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1993

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Two-Temperature Discrete Model For Nonlocal Heat Conduction, Sergey Sobolev Dec 1993

Two-Temperature Discrete Model For Nonlocal Heat Conduction, Sergey Sobolev

Sergey Sobolev

The two-temperature discrete model for heat conduction in heterogeneous media is proposed. It is shown that the discrete model contains as limiting cases both hyperbolic and parabolic heat conduction equations for propagative and diffusive regimes, respectively. To obtain these limiting cases two different laws of continuum limit have been introduced. The evolution of the two-temperature system comprises three stages with distinct time scales : fast relaxation of each subsystem to local equilibrium, energy exchange between the subsystems and classical hydrodynamics.


Lattice-Dynamical Study Of The Premartensitic State Of The Cu-Al-Be Alloys, Lluís Mañosa, Jerel L. Zarestky, Thomas A. Lograsso, Dwight W. Delaney, C. Stassis Dec 1993

Lattice-Dynamical Study Of The Premartensitic State Of The Cu-Al-Be Alloys, Lluís Mañosa, Jerel L. Zarestky, Thomas A. Lograsso, Dwight W. Delaney, C. Stassis

Ames Laboratory Publications

Neutron-scattering techniques have been used to study the premartensitic state of a family of Cu-Al-Be alloys, which transform from the bcc phase to an 18R martensitic structure. We find that the phonon modes of the TA2[110] branch have very low energies with anomalous temperature dependence. A slight anomaly at q=2/3 was observed; this anomaly, however, does not change significantly with temperature. No elastic peaks, related to the martensite structure, were found in the premartensitic state of these alloys. The results are compared with measurements, performed under the same instrumental conditions, on two Cu-Al-Ni and a Cu-Zn-Al ...


Comparison Of Suppression Across Frequencies, Linda M. Thibodeau, Marc A. Fagelson Nov 1993

Comparison Of Suppression Across Frequencies, Linda M. Thibodeau, Marc A. Fagelson

Marc A. Fagelson

Although much research has focused on the temporal, spectral, and intensity relationships between a masker and a suppressor, there has been little attention directed towards relative amounts of suppression in different frequency regions. The purpose of this experiment was to compare the magnitude of suppression at 500 and 2000 Hz in two forward‐masking experiments with seven normal‐hearing persons. In the first experiment, the threshold for a 10‐ms probe was determined as the bandwidth of a 400‐ms masker increased from 0.05 to 1.6 times the probe frequency. Suppression was determined by observing a decrease in ...


Sensitivity Improvement Of A 1-Μm Ladar System Incorporating An Active Optical Fiber Preamplifier, Michael S. Salisbury, Paul F. Mcmanamon, Bradley D. Duncan Nov 1993

Sensitivity Improvement Of A 1-Μm Ladar System Incorporating An Active Optical Fiber Preamplifier, Michael S. Salisbury, Paul F. Mcmanamon, Bradley D. Duncan

Electro-Optics and Photonics Faculty Publications

In an effort to increase the SNR of a continuous wave, 1-μm all solid state ladar system, a rare-earth-doped optical fiber amplifier is investigated as a preamplifier for ladar return signals. The experimental system is detailed and a theoretical analysis of the fiber amplifier's effect on both heterodyne and direct detection schemes is provided. Beginning with the optical powers incident on the detector, the signal and noises are analyzed, through the detector electronics, to predict the SNR. The SNR is then plotted as a function of the return signal power, and a SNR threshold is defined to determine a ...


Inclusion Of Charge Correlations In Calculations Of The Energetics And Electronic Structure For Random Substitutional Alloys, Duane D. Johnson, F. J. Pinski Oct 1993

Inclusion Of Charge Correlations In Calculations Of The Energetics And Electronic Structure For Random Substitutional Alloys, Duane D. Johnson, F. J. Pinski

Duane D. Johnson

Currently, the coherent-potential approximation (CPA) implemented via the multiple-scattering theory of Korringa, Kohn, and Rostoker (KKR) gives the best first-principles description of the electronic structure for random substitutional alloys. However, the total energy has an important component of electrostatic energy missing, namely, that arising from the correlation of charges with varying atomic environments. We develop a ‘‘charge-correlated’’ CPA method (cc-CPA) which includes (some) local environmental charge correlations within the KKR-CPA method. We investigate the cc-CPA energetics for several alloys and show that the formation energies are in better agreement with experimental results. These calculations show that the excess charge on ...


Proposal For A Dod Combined Battlefield Electromagnetic Environmental Effects (E3) Initiative, George H. Baker Iii Oct 1993

Proposal For A Dod Combined Battlefield Electromagnetic Environmental Effects (E3) Initiative, George H. Baker Iii

Department of Integrated Science and Technology - Faculty Scholarship

The presentation emphasizes the growing importance of electromagnetic survivability and compatibility. Operation Desert Storm demonstrated the clear military advantage provided by sophisticated electronic weapon and communication systems. In addition, the offensive tactic of taking out the enemy's eyes and ears during the air war paid off, giving our military decisive air superiority. The lessons for the future are clear. High-tech electronics now so dominates the battlefield that the outcome of future conflicts could well be decided by electronics attrition rather than human casualties. Our Desert Storm experience thus accentuates the importance of guaranteeing that our electronic systems will not ...


Correlation Functions For Ionic Motion From Nmr Relaxation And Electrical Conductivity In The Glassy Fast-Ion Conductor (Li2s)0.56(Sis2)0.44, Ivar Svare, Ferdinando Borsa, D. R. Torgeson, Steve W. Martin Oct 1993

Correlation Functions For Ionic Motion From Nmr Relaxation And Electrical Conductivity In The Glassy Fast-Ion Conductor (Li2s)0.56(Sis2)0.44, Ivar Svare, Ferdinando Borsa, D. R. Torgeson, Steve W. Martin

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The Li7 NMR spin-lattice relaxation and the electrical conductivity in the typical glassy fast-ion conductor (Li2S)0.56(SiS2)0.44 are discussed from models of Li+ionic motion with distributions of activation energies, as well as from stretched-exponential time-correlation functions. The measured correlation times from the two effects differ by two orders of magnitude, and the derived distributions are shifted greatly relative to each other. We relate the great differences to percolation around the high barriers in the distribution. We present a phenomenological theory that yields good quantitative fits to the observed NMR relaxation with a Gaussian distribution, and ...


Enhanced Differential Magnetostrictive Response In Annealed Terfenol‐D, N. Galloway, M. P. Schulze, R. D. Greenough, David C. Jiles Aug 1993

Enhanced Differential Magnetostrictive Response In Annealed Terfenol‐D, N. Galloway, M. P. Schulze, R. D. Greenough, David C. Jiles

Ames Laboratory Publications

The field and pressure dependencies of the magnetostriction of Tb0.316Dy0.684Fe1.982 have been measured in a grain‐oriented rod after thermally annealing for 1 day at 850 °C and for 4 days at 950 °C in an argon atmosphere. The results of the heat treatment are a fivefold increase in the strain coefficient d 33(=dλ/dH) and a 100% increase in the maximum strain (λ). There was also an increase in the λ‐vs‐Hhysteresis. Under compressive uniaxial stress there was virtually no bulk change in magnetostrictive strain until the ...


Electronic Simulation Of The Temporal Characteristics Of Photon Memory Echoes And Some Related Applications, Yuwen Kuo, Monish Ranjan Chatterjee Aug 1993

Electronic Simulation Of The Temporal Characteristics Of Photon Memory Echoes And Some Related Applications, Yuwen Kuo, Monish Ranjan Chatterjee

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

The characteristics of nonlinear photon memory echoes are investigated by means of SPICE simulations using equivalent resonator ensembles. By developing implicit nonlinear circuit models in the memory echo domain, the triple product formalism of electronic holography, involving correlation and convolution, is tested for the storage and recall of arbitrary signals and/or data bit streams in both time-inverted and nontime-inverted modes. Furthermore, a few specific optical data processing applications are also simulated in which the mixed binary multiplication of two or more binary bit streams is achieved.

Higher order products, optical pattern recognition, and other possible applications are also discussed ...


Dynamical X-Ray Diffraction From An Icosahedral Quasicrystal, S. W. Kycia, Alan I. Goldman, Thomas A. Lograsso, Dwight W. Delaney, D. Black, M. Sutton, E. Dufresne, R. Brüning, B. Rodricks Aug 1993

Dynamical X-Ray Diffraction From An Icosahedral Quasicrystal, S. W. Kycia, Alan I. Goldman, Thomas A. Lograsso, Dwight W. Delaney, D. Black, M. Sutton, E. Dufresne, R. Brüning, B. Rodricks

Ames Laboratory Publications

We present direct evidence of dynamical diffraction of x rays from a quasicrystal. High-resolution x-ray-diffraction measurements of the Al-Pd-Mn face-centered icosahedral quasicrystal were performed, revealing a mosaic full width at half maximum of less than 0.001°. In a second experiment, the anomalous transmission of x rays (the Borrmann effect) was observed. These measurements show that nearly perfect quasicrystals may be grown to centimeter-size dimensions allowing x-ray techniques based upon dynamical diffraction to be brought to bear on the analysis of icosahedral structures.


35th Rocky Mountain Conference On Analytical Chemistry Jul 1993

35th Rocky Mountain Conference On Analytical Chemistry

Rocky Mountain Conference on Magnetic Resonance

Program, abstracts, and information about the 35th annual meeting of the Rocky Mountain Conference on Analytical Chemistry, co-sponsored by the Colorado Section of the American Chemical Society and the Rocky Mountain Section of the Society for Applied Spectroscopy. Held in Denver, Colorado, July 25-29, 1993.


Low‐Cost Technique For Preparing N‐Sb2S3/P‐Si Heterojunction Solar Cells, O. Savadogo, K. C. Mandal Jul 1993

Low‐Cost Technique For Preparing N‐Sb2S3/P‐Si Heterojunction Solar Cells, O. Savadogo, K. C. Mandal

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


A Model For Hysteretic Magnetic Properties Under The Application Of Noncoaxial Stress And Field, Martin J. Sablik, S. W. Rubin, L. A. Riley, David C. Jiles, David A. Kaminski, S. B. Biner Jul 1993

A Model For Hysteretic Magnetic Properties Under The Application Of Noncoaxial Stress And Field, Martin J. Sablik, S. W. Rubin, L. A. Riley, David C. Jiles, David A. Kaminski, S. B. Biner

Center for Nondestructive Evaluation Publications

Although descriptions of the effect of stress on spontaneous magnetization within a single domain already exist, there remains no adequate mathematical model for the effects of noncoaxial magnetic field and stress on bulk magnetization in a multidomained specimen. This article addresses the problem and provides a phenomenological theory that applies to the case of bulk isotropic materials. The magnetomechanical hysteresis model of Sablik and Jiles is thus extended to treat magnetic properties in the case of noncoaxial stress and magnetic field in an isotropic, polycrystalline medium. In the modeling, noncollinearity between magnetization and magnetic field is taken into account. The ...


Photopolarimeter Based On Planar Grating Diffraction, R. M.A. Azzam, K. A. Giardina Jun 1993

Photopolarimeter Based On Planar Grating Diffraction, R. M.A. Azzam, K. A. Giardina

Electrical Engineering Faculty Publications

A division-of-amplitude photopolarimeter (DOAP) is described that employs a diffraction grating in the conventional spectrometer orientation with the grating grooves normal to the plane of incidence. Four coplanar diffracted orders are used for polarimetric analysis to determine all four Stokes parameters of incident light simultaneously and virtually instantaneously (with the speed being determined solely by the photodetectors and their associated electronics); a fifth order is used for alignment by autocollimation or by use of a position-sensing quadrant detector. To sensitize the instrument for the +45° and -45° azimuths of incident linearly polarized light and for the handedness of incident circular ...


Measurements Of Magnetic Circuit Characteristics For Comprehension Of Intrinsic Magnetic Properties Of Materials From Surface Inspection, Z. J. Chen, Michael K. Devine, David C. Jiles May 1993

Measurements Of Magnetic Circuit Characteristics For Comprehension Of Intrinsic Magnetic Properties Of Materials From Surface Inspection, Z. J. Chen, Michael K. Devine, David C. Jiles

Ames Laboratory Publications

A transfer function is presented for calculating magnetic field and flux density inside a test material as a result of surface measurement. By considering flux leakage, we introduce a parameter η, called the leakage coefficient, which can be experimentally determined. It is introduced into the equations to make the transfer function more practical. The distribution of field inside a test material is then discussed in accordance with a surfacemagnetic charge model.


Magnescope: Applications In Nondestructive Evaluation, Michael K. Devine, David C. Jiles, A. R. Eichmann, David A. Kaminski, S. Hardwick May 1993

Magnescope: Applications In Nondestructive Evaluation, Michael K. Devine, David C. Jiles, A. R. Eichmann, David A. Kaminski, S. Hardwick

Ames Laboratory Publications

This paper describes recent results obtained with the Magnescope, which has been used on location in industrial environments and has successfully detected impending fatigue failure, creep damage, applied stress, and microstructural differences. It is concluded that the device provides a useful nondestructive method for evaluating the mechanical properties of materials through the measurement of their structure sensitive magnetic properties.


Analytic Model Calculation Of Magnetic Field In A Magnetic Half‐Space Due To Surface Magnetic Charge, Z. J. Chen, Madhav Rao Govindaraju, David C. Jiles May 1993

Analytic Model Calculation Of Magnetic Field In A Magnetic Half‐Space Due To Surface Magnetic Charge, Z. J. Chen, Madhav Rao Govindaraju, David C. Jiles

Ames Laboratory Publications

By analogy with electrostatic field, a simple analytic model is presented on the distribution of magnetic field inside a test material as a result of surface inspection with a magnetic probe. According to this model, the penetration depth of the magnetic field is defined and the permeability of the material at different depths is calculated. Finally, the magnetic flux inside the inspection head when placed on samples of different thicknesses is calculated and compared with experimental results.


Evaluation Of Fatigue Damage In Steel Structural Components By Magnetoelastic Barkhausen Signal Analysis, Madhav Rao Govindaraju, Andrew Strom, David C. Jiles, S. B. Biner, Z. J. Chen May 1993

Evaluation Of Fatigue Damage In Steel Structural Components By Magnetoelastic Barkhausen Signal Analysis, Madhav Rao Govindaraju, Andrew Strom, David C. Jiles, S. B. Biner, Z. J. Chen

Ames Laboratory Publications

This paper is concerned with using a magnetic technique for the evaluation of fatigue damage in steel structural components. It is shown that Barkhausen effect measurements can be used to indicate impending failure due to fatigue under certain conditions. The Barkhausen signal amplitude is known to be highly sensitive to changes in density and distribution of dislocations in materials. The sensitivity of Barkhausen signal amplitude to fatigue damage has been studied in the low‐cycle fatigue regime using smooth tensile specimens of a medium strength steel. The Barkhausen measurements were taken at depths of penetration of 0.02, 0.07 ...


Modeling Of Micromagnetic Barkhausen Activity Using A Stochastic Process Extension To The Theory Of Hysteresis, David C. Jiles, Levent B. Sipahi, G. Williams May 1993

Modeling Of Micromagnetic Barkhausen Activity Using A Stochastic Process Extension To The Theory Of Hysteresis, David C. Jiles, Levent B. Sipahi, G. Williams

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

Recent work by Bertotti [IEEE Trans. Magn. MAG‐24, 621 (1988)] and others has shown that it is possible to model the micromagnetic Barkhausen discontinuities at the coercive point using a two‐parameter stochastic model. However, the present formulation of the model is restricted to limited regions of the hysteresis curve over which dM/dH is approximately constant and whendH/dt is held at a constant rate. A natural extension of this model is to take the basic result, in which the level of Barkhausen activity in one time period is related to the activity in the previous time ...


Comprehensive Analysis Of Barkhausen Emission Spectra Using Pulse Height Analysis, Frequency Spectrum, And Pulse Wave Form Analysis, Levent B. Sipahi, David C. Jiles, D. Chandler May 1993

Comprehensive Analysis Of Barkhausen Emission Spectra Using Pulse Height Analysis, Frequency Spectrum, And Pulse Wave Form Analysis, Levent B. Sipahi, David C. Jiles, D. Chandler

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The dependence of magnetic Barkhausen emissions (MBE) upon both field excitation and detection frequencies and excitation wave form was studied in order to investigate two of several crucial factors which affect the emissions. Sinusoidal, triangular, and square wave forms were used to generate the MBE and the pulse height spectra, frequency spectra, and pulse wave forms of these signals were analyzed. The frequency spectra of sinusoidal and triangular alternating field excitations showed similar behavior but the spectrum under square wave excitation was different due to the existence of high frequency components during square wave switching. As yet, no common standard ...


Viscoelastic Properties Of A Bent And Straight Dimeric Liquid Crystal, Gregory A. Dilisi, Charles Rosenblatt, Anselm C. Griffin, Eugene M. Terentjev Apr 1993

Viscoelastic Properties Of A Bent And Straight Dimeric Liquid Crystal, Gregory A. Dilisi, Charles Rosenblatt, Anselm C. Griffin, Eugene M. Terentjev

Gregory A. DiLisi

Absolute values for the elastic constants and viscosities are reported in the nematic phase for two dimers based upon the monomer 4.4'-dipentyloxyphenylbenzoate. One dimer has an even number of methylene units in the spacer and, in consequence, is approximately straight in the all-trans conformation. The other dimer has one less methylene unit, and is therefore bent. We find that the ratio K33/K11 for the odd dimer is reduced relative to that for the even member of the series. Moreover, we find that the absolute elastic constants for the odd dimer are of order one-half that of the ...


The Effects Of Electron Radiation On The Glass Transition Temperature Of A Polyetherimide, Kristen Tulloch Kern Apr 1993

The Effects Of Electron Radiation On The Glass Transition Temperature Of A Polyetherimide, Kristen Tulloch Kern

Physics Theses & Dissertations

The effects of electron radiation on a polyetherimide (PEI), Ultem*, were investigated. In particular, the changes in the glass transition temperature (Tg) with absorbed radiation dose were studied. The polymer was exposed to mono-energetic beams of 100-keV electrons and 1.0-MeV electrons for doses up to 100 megagray (MGy). Dosimetry for the exposures was based on Monte-Carlo simulations of the transfer of energy from an energetic electron to the polymer and on comparison to Nylon standards. Dynamic mechanical analysis was used to determine the (Tg) for non-exposed PEI and the changes in (Tg) resulting from irradiation. The ...


Interatomic Forces And Atomic Structure Of Grain Boundaries In Copper-Bismuth Alloys, Min Yan, Mojmír Šob, David E. Luzzi, Vaclav Vitek, Graeme J. Ackland, M. Methfessel, C. O. Rodriguez Mar 1993

Interatomic Forces And Atomic Structure Of Grain Boundaries In Copper-Bismuth Alloys, Min Yan, Mojmír Šob, David E. Luzzi, Vaclav Vitek, Graeme J. Ackland, M. Methfessel, C. O. Rodriguez

Departmental Papers (MSE)

The many-body empirical potentials that describe atomic interactions in the copper-bismuth system were constructed using both experimental data and physical quantities obtained by ab initio full-potential linear muffin-tin orbital calculations for a metastable Cu3Bi compound. These potentials were then used to calculate the structure of a grain boundary in copper containing bismuth, which was at the same time studied by high-resolution electron microscopy (HREM). Excellent agreement between the calculated and observed structures is shown by comparing a through-focal series of observed and calculated images. This agreement validates the constructed potentials, which can be used with a high confidence ...


Tissue Characterization And Imaging Using Photon Density Waves, Lars O. Svaasand, Bruce J. Tromberg, Richard C. Haskell, Tsong-Tseh Tsay, Michael W. Berns Feb 1993

Tissue Characterization And Imaging Using Photon Density Waves, Lars O. Svaasand, Bruce J. Tromberg, Richard C. Haskell, Tsong-Tseh Tsay, Michael W. Berns

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

The optical properties of brain tissues have been evaluated by measuring the phase velocity and attenuation of harmonically modulated light. The phase velocity for photon density waves at 650-nm wavelength has been found to be in the range of 5 to 12% of the corresponding velocity in a nonscattering medium, and the optical penetration depth was in the range 2.9 to 5.2 mm. These results are used to predict the resolution of optical imaging of deep tissue structures by diffusely propagating incoherent photons. The results indicate that structures of a few millimeters in linear dimension can be identified ...


Burnham, Colton, And Pollock Reply, Nancy Burnham, Rj Colton, Hm Pollock Jan 1993

Burnham, Colton, And Pollock Reply, Nancy Burnham, Rj Colton, Hm Pollock

Nancy A. Burnham

It is not necessary to obtain permission to reuse this article or its components as it is available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided attribution to the author (s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI are maintained. Please note that some figures may have been included with permission from other third parties. It is your responsibility to obtain the proper permission from the rights holder


Scattering Of A Sagittal Surface Acoustic Wave From A Large Amplitude Ridge Or A Deep Groove, A. Baghai-Wadji, A. A. Maradudin Jan 1993

Scattering Of A Sagittal Surface Acoustic Wave From A Large Amplitude Ridge Or A Deep Groove, A. Baghai-Wadji, A. A. Maradudin

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

In [1] we presented a Green’s function theory for obtaining the frequencies of acoustic surface shape resonances of sagittal polarization associated with an isolated ridge or groove of rather general shape on a planar, stress-free surface of an isotropic elastic medium (for details we refer to [2]). It was shown that employing Green’s second theorem, and using tensor Green’s functions associated with the boundary value problem, the initial coupled partial differential equations can be converted into a coupled system of integral equations. Further, it was shown that by discretizing the boundary and using the method of moments ...


Application Of Diffracto Sight Ot The Nondestructive Inspection Of Aircraft Structures, Jerzy Komorowski, Ronald W. Gould, David L. Simpson, Omer Hageniers Jan 1993

Application Of Diffracto Sight Ot The Nondestructive Inspection Of Aircraft Structures, Jerzy Komorowski, Ronald W. Gould, David L. Simpson, Omer Hageniers

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

The D Sight optical set up was first assembled nearly ten years ago at Diffracto Ltd. It has received several patents, the first of which was in the United States [1]. Since the mid 1980’s, D Sight has been successfully applied to surface quality inspections, particularly in the automotive and plastics industries. Recently, Komorowski et al. [2–5] have shown several potential applications of D Sight in the field of nondestructive inspection of aircraft structures. The technique has been shown to be particularly effective in locating nonvisible impact damage on large surfaces of aircraft structures built from composite materials ...


Interaction Of Gaussian Acoustic Beams With Plane And Cylindrical Fluid-Loaded Elastic Structures, Jinguang Zhang, Dale E. Chimenti, Smaine Zeroug, Leopold B. Felsen Jan 1993

Interaction Of Gaussian Acoustic Beams With Plane And Cylindrical Fluid-Loaded Elastic Structures, Jinguang Zhang, Dale E. Chimenti, Smaine Zeroug, Leopold B. Felsen

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Nonspecular reflection effects for ultrasonic beams incident from a fluid onto solid surfaces have been studied continuously since the early investigations by Schoch [1]. He calculated the reflected held for both the fluid-loaded halfspace and the plate using a series expansion for the phase of the reflection coefficient. A more accurate expression for Gaussian beam reflection has been derived by Bertoni and Tamir [2], who approximated the reflection coefficient by leading terms in a Laurent series, performing the resulting integrals analytically. Many researchers have contributed to this literature from the experimental [3–5], theoretical [6,7], and numerical sides [8 ...


Laser Generation Of Rayleigh And Lamb Waves For Ultrasonic Nondestructive Testing, R. Costley Jr., Yves H. Berthelot Jan 1993

Laser Generation Of Rayleigh And Lamb Waves For Ultrasonic Nondestructive Testing, R. Costley Jr., Yves H. Berthelot

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Laser ultrasonics has been the focus of several research efforts over the last two decades. The main advantage of the technique is its noncontact nature which alleviates the problem of sensor coupling inherent in conventional techniques. However, laser ultrasonics has some limitations When operated in the thermoelastic regime, where no damage is inflicted on the surface of the specimen, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is very small, particularly when compared with conventional piezoelectric generation.[1] Several authors have proposed increasing the SNR by producing a source with spatial periodicity designed to enhance a particular wavelength. Royer and Dieulasaint [2] have used ...


Advances In Pultiple-Pulse Radio-Frequency-Gradient Imaging Of Solids, John Marohn, David N. Shykind, Margat H. Werner, Daniel P. Weitekamp Jan 1993

Advances In Pultiple-Pulse Radio-Frequency-Gradient Imaging Of Solids, John Marohn, David N. Shykind, Margat H. Werner, Daniel P. Weitekamp

Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become the premier tool for the non-destructive evaluation of soft tissue in living systems [1]. Established liquid-state MRI strategies are generally found to be inappropriate for the imaging of rigid solids, because the linewidth for nuclear magnetic resonance in solids is orders-of-magnitude larger than in liquids. Methods currently under development for the NMR imaging of solids either involve the use of very large (fringe-field) magnetic field gradients to encode spatial information over very short periods of time [2], or employ multiple-pulse line-narrowing techniques that prolong a solid’s apparent transverse relaxation time [3–7]. In ...