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Articles 1 - 16 of 16

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Rock Magnetic Criteria For The Detection Of Biogenic Magnetite, Bruce M. Moskowitz, Richard B. Frankel, Dennis A. Bazylinski Dec 1993

Rock Magnetic Criteria For The Detection Of Biogenic Magnetite, Bruce M. Moskowitz, Richard B. Frankel, Dennis A. Bazylinski

Physics

We report results on the magnetic properties of magnetites produced by magnetotactic and dissimilatory iron-reducing bacteria. Magnetotactic bacterial (MTB) strains MS1, MV1 and MV2 and dissimilatory iron-reducing bacterium strain GS-15, grown in pure cultures, were used in this study. Our results suggest that a combination of room temperature coercivity analysis and low temperature remanence measurements provides a characteristic magnetic signature for intact chains of single domain (SD) particles of magnetite from MTBs. The most useful magnetic property measurements include: (1) acquisition and demagnetization of isothermal remanent magnetization (IRM) using static, pulse and alternating fields; (2) acquisition of anhysteretic remanent magnetization ...


Critical Slowing Down Of Cluster Algorithms For Ising Models Coupled To 2-D Gravity, Mark Bowick, Marco Falcioni, Geoffrey Harris, Enzo Marinari Nov 1993

Critical Slowing Down Of Cluster Algorithms For Ising Models Coupled To 2-D Gravity, Mark Bowick, Marco Falcioni, Geoffrey Harris, Enzo Marinari

Physics

We simulate single and multiple Ising models coupled to 2-d gravity using both the Swendsen-Wang and Wolff algorithms to update the spins. We study the integrated autocorrelation time and find that there is considerable critical slowing down, particularly in the magnetization. We argue that this is primarily due to the local nature of the dynamical triangulation algorithm and to the generation of a distribution of baby universes which inhibits cluster growth.


Fe304 And Fe3S4 In A Bacterium, Dennis A. Bazylinski, Brigid R. Heywood, Stephen Mann, Richard B. Frankel Nov 1993

Fe304 And Fe3S4 In A Bacterium, Dennis A. Bazylinski, Brigid R. Heywood, Stephen Mann, Richard B. Frankel

Physics

No abstract provided.


Radial Excited States For Heavy Quark Systems In Nrqcd, Simon Catterall, F. R. Devlin, I. T. Drummond, R. R. Hogan Nov 1993

Radial Excited States For Heavy Quark Systems In Nrqcd, Simon Catterall, F. R. Devlin, I. T. Drummond, R. R. Hogan

Physics

Following the Non-Relativistic QCD approach we use a gauge invariant smearing method with factorization to measure the excitation energies for a heavy Q\bar{Q} system on a 24^3\times 48 lattice at \beta=6.2. The results come from averaging over an ensemble of 60 QCD configurations. In order to enhance the signal from each configuration we use wall sources for quark propagators. The quark Hamiltonian contains only the simplest non-relativistic kinetic energy term. The results are listed for a range of bare quark masses. The mass splittings are insensitive to this variable though there are a slight ...


Cation Distribution In Natural Ferrites, H. A. Maia, F. F. T. De Araújo, M. A. B. De Araújo, J. Danon, Richard B. Frankel Nov 1993

Cation Distribution In Natural Ferrites, H. A. Maia, F. F. T. De Araújo, M. A. B. De Araújo, J. Danon, Richard B. Frankel

Physics

Mössbauer spectra of jacobsite have been recorded at temperatures of 4.2, 125, 180, 240 and 300 K and with an external magnetic field of 60 kOe applied parallel to the incident radiation at 4.2 K. The results show the presence of two different magnetic hyperfine interactions associated with the iron nuclei. Spectra of samples in external magnetic fields indicate the same sign for the magnetic hyperfine interactions, implying that both iron ions occupy only the octahedral sublattice. These results are compared with data from synthetic stoichiometry manganese ferrite, and a model of cation distribution, assuming the existence of ...


Low-Field Magnetoresistance In Granular Pb Films Near The Insulator-Superconductor Transition, Richard P. Barber Jr., Robert C. Dynes Oct 1993

Low-Field Magnetoresistance In Granular Pb Films Near The Insulator-Superconductor Transition, Richard P. Barber Jr., Robert C. Dynes

Physics

We have studied the insulator-superconductor transition in quench-condensed granular Pb films from 0.1 to 10 K. Resistance measurements were made in zero magnetic field and low noise conditions. Magnetoresistance measurements were also performed for low magnetic fields (less than 100 G). The magnetoresistance results on the superconducting side of the transition suggest that we are directly probing the finite length scales associated with the range of phase coherence in these granular materials.


Resonant And Non-Resonant Pieces Of The D\Rightarrow \Bar{K}Π Semileptonic Transition Amplitude, Joseph Schechter, A. Subbaraman, S. Surya Sep 1993

Resonant And Non-Resonant Pieces Of The D\Rightarrow \Bar{K}Π Semileptonic Transition Amplitude, Joseph Schechter, A. Subbaraman, S. Surya

Physics

We compare the resonant and non-resonant contributions in various regions of phase space for the D\rightarrow \bar{K}\p semileptonic transition amplitude, computed in a chiral model which incorporates the heavy quark symmetry. Remarks on the significance for experiment and for chiral perturbation theory are made. hep-ph/yymmnnn


Review Of Genius In The Shadows: A Biography Of Leo Szilard, The Man Behind The Bomb By William Lanouette And Bela Silard, David W. Hafemeister Sep 1993

Review Of Genius In The Shadows: A Biography Of Leo Szilard, The Man Behind The Bomb By William Lanouette And Bela Silard, David W. Hafemeister

Physics

No abstract provided.


Copper Association With Iron Sulfide Magnetosomes In A Magnetotactic Bacterium, Dennis A. Bazylinski, Anthony J. Garratt-Reed, Afshin Abedi, Richard B. Frankel Jul 1993

Copper Association With Iron Sulfide Magnetosomes In A Magnetotactic Bacterium, Dennis A. Bazylinski, Anthony J. Garratt-Reed, Afshin Abedi, Richard B. Frankel

Physics

Greigite (Fe3S4) and pyrite (FeS2) particles in the magnetosomes of a many-celled, magnetotactic prokaryote (MMP), common in brackish-to-marine, sulfidic, aquatic habitats, contained relatively high concentrations of copper which ranged from about 0.1 to 10 atomic per cent relative to iron. In contrast, the greigite particles in the magnetosomes of a curved magnetotactic bacterium collected from the same sampling site did not contain significant levels of copper. The ability of the MMP to biomineralize copper within its magnetosomes appeared to be limited to that organism and dependent upon the site from which it was collected. Although ...


Avalanches And The Renormalization Group For Pinned Charge-Density Waves, Alan Middleton, Onuttom Narayan May 1993

Avalanches And The Renormalization Group For Pinned Charge-Density Waves, Alan Middleton, Onuttom Narayan

Physics

The critical behavior of charge-density waves (CDWs) in the pinned phase is studied for applied fields increasing toward the threshold field, using recently developed renormalization group techniques and simulations of automaton models. Despite the existence of many metastable states in the pinned state of the CDW, the renormalization group treatment can be used successfully to find the divergences in the polarization and the correlation length, and, to first order in an $\epsilon = 4-d$ expansion, the diverging time scale. The automaton models studied are a charge-density wave model and a ``sandpile'' model with periodic boundary conditions; these models are found to ...


Three-Dimensional Quantum Gravity Coupled To Gauge Fields, Simon Catterall, Ray L. Renken, John B. Kogut Apr 1993

Three-Dimensional Quantum Gravity Coupled To Gauge Fields, Simon Catterall, Ray L. Renken, John B. Kogut

Physics

We show how to simulate U(1) gauge fields coupled to three-dimensional quantum gravity and then examine the phase diagram of this system. Quenched mean field theory suggests that a transition separates confined and deconfined phases (for the gauge matter) in both the negative curvature phase and the positive curvature phase of the quantum gravity, but numerical simulations find no evidence for such transitions.


The Xy Model On A Dynamical Random Lattice, Simon Catterall, John B. Kogut, Ray L. Renken Apr 1993

The Xy Model On A Dynamical Random Lattice, Simon Catterall, John B. Kogut, Ray L. Renken

Physics

We study the XY model on a lattice with fluctuating connectivity. The expectation is that at an appropriate critical point such a system corresponds to a compactified boson coupled to 2d quantum gravity. Our simulations focus, in particular, on the important topological features of the system. The results lend strong support to the two phase structure predicted on the basis of analytical calculations. A careful finite size scaling analysis yields estimates for the critical exponents in the low temperature phase.


Electron Microscopy Study Of Magnetosomes In A Cultured Coccoid Magnetotactic Bacterium, Fiona C. Meldrum, Stephen Mann, Brigid R. Heywood, Richard B. Frankel, D. A. Bazyllinski Mar 1993

Electron Microscopy Study Of Magnetosomes In A Cultured Coccoid Magnetotactic Bacterium, Fiona C. Meldrum, Stephen Mann, Brigid R. Heywood, Richard B. Frankel, D. A. Bazyllinski

Physics

Intracellular magnetite (Fe3O4) crystals produced by the magnetotactic bacterium MC-1 were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Strain MC-1 represents the first-reported isolation of a coccoid magnetotactic bacterium in axenic culture. The magnetosomes of this bacterium displayed a pseudo-hexagonal prismatic habit, were elongated along the crystallographic direction, and were truncated by {111}, {100} and {110} faces. The presence of {111} truncations represents a modification of the magnetosome morphology previously determined for those in other coccoid bacteria. Study of immature crystals produced by strain MC-1 showed that the crystal morphology was controlled even at early stages of development ...


Electron Microscopy Study Of Magnetosomes In Two Cultured Vibrioid Magnetotactic Bacteria, Fiona C. Meldrum, Stephen Mann, Brigid R. Heywood, Richard B. Frankel, Dennis A. Bazylinski Mar 1993

Electron Microscopy Study Of Magnetosomes In Two Cultured Vibrioid Magnetotactic Bacteria, Fiona C. Meldrum, Stephen Mann, Brigid R. Heywood, Richard B. Frankel, Dennis A. Bazylinski

Physics

Magnetite (Fe304) crystals produced by two strains of cultured vibrioid magnetotactic bacteria were studied by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Both magnetotactic strains were characterized by single chains of magnetite crystals aligned along the long axes of the cells. The strains, designated as MV-2 and MV-4, produced crystals that differed markedly in size and morphology. Crystals present in MV-4 cells were generally larger than those in MV-2 cells and displayed significantly smaller aspect ratios. Crystallographic analysis of the magnetosomes of MV-2 revealed an elongated hexagonal habit based on a prism of {110} faces capped by {111} faces ...


Heavy Quark Solitons, Joseph Schechter, Kumar S. Gupta, M. Arshad Momen, A. Subbaraman Mar 1993

Heavy Quark Solitons, Joseph Schechter, Kumar S. Gupta, M. Arshad Momen, A. Subbaraman

Physics

We investigate the heavy baryons which arise as solitonic excitations in a ``heavy meson" chiral Lagrangian which includes the light vector particles. It is found that the effect of the light vectors may be substantial. We also present a simple derivation which clearly shows the connection to the Callan-Klebanov approach.


Multiple Evolutionary Origins Of Magnetotaxis In Bacteria, Edward F. Delong, Richard B. Frankel, Dennis A. Bazylinski Feb 1993

Multiple Evolutionary Origins Of Magnetotaxis In Bacteria, Edward F. Delong, Richard B. Frankel, Dennis A. Bazylinski

Physics

Magnetosomes are intracellular, iron-rich, membrane-enclosed magnetic particles that allow magnetotactic bacteria to orient in the earth's geomagnetic field as they swim. The magnetosomes of most magnetotactic bacteria contain iron oxide particles, but some magnetotactic species contain iron sulfide particles instead. Phylogenetic analyses of small subunit ribosomal RNA sequences showed that all known magnetotactic bacteria of the iron oxide type are associated with the a subgroup of the Proteobacteria in the domain Bacteria. In contrast, uncultured magnetotactic bacteria of the iron sulfide type are specifically related to the dissimilatory sulfate-reducing bacteria within the δ subdivision of the Proteobacteria. These findings ...