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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Optically Thin Broad-Line Clouds In Active Galactic Nuclei, Joseph C. Shields, Gary J. Ferland, Bradley M. Peterson Mar 1995

Optically Thin Broad-Line Clouds In Active Galactic Nuclei, Joseph C. Shields, Gary J. Ferland, Bradley M. Peterson

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The broad-line region (BLR) in Seyfert galaxy nuclei exhibits correlated variations in continuum and emission-line luminosity that are qualitatively consistent with photoionization of ionization-bounded (optically thick) clouds. However, evidence is growing that a nonnegligible fraction of the BLR cloud population is optically thin to the Lyman continuum and fully ionized in hydrogen. We consider the implications of this nebular component for observed line emission and find that inclusion of thin clouds in photoionization calculations can resolve several outstanding puzzles of Seyfert variability, notably the behavior of the C IV λ1549/Lyα ratio as a function of continuum luminosity ...


Observation Of Parity-Unfavored Transitions In The Nonresonant Photoionization Of Argon, B. Langer, J. Viefhaus, Oliver Hemmers, A. Menzel, R. Wehlitz, U. Becker Feb 1995

Observation Of Parity-Unfavored Transitions In The Nonresonant Photoionization Of Argon, B. Langer, J. Viefhaus, Oliver Hemmers, A. Menzel, R. Wehlitz, U. Becker

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Single-photon ionization of an atom or molecule can be subdivided into parity-favored and -unfavored transitions, the latter characterized by electron emission, preferentially perpendicular to the electric vector. The nonresonant existence of these transitions is shown experimentally and studied over an extended energy range for a variety of satellite transitions in atomic argon. The spectra exhibit several clearly resolved satellite lines with strongly negative β values close to -1, independent of the photon energy. The results confirm the corresponding predictions of angular-momentum transfer theory.


The Origin Of N Iii Λ990 And C Iii Λ977 Emission In Agn Narrow-Line Region Gas, Jason W. Ferguson, Gary J. Ferland, A. K. Pradham Jan 1995

The Origin Of N Iii Λ990 And C Iii Λ977 Emission In Agn Narrow-Line Region Gas, Jason W. Ferguson, Gary J. Ferland, A. K. Pradham

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We discuss implications of Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope (HUT) detections of C III λ977 and N III λ990 emission from the narrow-line region of the Seyfert 2 galaxy NGC 1068. In their discovery paper Kriss et al. showed that the unexpectedly great strength of these lines implies that the emitting gas must be shock-heated if the lines are collisionally excited. Here we investigate other processes which excite these lines in photoionization equilibrium. Recombination, mainly dielectronic, and continuum fluorescence are strong contributors to the line. The resulting intensities are sensitive to the velocity field of the emitting gas and require ...