorporate different ...


Diffusion Of Two-Dimensional Epitaxial Clusters On Metal (100) Surfaces: Facile Versus Nucleation-Mediated Behavior And Their Merging For Larger Sizes, King C. Lai, Da-Jiang Liu, James W. Evans Dec 2017

Diffusion Of Two-Dimensional Epitaxial Clusters On Metal (100) Surfaces: Facile Versus Nucleation-Mediated Behavior And Their Merging For Larger Sizes, King C. Lai, Da-Jiang Liu, James W. Evans

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

For diffusion of two-dimensional homoepitaxial clusters of N atoms on metal (100) surfaces mediated by edge atom hopping, macroscale continuum theory suggests that the diffusion coefficient scales like DN∼N−β with β=3/2. However, we find quite different and diverse behavior in multiple size regimes. These include: (i) facile diffusion for small sizes N<9; (ii) slow nucleation-mediated diffusion with small β<1 for “perfect” sizes N=Np=L2 or L(L+1), for L=3,4, ... having unique ground-state shapes, for moderate sizes 9≤N≤O(102); the same also applies for N=Np+3, Np+4, ...(iii) facile diffusion but with large β>2 for N=Np+1 and Np+2 also for moderate sizes 9≤N≤O(102); (iv) merging of the above distinct branches and subsequent anomalous scaling with 1≲β<3/2, reflecting the quasifacetted structure of clusters, for larger N=O(102) to N=O(103); (v) classic scaling with β=3/2 for very large N=O(103) and above. The specified size ranges apply for typical model parameters. We focus on the moderate size regime where we show that diffusivity cycles quasiperiodically from the slowest branch for Np+3 (not Np) to the fastest branch for Np+1. Behavior is quantified by kinetic Monte Carlo simulation of an appropriate stochastic lattice-gas model. However, precise analysis must account for a strong enhancement of diffusivity for short time increments due to back correlation in the cluster motion. Further understanding of this enhancement, of anomalous size scaling behavior, and of the merging of various branches, is facilitated by combinatorial analysis of the number of the ground-state and low-lying excited state cluster configurations, and also of kink populations.


First-Principles Study On The Electronic, Optical, And Transport Properties Of Monolayer Α- And Β-Gese, Yuanfeng Xu, Hao Zhang, Hezhu Shao, Gang Ni, Jing Li, Hongliang Lu, Rongjun Zhang, Bo Peng, Yongyuan Zhu, Heyuan Zhu, Costas M. Soukoulis Dec 2017

First-Principles Study On The Electronic, Optical, And Transport Properties Of Monolayer Α- And Β-Gese, Yuanfeng Xu, Hao Zhang, Hezhu Shao, Gang Ni, Jing Li, Hongliang Lu, Rongjun Zhang, Bo Peng, Yongyuan Zhu, Heyuan Zhu, Costas M. Soukoulis

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The extraordinary properties and the novel applications of black phosphorene induce the research interest in the monolayer group-IV monochalcogenides. Here using first-principles calculations, we systematically investigate the electronic, transport, and optical properties of monolayer alpha- and beta-GeSe, revealing a direct band gap of 1.61 eV for monolayer alpha-GeSe and an indirect band gap of 2.47 eV for monolayer beta-GeSe. For monolayer beta-GeSe, the electronic/hole transport is anisotropic, with an extremely high electron mobility of 2.93 x 10(4) cm(2)/Vs along the armchair direction, comparable to that of black phosphorene. Furthermore, for beta-GeSe, robust band ...


Nematicity, Magnetism And Superconductivity In Fese, Anna E. Böhmer, Andreas Kreisel Dec 2017

Nematicity, Magnetism And Superconductivity In Fese, Anna E. Böhmer, Andreas Kreisel

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Iron-based superconductors are well known for their complex interplay between structure, magnetism and superconductivity. FeSe offers a particularly fascinating example. This material has been intensely discussed because of its extended nematic phase, whose relationship with magnetism is not obvious. Superconductivity in FeSe is highly tunable, with the superconducting transition temperature, T c, ranging from 8 K in bulk single crystals at ambient pressure to almost 40 K under pressure or in intercalated systems, and to even higher temperatures in thin films. In this topical review, we present an overview of nematicity, magnetism and superconductivity, and discuss the interplay of these ...


Local Nematic Susceptibility In Stressed Bafe 2 As 2 From Nmr Electric Field Gradient Measurements, T. Kissikov, R. Sarkar, M. Lawson, B. T. Bush, Erik I. Timmons, Makariy A. Tanatar, Ruslan Prozorov, S. L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield, R. M. Fernandes, W. F. Goh, W. E. Pickett, N. J. Curro Dec 2017

Local Nematic Susceptibility In Stressed Bafe 2 As 2 From Nmr Electric Field Gradient Measurements, T. Kissikov, R. Sarkar, M. Lawson, B. T. Bush, Erik I. Timmons, Makariy A. Tanatar, Ruslan Prozorov, S. L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield, R. M. Fernandes, W. F. Goh, W. E. Pickett, N. J. Curro

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The electric field gradient (EFG) tensor at the 75As site couples to the orbital occupations of the As porbitals and is a sensitive probe of local nematicity in BaFe2As2. We use nuclear magnetic resonance to measure the nuclear quadrupolar splittings and find that the EFG asymmetry responds linearly to the presence of a strain field in the paramagnetic phase. We extract the nematic susceptibility from the slope of this linear response as a function of temperature and find that it diverges near the structural transition, in agreement with other measures of the bulk nematic susceptibility. Our work establishes an alternative ...


Similar Ultrafast Dynamics Of Several Dissimilar Dirac And Weyl Semimetals, Christopher P. Weber, Bryan S. Berggren, Madison G. Masten, Thomas C. Ogloza, Skylar Deckoff-Jones, Julien Madéo, Michael K. L. Man, Keshav M. Dani, Lingxiao Zhao, Genfu Chen, Jinyu Liu, Zhiqiang Mao, Leslie M. Schoop, Bettina V. Lotsch, Stuart S. P. Parkin, Mazhar Ali Dec 2017

Similar Ultrafast Dynamics Of Several Dissimilar Dirac And Weyl Semimetals, Christopher P. Weber, Bryan S. Berggren, Madison G. Masten, Thomas C. Ogloza, Skylar Deckoff-Jones, Julien Madéo, Michael K. L. Man, Keshav M. Dani, Lingxiao Zhao, Genfu Chen, Jinyu Liu, Zhiqiang Mao, Leslie M. Schoop, Bettina V. Lotsch, Stuart S. P. Parkin, Mazhar Ali

Physics

Recent years have seen the rapid discovery of solids whose low-energy electrons have a massless, linear dispersion, such as Weyl, line-node, and Dirac semimetals. The remarkable optical properties predicted in these materials show their versatile potential for optoelectronic uses. However, little is known of their response in the picoseconds after absorbing a photon. Here, we measure the ultrafast dynamics of four materials that share non-trivial band structure topology but that differ chemically, structurally, and in their low-energy band structures: ZrSiS, which hosts a Dirac line node and Dirac points; TaAs and NbP, which are Weyl semimetals; and Sr1–y ...


Ionic Depletion At The Crystalline Gibbs Layer Of Peg-Capped Gold Nanoparticle Brushes At Aqueous Surfaces, Wenjie Wang, Honghu Zhang, Surya Mallapragada, Alex Travesset, David Vaknin Dec 2017

Ionic Depletion At The Crystalline Gibbs Layer Of Peg-Capped Gold Nanoparticle Brushes At Aqueous Surfaces, Wenjie Wang, Honghu Zhang, Surya Mallapragada, Alex Travesset, David Vaknin

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

In situ surface-sensitive x-ray diffraction and grazing incidence x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (GIXFS) methods are combined to determine the ionic distributions across the liquid/vapor interfaces of thiolated-polyethylene-glycol–capped gold nanoparticle (PEG-AuNP) solutions. Induced by the addition of salts (i.e., Cs2SO4) to PEG-AuNPs solutions, two-dimensional hexagonal lattices of PEG-AuNPs form spontaneously at the aqueous surfaces, as is demonstrated by x-ray reflectivity and grazing incidence small-angle x-ray scattering. By taking advantage of element specificity with the GIXFS method, we find that the cation Cs+ concentration at the crystalline film is significantly reduced in parts of the PEG-AuNP film compared with that ...


Numerical Studies Of Iron Based Superconductors Using Spin-Fermion Models, Christopher Brian Bishop Dec 2017

Numerical Studies Of Iron Based Superconductors Using Spin-Fermion Models, Christopher Brian Bishop

Doctoral Dissertations

The iron pnictide and iron chalchogenide superconductors are studied numerically using classical Monte Carlo techniques to reproduce experimental data and make predictions about the nature of the relevant interactions. The focus will be using Spin-Fermion models in a classical approximation to explore the phase diagram and calculate important physical properties of these materials over a wide range of temperatures.


From Pyrochlore To The Tripod Kagome Lattice: Magnetism Of New Compound Family A2re3sb3o14 (A = Mg, Zn; Re = Pr, Nd, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb), Zhiling Dun Dec 2017

From Pyrochlore To The Tripod Kagome Lattice: Magnetism Of New Compound Family A2re3sb3o14 (A = Mg, Zn; Re = Pr, Nd, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb), Zhiling Dun

Doctoral Dissertations

Geometrical frustration refers to the inability of a complex system to satisfy all its competing interactions within an underlying topological constrained lattice. The two-dimensional kagome lattice is one of the most frustrated lattices and has been a favorite in the theoretical condensed matter community. However, the large variety of exotic states predicted in kagome lattices lies in contrast to a paucity of experimental systems, making new kagome lattice compounds highly desired.

In this dissertation, I shall provide a systematic study of the structural and magnetic properties of a new compounds family, A2RE3Sb3O14 (A = Mg, Zn; RE = Pr, Nd, Gd, Tb ...


All-Optical Switching In Ferromagnetic Superlattices., Faren Hoveyda Marashi Dec 2017

All-Optical Switching In Ferromagnetic Superlattices., Faren Hoveyda Marashi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The unexpected observation of ultrafast demagnetization (UDM) and subsequent time-resolved studies of laser-induced magnetization switching opened a new door to both fundamental physics and technological applications of magnetic materials. All-optical switching (AOS) can be initiated faster than the precession limit, hinting to its potential in increasing the writing speed and data storage density. However, notwithstanding considerable research interest, the mechanism of AOS in ferromagnetic materials remained unclear.

Ferromagnetic superlattices were deposited on glass substrates with e-beam evaporation and sputtering. Magnetization curves were measured in magneto-optical and vibrating sample magnetometer experiments. A femtosecond Ti:S laser was utilized in a writing ...


Artificial Olfactory System For Multi-Component Analysis Of Gas Mixtures., Alexander Aleksandrovich Larin Dec 2017

Artificial Olfactory System For Multi-Component Analysis Of Gas Mixtures., Alexander Aleksandrovich Larin

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Gas analysis is an important part of our world and gas sensing technology is becoming more essential for various aspects of our life. A novel approach for gas mixture analysis by using portable gas chromatography in combination with an array of highly integrated and selective metal oxide (MOX) sensors has been studied. We developed a system with small size (7 x 13 x 16 inches), low power consumption (~10 W) and absence of special carrier gases designed for portable field analysis (assuming apriori calibration). Low ppb and even sub-ppb level of detection for some VOCs was achieved during the analysis ...


Generalized Ellipsometry On Complex Nanostructures And Low-Symmetry Materials, Alyssa Mock Dec 2017

Generalized Ellipsometry On Complex Nanostructures And Low-Symmetry Materials, Alyssa Mock

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

In this thesis, complex anisotropic materials are investigated and characterized by generalized ellipsometry. In recent years, anisotropic materials have gained considerable interest for novel applications in electronic and optoelectronic devices, mostly due to unique properties that originate from reduced crystal symmetry. Examples include white solid-state lighting devices which have become ubiquitous just recently, and the emergence of high-power, high-voltage electronic transistors and switches in all-electric vehicles. The incorporation of single crystalline material with low crystal symmetry into novel device structures requires reconsideration of existing optical characterization approaches. Here, the generalized ellipsometry concept is extended to include applications for materials with ...


Nmr Study Of The New Magnetic Superconductor Cak ( Fe 0.951 Ni 0.049 ) 4 As 4 : Microscopic Coexistence Of The Hedgehog Spin-Vortex Crystal And Superconductivity, Qing-Ping Ding, William R. Meier, A. E. Böhmer, S. L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield, Yuji Furukawa Dec 2017

Nmr Study Of The New Magnetic Superconductor Cak ( Fe 0.951 Ni 0.049 ) 4 As 4 : Microscopic Coexistence Of The Hedgehog Spin-Vortex Crystal And Superconductivity, Qing-Ping Ding, William R. Meier, A. E. Böhmer, S. L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield, Yuji Furukawa

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The coexistence of a new-type antiferromagnetic (AFM) state, the so-called hedgehog spin-vortex crystal (SVC), and superconductivity (SC) is evidenced by an 75 As nuclear magnetic resonance study on single-crystalline CaK ( Fe 0.951 Ni 0.049 ) 4 As 4 . The hedgehog SVC order is clearly demonstrated by the direct observation of internal magnetic induction along the c axis at the As1 site (close to K) and a zero net internal magnetic induction at the As2 site (close to Ca) below an AFM ordering temperature T N ∼ 52 K. The nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1 / T 1 shows a distinct decrease ...


Communication: Diverse Nanoscale Cluster Dynamics: Diffusion Of 2d Epitaxial Clusters, King C. Lai, James W. Evans, Da-Jiang Liu Nov 2017

Communication: Diverse Nanoscale Cluster Dynamics: Diffusion Of 2d Epitaxial Clusters, King C. Lai, James W. Evans, Da-Jiang Liu

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The dynamics of nanoscale clusters can be distinct from macroscale behavior described by continuum formalisms. For diffusion of 2D clusters of N atoms in homoepitaxial systems mediated by edge atom hopping, macroscale theory predicts simple monotonic size scaling of the diffusion coefficient, DN ∼ N−β, with β = 3/2. However, modeling for nanoclusters on metal(100) surfaces reveals that slow nucleation-mediated diffusion displaying weak size scaling β < 1 occurs for “perfect” sizes Np = L2 and L(L+1) for integer L = 3,4,… (with unique square or near-square ground state shapes), and also for Np+3, Np+4,…. In contrast, fast facile nucleation-free diffusion displaying strong size scaling β ≈ 2.5 occurs for sizes Np+1 and Np+2. DN versus N oscillates strongly between the slowest branch (for Np+3) and the fastest branch (for Np+1). All branches merge for N = O(102), but macroscale behavior is only achieved for much larger N = O(103). This analysis reveals the unprecedented diversity of behavior on the nanoscale.


In Situ Investigation Of Magnetism In Metastable Phases Of Levitated Fe83b17 During Solidification, D. G. Quirinale, D. Messina, G. E. Rustan, Andreas Kreyssig, Ruslan Prozorov, Alan I. Goldman Nov 2017

In Situ Investigation Of Magnetism In Metastable Phases Of Levitated Fe83b17 During Solidification, D. G. Quirinale, D. Messina, G. E. Rustan, Andreas Kreyssig, Ruslan Prozorov, Alan I. Goldman

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

In situ measurements of structure, density, and magnetization on samples of Fe83B17 using an electrostatic levitation furnace allow us to identify and correlate the magnetic and structural transitions in this system during its complex solidification process. In particular, we identify magnetic ordering in the metastable Fe23B6/ fcc Fe coherently grown structures and primitive tetragonal Fe3B metastable phase in addition to characterizing the equilibrium Fe2B phase. Our measurements demonstrate that the incorporation of a tunnel-diode oscillator circuit within an electrostatic levitation furnace enables investigations of the physical properties of high-temperature metastable structures.


Thickness-Dependent Energetics For Pb Adatoms On Low-Index Pb Nanofilm Surfaces: First-Principles Calculations, Wei Li, Li Huang, Raj Ganesh S. Pala, Guang-Hong Lu, Feng Liu, James W. Evans, Yong Han Nov 2017

Thickness-Dependent Energetics For Pb Adatoms On Low-Index Pb Nanofilm Surfaces: First-Principles Calculations, Wei Li, Li Huang, Raj Ganesh S. Pala, Guang-Hong Lu, Feng Liu, James W. Evans, Yong Han

Physics and Astronomy Publications

Adsorption, interaction, and diffusion of adatoms on surfaces control growth and relaxation of epitaxial nanostructures and nanofilms. Previous reports of key diffusion barriers for Pb diffusion on low-index Pb surfaces are limited in scope and accuracy. Thus, we apply density functional theory (DFT) to calculate the adsorption and diffusion energetics for a Pb adatom on Pb(111), Pb(100), and Pb(110) nanofilms with different thicknesses. We find that these quantities exhibit damped oscillatory variation with increasing film thickness. For Pb(111) films, energetics along the minimum energy path for Pb adatom diffusion between adjacent fcc and hcp sites varies ...


Emergent Bloch Excitations In Mott Matter, Nicola Lanatà, Tsung-Han Lee, Yong-Xin Yao, Vladimir Dobrosavljević Nov 2017

Emergent Bloch Excitations In Mott Matter, Nicola Lanatà, Tsung-Han Lee, Yong-Xin Yao, Vladimir Dobrosavljević

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

We develop a unified theoretical picture for excitations in Mott systems, portraying both the heavy quasiparticle excitations and the Hubbard bands as features of an emergent Fermi liquid state formed in an extended Hilbert space, which is nonperturbatively connected to the physical system. This observation sheds light on the fact that even the incoherent excitations in strongly correlated matter often display a well-defined Bloch character, with pronounced momentum dispersion. Furthermore, it indicates that the Mott point can be viewed as a topological transition, where the number of distinct dispersing bands displays a sudden change at the critical point. Our results ...


Surfaces And Epitaxial Films Of Corundum-Structured Mixed Metal Oxides., Alan Richard Kramer Nov 2017

Surfaces And Epitaxial Films Of Corundum-Structured Mixed Metal Oxides., Alan Richard Kramer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Throughout the last half century of materials science, significant motivations came from, and still do, the industrial applications of these materials. Whether it is electronic, thermal, tribological or chemical in nature, the study of metals, semiconductors and insulators eventually reveals that the surface plays a significant part in the properties of these materials. Understanding metal terminations reveals often that an oxide is the stable state of the metallic surface in an ambient atmosphere and the ability to predict and control these oxides has led to significant strides forward in not just the metallic bulk but the oxide as well.

Here ...


Epitaxial Thin Films Of Dirac Semimetal Antiperovskite Cu3Pdn, C. X. Quintela, N. Campbell, D. F. Shao, J. Irwin, D. T. Harris, L. Lie, T. J. Anderson, N. Reiser, X. Q. Pan, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, M. S. Rzchowski, C B. Eom Nov 2017

Epitaxial Thin Films Of Dirac Semimetal Antiperovskite Cu3Pdn, C. X. Quintela, N. Campbell, D. F. Shao, J. Irwin, D. T. Harris, L. Lie, T. J. Anderson, N. Reiser, X. Q. Pan, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, M. S. Rzchowski, C B. Eom

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

The growth and study of materials showing novel topological states of matter is one of the frontiers in condensed matter physics. Among this class of materials, the nitride antiperovskite Cu3PdN has been proposed as a new three-dimensional Dirac semimetal. However, the experimental realization of Cu3PdN and the consequent study of its electronic properties have been hindered due to the difficulty of synthesizing this material. In this study, we report fabrication and both structural and transport characterization of epitaxial Cu3PdN thin films grown on (001)-oriented SrTiO3 substrates by reactive magnetron sputtering and post-annealed ...


Superconducting Thin Films For The Enhancement Of Superconducting Radio Frequency Accelerator Cavities, Matthew Burton Nov 2017

Superconducting Thin Films For The Enhancement Of Superconducting Radio Frequency Accelerator Cavities, Matthew Burton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Bulk niobium (Nb) superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities are currently the preferred method for acceleration of charged particles at accelerating facilities around the world. However, bulk Nb cavities have poor thermal conductance, impose material and design restrictions on other components of a particle accelerator, have low reproducibility and are approaching the fundamental material-dependent accelerating field limit of approximately 50MV/m. Since the SRF phenomena occurs at surfaces within a shallow depth of ~1 µm, a proposed solution to this problem has been to utilize thin film technology to deposit superconducting thin films on the interior of cavities to engineer the ...


Dynamic Self-Assembly And Self-Organized Transport Of Magnetic Micro-Swimmers, Gašper Kokot, German Kolmakov V, Igor S. Aranson, Alexey Snezhko Nov 2017

Dynamic Self-Assembly And Self-Organized Transport Of Magnetic Micro-Swimmers, Gašper Kokot, German Kolmakov V, Igor S. Aranson, Alexey Snezhko

Publications and Research

We demonstrate experimentally and in computer simulations that magnetic microfloaters can self-organize into various functional structures while energized by an external alternating (ac) magnetic field. The structures exhibit self-propelled motion and an ability to carry a cargo along a pre-defined path. The morphology of the self-assembled swimmers is controlled by the frequency and amplitude of the magnetic field.


Heisenberg Model Analysis On Inelastic Powder Neutron Scattering Data Using Parent And K Doped Bamn2as2 Samples, Mehmet Ramazanoglu, Aashish Sapkota, Abhishek Pandey, Jagat Lamsal, Douglas L. Abernathy, Jennifer L. Niedziela, Matthew B. Stone, R. Salci, D. A. Acar, F. O. Oztirpan, Şener Ozonder, Andreas Kreyssig, Alan I. Goldman, David C. Johnston, Robert J. Mcqueeney Nov 2017

Heisenberg Model Analysis On Inelastic Powder Neutron Scattering Data Using Parent And K Doped Bamn2as2 Samples, Mehmet Ramazanoglu, Aashish Sapkota, Abhishek Pandey, Jagat Lamsal, Douglas L. Abernathy, Jennifer L. Niedziela, Matthew B. Stone, R. Salci, D. A. Acar, F. O. Oztirpan, Şener Ozonder, Andreas Kreyssig, Alan I. Goldman, David C. Johnston, Robert J. Mcqueeney

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Low temperature powder inelastic neutron scattering measurements were performed on three different powder samples; parent BaMn2As2,12.5% K-doped Ba0.875K0.125Mn2As2 and 25% K-doped Ba(0.75)K0.25Mn2As2. The Heisenberg Model involving J1‐J2‐Jz coupling constants were compared to the data by a powder integration routine using Monte Carlo integration methods. The best magnetic parameters were selected using a chi-square test where model intensities were compared to the full (q,E) dependence of magnetic scattering. A key step to this analysis is the characterization of the background which is formed mostly by phonon scattering intensities along with ...


Subsurface Bending And Reorientation Of Tilted Vortex Lattices In Bulk Isotropic Superconductors Due To Coulomb-Like Repulsion At The Surface, E. Herrera, I. Guillamon, J. A. Galvis, A. Correa, A. Fente, S. Vieira, H. Suderow, A. Yu. Martynovich, Vladimir G. Kogan Nov 2017

Subsurface Bending And Reorientation Of Tilted Vortex Lattices In Bulk Isotropic Superconductors Due To Coulomb-Like Repulsion At The Surface, E. Herrera, I. Guillamon, J. A. Galvis, A. Correa, A. Fente, S. Vieira, H. Suderow, A. Yu. Martynovich, Vladimir G. Kogan

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

We study vortex lattices (VLs) in superconducting weak-pinning platelet-like single crystals of β−Bi2Pdin tilted magnetic fields with a scanning tunneling microscope. We show that vortices exit the sample perpendicular to the surface and are thus bent beneath the surface. The structure and orientation of the tilted VLs in the bulk are, for large tilt angles, strongly affected by Coulomb-type intervortex repulsion at the surface due to stray magnetic fields.