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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Apparent And True Feature Heights In Force Microscopy, Nancy Burnham Jul 1993

Apparent And True Feature Heights In Force Microscopy, Nancy Burnham

Nancy A. Burnham

In a force microscope, the stiffness of the cantilever beam convolutes with the tipā€sample interaction stiffness to influence the data in a systematic way. The analysis presented here relates the measured feature height to the true feature height in the variable force, constant force, and constant force gradient modes of operation. In this way, one can understand previously published data: the enhanced measured atomic corrugation observed in high resolution force microscopy images, its increase with load, and the improved resolution of lateral force images. The correct interaction stiffness can be obtained for use in surface force and mechanical properties ...


Burnham, Colton, And Pollock Reply, Nancy Burnham, Rj Colton, Hm Pollock Jan 1993

Burnham, Colton, And Pollock Reply, Nancy Burnham, Rj Colton, Hm Pollock

Nancy A. Burnham

It is not necessary to obtain permission to reuse this article or its components as it is available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided attribution to the author (s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI are maintained. Please note that some figures may have been included with permission from other third parties. It is your responsibility to obtain the proper permission from the rights holder


Physics Students' Understanding Of Relative Speed: A Phenomenographic Study, Eleanor Walsh, Gloria Dall'alba, John Bowden, Elaine Martin, Ference Marton, Geoff Masters, Paul Ramsden, Andrew Stephanou Dec 1992

Physics Students' Understanding Of Relative Speed: A Phenomenographic Study, Eleanor Walsh, Gloria Dall'alba, John Bowden, Elaine Martin, Ference Marton, Geoff Masters, Paul Ramsden, Andrew Stephanou

Prof Geoff Masters AO

It is important that students of physics develop both quantitative and qualitative understanding of physical concepts and principles. Although accuracy and reliability in solving quantitative problems is necessary, a qualitative understanding is required in applying concepts and principles to new problems and in real-life situations. If students are not able to understand what underlies quantitative problem-solving procedures nor interpret the solution in physical terms, it is questionable whether they have developed an adequate understanding of physics. The research reported here is part of a larger phenomenographic study that is concerned with the assessment of physics students' understanding of some basic ...