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1993

Chemistry

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Neutron-Diffraction And Mössbauer-Effect Studies Of Pr2(Fe1-XMnX)14B, Oran Allan Pringle, Jie Fu, Gary J. Long, William Joseph James, Decai Xie, William B. Yelon, Fernande Grandjean Dec 1993

Neutron-Diffraction And Mössbauer-Effect Studies Of Pr2(Fe1-XMnX)14B, Oran Allan Pringle, Jie Fu, Gary J. Long, William Joseph James, Decai Xie, William B. Yelon, Fernande Grandjean

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A neutron-diffraction investigation of a series of Pr2(Fe 1-xMnx)14B samples, with x values of 0.00, 0.11, 0.22, 0.30, and 0.35, reveals a preference for the manganese to occupy the 8j2 transition-metal site,the transition-metal site with the largest Wigner-Seitz cell volume. Similar site occupancies have been reported previously for Er2(Fe1-xMnx) 14B and Y2(Fe1-xMnx) 14B. An analysis of the 295-K Mössbauer spectrum of Pr2(Fe0.89Mn0.11)14B indicates that the internal ...


Neutron-Diffraction And Mössbauer Effect Study Of The Preferential Silicon Site Occupation And Magnetic Structure Of Nd2Fe14-XSiXB, Gaya Kanishka Marasinghe, Oran Allan Pringle, Gary J. Long, William Joseph James, Dianne J. Xiao, J. L. Li, William B. Yelon, Fernande Grandjean Nov 1993

Neutron-Diffraction And Mössbauer Effect Study Of The Preferential Silicon Site Occupation And Magnetic Structure Of Nd2Fe14-XSiXB, Gaya Kanishka Marasinghe, Oran Allan Pringle, Gary J. Long, William Joseph James, Dianne J. Xiao, J. L. Li, William B. Yelon, Fernande Grandjean

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A neutron-diffraction study of Nd2Fe14-xSixB has shown that silicon preferentially occupies the 4c site in the transition-metal sublattice in Nd2Fe14B. Silicon also exhibits a moderate preference for the 8j1 site, is almost excluded from the 16k2 site, and avoids the 16k1, 8j2, and 4e sites. The silicon site occupancy is correlated with a preference for a silicon atom to have rare-earth atoms in its coordination environment. The Mössbauer spectra of Nd2Fe14-xSixB have been fit with a model which takes into ...


Observation Of Non-Isotropic Auger Angular Distribution In The C(1s) Shape Resonance Of Co, Oliver Hemmers, Franz Heiser, J. Eiben, R. Wehlitz, U. Becker Aug 1993

Observation Of Non-Isotropic Auger Angular Distribution In The C(1s) Shape Resonance Of Co, Oliver Hemmers, Franz Heiser, J. Eiben, R. Wehlitz, U. Becker

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Angle-resolved high-resolution C(KVV) Auger spectra of CO were taken in the vicinity of the C(1s) σ* shape resonance. These spectra show clear evidence for the theoretically predicted anisotropic K-shell Auger emission in molecules. Complementary results from angle-resolved photoion spectroscopy show that the small size of the observed effect is, besides the varying intrinsic anisotropy of the Auger decay, also due to a smaller anisotropy in the primary absorption process than originally predicted but in good agreement with more recent calculations. Contrary to this, satellite Auger transitions show unexpectedly large anisotropies.


Orientational Phase Transition In Na_{X}C_{60} (1, T. Yildirim, J. E. Fischer, A. B. Harris, Peter W. Stephens, Dengfa Liu, Laurent Brard, Robert M. Strongin, Amos B. Smith Iii Aug 1993

Orientational Phase Transition In Na_{X}C_{60} (1, T. Yildirim, J. E. Fischer, A. B. Harris, Peter W. Stephens, Dengfa Liu, Laurent Brard, Robert M. Strongin, Amos B. Smith Iii

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

X-ray diffraction and calorimetry data on cubic NaxC60(1<x60, e.g., Tm(x=1.3)=325 K. The ordered phases are the same as in pure C60: simple cubic, space group Pa3¯, but the orientations in the disordered phase are more restricted. We explain how Na stabilizes the ordered phase to rather high T, while K and Rb do not, in terms of Coulomb interactions between C60 molecules and and Na ions which we calculate from the local charge density of C60.


35th Rocky Mountain Conference On Analytical Chemistry Jul 1993

35th Rocky Mountain Conference On Analytical Chemistry

Rocky Mountain Conference on Magnetic Resonance

Program, abstracts, and information about the 35th annual meeting of the Rocky Mountain Conference on Analytical Chemistry, co-sponsored by the Colorado Section of the American Chemical Society and the Rocky Mountain Section of the Society for Applied Spectroscopy. Held in Denver, Colorado, July 25-29, 1993.


A Neutron Diffraction And Mössbauer Effect Study Of The Magnetic Properties Of Pr2Fe17 And Pr2Fe17N2.6, Gary J. Long, Oran Allan Pringle, Fernande Grandjean, William B. Yelon, K. H. Buschow Jul 1993

A Neutron Diffraction And Mössbauer Effect Study Of The Magnetic Properties Of Pr2Fe17 And Pr2Fe17N2.6, Gary J. Long, Oran Allan Pringle, Fernande Grandjean, William B. Yelon, K. H. Buschow

Chemistry Faculty Research & Creative Works

The neutron diffraction powder patterns of Pr2Fe17 and Pr2Fe17N2.6 have been measured at 295 K and refined within the Th2Zn17 structure type to give the structural changes which occur upon nitrogenation; changes which include a 6.4% expansion of the unit cell volume. The Mössbauer spectra of Pr 2Fe17 and Pr2Fe17N2.6 have been measured between 85 and 295 K and analyzed with a model which is based on the Wigner-Seitz cell environment of each iron site, the basal orientation of ...


Coherence Peak And Superconducting Energy Gap In Rb_{3}C_{60} Observed By Muon Spin Relaxation, R. F. Kiefl, W. A. Macfarlane, K. H. Chow, S. Dunsiger, T. L. Duty, T. M. S. Johnston, J. W. Schneider, J. Sonier, Laurent Brard, Robert M. Strongin, J. E. Fischer, Amos B. Smith Iii Jun 1993

Coherence Peak And Superconducting Energy Gap In Rb_{3}C_{60} Observed By Muon Spin Relaxation, R. F. Kiefl, W. A. Macfarlane, K. H. Chow, S. Dunsiger, T. L. Duty, T. M. S. Johnston, J. W. Schneider, J. Sonier, Laurent Brard, Robert M. Strongin, J. E. Fischer, Amos B. Smith Iii

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

Muon spin relaxation resulting from spin exchange scattering of endohedral muonium (μ+e-) with thermal electronic excitations has been observed in the fullerene superconductor Rb3C60. The temperature dependence of T1-1 shows a coherence peak just below Tc and can be fit to the conventional Hebel-Slichter theory for spin relaxation in a superconductor with a broadened BCS density of states. The average energy gap for electronic excitations, Δ/kB=53(4) K or 2Δ/ kBTc=3.6(3), is consistent with the BCS weak coupling limit.


Existence Of High-Order Superlattices In Orientationally Ordered C_{60}, J. E. Fischer, D. E. Luzzi, K. Kniaź, A. R. Mcghie, D. A. Ricketts-Foot, W. R. Romanow, Gavin B. M. Vaughan, Dayin Li, Allan L. Smith, Robert M. Strongin, M. A. Cichy, Laurent Bard, Amos B. Smith Iii Jun 1993

Existence Of High-Order Superlattices In Orientationally Ordered C_{60}, J. E. Fischer, D. E. Luzzi, K. Kniaź, A. R. Mcghie, D. A. Ricketts-Foot, W. R. Romanow, Gavin B. M. Vaughan, Dayin Li, Allan L. Smith, Robert M. Strongin, M. A. Cichy, Laurent Bard, Amos B. Smith Iii

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

We correlate the presence or absence of high-order modulated structures in solid C60 with the differential scanning calorimetry signature of the orientational ordering transition and other diagnostic data. We have searched for, but not observed, the 2a face-centered cubic structure recently observed in low-temperature electron and single-crystal x-ray diffraction. We conclude that the intrinsic ground state is the previously reported simple cubic structure [space groupPa3¯, a(14 K)=14.06 Å], and that other structures may be stabilized by defects or impurities.


A Neutron Diffraction And Mössbauer Effect Study Of The Magnetic Structure Of Y2(Fe1-XMnX)14B, Gaya Kanishka Marasinghe, Oran Allan Pringle, Gary J. Long, William Joseph James, William B. Yelon, Fernande Grandjean May 1993

A Neutron Diffraction And Mössbauer Effect Study Of The Magnetic Structure Of Y2(Fe1-XMnX)14B, Gaya Kanishka Marasinghe, Oran Allan Pringle, Gary J. Long, William Joseph James, William B. Yelon, Fernande Grandjean

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The magnetic structures of a series of Y2(Fe 1-xMnx)14B samples, with x equal to 0.03, 0.10, 0.25, and 0.37, have been studied by powder neutron diffraction and Mössbauer spectroscopy. Y2(Fe0.97Mn 0.03)14B and Y2(Fe0.9Mn 0.1)14B are ferromagnetic at both 295 and 85 K, Y 2(Fe0.63Mn0.37)14B is paramagnetic at both 295 and 85 K, whereas Y2(Fe0.75Mn 0.25)14B is paramagnetic at ...


Unusual Thermal Stability Of A Site-Ordered Mc60 Rocksalt Structure (M=K, Rb, Or Cs), Q. Zhu, O. Zhou, J. E. Fischer, Andrew R. Mcghie, W. R. Romanow, Robert M. Strongin, M. A. Cichy, Amos B. Smith Iii May 1993

Unusual Thermal Stability Of A Site-Ordered Mc60 Rocksalt Structure (M=K, Rb, Or Cs), Q. Zhu, O. Zhou, J. E. Fischer, Andrew R. Mcghie, W. R. Romanow, Robert M. Strongin, M. A. Cichy, Amos B. Smith Iii

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry of MxC60, with x∼1 and M=K, Rb, or Cs, reveal an unusual T-dependent phase sequence. A low-symmetry ground state is found, while the high-T limit is an ordered rocksalt structure in which only the octahedral sites are occupied. The unusual high-T stability of this ordered phase is attributed to the entropy of molecular orientational disorder and/or thermal disorder of the alkali-metal ions within the octahedral sites. Unique to KxC60 with x≥1.4, we find at intermediate temperatures an fcc site-disordered lattice ...


Multiplet-Changing Auger Transitions In Valence Double Photoionization, U. Becker, Oliver Hemmers, B. Langer, I. Lee, A. Menzel, R. Wehlitz, M. Ya Amusia Feb 1993

Multiplet-Changing Auger Transitions In Valence Double Photoionization, U. Becker, Oliver Hemmers, B. Langer, I. Lee, A. Menzel, R. Wehlitz, M. Ya Amusia

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

The decay of valence satellite states in neon above the first double-ionization threshold has been studied experimentally and theoretically. Special emphasis was given to differentiate between two decay modes: valence Auger and valence-multiplet Auger decay. It is shown that the latter process is predominant in the low kinetic energy part of the spectrum. The main structures of this low-energy Auger spectrum could be designated by help of calculated transition energies and decay rates.


Tables Of Coincidence Orientations For Ordered Tetragonal L Lo Alloys For A Range Of Axial Ratios, Abha Singh, Alexander H. King Jan 1993

Tables Of Coincidence Orientations For Ordered Tetragonal L Lo Alloys For A Range Of Axial Ratios, Abha Singh, Alexander H. King

Alexander H. King

In this paper we develop and apply techniques for computation of CSL, DSCL and step-vector data for grain boundaries in tetragonal materials for a range of axial ratios. This has application to L10 alloys including TiA1, which is a candidate for lightweight high-temperature structural applications. Our results are compared with others and found to be more accurate and complete. We provide data for a wider range of axial ratios than those considered by previous workers. We have also derived equivalent quaternions for tetragonal crystals in tetragonal-crystal coordinates and listed conditions for selecting a unique reduced rotation in tetragonal-crystal coordinates so ...


Fullerene Derivatives And Fullerene Superconductors, H. H. Wang, J. A. Schlueter, A. C. Cooper, J. L. Smart, M. E. Whitten, U. Geiser, K. D. Carlson, J. M. Williams, U. Welp, J. D. Dudek, M. A. Caleca Jan 1993

Fullerene Derivatives And Fullerene Superconductors, H. H. Wang, J. A. Schlueter, A. C. Cooper, J. L. Smart, M. E. Whitten, U. Geiser, K. D. Carlson, J. M. Williams, U. Welp, J. D. Dudek, M. A. Caleca

Faculty Publications - Department of Biology and Chemistry

A series of 1:1 Cgo cycloaddition adducts, CgoA (A = anthracene, butadiene, cyclopentadiene, and methylcyclopentadiene), has been synthesized. The products are cleanly separated and characterized by use of TGA, iH-NMR, IR, and mass spectrometry. Among these adducts, Cgodaethylcyclopentadiene) showed the highest thermal stability and was doped with three equivalents of rubidium. The resulting Rb3C6o(MeCp) is a semiconductor but can be thermally converted to the superconducting Rb3C6O through a retro-Diels-Alder reaction. A one-step doping process to prepare Rb3Ceo crystals has been developed. The optimal doping condition occurs at ~300°C. High superconducting shielding fractions: between 60 and 90% and sharp ...


High-Energy Behavior Of The Double Photoionization Of Helium From 2 To 12 Kev, Jon C. Levin, Ivan A. Sellin, B. M. Johnson, Dennis W. Lindle, R. D. Miller, Y. Azuma, H. G. Berry, D.-H. Lee, N. Berrah Jan 1993

High-Energy Behavior Of The Double Photoionization Of Helium From 2 To 12 Kev, Jon C. Levin, Ivan A. Sellin, B. M. Johnson, Dennis W. Lindle, R. D. Miller, Y. Azuma, H. G. Berry, D.-H. Lee, N. Berrah

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We report the ratio of double-to-single photoionization of He at several photon energies from 2 to 12 keV. By time-of-Aight methods, we find a ratio consistent with an asymptote at 1.5%±0.2%, essentially reached by h v≈4 keV. Fair agreement is obtained with older shake calculations of Byron and Joachain [Phys. Rev. 164, 1 (1967)], of Aberg [Phys. Rev. A 2, 1726 (1970)], and with recent many-body perturbation theory (MBPT) of Ishihara, Hino, and McGuire [Phys. Rev. A 44, 6980 (1991)]. The result lies below earlier MPBT calculations by Amusia et al. [J. Phys. B 8, 1248 ...


Absolute-Convective Instabilities And Their Associated Wave Packets In A Compressible Reacting Mixing Layer, F. Q. Hu, T. L. Jackson, D. G. Lasseigne, C. E. Grosch Jan 1993

Absolute-Convective Instabilities And Their Associated Wave Packets In A Compressible Reacting Mixing Layer, F. Q. Hu, T. L. Jackson, D. G. Lasseigne, C. E. Grosch

Mathematics & Statistics Faculty Publications

In this paper the transition from convective to absolute instability in a reacting compressible mixing layer with finite rate chemistry is examined. The reaction is assumed to be one step, irreversible, and of Arrhenius type. It is shown that absolute instability can exist for moderate heat release without backflow. The effects of the temperature ratio, heat release parameter, Zeldovich number, equivalence ratio, direction of propagation of the disturbances, and the Mach number on the transition value of the velocity ratio are given. The present results are compared to those obtained from the flame sheet model for the temperature using the ...


Pairwise And Many-Body Contributions To Interaction Potentials In He(N) Clusters, Carol A. Parish, Clifford E. Dykstra Jan 1993

Pairwise And Many-Body Contributions To Interaction Potentials In He(N) Clusters, Carol A. Parish, Clifford E. Dykstra

Chemistry Faculty Publications

High level ab initio calculations have been carried out to assess the pairwise additivity of potentials in the attractive or well regions of the potential surfaces of clusters of helium atoms. A large basis set was employed and calculations were done at the Brueckner orbital coupled cluster level. Differences between calculated potentials for several interacting atoms and the corresponding summed pair potentials reveal the three‐body and certain higher order contributions to the interaction strengths. Attraction between rare gas atoms develops from dispersion, and so helium clusters provide the most workable systems for analyzing nonadditivity of dispersion. The results indicate ...


A Geometrical Rationalization Of The Special Properties Of The 14° [001] Grain Boundary In Yba2cu3o7−Δ, Alexander H. King, Abha Singh Jan 1993

A Geometrical Rationalization Of The Special Properties Of The 14° [001] Grain Boundary In Yba2cu3o7−Δ, Alexander H. King, Abha Singh

Alexander H. King

14° [001] tilt grain boundaries in YBa2Cu3O7−δ have been found to exhibit anomalously good superconducting critical currents, associated with magnetic flux pinning, although no special interfacial structure has heretofore been associated with this misorientation. We present an analysis of the geometry of the grain boundary in question and show that it can correspond to a special interface, within the definition of constrained lattice coincidence, which may lead to new understanding of the superconducting behavior of grain boundaries. Our analysis shows that the tetragonal‐to‐orthorhombic phase transformation may have important effects upon grain boundary structure and properties, indicating new ...


An Axial Approach To Detection In Capillary Electrophoresis , John Aaron Taylor Jan 1993

An Axial Approach To Detection In Capillary Electrophoresis , John Aaron Taylor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research has been to develop and demonstrate visualization schemes which further the capabilities of capillary electrophoresis instrumentation. Our approach involves on-axis illumination of the compounds inside the capillary detection region and is applied to absorbance and fluorescence detection;Absorbance measurements were accomplished by focussing an incident beam of laser light into one end of the separation capillary. By utilizing signals collected over the entire length of the analyte band, this technique enhances the analytical path length of conventional absorbance detection sixty fold. The demonstrated instrument offers a fifteen-fold improvement in concentration limits of detection;Three fluorescence ...


Density Functional Studies: First Principles And Semi-Empirical Calculations Of Clusters And Surfaces , Susan Buthaina Sinnott Jan 1993

Density Functional Studies: First Principles And Semi-Empirical Calculations Of Clusters And Surfaces , Susan Buthaina Sinnott

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the research presented here, various theoretical electronic structure techniques are utilized to analyze widely different systems from silicon clusters to transition metal solids and surfaces. For the silicon clusters, first principles density functional methods are used to investigate Si[subscript] N for N = 2-8. The goal is to understand the different types of bonding that can occur in such small clusters where the coordination of the atoms differs substantially from that of the stable bulk tetrahedral bonding. Such uncoordinated structures can provide a good test of more approximate theories that can be used eventually to model silicon surfaces, of ...


A Study Of Molecular Order And Motion In Nematic Liquid Crystal Mixtures, Jon Michael Goetz Jan 1993

A Study Of Molecular Order And Motion In Nematic Liquid Crystal Mixtures, Jon Michael Goetz

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Materials which flow like fluids, but possess anisotropic properties like molecular crystals, are called 'liquid crystals'. Studies of liquid crystals contribute to our understanding of how molecular orientation influences macroscopic properties. This thesis presents experimental and theoretical investigations of molecular order and dynamics in nematic liquid crystal systems. First, deuterium nuclear magnetic resonance is used to determine the degree of orientational order of both components of a liquid crystal mixture simultaneously. The temperature dependence of the four order parameters is interpreted using a newly developed mean field theory of nematic binary mixtures composed of biaxial molecules. Next, mean field theory ...