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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Microphysical Approach To Nonequilibrium Dynamics Of Quantum Fields, Marcelo Gleiser, Rudnei O. Ramos Nov 1993

Microphysical Approach To Nonequilibrium Dynamics Of Quantum Fields, Marcelo Gleiser, Rudnei O. Ramos

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We examine the nonequilibrium dynamics of a self-interacting λφ4 scalar field theory. Using a real time formulation of finite temperature field theory we derive, up to two loops and O(λ2), the effective equation of motion describing the approach to equilibrium. We present a detailed analysis of the approxi- mations used in order to obtain a Langevin-like equation of motion, in which the noise and dissipation terms associated with quantum fluctuations obey a fluctuation-dissipation relation. We show that, in general, the noise is colored (time-dependent) and multiplicative (couples nonlinearly to the field), even though it is still Gaussian distributed. The ...


Pseudostable Bubbles, Marcelo Gleiser Aug 1993

Pseudostable Bubbles, Marcelo Gleiser

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

The evolution of spherically symmetric unstable scalar field configura- tions (“bubbles”) is examined for both symmetric (SDWP) and asymmet- ric (ADWP) double-well potentials. Bubbles with initial static energiesE0 ∼< Ecrit, where Ecrit is some critical value, shrink in a time scale deter- mined by their linear dimension, or “radius”. Bubbles with E0 ∼> Ecrit evolve into time-dependent, localized configurations which are very long-lived com- pared to characteristic time-scales in the models examined. The stability of these configurations is investigated and possible applications are briefly discussed.


Metastability In Two Dimensions And The Effective Potential, Mark Alford, Marcelo Gleiser Apr 1993

Metastability In Two Dimensions And The Effective Potential, Mark Alford, Marcelo Gleiser

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We study analytically and numerically the decay of a metastable phase in (2+1)-dimensional classical scalar field theory coupled to a heat bath, which is equivalent to two-dimensional Euclidean quantum field theory at zero temperature. By a numerical simulation we obtain the nucleation barrier as a function of the parameters of the potential, and compare it to the theoretical prediction from the bounce (critical bubble) calculation. We find the nucleation barrier to be accurately predicted by theory using the bounce configuration obtained from the tree-level (“classical”) effective action. Within the range of parameters probed, we found that using the ...


Distinguishing A Charged Higgs Signal From A Heavy Wr Signal, David I. Kaiser Mar 1993

Distinguishing A Charged Higgs Signal From A Heavy Wr Signal, David I. Kaiser

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

It is shown that non-Standard Model bosons should obey an observable asymmetry in their decays to taus. This asymmetry enables a distinction to be made between charged Higgsboson signalsand heavy right-handed Wboson signals,by reconstructing the orientation of the z with respect to the beam axis.