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2011

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1939

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Terahertz Wireless Communication, Ke Su Dec 2011

Terahertz Wireless Communication, Ke Su

Dissertations

The goal of this thesis is to explore Terahertz (THz) wireless communication technology. More specifically the objective is to develop and characterize several THz communication systems and study the effect of atmosphere propagation through fog droplets and dust particles on THz communications.

For demonstration, a THz continuous wave (CW) photomixing system is designed. Terahertz signals are phase encoded with both analog ramp signals and pseudorandom binary data, transmitted over a short distance, and detected. The limitation of transmission bandwidth, low single to noise ratio, vibration effects are also analyzed. In order to study and compare propagation features of THz links ...


Superhalogen Properties Of Cumcln Clusters: Theory And Experiment, Y. J. Ko, H. Wang, K. Pradhan, P. Koirala, Anil K. Kandalam, K. H. Bowen, P. Jena Dec 2011

Superhalogen Properties Of Cumcln Clusters: Theory And Experiment, Y. J. Ko, H. Wang, K. Pradhan, P. Koirala, Anil K. Kandalam, K. H. Bowen, P. Jena

Physics

No abstract provided.


Band Symmetries And Singularities In Twisted Multilayer Graphene, Eugene J. Mele Dec 2011

Band Symmetries And Singularities In Twisted Multilayer Graphene, Eugene J. Mele

Department of Physics Papers

The electronic spectra of rotationally faulted graphene bilayers are calculated using a continuum formulation for small fault angles that identifies two distinct electronic states of the coupled system. The low-energy spectra of one state features a Fermi velocity reduction, which ultimately leads to pairwise annihilation and regeneration of its low-energy Dirac nodes. The physics in the complementary state is controlled by pseudospin selection rules that prevent a Fermi velocity renormalization and produce second generation symmetry-protected Dirac singularities in the spectrum. These results are compared with previous theoretical analyses and with experimental data.


A Cultured Greigite-Producing Magnetotactic Bacterium In A Novel Group Of Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria, Christopher T. Lefèvre, Nicholas Menguy, Fernanda Abreu, Ulysses Lins, Mihály Pósfai, Tanya Prozorov, David Pignol, Richard B. Frankel, Dennis A. Bazylinski Dec 2011

A Cultured Greigite-Producing Magnetotactic Bacterium In A Novel Group Of Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria, Christopher T. Lefèvre, Nicholas Menguy, Fernanda Abreu, Ulysses Lins, Mihály Pósfai, Tanya Prozorov, David Pignol, Richard B. Frankel, Dennis A. Bazylinski

Physics

Magnetotactic bacteria contain magnetosomes—intracellular, membrane-bounded, magnetic nanocrystals of magnetite (Fe3O4) or greigite (Fe3S4)—that cause the bacteria to swim along geomagnetic field lines. We isolated a greigite-producing magnetotactic bacterium from a brackish spring in Death Valley National Park, California, USA, strain BW-1, that is able to biomineralize greigite and magnetite depending on culture conditions. A phylogenetic comparison of BW-1 and similar uncultured greigite- and/or magnetite-producing magnetotactic bacteria from freshwater to hypersaline habitats shows that these organisms represent a previously unknown group of sulfate-reducing bacteria in the Deltaproteobacteria. Genomic analysis of BW-1 reveals ...


Unique Challenges Accompany Thick-Shell Cdse/Ncds (N > 10) Nanocrystal Synthesis, Yijun Guo, Kyle Marchuk, Siddharth Sampat, Rachel Abraham, Ning Fang, Anton V. Malko, Javier Vela Dec 2011

Unique Challenges Accompany Thick-Shell Cdse/Ncds (N > 10) Nanocrystal Synthesis, Yijun Guo, Kyle Marchuk, Siddharth Sampat, Rachel Abraham, Ning Fang, Anton V. Malko, Javier Vela

Chemistry Publications

Thick-shell CdSe/nCdS (n >10) nanocrystals were recently reported that show remarkably suppressed fluorescence intermittency or "blinking" at the single-particle level as well as slow rates of Auger decay. Unfortunately, whereas CdSe/nCdS nanocrystal synthesis is well-developed up to n < 6 CdS monolayers (MLs), reproducible syntheses for n > 10 MLs are less understood. Known procedures sometimes result in homogeneous CdS nucleation instead of heterogeneous, epitaxial CdS nucleation on CdSe, leading to broad and multimodal particle size distributions. Critically, obtained core/shell sizes are often below those desired. This article describes synthetic conditions specific to thick-shell growth (n> 10 and n> 20 MLs) on both small (sub2 nm) and ...


Computer-Aided, Multi-Modal, And Compression Diffuse Optical Studies Of Breast Tissue, David R. Busch Jr Dec 2011

Computer-Aided, Multi-Modal, And Compression Diffuse Optical Studies Of Breast Tissue, David R. Busch Jr

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Diffuse Optical Tomography and Spectroscopy permit measurement of important physiological parameters non-invasively through ~10 cm of tissue. I have applied these techniques in measurements of human breast and breast cancer. My thesis integrates three loosely connected themes in this context: multi-modal breast cancer imaging, automated data analysis of breast cancer images, and microvascular hemodynamics of breast under compression. As per the first theme, I describe construction, testing, and the initial clinical usage of two generations of imaging systems for simultaneous diffuse optical and magnetic resonance imaging. The second project develops a statistical analysis of optical breast data from many spatial ...


Are Three Flavors Special?, Joseph Schechter, Amir H. Fariborz, Renata Jora, M. Naeem Shahid Dec 2011

Are Three Flavors Special?, Joseph Schechter, Amir H. Fariborz, Renata Jora, M. Naeem Shahid

Physics

It has become clearer recently that the regular pattern of three flavor nonets describing the low spin meson multiplets seems to require some modification for the case of the spin 0 scalar mesons. One picture which has had some success, treats the scalars in a chiral Lagrangian framework and considers them to populate two nonets. These are, in turn, taken to result from the mixing of two "bare" nonets, one of which is of quark- antiquark type and the other of two quark- two antiquark type. Here we show that such a mixing is, before chiral symmetry breaking terms are ...


Kinetics Of The Electrical Discharge Pumped Oxygen-Iodine Laser, Matthew A. Lange Dec 2011

Kinetics Of The Electrical Discharge Pumped Oxygen-Iodine Laser, Matthew A. Lange

Theses and Dissertations

A systematic study of microwave discharges at 2.45 GHz has been performed through the pressure range of sustainable electric discharges in pure oxygen flows of 2 to 10 Torr. A corresponding study of 13.56 MHz has also been performed at pressures of 2, 4, and 7 Torr. Optical emissions from O2(a 1Δ), O2(b 1Σ), and O-atoms have been measured from the center of a μ-wave discharge. Discharge residence times from 0.1 to 5 ms have been reported. The O2(b 1Σ) emissions, with a spectral resolution of 0.01 nm, have been used to measure ...


Characterization And Discrimination Of Large Caliber Gun Blast And Flash Signatures, Bryan J. Steward Dec 2011

Characterization And Discrimination Of Large Caliber Gun Blast And Flash Signatures, Bryan J. Steward

Theses and Dissertations

Two hundred and one firings of three 152 mm howitzer munitions were observed to characterize firing signatures of a large caliber gun. Muzzle blast expansion was observed with high-speed (1600 Hz) optical imagery. The trajectory of the blast front was well approximated by a modified point-blast model described by constant rate of energy deposition. Visible and near-infrared (450 - 850 nm) spectra of secondary combustion were acquired at 0.75 nm spectral resolution and depict strong contaminant emissions including Li, Na, K, Cu, and Ca. The O2 (X-b) absorption band is evident in the blue wing of the potassium D lines ...


Electroluminescence Studies On Longwavelength Indium Arsenide Quantum Dot Microcavities Grown On Gallium Arsenide, John C. Ramsey Dec 2011

Electroluminescence Studies On Longwavelength Indium Arsenide Quantum Dot Microcavities Grown On Gallium Arsenide, John C. Ramsey

Theses and Dissertations

A comprehensive study of the electroluminescence of four GaAs/AlGaAs microcavity devices with InAs/GaInAs quantum dot active regions emitting near 1.3 micrometer was conducted. The four molecular beam epitaxial grown samples with AlAs oxide aperture confinement layers were fabricated, characterized, and optically modeled. Optical power transmission of the samples was modeled using Matlab and compared with measured transmission data. Resonant cavity light emitting diodes (RCLEDs) and three vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL) samples were fabricated and electro-optically characterized over a range of injection currents and temperatures. Devices achieved continuous wave room temperature lasing at 1.28 micrometer ...


Memory And Coupling In Nanocrystal Optoelectronic Devices, Jessamyn A. Fairfield Dec 2011

Memory And Coupling In Nanocrystal Optoelectronic Devices, Jessamyn A. Fairfield

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Optoelectronic devices incorporating semiconducting nanocrystals are promising for many potential applications. Nanocrystals whose size is below the exciton Bohr radius have optical absorption and emission that is tunable with size, due to the quantum confinement of the charge carriers. However, the same confinement that yields these optical properties also makes electrical conduction in a film of nanocrystals occur via tunneling, due to the high energy barrier between nanocrystals. Hence, the extraction of photo-generated charge carriers presents a significant challenge. Several approaches to optimizing the reliability and efficiency of optoelectronic devices using semiconducting nanocrystals are explored herein. Force microscopy is used ...


The Nanoaquarium: A Nanofluidic Platform For In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy In Liquid Media, Joseph M. Grogan Dec 2011

The Nanoaquarium: A Nanofluidic Platform For In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy In Liquid Media, Joseph M. Grogan

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

There are many scientifically interesting and technologically relevant nanoscale phenomena that take place in liquid media. Examples include aggregation and assembly of nanoparticles; colloidal crystal formation; liquid phase growth of structures such as nanowires; electrochemical deposition and etching for fabrication processes and battery applications; interfacial phenomena; boiling and cavitation; and biological interactions. Understanding of these fields would benefit greatly from real-time, in situ transmission electron microscope (TEM) imaging with nanoscale resolution. Most liquids cannot be imaged by traditional TEM due to evaporation in the high vacuum environment and the requirement that samples be very thin. Liquid-cell in situ TEM has ...


Formation Of Organized Nanostructures From Unstable Bilayers Of Thin Metallic Liquids, Mikhail Khenner, Sagar Yadavali, Ramki Kalyanaraman Dec 2011

Formation Of Organized Nanostructures From Unstable Bilayers Of Thin Metallic Liquids, Mikhail Khenner, Sagar Yadavali, Ramki Kalyanaraman

Mathematics Faculty Publications

Dewetting of pulsed-laser irradiated, thin (< 20 nm), optically reflective metallic bilayers on an optically transparent substrate with a reflective support layer is studied within the lubrication equations model. A steady-state bilayer film thickness (h) dependent temperature profile is derived based on the mean substrate temperature estimated from the elaborate thermal model of transient heating and melting/freezing. Large thermocapillary forces are observed along the plane of the liquid-liquid and liquid-gas interfaces due to this h-dependent temperature, which, in turn, is strongly influenced by the h-dependent laser light reflection and absorption. Consequently the dewetting is a result of the competition between thermocapillary and intermolecular forces. A linear analysis of the dewetting length scales established that the non-isothermal calculations better predict the experimental results as compared to the isothermal case within the bounding Hamaker coefficients. Subsequently, a computational non-linear dynamics study of the dewetting pathway was performed for Ag/Co and Co/Ag bilayer systems to predict the morphology evolution. We found that the systems evolve towards formation of different morphologies, including core-shell, embedded, or stacked nanostructure morphologies.


Helical Luttinger Liquids And Three-Dimensional Black Holes, Vijay Balasubramanian, Iñaki García-Etxebarria, Finn Larsen, Joan Simón Dec 2011

Helical Luttinger Liquids And Three-Dimensional Black Holes, Vijay Balasubramanian, Iñaki García-Etxebarria, Finn Larsen, Joan Simón

Department of Physics Papers

We use the AdS/CFT correspondence to discuss an equivalence between a helical, strongly coupled Luttinger liquid and a fermion propagating in the background of a topologically charged black hole in three dimensions. The Fermi level is set by the topological charges, thus surmounting difficulties in low dimensions of the standard approach using Coulomb charged black holes. The construction is fully embeddable in string theory, and the microscopic Lagrangian is explicitly known. The retarded Green function at low temperature and energy arises from the geometry very near the black hole horizon, a structure that is universal for all cold, charged ...


Ordered Phases In Ruthenium Binary Alloys From High-Throughput First-Principles Calculations, Gus L. W. Hart, Lance J. Nelson, Michal Jahnátek, Ohad Levy, Roman V. Chepulskii, J. Xue, Stephano Curtarolo Dec 2011

Ordered Phases In Ruthenium Binary Alloys From High-Throughput First-Principles Calculations, Gus L. W. Hart, Lance J. Nelson, Michal Jahnátek, Ohad Levy, Roman V. Chepulskii, J. Xue, Stephano Curtarolo

Faculty Publications

Despite the increasing importance of ruthenium in numerous technological applications, e.g., catalysis and electronic devices, experimental and computational data on its binary alloys are sparse. In particular, data are scant on those binary systems believed to be phase-separating. We performed a comprehensive study of ruthenium binary systems with the 28 transition metals, using high-throughput first-principles calculations. These computations predict novel unsuspected compounds in 7 of the 16 binary systems previously believed to be phase-separating and in two of the three systems reported with only a high-temperature σ phase. They also predict a few unreported compounds in five additional systems ...


Formation Of Organized Nanostructures From Unstable Bilayers Of Thin Metallic Liquids, Mikhail Khenner, Sagar Yadavali, Ramki Kalyanaraman Dec 2011

Formation Of Organized Nanostructures From Unstable Bilayers Of Thin Metallic Liquids, Mikhail Khenner, Sagar Yadavali, Ramki Kalyanaraman

Mikhail Khenner

Dewetting of pulsed-laser irradiated, thin (< 20 nm), optically reflective metallic bilayers on an optically transparent substrate with a reflective support layer is studied within the lubrication equations model. A steady-state bilayer film thickness (h) dependent temperature profile is derived based on the mean substrate temperature estimated from the elaborate thermal model of transient heating and melting/freezing. Large thermocapillary forces are observed along the plane of the liquid-liquid and liquid-gas interfaces due to this h-dependent temperature, which, in turn, is strongly influenced by the h-dependent laser light reflection and absorption. Consequently the dewetting is a result of the competition between thermocapillary and intermolecular forces. A linear analysis of the dewetting length scales established that the non-isothermal calculations better predict the experimental results as compared to the isothermal case within the bounding Hamaker coefficients. Subsequently, a computational non-linear dynamics study of the dewetting pathway was performed for Ag/Co and Co/Ag bilayer systems to predict the morphology evolution. We found that the systems evolve towards formation of different morphologies, including core-shell, embedded, or stacked nanostructure morphologies.


Determining Magnetic Nanoparticle Size Distributions From Thermomagnetic Measurements, R. Dipietro, H. Johnson, S. Bennett, T. Nummy, L. Lewis, D. Heiman Dec 2011

Determining Magnetic Nanoparticle Size Distributions From Thermomagnetic Measurements, R. Dipietro, H. Johnson, S. Bennett, T. Nummy, L. Lewis, D. Heiman

Laura H. Lewis

Thermomagnetic measurements are used to obtain the size distribution and anisotropy of magnetic nanoparticles. An analytical transformation method is described which utilizes temperature-dependent zero-field cooling (ZFC) magnetization data to provide a quantitative measurement of the average diameter and relative abundance of superparamagnetic nanoparticles. Applying this method to self-assembled MnAs nanoparticles in MnAs-GaAs composite films reveals a log-normal size distribution and reduced anisotropy for nanoparticles compared to bulk materials. This analytical technique holds promise for rapid assessment of the size distribution of an ensemble of superparamagnetic nanoparticles.


Determining Magnetic Nanoparticle Size Distributions From Thermomagnetic Measurements., R. S. Dipietro, H. G. Johnson, S. P. Bennett, T. J. Nummy, L. H. Lewis, D. Heiman Dec 2011

Determining Magnetic Nanoparticle Size Distributions From Thermomagnetic Measurements., R. S. Dipietro, H. G. Johnson, S. P. Bennett, T. J. Nummy, L. H. Lewis, D. Heiman

Laura H. Lewis

Thermomagnetic measurements are used to obtain the size distribution and anisotropy of magnetic nanoparticles. An analytical transformation method is described which utilizes temperature-dependent zero-field cooling magnetization data to provide a quantitative measurement of the average diameter and relative abundance of superparamagnetic nanoparticles. Applying this method to self-assembled MnAs nanoparticles in MnAs–GaAs composite films reveals a log-normal size distribution and reduced anisotropy for nanoparticles compared to bulk materials. This analytical technique holds promise for rapid assessment of the size distribution of an ensemble of superparamagnetic nanoparticles.


Magnetic Signature Of Symmetry Reduction In Epitaxial La₀.₆₇Sr₀.₃₃Mno₃ Films, Radhika Barua, L. Lewis, D. Heiman Dec 2011

Magnetic Signature Of Symmetry Reduction In Epitaxial La₀.₆₇Sr₀.₃₃Mno₃ Films, Radhika Barua, L. Lewis, D. Heiman

Laura H. Lewis

The magnetic properties of epitaxially grown La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 perovskite thin films were investigated to elucidate an unexpected broken symmetry between orthogonal [100] and [010] inplane directions, resulting from the magnetostructural coupling between the film and the cubic SrTiO3 (001) substrate. The films were synthesized by molecular beam epitaxy with either complete or zero A-site cation disorder. Magnetization measured in [100] and [010] directions shows differences that signal a reduction of the in-plane cubic symmetry only for T < 290 K. The magnetization asymmetry is more robust in the film with complete A-site disorder. These results are attributed to a dominant ...


Universal Properties Of Linear Magnetoresistance In Strongly Disordered Mnas-Gaas Composite Semiconductors, H. G. Johnson, S. P. Bennett, R. Barua, L. H. Lewis, D. Heiman Dec 2011

Universal Properties Of Linear Magnetoresistance In Strongly Disordered Mnas-Gaas Composite Semiconductors, H. G. Johnson, S. P. Bennett, R. Barua, L. H. Lewis, D. Heiman

Laura H. Lewis

Linear magnetoresistance (LMR) occurs in semiconductors as a consequence of strong electrical disorder and is characterized by nonsaturating magnetoresistance that is proportional to the applied magnetic field. By investigating a disordered MnAs-GaAs composite material, it is found that the magnitude of the LMR is numerically equal to the carrier mobility over a wide range and is independent of carrier density. This behavior is complementary to the Hall effect that is independent of the mobility and dependent on the carrier density. Moreover, the LMR appears to be insensitive to the details of the disorder and points to a universal explanation of ...


Determining Magnetic Nanoparticle Size Distributions From Thermomagnetic Measurements., R. S. Dipietro, H. G. Johnson, S. P. Bennett, T. J. Nummy, L. H. Lewis, D. Heiman Dec 2011

Determining Magnetic Nanoparticle Size Distributions From Thermomagnetic Measurements., R. S. Dipietro, H. G. Johnson, S. P. Bennett, T. J. Nummy, L. H. Lewis, D. Heiman

Donald Heiman

Thermomagnetic measurements are used to obtain the size distribution and anisotropy of magnetic nanoparticles. An analytical transformation method is described which utilizes temperature-dependent zero-field cooling magnetization data to provide a quantitative measurement of the average diameter and relative abundance of superparamagnetic nanoparticles. Applying this method to self-assembled MnAs nanoparticles in MnAs–GaAs composite films reveals a log-normal size distribution and reduced anisotropy for nanoparticles compared to bulk materials. This analytical technique holds promise for rapid assessment of the size distribution of an ensemble of superparamagnetic nanoparticles.


Magnetotransport Properties Of Mn-Si-C Based Nanostructures, Sungmu Kang, Greg A. Brewer, Battogtokh Jugdersuren, Robert Dipietro, Don Heiman, Andrew C. Buechele, David A. Mckeown, Ian L. Pegg, John Philip Dec 2011

Magnetotransport Properties Of Mn-Si-C Based Nanostructures, Sungmu Kang, Greg A. Brewer, Battogtokh Jugdersuren, Robert Dipietro, Don Heiman, Andrew C. Buechele, David A. Mckeown, Ian L. Pegg, John Philip

Donald Heiman

Boron-incorporated Mn5SiC nanowires were grown using chemical vapor deposition method. The nanowire cluster exhibits magnetic hysteresis loops at room temperature and the strength of the magnetic behavior depends on the concentration of the boron incorporation. Mn5SiC nanowire-based devices exhibit spin dependent transport properties which shows significant changes with boron content. Large magnetoresistance is observed in lightly boron-incorporated nanowire devices and it decreases with increase in boron content.


Magnetic Signature Of Symmetry Reduction In Epitaxial La₀.₆₇Sr₀.₃₃Mno₃ Films, Radhika Barua, L. H. Lewis, D. Heiman Dec 2011

Magnetic Signature Of Symmetry Reduction In Epitaxial La₀.₆₇Sr₀.₃₃Mno₃ Films, Radhika Barua, L. H. Lewis, D. Heiman

Donald Heiman

The magnetic properties of epitaxially grown La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 perovskite thin films were investigated to elucidate an unexpected broken symmetry between orthogonal [100] and [010] inplane directions, resulting from the magnetostructural coupling between the film and the cubic SrTiO3 (001) substrate. The films were synthesized by molecular beam epitaxy with either complete or zero A-site cation disorder. Magnetization measured in [100] and [010] directions shows differences that signal a reduction of the in-plane cubic symmetry only for T < 290 K. The magnetization asymmetry is more robust in the film with complete A-site disorder. These results are attributed to a dominant ...


Universal Properties Of Linear Magnetoresistance In Strongly Disordered Mnas-Gaas Composite Semiconductors, H. Johnson, S. Bennett, R. Barua, L. Lewis, D. Heiman Dec 2011

Universal Properties Of Linear Magnetoresistance In Strongly Disordered Mnas-Gaas Composite Semiconductors, H. Johnson, S. Bennett, R. Barua, L. Lewis, D. Heiman

Donald Heiman

Linear magnetoresistance (LMR) occurs in semiconductors as a consequence of strong electrical disorder and is characterized by nonsaturating magnetoresistance that is proportional to the applied magnetic field. By investigating a disordered MnAs-GaAs composite material, it is found that the magnitude of the LMR is numerically equal to the carrier mobility over a wide range and is independent of carrier density. This behavior is complementary to the Hall effect that is independent of the mobility and dependent on the carrier density. Moreover, the LMR appears to be insensitive to the details of the disorder and points to a universal explanation of ...


Large Low Field Magnetoresistance In La₀.₆₇Sr₀.₃₃Mno₃ Nanowire Devices, Battogtokh Jugdersuren, Sungmu Kang, Robert S. Dipietro, Don Heiman, David Mckeown, Ian L. Pegg, John Philip Dec 2011

Large Low Field Magnetoresistance In La₀.₆₇Sr₀.₃₃Mno₃ Nanowire Devices, Battogtokh Jugdersuren, Sungmu Kang, Robert S. Dipietro, Don Heiman, David Mckeown, Ian L. Pegg, John Philip

Donald Heiman

Large low field magnetoresistance (LFMR) of about 28% is observed in La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 nanowires with 80 nm in diameter at T = 300 K. A gradual decrease in the LFMR has been found with increase in wire diameter. The LFMR drops to zero for wires above 280 nm in diameter. The nanowires are grown by means of electrospinning process and exhibit distorted orthorhombic crystal structure. The large LFMR is considered as a grain boundary effect as observed in several perovskite systems. The large LFMR observed in these manganites with reduced dimensions may be useful for room temperature device applications.


Large Coercivity In Nanostructured Rare-Earth-Free Mnxga Films, Don Heiman, Tom Nummy, Steve Bennett, Tom Cardinal Dec 2011

Large Coercivity In Nanostructured Rare-Earth-Free Mnxga Films, Don Heiman, Tom Nummy, Steve Bennett, Tom Cardinal

Donald Heiman

The magnetic hysteresis of MnxGa films exhibit remarkably large coercive fields as high as HC=2.5 T when fabricated with nanoscale particles of a suitable size and orientation. This coercivity is an order of magnitude larger than in well-ordered epitaxial film counterparts and bulk materials. The enhanced coercivity is attributed to the combination of large magnetocrystalline anisotropy and ~50-100 nm size nanoparticles. The large coercivity is also replicated in the electrical properties through the anomalous Hall effect. The magnitude of the coercivity approaches that found in rare-earth magnets, making them attractive for rare-earth-free magnet applications.


Statistical Spectral Parameter Estimation Of Acoustic Signals With Applications To Byzantine Music, Kyriakos Michael Tsiappoutas Dec 2011

Statistical Spectral Parameter Estimation Of Acoustic Signals With Applications To Byzantine Music, Kyriakos Michael Tsiappoutas

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Digitized acoustical signals of Byzantine music performed by Iakovos Nafpliotis are used to extract the fundamental frequency of each note of the diatonic scale. These empirical results are then contrasted to the theoretical suggestions and previous empirical findings. Several parametric and non-parametric spectral parameter estimation methods are implemented. These include: (1) Phase vocoder method, (2) McAulay-Quatieri method, (3) Levinson-Durbin algorithm,(4) YIN, (5) Quinn & Fernandes Estimator, (6) Pisarenko Frequency Estimator, (7) MUltiple SIgnal Characterization (MUSIC) algorithm, (8) Periodogram method, (9) Quinn & Fernandes Filtered Periodogram, (10) Rife & Vincent Estimator, and (11) the Fourier transform. Algorithm performance was very precise. The psychophysical ...


Predicted Diurnal Variations Of Electron Density For Three High-Latitude Incoherent Scatter Radars, Jan Josef Sojka, Robert W. Schunk Dec 2011

Predicted Diurnal Variations Of Electron Density For Three High-Latitude Incoherent Scatter Radars, Jan Josef Sojka, Robert W. Schunk

Jan J. Sojka

We have used a high‐latitude ionospheric model to predict the diurnal variations of electron density that should be observed by the EISCAT, Chatanika and Millstone Hill incoherent scatter facilities. Our calculations were for a strong convection model without substorms. Our results provide an indication of the quantitative differences in measured electron density that are expected when the three radars probe the high‐latitude ionosphere simultaneously. The differences are significant and vary with altitude, latitude, local time, and season, and are associated with the UT dependence of the high‐latitude ionosphere which results from the displacement between the geomagnetic and ...


Photocatalytic Activity Of Zinc Oxide Thin Films Prepared By Dc Sputter Deposition And Thermal Oxidation, Robert Louder Dec 2011

Photocatalytic Activity Of Zinc Oxide Thin Films Prepared By Dc Sputter Deposition And Thermal Oxidation, Robert Louder

Honors Theses

Zinc oxide (ZnO) is a wide-bandgap semiconductor with a broad range of applications, such as photocatalysis. The photocatalytic properties of ZnO result from the highly oxidizing holes and reducing electrons that are induced on the ZnO surface by ultraviolet (UV) light. The efficiency of electron-hole pair formation is therefore critical for photocatalysis, and thus the optical quality of the films in the UV region is of critical importance. ZnO thin films have been fabricated using DC sputter deposition of Zn-metal films followed by thermal oxidation at different temperatures (300, 600, and 900°C). Characterization of the optical properties of the ...


Multimessenger Astronomy: Modeling Gravitational And Electromagnetic Radiation From A Stellar Binary System, Kevin Kern Dec 2011

Multimessenger Astronomy: Modeling Gravitational And Electromagnetic Radiation From A Stellar Binary System, Kevin Kern

Honors Theses

Our Solar System is one of roughly 100 billion other stars that make up the Milky Way Galaxy. Two-thirds of all stars are paired off, forming a gravitational bond between one another. Such systems are known as stellar binaries. Although these binaries are prevalent there is much yet to be learned about their formation, evolution, and interactions. The approach taken in this thesis is to produce simulated data representing the expected measurements that an observational astronomer would collect. Specifically, we have simulated the data from an eclipsing binary light curve, spectroscopic velocity curve, and the gravitational wave times series form ...