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Articles 1 - 10 of 10

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Quantum Dynamical Phenomena Of Independent Electrons In Semiconductor Superlattices Subject To A Uniform Electric Field , Ann Marie Bouchard Jan 1993

Quantum Dynamical Phenomena Of Independent Electrons In Semiconductor Superlattices Subject To A Uniform Electric Field , Ann Marie Bouchard

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

We solve the time-dependent Schrodinger equation for independent electrons in both periodic and aperiodic semiconductor superlattices with a superimposed static uniform electric field, F, using both analytical and numerical methods. In the case of periodic superlattices, in suitable circumstances the electron exhibits Bloch oscillations in the form of long-lived and virtually time-periodic sinusoidal center-of-mass oscillations. Depending on the miniband structure of the superlattice, the value of F, and the detailed form of the initial wave function, other dynamical phenomena can occur which can coexist with or even totally mask the Bloch oscillations. These include a nearly time-periodic coherent breathing mode ...


Rheed Studies Of The Nucleation, Growth, And Mobility Of Ag Atoms On The Si(111)7x7 Surface , Kelly Ryan Roos Jan 1993

Rheed Studies Of The Nucleation, Growth, And Mobility Of Ag Atoms On The Si(111)7x7 Surface , Kelly Ryan Roos

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The low temperature and flux dependent growth of ultrathin Ag films on the Si(111)7 x 7 surface is studied with Reflection High-Energy Electron Diffraction (RHEED). The grazing incidence geometry of RHEED allows for an incident molecular beam normal to the surface, and makes it an ideal surface probe for studying ultrathin film growth in real time. Short-lived oscillations in the diffracted intensity are observed during Ag deposition at 150 K, indicating quasi-layer-by-layer growth mediated by adatom mobility. When the 150 K growth is performed over a wide range of deposition rates F, the peak intensity is observed to ...


Growth And Characterization Of Polysilicon Films Deposited By Reactive Plasma Beam Epitaxy , Behnam Moradi Jan 1993

Growth And Characterization Of Polysilicon Films Deposited By Reactive Plasma Beam Epitaxy , Behnam Moradi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Polycrystalline silicon was deposited at low temperatures (400-550°C) by using a new technique, reactive plasma beam epitaxy. The technique consists of using an intense flux of hydrogen radicals, generated by an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) source to promote nucleation and crystallinity at low temperatures. The film structure could be smoothly changed from polysilicon to amorphous by changing the flux of incoming H radicals on the surface of the sample. The flux of hydrogen radicals can be controlled by changing the deposition pressure, with lower pressures leading to a higher H radical flux and greater degree of crystallinity. The effect ...


Investigation Of The Phase Equilibria And Phase Transformations Associated With The Bi2sr2cacu2oy Superconductor , Terry George Holesinger Jan 1993

Investigation Of The Phase Equilibria And Phase Transformations Associated With The Bi2sr2cacu2oy Superconductor , Terry George Holesinger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Compositional measurements of the Bi[subscript]2Sr[subscript]2CaCu[subscript]2O[subscript]y (2212) solid solution region were performed in the TEM in order to separate intergrowth and solid solubility effects. Most of the solid solubility is accounted for by changes in the Sr and Ca concentrations. Changes in the Bi concentration account for the rest. Based on these results, two substitution schemes were determined to occur. The first is just the interchange between Sr and Ca. The second involves the substitution of Bi for Sr or Ca. It appears to be unfavorable for Sr or Ca to substitute for ...


Density Functional Studies: First Principles And Semi-Empirical Calculations Of Clusters And Surfaces , Susan Buthaina Sinnott Jan 1993

Density Functional Studies: First Principles And Semi-Empirical Calculations Of Clusters And Surfaces , Susan Buthaina Sinnott

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the research presented here, various theoretical electronic structure techniques are utilized to analyze widely different systems from silicon clusters to transition metal solids and surfaces. For the silicon clusters, first principles density functional methods are used to investigate Si[subscript] N for N = 2-8. The goal is to understand the different types of bonding that can occur in such small clusters where the coordination of the atoms differs substantially from that of the stable bulk tetrahedral bonding. Such uncoordinated structures can provide a good test of more approximate theories that can be used eventually to model silicon surfaces, of ...


Theoretical Studies Of Zirconium And Carbon Clusters With Molecular Dynamics Simulations , Bulin Zhang Jan 1993

Theoretical Studies Of Zirconium And Carbon Clusters With Molecular Dynamics Simulations , Bulin Zhang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

With the aim of understanding the anomalous phonon behavior near the martensitic phase transition in Zr, we have simulated the dynamics of atomic motion in the high temperature bcc phase of Zr using an embedded-atom potential. The calculated dynamical structure factors reproduce the strong asymmetry in the scattering cross-sections in different Brillouin zones observed in inelastic neutron scattering experiments. From the real-space atomic picture, we observed the phase fluctuations between bcc and low temperature phase hcp. It is found that the anomalous phonon behavior arises from the incompleteness of the phase fluctuations;Combining an efficient simulated annealing scheme for generating ...


Synthesis, Characterization, Phase Diagrams And Superconducting And Normal State Magnetic Properties Of La[Subscript 2-X]Sr[Subscript X]Cuo4 (0 [Less Than Or Equal To] X [Less Than Or Equal To] 0.08) And Electrochemically Oxidized La[Subscript 2-X]Sr[Subscript X]Cuo[Subscript 4 + Delta] (0 [Less Than Or Equal To] X [Less Than Or Equal To] 0.33, 0 [Less Than Or Equal To Delta Less Than Or Equal To] 0.12) , Fangcheng Chou Jan 1993

Synthesis, Characterization, Phase Diagrams And Superconducting And Normal State Magnetic Properties Of La[Subscript 2-X]Sr[Subscript X]Cuo4 (0 [Less Than Or Equal To] X [Less Than Or Equal To] 0.08) And Electrochemically Oxidized La[Subscript 2-X]Sr[Subscript X]Cuo[Subscript 4 + Delta] (0 [Less Than Or Equal To] X [Less Than Or Equal To] 0.33, 0 [Less Than Or Equal To Delta Less Than Or Equal To] 0.12) , Fangcheng Chou

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

La[subscript] 2-xSr[subscript] xCuO[subscript]4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.15) can all be intercalated with oxygen by an novel electrochemical oxidation method. Bulk superconductivity is found with an onset T[subscript] c ≈ 40 K for the whole range 0.01 ≤ x ≤ 0.15; for x = 0.25 and 0.33, the electrochemical oxidation did not improve the superconducting properties. The magnetic susceptibility [chi](T = 50-320 K) data for La[subscript]2CuO[subscript]4.11 and La[subscript]1.92Sr[subscript]0.08CuO[subscript]4.07 are nearly identical with those of conventionally prepared La[subscript]1.85Sr[subscript]0 ...


Circular Magnetic X-Ray Dichroism In Rare Earth Compounds , Jonathan Clark Lang Jan 1993

Circular Magnetic X-Ray Dichroism In Rare Earth Compounds , Jonathan Clark Lang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Circular magnetic x-ray dichroism (CMXD) has been used to probe the magnetic properties of rare earth compounds. This study has been undertaken in two distinct parts. First, the angular dependence of the CMXD signal has been examined in order to determine the multiple nature of the transitions involved. Second, the nature of the dichroic spectra of amorphous and crystalline GdFe[subscript]2 has been probed. CMXD offers a unique probe of the magnetic properties of amorphous materials providing information that is not available from any other technique;Previous CMXD measurements at the L edges of rare earth materials have demonstrated ...


Theoretical Study Of The Noble Metals On Semiconductor Surfaces And Ti-Base Shape Memory Alloys , Yungui Ding Jan 1993

Theoretical Study Of The Noble Metals On Semiconductor Surfaces And Ti-Base Shape Memory Alloys , Yungui Ding

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The electronic and structural properties of the (√3 x √3) R30° Ag/Si(111) and (√3 x √3) R30° Au/Si(111) surfaces are investigated using first principles total energy calculations. We have tested almost all experimentally proposed structural models for both surfaces and found the energetically most favorable model for each of them. The lowest energy model structure of the (√3 x √3) R30° Ag/Si(111) surface consists of a top layer of Ag atoms arranged as "honeycomb-chained-trimers" lying above a distorted "missing top layer" Si(111) substrate. The coverage of Ag is 1 monolayer (ML). We find ...


Impedance Spectroscopy And Nmr Studies Of Fast Ion Conducting Chalcogenide Glasses , Hitendra Kumar Patel Jan 1993

Impedance Spectroscopy And Nmr Studies Of Fast Ion Conducting Chalcogenide Glasses , Hitendra Kumar Patel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two fully automated, temperature controlled, impedance spectroscopy workstations have been developed for this project. Impedance spectroscopy studies of glasses have been performed over the wide frequency (1 Hz-1 GHz) and wide temperature (100-500 K) range;This study yields the first-ever full compositional (three decades) range examination of the Na[subscript]2S + B[subscript]2S[subscript]3 and K[subscript]2S + B[subscript]2S[subscript]3 systems. The activation energy is modeled using a modified Anderson-Stuart model that predicts well the results for the low alkali glasses. a.c. conductivity is examined through the electrical modulus formalism and the Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts decay ...