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1994

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Articles 31 - 60 of 346

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Low‐Temperature Phase Diagram Of Ybbipt, R. Movshovich, A. Lacerda, Paul C. Canfield, J. D. Thompson, Z. Fisk Nov 1994

Low‐Temperature Phase Diagram Of Ybbipt, R. Movshovich, A. Lacerda, Paul C. Canfield, J. D. Thompson, Z. Fisk

Paul C. Canfield

Resistivity measurements are reported on the cubic heavy‐fermion compound YbBiPt at ambient and hydrostatic pressures to ≊19 kbar and in magnetic fields to 1 T. The phase transition at T c =0.4 K is identified by a sharp rise in resistivity. That feature is used to build low‐temperature H‐T and P‐Tphase diagrams. The phase boundary in the H‐T plane follows the weak‐coupling BCS expression remarkably well from T c to T c /4, while small hydrostatic pressure of ≊1 kbar suppresses the low‐temperature phase entirely. These effects of hydrostatic pressure and magnetic ...


Frequency Dependence Of Hysteresis Curves In Conducting Magnetic Materials, David C. Jiles Nov 1994

Frequency Dependence Of Hysteresis Curves In Conducting Magnetic Materials, David C. Jiles

Ames Laboratory Publications

An extension of the hysteresis model has been developed that takes into account the effects on the hysteresis curves of eddycurrents in electrically conducting media. In the derivation presented it is assumed that the frequency of the applied field is low enough (or the thickness of the material medium small enough) that the skin effect can be ignored so that the magnetic field penetrates uniformly throughout the material. In this case, the dc hysteresis equation is extended by the addition of a classical eddy‐current‐loss term depending on (i) the rate of change of magnetization with time, (ii) the ...


Surface Core-Level Shifts And Atomic Coordination At A Stepped W(110) Surface, D. Mark Riffe, B. Kim, J. L. Erskine, N. D. Shinn Nov 1994

Surface Core-Level Shifts And Atomic Coordination At A Stepped W(110) Surface, D. Mark Riffe, B. Kim, J. L. Erskine, N. D. Shinn

All Physics Faculty Publications

Core-level 4f7/2 photoemission spectra have been measured from a single, bifacial W crystal, which has both a flat W(110) and a vicinal, stepped W(110) [W(320)] surface. This procedure reduces uncertainties in the quantitative description of peaks in the spectra from W(320). Various analyses, including nonlinear least-squares curve fitting, show that the average surface core-level shift (SCS) for W(320) is only ∼-140 meV, compared to -310 meV for W(110) and that, at a maximum, only two of five terrace rows are isoelectronic to W(110) surface atoms. The absence of a large SCS ...


Interface Alloying And Magnetic Properties Of Fe/Rh Multilayers, K. Hanisch, W. Keune, R.A. Brand, Christian Binek, Wolfman Kleemann Nov 1994

Interface Alloying And Magnetic Properties Of Fe/Rh Multilayers, K. Hanisch, W. Keune, R.A. Brand, Christian Binek, Wolfman Kleemann

Christian Binek Publications

Rh(20 Å)/57Fe(tFe) multilayers with Fe thicknesses tFe of 2, 5, 10, and 15 Å prepared by alternate evaporation in UHV have been investigated by x-ray diffraction (XRD), Mössbauer spectroscopy, and SQUID magnetometry. First- and second-order superstructure Bragg peaks (but no higher-order peaks) in small-angle XRD patterns suggest some compositional modulation. Mössbauer spectra taken at 4.2 K are characterized by a distribution P(Bhf) of hyperfine fields Bhf. Peaks observed in the P(Bhf) curves near 17 and 35 T are assigned to an fcc-RhFe interface alloy (~7–24 at. % Fe ...


Thickness Dependence Of The Magnetic And Electrical Properties Of Fe:Sio2 Nanocomposite Films, S.S. Malhotra, Yi Liu, J.X. Shen, Sy_Hwang Liou, David J. Sellmyer Nov 1994

Thickness Dependence Of The Magnetic And Electrical Properties Of Fe:Sio2 Nanocomposite Films, S.S. Malhotra, Yi Liu, J.X. Shen, Sy_Hwang Liou, David J. Sellmyer

Si-Hwang Liou Publications

Nanocomposite Fe80 (SiO2)20 films with thickness from 150 to 5000 Å have been prepared by rf magnetron sputtering from a composite target. The crystallites in the Fe80 (SiO2)20 films have a bcc structure with the average size of 46–66 Å which was determined by transmission electron microscopy. As indicated by the thickness dependence of resistivity, the stacking and connectivity of the crystallites depend on the thickness of the films. The magnetic properties also depend on the microstructure which changes with the thickness of the films. The magnetic coercivity of the films increases with ...


Mössbauer Study Of Permanent-Magnet Materials: Sm2Fe17-XAlX Compounds, I.A. Al-Omari, Sitaram Jaswal, A.S. Fernando, David J. Sellmyer Nov 1994

Mössbauer Study Of Permanent-Magnet Materials: Sm2Fe17-XAlX Compounds, I.A. Al-Omari, Sitaram Jaswal, A.S. Fernando, David J. Sellmyer

David Sellmyer Publications

The Fe57 Mössbauer spectra of Sm2Fe17-xAlx, where x=0, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, and 4.0, have been measured at room temperature and analyzed. The ternary compounds Sm2Fe17-xAlx have the rhombohedral Th2Zn17 structure. Mössbauer measurements showed that all the compounds studied were ferromagnetic. The average hyperfine field was found to decrease with the increasing aluminum concentration, which is in qualitative agreement with magnetic measurements. The decrease in the average hyperfine field was from 224 kOe at x=0 to 174 kOe at x=4 ...


Sputtering Pressure Effects And Temperature-Dependent Magnetism Of Co/Pd Multilayers, S.Y. Jeong, Z.S. Shan, P. He, J.X. Shen, Y.B. Zhang, John A. Woollam, David J. Sellmyer Nov 1994

Sputtering Pressure Effects And Temperature-Dependent Magnetism Of Co/Pd Multilayers, S.Y. Jeong, Z.S. Shan, P. He, J.X. Shen, Y.B. Zhang, John A. Woollam, David J. Sellmyer

David Sellmyer Publications

The temperature dependence of the sputtering Ar pressure effects on magnetic properties and the coercivity mechanism of Co(2 Å)/Pd(13 Å) multilayers were studied as the sputtering Ar pressure varied from 3–15 mTorr and the temperature from 300 to 35 K. It is found that the roughness of the interfaces or film surface increases with increasing sputtering pressure, the anisotropy increases with decreasing temperature and increasing Ar pressure and shows a maximum at PAr≃12 mTorr, and the coercivity increases with Ar pressure and shows stronger temperature dependence at higher Ar pressure. The coercivity mechanism was ...


Aligned Two-Phase Magnets: Permanent Magnetism Of The Future? (Invited), Ralph Skomski Nov 1994

Aligned Two-Phase Magnets: Permanent Magnetism Of The Future? (Invited), Ralph Skomski

Ralph Skomski Publications

Micromagnetic calculations are used to investigate coercivity and energy products of magnets consisting of an aligned hard-magnetic skeleton phase and a soft-magnetic phase with high saturation magnetization. Compared to the present-day theoretical limit of 516 W/m3 for single-phase Nd2Fe14B, the energy product in suitable nanostructured Sm2Fe2N3/Fe65Co35 composites is predicted to be as high as 1090 kJ/m3. The influence of the skeleton’s texture and shape is discussed, and aligned nanocrystalline two-phase magnets are compared with remanence-enhanced isotropic magnets. In particular, it is shown how ...


Electron Energy Loss In Oxygen Plasmas, G. A. Victor, John C. Raymond, Jane L. Fox Nov 1994

Electron Energy Loss In Oxygen Plasmas, G. A. Victor, John C. Raymond, Jane L. Fox

Jane L. Fox

The results of calculations of the energy deposition of energetic electrons in oxygen plasmas are given. In a pure oxygen plasma even with large fractional ionization, much of the electron energy results in the production of additional ionization and excited electronic states. Results are given for separate calculations using theoretical and experimental cross sections for the important O I excitations of 1S and 1D because the theoretical and experimental data are not in agreement. These results are useful for understanding the spectra of oxygen-rich supernova remnants.


Matched Optical Solitary Waves For 3-Level And 5-Level Systems, Foek T. Hioe, R. Grobe Nov 1994

Matched Optical Solitary Waves For 3-Level And 5-Level Systems, Foek T. Hioe, R. Grobe

Physics Faculty/Staff Publications

Exact analytic results are presented that give a general solution for a pair of solitary waves which can propagate through a three- and a five-level system with their shapes invariant. These solitary waves vary widely in shape and form: from ones for which the pulses have similar shape to ones which have very different but ''complementary'' shapes. A general type of solitary-wave pair which is insensitive to small perturbations is identified.


Three-Body Analytical Potential For Interacting Helium Atoms, Carol A. Parish, Clifford E. Dykstra Nov 1994

Three-Body Analytical Potential For Interacting Helium Atoms, Carol A. Parish, Clifford E. Dykstra

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Large basis set ab initio calculations have been carried out for a dense grid of points on the He, potential energy surface. Three-body contributions were extracted at every point, and a number of concise functional representations for the three-body potential surface were then examined. Three-body multipolar dispersion terms and other radial and angular terms were used in the representations, and an assessment of relative importance of the different terms is presented. Combined with a two-body He-He potential, the results of this work should offer a high quality interaction potential for simulations of aggregated helium.


Interaction Of A Group Of Dislocations Within The Framework Of The Continuum Frenkel-Kontorova Model, Naum I. Gershenzon Nov 1994

Interaction Of A Group Of Dislocations Within The Framework Of The Continuum Frenkel-Kontorova Model, Naum I. Gershenzon

Physics Faculty Publications

The Frenkel-Kontorova (FK) model of edge dislocation is analyzed. Solutions of the continuum limit of the FK model [the sine-Gordon (SG) equation] are obtained in a form convenient for investigation of dynamics of a large number of interacting dislocations. We consider, based on these solutions, some nonstationary processes: dislocation generation, diffusion of dislocations, and crack-dislocation interaction. Simple relations connecting the velocity of plastic deformation, density and velocity of dislocations, and the force of interaction between dislocations are obtained. The nucleation of dislocations at a moving crack tip is described.


Nanostructures Of Sm-Co On Cr Thin Films, Yi Liu, B. W. Robertson, Z.S. Shan, S. Malhotra, M.J. Yu, S.K. Renukunta, Sy_Hwang Liou, David J. Sellmyer Nov 1994

Nanostructures Of Sm-Co On Cr Thin Films, Yi Liu, B. W. Robertson, Z.S. Shan, S. Malhotra, M.J. Yu, S.K. Renukunta, Sy_Hwang Liou, David J. Sellmyer

Si-Hwang Liou Publications

The nanostructures of Sm-Co on Cr thin films prepared by dc magnetron sputtering were investigated by high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and diffraction techniques. HRTEM micrographs show that the crystallites in the Sm-Co films, as revealed by the lattice fringes, are distributed discontinuously in the matrix. The matrix is amorphous as indicated by the microdiffraction study. The size of the crystallites is in the range of 2~5 nanometers. The volume fraction of the crystallites in the film decreases from 91% to 54% as the argon pressure is increased from 5 mTorr to 30 mTorr. Micrographs recorded in a ...


A Magnetic, Neutron Diffraction, And Mössbauer Spectral Study Of The Nd2Fe17-XAlX Solid Solutions, Gary J. Long, Gaya Kanishka Marasinghe, Sanjay R. Mishra, Oran Allan Pringle, Zhongbo Hu, William B. Yelon, D. P. Middleton, K. H. J. Buschow, Fernande Grandjean Nov 1994

A Magnetic, Neutron Diffraction, And Mössbauer Spectral Study Of The Nd2Fe17-XAlX Solid Solutions, Gary J. Long, Gaya Kanishka Marasinghe, Sanjay R. Mishra, Oran Allan Pringle, Zhongbo Hu, William B. Yelon, D. P. Middleton, K. H. J. Buschow, Fernande Grandjean

Chemistry Faculty Research & Creative Works

The magnetic properties of a series of Nd2Fe17-xAlx solid solutions, with x equal to 2.04, 4.01, 5.97, 7.94, and 9.06, have been studied by magnetic measurements, neutron diffraction, and Mössbauer spectroscopy. Magnetization studies indicate that the Curie temperature increases from 330 K in Nd2Fe17 to a maximum of ~470 K at an x of 3.5. The compounds crystallize in the Th2Zn17 structure with lattice parameters and unit cell volumes which increase linearly with increasing aluminum content. The neutron diffraction results indicate that aluminum ...


Neutron Diffraction And Mössbauer Effect Study Of Several Nd2Fe17-XAlX Solid Solutions, William B. Yelon, H. Xie, Gary J. Long, Oran Allan Pringle, Fernande Grandjean, K. H. J. Buschow Nov 1994

Neutron Diffraction And Mössbauer Effect Study Of Several Nd2Fe17-XAlX Solid Solutions, William B. Yelon, H. Xie, Gary J. Long, Oran Allan Pringle, Fernande Grandjean, K. H. J. Buschow

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Aluminum-substituted Nd2Fe17-xAlx solid solutions with x=2.30, 4.44, 6.13, 8.00, and 9.40 have been studied by neutron diffraction and Mössbauer spectroscopy. A Rietveld analysis of the neutron scattering indicates that the aluminum atoms have a high initial affinity for the 18h site, show a high affinity for the 6c site at high aluminum concentrations, and are absent from the 9d site at all aluminum concentrations. The Mössbauer spectra show a maximum in both the maximum and weighted average hyperfine field for x≅2. This indicates that the lattice expansion which ...


Comment On "Critical Behavior Of The Coulomb Glass", Thomas Vojta, Michael Schreiber Nov 1994

Comment On "Critical Behavior Of The Coulomb Glass", Thomas Vojta, Michael Schreiber

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Cosmological And Wormhole Solutions In Low-Energy Effective String Theory, Mariano Cadoni, Marco Cavaglia Nov 1994

Cosmological And Wormhole Solutions In Low-Energy Effective String Theory, Mariano Cadoni, Marco Cavaglia

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We derive and study a class of cosmological and wormhole solutions of low-energy effective string field theory. We consider a general four-dimensional string effective action where moduli of the compactified manifold and the electromagnetic field are present. The cosmological solutions of the two-dimensional effective theory obtained by dimensional reduction of the former are discussed. In particular we demonstrate that the two-dimensional theory possesses a scale-factor duality invariance. Eucidean four-dimensional instantons describing the nucleation of the baby universes are found and the probability amplitude for the nucleation process given.


Mean-Field Theory For Alkali-Metal-Doped Polyacetylene, A. Brooks Harris Nov 1994

Mean-Field Theory For Alkali-Metal-Doped Polyacetylene, A. Brooks Harris

Department of Physics Papers

The Landau theory used by Choi and Mele (CM) to treat their rotor model on a triangular lattice for the orientational ordering of polyacetylene chains in alkali-metal-doped polyacetylene is studied. A reanalysis of the higher-order terms in the Landau expansion indicates that cosine ordering can support a nonzero cubic term in the Landau expansion whereas the sine-ordered phase has no such term. To construct a phase diagram requires a numerical solution of the self-consistent equations of mean-field theory. Although this analysis does not convincingly treat the incommensurate phases found by CM, it does identify an unusually rich variety of thermodynamically ...


Estimation Of The Free-Charge-Carrier Concentration In Fast-Ion Conducting Na2s-B2s3 Glasses From An Analysis Of The Frequency-Dependent, Ernest F. Hairetdinov, Nikolai F. Uvarov, Hitendra K. Patel, Steve W. Martin Nov 1994

Estimation Of The Free-Charge-Carrier Concentration In Fast-Ion Conducting Na2s-B2s3 Glasses From An Analysis Of The Frequency-Dependent, Ernest F. Hairetdinov, Nikolai F. Uvarov, Hitendra K. Patel, Steve W. Martin

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

ac and dc conductivities of fast-ion conducting xNa2S+(1-x)B2S3 glasses in the composition range 0.001≤x≤0.1 were analyzed using the Almond-West formula σ(ν)=σdc[1+(ν/νH)α]. The hopping frequency for free charge carriers νH, the dc conductivity σdc, and their respective activation energies were determined. The concentration of free charge carriers evaluated from the conductivities and estimated mobilities is in good agreement with the overall content of sodium cations in the glasses and it is proposed that this supports the concept of a strong and not weak electrolyte model for these ...


Binary-Encounter-Dipole Model For Electron-Impact Ionization, Yong-Ki Kim, M. Eugene Rudd Nov 1994

Binary-Encounter-Dipole Model For Electron-Impact Ionization, Yong-Ki Kim, M. Eugene Rudd

M. Eugene Rudd Publications

A theoretical model, which is free of adjustable or fitted parameters, for calculating electron impact ionization cross sections for atoms and molecules is presented. This model combines the binary-encounter theory with the dipole interaction of the Bethe theory for fast incident electrons. The ratios of the contributions from distant and close collisions and interference between the direct and exchange terms are determined by using the asymptotic behaviors predicted by the Bethe theory for ionization and for stopping cross sections. Our model prescribes procedures to calculate the singly differential cross section (energy distribution) for each subshell using the binding energy, average ...


Mössbauer, Magnetic, And Electronic-Structure Studies Of Yfe12-XMoX Compounds, I.A. Al-Omari, Sitaram Jaswal, A.S. Fernando, David J. Sellmyer, H.H. Hamdeh Nov 1994

Mössbauer, Magnetic, And Electronic-Structure Studies Of Yfe12-XMoX Compounds, I.A. Al-Omari, Sitaram Jaswal, A.S. Fernando, David J. Sellmyer, H.H. Hamdeh

David Sellmyer Publications

Mössbauer spectra, magnetization measurements, and self-consistent spin-polarized electronic structures of YFe12-xMox, where x=0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, and 4.0, are reported. The ternary compounds YFe12-xMox have the crystalline tetragonal ThMn12 structure. Analyses of the Mössbauer spectra show that Mo atoms occupy the 8i Fe sites of the ThMn12 structure, in agreement with previous observations. Room-temperature magnetic and Mössbauer measurements show that the compounds with x≤2.0 are ferromagnetic and with x≥3.0 are paramagnetic. Measurements at 25 K show that all the samples are magnetically ...


Anisotropy And Magneto-Optical Properties Of Sputtered Co/Ni Multilayer Thin Films, Y.B. Zhang, John A. Woollam, Z.S. Shan, J.X. Shen, David J. Sellmyer Nov 1994

Anisotropy And Magneto-Optical Properties Of Sputtered Co/Ni Multilayer Thin Films, Y.B. Zhang, John A. Woollam, Z.S. Shan, J.X. Shen, David J. Sellmyer

David Sellmyer Publications

Several series of sputtered Co/Ni multilayer thin films have been investigated. The volume and interface contributions to the magnetic anisotropy were determined from magnetization measurements, and the interface anisotropy, Ki= 0.23 ± 0.03 erg/cm2, was found to support perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. The anisotropy constant, K, increased with the Au buffer layer thickness, indicating the buffer layer was crucial to the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. The polar Kerr rotation and coercivity as a function of temperature, and room temperature magneto-optical figure of merit are presented in this paper.


Driven Front And Interface Of A Fluid-Flow Model In 2+1-Dimensions, Michael J. Leaseburg, Ras B. Pandey Nov 1994

Driven Front And Interface Of A Fluid-Flow Model In 2+1-Dimensions, Michael J. Leaseburg, Ras B. Pandey

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Measurements Of The Electric And Magnetic Form Factors Of The Proton From Q2=1.75 To 8.83 (Gev/C)2, L Andivahis, R S. Hicks, R A. Miskimen, Gerald Alvin Peterson, S Rokni Oct 1994

Measurements Of The Electric And Magnetic Form Factors Of The Proton From Q2=1.75 To 8.83 (Gev/C)2, L Andivahis, R S. Hicks, R A. Miskimen, Gerald Alvin Peterson, S Rokni

Gerald Alvin Peterson

The proton elastic form factors GEp(Q2) and GMp(Q2) have been extracted for Q2=1.75 to 8.83 (GeV/c)2 via a Rosenbluth separation to ep elastic cross section measurements in the angular range 13°≤θ≤90°. The Q2 range covered more than doubles that of the existing data. For Q2<4 >(GeV/c)2, where the data overlap with previous measurements, the total uncertainties have been reduced to < 14% in GEp and < 1.5% in GMp. Results for GEp(Q2) are consistent with the dipole fit GD(Q2)=(1+Q2/0.71)-2, while those for GMp(Q2)/μpGD(Q2) decrease smoothly from 1.05 to 0.92. Deviations from form factor scaling are observed up to 20%. The ratio Q2F2/F1 is observed to approach a constant value for Q2>3 (GeV/c)2. Comparisons are made to vector meson dominance, dimensional scaling, QCD sum rule, diquark, and constituent quark models, none of which fully characterize all the new ...


Measurements Of The (E,E’Pπ-) Reaction On Nuclei In The Nucleon Resonance Region, L Elouadrhiri, R A. Miskimen, J Button-Shafer, P Degtyarenko,, Gerald Alvin Peterson, S Shuvalov, K Wang Oct 1994

Measurements Of The (E,E’Pπ-) Reaction On Nuclei In The Nucleon Resonance Region, L Elouadrhiri, R A. Miskimen, J Button-Shafer, P Degtyarenko,, Gerald Alvin Peterson, S Shuvalov, K Wang

Gerald Alvin Peterson

Nucleon resonances beyond the Δ(1232) have been observed in complex nuclei. Measurements of the (e,e’pπ-) reaction, at an incident energy of 14.5 GeV with 1.1 GeV


Mbe Growth Of Inxga1-Xas/Gaas/Si Heterostructure System, Jun Liu Oct 1994

Mbe Growth Of Inxga1-Xas/Gaas/Si Heterostructure System, Jun Liu

Theses

In this work, we grew the InxGa1-xAs/GaAs/Si (GaAs as buffer layer) by MBE technique. The surface of the buffer layer became microscopically rough as the thickness of the buffer layer increased and the growth mode of GaAs on Si underwent a change from three-dimensional to two-dimensional during the initial growth stage as indicated on the Reflection High Energy Electron Diffraction (RHEED) screen. The Scattering Electron Microscopy (SEM) observation of the etched surface of GaAs on Si showed that the structure of the buffer layer tended to be poly-crystalline and it was possible that a ...


Measurement Of The Hall Coefficient And Electron Mobility Using Van Der Pauw Type Hall Effect Measurements, Hong-Sheng Luo Oct 1994

Measurement Of The Hall Coefficient And Electron Mobility Using Van Der Pauw Type Hall Effect Measurements, Hong-Sheng Luo

Theses

Hall effect measurement in the electrical characterization of semiconductor materials is very important. We set up the Hall effect measurement system and examined the system with a standard sample. The experimental results show that this Hall measurement system worked as well as expected. We also used this system to study the GaAs/GaAs and InGaAs/GaAs which grown by MBE. Finally, we disscussed and consided some common problems of Hall measurement. Some useful formulas and plots are presented.


Subthreshold Channel Leakage Current In Gaas Mesfet's, Wei Long Oct 1994

Subthreshold Channel Leakage Current In Gaas Mesfet's, Wei Long

Theses

In this thesis, a physical model including the subthreshold conpensation properties is presented. The Poisson equation is solved analytically in one dimension for GaAs MESFET's with undoped substrates in the subthreshold region. The solution is then used to derive expressions for subthreshold drain current and subshreshold swing in MESFET's with undoped substrates. Very good agreement between experimental and analytical results is achieved.

Two key parameters (Nilo and Iso) that determine the subthreshold Characteristics have been analyzed as a function of residual acceptor concentration Na, deep level EL2 concentration Nt, channel doping concentration Nd and threshold voltage Vt. It ...


Resonant Photoemission Studies Of Thickness Dependence Of The Unoccupied Gd 5d Bands, Peter A. Dowben, Dongqi Li, Jiandi Zhang, M. Onellion Oct 1994

Resonant Photoemission Studies Of Thickness Dependence Of The Unoccupied Gd 5d Bands, Peter A. Dowben, Dongqi Li, Jiandi Zhang, M. Onellion

Peter Dowben Publications

Ultrathin Gd films have been studied with constant initial-state spectroscopy (CIS) of photoemission utilizing linearly polarized light of synchrotron radiation. The photoemission cross-section of the 5d surface state near EF shows strong photon energy dependence, i.e., sharp peaks in CIS spectra near the Gd 5p1/2 adsorption edge. These peaks originate from resonant photoemission processes involving the occupied 5p and unoccupied 5d levels of the surface atoms. The symmetry of the unoccupied states were determined experimentally by changing the polarization of light, where p-polarized light excites only to the unoccupied dz2 or dxz,yz states ...


Particle Conjugation And The 1/N_C Corrections To G_A, Joseph Schechter, H. Weigel Oct 1994

Particle Conjugation And The 1/N_C Corrections To G_A, Joseph Schechter, H. Weigel

Physics

We impose the requirement that the isovector axial vector current for the soliton sector of the chiral quark model transforms correctly under particle conjugation. This forces us to choose an otherwise arbitrary ordering of collective space operators in such a way that the next--to--leading 1/N_C correction to g_A vanishes.