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Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1993

Iowa State University

Condensed Matter Physics

Paul C. Canfield

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Resistivity Of The High-Temperature Metallic Phase Of Vo2, Werner W. Schulz, Philip B. Allen, Renate M. Wentzcovitch, Paul C. Canfield Aug 1993

Resistivity Of The High-Temperature Metallic Phase Of Vo2, Werner W. Schulz, Philip B. Allen, Renate M. Wentzcovitch, Paul C. Canfield

Paul C. Canfield

Measurements are reported on the electrical resistivity ρ(T) along the c axis of a single crystal of VO2, from the metal-insulator transition at T=333 K up to 840 K. The temperature dependence is very linear, and a fit to Bloch-Grüneisen theory gives a residual resistivity ρ0=65 μΩ cm and a ratio ρ(840 K)/ρ0=8. With the help of a local-density-approximation band-structure calculation, we further pursue the conventional (Bloch-Boltzmann) interpretation by extracting the electron-phonon coupling constant λ=1.1 and the mean free path l(800 K)=3.3 Å. The short mean free path implies ...


Nqr Study Of Local Structure And Cooling Rate‐Dependent Superconductivity In La2cuo4+Δ, A. P. Reyes, E. T. Ahrens, P. C. Hammel, J. D. Thompson, Paul C. Canfield, Z. Fisk, R. H. Heffner, J. E. Schirber Jan 1993

Nqr Study Of Local Structure And Cooling Rate‐Dependent Superconductivity In La2cuo4+Δ, A. P. Reyes, E. T. Ahrens, P. C. Hammel, J. D. Thompson, Paul C. Canfield, Z. Fisk, R. H. Heffner, J. E. Schirber

Paul C. Canfield

Preliminary results of structural studies in oxygen‐annealed La2CuO4+δ(δ∼0.03) using 139La nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) spectroscopy are reported. Superconducting critical temperatures were found to depend on the rate of cooling through a narrow temperature range near 195 K. Analysis of the 139La NQR spectra reveal that lanthanum atoms in the oxygen‐rich metallic region occupy two sites having different local environments. One site has a structural configuration closely related to the stoichiometric oxygen‐poor compound. The second appears only below 200 K and exhibits a large shift and broad distribution of NQR frequency ν Q . Shifts ...