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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Modeling Of The Surface Plasmon Resonance (Spr) Effect For A Metal-Semiconductor (M-S) Junction At Elevated Temperatures, Erik De Jesus Sanchez Nov 1993

Modeling Of The Surface Plasmon Resonance (Spr) Effect For A Metal-Semiconductor (M-S) Junction At Elevated Temperatures, Erik De Jesus Sanchez

Dissertations and Theses

The effect of temperature increase on the optical excitation of Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) at an Ag-Si metal-semiconductor (M-S) junction at a wavelength of 1 . 1 52 pm is investigated theoretically using computer modeling in Fortran. In order to accurately quantify the SPR, the temperature dependent optical constants for Ag and Si are obtained theoretically or semiempirically , using a Drude model for Ag and previous experimentally determined equations for Si (the behavior of the optical constants for crystalline Si and doped Si are found to have very little deviation between each other for our case). An improvement in the theoretical ...


Orientational Phase Transition In Na_{X}C_{60} (1, T. Yildirim, J. E. Fischer, A. B. Harris, Peter W. Stephens, Dengfa Liu, Laurent Brard, Robert M. Strongin, Amos B. Smith Iii Aug 1993

Orientational Phase Transition In Na_{X}C_{60} (1, T. Yildirim, J. E. Fischer, A. B. Harris, Peter W. Stephens, Dengfa Liu, Laurent Brard, Robert M. Strongin, Amos B. Smith Iii

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

X-ray diffraction and calorimetry data on cubic NaxC60(1<x60, e.g., Tm(x=1.3)=325 K. The ordered phases are the same as in pure C60: simple cubic, space group Pa3¯, but the orientations in the disordered phase are more restricted. We explain how Na stabilizes the ordered phase to rather high T, while K and Rb do not, in terms of Coulomb interactions between C60 molecules and and Na ions which we calculate from the local charge density of C60.


Comparison Of Ion Adsorption To Phophatidylcholine/Phosphatidylserine And Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Membranes, Martin Mense Jul 1993

Comparison Of Ion Adsorption To Phophatidylcholine/Phosphatidylserine And Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Membranes, Martin Mense

Dissertations and Theses

Artificial lipid membranes have been used in biophysical studies as well defined models of biological membranes. In the present work we studied adsorption of ions to artificial lipid membranes, composed of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylserine (PS), and to biological membrane from sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). The studies of ion adsorption and electrokinetic characterization of membranes were done by means of microelectrophoresis of PC/PS liposomes and SR vesicles. The ions of interest were positively charged potassium (K), calcium (Ca), tetraphenylarsonium (TPAs), tetraphenylphosphonium (TPP) and negatively charged pentachlorophenol (PCP). Electrophoretic mobility of PC/PS liposomes and SR vesicles has been measured as ...


A Retarding-Potential Analyzer For Measuring Energy Distributions In Electron Beams, Li Zhou Jul 1993

A Retarding-Potential Analyzer For Measuring Energy Distributions In Electron Beams, Li Zhou

Dissertations and Theses

An energy analyzer for electron beams, based on a retarding-potential method, has been studied both experimentally and theoretically. In this method a potential energy barrier at right-angles to the beam acts as a high-pass energy filter allowing electrons having energies greater than the barrier height to pass through while turning back electrons of lower energy. The potential barrier in the present study was created by applying a negative potential to an electrode consisting of a 600/inch hexagonal copper mesh or an electrode having a pair of single apertures in series (compound aperture). Two different compound apertures, of diameters 0 ...


Coherence Peak And Superconducting Energy Gap In Rb_{3}C_{60} Observed By Muon Spin Relaxation, R. F. Kiefl, W. A. Macfarlane, K. H. Chow, S. Dunsiger, T. L. Duty, T. M. S. Johnston, J. W. Schneider, J. Sonier, Laurent Brard, Robert M. Strongin, J. E. Fischer, Amos B. Smith Iii Jun 1993

Coherence Peak And Superconducting Energy Gap In Rb_{3}C_{60} Observed By Muon Spin Relaxation, R. F. Kiefl, W. A. Macfarlane, K. H. Chow, S. Dunsiger, T. L. Duty, T. M. S. Johnston, J. W. Schneider, J. Sonier, Laurent Brard, Robert M. Strongin, J. E. Fischer, Amos B. Smith Iii

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

Muon spin relaxation resulting from spin exchange scattering of endohedral muonium (μ+e-) with thermal electronic excitations has been observed in the fullerene superconductor Rb3C60. The temperature dependence of T1-1 shows a coherence peak just below Tc and can be fit to the conventional Hebel-Slichter theory for spin relaxation in a superconductor with a broadened BCS density of states. The average energy gap for electronic excitations, Δ/kB=53(4) K or 2Δ/ kBTc=3.6(3), is consistent with the BCS weak coupling limit.


Existence Of High-Order Superlattices In Orientationally Ordered C_{60}, J. E. Fischer, D. E. Luzzi, K. Kniaź, A. R. Mcghie, D. A. Ricketts-Foot, W. R. Romanow, Gavin B. M. Vaughan, Dayin Li, Allan L. Smith, Robert M. Strongin, M. A. Cichy, Laurent Bard, Amos B. Smith Iii Jun 1993

Existence Of High-Order Superlattices In Orientationally Ordered C_{60}, J. E. Fischer, D. E. Luzzi, K. Kniaź, A. R. Mcghie, D. A. Ricketts-Foot, W. R. Romanow, Gavin B. M. Vaughan, Dayin Li, Allan L. Smith, Robert M. Strongin, M. A. Cichy, Laurent Bard, Amos B. Smith Iii

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

We correlate the presence or absence of high-order modulated structures in solid C60 with the differential scanning calorimetry signature of the orientational ordering transition and other diagnostic data. We have searched for, but not observed, the 2a face-centered cubic structure recently observed in low-temperature electron and single-crystal x-ray diffraction. We conclude that the intrinsic ground state is the previously reported simple cubic structure [space groupPa3¯, a(14 K)=14.06 Å], and that other structures may be stabilized by defects or impurities.


The Relationship Between Precipitation And Temperature Over The Contiguous United States, Weining Zhao, M. A. K. Khalil Jun 1993

The Relationship Between Precipitation And Temperature Over The Contiguous United States, Weining Zhao, M. A. K. Khalil

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

The correlation between monthly total precipitation and monthly mean temperature over the 80-year period from 1905 to 1984 at nearly 1000 stations in the contiguous United States was calculated and analyzed. Both local and field significances were tested by using statistical methods. Areas of both negative and positive precipitation-temperature correlations were found. Over most of the United States, summer precipitation and temperature were negatively correlated, which indicates that warm summers tended to be dryer. This is particularly true in the central and southern Great Plains. The area south of the Great Lakes covering the eastern portion of the Corn Belt ...


Unusual Thermal Stability Of A Site-Ordered Mc60 Rocksalt Structure (M=K, Rb, Or Cs), Q. Zhu, O. Zhou, J. E. Fischer, Andrew R. Mcghie, W. R. Romanow, Robert M. Strongin, M. A. Cichy, Amos B. Smith Iii May 1993

Unusual Thermal Stability Of A Site-Ordered Mc60 Rocksalt Structure (M=K, Rb, Or Cs), Q. Zhu, O. Zhou, J. E. Fischer, Andrew R. Mcghie, W. R. Romanow, Robert M. Strongin, M. A. Cichy, Amos B. Smith Iii

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry of MxC60, with x∼1 and M=K, Rb, or Cs, reveal an unusual T-dependent phase sequence. A low-symmetry ground state is found, while the high-T limit is an ordered rocksalt structure in which only the octahedral sites are occupied. The unusual high-T stability of this ordered phase is attributed to the entropy of molecular orientational disorder and/or thermal disorder of the alkali-metal ions within the octahedral sites. Unique to KxC60 with x≥1.4, we find at intermediate temperatures an fcc site-disordered lattice ...


Temperature Dependence Of Optical Properties For Amorphous Silicon At Wavelengths Of 632.8 And 752 Nm, P.T. Leung, Nhan Do, Oguz Yavas, Andrew C. Tam, Wing P. Leung, Hee K. Park, Costas P. Grigoropoulos, Johannes Boneberg, Paul Leiderer Apr 1993

Temperature Dependence Of Optical Properties For Amorphous Silicon At Wavelengths Of 632.8 And 752 Nm, P.T. Leung, Nhan Do, Oguz Yavas, Andrew C. Tam, Wing P. Leung, Hee K. Park, Costas P. Grigoropoulos, Johannes Boneberg, Paul Leiderer

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

The temperature dependence of the optical properties for amorphous silicon is studied at wavelengths of 632.8 and 752 nm. Both the refractive index and extinction coefficient increase linearly with temperature for 752 nm, while the refractive index decreases and the extinction coefficient increases for 632.8 nm. The rate of increase of the extinction coefficient at 632.8 nm is twice as much as that for 752 nm.


Photodeflection Probing Of The Explosion Of A Liquid Film In Contact With A Solid Heated By Pulsed Excimer Laser Irradiation, P.T. Leung, Nhan Do, Leander Klees, Andrew C. Tam, Wing P. Leung Apr 1993

Photodeflection Probing Of The Explosion Of A Liquid Film In Contact With A Solid Heated By Pulsed Excimer Laser Irradiation, P.T. Leung, Nhan Do, Leander Klees, Andrew C. Tam, Wing P. Leung

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

The explosion or rapid vaporization of a liquid film on an opaque surface by a pulsed laser is studied experimentally. Using a probe-beam deflection sensing (PDS) scheme, together with a previously developed transmission monitor, the distortion of the PDS signal due to the generation of shock waves by the exploding liquid is investigated. Various liquids, including alcohols and pure water in contact with substrates such as polyimide, amorphous carbon, and silicon, are studied for a wide range of excimer laser fluences. It is concluded that the present PDS technique is highly sensitive to the explosion threshold.


Hydrodynamic Theory Of Multicomponent Diffusion And Thermal Diffusion In Multitemperature Gas Mixtures, John D. Ramshaw Jan 1993

Hydrodynamic Theory Of Multicomponent Diffusion And Thermal Diffusion In Multitemperature Gas Mixtures, John D. Ramshaw

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

A phenomenological theory is developed for multicomponent diffusion, including thermal diffusion, in gas mixtures in which the components may have different temperatures. The theory is based on the hydrodynamic approach of Maxwell and Stefan, as extended and elaborated by Furry [1] and Williams [2]. The present development further extends these earlier treatments to multiple temperatures and multicomponent thermal diffusion. The resulting diffusion fluxes obey generalized Stefan-Maxwell relations which include the effects of ordinary, forced, pressure, and thermal diffusion. When thermal diffusion is neglected, these relations have the same form as the usual single-temperature ones, except that mole fractions are replaced ...