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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Orientational Phase Transition In Na_{X}C_{60} (1, T. Yildirim, J. E. Fischer, A. B. Harris, Peter W. Stephens, Dengfa Liu, Laurent Brard, Robert M. Strongin, Amos B. Smith Iii Aug 1993

Orientational Phase Transition In Na_{X}C_{60} (1, T. Yildirim, J. E. Fischer, A. B. Harris, Peter W. Stephens, Dengfa Liu, Laurent Brard, Robert M. Strongin, Amos B. Smith Iii

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

X-ray diffraction and calorimetry data on cubic NaxC60(1<x60, e.g., Tm(x=1.3)=325 K. The ordered phases are the same as in pure C60: simple cubic, space group Pa3¯, but the orientations in the disordered phase are more restricted. We explain how Na stabilizes the ordered phase to rather high T, while K and Rb do not, in terms of Coulomb interactions between C60 molecules and and Na ions which we calculate from the local charge density of C60.


Existence Of High-Order Superlattices In Orientationally Ordered C_{60}, J. E. Fischer, D. E. Luzzi, K. Kniaź, A. R. Mcghie, D. A. Ricketts-Foot, W. R. Romanow, Gavin B. M. Vaughan, Dayin Li, Allan L. Smith, Robert M. Strongin, M. A. Cichy, Laurent Bard, Amos B. Smith Iii Jun 1993

Existence Of High-Order Superlattices In Orientationally Ordered C_{60}, J. E. Fischer, D. E. Luzzi, K. Kniaź, A. R. Mcghie, D. A. Ricketts-Foot, W. R. Romanow, Gavin B. M. Vaughan, Dayin Li, Allan L. Smith, Robert M. Strongin, M. A. Cichy, Laurent Bard, Amos B. Smith Iii

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

We correlate the presence or absence of high-order modulated structures in solid C60 with the differential scanning calorimetry signature of the orientational ordering transition and other diagnostic data. We have searched for, but not observed, the 2a face-centered cubic structure recently observed in low-temperature electron and single-crystal x-ray diffraction. We conclude that the intrinsic ground state is the previously reported simple cubic structure [space groupPa3¯, a(14 K)=14.06 Å], and that other structures may be stabilized by defects or impurities.


Coherence Peak And Superconducting Energy Gap In Rb_{3}C_{60} Observed By Muon Spin Relaxation, R. F. Kiefl, W. A. Macfarlane, K. H. Chow, S. Dunsiger, T. L. Duty, T. M. S. Johnston, J. W. Schneider, J. Sonier, Laurent Brard, Robert M. Strongin, J. E. Fischer, Amos B. Smith Iii Jun 1993

Coherence Peak And Superconducting Energy Gap In Rb_{3}C_{60} Observed By Muon Spin Relaxation, R. F. Kiefl, W. A. Macfarlane, K. H. Chow, S. Dunsiger, T. L. Duty, T. M. S. Johnston, J. W. Schneider, J. Sonier, Laurent Brard, Robert M. Strongin, J. E. Fischer, Amos B. Smith Iii

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

Muon spin relaxation resulting from spin exchange scattering of endohedral muonium (μ+e-) with thermal electronic excitations has been observed in the fullerene superconductor Rb3C60. The temperature dependence of T1-1 shows a coherence peak just below Tc and can be fit to the conventional Hebel-Slichter theory for spin relaxation in a superconductor with a broadened BCS density of states. The average energy gap for electronic excitations, Δ/kB=53(4) K or 2Δ/ kBTc=3.6(3), is consistent with the BCS weak coupling limit.


Unusual Thermal Stability Of A Site-Ordered Mc60 Rocksalt Structure (M=K, Rb, Or Cs), Q. Zhu, O. Zhou, J. E. Fischer, Andrew R. Mcghie, W. R. Romanow, Robert M. Strongin, M. A. Cichy, Amos B. Smith Iii May 1993

Unusual Thermal Stability Of A Site-Ordered Mc60 Rocksalt Structure (M=K, Rb, Or Cs), Q. Zhu, O. Zhou, J. E. Fischer, Andrew R. Mcghie, W. R. Romanow, Robert M. Strongin, M. A. Cichy, Amos B. Smith Iii

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry of MxC60, with x∼1 and M=K, Rb, or Cs, reveal an unusual T-dependent phase sequence. A low-symmetry ground state is found, while the high-T limit is an ordered rocksalt structure in which only the octahedral sites are occupied. The unusual high-T stability of this ordered phase is attributed to the entropy of molecular orientational disorder and/or thermal disorder of the alkali-metal ions within the octahedral sites. Unique to KxC60 with x≥1.4, we find at intermediate temperatures an fcc site-disordered lattice ...