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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Upper Bounds On Parity-Violating Gamma-Ray Asymmetries In Compound Nuclei From Polarized Cold Neutron Capture, M. T. Gericke, J. D. Bowman, R. D. Carlini, T. E. Chupp, K. P. Coulter, M. Dabaghyan, M. Dawkins, D. Desai, S. J. Freedman, T. R. Gentile, R. C. Gillis, G. L. Greene, F. W. Hersman, T. Ino, Gordon L. Jones, M. Kandes, B. Lauss, M. Leuschner, W. R. Lozowski, R. Mahurin, M. Mason, Y. Masuda, G. S. Mitchell, S. Muto, H. Nann, S. A. Page, S. I. Penttila, W. D. Ramsay, S. Santra, P.-N. Seo, E. I. Sharapov, T. B. Smith, W. M. Snow, W. S. Wilburn, V. Yuan, H. Zhu Dec 2006

Upper Bounds On Parity-Violating Gamma-Ray Asymmetries In Compound Nuclei From Polarized Cold Neutron Capture, M. T. Gericke, J. D. Bowman, R. D. Carlini, T. E. Chupp, K. P. Coulter, M. Dabaghyan, M. Dawkins, D. Desai, S. J. Freedman, T. R. Gentile, R. C. Gillis, G. L. Greene, F. W. Hersman, T. Ino, Gordon L. Jones, M. Kandes, B. Lauss, M. Leuschner, W. R. Lozowski, R. Mahurin, M. Mason, Y. Masuda, G. S. Mitchell, S. Muto, H. Nann, S. A. Page, S. I. Penttila, W. D. Ramsay, S. Santra, P.-N. Seo, E. I. Sharapov, T. B. Smith, W. M. Snow, W. S. Wilburn, V. Yuan, H. Zhu

Articles

Parity-odd asymmetries in the electromagnetic decays of compound nuclei can sometimes be amplified above values expected from simple dimensional estimates by the complexity of compound nuclear states. Using a statistical approach, we estimate the root-mean-square of the distribution of expected parity-odd correlations (s) over right arrow (n)center dot(k) over right arrow (gamma), where (s) over right arrow (n) is the neutron spin and (k) over right arrow (gamma) is the momentum of the gamma, in the integrated gamma spectrum from the capture of cold polarized neutrons on Al, Cu, and In. We present measurements of the asymmetries in ...


Theory Of Cavity-Polariton Self-Trapping And Optical Strain In Polymer Chains, M. V. Katkov, Yuriy V. Pershin Dr, C. Piermarocchi Dec 2006

Theory Of Cavity-Polariton Self-Trapping And Optical Strain In Polymer Chains, M. V. Katkov, Yuriy V. Pershin Dr, C. Piermarocchi

Faculty Publications

We consider a semiconductor polymer chain coupled to a single electromagnetic mode in a cavity. The excitations of the chain have a mixed exciton-photon character and are described as polaritons. Polaritons are coupled to the lattice by the deformation potential interaction and can propagate in the chain. We find that the presence of optical excitation in the polymer induces strain on the lattice. We use a BCS variational wave function to calculate the chemical potential of the polaritons as a function of their density. We analyze first the case of a short chain with only two unit cells in order ...


Casimir Forces And Non-Newtonian Gravitation, Roberto Onofrio Oct 2006

Casimir Forces And Non-Newtonian Gravitation, Roberto Onofrio

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

The search for non-relativistic deviations from Newtonian gravitation can lead to new phenomena signalling the unification of gravity with the other fundamental interactions. Various recent theoretical frameworks indicate a possible window for non-Newtonian forces with gravitational coupling strength in the micrometre range. The major expected background in the same range is attributable to the Casimir force or variants of it if dielectric materials, rather than conducting ones, are considered. Here we review the measurements of the Casimir force performed so far in the micrometre range and how they determine constraints on non-Newtonian gravitation, also discussing the dominant sources of false ...


A Simple Electric Field Probe In A Gauss's Law Laboratory, Daniel O. Ludwigsen, Gregory N. Hassold Oct 2006

A Simple Electric Field Probe In A Gauss's Law Laboratory, Daniel O. Ludwigsen, Gregory N. Hassold

Physics Publications

Early in our calculus-based introductory course, students are introduced to electric fields and sometimes struggle with the abstraction of a vector field. They have less familiarity with the phenomena associated with electric fields, and the connection between phenomena and mathematical formalism is weaker. Our very next topic is Gauss's law.


Evolution Of The Electron Yield Curves Of Insulators As A Function Of Impinging Electron Fluence And Energy, Jr Dennison, Alec Sim, Clint Thomson Oct 2006

Evolution Of The Electron Yield Curves Of Insulators As A Function Of Impinging Electron Fluence And Energy, Jr Dennison, Alec Sim, Clint Thomson

All Physics Faculty Publications

Electron emission and concomitant charge accumulation near the surface of insulators is central to understanding spacecraft charging. A study of changes in electron emission yields as a result of internal charge buildup due to electron dose is presented. Evolution of total, backscattered, and secondary yield results over a broad range of incident energies are presented for two representative insulators, Kapton and Al2O3. Reliable yield curves for uncharged insulators are measured, and quantifiable changes in yields are observed due to <100-fC/mm2 fluences. Excellent agreement with a phenomenological argument based on insulator charging predicted by the yield curve is ...


Certifications Offered By Cost Estimating Organizations, Donald S. Remer, Karen M. Ahle, Kevin J. Alley, John Silny, Karen Hsin Oct 2006

Certifications Offered By Cost Estimating Organizations, Donald S. Remer, Karen M. Ahle, Kevin J. Alley, John Silny, Karen Hsin

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

There has been an increasing trend in professional and engineering circles to place greater emphasis on official credentials. These credentials commonly come in the form of certificates – documented recognition by a professional body that an engineer or other professional has the qualifications and technical knowledge to be a practitioner in that field. These certificates are somewhat analogous to merit badges in scouting – the certification is evidence that the holder has a certain minimum level of competence in the subject area. This review will help you decide what certifications are applicable to you and the requirements to obtain a certification.


Positive Current Correlations Associated With Super-Poissonian Shot Noise, Yuanzhen Chen, Richard A. Webb Aug 2006

Positive Current Correlations Associated With Super-Poissonian Shot Noise, Yuanzhen Chen, Richard A. Webb

Faculty Publications

We report on shot noise cross spectrum measurements in a beam splitter configuration. Electrons tunneling through potential barriers are incident on a beam splitter and scattered into two separate channels. Such a partition process introduces correlations between the fluctuations of the two currents. Our work has confirmed that the generally expected negative correlations resulted from sub-Poissonian electron sources. More interestingly, positive cross correlations associated with barriers exhibiting super-Poissonian shot noise have also been observed. We have found that both positive and negative correlations can be related to the noise properties of the electron source.


Temperature And Magnetic-Field Dependence Of The Elastic Constants Of Ni-Mn-Al Magnetic Heusler Alloys, Xavier Moya, Lluís Mañosa, Antoni Planes, Thorsten Krenke, Mehmet Acet, Michel Morin, Jerel L. Zarestky, Thomas A. Lograsso Jul 2006

Temperature And Magnetic-Field Dependence Of The Elastic Constants Of Ni-Mn-Al Magnetic Heusler Alloys, Xavier Moya, Lluís Mañosa, Antoni Planes, Thorsten Krenke, Mehmet Acet, Michel Morin, Jerel L. Zarestky, Thomas A. Lograsso

Ames Laboratory Publications

We report on measurements of the adiabatic second-order elastic constants of the off-stoichiometric Ni54Mn23Al23 single-crystalline Heusler alloy. The variation in the temperature dependence of the elastic constants has been investigated across the magnetic transition and over a broad temperature range. Anomalies in the temperature behavior of the elastic constants have been found in the vicinity of the magnetic phase transition. Measurements under applied magnetic field, both isothermal and variable temperature, show that the value of the elastic constants depends on magnetic order, thus giving evidence for magnetoelastic coupling in this alloy system.


Engaging Physics Students Using Environmental Lab Modules, John M. Pratte May 2006

Engaging Physics Students Using Environmental Lab Modules, John M. Pratte

Faculty Publications

Discusses multi-week activity modules that use civic engagement to increase student interest and learning in physics. Components of the modules; Activities included in the modules; Assessment of student learning and interest using the modules.


Electron-Impact Ionization Of L-Shell Atomic Species, Abul Kalam Fazlul Haque, M A. Uddin, A K. Basak, Khondkar R. Karim, B C. Saha, F B. Malik May 2006

Electron-Impact Ionization Of L-Shell Atomic Species, Abul Kalam Fazlul Haque, M A. Uddin, A K. Basak, Khondkar R. Karim, B C. Saha, F B. Malik

Faculty publications – Physics

Electron impact ionization cross sections (EIICS) of 30 L-shell targets, with open- and closed-shell configurations in the isoelectronic sequences ranging from Li to Ne, are evaluated using the generalized parameters of our recent modification of BELL formula (MBELL) [Haque , Phys. Rev. A 73, 012708 (2006)]. Three sets of parameters, one each for the 1s, 2s, and 2p orbits, provide an excellent account of the experimental EIICS data of atomic targets, neutral and ionic, up to the atomic number Z=92 and incident energies up to about 250 MeV. In comparison with the quantum mechanical predictions, it is found that the ...


General Classification And Analysis Of Neutron Β-Decay Experiments, Vladimir Gudkov, G. L. Greene, J. R. Calarco Mar 2006

General Classification And Analysis Of Neutron Β-Decay Experiments, Vladimir Gudkov, G. L. Greene, J. R. Calarco

Faculty Publications

A general analysis of the sensitivities of neutron β-decay experiments to manifestations of possible interaction beyond the standard model is carried out. In a consistent fashion, we take into account all known radiative and recoil corrections arising in the standard model. This provides a description of angular correlations in neutron decay in terms of one parameter, which is accurate to the level of ~10-5. Based on this general expression, we present an analysis of the sensitivities to new physics for selected neutron decay experiments. We emphasize that the usual parametrization of experiments in terms of the tree-level coefficients a ...


A Temporal Approximate Deconvolution Model For Large-Eddy Simulation, C. D. Pruett, B. C. Thomas, C. E. Grosch, T. B. Gatski Feb 2006

A Temporal Approximate Deconvolution Model For Large-Eddy Simulation, C. D. Pruett, B. C. Thomas, C. E. Grosch, T. B. Gatski

CCPO Publications

A temporal approximate deconvolution model (TADM) is developed for large-eddy simulation and is demonstrated for plane-channel flow at Re-tau=590. The TADM combines explicit causal time-domain filtering with linear deconvolution (defiltering) to approximate unfiltered fields and residual stress to arbitrarily high order. The TADM methodology appears to lead to a robust family of residual-stress models that should provide a viable alternative to conventional (spatial) filtering for applications in which spatial filtering is problematic, e.g., for problems requiring unstructured or highly stretched grids. (c) 2006 American Institute of Physics.


Full Shot Noise In Mesoscopic Tunnel Barriers, Yuanzhen Chen, Richard A. Webb Jan 2006

Full Shot Noise In Mesoscopic Tunnel Barriers, Yuanzhen Chen, Richard A. Webb

Faculty Publications

We report shot noise measurements performed in mesoscopic tunnel barriers fabricated in a GaAs∕AlGaAs heterostructure. Two sets of tunnel barriers of different size are used in the study. All large size samples and some of the small size samples show a nonlinear dependence of shot noise on tunneling current due to localized states inside the barriers. Both suppression and enhancement of shot noise have been observed. Some small size barriers, however, exhibit the shot noise behavior of an ideal tunnel barrier over a wide range of barrier transmission coefficients, tunneling currents, and bias voltages.


Lifetimes Of C-60(2-) And C-70(2-) Dianions In A Storage Ring, S. Tomita, J. U. Andersen, H. Cederquist, B. Concina, Olof E. Echt, J. S. Forster, K. Hansen, B. A. Huber, P. Hvelplund, J. Jensen, B. Liu, B. Manil, L. Maunoury Jan 2006

Lifetimes Of C-60(2-) And C-70(2-) Dianions In A Storage Ring, S. Tomita, J. U. Andersen, H. Cederquist, B. Concina, Olof E. Echt, J. S. Forster, K. Hansen, B. A. Huber, P. Hvelplund, J. Jensen, B. Liu, B. Manil, L. Maunoury

Physics Scholarship

C-60(2-) and C-70(2-) dianions have been produced by electrospray of the monoanions and subsequent electron pickup in a Na vapor cell. The dianions were stored in an electrostatic ring and their decay by electron emission was measured up to 1 s after injection. While C-70(2-) ions are stable on this time scale, except for a small fraction of the ions which have been excited by gas collisions, most of the C-60(2-) ions decay on a millisecond time scale, with a lifetime depending strongly on their internal temperature. The results can be modeled as decay by electron ...


Empirical Model For The Electron-Impact K-Shell-Ionization Cross Sections, A K. F Haque, M A. Uddin, A K. Basak, K R. Karim, B C. Saha Jan 2006

Empirical Model For The Electron-Impact K-Shell-Ionization Cross Sections, A K. F Haque, M A. Uddin, A K. Basak, K R. Karim, B C. Saha

Faculty publications – Physics

The total cross sections of electron-impact single-K-shell ionization of 14 atomic targets ranging from H to U (1 <= Z <= 92) are calculated using a modified version of the BELI formula [Bell , J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 12, 891 (1983)] by incorporating both ionic and relativistic corrections in it. The proposed modified Bell model with a single set of parameters is found to provide an excellent description of the experimental data in the reduced energy range 1 <= E/I-K <= 10(6) (E and I-K are, respectively, the incident energy and ionization potential) with a performance level at least as good as any of the existing methods and models.


Search For Multi-Photon Signatures Of A Higgs Boson In Ppbar Collisions At Sqrt(S) = 1.96 Tev , Oleksiy Vladimirovich Atramentov Jan 2006

Search For Multi-Photon Signatures Of A Higgs Boson In Ppbar Collisions At Sqrt(S) = 1.96 Tev , Oleksiy Vladimirovich Atramentov

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

We have performed a search for a fermiophobic Higgs boson in tri-photon events. The study has been performed on 0.83 fb-1 of data collected with the DZero detector at the Tevatron collider, the world's highest energy accelerator. The study was motivated by the recent phenomenological study that suggests that at presently attained energies and statistics new Higgs production mechanisms become experimentally accessible. All backgrounds were estimated from the data in a self consistent manner. We observed zero tri-photon events and expected 0.5 +/- 0.2 from the Standard Model processes. Therefore, we set 95% CL upper limit on ...